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Forme rty of H.M. Ssnd Kegt., and sometime Principal Assistant to the late 

Somerset Herald in Ordinary. 

Aiitlwr of ''Devonshire Parishes," "Practical Heraldry'' etc. 

D. &-• C, Ex 

Xoll^ou : 










I E&warO HtFjelstan Mortbi^ 












When I emkark ! " 

P R E F A C E. 

THE following pages are but the \-cry partial outcome 
of the researches, and extensive Ljenealogical correspon- 
dence, of well nigh a quarter of a century, and of m}- personal 
labours at the several public depositories of the records I 
have herein abstracted, or cited ; and although the present 
work ma)- be regarded, in some sort, as a continuation of ni}- 
previous \'olumes on the parochial and family histor_\' of De\-on- 
shirc, culled from the same original sources, and with which 
it is uniform, and although, in the midst of other literary 
work, I have now contributed some seventeen hundred closel)- 
printed pages, exclusive of pamphlets and periodical articles, 
to this single subject, I must freel_\- admit that the history 
of Devonshire, as a whole, yet remains t<i be written, and 
that it would most certainl)- entail the entire devotion of 
considerably more than an ordinary lifetime to properl\- 
accomplish the task. 

Therefore, it must be distinctly understood that I am now 
simply offering my friends and supporters a further instalment 
of a work, to the extension of which I can only trust I may 
be eventualh' able to devote the whole of niy time and 
attention, not with the most distant hope, or, shall I sa\-, wish, 
of being spared to complete it, but in order to add to those 
materials which will some daj' conduce, and I trust con- 
siderably so, to a complete record of a county which has 
hitherto received but scant justice at the hands of its pseudo 

" historians," who seem chiefl\' to have relied upon the palpably 
inadequate information, and, manifestly, in numberless instances, 
careless, investigations of the father of them, Sir William 
Pole, when they have not repeated tradition as matter of fact. 
Thus the works of Wcstcote and Risdon, and, in later times 
those of Pohvhcle and Prince, arc also full of inaccuracies, and 
the same may be said, in but a slightly lesser degree, of the 
Devonshire volumes of the Magna Britannia, for, although 
Samuel Lj'sons was " Keeper of His Majesty's Records," there 
is evidence in neari}' every page of the joint production of 
himself and his brother, that those records were not rendered 
available to any considerable extent, and that when adduced 
the)' are frequentl)- misquoted or misinterpreted. 

Whatever ma\- be m\- own shortcomings, I feel that I can 
fairl}' claim to ha\'e avoided the slightest suspicion of plagiarism, 
and I offer these pages to the public, not as the " sequence of 
a perusal of printed accounts and documents, sti'engthened b}- 
much help from friends who have made the archives their 
stud)-," a course, thus admittcdl)-, adopted b\- the late Professor 
Freeman in connection with his History of lixctcr, but " after 
stud)-ing the said archives," according to his own suggestion, 
" as the)- must be studied in manuscript," and that stud)- (in 
connection with the count)- which protluccd Drake, Ralegh, 
and Grcnville, with \\-liich Queen Elizabeth, of famous memor)', 
was proud to claim famil)- connection, which ga\-e birth to 
that great General wh<_) procured for us tlie blessing of a 
restored monarch)- ; and with which histcjric Shire the early 
da)-s of our own bclo\-ed So\-ereign were closcl)- identified), 
as anticipated b)- the late Regius Professor nf Modern Histor)-, 
has truly " called for the offering of no small part of a life." 

I will onl)' ,idd that m)- i)rescnt notices of Gentle Houses 
ma)- be looked upon as snmewhat scanty and partial, but it 


PRE FA CE. ix 

must be remembered that the Umits of this vnkmie 
have had to be considered, and that man_\- of the most illus- 
trious famih'cs of Devonshire, such as tlie Rcd\-ers and 
Courtenays, the De Rrions, the Drakes, the Russclls, the 
Grenvilles, the Yardes, the Mohuns, the Arundells, and man\- 
others, have been commemorated in my previous worlds, 
whilst an cxhausti\-e " digression " on the Earldom of De\-on 
will be found in m\- Suburbs of Exetei . In conclusion, I am 
alwa\-s glad to welcome correspondence in connection with the 
famil)- histor\- of mj' native count}-. 


Heavitree, Exeter. 
March, i.Si)6. 




Archdeaconry Court of Exeter - 
„ „ Barnstapi,e 


Bishop of Exeter, Consistorial Court 
Principal Registry 
Prerogativf, Court of Canterhurv 
Dean and Chapter of Exeter 
Vicar's Chorai, „ ,i - 


I- 52 

53- 80 








Archdeaconry Court of Exeter 

„ ,, „ Barnstaple 

„ „ „ Totnes 

Bishop of Exeter, Consistorial Court 
„ Principal Registry 




Bastard, of Kitley 



THE- Moor 


Brito, House of 

Brixton, of Bition 

Bruton, of Langlfy 

Bruton, of Alwington 

Chafv, of Chafecombe 

Cheverstone, of Wray 

Fortescue, House of - - - ■ 

FuLFORD, OF Great Fulford - 

GiBBS, OF Fenton and Clist St. George 


Horniman, alias Herniman, of Bradworthv, etc. 
Kri.i.y, of Kelly 
Northcote, of Pynes 
Northmore, of Cleve 
nott, of bvdown 


Venn, of Peyhembury 

Walrond, of Bradfield 

Walrond, of Dulford 

Weekes, of Honeychurc 

Wise, of Sydenham - 

Worth, House of 

Worth, of Worth - 

Worthe, alias Worthy, of Marldon and Exeter 

Wrey, of Tawstock - _ . . . 

Wvkes, of Northwyke - . - - - 

Pedigrees " Disclaimed " in 1620 - 

lNDf;x .------- 


Aldenham, Lord, Aldenham House, near Elstree, Herls. 

Asher & Co., Messrs., 13, Bedford Street, Covent Garden, London. 

Athill, Chas. H., Esq., F.S.A. (Richmund Herald , Herald's College, London 

Batten, J., Esq., F.S.A., Aldon, Yeovil 

Bartlett, Wm., Esq., Highfield House, Knotty .Asli, Liver|)nol. 

Bartlett, J. A., jun., Esq., B.A., Christ Church, O.vlord. 

Bartlett, J. A., Esq., Lynson, Mossley Hill Road, near Liverpool. 

Bartlett, T., Esq., 12, Pembroke Place, Liverpool. 

Bastard, Baldwin, J.P., Esq., Buckland Court, Ashburton. 

Bethell, W., Esq., Rise Park, Hull. 

Bridgman, H. H., Esq., 42, Poultry, London. 

Birmingham, Mr. W., Plymouth. " (Two copies.) 

Britton, P. W. P., Esq., F.S.A., Bitton House, Entield. 

Boase, Rev. C. W. (the late), Exeter College, 0.\ford. 

Bonython, J. L., Esq., J. P., Adelaide, Soutli Austraha. 

Broadmead, W. B. , Esq., Enmore Castle, Bridgwater. 

Buhver, Col. L., Quebec House, E Dereham, Norfolk. 

Brushfield, T. N., Esq., M.D., The Cliff, Budleigh-Salterton, Devon. 

Bruton, D. Veo, Esq., Stone-House, Healhtield, Sussex. (Two copies.) 

Barnard, Robert, Esq., 3, Hillsboroi^h, Plymouth. 

Chafy,*Rev. W. K. W. C, D.D., Rous Lench Court, 

Carkeet, W., Esq., 64, Watling Street, London. 

Caunter, W. A., Esq., 15, Bedford Circus, Exeter. 

Clark, Geo. T., Esq., Taly-Garn, Pontyclown, Glamorgan. 

Clements, H. J. B., Esq., Kiiladoon, Celbridge, Co. Kildaro. 

Colby, Rev. F. T., D.D., 12, Hillsborough Terrace, Ilfracomljc. 

Cole, C. F., Esq., Flintfield, Warlingham, Surrey. 

Cokayne, G. E., Esq. (Clarenceux), College of Arms, London. 

Churchward, F., Esq., Clarendon House, Granville Park, Blackheaih, London 

and Hill House, Stoke Gabriel, Devon. 
Commin, Mr. James G., 230, High Street, Exeter. 
Cuet, Lady E., 13, Eccleston Square, London. 
Drake, A. J., Esq., Stratford, Essex. 

Drake, II., Esq., 23, Upper PhilUmore Gardens, London. 
Drake, Sir Wm., 12, Prince's Gardens, London. 
Drake, W. H., Esq., Maison du Coin, St. Bulades, Jersey. 
Dredge, J. L, Esq., Buckland Brewer, Bideford. 
Downing, W., Esq., Alton, Birmingham. (Two copies.) 


Eland, Mr. Henry S., Exeter. {Two copies.) \ 

Finch, Rev. W., The Monks, Chaddesley Corbett, Kidderminster. (Two copies.) (, 

Fisher, E., Esq., F.S.A. (Scot.), Abbotsbury, Newton Abbot. ],: 

Fry, E. A., Esq., 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham. | 

Gatty, A. S., Esq. (York Herald), College of Arms, London. | 

Granville, Rev. R., The Rectory, Bideford. j 

Gray, Mr. H., 47, Leicester Square, London. (Two copies.) i 

George's Sons, Messrs. Wm., Bristol. . 

Gibbs, A., Esq., Tyntesfield, near Bri.'^tol. | 

Gibbs, H. M., Esq., Barrom Court, Fla.\ Bourton, R.S.O., Somerset. 
Gibbs, Rev. K. F., Aldenham Vicarage, near Elstree, Herts. 
Gilbert, W. K., Esq., 6, Dowgate Hill, London. 
Gidlcy, G., Esq., 17, Saltash Street, Plymouth. 
Godwin, J. G., Esq., 83, Eccleston Square, Pimlico, London. 
Gould, Rev. S. B., Lew Trenchard, N. Devon. 
Hawkesbury, Lord, 2, Carlton House Terrace, London. 
Hamlyn, J., Esq., Toll Marsh, Buckfastleigh. 
Hamlyn, W., Esq., Buckfastleigh. 

Hayne, Rt. Hon. Col. C. S., M.P., 6, Upper Belgrave Street, London. 
Hems, H., Esq., Fair Park, E.^eter. 

Holcombe, W., Esq., 30, Orchard Street, Portman Square, London. 
Horniman, F. J., Esq., M.P., Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London. 
Hovenden, R., Esq., F.S.A., Heathcote Park Hill Road, Croydon. 
Hughes, H. R., Esq., Kinmel Park, Abergele. 
Hurrell, J. S. , Esq., The Manor House, Kingsbridge. 
Lindsay, W. A., Esq. (Windsor Herald), College of Arms, London. 
Liverpool Athentsum, Liverpool. 

London, Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Fulham Palace, London. (Two copies.) 
Mallock, R., Esq., Cockington Court, near Torquay. 
Masland, W., Esq., 31, Fore Street, Tiverton. 
McDowall, S. S., Esq., 54, St. James Street, London. 

Mowbray, Rt. Hon. Sir John R., Bart., M.P., Warrennes Wo. .d, .Mortimer, Berk>. 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, U.S..\. 
Nettleship, Mrs. K., 5, Wimpole Street, London. 

Nicholls, G. J., Esq., Barrister-at-Law, Bengal Civil Service, Teekenning, 

Nicholls, H. Millett, Esq., Culverlands, Shedfield, Bolley, Hants. 
North Devon Athenoeum, Barnstaple. 

Northmore, John, Esq. (of Cleve). 

Oliver, V. L., Esq., Whitmore Lodge, Suminghill. 

Penzance Library, Penzance, Cornwall. 

Periam, H. W., Esq., Blossomfield, Solihull, near Birmint;ham. 

Peek, C. E., Esq., Rousdon, Lyme Regis. 

Raltenbury, B., Esq., Charlottetown, P.E.L, 

Rawle, E. J., Esq., 10, Colville Terrace, Bayswater, London. 

Roddy, John Jordan, 10, Rahere Street, London. 

Rowe, J. B., Escp, F.S.A., Castle Barbican, Plympton, S. Dev.m. 

Spalding, Dr. J. A., 627, Congress Street, Portland. Maine. 


SiUifant, A. O., Esq., Coombe, Copplestone, N. Ul-voh. 

Stevens, Mr. B. F., 4, Trafalgar Square, London. 

Scribner's Sons, Messrs. C, St. Dunstan's House, Fetter Lane, London. 

Smith, Tom C, Esq., F.R.H.S., Longridge, near Preston. 

Tremayne, Hon. Mrs., Heligan, St. Austell, Cornwall. 

Troup, Mrs. J. R., Rockbeare House, near Exeter. 

Venn, Dr. J., Caius College, Cambridge. 

Waldron, C, Esq., Llandaff, S. Wales. 

Wreford, G., Esq., Prestonbury, Clapham Park, London. 

Wrey, Miss F., Tawstock Court, Barnstaple. 

Wise, Major L. A. (of Clayton), Watts House, Bishop's Lydeard, Taunt' 

White, T. J., Esq., 59, Bryanston Street, London. 

Woods, Sir Albert W. (Garter), College of .A.rms London. 


Britton, A. H., Esq. (Somerset Ho 

Cutcliff, G., Esq. 

Fox, Miss Rita. 

Pyke-Nott, J. N., Esq. (of Bydown 






1546. Abstract of the Last Will of El)'s Venmaii, of 
Sampford Peverell. Mentions wife Katherine and daughter 
Agnes. Appoints John Venman and Richard Sawnder Over- 
seers. Wife Executor. 

Dated loth Dec, 1546. Proved, 1546. 

1546. Thomas Hill, of " twyvordton '' (Tiverton), 15th Oct., 
1546, desires to be buried in St. Peter's Ciiurch Yard there, and 
gives to " my ghostly father. Sir Edmuml Tuckheye," a small 

Thomas Cole, mentioned as Town Clerk. 

Proved, i8th Oct., 1546. 

Note. — " Hill " of Tiverton. 

At the commencement of the Parliamentary rebellion, one William 
Hill, of Tiverton, heard that the soldiers were demolishing what 
Queen Elizabeth's "visitors" had left of the stately burial chapel of 
the Earls of Devon, in the Parish Church. William considered that he 
might as well have a share of the plunder, but found that everything 
had been pretty well cleared away before his arrival, with the exception 
of the "Sanctus bell," underneath which he placed a ladder in order 
to "annex" it. But the bell slipped through his lingers and cut off 
his toes on both feet, on account of which he was obliged to sell 
his small property (a tenement and garden) in order to pay for his cure. 
But he remained a cripple, and was ultimately foimd dead in a ditch 
in the parish of East .Anstey. 


1546. The last will of John Ouickc, of " Sent Ccris Newton " 
(Newton St. Cyres), 14th Sept., 1546. Bequest "To the Store 
of St. Cire. Small bequest to his " ladde " George Kensbye. 
Residue to Margery, his wife, who is .sole Executri.x. 

Proved 22nd Oct., 1546. 

Note. — "Quicke" of Newton St. Cyres. 

According to Sir Bernard Burke,. the Quickes have only been settled 
at Newton St. Cyres since 1591, when they are said to have migrated 
from West Monkton, Co. Somerset. That they were here eadier than 
the end of tlie sixteenth century is shown by the above Will. 

"The Store of Sent Ceris." In old parish accounts mention is 
frequently made of various "stores" in connection with tiie Church; 
they were under the care of wardens of fraternities, called after some 
Saint, who raised money for various parochial purposes, and accounted 
for the sums they collected to the parish wardens annually. 

Newton Church was dedicated to St. Ciricius, properly Quiricus, an 
infant Martyr of Tarsus, a.d. 304. 

The Earl of Iddesleigh derives his second title, Viscount St. Cyres, 
from this parish, in which his ancestors at one time resided. 

1547. Henry Marwood, of Halberton. In the name of the 
father, the sonne and the holy Gooste, three persons and one God 
and lyke power, so be y'' — The twentye daye of June y" the 
seven and th3-rt\e yere of o' moste trysty, victoryous, and 
imperyall prynce Henry the eyght by the grace of God of 
England, ffrance and Ireland kynge and in erthe the supreme 
hedde next under god of the spyritualtye and temporalte w' in 
hys graces seyde domynyons ; I Henrye Marwood of Lyncolnes 
in, touched w' the handes of God, and w' longe sickenesse of 
bodye for my great and many offencys worthely afflicted and 
punnyshed, notw'hstandynge as olie unworthye, havenge my 
pfct remembrance, thanks be to God, do make and order thys 
va\ last will and testament of my sowle, bodye, and goods as 
iiereafter esunthe. ffyrst and chefflye I most wretchyd synner 
be)iige penytent, and sorye for my sayde offencys, do humblye 
com\t and bequeathe my sowle unto Allmythye god as unto 
my maker, to Jesus Cryste hys onlye Sonne borne of the Vyrgyn 
Marye, as unto my redemer, and unto the holy gooste as to my 
co'forter. Unto them thre as unto one god y" whome I 
perfctlye belyfe, and have a lyvelye faythe and costant hope that 
throwghc the merytes of Crysts passyon hys bludde be)nge 


plentyfullye shedde on the crosse for me and all niankj'nde, I 
shall siirelye and w' owte my debts enheryte the kyngdom of 
heven and throw^he hym receve my salvatyon accordynge as 
he hathe promysed y° hys gospell, and not throwghe anye deserts 
or woorks of niyne wer they never so manye or so good, as they 
are both ^&\v and vassie, ne bye any other worlye meanes but 
only by Jesus Cryste beynge the pf>" waye throwghe, and l\'fe 
unto salvacyn. Secondarylye, as* by the Create, all thyngs, my 
bodye was formyd and made of the slyme of the erthe, borne 
and browghte ynto th\-s vale of myserie y" \vrech>-dnes and 
synne, so I geve and comyt my saj-de bod\'e y" erthe to 
remayne, untyll the blyseyd comynge of Cryste my redemer, 
and then from thens to ryse agayne and to receyve his mrcyfull 
jugement bothe y" bodye and sowle. I wyll farther, that my 
saj'de bodye be browght y" the erthe \v" as small charges as 
may be convenyentlye, nether wytlie rvng}-nge, pypynge, ne 
syngynge, nether wythe any other maner of crymon}', but only 
w"" the styll prayer of devout p'oiis, and a sarmon the daye of 
my buryall to be made and preachyd for the edyfyenge of suche 
as shall be there present, by sum Catholycke and lernyd p'on ; 
the sa)-de s'moner to have of my executryxe for h)'s stj-pent or 
wages syxe shyllyngs and eghtypens ; not y"tendyngne herebye 
to dysalowe or neclecte the sayde ceremonyes, but accomptynge 
the other to be better and more acceptable, both for my sowle, 
and also for the edyfyenge, and fedyng of Crysts flocke, wythe 
the worde of god whyche y' the hevenlye ffoode of the sowle, 
and the chyfe setterfourthc of the glorye of god, whyche I, and 
all other hys servants, ofte cheflye to seke and folowe, and no 
other pompe ne glor\'e of thys world to accept or use, for y' y' 
all va)-ne, and shall vanyshe and wither awaye as dothe the 
flowre. Also I wyll that my Executryx shall geve and dyspose 
syxe shillings and eight-pens to the powrest of the people beynge 
present at my buryall. Thyrdlye, and last, I geve and bequeythe 
my goods to the wordly, that y^ to saye I geve to my good 
mother, a rynge of golde w' a turkes set theren, and also I geve 
her another rynge of golde callyd a hoope of golde. I geve also 
unto my brother John Marwood, my best gowne— unto my 
brother Barnard Marwood, my second gowne — to ]\Ir. Peter 
Osborne, my bedfellowe and specyall frynde, my scalynge rynge 


of golde, wherwythe I have sealyd this my last wyll. I geve 
also to Master Peter Browne my daggar trymed w" sylv' , and 
unto liys wyfe, a rynge of goolde w" a whyte hedde sett theron 
called a came stone; and a cussynge vv" the armes of mine 
Auncestres wrovvght w" corell and sylke. I geve also to Master 
Tliomas Poules wyfe, my other cussynge w' armes wrowght y" 
lyke wyse w' corell and sylke. I allso geve to Master Thomas 
Waller a rynge of golde w' 4 blewe saver sett theron. The 
rest of all my goods I geve to Mastris Johan Marwood my 
mother whome I ordayne and make my executryx, she therewt*" 
to content and pay my debtys as far as theye shall extende, and 
yf my sayde goods shall not suffyce to paye my sayde debtys, 
1 wyll that my next heyre, to whome my lands shall dessende, 
shall cotent and paye the rest of all my debts. Fynally, I shall 
most hertelye desyre all such as I have offendyd charytablelye 
to forgive me my offencys, and wrongs comyttyd agenst them ; 
and frelye I forgeve them and all other, endyng my lyfe y" 
pf>" faythe, constant hope, and godlye charyte. Thus I comyt 
agayne my sowle y"to the hands of Allniyghtye God, to whom 
be all honor, glory and impery world w'out end Amen. In 
wytnesse thys to be my last wyll I have wrote hyt w' my hand, 
w'out entirlynynge, blottynge, or rasynge thereof, subscrybed 
m\- name and sett to my seale, the day and yere above wryten 
p me Henery Marwood. 
Administration granted 13th Sept., 1547. 

Note. — The above interesting Will is an exact copy of the document, 
as collated, in an old l)ook of the Archdeaconry, page 45. The original, 
in testator's "own hand" has disappeared. It is the more important, as it 
is not referred to in the account of the Marwood family, "Genealogist," 
N.S. Vols. I. II. — which deals chiefly witli Dr. 'i'homas Marwood, 
Physician to Queen Elizabeth, and his descendants, one of whom, his 
grandson, Thomas Marwood, attended James I. in his last illness, of 
which he left a MS. account, in Latin, and which has been recently 
printed. Testator appears to have been a great uncle of Dr. Thomas 
Marwood the elder, who died 1617, aged 105 years. Testator's 
mother, "Johan," was the daughter of Humphry Courtenay of Bickley, 
by his wife Elizabeth Pomeroy of Berry. 

Arms of Marwood. Gii. a chevron Ai^ between three goats' heads 
erased Ermine. 


1547. The Last Will of Edmond Sherlond. 

He bequeaths his soul to God, and his body to be buried 
within the yle of our Ladye in " my parish of Wasshefylde" 
(Washfield) paying for the same 6s. 8d. Alsoe to Air. Parson 
Worthe"pro decimis " xxd. Item to my ghostly father \Vm. 
Williams to pray for me xiid. To Thomas Scholond the Gierke 
xiid. Executor Son John Sherlond., William 
Williams, Pryst, Mr. Symon Worthe. Overseers, Mr. Syinon 
Wortlie and John Casswyll. 

Proved 17th June, 1547. 

Note.— Symon Worthe of Worth was the Squire of the Parish. 
" Mr. Parson Worihe " was his brother Richard, who probably died 
about 1547. His will is dated that year. William ^Villiams "Pryst" 
may have been the Curate, but John Castlyn was instituted to 
Washfield Rectory, then "certo modo vacanteni " 2?>th Aug. 1554. 
No institution has been found between Castlyn and Richard Worthe. 

1548. The Last Will of Eliza Toker, "Widow Woman of the 
parish of Bradninch." Her body to be buried in Ghurchyard 
of Bradninch. She leaves her goods " moveable and im- 
moveable " to her "natural daughter" Jolian Toker, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Dated 12th May. Proved 2nd June, 1548. 

Sum ^10 1 IS. 6d. 

1549. Fhe Last Will of Robert Toker of Awtrie St. Marie. 
He commends his body to Holy Grave. 
Item to Sister Alys Tawse, "a purse with four tassels." 
Item to John Facie -'12, to Elizabeth Seaward -/12. 
Residue to John Tawse, "to bestow for the wealth of my 
Soul, as he thinks most best." 

Dated 22nd Nov., 1548. Proved 17th April, 1549. 
Sum ^5 13s. 4d. 

1549. Administration to the Will of Wdliain Drake of 
Rewe, granted to Margery his wife and Executrix. 
1 2th Oct., 1549. 


1577. Heiiery Hamlyn of St. Thomas, Exeter, 7th Aug., 1567. 

He leaves John Peter twenty nobles. To God-children 
/4d. each. To John Jordeyne "my cassock." Half of the 
residue to Richard Holman and Joan, my daughter, his wife. 
The other half to wife Alice who is Sole Executrix. 

Brother Symon Hamlyn and Cousin John Hamlyn Overseers. 

Witnesses, Richard Holman and Richard Harte. 

Proved 19th May, 1577. 

15S3. The last Will of Francis Ffugars, of Bampton, 
Husbandman. 13th April, 1583. To poor of the said parish^ 
a sack of rye, and to each of his three servants /i2d. each. 

To daughter Christian, 20 marks, to Godsons, /i2d. each. 

To Brother, James ffugars. Best Cloak. Residue to wife, 
Michell, who is Sole Executrix. Supervisors, Father-in-law 
Michael Burston, James Fugars, Harry Hill and Wm. Comer. 
" Whereas my wife is now with Child, my will is that his name 
be put in upon m}' bargain if he be a man child, but if it be a 
daughter I leave it to discretion of my E.xecutrix. Testator was 
indebted in the sum of £^ 19s. 8d. to his brother, Humfrie 

Proved 15th May, 1583. 

1583. The last Will of Elyen Connaunte of Collenton Raw- 
lighe, in the County of Devon, Widow, 20th Feb., 25th Elizb. 
To the four Children of Son-in-law John Kinge, " one whether 
-■liieep each." To Jane, dau. of said John Kinge, one pewter dish. 

To Johan, dau. of John Bocher, ' m\' best kercher." 

To Margaret, dau. of James Eliott, one petticoat. To Thomas 
Hidon the younger -/6. 

Residue to dau. Elizabeth, who is sole executrix. Overseers. 
Robert Ballemont and Thomas Hidon, who witness the will. 
Amongst the debts, she owes "my Lady Dennys" i6s. Sd., 
John Connaute 4s. 8d. 

Proved 5th April, 1583. 

The Conants, now of the United States, are said to have originated 
in France ; they settled in the district around Sidmouth, and pro<iuced 


many scholars and beneficed clergymen. John Conaiit, born at Bicton, 
1608, was Rector of Exeter College, Oxford. 

"Lady Dennys " was the wife of Robert Dennis, the owner of 
Bicton aforesaid, and patron of its church; he died 1592. He married 
twice — ist, Mary, daughter of Walter, Lord Mount-Joy ; 2nd, Margaret, 
d.iughter and heiress of Sir \Vm. Godolphin ; the latter survived him. 

1585 Administration to the Effects of Roger Connett late 
of Whimple deceased, granted to Joan his wife 31st March, 

James Brodbeare joins the bond. 

Sum £\6 5s. 4d. 

1585. The last Will of Joane Conett of Christowe, Widow, 
27th May, 1583. 

To Son, Robert Lendon, " a panne of fower gallons, a 
hoggeshead & the biggest eared tubbe." To Margaret, dau. 
of Robert Lendon, " one tynnen podger." 

To Son, John Connett, one brasen crocke, a panne of three 
gallons and a tynnen platter & a redde peticote. 

Residue to Son Richard Lendon who is Sole E.xor. 

Witnesses, Christ Townesente, John S\none, and John 

Proved 17th April, 1585. 

Sum £a, 17s. 2d. 

1585-6. The last Will of Richard Mountstephen of Cadlighe, 
23rd Feb., 28th Elizabeth. He makes his four Sisters, Cislie, 
Joan, Marie, & Margaret universal legatees and Sole Exors. 

In presence of Wm. Norcott parson of Cadlighe, and John 
Geare, with others. Proved 15S6. 

Note — I he Mountstephens were originally of Northampton. The 
Devonshire branch resided chiefly at CoUnmpton, and at Heavitree, 
near Exeter, where their names are foimd in the Parish Registers. 


1586. 21st June, 1586. The Will of John Connaute of Git- 
tishain. He desires to be buried in the parish Church. He 
gives to Nicholas, his son, his Cupboard. To John, his son, his 
Table-board. To Matthew, his son, a bed. Residue to his wife 
Mary, who is sole Executrix. 

Amongst the 'debts owing" there is mention of a debt due 
from " one that dwelleth at Lynge who married the widowe 
Venn's daughter, of Larkbeare, whose name the Testator 
remembered not." 

Proved 20th Sept., 1586. 

1586. The last Will of Thomas Kyllande of South Tawton, 
Yeoman, 9th Oct., 28th EHzb. He desires to be buried at South 
Tawton, and leaves to the poor men's box " one sheepe." To 
Wife, Margaret, iJ'20. To Son John, i heiffer. To Son William, 
;^5. To Son Mark, ^^5. To " four youngest Children, Francis, 
Walter, Elmon, & Lsett," ^5 each at 21. To Walter & Richard, 
Children of John Canne, " a Sheep apeece." 

"My Executor to find meat & drink sufficient for their degree 
for Margaret my wife & m)- four youngest Children, for twelve 
months after my decease." 

Residue to Son Gregory, who is Sole Exor. Overseers, John 
Canne and Wm. Borne. 

Proved 9th Nov., 1586. 

Sum £i\6 js. 

Note — Now spelt Kelland. An old yeoman family long identified 
with the jiorish of Lapford, and assumed to be of the same stock as 
" Kellcnd '' of Paynslord, near Totnes. 

1588. Admon. to Effects of Robert Mt.Steven of Payhem- 
bury. Granted loth April, 1588, to Alice, his wife. 
Sum £}} 19s. 4d. 

1586. Administration to the effects of John Eveleighe, Esqr., 
of Clist St. Lawrence, Intestate. Granted to Joan iiis relict. 


George Eveleighe his Son and Robeit Connaiite of Bovey Tracy 
join the bond, ^^40^ 
I Granted 1586. 

Note. — This family were of Eveleigh, in Broad Clist. Several of 
them were Fellows of Exeter College, Oxford. Dr. John Eveleigh 
was Provost of Oriel; born at Totnes ; died 18 14. 

1592. The last Will of Nicholas Tooker of Upton Pj-ne, 
30th Oct., 24th Elizabeth. To the poor 20/- and to those of 
Newton St. Cyres and Kirton, Shobbrooke and Thorverton, 
similar bequests. To Brotlier William ;^ 3. To Cousin W'illiam, 
John Tooker's Son ;£'20. Bequest to each of my Cousin 
Christopher Sergun's Children. To Brother Thomas Tooker 4/- 
and " my best cloak, hat and doublett." Also bequests to Brother 
William's wife, to Cousin's Son W'alter Halles, and to Sister 
Caroline's Son, Richard Pooke. Residue to Mother, Joane 
Tooker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Thos. and Wm. Tooker. 

Proved 1st Dec, 1592. 

1592. Tlie last Will of Christopher Tooker. He desires to 
be buried in the Parish Churchyard of Throwley, and "although 
sicke of bodye, yet hole of memory," &c. gives to daughter Erne 
her mother's best gowne, the sylvern hookes and one measure 
of tynning vessell. To daughter Johane, the great brazen crocke. 
To daughter Margaret, a similar bequest. To son James, "my 
best brazen home and my best ewere." To servant, George 
Venycombe, a doublet and grey jerkyn, a pair of leathern 
drawers, and second best hatte. Residue to wife Anne, who 
is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 6th Aug., 34th Elizb. Proved 4th Oct,, 1592. 

Sum ;{^i6 15s. 4d. 

1604. The Idst Will of Alice Pccter of ye cittie of Exeter, 
widow, 4th June, 1604. To Son Humfrie Peeter and his heirs an 
annuity issuing out of a tenement in the Parish of St. Paul, 


Exeter, for ever. Legacies, to daughter, Alice Keridge wife of 
Thomas K. to be paid by Son, George Peeter. To dau. 
VVelthiaii Tucker, To daughter Joyse Browning, To Son Morice 
Peeter, to Cousin Bridgett Watts, to said George Peeter's children, 
To Son Thomas Peeter, To Cozen Samuel Tucker, to Son 
Valentine Tucker (her Son-in-law) who has also six silver 
spoons, a pair of great andirons " which be in his fore chamber 
at ye new Ine." 

Exor. Humfrie Peeter. Overseers, Sons-in-law Valentine 
Tucker and Thomas Keridge. 

"AUc Peeter." 

"Concordat cum testnmento penes Registrarii remanente. 
Jaeperus Bridgeman registrarius Archidiaconi Exonicnsis 

(From Copy at Exeter Guildliall.) 

Note.— She would seem to have been the widow of William (fourth 
son of John Peter, Mayor of Exeter, 1537 ; die^l 1579), descended from 
a brother of John Petre of Tor-Newton, ancestor of Lord Petre. 

1606. The Last Will of George Gib, of Clyst St. George. 

In the Name of God, Emanuel, Amen. I, George Gib, &c. 

To Sixe of the poorer sorte of the parishe, iijd. To John Gib, 
the elder (his son by Welthean (Gwenllian ?), his first wife), 
one table borde in the hall, his greatest brasen crocke, his 
Brewing Panne, and his Cricking bute, " which things I was 
willed by my father to leave unto my eldest sonne." 

To Catherine, his daughter, ^20, one worsted kirtle, a pair of 
Silver Hooks, and one Silver Pinne. 

To Edward, George, and John, the younger, his sons, £Z 
each. To Andrewe, his son, ;^io, to be paid to Andrewe 
Lovering, his brother-in-law, and John Gib, the elder, his 
son, to be employed for him in some lawful and honest 

To his Godchildren iiijd. apiece, except George Gib, his son's 
son, to whom he gives "a yeo lamb at weyninge time." 

The residue to Marie, his wief (his second wife), whom he 
inakes his Whole and Sole Executrix. 


Witnesses, Edward Osborne, Andrewe Loveringe, and John 

Overseers, Edward Osborne, Andrewe Loveringe, and William 

Will dated 24th of February, 1 605/6. 

Proved 29th August, 1606. 

Note.— George Gibhe was buried .at Clyst St. George, August 
25111, 1606. 

1606. The last Will of Elizabeth Mortymer of Tedburn 
St. Mary, widow. Bequests of Clothes, furniture, or sheep, 
to Son William and his wife Margery, and their " children." 
To daughter Thomasine, Cousins Elizabeth and "Mock"(?) and 
to Thomas and Jone French. 

To cousin Walter Mortimer, to Jone Connett and to God- 
daughter Rose " Temlett " (Tremlett .'). The last has " a 
Wastcote, a peare of hose, and shoes." 

Residue to Son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Two Trustees, viz, James Woodley and Jno. French. 

Witnesses, Thomas French, Thomasine Wonstone, and 
Christian Collihole. 

Proved 19th Dec, 1606. 

Sum £1 13s. 8d. 

Note. — James Woodley. The Woodleys migrated to Ashburtoii, 
and were Lords of the Manor of Buckland-in-ihe-Moor, 1593. 

Present Representative — James Woodley, J. P., of Halshanger, 

1609. The last Will of Lawrence Wreaford of Bickleigh, 

He gives a sheep to Mrs. Twigge and a lamb to John 
Twigge, and the residue to Argent, his wife, who is Sole 

Dated i6th April, ist James. Proved loth March, 1609. 

Sum £\-j 9s. 4d. 


1613. Symon Tucker of Tedburne St. Mary. 20th Oct., 
161 3. To be buried in Church of St. Mary, Tedburne. 
Bequests to said Church and poor. To Jone, daughter of 
Henry Woodley, £l 5s. at 18 or marriage. To Martha, 
daughter of Henry and Eh'oner Woodley, and to their Son, 
Robert Woodley, at 16. Bequest — To Son Thomas " my 
table horse " (Trestle .') and the new house after wife's death. 
Bequest to Symon Endell. 

Witnesses, John and Richard Endell. 

Proved 19th Nov., 161 3. 

161 3. The Last Will of Elizabeth Mortimer of Bradridge, 
Widow, Nuncupative. 

Bequests to the poor and towards reparation of the Church. 
Residue to Henry Hille, her Son, who is Sole Exor. 
Dated and Proved July, 1613. 

1613. The last Will, Nuncupative, of Elizabeth Mortimer 
of Bradridge, widow, 8th July, 161 3. 

Imprimis. To the poor of Bradridge and to the reparacion 
of the Church 11/6. 

To God-children i/- apiece. 

Residue to Henry Hille her Son, who is Sole Exor. 

" Money oweynge to John Hille 303/4." 

Proved July, 161 3. 

1618. Administration to the Effects of Henry Mortimer of 
Rewe. Granted to Wm. Mortimer of Torrington, Yeoman. 
I2th May, 1618. 
Sum £,^\ Is. 6d. 

1617. William Osmond of Kcntisbeare. Sept. 24th, 1617. 
To Son Samuel ;^50. To dau. Tiiomasine Palmer ^5. To 
Edward and Nicholas Sons of Samuel Osmond 10/-. To 
Agnes wife of said Samuel 10/-. To daughter Isot Butstone, 
40/-. To Anne and Wilmot Palmer 5/- each. To Anstice 


Osmond, dau. of Thomasine Palmer, 10/-. To Agnes wife of 
Thomas Symons 30/-. To Thomas son of said Thomas 
Symons 10'-. To Thomasine wife of Richard Osmond -/12. 
To John Salter the younger -16. To poor of Kentisbeare 
3/4. To Kentisbeare Church -J20. 

Robert Osmond, Sole Exor. 

Two rulers, viz. : Ralfe Merson and John Salter with i/- 

Proved 19th March, 16 17. 

Sum £\(^ 17s. 

1617. Thomas Wreyforde of Exeter "Taillor" makes 
Gregory Soper, universal Legatee and Sole Executor. 
Overseer, George Trente. 
Dated March 20th, 1616. Proved 29th April, 1617. 

1617. John Osmunde of Kentisbeare. Sept., 1616. 
He leaves small bequests to the Church and to the poor, and 
the residue to Johane his wife, who is Sole Executrix. Two 
Overseers, " my eldest son, George Osmunde of Uffculme and 
my youngest son, John Osmunde of Tiverton." 
Witnesses, Robert Bishoppe, 
Saml. James, 
Thomas Bussell. 
Proved 2nd July, 1617. 

1618. Henry Osmond of Sampford Peverell, l8th June, 
1618. To brother Roger my wearing apparel " except my 
cloak which is to be sold to pay my funeral." He leaves his 
wife his leasehold dwelling house, determinable on the lives 
of Brother Matthew Osmond and Sister Anstice Rawling. 
The goods in hou-'C to revert to Servant, Elizabeth Osmond. 

3 Trustees, " friend " Arthur Hill, and Cousin John Osmond 
of Shobrooke, and John O. Son of said John. 

Witnesses, Arthur Hill, Thos Welland, Henry and Matthew 
Osmond, Richard Saunders and Jdlin Churly. 

Proved 14th Aug., i6i8. 

Sum ^23 5s. 4d. 


1618. Thomas Hamlyn of St. Thomas, Exeter, Yeoman. 
9th Aug., 1618. 

To Daughter Mary £<^0, Son John ^50, Daughter Ahce 
;£'i20, Son Roger ^120. All legacies at 21. 

Residue to wife Judith, who is Sole Executrix. 

Mentions "brothers" Jentill Venycombe and Roger Hamlyn. 

Proved i8th Sept., 1618. 

Note. — A branch of the family of Hamlyn of Wideco:nbe-in-the- 
Moor and Heine. — See Post. 

1619. .Tristram Tucker of Brampford Speke, Husbandman. 
2nd Jany, 1619. 

To eldest daughter " Hebbot," the bedstead in the parlour. 
Residue to wife Dorothy, who is Sole Executrix. 
Witnesses William Flaycross, Clerk, Gregory Ponsford. 
Proved at Exeter, 12th Jany., 1619. 
Extract from Inventory of above : — 
"Rente laid out for ground beforehand ^4 Ss. 
Item — 2 kine and I }ereling £■] 5s. 
I mare and 2 foles £\2. 

„ 4 flitches of bacon lo/-. 

„ 14 yards new woUen cloth. 

4 brass pans, i cauldron and 2 skillets. 

,, His dunge." 
Sum ^^58 IS. 4d. 

Note. — Flaycross was not Vuar. Tristram Heycraft was collated 
to Brampford Speke 1609-10, and died 1628-9. 

16 19. Administration of the Goods of Richard Gibbs of 
Clyst St. George granted to Jane his widow. Henry Smyth 
of Lympston bound with her. Goods priced by John Gibbe 
and Henry Golds worthy. May 25. 

Proved May ist, 1619. 

Note.— She was widow of . . . Symes ; married 10 Richard 
Gibbe at Clyst St. George, Sept. 23rd, 1601. 


1619. Ralph Owsment (Osmond) of Whimple, 29th July, 
1619. To Son, Ralph Owsment, my best suit of apparel. 
" If my wife marry again I ^wo. to my two daughters Anne 
and Thomasine half my household goods." 

Residue to said wife Alice, who is Sole Executrix. 

No witnesses. 

Proved 29th Sept., 1619. 

Sum £\i i6s. 

1619. The last Will of John Tucker of Potcote in the 
parish of Tiverton. He gives the poor of the parish 20/- 
" on the day of his burial." 

He leaves "each of my children" 3/4 apiece, "one ewe and 
one sheep." 

Residue to wife Katherine who is Sole E.xecutrix. 

Philip Thorbridge and Wm. Ha)'leighe Rulers, John 
Fursdon Overseer. These are left 2/- each. 

Witnesses John Fursdon, Hugh Vejsey, Richard Tucker. 

Dated April 20th, 161S. Proved March, 1619. 

Sum £-]J 19s. 6d. 


" Dishes, Spoones, Trenchers, and Cupps, i/-." 

"His Otes, barley and Barley mault, Wheeles, butt drayg, 
harrowes, Corne in ground, ^4. Haye, 10/-. i bullocke and 
I pigge, 36/-. Duckes, 2/-." 

Item one deede of ffaime or purchas £20. 

Note.— Fhe Wills of PLllis Tucker, Oct., 1610, and William 
Tucker, July, 1615, both of Tiverton, were duly proved, according 
10 the Calendnrs, but are now missing. 

1619. Thomas Mortimore of Tcdburn St. Mary, 26th 
Nov., 1619. 

He leaves to the maintenance of Tedburn Church 5/-. To 
Sons Thomas and Nathaniel 40/- each, at 21. "Item — I give 
unto them one brassen panne contayninge by estimation about 
forteene gallandes after my wife Wilmott's death." 


To dau. Elizabeth and Son John 40/- each at 21. Residue 
to wife Wilmot, who is Sole Executrix. 

Two Trustees, viz. : Wm. May of Dunsford and Richard 
May of Tedbourn. 

Proved 17th Dec, 1619. 

Sum £il 8s. 

1620. Thomas Osmond of Uplowman. To Son William 
all my apparel "and after the decease of my wyef my little 
caldron, pott hookes and hangings, and my great crocke." 
To daughter Joane, "after my wyef's death or marriage," a 
[lan and crocke. Residue to wife Thomasine, who is Sole 

Proved 20th April, 1620. 
No witnesses. 
Testator was a weaver. 
Sum £Af 5s. 2d. 

162 1. Wilmot Osmon of Tiverton, widow, 15th Dec, 162 1. 
There are small bequests to the children of John Skynner, 
senr., of Tiverton, viz., Nicliolas, John, Matthew, Elizabeth, 
Mary, Prudence, and Priscilla Skynner. To Kinsman Syinon 
Tiiorne, 5s. "Item — I give my " Tanye " (tawny.') gown to 
my kinswoman Elizabeth Cooddeney, of Crocombe, widow." 

Executor, Son-in-Uw, John Skynner. 
Witnesses, John Skynner and John Puddington. 
Proved llth Jany., 162 1-2. 
Sum £']g 9s. 4d. 

1622. Elizabeth Osmond of Tiverton, widow. There are 
bequests, chiefly of household goods, to Sons Henrj' and 
Thomas Osmond, to Brother John Puddington, to daughter, 
Mary Perrye, and to Son in-law, Richard Perrye. To Nephew 
Robert Perrye, 20s. Residue to said Sons, Thomas and Henry, 
who are Joint Exors. Two Trustees, Brother-in-law John 
Puddingtoti and John Duckham. These are the witnesses, 
atid have -/i2 each. 

Dated 26th Aug. Proved 3rd Oct., 1622. 
Sum £i'$> 15s. Sd. 


1622. The last Will of Robert Toucker of Tiverton, Hus- 
bandman. To wife Rabidge, life interest in all property, with 
reversion to daughter Johane. Dated Dec. ist, 1622. 

Proved 8th Jany., 1622 3. Sum ^38 lis. yd. 

1623. The Effects of Joane Toocker of Tiverton were ad- 
ministered by Nicholas Tucker, 6th March, 1623. .^3 i6s. lod. 

1628. The Effects of Richard Tucker, alias Glover, of Tiver- 
ton, administered by John T., a/ias Glover, his Son, who signs 
"John Tucker." 21st IVlay, 1628. 

Notes.— 'I'he Will of John Tucker of Tiverton, proved March, 1634, 
is missing. 

Robert Tucker of Tiverton, by his Nuncupative \\'ill, proved 23rd 
May, 1638, left small bequests to his " eight children," and made his 
wife, Thomazine, residuary legatee and sole executrix 

1623. Administration to the Effects, &c., of John Osmond 
of Shobrook, granted to Andrew, his son, 30th May, 1623. 
Sum ^127 los. lod. 

1623-4. Thomas Osmond of Halberton, Yeoman. To each 
of his Sons 5s., and to their children 2s. 6d. Residue to 
daughter Elizabeth, who is Sole E.xecutrix. 

Witnesses, Nicholas and Michael Osmond. 

Dated 26th July, 1623. Proved nth March, 1623-.4. 

Sum £8\ 4s. 8d. 

1634. John Osmond of Chilloman, in the parish of Halber- 
ton, 14th Aug., 1624. Desires to be buried in the parish Church 
of Uplowman, "where I was born." To kinsmen John Osmond 
and Robert his brother, 20s. each. To kinswoman Mary 
Esserye, widow, 30s. To the poor of Uplowman, 20s. To 
Mary, daughter of Zachary Churly, 20s. at 1 8. To daughter, 
Agnes Osmond, -/12. 


Residue to daughter, Elizabetli Sliackle, who is Sole Exe- j 

Witnesses, Arthur Hill and Ciiristopher Osmond. | 

Proved 29th Oct., 1624. ■ j 

Sum £29 ss. ! 

1624. Nicholas Hamlyn of St. Mary Steps, Exeier, Cord- 
waiiitr, i8th Sept., 1624. To Son James, best cloak and one 
platter. To youngest Son, Nicholas, best doublet and breeches, 
best jerkin, and one platter dish. Wife Joane, Executrix. 

Overseers, Augustine Drake and William Bicklye. Proved 
22iid Jany., 1624. 

Sum £2t, 1 6s. 8d. 

1624. John Osinonde of Tiverton desires to be buried in 
Ti\-erton Church, and leaves to the poor there, and to those 
of Kentisbeare, small bequests. Bequests also to Humphry, 
son of Brother George, to Elizabeth, wife of Alexander Hake 
of Buckland St. Mary, Somerset, to her daughter Anstis 
Hake, to her son John Hake, to Alexander Hake the younger, 
to Margaret and Katharine, daughters of the said Alexander 
Hake. To said Brother George and his three children, to 
sisters Thomasine, Anthony, and Mary Cave, to Kinsman 
Stephen Osmond of Tiverton, and to his brothers. To Joan 
wife of John Minifer, to Wm. Marshall of Tiverton, Currier, 
Humphry Bildo of the same, Robert Yarde and John Crooke 
of Tiverton, labourers, Robert Puddington, weaver, Richard 
Greane, and George Pooke. 

"Residue to my master, John ' Mynefee.' Witnesses, Richard 
Capron, Robert ' Meavyseale.' " 

Testator was a Blacksmith. 

Dated 2nd March, 1623. Proved ist April, 1624. 

Sum i^22i 15s. 6d. 


1624. 31st March, 1624. Nuncupative Will of Charells 
Graunger of Kentisbeare, made in the presence of Walter 
ChoUashe and Bartholomew Butsan. Gives all his apparel to 
Thomas Graunger his son, and the residue to wife Elizabeth 
and daughter Jane. They are joint Exors. 

Proved 9th April, 1624. 

Sum £21 3s. lod. 

1630. Administration to the Effects of Thomas Graunger, 
late of Withecomb Rawleigh, granted 3rd Feby., 1630, to 
Margaret his wife. 

Sum £\\\ is. 

1626. Abraham Osmond, 19th Sept., 2nd Charles I., desires 
to be buried in Halberton Church Yard, and gives to the 
poor there los. To son Francis £1. To daughter Sara £-i 
and to children's children 5s. each. To Eliza Somers a cer- 
tain coffer, and another to Elizabeth, daughter of Son Abraham. 
To apprentice John Stubinges, 3s. 4d. Residue to Son 
Nycholas, who is Sole Exor. 

Trustees, Grandson John Haddridge and Son Abraham. 

Witnes.s, John Haddridge. 

Proved 17th Nov., 1626. 

Sum £'j6 3s. 

1626. Robert Osmond of Halberton, 20th Dec, 1622. To 
the poor there 40/-, to each of Christopher, Nicholas, and 
James Osmond's Children -/12 each. To Michael, son of 
brother James Osmond, 20/-. To Elizabeth, daughter of brother 
Thomas Osmond, 20/-. To John Osmond of Brethembottom, 
40/-. To Cousin Nicholas Osmond, 40/-. Residue to Cousin 
Christopher, Son of brother John, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — Henry Breward. 
Mighell Osmond. 

Proved 8th Sept., 1626. 

Sum ^^26 15s. Sd. 


1627. Administration to the Effects, &c., of James Osmond 
of Tiverton. 

Granted 20th Feby., 1627, to Avice Osmond, widow 

1627. Administration to the Effects, &c., of Edward 
Osmond of Kentisbeare. 

Granted 5tli June, 1627, to Richard Osmond his reHct. 
Sum ;^38 7s. I Id, 

1629. Nuncupative Will of Thomas Gibbs of Clyst St. 
George, husbandman, 19th August "or thereabouts," in the 
presence of Robert Gibbe aud Elizabeth Crutcliard. He 
leaves ;^I0 each to his daughters Agnes and Joane Gibbs, 
and leaves the residue to Joane, his wife. 

Goods valued at £\(i2. 

NorES. — Proved in the Court of the Vicars Choral, Oct. 6th, 1642. 
Wife married secondly, \Villiam Darke of Coleridge. 

1631. The Last Will of William Gibb of St. George's 
Clyst, near Exeter. 

Devises his tenement and Garden, called Claypitt or 
Peyght, with 23 acres of laud, to his nephew and Executor, 
John Baker, to whom also he leaves his interest held for two 
lives in the Moiety of Court Place in the same parish. To 
the poor of the Parish 20/-. 

Goods appraised in ;^438. 

Will dated May lOth. Proved July, 1631. 

Witnesses, Richard Baker and Henrj' Hunte. 

Notes. — Buried July 17th, 1631, at Clyst St. George. 

On the death of George Gibbs of Clyst St. George, in 1723, his 
great nephew, George Abraham Gibbs (father of Sir Vicary Gibbs, Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas), inherited as his heir-at-law a small estate 
m that parish, called then, as now, Pyit. 

George Gibb of Clyst St. George was rated in 1650 for part of Court 


1637. The last Will of George "Worthy ' of the Parish 
of St. Sidvvells, Exeter, 3rd Sept., 1637. He mention.s his 
Son John " Worthy " and his daughter Joane Waiidricke. 

Residue to Joan his wife, who is Sole E.xor. 

Signed " George Worth." 

Proved Jan. 21st, 1637. 

Note. — Testator was fourth son of John Worthe of Crediton, 
whose Will was proved in the Principal Registry, 4th June, 1596. 
See Post. The said John Worthe was fifth in descent from Thomas 
Worthe of Worth, in Washfield, alive 1460. Testator inherited, and 
farmed, an out-lying estate in St. Sidwells. His great aunt, 
Alice Worthie, daughter of Otho Worthe of Compton, in Marldon 
(long the principal residence of this branch of Worth of Worth), 
was a Nun of Polsloe Priory, and was buried in St. Sidwell's 
Church, June 12th, 1586, being then in receipt of a pension from 
the Augmentation Office. Her mother's sister, Cecelia (Mylleton), 
Prioress of Polsloe, died 1530. 

1637. The last Will of Mary Redway of E.Kininster. 26th 
Oct., 1637. 

To be buried in E.xminster Churchyard. 

To Son, Richard Redway, is. and t " puter " dish. 

To his three children 12 pence apeace. 

To Geeles Redway "on ponger " dish. 

To Roger Redway " i crock and on pan and on platci- dish." 
To John Redway the younger "i pan and i plater dish." Elizb. 
Redway "on great candlestick and a skillet and i lam." Eales 
Redway "my darter" the bed "whereon I now lye performed 
with bed clothes, all my wearing apparel, i chest and a Coffer." 

Residue to Son John Redway, who is sole Exor. 

Mentions latter's ■' three children." 

Witnesses, Wm. Home, Ambrose Smith. 

Proved 1st Dec, 1637. 

Sum £26. 

1638. The Last Will of Rabisha (Rabidge) Tocker of Tiver- 
ton, Widow. She leaves her daughter Thorazine Marwood is. 

To her daughter Mary Reade's Children (wile of Thomas 
Reade) £i each. 

To Grandson, Robert Reade, small bequest. 


To Henry, Dorothy, and Anne Southard, children of dau. 
Dorothy, £\0. 

Residue to daughter Joan Tocker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 20th July. Proved 7th Sept., 1638. 

Sum ;^88 28. 3d. T 

1640. The Account of Peter Hamlyn, Guardian to the 
children of Nicholas Brimcliffe alias Gaunicliffe, viz, John, 
Elizabeth, and Mary. 

1 2th Jany., 1640. 

1644. Nuncupative Will of John Gibbe of Clyst St. 
George, husbandman, made i6th April, 1644, in the presence of 
Robert Gibbe and others. 

He leaves money to his daughters, Mary, wife of John 
Gibbens, and Anstis Gibbe, and the residue to his son and 
Executor, Richard Gibbe. Value of Personalty, ;^iiS lis. 4d. 

Note. — Eldest son of George Gibb (Archd. Exon., Aug. 24, 1606), 
by Mary, his second wife (Principal Registry, 1603.) 

1674. Nuncupative Will of Richard Gibbe of Clyst St. 
George, made July 15th, 1674, leaving property to his sisters, 
Mary Gibbens and Anstice Torner, and the Residue to his 
wife. Chattels appraised by Robert Gibbs and Benedict 

Date of Probate, Sept. loth, 1674. 

Witnesses, Robert Gibbe and Mary Webber.- 

1660. Inventory of Peter Tucker, of Cadbury, taken 17th Jan., 

" Imprimis." In readie money that was taken out of his 
pocket when he was taken out of the water by Henry Knolls, 

Item two olde Bookes, i Cup with a silver mouth, 3/-. 
Two bonds of desperate debt ^31. 

Twelve purses and pouches, a paire of gloves, with other 
small things in the Apple Chamber. 


Five Hogsheads of Cyder with the Casks £6. Two flatches 
of bacon £1 los. 

" This dale beinge spent we continued our further proceedings 
in this business until the next daye. Humfrey Wiicockes." 

Two Hackney Saddles and one Pilhou 13/-. 

Three Pack Saddles and their girtes. 

Two yearlings ^4 los. Two fat Steers £\2. 

Twenty weathers £\2. Twenty Sheep ^9. 

Two Sows with Pigs £7. Six Geese, Two Jennies, three 
Ducks and three hens, 15/-. 

Five Acres of wheat and Two of Rye £\J. 

A moiety of a parcel! of ground determinable upon the life 
of Rose Tucker and W" Tucker ^^30. 

Two oxen, Two Steers and a heififer that were driven away 
under the pretence of right by Edward Godfrey of Collompton 
which as we are informed were worth i^22. 

Note. — The above quaint inventory will serve well to show the 
price of farm stock, etc., in 1660. 

John Hush, who administered to the effects, subsequently petitioned 
to be allowed his charges, from which we gather that the funeral expenses 
of deceased, including the cost of search for and recovery of the body 
from the river, amounted to ^7. 

1661. The Last Will of Philip Gibbe, of Shobrooke. 

He leaves 10/- to the poor of the parish ; his lands and 
tenements of Ebford, or Ebbord, in Cl)'st St. George and 
Woodbury to his eldest son John (then wanting some years of 
21) and his heirs ; with remainder to his second son Phillip,* 
and his heirs ; with remainder to his daughter Mary ; and after 
her, to the right heirs of Phillip. Mary, his wife, to have the 
profits of the land till John come of age ; and to enjoy for 40 
years, if she should so long remain unmarried, the tenement at 
Little fifulford, in Shobrooke, where he was then living ; with 
remainder to his son Phillip. 

He makes his brothers George, t Abraham, | and Robert § 

* Archdeaconry of Exon., March, 1724-5. 

+ Principal Registry, Oct., 1723. 

t Abraham Gibbs, P.P.C. Nov , 1668. 

S Robert r.ibb.s Vic. Thor., Aug., 168S. 


" rulers in trust " under his will, and his wife, Mary Gibbe, 

Will dated Dec. 8th, 1656. Proved by Mary, the widow, 
July 27th, 1661. 

Witnesses — 

1662. Administration of the Goods of Robert Gibbe, of 
Topsham, to Rose Westlake, widow, his daughter ; Raymond 
Westlake being bound with her. 

Date of Grant, Jan. 24th, 1662. 

Note. — He was of Clyst St. George when Rose was baptised. 

1666. The last Will of John Redway the elder, of Exminster, 
Yeoman, 20th Feb., 1665. Son, Nicliolas Redway, the 4th and 
8th parts of Hall's Tenement. To Son William Redway the 4th 
part of Bond's tenement, "until half a year after his Uncle 
Richard Redway *s decease." To wife Margaret, " the bed 
whereon I lye." 

To Son Nicholas, "that gold ring which was left unto me by 
his Mother." 

Sons Nicholas and William, then married and childless, are 
Joint Exors. 

Overseers, VVm. Collins and John Collins the elder. 

Witnesses, John Skynner, Wm. TothiU. 

Proved iSth May, 1666. £\z^-]. 

Note. — Will written on parchment. Large circular Seal attached 
with strip. Device— A Griffin (arms of Collins). 

The Redways (pronounced and frequently written Radway) are an 
ancient Devonshire family, with coat armour of their own — viz., 
" Gu , a chevron between three owls arg. crowned or," quartered by 
Cooke of Thorne. Christopher Cooke, in right of his mother of 
Thome. She was Jenetta, daughter and iieiress of John Hake, by 
Janet, his wife, daughter and coheiress of Nicholas Radwav. — 
Coll. Ar.,D.T, &c. 

1666. Administration to the effects of Richard Redway, late 
of Exminster, deceased. Granted 25th Jan., 1666, to Thomasine 
his relict. George Collins joins the bond. 


1667. The Nuncupative Will of Elizabeth Red way of 
Exminster, 14th March, 1667, reflates that there is given her by 
the will of John Cuttaford, of Exminster, 20/- p. a. for a certain 
number of years. She gives one moiety thereof to her Sister 
Mary Redway, and the other to her kinsman, Richard Molton. 
Present at delivery of the will — Thoniasine Redway, Gilbert 
Pearse, and Charles Stonenian. 

Proved i6tli Oct., 1668. 

1667. John Evans of St. Sidwells in the City of Exeter, 
Husbandman, 1st Ma\' 15th Chas. II. 

To daughter Elizabeth, wife of Richard Fillmore, weaver, 
i/- " starling mone)'." 

Residue to wife Johane. 

" And I doe make & ordayne my loueinge friend Agnes 
Tucker of the parish of St. George in the aforesaid City of 
Exeter vviddowe, Sole Executrix for the use & benefit of the 
said Johane my wife.' 

Witnesses, Richard Hingston, Thomas Willing, Thomas 
Ferris, Thomas Jewell, Richard Jewell. 

Sum j^26 15s. 

Administration granted ti) Johane the widow, Agnes Tucker 
having renounced, 15th Oct., 1667. 

Seal. A heart, with letters " A. T.'' 

Note. — Tooker of Maddington, Co. Wilts., sixteenth century. 
" Vert, on a bend, engraved arg., 3 body hearts gii." 

1670. John Wrefoid Gentleman of the Parish of Bickley, 
i6th July, 1659. Small legacies to Christopher Son of Gawen 
Richards, Stephen Burrows and Barbara Blackmore. 

Residue to present wife Anne, the daughter of Damaris 
Chapman. She is Sole Exor. 

Seal of Anns. A fesse between 3 stags' heads cabossed. 
Proved 1st Sept., 1670. 

Inventory made by Wm. Wrayford, of Silverton, Gentm. 

Total i:i,2i8 i8s. 

Note — The Arms on the Seal are apparently those of Barton of 
Smitliills, Co. Lancaster. 


1670. " Memorandum, that on or uppon the 6th day of 
febuary Anno Dmi. 1670, Elenor Tucker "late of Sidvvells" 
being of a disposing mind & memory delivered her last Will 
& Testament in manner and form following, first of all she 
gave unto Catherine Davids, wife of Morgan Davids, her 
kinswoman all that she should dye possessed offe, if shee did 
not live soe long to spt-nd it herself. 

" Item she gave to Roger ffollette's daughter one paire of 
stockings, but as for Roger ffollett he should not have a 
penniworth of her estate. These words were spoken being 
then of perfect mind and memory not long before her death 
in the presence of us," etc. 

Proved Feby., 1670. 

Note. — St. Sidwell's, Exeter — in the Index of this Archdeaconry 
deceased is described as " Elenor Tucker of Tiverton." 

1870. The last Will of Thomasin Redway of Exminster, 
14th April, 1670. Giles Redway and each of "his children" 
" my daus." Mary Stoneman, Grace Redway, late Cousin 
John Cuttiford, Grandson Richard Molton, and Nicholas 
Molton, are all mentioned. 

She gives her interest in a cottage and nine acres of land 
at Exminster to Son Richard Redway, with remainder, in 
default of his issue, to daughters Mary and Grace. 

Residue to said Richard Redway, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved 27th April, 1670. 

Sum £-]^. 

1670. Inventory of all the goods & chatels of Thomasin 
Redway of Exminster who departed this life the sixteenth 
day of Aprill in the j'eare of our Lord God 1670, taken and 
^appraised by us whose names are under subscribed : — 

^- s. d. 
Imprimis for her wearinge apparel ... ... ... 2 10 o 

Item, 3 beds performed ... ... ... .. 2 10 o 

2 chests, 3 cofTers, i little box 2 o O 

For cloth in the house ... ... .. ... 300 

For 2 coats 016 o 


For a Bible 



For 9 pans, 2 kittles ... 

.. 2 


4 crockes, i posnel .. 

.. I 


13 pewter dishes 

.. I 


I Prese 



2 Bords, I forme, i chest, 2 coffers 



Corne in house 

•• 3 

2 milch kine 

.. 6 

2 hogs 



I hoxhead of sider 



For timber vessels .. 

.. I 


For victuals in the house 

.. 2 

I hand gunn 



5 bags & I packsheet 



ffor rede 



ffor working tools & I twine 



ffor woode 



„ laders and a cheese wring 



„ corne in the grounde 

.. 10 

„ Irework about the chimney 



„ pte in a tenement 

.. 30 

„ things forgotten & not praised ... 




The some . . 




Roger Smith Exhibited 29th 

Nicholas Turner April 1670 by Ric 

hd. I 


167 1-2. Will of Richard Redway of Exminster, Husband- 
man, 14th Dec, 1 67 1. 

" I give unto my soon all my land wch I doe now enjoy. 
I give unto Richard Molton ;^8, to be paide unto liim when 
my Sonn comes in age in cause they toe doc so long life." 
To Nicholl Molton 20/-. To Robert Redway and Mary 
" Redwa" i/- "a peace," and "to Geils Redway thear father 
my blew coat which I did weare worken da}-es." To Grace 
Redway 5/- and " 2 bushels of wheat to be paid at harvest." 
To wife Sara Redwa\' '' lialf ww goods in doors & out." 


Said v/ife is Executrix. "My Soiin '' has the other half of 
the Residue. 

Proved 19th Jany., 167 1 -2. 
Sum £26 i6s. 

1677. The last Will of Johane Wrayford of Bickleigh, 
widow, 23rd Nov., 1677. To Mr. Samuel Se^ar £10 and 
a mourning ring. To Brother John's two Children ^^5. To 
poor of Silverton 20s., and the same sum to the poor of 
Bickleigh. Mentions her tenement called " Richards." To 
Mother and Sister Damaris she leaves her wearing apparel. 
To Sister Gill her wedding ring. " To my brothers " 5s. 
each. To Aunt Agnes, now wife of Ambrose Goodridge, the 
Residue. She is Sole Executrix. 

Proved iitli December, 1677. 

Sum ;^445. 

1680. The last Will of Henry Worth of Washfield, dated 
19th Jany., 1677. 

He desires to be buried " without superfluity of blackes " but 
deccntl)-, and six of the labourers on the estate to " attend his 
hearse" and to have 6s. eacii and a " gowne." 

" Item — 1 give £\o towards the purchasinge some father 
estate as for buyings of Bibles or some other books of 
divinity to be yearl)' distributed amongst the poor people of 
Washfield for ever." 

" To my son, Thomas Wortli, 4s. for a ring." 

" To my son, Alexander Worth, the lyvinge of Wood which 
I latel)' purchased in the parish of Uplovvman, to him and 
his heirs for ever, and the sum of ^300 to stock it." 

To daughter Doroth}', wife of Robert Collins of Autry 
(Ottery St. Mary) Clearke, ^100. 

"To my daughter, Elizabetli Oliver, a ring of 20s. value." 

" To my daughter, Mary Worth, ;£'700." " To the Servants 
at Worth at time of my death 40s. each. To my Son 
John's wife " my best piece of plate." I'o brother Arthur 
Worth, Sons-in-law Robert Collins, Benjamin Oliver, Esq., 
Humphry Shobrooke Merchant, dau.-in-law Anne Worth, 
Nephew Wm. Pincombe, two brothers-in-law, Francis and 


Thomas Bampfylde a ring each of 20s. value. Residue to Son 
John Worth, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, George Abraham, John Besly, and Enilin Clat- 

Codicil, dated 12th Jany., 1679-80. 

He leaves his brother Arthur Wortli ^10, and to the ciiildren 
of his daughter-in-law Ann Worth i^io each. He leaves to 
his Son Alexander, tlie books, trunks, boxes, and other things 
in the study over tlie porch of Worth House. 

Witnesses, Benjamin Oliver, Roger Dodge, Saml. Clemens. 

Seal of Fainiiy Anns. Arg., an l-.agle dispd., wings 
elevated, with two necks Sa, Beaks and legs Gules. Helmet 
and Mantling. 

Crest. "An Arm erect vested erms. gloved erm. holding 
an Eagle's leg coupcd or." 

1680. The last Will of Orlando Evans of Exeter, lOth 
Aug., 1680. " In-holder." To Sons Richard and Orlando, 
to daughter Ann Strod, and daughter Sarah Tucker, " equally 
to be divided between them, sucli worldly goods as I die 
possessed of They are joint E.xors. 

Witnesses, Joseph Marshalle 
Jo. Erlye 
Jo. Battersby. 

Proved 2 1st Jany., 1680 

Seal. A Battle Axe below the letters " O. E.," surmounted 
by a Royal Crown. 

Motto. " Le Roy Vive." 

1683. Jonah Tucker of Thorverton, Feby. igtli, 1682 

To Sons Jonath, John, and Michael, and to dau, Elizabeth 
£\o each. 

His wife Elizabeth is to "hold & enjoy" his "justment" 
which he rents of Sir John Davey until 20th Marcli, 1684, 
then brother Edmond is to have it to " end of term." 

Residue to said wife who is Sole Executrix. 

Overseer, Brother Edmund Tucker. 

Proved 8th June, 1683. 

Sum ;f85 I OS. 


1683. Administration to the effects of Hugh Tucker of 
Exeter, Granted to Sarah his rcHct, 13th July, 1683. 

From the Inventory of Hugh Tucker late of the Parish of 
All Hallows, Goldsmith St., Inn-holder, June 8th, 1683. 

"Item I Silver Tancket, a tumbler, 3 Spoones & a dram 
dish 4/8 to 4/10 per oz., £•] 15s." 

Item a second-hand old watch broken and out of order, £\. 
Item a dozen of old case knives at 2, 8 a dozen. 
Item "Desperate Debts," ^^194 7s. 3Jd. 
„ Secure Debts, Thomas Tucker, Esq., jQi 13s. 8d. 
„ Roger Tucker, £^0 19s. 4d. 

„ Anne Tucker, widow, ^15 5s. 

Robert Tucker, ^3 17s. 5d. 

1684. Administration to the effects of Orlando Evans of 
Ottery St. Mar\-, deceased. Granted to Elizabeth his widow. 
Richard Evans, '" Tonsorius," joins the bond. 

29th Jany., 1684. 

16S4. Joan Wrayford of Silverton, widow, i6th April, 1679. 

She gives her three daughters, Joan Galard, Ann Holmes, 
and Grace Bryan, and to their respective husbands, one piece 
of Gold. To "the Minister" for a funeral Sermon, the same 
bequest. To each of her Grandchildren 5 -. To eldest Son 
William the Cider pound with its appurtenances. To the poor 
of Silverton £1, and to those of Bickleigh £1. 

Residue to youngest Son Edward Wrayford, who is Sole 

Proved 4th Feby., 1684. Sum .^$^465 13s. 8d. 

Armorial Seal. 3 Piles in Point. 

Note. — " Or, 3 Piles in point azure." These are the well known 
arms of Brian, of Tor Brian, Co. Devon, but have been used, with 
very doubtful right indeed, by both English and Irish Bryans for 
many years. Some vary the Tinctures. 


1684. Tlie Last Will of Robert Tucker of Thorverton. 
He bequeaths his soul to God and his body to Christian Burial. 

" I give to my daughter Jan, won shilling. To my Son 
Georg. won shilling. To my Son Roger, won shilling. To 
Henry my Soiin in law, won shilling. To Mary my daughter 
won shilling. To Jud., m}' daughter, won shilling. To my 
daughter's Sons, won shilling. To my Son Peter, won shilling. 
To my daughter Grace, w^on shilling." 

"Also I do mak my house to my wif during her life" 
with remainder to Son Roger, who is to pay half the moytie 
to my younger children." 

Trustees, m}' wife and John my Brother. 

Witnesses, " Wiliom " Tucker, Henry Tucker. 

Administration was granted to Dionysia Tucker the wife in 
minority of her daughter Peternell Tucker, who had the 
residue and was Sole E.Kecutri.x under the will. iith April, 

1684. Administration to the Will of Robert Tucker of 

Thorverton, deceased, was Granted to Dyonisia his wife in the 

minority of the Executrix, Petronell Tucker, nth April, 1684. 

Inventory of Robert Tucker of Thorverton, Deed., Fuller. 

5th .April, 1684. 

Item 3 spinning turns and 2 skewers. 
„ I pair of fullers' shears, 10/-. 
,, I fullers' press, 10/-. 
„ I Chettell lease, £\2. 

" The Sum is i^22 7s. 2d. 
The Debt is" 10 os. od. 

Remains £\2 7s. 2d. 

1686. Joseph Wreyford of St. Thomas the Apostle, and 
County or City of Exeter, Schoolmaster. He leaves his house- 
hold goods to his wife, Elizabeth. Mentions his Sons Samuel, 
Joseph, and John, and gives them certain houses. Residue to 
his wife Elizabeth, who is sole E.xecutrix. 

Dated 22nd Nov. Proved 19th Jan , 1686. 

Sum £iy^ 5s. 6d. 


1686. The last Will of Nicholas Tucker, of Bampton. Dated, 
26th May. 1686. 

He leaves to liis wife, Anne, 3 pewter dishes that are marked 
with the letters '" A. H." To Joan, dau. of Win. Norrish, 
deceased, "one Amiuory now in my dwelling house, and my 
greatest Kaddarne under the Ammory standing " ; also one 
brewing ffatt ' & "the sum of ;^5 in money to be paid her by 
Susanna Blackmore, now living with me." 

" To Robert my bnjther my best sutt, viz., one waistcote, one 
long cote, & a paire of briches." 

To Edward Downe my best hate. 

" To Cousin James Butford, m\' leather deske. To my mother 
20/-. To brother-in-law, William Presser, my razure." 

" I give to Ann my wife the right to dwell in my house as 
long as she shall remain a widow, & I do give my house & 
garden to Susanna Blackmore and residue, and make her sole 
executrix on this condition that she alwa)^s dwells in it & does 
not sell it. In default, there is remainder to Joan Norrish. 
Cousin John Norrish of Cruse Morchard to be ruler in trust with 
■ bequest of 5/-." 

Administration granted to John Norrish in minority of 
Susannah Blackmore, 29th Jan., 1686. 

Sum £\i IIS. 6d. 

1686. The last will of Dorcas Evans of Exeter, Spinster, 
27th Nov., 1685. To Sister, Mary Titherly, " my farrington 
gowne and scarlet large petticoat, & a greene mohaire petticoat 
& a red cloath petticoat, a Cabinet & a paire of curtains & 
vallens, a cupboard cloath, a pur-e, pincushion & sheath.' 
" Item to Joseph Evans, my brother, all my linen undisposed 
of To said Sister Mary, two gold rings & one piece of broad 
gold, in the hands of Cozen Bartholomew Shower of London. 
To Cozen John Anthony's wife. Covering for a chaire & two 
stooles. To Roger Light & his wife, a brass pott, a skillett & 
a butter dish, two spoons and a mustard pot. To s"^ Cozen, his 
wife & daughter £1 for rings. To Cozen Elizabeth Hayne & 
to Cozens Phineas and Susannah Anthony, sums to buy rings. 
To the poor of the City 10/-. To brother John Evans two 
thirds of money remg. after debts &c. are paid." 


Residue to John Aiithciiy of Exeter, Merchant, who is sole 

Witnesses — Susannah Marsiiall. 
Margaret Bennett. 

Arvwrial Seal. — On a t'ess, 3 roses ? between 3 fleur de Hs, on 
a chief, 3 lions ranipt. 

Crest. — A denii-Uon ramp, holding a sceptic 

Proved June, 1686. 

Note. — Evans of London and Shropshire, and Evans of Watslay (now 
Wynnstay), Co. Denbigh, and represented by Sir Walking Williams 
W'ynn, Bt., gave "■ Arg. a fesse between 3 fleur de lis Sa." 

Administration to the effects of John Lewis, alias Evans, of 
Exeter, granted to Sarah Lewis, alias Evans, of Exeter, his 

John Vigors, Carpenter, of Exeter, joins the Bond. 

15th April, 1706. 

1687. Inventory of Jane Tucker, widow, of Clcyhanger, 
ilth April, 1687. 

Item [4 silver spoons and 3 Gold rings ... ;f6 o o 

„ all her books ... ... ... ... too 

5 cowes and 2 calves ... ... .. 20 o O 

,, 3 heifers ... ... ... ... .. 1 1 10 o 

„ I heifer .yearling ... ... ... ... i 10 o 

„ 14 ewes and 14 lambs ... ... ... 968 

„ 24 old sheepe ... ... ... ... 14 S o 

V 25 hog „ II 5 o 

I horse and i mare ... ... .. 600 

„ I Sow, 6 young pigs, and 2 otiier piggs ... 300 

„ Corne in the grounde ... .. ... 7 10 o 

,, all her hay ... ... .. ... ... 300 

,, all lier poultry ... ... ... ... 050 

1687. The last will of Jane Tucker of Cleyhanger, widow. 
She desires her body to be devoutly buried. To the poor of 
the parish 10/-. 

To Jane Rendall, her Grandchild, £50, " and the table borde 



in the parlour, and the best chair in the parlour, and the tester 
bedstead in parlour chamber, the side saddle," and " my wedding 

Bequests to otlier Grand-children — viz., Dorothy, Honour, and 
Elizb. Rendall. 

£6 to be e.xpended on funeral. 

Residue to daughter, Jane Rendall, who is sole Executrix. 

" To Thomas Richards of Bradford ni}' kinsman," 40/-. 

Proved 12th April, 1687. 

Sum i:305 5s. 8d. 

1690. The last will of Richard Evans of the City of Exeter, 
Iim keeper, 6th Nov., 1690. He leaves to his Cousin Anne, 
daughter of his brother Orlando Evans, deceased, i!'20. To his 
Sister, Sarah Tuclcer, widow, ^5, " Provided that they do not 
molest or trouble in\- Executrix hereafter named in tlie enjoy- 
ment of what I shall leave unto her." 

Residue to wife Rebecca, who is sole Executrix. 

Proved i/lh April, i6gi. 

1693. The last Will of Dorothy Tucker of Exeter, widow, 
13th May, 1693. 

She leaves to seven poor widows of Exeter 20s. each. 

Siie bequeaths her interest in an estate and term of years 
ill certain houses to her brother, John Sanford of Virginia 
and her cousin Ann Chilcote, in equal parts. To all "brothers 
and sisters " of Testatrix 20s. each for mourning rings. 

" I also give the silver bason my decease! father gave me 
to my brother William Sanford, and my will is that after 
his decease the said bason shall be a legasie successively unto 
such as shall bear the name of William Sanford.''* 

Residue to Son, James Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

St-al of Anns. Barry wavy of 12. 

Crest. A Martlet. 

Proved 30th June, 1693. 

- See Eail.,r's " Traclical Her.nMry," p,ii;e l6S, etc. London ; Redwciy, iS 
now Key.Tn Paul .V Trubner. Lii.lg.ile IJill. 


1694. The last Will of George Osmond of Tiverton, Hus- 
bandman, dated 2ist Aug., 1694. 

Bequests to Sisters IVIary Glass and AUis Hill. To ' Cosens " 
John and Thomas Hill. To Peter Osmond and his Sons 
Robert and William. To Thomas Osmond of Autrey (Ottery 
St. Mary) and to Thomas his Son. To George Osmond, 
Alice Dale)', Mary Sellack, and to Thomas Daly's son John. 
Residue to wife Katherine, who is Sole Executri.v. 

Witnesses, End}-meon Vacinover 
John Thomas, Junr. 
Michael Frankpitt. 

6th Dec, 1694. y. q^rrQ':; 

Sum i:i22 4.. J-LO /oi^O 

1694. The last will of Thomas Tucker of Dunkeswell, dated 
9tli Sept., 1684. He leaves his wife Elinor i^i2 a year as long 
as she remains unmarried, failing this, £10 p. a. 

He charges his estate called Winsor in the parish of Luppitt 
with this annuity. 

" I leave also to Elinor my wife, the halle, and all those 
two rooms on that side the entry in my said house called 
Winsor during her life, togeather with the upper garden, & I 
also give to my said wife for her yearly burning 200 well 
made faggots of wood." He further gives her the best bed, 
certain specified furniture, "the best lininge table borde cloth, 
one side saddle & a pillion." For all these goods she is to 
give a bond to his Exors. for due return at her decease. 
Residue to Son Thomas, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 30th Jany., 1694. 

169^. Inventory of Thomas Tucker of Dunkeswell, made 
18th Jany., 1693-4. 

Item. His wearing apparel, cash, and plate ...£'30 O o 

A Chattlc estate in Luppitt ... ... 500 o o 

„ In wood and fuel 24 O o 

„ Debts and Credits ... ... ... 60 o o 

„ Desperate Debts ... .. . . 20 O O 

240 sheep 96 O o 

,. 10 horses and Colts ... ... ... },l o o 


Item. Crockes, frying pans, spits, and andirons ^200 
Eight flitches of bacon and other victualis 

in the hall 1 1 00 

Brass and pewter 18 o O 

The above are the most interesting items in the Inventory; 
the total of the personal estate amounted to ^^1,046 6s. 5d. 

1696. The last Will of Grace Tucker of the City of 
I'lxeter, Single woman, one of the daughters of James Tucker, 
Merchant, deceased. 

"To my honoured mother Mistress Joane Tucker, all my 
property, messuages, &c., in St. Mary's Clist or elsewhere, 
either in the County of Devon, or in the City or County of 
the City of Exeter. To be held by her, her lieirs and assigns 
for evermore." 

Residue to said Mother, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 19th May, 1696. 

Seal of Anns. Barr}' wavy, on a chevron embattled, betw. 
3 sea-horses, 5 gouttes de poix. 

(Tucker of P^xeter.) 

1696. Christopher Granger of Broadhembur)-. Administra- 
tion granted 14th Ma)-, 169G, to Mary liis wife. 

Sum £^,o 1 6s. 4d. 

1697. The last Will of Alexander Osmond of Tiverton, 
Yeoman, 25th Oct., 1697. 

He leaves to John Newte of Tiverton, Reclur, and Matthias 
Jenkin of the same, Merchant, one yearly rent-charge of ^14, 
in trust for Grand-daughter Elizabeth Wheeler. After death 
of said Elizabeth, he gives an annuity of £"/ to Grandson 
Peter Morse, together with his dwelling house on Barnes' Hill 
and ;^ioo. To Peter, Laurence, and Sarah, children of said 
Elizabeth Wheeler, ;^20 each at 21. He leaves certain 
Messuages to Grandson Wm. Morse, and " one piece of gold 
called a Guine\' " to Frances wife of said Matthias Jenkin. 
Residue to said Grandson Wm. Morse, who is Sole Executor. 


DEVONSHIRE ll'/f/.S. 37 

Trustees, Son-in-law Peter Morse of Tiverton, Mercer, and 
Edward Bury of the same, Mercer, with 20/- each. 

He desires his trustees to take on the administration of the 
estate of the late Wm. Cannington of Tiverton, Serge Maker, 
and to care for the education of Wilhani and John Cannington. 

Witness John Corrain. 

Proved gth Dec, 1697. 

1697. The last will of John Tucker of Luppitt, Yeoman, 
3rd Jan., 1679. 

"To Sarah my wife, whom I make my sole Execatri.x', all 
my moiety of the estate known as Ruggepath in said parish of 
Luppitt, being parcel of the manor of Dolditch Shaugh, together 
with all other land held on lease from John Ashford of .Ashford 
in the Co. of Devon, Esqr , & determinable on the dcathc of the 
said Sarah my wife, John Tucker & Susannah Tucker, Son S: 
daughter of mc the said John." 

Proved 27th April, 1697. 

Sum ^^369 6s. 2d. 

1699. Administration to the Effects of George Wreford of 
Exeter. Granted 12th June, 1699, to Uritli his wife. 
Sum £i'& 2s. 2d. 

1700. Thomas Wreaford of Whitstonc, in the Co. of Dexon, 

3rd Jan , 1700. To brother-in-law Thomas Squabble, dwelling 
house and garden. 

To Sister, Abigail Yevvman, ^8. To Brother-in-law Henrj' 
Skinner, ^S. To Cousins Elizabeth and Ann, daughters of 
Thomas Squabble, Elizabeth Yewman. and Elizabeth and 
Alice, daughters of Henry Skinner, small bequests. 

Cousin Simeon Yewman to be Executor. He remarks that 
he lent William Best of Crediton, ;£i lOs. forty years ago. 

Proved 13th June, 1700. 

Sum /:27 7s. 4|d. 


1700. William Wrayford of " Sillferton," Gentleman, 
29th April, 1700. 

To Mrs. Joane Galerd, widow, 18 twenty-sliilling pieces of 
Broad Gold. " To Andrew Adams, alias Holmes, the money 
that he owes me." 

To William Bryannd of Exeter, Goldsmith, ^40. To 
Sylvanus Bryannd, his brother, £\o. To Richard Bryannd of 
Exeter, Apothecary, a tenement worth ^^30 a year at Sandford, 
with reversion to kinsman William Wrayford of London, 
Merchant, and Matthew Wrayford of Cornwall, failing issue. 
He gives his servant Mary Haubsland ;^50 and her life upon 
his houses at Silverton called Buckinghanis, but the land 
belonging to the said houses he desires may be " let out " at a 
yearly rent for the benefit of the poor of Silverton for ever, at 
the discretion of the " Pastor, Churchwardens and Overseers of 
the Parish." Mr. Troyte is mentd as Rector. To Edward 
" Bryand," his life in a tenement value £\2 p. a. at Bridford. 
To Sister Joane Galerd, and to John Davise and his wife 
Margaret, daughter of said Sister Joan, £\ is. and a mourning 
ring. Mentions Robert Marsh of Exeter, Mrs. Grace Bryand 
widow, " Mr. Francis Weare of Silverton, Esq.," and Mrs. Grace 
Weare, Mrs. Grace W^eare the younger, " my Goddaughter," 
John Weaie, and Elizabeth Weaie" his younger Sister," Mr. 
John Slade and Mary his wife. To poor of Silverton, £\0, 
Bickleigh ;^5, and bequest also to poor of " Chitherly." He 
adds, " the Silver Tankert, Silver Salt, and Silver spoons I 
intend to distribute with my own hands." To Mrs. Grace 
Bryand my Sisier ^^52 los. & my gieat gold ring and my 
Sealing ring with my coat of arms cut upon tlie ring." There 
is further mention of Mary and Ann Bryand, daus. of said Sister 
Grace, Mrs. Agnes Evelleigh, John Holmes, Junr, and Ann his 
Sister. Residue of Estate, lying in Crediton, Sandford, and 
elsewhere, to said kinsmen William and Matthew Wrayford, 
they are joint Exors. Proved 15th Nov., 1700. 

Armorial Seal — six times repeated — a chevron between 3 
leopards' faces or (Parker Lord Macclesfield). 

Note.— The will of Edward Wrayford of Silverton, Proved 19th 
Sept., 1691, is sealed with the same Seal. 

I believe that n Seal of Cliapiiian, who bore somewhat similar arms, 


came into the hands of Wm. Wrayford when he made the inventory of 
John \Vreford of Bickleigh, in 1670, and tliat it was ahered and 
adopted for their own arms by the Wrefords or Wrayfords of Silverton, 
between 1670 and 1690, possibly by iheir relative " William Brjannd," 
the Exeter Goldsmiih. Richard Bryan became Rector of Silverton 
1675, and died 16S8. I presume that he was the husband of 
Grace Wrayford, and the father of the Bryans mentioned by Testator. 
A Coat of Chapman may be thus blazoned : — " Per chevron 
arg. and gu., a crescent between 3 leopards' heads counierchanged."' 
It will be seen that the substitution of a chevron for the partition 
lines would obliterate the crescent. See a}ite, page 25, 1670. 

1702. Katharine Osmond of Tiverton, widow. To Dorotln', 
wife of James Crosse of Collompton, Mercer, dwelling house, 
with appurtenances in Tiverton. £10 to be expended on the 
i''uneral. To Nicholas Tucker, a life annuity of 10/-. To Kins- 
women Grace and Dorothy Tucker, 20 - a year. To said Grace 
Tucker " a paire of my finest sheets and of my finest pillytys." 
To brother John Conebee ^^5. To brother Robert Banbury ;£"5. 
To Sister Elizb. Slee, wife of John Slee, ;^5, and one gold ring, 
a dozen table napkins and my rideing suite and mantle. To 
Sister Jane Banbury 20/-. To Kinsman James Crosse of 
Collompton, mercer, 20,'-. To his daughter Dorothy 20,'-. To 
Sister Elizabeth Slee's four children, John, Nicholas, Edwd., 
and Elizabeth, 20;- each. To brother John Coneby's two 
children, John and Thomas, 20/- each. To brother Robert 

Banbury's five children To Kinswoman Grace Banbury 

50/- and a gold ring. To Kinsman Robert B.mbury the j'ounger 
20/-. To Kinswoman Alary Banbury 20,-. To Grace HoUe 
and Elizb. Hooper, my kinswomen, 20/- each. Residue to 
Dorothy Crosse, wife of James Crosse, " my kinswoman." who 
is Sole E.secutri.K. 

Witnesse-^, Thos. and Wm. Baron. 

Dated 5th Ma\-, 1696. Proved 23rd Ap., 1702. 

1706. Henry Sanger of Poughill, 19th Oct., 1695. To 
Father, Henry Sanger, 5s. To Mother, Joane Sanger, cs. 
Residue to Sisters, Joane and Elizabeth Sanger, who are joint 
Exors. Proved 28th June, 1706. 

Witnesses, Saml. Chappell and Jone Melhuish. 

Sum £^,-j 4s. 4d. 


1708. The last Will of James Tucker, the elder, of the 
city of Exeter, Gentleman, 22nd Dec, 1708. He leaves 
to his five cliildren, James Tucker ; Dorothy, wife of Peter 
Morse of Tiverton, Grocer ; Margaret Tucker, Jane, and Sarah 
Tucker, in equal parts, all his property and houses in the 
parishes of St. Edmund and St. Mary Arches, both in the 
City of PZxeter, together with "four estates" in the parish of 

The houses in St. Mary Arches Parish were then in possession 
of Jonathan Fox, Yeoman. Testator had other property in 
the parishes of St. Pancras and St. Kerrian, both in Exeter. 

" To said Jane Tucker, my Chest of Drawers, my books, 
my brother Risdon's picture, and my mourning ring which 
I wear outside my signet ring." 

To said Sarah Tucker, " my flower dressing box inlaid, 
my book styled ' The Whole Duty of Man.' " 

To Thomasine and Bridget Stephens, a guinea piece of 
gold each. 

" To nn' .Sun, James Tucker, my Gold ring with a Cornelian 
stone, and my Coate of Arms sett and engraved thereon to 
keep and wear in remembrance of me." 

" To Katherine wife of Jonathan Fox, yeoman, my Venise 

Residue to dans. Jane and Sarah, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 7th Jany., 1708. 

1709. Tlie last Will of Joane Tucker of the Citj' of Exeter, 
widow, 1 8th June, 1709. 

To her Cousin Gertrude, wife of Henry Turney, Gentleman, 
and to her son, Richard Turney, ;^ioo. To Barbara, Sister 
of sd. Gertrude and wife of John Baker, Clerk, ;^ioo. 

To Cousin, Courtenay Croker, Esq., ;^50, in trust for use 
of Cousin Dorothy, wife of Cousin Samuel Axe. 

To said Courtenay Croker ;£'iOO in trust for Dorothy, dau. of 
sd. Samuel and wife of Bernard Pennington. 

To Cousin Stephen Bryan ^^150, and further, £^0 in trust 
for Rachel Bryan, his sister, " latel)- married." To Cousins 
Joseph, Samuel, and l':iizabeth Bryan, and Cousin Joseph, Son 


of Samuel Axe, ^^50 each. To Mrs. Plleanor Moore, School- 
mistress in Exeter, ;^50, with remainder to her dau,, Mrs. 
Susannah Moore. To Brother and Sister Farthinge, 40s. each 
for mourning rings. To " Servant maid " Martha Powning, 
£2(X) and all her clothes. To William Rous of Faringdon, 
Gentleman, ;^50. To Florence Sprague of Mary Clist, widow, 
;£'20. To Cousin Robert Bryan, Rector of Clist St. Mary, 
the advowson of said Church, to him and his heirs for ever, 
and also a meadow at Clist, to pa\' out of the latter 8s. p. a. 
for ever towards repairing the poor houses in Bishop Clist 
Town. To sd. Robert Bryan and Charles Heron of Exeter, 
Gent™-, the fee simple of a house. Garden, and Orchard in 
Bishops Clist Town, in trust to permit Edward Lang and 
Margaret his wife, and Martha Powning, widow, to have the 
same for their lives, and after their deaths the said house to 
he an Alms house for two ancient poor persons of Clist St. ■ 
Mar}-. To the same Trustees she leaves her house in which she 
resides in St. Mary Arches for the use of the Minister of 
that parish. 

To her Trustees, for their trouble in executing the said 
Trust, she gives a broad piece of Gold. 

Residue to Robert Br)'an, Samuel Axe, and Saml. Bryan, 
who are joint Exors. 

Administration granted to Robert Bryan and Samuel Axe, 
8th March, 1709-10. 

17 1 2. Susanna Osmond of Halberton, widow, dated 9th 
I'eby., 171 1. She confirms a deed beaiing date i6th Feb\'., 
gih On. Anne, between the said Susanna of the 1st part, and 
James Osmond of B)-cott, Halberton, Genileman, her son, of 
2nd part, Jeremiah Hussey of Okchamnlon of yA part, and 
Anthony Codner of CuUompton of tlie 4th part. Provisions 
of this deed not expressed. 

She bequeaths to daughter Susanna /'lOO in excess of £'200 
given her by said deed. 

" My svlver bowle & Damask Napkins, m\- pair of Vir- 
gennalls, my Side Saddle, fyve sylver spoons marked with the 
letter M. All my old gold and gold rings, except my new 
signet ring, which I give to my Exor. 


To my Grandchildren Thomas. John, and Mary May, and 
Grace Sanford, 5/- each. To Son-in-law Phineas May, and 
daughter-in-law Mary O.smond 5/- each. To Servants i/- each, 
and to the poor 10/-. 

Residue to Son James, who is sole Executor. 

Proved 25th Nov., 1712. 

1720. Last Will of Mary Lyle of Topsham, widow. 

Whereas her late father Nicholas Downe by his will dated 
Dec. 31, 171 3, gave her daughteis Sarah and Mary Lyle 
certain estates in Roclcbeare and Ellesbeare (Aylesbeare) 
between them, on condition that if Mary should take the 
whole she should pay her sister ^^500 ; and that was not 
enough in value for the moiety, she therefore gives her 
(laughter Sarah ^^700 payable on Mary's attaining the age of 
21 and exercising the option ; but if she did not, the bequest 
to be equally divided between them. 

She leaves a legacy to her cousin John Saunders of Pinhoe 
and his son John, and to her sisters Martha Waad and Martha 
Brand, making them Executors in trust. 

If her daughters should die under age or unmarried, she leaves 
Rebecca, wife of John Saunders the elder, ^100; to Mrs. Jane 
Westcott of Farringdon, Devon, widow, i^ioo ; and to Deborali, 
wife of John Bishop, of Marsh Green in Rockbeare, £^. 

Will dated Jany. 4th, 1717/8. 

First probate, Aug. 6th, 1720, to said Executor.-. 

Second probate, April loth, 1728, to John Chappell, a quaker, 
who makes affidavit and values the goods. 

Third probate, March 12th, 1728-9, to Sarah Lyle, alias Gibbs, 
widow, and Mary Lyle, alias Bunidge, wife of Samuel Burridge, 
daughters and co-executrixes of the deceased. 

Seal — Argent, 10 billets, 4, 3 2, and i. 

1723. The last Will of George Gibbs of Clyst St. George. 

He bequeaths all his goods and chattels in Clyst St. George, 
and devises all his lands in Clyst St. Mary, being part of the 
Manor of Ashmore, to Francis Pease, Minister of the I'arish, 
excepting certain legacies, namely, 8 sixpenny loaves to the 
poor labourers of Clyst St. Mar\- evcr\' Christmas. Easter, and 


Wliitsuntide, and the ist Sunday in May, for ever ; and 16 like 
loaves at the same time to the poor of Cl}-st St. George ; and, 
every second j'ear, out of the yearly profits of the said lands, 6 hatts 
for 6 poor boys, and provision for 4 poor children to be kept to 
reading school, and that they have each a bible at going off; 
and if a lad shall happen to be sent from this parish to 
University, he is to have £Af a year for 4 years ; provided that 
all these be in communion with ye Church of England, and 
constant at ye parish Cinirch. He makes his most affectionate 
friend and Minister Francis Pease his sole Executor, leaving 
him all his lands, goods, and chattels for his life, making reference 
to a conveyance executed some tiine before. He leaves to his 
sister Brinley a bond for £\<X> due by her husband ; also he 
leaves 10/- to be paid for a charity sermon to be preached on 
the first Sunday in May for ever ; and desires to be buried with- 
out pompe or noise. 

Will dated July iSth, 172 1. Proved by Francis Pe.'se, 
Octr. nth, 1723. 

Witnesses — Silvester Sux pitch. 
Richard Humphrc}'. 
Walter Wood. 

Notes. — Testator was buried at Clyst St. George, August 9th, 

His sister was Elizabeth, wile of Benjamin Brinley, and daughter 
of George Gibbs, of Clyst St. George, 16S3. 

1724. Last Will of Philip Gibbs of Shobrooke. 

Leaves his lands in Upton Helions and Shobrooke to John 
Primridge of Sanford, and John Frost of Crediton, in trust 
during the life of his sister-in-law Sarah Rither, for his daughters 
Mary, wife of Philip Pyle, and Elizabeth, wife of Anthony Harris, 

Will dated May 20th, 1724. Proved March 4th, 1724-5. 

Adinoii dc bonis iwn granted Januar}' 7th, 1732, to William 
Harris or Winter. 

Witnesses — 

Note. — 'I'estaior was second son of Philip Gibbe of Shobrooke, 


1725. John Osmond of St. Sidwells, Tallow Chandler. 
To wife Elizabeth, an annuity of i^20 and one room in his 

house. Household goods to remain witii Sons Joseph and 
Samuel. To daughter Elizabeth i^'soo, to daughter Grace, 
wife of Nathaniel Cock of Bideford, Clerk, ;^50. To said 
Son, Joseph, ^100. To said Sons, his leasehold property in 
St. Sidwells, and a freehold house in St. George's Parish. To 
the four Presbyterian Ministers, Mr. S. Enty, Mr. Withers, 
Mr. Eavington, and Mr. Green £1 is. each. 20/- to his wife 
Elizabeth in trust for the poor people of St. Sidwells parish. 
Residue to said Sons Joseph and Samuel ; they are Joint Exors. 

Witnesses, Esa3'ah Broadmead, Francis Worth, John Broad- 

Dated 4th Dec, 172J. Proved 14th June, 1725. 

Seal of Arms. 3 horses Courant. 

Note. — These are the Arms of Fry of Yarty, and the ring seal 
evidently belonged to Francis Worth, the witness, one of the " four 
children " of Francis Worth of Exeter, and Great Grandson of 
liiizibeth, dau. of Nicholas Fry of Yarty, and of her husb.ind 
Henry Worth of Worth in Washtield. 

1726. The Last Will of Abraham Gibbs of Topshain, 

Leaves ^500 to his son George Abraliam Gibbs. ;^300 to 
his daughter Anna Gibbs. £21 and no more to his wife 
Sarah Gibbs. 

Exors. in trust, John Ewins, John Rous, and the Revd. 
Mr. Christopher Ewin (Rector of Feniton). 

Will dated i6th Sept., 1726. Proved Oct. 24th, 1726. 


Note.— Testator's wife w.ts daughter and coheir of Robert Lyie 
of Topshani, widow of . . . Ewing<;. 

1727. Administration to the effects of Stephen Worthy of 
St. Davids, Exeter. Granted 8th Nov., 1727, to Anne his wife. 

Note.— He was grandson of George Worth, "or Worthy," of 1637, 
and great-great-grandfather of the Editor of this work. Since his 
lime, the final " e," abandoned in the elder line by Anthony Worth 
of Worth, 1517, has been also entiiely ab,in(lone<i by ns, and our 
name written as above ; in accordance, however, with the old 
inonunciation. — l'"ii. 

DE VONSHIRE 1 1 11. 1.S. 45 

1729. Elizabetli Evans of St. David's, Exeter, Widow, dated 
20tli April, 1729. 

Siie gives all her goods to Nicholas Hamling of Exeter, 
ill Trust for Magdalen, wife of Thomas Saunders. 

Administration granted to Nicholas Hamling, 17th Oct., 1724. 

1733. Administration to effects of Francis Evans of Exeter, 
granted to Edward his Son, i8th Dec, 1733. 

1730. Mark Swaiiger of Clehanger, Yeoman. To brother 
Moses Swanger £20. To John, Son of John Minchin of 
Clehanger, £^. To Grace, daughter of said John Minchin, 
^4. The Moiety of " my estate," called Bond house, to 
Cousin Robert Milford of Norton Fitzwarren, Husband- 
man, and to Cousin John, Son of brother Tliomas Swanger, 
and their heirs. And the leasehold moiety of the same 
estate is also bequeathed to them, but charged with 
annuities of ;^I0 and i,"s to brothers Moses and Thomas. To 
Cousins Elizabeth, Joan, Mary, and Sarah, daughters of 
Brother Thomas, ^^5 each. To Cousin Jane, daughter of 
Brother Moses, ^^"5. To Brother Robert Swanger and Sarah, 
his daughter, £~, each. 

2 Trustees, Moses and Thomas Swanger. 

Residue to said Robert Milford and John Swanger, who are 
Joint Exors. 

Witnesses, John Swanger, Mary Isaac, Richd. Loudon, 
John Muichin, Senr. 

Dated lotn Aug., 1728. Proved 30th July, 1730. 

1734. The last Will of Elizaoeth Worth of St. Sidwells, 
Exeter, 26th Jany., 1733. 

She desires to be buried with her deceased husband in 
the Chancel of Washfield Church. 

She leaves to her five younger Sons, Henr\', Bampfv-ld, 
Simon, Reginald, and Samuel Worth, £\0 each. Slie 
mentions her Son, Furse Worth, latel)- deceased. 

She leaves her daughter Doroth)- her gold watch, and to 
her daughter Susannah her pearl necklace. 


To her daughter Matilda her "gold medall " and her 
diamond ring. To her brother-in-law, the Revd. Mr. Canon 
Wortii, and to her Cou.sin Franci.s Worth, a mourning ring 
each. To Mr. John Parsons, Apothecary, Exeter, and to 
Mr. John Norman, Apothecary, Tiverton, a mourning ring 

She leaves the residue of her estate to iier said Sons, 
Simon, Reginald, and Samuel, and to her six daughter,-^', 
Marv, Elizb., Bridget, Dorothy, Susannah, and Matilda, who 
are Joint Exors. 

Witnesses, John Fortescue, " Catherine Dummitt." 

Proved 19th Sept., 1734. 

Crest Seal, in red wax : an iieraldic tiger, supporting between 
its paws a .shield charged with a bend betw. 2 bendlets. 

Notes.— This was evidently Dr. John Fortesciie's Seal. He was of 
Bampton, Co. 0.<on, and a Bachelor of Medicine. He died 
unmarried in 1752, and was the last of the name of Fortescue at 
liuckland Filleigh. 

Mrs. Worth, the Testatrix, was the witiow of John Worih of 
Worth, Grandson of Henry Worth, whose Will, proved 16S0, has 
been given ante. She was dau. and heir of John Furse of Morshead, 
in the parish of Dean Puor. 

1737. The last Will of Richard Huy.she of Baliol College, 
Oxford, 28th March, 173 1. He constitutes his father, Francis 
Huyshe of Clist-Hidon, universal legatee and Sole Exor. 

Proved 25th March, 1737. 

Note. —He was second son of the Revd. Francis " Huyshe," Rector 
of Clist-Hidon, and, through Wentworth, Spencer, and Clare, had a 
direct descent from Joan Plantagenet, second dau. oi Edward I., a 
fact referred to on the fimeral monument of his four sisters in Sidbiiry 
Church. His niece, Ann H., married John Mtrlhuish of Hill, in 
Cruse Morchard, and was Editor's great-grandmother. 

1738. Administration to the Effects of George Vigor of 
ILxcter, granted 6th Feby., 1738, to Ann Phillips, wife of 
John Ulrich Passavaut, his Sister. 


1738. Tlie last Will of Don. thy Wrayford of St. Mary 
Major's, Exeter, 29th June, 1738. She mentions her Sister, 
Elizb. Prigg, deceased. She recites that she is under "covert 
baron," and bequeaths the estate set apart for her separate 
use. To "brother-in-law" Thomas Lavington, the house in St. 
Thomas, now in possession of Thomas Savory, Haberdasher 
of hats, ill trust for my dear and loving husband. Angel Wray- 
ford, with remainder to " Cousin " Thomas Lavington the 

Executor, the first-named Thos. Lavington. 

Seal. A Bull passant. Bevill. 

Proved 23rd Aug., 173S. 

Note. — The Lavingtons were Exeter merchants, and resided for some 
years at Larkbeare. Thomas Lavington may have been a brother of 
Andrew Lavington of Larkbt-are, who became bankrupt in 1737. Dr. 
George Lavington, Bp. of Exeter 1746-62, is said to have been of 
this family, and to have been born at Heavitree, near Exeter. It 
appears, however, that he was really born at Mildenhall, Herts., of 
which parish his Grandfather was Incumbent. 

1744. The last will of Marj' Carwiihen of the City of Exeter, 
Spinster, 12th Jany., 1742. To brother William Carwithen, 
£\o. To Sister Sarah Atkin, £\o. To Cousin Penelope 
Safifin, for mourning, i^io. To Cousin Robert Atkin, ;^20. 
To Cousin Anne Westcote, £'^. To Cousin Charles Carwithen, 
;^5. To Cousin George Carwithen, ;^5. To Cousin John 
Carwithen, the Minister, £1. To Cousin John, Son of Cousin 
Elizabeth Maye, a moidore. To Cousins John and Edmund 
Atkin, .^5 each. To John Bassttt, Esq., of Heanton Court, 
£2 2s. for a ring. To Cousin \Vm. Atkin, Esq., her best 
diamond ring, failing his heirs remainder of said ring to his 
Sisters. To Cousin Mary Atkin, her gold watch, which belonged 
to her late brotlier Cudniore, of Tenipleton. Legacies to 
Cousin Edmund Carwithen, and to IMiss Mary W'alrond, 
daughter of Dr. Walrond, Sister Sarah Atkin, and to her 
Cousins, the 6 daughters of her sd. Sister, Sarah Atkin, who 
are Joint Executrixes of her Will. 

By Codicil she gives legacies to Cousins Joseph Carwithen, 
Mary C, dau. of Cousin Carwithen, of Crediton. To Church- 
wardens and Overseers of Tenipleton ^'10, to be placed at 


interest to keep a child in the parish school " to learn to read 
the Bible." 

;£'200 to her said Cousin Penelope Saffin. 

Proved by Mary Atldn and Anne Westcote, two of the 
I'^xors., Vch. 1 2th, 1744. 

The last Will of Maiy Carwitheii of the Parish of St. 
Petrock and Cit\' of Plxcter, Spinster, 7th Sept., 175 1. 

She directs that her body shall be buried in a vault in the 
Parish Church of Crediton, in the grave of her late brother, 
William Carwithen, and bequeaths legacies to her mother, 
Esther,* and to her niece, Esther, dau. of brother John. 

Residue to s.iid brother, John Carwithen, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved Feb. 13th, 1752. 

1752. Administration to the effects of Joan Worth of 
Worth, in the parish of Washfield, Granted to Henry Worth, 
her husband. 

Simon Worth of Washfield, Gentleman, and John Brayley 
of Tiverton, join in the bond. 

Granted Sth June, 1752. 

N.B. — Henry Worth was second son of John Worili of \Voith, 
M.P. for Tiverton, 17 10. 

1767. The last Will of Mary, wife of Simon Worth of 
Washfield, Gentleman, 22nd Nov., 1766. 

She settles Treneeres, in the parish of " Maddrin " and Co. 
of Cornwall, which had been secured to her by settlement, 
upon her mother Lydia, wife of Samuel Harness of Washfield, 
Clerk, and upon her husband Simon Worth, unless he marries 
again. She mentions her Uncle Arthur Harris of Lifton, 

Her Cousin William Oliver and his heirs have reversion of 
said estate for ever. 

By Codicil, 3rd Dec, 1766, she leaves certain bequests, viz.. 
To John Pierce, Esq., of Chancery Lane, London, i^ioo. To 
Revd. Philip Atherton and his wife Betty £^0 each. To 

Henry Waliond, ICsq., cf lirarifieUl, Cn. Do 

DE I 'ONSHIRE Wit. I. S. 49 

uncles John and Arthur Harris, and to the Hon. Mrs. Harris. 
To mother, Ljdia Harness, " my watch and all my trinkets, 
except the Seal with the Oliver Arms, my large chased silver 
waiter, my father's picture and her picture now in the little parlour 
at Worth," "the picture of Dr. Oliver, my hoop diamond, and 
best diamond ring." To cousin "Miss Caroline Oliver," "my 
shagreen tea chest compleat, my silver tea candlesticks, my 
best stone shoe buckles, my two best suits of lace, my best 
sack, my little ruby ring set with brilliant sparks." To Mrs. 
Elizabeth Acland "my smelling bottle in case" and "my Seal 
with the Oliver Arms." To Beavis Wood, " my silver labels." 
To cousin Susannah Benson, a mourning ring. To said 
husband, Simon Worth, four silver table spoons and six 
common tea spoons. To said mother, the use of my silver- 
hafted knives and forks, to revert to uncle Arthur Harris. 
To Revd. Mr. John Cruwys my silver tea kettle and lamp, 
and a mourning ring. 
Proved Oct. 15th, 1767. 

Notes. — Simon Worth of Washfield was the fourth son of John 
Worth of Worth, MP. for Tiverton, by his wife, Elizabeth Fuise. 
Testatrix was the dau. of Lydia, second daughter of Christopher 
Harris of Hayne, in the parish of Lifton, by Jane (Oliver?), his 
wife. The Revd. Samuel Harness was Rector of Washfield on the 
presentation, for that turn, of John Harris of Hayne ; he died in 1786. 

John Harris of Hayne, who was Master of the Household to 
George H. and George HI., died two days before his niece's Will was 
proved, 13th Oct., 1767. 

" The Hon. Mrs. Harris," his second wife, was a dau. of Francis 
Seymour, Lord Conway ; she died in 1774. 

The Revd. Arthur Harris was Rector of Lifton, and died in 1770. 

1769. Administration of the Goods of Elizabeth ^leacliin 
of Ciyst St. Mary's, deceased, granted to Elizabeth Giobs her 
daughter, wife of John Gibbs of Topsham, mariner. George 
Abraham Gibbs of Exeter, Joseph Paul of Thornecombe, and 
David Williams of Exeter, Sureties. 

Date of Grant, Septr. ist, 1769. 

Note. — Refer to P. C. C, Jan. 31st, 1795, George Abraham Gibbs. 
Nov. 3rd, 1778, John Gibbs. 


1778. A special Admon of the goods of Isaac Gibbs so far as 
concerned a term of years, sets forth that Indres of Lease and 
Release dated March 28th, 16S9, were made between Benjamin 
Oliver, Joseph his son, John Mercer of Ottery St. Mary, Thomas 
Brooking, Anthony Mapowder, and Isaac Gibbs, Margaret 
Prideaux of Soledon, widow, and Margaret Mercer, spinster, 
whom Joseph Oliver meant to marry, and did so marry, and did 
die leaving issue, Elizabeth, wife of William Williams of Exon., 
M.D. ; and that John Mercer, Thomas Brooking, and Anthony 
Mapowder died, and Isaac Gibbs survived, but died intestate, 
and that now there was no legal representative of Isaac Gibbs ; 
and that Admon was therefore granted as prayed. 

Date of Grant, 20th September, 1778. 

1785. The last Will of John Gattey of St. Sidwells, Exeter, j 

Baker. I 

He leaves his wife his property in said Parish, with remainder 

to his son Joseph. j 

He mentions certain furniture in the room in which his son ! 

Edward lodges. : 

He also mentions his daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Richard 1 

Hopkins, Susannah, wife of Shirley Woolmer, and Jemima j 

Gattey. | 

And his two sons, John and William Gattey. His grand- j 

children, Patience and John, children of the said John. He 1 

refers to his property in Paris Street, St. Sidwells. ! 

Dated 27th Dec, 1784. j 

Proved 31st Jan., 17S5. ] 

Notes. — The Gatteys are believed to have come to Exeter from 

The son, Edward Gattey, was a solicitor in Exeter, and was elected ; 
Town Clerk loth Sept., 1S14, resigned 1836. His daughter married 
Wm., only brother of Sir Francis Sykes, Bart., :7th Dec, 1821, at 
Lympstone. His brother Joseph followed the trade of a builder. John 
Gattey was of the Cricklepitt Mills, Exeter, and died 5th June, 1825. 
The Woolmers were long the proprietors of the Exeter an,f Plymouth 
Gazette. '1 he property in Paris St. is still known as " Gattey's Court." 


1786. Administration to the Effects of Elizabeth Mortimore 
of the City of Exeter, deed., intestate. Granted Feby. 9th, 1786, 
to Humphry Mortimore her husband. John Evans of the said 
City, Gentleman, and Robert Lewis, also of Exeter, " Wool 
Sorter," join the bond. 

1798. The last Will of Mary Carwithen of St. Sidwells, Exeter, 
April i8th, 1788. 

She bequeaths, inter alia, " Three family pictures in gilt frames" 
to the Revd. George Carwithen, and there are also legacies to 
the Chichester family of Hall. Proved July 28th, 179S. 

Note. — Some years ago, the Editor saw two or three pictures of 
the Carwithen family, by Sir Peter Lely, at Gidleigh Park, Chagfoni, 
and the owner, Mr. Whipham, told him that they had been given 
him by one of the sons of the late Revd. W. Carwithen, D.D., of 
Manaton Rectory, &c., &c. The Carwithens purchased the advowson 
of Manaton Rectory immediately after the Oreat RebeHion, and the 
Revd. W. Carwithen is still the Rector, 1892. 

1803. Administration to the Effects of Henry Fearce of the 
Parish of St. Kerrian and City of Exeter, late mercer, deceased. 
Granted to Benjamin Mardon, principal creditor, his wife 
Elizabeth having renounced. 

He seems to have left a child, also deceased since his death. 
Granted 23rd May, 1803. 

1806. Special Admon of the Goods of Anne Gibbs of Exeter, 
widow, so far as related to a term of years. It appears that she 
died intestate, that her husband, George Abraham Gibbs, was 
Exor. to Will of Lucy Waymouth, widow, dated Oct. 29, 1770, 
together with John Trehawke, in trust for Mary, Lucy, John, 
and George Waymouth, her children ; that Lucy Waymouth 
made a codicil, Jan. 4th, 1779, and died 17S1 ; that her children 
had long since attained the age of 21 ; that Timothy Kenrick, 
Clerk, had married Mary Waymouth, and died in his (G.-G.-G.'s) 
lifetime; that Thomas Kenrick died 1805, leaving a will dated 
June 17th, 1 80 1, and that John Trehawke died 1788. 

1827. Administration to the Effects of Robert Pierce, late 
of the City of Exeter, granted 30th Oct., 1827, to Mary his 
widow. Under ^^50. 


1878. The last Will of John Francis Worth of Worth 
House, in the Parish of Washfield, dated Nov. 7th, 1871. 

He leaves certain furniture and china at Worth to his wife, 
and certain old furniture there to his daughter. 

He mentions his brother, Francis Worth, as tenant in tail 
of Wychanger and Luckham, both in Somerset. He leaves 
these two estates in equal shares to his children, Reginald 
and Henrica. 

Exors., George Porter of Littleton Rectory, Chertsey, Surrey, 
Isabella my wife, and Henrica my daughter. 

Codicil, 15th May, 1872. He refers to the death of his 
brother Francis. He mentions that he is only tenant for life 
at Worth, and desires his son Reginald to allow his widow 
to remain there for three months after his death. 

Proved 30th July, 1878. Under £ipoo. 

Notes. — Tiie Worth wills included in this volume are all interesting, 
since they pertain to one of the oldest Devonshire County Fainilies. 

From the " Domesday Survey " of 1087, when Ralph of Worth 
held Worth under Wm. de PoUei, the elder line of Worth have been 
seated there in an unbroken succession down to the above Testator. 

Towards the end of the twelfth century, Sir Hugh Worthe of Worth, 
married Avis, daughter of his neighbour at Tiverton Castle, Richard 
de Redvers, third Earl of Devon. The eighth in descent from him 
married Margerie, daughter and co-heir of Hugh Beauch.nnp, about 
1385. By this marriage they acquired Beauchamp and other property 
ill Washfield, together with the Manor, and the Advowson of 
Washfield Church, which had belonged to the Abbots of Piympton, 
Alice Abbot having been grandmother of Margerie Beauchamp. 
Tlie fourth in descent from Thomas Worth and Margerie Beauchamp 
was Anthony Worth of Worth, alive 1523. Amerced at Tolnes Castle 
that year, Washfield Manor being held from the honour of Totnes. 

The above Testator, Mr. John Francis Worth of Worth, was ninth 
in direct descent from the said Anthony Worth. Mr. John F. Worth 
left two children, viz., the Revti. Reginald Worth, heir-in tail of 
Washfield, who married, but died without issue 12th March, 18S0. 
His sister Henrica, mentioned in the Will, was the wife of the Revd. 
Wm. Lloyd Jones, Rector of Washfield, who assumed the name of 
Worth by Royal license, 1882, and died January 8th, 1884. Worth 
House and Manor, with other property in Waslifield, were advertised 
for sale in 1887, when a portion was sold and realized ^20,000. 
In the following year, 1888, another advertisement appeared in the 
local papers, and the residue of the estate, togedier with Worth House 
(a fine old mansion rebuilt about the reign of Queen Anne), was 
knocked down to a Mr. Thomas (who had made a fortune in South 
.Africa), November 13th, 1888, for ^i^^ A portion of the 
old property was reserved by Mrs. Worth, who subsequently resided 
at " Beauchamp," and died there 1891. 



1563. Robert Thassell of Bulkeworthy, in Buckland Brewer, 
Husbandman, Dec. I2tli, 1563. He de.sire.s to be buried in 
the Church of Buckland. To daughter Ema "all the unoccupied 
vvoll the sheep bore this year," 5 - in mone)- & a canvas 

Residue to daughter Ales Thassall. 

Witnesses — Sir Thomas Moorecroughte, John Kurnaberie, 
Thomas King. 

Proved 2nd March, 1563 4. 

1565. William Tassell of Rose Ash, nth March, 1564. 
Desires to be buried in the Parish Church, to which he leaves 
3s. 4d. Legacies to William, John, Jane, and Ann Payne. 

Halfendale of goods to wife Margaret, and the other moiety 
to Sons John and Anthony. Wife and two Sons Joint 

Rulers, Alexander Tasle and Henry Vicarie. lis testibus. 

Proved 14th Jany., 1565. 

1565. Laurence Tossell of Tawstke (Tawstock), i6th Sept., 
1564. He desires to be buried in Holy Grave. "To my 
four daughters twenty marks in money to be divided equally 
amongst them, that is, to every one of them £1 6s. 8d.," and 
" to each two dishes performed & a hiefer a-pice." 

To Son William, " six sylver spoones, after the death ot 
my wife." 

To John Powe 4d, and 'to y" pore mens box /i2d. 


To Philip Cradocke a yeo. Residue to wief Ciiristian, 
who is Sole Executrix." 

Witnesses — John Combe, " Curat," Lewis Cradocke, John 
Comer, Richard Bond, with others. 

Proved 27th Jul)', 1565. 

1565. Roger Worthe of Barnstaple, Gentleman, dated 28th 
Sept., 1564. He desires to be buried in Barum Ch., "in the 
Isle of the Blessed Lady as near my wyffe Joan Worthe as 
may be." 

To daughter Johane ten " Portugueses which my mother 
Webber gave m-"," also the Tenement, &c,, given me by Henry 
Webber and Margerie, his wife. To Grace Worthe, my 
daughter, seven butts of Sacke and one of Malmsey, and the 
best bed standing in Mistress ffynnels chamber. To daughter 
Elizabeth and to John Smale " which by the grace of God 
shall marry her," and to their first child, a tenement " I bought 
of John Braiiple of Langtre." 

To son Pawle Worthe " my best govvne of scarlet furred 
with ' fewnes,' my gowne of crymsone ingrayne faced with 
white satten, my doublett of blacke velvett agged with 
golde, my tippett of velvett," together with sundry " hangings," 
and my saile of Armes which I doe seal withall, and my blessing 
if he be good to my tenants." 

To son Walter my ring of golde. 

Residue to said Walter, who is sole Executor. He gives 
his father, Roger Worthe, an annuity of 13/4 "for four years 
next coming." To the " Spythall house of Pylton & to the 
Alms House of Barum, 53/4, by the Parson of Marwood. 

Proved 27th July, 1565. 

Notes. — Testator was nephew of John Worthe of Compton, and 
first cousin of John Worthe of Crediion, whose Will was proved 
in the Principal Registry on the 4th June, 1596 (which see). He 
was M.P. for Barnstaple, 1553, and was ancestor of the Worths of 
Timbcrscombe, Co. Someiset. 

His mention of his "Mother Webber," and of his father, "Roger 
Worthe," proves, conclusively, that the Heralds carelessly omitted a 
generation at the Visitation of 1564 as they make him son, instead of 
Grandson, of Otlio Worthe of Compton. His wife was Joan Drew. 


1565. John Toker of North Molton, 24th July, 1565. To 
be buried in " y= Church earth " of sd. parish. To the 
Church /i2d. "To the poor mens chest" /'i2d. To 
the poor of parish 6s. 8d. To son, Edmund " Tooker," 
six little silver spoons, two oxen, the best " weyne," and 
a brass "pott," "according to my promise on his marriage." 
To son Wm. " Tooker," a table board, six silver spoons, &c. 
To son John, best yearling and three sheep. To son Peter, 
a sheep. " Item — to Thomas his (Peter's) son, a yearling." 
To Owen Smith, the great " standerd," and to his daughter, 
a yerling. To my " servant," a calf To daughter Alice, the 
residue of "my'' puter vessels. Residue to his "rulers," for 
the use of daughters Alice and Mar)-, if they marry with their 
permission. Exor., son William. Rulers, brothers William 
and John Tooker. Overseers, John Slader and Wm. Smith. 

Witnesses, John Gred, 'Vicar, and said Overseers. 

Proved I2th Sept., 1565. 

1566. Thomas Toker of Trentishoe, .-^.D. 1566. He desires 
to be buried in " Holy Turf," and makes his brother John 
Toker of Dene, in the parish of Torrington (Trentishoe ? ) 
Universal Legatee and Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, Phillipe Miller, John Hancocke, Dav\-e Howill, 
and Nicholas Thorne. 

Proved 3rd Dec, 1566. 

Note — See i6th Sept., 1573, Post. 

1 567. Walter Toker of " Rovvby," in the parish of Parracombe, 
28th Nov., 1565. He desires to be buried there, and gives 
to the Church, 3/4. To daughter Joan, i;'22, and a kirtell. 
To daughter Richorde, £6 at her marriage or at the age of 14. 
To John Spearman, a mare. Residue to son Robert Tokar, 
who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, John Toker, Thomas Harris. 

Proved 3rd April, 1 567. 


1566. The last Will of Walter Carew of Great Torrington, 
dated 9th Nov., 1566. He bequeaths his gown of Black fur to 
George Furlong, and leaves the residue to his wife Joane, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Proved 13th Oct., 1566. 

Note.— This Walter Carew finds no place in any of the printed 
Carew Pedigrees. 

1566. The last Will of David Melhuish, 13th Aug., 1563. 
He desires to be buried at Knowstone, and leaves sinall sums to 
the poor box there, and to that of Cruse Morchard. 

" Item to John Comyn my gray Coat." Residue to wife 
Johan, who is Joint Executrix with Philip Shapcott. 

Proved 13th Sept., 1566. 

1567. Margaret Tassell, widow of Ayshe (Rose Ash) 
26th Dec, 1567. 

To ■' Mary Payne my daughter's daughter one yeo sheepe." 
The same to Johane, daughter of John Voysie the younger. 

Residue to two Sons, John and Anthony Tassell, who are 
joint Exors. 

Rulers, John Voysie the elder, and John Crocker. 

Witnesses, John Voysie and John Laneman, "with others." 

Proved 3rd Feby., 1567. 

1567. Christian Towker commends her body to Holy Grave 
in the Church yard of Washford, and leaves to the poor men's 
box there -/12. To Thamesin Tooker of Washford, widow, "my 
other best petticoat & two kerchiefs." To Annie Pope, " my 
petticoat & a pair of chamblet." To four poor men to bear my 
body to Washford -/i- each. Residue to " Sir Edward Croke," 
who is Sole Executor. 

Dated 12th Aug., 1567. 

Witnesses, Matthew Pope, Richard Bright. 

Proved 7th Jany., 1567. 


1567. Johane Towker of Bratton, widow, 26th March, 1565. 
Gives her body to " Hallowed grave." To poor men's box -/2. 
To dau., Alice Baker, "best kirtell," 12 sheep, second best red 
petticoat, and Sylver girdle. To daughter Margaret Towker, 
"a podger (porringer) and a platter." 

Residue to son John Towker and daughter Margaret, who are 
Joint Exors. 

Witnesses, " Sir John Snowe " and John Dallynge. 

Proved 27th Feby., 1567. 

1568. John Toker of Marvvood, Husbandman, 2nd April, 
1565. To be buried in Marwood Church. To maintenance of 
said Church, i Sheep. To son John, " after the lord's f\'ned of 
his hariotte," all plough stock and plough gere, "with a guyldiiig 
and Mare," and after the decease of " Eme his mother," a Table 
bord, 2 Bushels of wheat, and 6 quarters of " Otes." To Margaret, 
John, and Katherine, children of the said John, "each of them 
a heffar." To " Charity, their sister, my yeos." To John Roger, 
a cow, and to Margaret Roger, 6/8. To son Richard ;^20, " in 
peny & penyworth.'' To Johan Reyd, " my servant," " 3 fleeses 
of woll." To poor man's box -/12. To daughter-in-law Anstie, 
" a dish performed." To John Whitbere -/14. Residue to wife 
Eme, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, John Marwood, Esq., Geffry Ciipit, Gierke, Roger 
Nycholl, and John Whitbere. 

Proved 22nd July, 1568. 

1568. John 'XooVex, alias Orcharde, of " Frethelstoke,'' i6th 
April, 1568. To be buried in the Church of " Frethelstocke." 
To the poor there -/12. To son William £^ 13s. 4d. and 2 
silver spoons, and one little Cupboard now with son-in-law John 
Morrish. To son John Tooker the younger £6 13s. 4d. and 2 
silver spoons. To son-in-law John Pep £6 13s. 4d. " if the said 
John Pep as like his bargaine that he now dwelleth in to Johane 
my daughter nowe his wief or elles any other as good as that 
holye to herself." Also one little pan, &c. To John Morrish, a 
folding board. 


Residue to John Tooker, alias Orchard the elder, who is ! 
Sole Exor. j 

Witnesses, William Williams, Clerk, Curate, and James ', 

Proved 2nd June, 1568. 

1569. Harrie Toker of Cholocombe-raley, Husbandman, 
15th Aus^., 1562. 

To daughter Johan, i^20. To daughter Agnes, wife of Wm. 
Norman, 6/8. To daughter Richorde, wife of Humphry Borrowe, 
3/4. To the poor men's box -/12. Residue to wife Margaret, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Robert and Thomas Sniythe, and Hugh Folker. 

Proved 14th March, 1569. 

1572. Thomas Tocker, <2/?'a.f Tanner of Kings Nyton (Kings 
Nympton), 6th Sept., 1570. To be buried in the parish Church. 
To daughter Wilmot Sanger, best brazen pot and i dish per- 
formed. To Thomasine Sanger, 6 " yowes." To John Borde, 
6 sheep. To the poor of the parish -/12. To Martha and 
Jackett, daughters of John Sanger, " one sheep apiece." To 
servant, Robert Coblye, one sheep. Residue to wife Agnes, who 
is Sole Executrix. 

Trustees, John Tossell and John Snowe. 

Witnesses, Richard Lucke, Thomas Gryffen. 

Proved loth April, 1572. 

1572. John Tomer, alias Toker, of Chumleigii, Husbandman, 
19th March, 1571. 

To the children of daughters Elizb. Snowe, Cysslye "Davide," 
Johan Downinge, and Agnis Hoper, one cowe and one yarlinge 
to be equally divided between them. To son-in-law John 
" Davye," " my best cote," and to his wyeff a " thrumich 
coverlett." To Thomas, son of said John Davye, " my best 
jerkyn & my white hose." Residue to wife Elizabeth Torner, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Two Trustees, John Snowe and John Hathewell. 

Proved 19th May, 1572. 


1572. John Toocker of Keiitisbury. Bequests to sons, 
John the elder, John the younger, Edward, Phillip, Thomas, 
and to daughters Thomasine and Johane. To a second dau. 
Thomasine, " the elder," he leaves " one cow if she be ordered 
& ruled by her friends at her marriage." 

To George, son of Wm. " Toker," i silver spoon. 

To the Church, i sheep, and to Wm. Hustote, /4d. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. 

Two Trustees, who witness, viz., Wm. Harris and Wm. 

Dated 13th Feby., 1571. 

Proved 17th June, 1572. 

1573. John Toker of Dene in the parish of Trentishoe, 14th 
March, 1572. 

To daughter Elin, a brazen pan, and a brazen crocke. To 
daughter Johane, the same. To son John, /I2d. To Son 
William, /4d. To sons Richard and Walter, all goods 
moveable and immoveable after their mother's death. Residue 
to wife Ellin, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Robert Stephens, Clerk ; Philip Knyle, and Robert 
Toker ; the last two are Trustees, and have /4d. each. 

Proved i6th Sept., 1573. 

1575. John "Towker" of West Downe, 28th Aug., 1575. 
He leaves to John " Tocker," " my Sonne & Enymy," 4 oxen 
with all the plough geare, and " all my wrytinges and 
evydenccs." To son Peter, a heifer, &c. To daughter Johane, 
a heifer calf. To daughter Thomasine, 3 yeos. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executrix. 

Trustee, Wm. Bright, Vicar of West Downe. 

Witnesses, Walter Fosse, John Headen, & Thomas Yeard. 

Proved 13th Sept., 1575. 

Note. — Towards the end of the will the word "enymy," as applied 
to Testator's eldest son, is erased, and the word " hyeare " substituted. 
Perhaps by the care of the good vicar of West Downe. 


1580. The last Will of John Killond of Lapford, Husband- 
man, dated 23rd May, 22nd Elizabeth. To be buried on the 
north side of Lapford Church. To poor, 20/- to be distributed 
by John Rudge, Gent", and Richard Killand. " Item, in 
consideracion that my son Lawrence Killand is of himself 
indewed with but small witt or knowledge, and not well able 
to governe himself with any porcion of goods," " My will is 
that my kinsman Richard Killand shall deliver to John Rudge 
of Morchard Bishop, Gent"", and to John Killond of Down 
St. Mary, Yeoman, the sum of ^40," in trust for maintenance 
nf said son Lawrence, unless Richard Killand elects to provide, 
himself, for him. Legacies to servants, Margery Killand, 
Nicholas Thorne and " Ann," and to godson Mychell Rudge. 
Residue to kinsman Richard Killand, who is Sole Exor. 

Overseers, John Rudge and John Killand. 

Proved, 20th June, 1580. 

Sum ;^i8o. 

159!. Alexander Sanger, of Mariansleigh. To son, John 
Sanger the younger, " My Table bord, my selyiig, and my 
coboard, after the death of my wife yf neither of us both 
have not nede to sell it for y« maintenance of ourselves." 
To son Henry Sanger, six silver spones and my great 
brazen panne. Residue to wife Joane, who is Sole Executrix. 

My Sonne Henry Sanger doth owe me £a^ 

John Sanger the younger doth owe me 40/-. 

Thomas Sanger, my son, doth owe me 40/-. 

Admin, granted to Joan Sanger, the Executrix, 8th April, 

Sum £12 9s. 

161 3. The last Will of John Sanger the Elder of King's- 
Nympton. He desires to be buried in the Parish Church 
and " with a Sermon to be preached to the poor " for which 
he leaves 3/. 

" To each of my children /6d." 

To son John Sanger, " 4 new bordes that lye in the Stable." 
To son Robert Sanger and to Marye his wife, "One byrding 
piece, I collyver, and one crosse bowe, with their furniture." 


To each grandchild /6d. To John Downe, " my daughter's 
son," 3/4. To John and Elinore Tomb, alais Yelmacole, 3/4. 
To Lewis Tossell, 3/4 and a coffer containing one bushell or 
thereabouts. To Agnes, daughter of John Sanger the younger, 
3/4. Residue to wife Wilmot, who is Sole Executrix. 

Overseers, " Brother " John Bulleid, John Sanger, Thos. 
Richards, and Franci.s Southerne, with /2od. each, these being 

Debts owed. " Item, I owe to my son-in-law Thomas 
Tassell, i,S. John Bulleid, 42/-. To Agnes Tassell, widow, 

Sum As iSs- 8d. 

Dated 21st April. Proved lOth June, 1613. 

1615. The last will of William Hamlyn the elder of 
Woolsery, 23rd July, 1615. 

To Parish Church, 36/4. To godson W'". Hamlyn, 20/5. 
To Wiilmett and Elizabeth Hamlyn 10/- each. To god- 
daughter Willmott Denis, 20/6 ; and to " all the rest of 
Hugh Denis's Children 10/6 each." To sister-in-law Wilmett 
Hamlyn, 10/6. To Jane, wife of John Stifyn, io/6d. Residue 
"To Isutt Hamlyn my darter." 

Witness, Robert Hamlyn. 

Proved 1st December, 1615. 

Note. ^.Ancestor of the Hamlyn-Williams' of Clovelly, Barts. He is 
described thus : " The inventory of W" Merswill " (the name of his 
residence) "alias Hamlyn of Woulfardisworthie, Husbandman, taken by 
Thomas Prust, Gentleman, Robert Praunce, W"' Hamlyn, & John 
Stevens, i" Dec, 16 15. 

Sum ^49 1 6s. 4d." 

1616. Johan Densham of Lapford, widow, 27th Feb., 1616. 
To eldest son, Richard Densham, all moveables, &c. To 
son John, six silver spoons. To son Richard's daughters 
Mary and Richord, and to his son Richard, small bequests. 
She leaves the Chattell lease of Trendlebury for the main- 
tenance of sister Alice, with reversion to said son Richard 
and his heirs. 

Residite to said son John Densham, who is Sole Executor. 
Proved 29th Oct., 161 8. 

62 DEl-ONSlllRli WILLS. 

1618. Richard Harton of Barnstaple, nth May, 1618. 
Mentions his brother Robert and step- daughter Anne 
Clotworthy, god-daughter Mary Gill, Apprentice Agnes 
Symons, friends John Harrett and John Gill, who are 
witnesses and overseers. He has leasehold land under 
Humphrey Colman of Tiverton. 

E.xecutrix, his wife Thomasine. 

Proved 5th August, 1618. 

1618. Phillipe Fetor of Rackenford, Husbandman. To 
son Robert, all his wearing apparel, and to his two children 
2/- each. To son John, 2/-, and to John, his son, 2/-. To 
son-in-law George Vicarye, i Bushel 1 of Rye. To wife 
Johane, 2 plator dishes. To Margaret Pettor, all household 
stuff. Residue to wife Johan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 20th April, 161 5. 

Witness, John Pettor. 

Proved 19th May, 1618. 

Sum £<^ 5s. 

1625. Administration to the effects of Mary Tossell, late 
of Tawstocke, granted to Simon, her son, 22nd June, 1625. 
Sum ;^5 IS. 8d. 

1627. Johan Tossell of Brendon, Widow. To the poor 
there, /i2d. To son W"". Locke, /i2d. To son Bartholomew 
Tossell, /i2d. To son Henry Tossell, 5/-. To son Andrew 
Tossell, 5/-. To daughters Christian " Hurfer," 10/- ; Johan 
Bowden, 10/- ; Wilmot Richards, 10/ . To grandchildren 
Richard, George, Johan, Agne.=, and Thonisine, children of 
Richard Bowden ; Elizabeth, Richard, Andrew, and Mandlyn, 
children of David Richards; Wilmot and Ellen, children of 
Thomas Bowden, small bequests. Residue to son-in-law 
Richard Bowden, who is Sole Executor. 

Witnesses, Bart^ Mayne, Hugh Siieper, Hugh Brooke. 

Proved 13th February, 1627. 

Sum £ap 13s. 8d. 


1639. Administration to the effects of Johin Tossell of 
King's-Nympton, granted to Christian, his wife, nth February, 

Extract from Inventory of Effects of Deceased, made 14th 
January, 1639. 

Item, 3 sylver spoones, i sj-lver boule, and 4 candlesticks, 


One chattle lease for years on the death of Samuel, John, 
and George Tossell in a Tenement at King's-Nympton, ^35. 

Another lease on the lives of son John Tossell, Sara and 
Cicile Tossell, lands in King's-N}-mpton, £i\2. 

Specialty, Debts, &c., ^1291 2s. 4d. 

1639. The last Will of VVilHam Hamlyn the elder of 
Woolfardisworthy, Yeoman, 9th February, 1637. 

"John Hamlyn my son to have all my estate in Clifford" 
(in said Parish) " and the lease thereof, demised and granted 
by Thomas Prust, of the said Parish, Gentleman, for 99 years 
on lives of son John and daughter Martha." 

He leaves wife Grace, Estate of 9 acres called Trew, 
determinable on lives of said son John and daughters Elizabeth 
and Mary. To dau. Thomazine Hamlyn, an annuity of 48/-. 
To dau. Grace and son William, /4d. each. To aforesaid 
daughter Martha, £20; at iS she gives /4d. each to 
daughter Margaret H. Wilmott, wife of Hugh Braund, and 
Elizabeth, wife of John How. Residue to wife Grace, who 
is Sole Executrix. 

Overseers, " brothers" Anthony Hamlyn of Hartland, and 
Richard Bishop of Rradworthx-. 

Proved 5th March, 1639. 

1640. Christian Tossell of "King Nympton," Widow, 13th 
July, 1640. Bequests for repair of Parish Church, 10/- ; to 
poor, 13/4, and to poor of Romansleigh and of Nymet 
St. George, 3/4. To godchildren of deceased husband, 
John Tossell, /I2d. To daughters Sara and Cecill, ;£"200 
each. To son George, a certain Messuage in Nymet St. 


George and ^^250, with remainder to son John. Mentions 
daughter Sara's grandmother, " Katherine Furse." To cousin 
John Bryant, I Ewe Siieep. To cousin Andrew Richards 
20/-. To kinsman John Hager, Sen^, /6d., and to each 
of his children, /i2d. To brothers-in-law Richard and 
Bartholomew Tossell, 5/-, and to sister-in-law Demos Tossell, 
20/-. To god-daughter Johan, dau. of said Bartholomew, 5/-. 
" To each of my Cousins, Children of my Brother " George Furse, 
/i2d. each. To cousin Katherine, daughter of late brother 
John Furse, one ewe sheep. To cousins Christian and George, 
children of said brother George Furse, i ewe sheep each. To 
cousin Thomas Tossell of Worlingtoii, 10/- ; to god-daughter 
and cousin Christian Luke, one Ewe Sheep. Her husband 
is stated to have been Exor. of John Hutchings and of 
Nicholas and Edmund Holland. Residue to said son John 
Tossell, who is Sole Exor. Trustees, John Pawle of Great 
Heale, Gentm., and Nicholas BuUeid of Romansleigh, and 
George Furse her brother with 3/- each. 

Witnesses, Nicholas Bulleid. 
John ffures. 

Proved 30th Sept., 1640. 

Note. — Refer to nth February, 1639. 

1640. Extract from Inventory ot effects of Deceased made j 

1 1 til Aug., 1640. I 

" Item I hower glass, i Bible & other bool<s, S/-. ] 

Item 3 silver spoones,* i Silver boule & 4 candlesticks, 45/-." | 
Sum of personalty, ^1284 us. 

1641. The last Will of Richard Toker of Great Torrington, 
" Inkeeper." To the poor of the parish ^3. To brother 
Christopher Toker " one spruce chest & my best cloke," one 
jug "with a sylver — and a sylver cover." To kinswoman 
Katherine, daughter of said Christopher Toker, " i Brasse 
pan," &c. To Mary, daughter of said Christopher and wife 

* Rerei 10 InvenlOry cif John Tossell, I Itli Feliruary, 1639. 

DE I -ONSH/A'E 1 1 7/. I.S. „5 

of Brute Cole, another brass pan. To Aiii}-, daughter of 
Brute Cole, a sylver spoone. To kinsman Stephen Tooker, 
a standing bedstead and "one sylver salte gilte." To Richard, 
daughter of said " Steven, a sylver spoone.'" To kinsman Hugji 
Tucker, sen., a standing bedstead. To Richard, his sone. a 
middle sized brass crocke. To kinswoman Joan Moysey 40/-. 
To Mary, wife of Richard Shorte, 40/-. To John Toker my 
kinsman. Glover, 40/- ; Lancellot Lange 5/- ; Mabley Toker, 
widow, 5/-; Peter Toker, " Oackhamptoii, Cordwainer," 10- 
("my kindsnian"). To his brother Roger 5/-. To Marke 
Lange and his brother, 5/- apiece to each of iheni. To god-sou 
William, son of William Cornish of Little Torrington, " one 
sylver plate & one s}-lver spoone.' To brother Wm. Toker, 
a standing bed. To Samuel, son of .said William, two s\-Ivei 
spoones. To servant 10/-. 

Residue, " the seahng of m>- house excepted & tiie speiice 
in the parlour & hall, which I leave to W" Cornish," to " my 
wile Johane," who is Sole Executri.x. 

Trustees, Arthur Dromant and Wm. Tucker. 

Witnesses, George Bray and Richarel Swade. 

Dated 26th July, 1640. Proved Jtii April, 1641. 

Sum £71 I2S. lod. 

Note. — The original of this will was in an excessively decayed 
condition, and only decipherable with a great deal of care and trouble, 
when I examined it in 188 1. I have, therefore, given a very full 
abstract for the sake of preserving the names mentioned therein. 

1644. Administration to the effects of Hugh Toocker of 
Bratton Fleming, Granted i6th Oct., 1644, to Robert Ccillins 
in the minority of Anthony Toocker, son of deceased. 

Sum £},l 15s. 8d. 

Enclosed with the papers is a scrap, with the following 
memorandum : — 

Edward )•= son of Hugh Tooker was baptized ye 16''' Aprill, 

Anthony „ „ „ „ 22"^^ Jany, 1632. 

Richard ,, „ „ „ iq"" Jul}'- 1640. 

66 DE I -OXSH/RE Wll. I. S. 

1645. Henry Saunders of Chittlehampton, 13th May, 17th 
Chas. I., 1642. 

To daughter Ann Wollacott, 2nd best pan and one pewter 
dish. To daughter Johane Ley, ,?nd best crocke. Similar 
bequests and trifling sums of money to daughter Agnes 
Wollacott ; to Henry, son of Symon Wollacott ; to Arthur, 
son of Philip Wollacott ; to John Saunder ; to Ann, daughter 
of Symone Wollacott. To Mar)', daughter of John Ayre, 
£^, to be put to the best increase during her minority, with 
remainder, in case of deatii, to Elizabeth, dau. of Arthur 
Saunder, and Ann, dau. of Symone Wollacott. 

Mentions land in Estacott, which he holds by assignment 
from son Arthur. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole P2xecutrix. 

Overseers, Arthur Saunder and Symone Wollacott. 

Proved lOth April, 1645. 

Sum £i\ 3s. 6d. 

1669. William Tucker of Clannaburrough in y^ Co. of 
Devon, i8th May, 1668. 

To wife " Agnis " ^10. To son Thomas ;^6o. To son 
Joim £\0, a great brasse pot and a chafin dish. To daughters, 
Phillip, wife of Phillip Sharbrooke, £\o, and Agnes, wife of 
William Wreafurd, £\o. To John, son of Philip Sharbrooke, 
£\0. To Win., son of Thomas Tucker, £^. To Mary, 
daughter of William Wreaford, ^^5. To all children s children 
now born, 20/-, " to be bestowed in sheep." To William, son 
of John Tuclcer, ^^^5. Residue to sons Robert and William 
Tucker, who are Joint E.xors. 

Witnesses, Henry Quicke, Ann and Roger Maunder. 

Sum £4Ti 4=. 

Proved 2nd Oct., 1669, 

1677. The last uill of Philpott Bowdon of East Ashford, 
Widow, 2nd Feby., 17th Charles 2nd. To son James Bowdon 
40/-. To James and Marie Bowden, his children, 10/-. She 

DErONSHIKh wirts. 67 

leaves her leasehold house at Ashford to her daughter Mary 
Bowden, who is residuary legatee and Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Edwd. Score and Edwd. Score, jun. 

Act missing. Proved 1677. 

i68i. Administration to the eft'ects of Hugh Raltenbur>', 
late of Wiiiklcigh. Granted to Mary Rattenluiry of Monck 
Okehampton, widow, and to Hugh Raitenbury of the same, 
wool-comber. 7th May, 1681. 

Sum ;^28o Ss. 

1690. John Tossell, sen., of King's-Nympton, Yeoman, 
l8th Oct., 1687. To the poor there 10'-. To children John, 
George, and Katherine Tossell, 5/- each. To John, son of 
said George Tossell, one heifer ; the same to grandchild 
Elizb. Thorne. To grandchild Elizb. Bulleid 20,-. To 
kinsman Walter Tossell and Elizabeth his sister 5/-. To 
Thomas, their brother, one ewe. Residue to daughter Christian, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, John Treble, Henry Thorne, Mar\- Speare. 

Act of Court missing. In Calendar, as proved May gth, 

Armorial Seal — An Eagle displayed -with 2 necks. 

Note. — These are the Arms of Worthe of Worth, in Washfield. co. 

1691. The last Will of Thomas Gearing of Bideford, Mer- 
chant, 17th Nov., 1690. 

£6 to the poor, and legacies to 3 servants. To wife Johan 
Gearing, .^50, and his house in Conduit Lane. To his grand- 
children Sarah and Hannah, daughters of son Abraham Gearing. 
£200 each. 

He leaves his estates in Bideford and Woolfardisworthy to 
his said son Abraham and his heirs male, together with the 
Residue ; he is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, Sanil. Denard, Robert Halswcrthy, Wm. Kelly, 
and Christopher Prust. 

Proved 3rd Oct., 1 69 1. 

68 ]^E\\)NSHIKE U'JiJ.S. 

1694. Mary "Saunders" of Chittlehampton, Widow, 26th 
Sept. 169— (obliterated). Mentions her daughter Susan Ley, 
and granddaughter Mary Ley (under age), grandson Edward 
Ley (under age), daughter-in-law John (Joan ?) Saunders, grand- 
children John, Edward, and John (Joan ? ) Saunders. Residue 
to son Edward S., who is sole Exor. 

Proved June 2nd, 1694. 

1698. The last Will of Thomas Alclhuish of Morchard 
Cruse, 1 8th Jany., 1696. 

To wife Joan an annuity of £S>, and bedstead and bed in 
middle chamber, and chest in the parler. The said " parler " 
to be "at her use" together with the little orchard on the 
west side of the Moor. To daughter, Katherine Dayment, 
i^20. Bequests to " my five children " Thomas, Fferdinando, 
Joan Roberts, Mary Brooke, and Katherine Dayment — "one 
guinea of gold each." 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. Trustees, sons 
Thomas and Ferdinando, and son-in-law, Nehemiah Brooke. 

Witnesses, Jno. Sowdon, George Bodley. 

Proved 9th July, 1698. 

1G99. The last Will of Thomas Melhuish of Morchard 
Cruse, Husbandman, 2nd Dec, 1694. To the poor of the 
parish 10/-. To sister Katherine Ley lo/-. To sister Alice 
Gennej' 10/-. Bequests to Benjamin Budgood jun., and to 
Joan Mugff)rd. Residue to brother Richard, who is Sole 

Witnesses, John Norrish, John Yeoinge, Grace Yoning, his 

Proved 8th Dec, 1699. 

1708. John Saunder the elder, of ChittIeham[)ton, Yeoman, 
I7tli March, 1707. To wife Margaret, a feather bed in the 
parlour chamber, and a house at Blackwall, a bond of £^0, 
part of her marriage portion, and a cupboard in the house 
at Eastacote. Daughter Margaret ;^40O at 21. 


Son John Saiinder, all rents, remainders, services, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments in said parish of Chittlehampton, 
and also in St. Giles' and Yearnscombe, to him and the 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten for ever ; said son John 
has residue and is Sole Exor. 

Desires friends Robert Amory of South Molton and 
Joshua Bawden of the same, to assist Exor. 

Witnesses, Geo. Remfry, Edmond Saunder, and Grace Cole. 

Proved by E.Kor. /-th May, 170S. 

1715. The last Will of Thomas Melhuish of Cruwys 
Morchard, 22nd Maj-, 1714. To Jane his wife, "The Bed- 
steed, &c., in the Middle Chamber and the Chest that hath 
drawers in it in the Hall Chamber." 

To sons, Thomas 10 '-, Ffardinando £"30, Richard ^^40 ; to 
daughters Jane and Dorothy IMelhuish £Afi each. 

To said daughter Jane " my gold ring," and to Dorothy 
20/- " to bu)' her one." 

To son John right, &c., in Vincent Dall\'s Estate in 
parish of Poughill. 

To poor of Cruse Morchard, 10 -. 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, Humphrey Knistone. 
Jno. Cnttihole. 

Proved 6th June, 171 5. 

Note. — Testator was eldest son and heir ^A Thomas Melhuish of 
Hill in Cruse Morchard; born 1603, Will proved 169S.— See above. 
He married, 1647, Jane, daughter of Charies Courtenay of Molland, 
descended from Sir Philip, second son of Sir Philip Courtenay of 
Powderham ; hence his issue had descent from Edward I. through 
Bohun. Arms of Melhuish of Hill, arg., on a bend engrailed sa , three 
fleur-de-lis of the field ; a quarter, erm., charged with a martlet in base 
and in middle chief point a dagger az., hilted or. A Melhuish is said 
to have pulled the dagger from Prince Edward's arm, .a.d. 1271, when 
the Princess, Eleanor of Castile, sucked the poison from her husband's 


1722. The last will of Joshua Tucker of Tawstock, 
Gentleman, 6th Januarw 1719 He desires to be buried in 
High Bickington Church near his father's monument, a stone 
to be placed over his grave with an inscription showing 
his age and date of death, and with the single other word 
" Resurgam." " Whereas I did long since receive about £2^ 
on the brief for Newmarket, which by reason of the death, 
of the person who employed me and to whom I was to 
pay it, and for several other reasons, although I was always 
willing to have paid it, is yet in my hands," " I order 
and desire my Executor to pay the sum of £'i,0 by way 
of restitution to such person or persons as shall have power 
to receive it, or else to the Chief Magistrate and Minister 
there as soon as possible after my death." To the poor 
of High Bickington £a,o, the interest to be distributed 
among them every Christmas Day for ever " by the Rector 
and Church-Wardens, who I hope will see that it is neither 
lost or embczzelled." To my " deare sister" Mrs. Worth, 
" a silver cupp with two handles and a cover, on which 
cupp my coat of arms is engraven," a five pound guinea 
of King Charles H., and also a diamond ring, the said ring to 
revert to her eldest living daughter. To her three daughters 
£21 each to be spent in plate, if they so please, in remembrance 
of. me. To Major John Worth, my long cane with a silver 
liead in which is my cypher, and a large mourning ring, 
which was for my late brother Worth, enameled with thigh 
bones and deaths heads, which I desire him to wear in 
remembrance of me. To servant, George Miles, £2 2s., and 
all my linen and woollen apparel, excepting my flowered silk 
morning gown and cap and six shirts to be chosen by my 
Executor, if he pleaseth. To the rest of my servants ;£\ is. 
each. Residue to nephew Thomas Worth, Clerk, who is Sole 

Proved May, 1722. 

Armorial Seal — " Arg. on a bend engr"*, 3 body hearts." 

Note. — The Rev. Thomas Worth was son of Henry Worth of 
Worth, by his second wife, Dorothy Bampf\lde of Poltimore. He 
married Margaret Tucker of High Bickington, 28th Dec, 1674 fMar. 
Lie), and died 171 1. He was also Rector of Washfield. 


1723. Arthur Saunder, tlie elder, of Chittlehampton, Yeo- 
man, 22nd May, 1722. 

To son John Saunder, and to kinsman William Sniale of 
Chittlehampton, a sum in trust for daughter Elizabetii, wife 
of James Finney. To children of son Anthons- Saunder, 
Mary, Elizb., John, and Arthur, ^"'lOO each, issuant out of 
lands and out of a quarry and estate called Higher Collacott. 
Son Anthony to have this propeity subject to said charge, 
to revert to his son Anthon)-, with remainder to latter's 
younger brothers John and Arthur, and then to sisters Mary 
and Elizabeth, or to right heirs, etc. He leaves Lower 
Collacott and New Park, saving the right of John Brajly, to 
.said grandsons Arthur and John. He mentions his grand- 
children, Catherine, wife of Charles Nation (formerly Finne}-), 
and James Finnc)-. He also bequeaths lands in South 
Molton to grandson John S. and his heirs. Residue to son 
Anthon}', who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 19th April, 1723. 

1725. Administration to the eft'ects of Arthur Saunder of 
Chittlehampton, granted 7th May, 1725, to George Saunder. 
Agnes Saunder and William Earh' join the Bond 

1725. Administration to the effects of Anthony "Saunders," 
of Chittlehampton, granted to Elizabeth, his widow, 4th 
February, 1725. John "Saunders" of Newton, in said parish, 
gentleman, and Mary "Saunders" of same, spinster, join in 

1725. The Last Will of Margaret Rolle, daughter of Sir 
John Rolle of Stevenstone, Knight, 24th Oct , 1725. 

She gives to her god-daughter Lucia, daughter of John Rolle, 
Esqr., 16 broad pieces of old gold. To Bain>taple Charity 
School ^^^5. To niece Florence, daughter of Sir Bourchier Wrey, 
Bart., fifty broad pieces of gold to " buy a jewel or other 
remembrance of her." To nephew Henry Rolle, white 
cornelian seal. Residue to John Rolle of Stevenstone and 

72 DEVONSIUKE 11'/ U.S. 

Chichester Wrey, Clerk, Rector of Tawstock, in trust for 
said niece Florence Rolle. If said Florence die in minority 
without issue, the family pictures, plate, and china belonging 
to Testatrix are to be reserved, and the residue of the 
estate sold and the proceeds spent either in erecting a 
Charity School, or as Trustees may direct. She desires to 
he buried privately and at night at Tawstoclc, in the grave 
of her brother, Charles Rolle, eight old women to be her 
beirers, who are to have 5/- each. 
Proved 26th Nov., 1725. 

1729. The last Will of John of Morchard 
Bishop, 4th April, 1729. 

To daughter Jane Pounsford, IO/6. To Thomas Densham 
"and his now wife," 5/-. To John Densham " my son" and 
his now wife, s/-. To son Robert Densham, 5/-. To daugliters 
Marj' James and Sarah Godsland, and to all grandchildren, 
small bequests. 

To son William Densham, Right in Stone Park. 

Residue to said William Densham, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 3rd January, 1729. 

1 73 1. John Saunder of Newton in Chittlchanipton. He 
mentions his brother Anthony's children, Mary, Elizabeth, 
John, and Arthur, and his brother Arthur's children, ]\1ary, 
Anne, and Arthur. 

" Cousin " George Saunder, " the fee and inheritance of 
3rd part of ' Collacot ' to be continued with Newton, and 
to his son John after him." To cousin James Finney ^5, 
" in trust for his mother." To poor of parish and those of 
Swimbridge, 20/- each. 

Residue to wife Cicely, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 1 2th P"ebruary, 1729. 

Proved 7th May, 173 1. 

Edmond Saunder, a witness. 


1734, The last Will of William Tucker of North Molton, 
Gentleman. To poor there, 20/-. To brother Peter Tucker 
of Swymbridge, all wearing apparel. To brother Richard 
Tucker of Chittlehampton, ^5. To nephew Peter Tucker 
of South Molton, glazier, ;^5. To grandson Lewis 
Southcombe, Jun., £^0. To grandsons George Southcombe 
£^0, and Thomas Southcombe, ^^5. Residue to grand- 
daughter Elizb., wife of Joshua Hole, the younger, of South- 
Molton, Apothecary. She is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Grace Bryatt 
& Wm. Hill. 

Dated 12th April, 1733. 

Proved Oct. i6th, 1734. 

Armorial Seal — A fess between 3 roses. 

1736. William Pollard of Northam, Mariner, 24th February, 

Mentions his mother Joane, and wife Katherine ; the latter 
has residue and is Sole Executrix. 

Proved June 4th, 1736. 

Crest Seal — A Lion pass. gd. 

1741. George Tossell of King's Nympton, Yeoman, nth 
Nov., 1 74 1. 

To daughter Elizabeth Johnston, leasehold dwelling house 
orchard, and garden. To granddaughter Mary Tossell John- 
ston ;^5 at 21. To son John Tossell i guinea in gold. To 
son George Tossell ^130. To brother Walter Tossell 5/-. 
To son Abraham Tossell, Bidgoods, The Broomfield, and 
the Broad Meadows, with remainder to son George, charged 
with a payment of 40/- per annum to Thomas Webber of 
King's Nympton, Gent"", and to said son John Tossell, in 
trust for said daughter Elizabeth Johnston. 

Residue to son Abraham, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, John Lewis, Susie Bendall, Jeffery Harris. 

Proved Dec. 4th, 1741. 

74 [tEl'ONSIIIKE iVJl.LS. 

1742. John Tossell of King's Nympton, Yeoman, 6th May, 


To sister Miriam Hooper 40/- per annum charged on 
" Reeds " Estate, during the h'fe of brother Edward Tossell. 

To " nephew " Frances Tossell an annuit)- of £& to be 
paid " her " during life of said Edward. Her trustee to be 
John Bawden the )-ouiiger of South Molton. 

A further annuity of £^ out of " Reeds " to be paid to 
Elizabeth and Sarah Hooper. 

To Elizb. Smith, alias Southard, 40/- at 21. 

Wearing Apparel and 20/- to John Smith, alias Southard. 

Residue to said brother Edward, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, Thomas and John Lane. 

Armorial Seal— '' K Griffin" 

Proved February 19th, 1742. 

Sum, £'J'^ los. lod. 

1742. George " Vigures " of Ilfordcombe, Yecjnian, 15th 
Aug., 1741. To sju Samuel the fee simple of lands in 
Little Torrington, charged with pa)'ment of ;£^20 to grandson 
Samuel " Vigers," son of said Samuel, at 21. Bequests to 
daugliters, Thomasine and Agnes Vigers, and Ann Norman, 
and £2 each to her four children, Thomas, George, John, and 
Sarah Norman. 

Residue to said son Samuel '' Viguers," who is Sole Exor 

Witnesses, Geo. Sommers, Wni. Vickers, and Abraham 

Proved Jan. 14th. 1742. 

1742. Francis Pollard of Clovelly, -23rd Aug., 1728. He 
mentions his sons Francis and Robert, and iiis daughter 
Dorothy Way. His grandsons George, Robert, and Francis 
Pollard. His granddaughters Mary, Grace, Thomasine, and 
Dorothy Pollard, and his grandchildren William and Dorothy 
Way. His son-in-law John Way and his d.uighters-in-law 
Dorothy and Margaret Pollard. Residue to wife Thomasine, 
who is .Sole Executrix. 

Proved 29th March, 1742. 


1743. Thomas Pnllard ol" Northam, 5th March, 1742-3. 
He leaves liis son WiUiam 20/-. Residue to his wife Mary, 
wlio is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 4tli Au£^., 1743 

1743. William Pollard of Clovellv, Mariner. Makes 
brother John Pollard, Sen , Mariner, Sole Executor. 
Proved May 6th, 1743. 

174;. John Tucker of South Molton, Surgeon, 30th March, 


He has assigned "certain particular estates" to Dennis 
Buckingham, Rector of Charles, and Joshua Bawden of South 
Molton, Mercer, for the payment of his debts. Residue to 
his wife Catherine, save i '- to his father and mother and 
i/- to each of his sisters. 

Administration granted to Catherine, the widow, 5th April, 


Under ^.'25. 

1748. Administration to the Effects of Edward Tossell of 
King's Nympton, deceased. Granted to Thomas Webber and 
Francis Clark, in minority uf Frances Tossell, his only 

January 13th, 1748. 

1752. The last Will cf Thoinas Melhuish of Morchard Cruwys, 
5th Jul}-, 175 1. He gives to wife Elinor the use of certain 
rooms in his house at Fork, in said parish — his tea-spoons, 
tea-pots, coffee service, and whatever el>e belongs to the 
garnishing of the tea table. Bequests to daughter-in-law Elinor 
Sloane and to sun-in-la\v Adam Sloanc. " To m\' trusty friends 
Mr. Thomas Melhuish of Morchard Cru^e, and Mr. Humphry 
Melhuish of Puddington," ^^'300 in trust for use o; " ni}- daughter," 
Sarah Maunder, and i^ioo for " m)- daughter Rebecca Anstey." 
To daughter Mar\- rommiu'^ "the moietv or halfendale of the 


overland in Columpton, with remainder to her eldest son. 
To my 3 grandchildren, George and Mary Maunder and 
Thomas Melhuish Commins ;^io each, and to daughter Joan, 
wife of John Bragg of Berry Castle, in Woolfardisworthy. 

Residue to sons-in-law John Bragg and Thos. Commins, 
who are Exors. 

Witnesses — Wm. Maunder, Richard Manley, Wm. Moxey. 

Proved 30th July, 1752. 

1753. The last Will of Richard Melhuish of Cruse Mor- 
chard, 3rd April, 1726. 

To Joan " Crook," daughter, and to Robert " Crook-e," grand- 
son, ;^i each. To daughter Ann Hewish ;^20. To daughter 
Elizabeth Sniorth jQi. To grandson John Smorth ;£(, at 21 
and ^5 to grandson Richard Smorth. 

Residue to John and Mary Melhuish, his son and daughter, 
who are sole Exors. 

Witnesses, Wm. Maunder, George Callard, Thomzin Maunder. 

Proved May 7th, 1753. 

1754. Anthony Saunders of Chumleigh, Wool Comber, 
[8th Nov., 1751. 
Mentions son William and daughter Mary Lawrence, widow. 
Residue to wife Mary Saunders, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved April 29th, 1754. 

1754. Administration to the effects of George Tossell of 
Chulmleigh " Cliirurgeon," granted to Elizabeth his widow, 
April 7th, 1754. 

Under ^150. 

1758. John Tossell of King's Nympton, Yeoman, 14th Nov., 
1757. To sons George and Humphrey Tossell ;^20 each. 
" My great brass pott and panne and ten pewter dishes to be 
divided equally between my said Sons." To daughters Mary 
and h:iizabeth £\o each. 


1759. Tliomas Pollard of Barnstaple, VVenver. With the 
exception of a legacy to Hannah Hogg, he makes his wife 
Mary universal legatee and Sole Executrix. 

Dated 7th Nov. Proved Nov. 13th, 1759. 

1767. Agnes, wife of Richard Tucker, late of Georgehani, but 
now of Braunton, Gentleman, i6th Nov. 1766. 

By pouer of marriage settlement dated 4th Dec, 1760, she 
having been therein described as Agnes Peploe of Heanton 
Punchardon, widow. To husband the said Richard Tucker 
and to his children, Richard, Susanna, and War)-, she leaves 
£2 2s. each. To her brother, Richard Heddon of Heanton 
Punchardon, " warming pan " and ^20. To sister Eleanor 
Incledon, widow, i!'20. To brother George Heddon " mj' bureau 
for life," with remainder to " Cousin " George, son of Sister 
Eleanor Incledon. Bequest to "niece" Eleanor, wife of 
Wm. Richmond of Heanton Punchardon, of " Brass crock, 
pewter dishes, and plates, and brass candlesticks, and a pestle 
and mortar. Residue to said brother George Heddon and said 
" Cousin " George Incledon, who are joint Exors. 

Witnesses, " Parker" Widlake, Robert Ballyman. 

Proved 5th Dec, 1766. 

Crest— Seal, "A Wolf's head erased." 

1767. John Tossel of King's Ash, otherwise Ashreigny, Sur- 
geon, 15th April, 1766. 

He desires to be buried " in a private handsome manner," in 
late wife's grave in King's-Nj'mpton Churchyard, " in a hand- 
some tomb, another such as now placed on m)- grandfather's 
grave," William Ford of" Chiltenholt " (Chiltlehamholt) to make 
his coffin. Bearers are specified, and are to have a blue or grey 
coat each. To dear wife Susanna Tossel, a house at King's Ash, 
and such sums as are hers by marriage settlement, and an 
annuity of £,}, to issue out of land in Winkleiyh, Dowland, and 
Iddesleigh. A further annuity of ^"5 5.S., and a similar sum to 
daugliter-in-law Susanna FuSs. To the poor of Burrington 
los. per annum, to issue out of Halisbury in .^aid parish for ever. 


To Mary Sladcr ' my mourning ring which I had in remem- 
brance of my late wife, and her Bible." To kinswoman Mary 
Matthews £2 2s. To Ann, daughter of " my partner " Richard 
Stucley, £\o los. To John, son of Thomas Tossel, late of 
King's-Nynipton, i^'i is. a year for five years. To brother-in- 
law Samuel Johnson ;^iO p. a. for four years " if he deliver to my 
brother Abraham Tossel a counterpart of lease of Wood 
tenem' which he lately demised him." To nephew Peter 
Johnson his choice of fifty of "my medical books" " when he 
shall have lived abroad two years with an able surgeon and 
apothecary, also my late brother George's house in Chulmleigh. 
To said brother Abraham " Puson " in Winkleigh in trust for 
nephew John Tcbsel Johnson at 28. 

Residue to said brother Abraham Tossel, who is Sole Exor. 

He directs his said "grandfather's" tomb and his own to be 
" enclosed with a handsome pale or palisadoes." 

4 sheets of paper. 

Proved April 4th, 1767. 

Refer to Dec. 4th, 1741, and to April 7th, 1754. 

N.B. — "Puson," which is contracted in the will, is probably in- 
temied to mean the farm at Wmkleigh, known as Punchardon. 

Witli reference to the bequest of 10/- per annum to the poor of 
Burrington, the Charity Commissioners remark: "Although this gift 
is void under the Mortmain Act, the Rev. John Tossel Johnson, 
proprietor of Halisbury Farm, regularly pays the annuity which is 
bestowed according to Testator's directions." 

1772. The last Will of John Saunder of Chittlehampton, 
13th Jany., 1772. 

Eldest son John Saunder and sons Arthur George and 
Francis, _^I0 each. 

Daughters, Susanna Harris, Joan Skinner, Mary Brailey, and 
Grace Holland, ^lO each. 

Granddaughters, Mary Fewins, a cow, and Ann Holland ^10. 

Daughter, Ann Burgess ^10. 

Son Paul Saunder ;^io los. 

Residue to wife Grace, who is sole Executrix. 

Proved March 6th, 1772. 


1784. George SaunJer of Chittlchampton, I2tli Sept., 1784. 

To son John "Saunders" ^£'80 at Ji. To son William ^^90 
at 21. To daughter Grace £'&0. To daughter Elizabeth, wife 
of Giles Skinner, £,Qo. To grandson George Skinner £~, at 21. 

Residue in equal portions to " my wife " and son George, who 
are joint Exors. 

Proved Dec. 3rd, 1784. 

1789. The last Will of Grace Saunders of Chittlehampton, 
dated 4th Feby., 17S8. 

She mentions her eldest son John, her son Arthur, and his 
children, John, Elizabeth, Susan, and Grace. Her son George, 
deceased, and his children George, John, William, Grace, and 
Elizabeth, wife of Giles Skinner. Her son Edward and his 
children John, Francis, Edward, and George. Her son Pawle, 
his wife Ann, and their children Edward, Ann, Grace, John, 
Mary, and Betty. Her daughters Susannah Harris, Joan 
Skinner, Margaret Braily, and Ann Burgess, 

Residue to son Francis, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 4th F"eby., 1789. 

1832. Tiie last Will of John Melhuish of Hill, in Cruw)-s 
Morchard, Gentleman, 9th Aug., 1836. To daughter Elizabeth 
Worthy an annuity of j[^\o charged on land, and to son George 
;^30, charged on same land ; during the joint lives of said George 
and of" my son " Thomas Abraham Melhuish. 

To nephew Thomas Melhuish of Poughill, Gentm., Jonathan 
Tanner of Roseasli, Gentm., and Tho^. Coinins nf Witheridge, 
Gentm., the estates known as Eastland and East and West Hill, 
in trust to pa\' the rents to the said Thomas Abraham Melhuish 
for life, with remainder to his children male or female, and with 
reversion in default thereof to his said son George, with 
remainder to his grandson John, son of the said Geoige for ever. 
In pursuance of the power given him b)- his late father Thomas 
Melhuish, Gentleman, of Poughill, he further leaves to the 
said George Melhuish, Rowcliffe, Vnlscombe, Sullacks, Hetty- 
land and Hittyland, Burridge-, Thorn-hayes, and Thorndown, 
the moiety of the manor of Yedbury, the tything house and 


a high rent of 4s. 4d. per annum nut of Hickeridge's tenement, 
together with Edbury Mill, all in Cruse Morchard, for ever. To 
his said grandson John he gives the Silver Jug with initials 
engraved thereon. To Marj' Maunder, his housekeeper, ;^20 per 
annum as long as she remains unmarried, charged upon Eastland 
and East antl West Hill. Residue to said Son George, who is 
Sole Exor. 

By Codicil, i/tli Nov., 1830, he revokes the bequest to Mary 
Maunder, since he has now provided for her by deed. 

Witnesses to Will and Codicil — 
Thomas Maunder. 
Thomas „ Jun. 

Proved by George Hewish Melhuish, the E.xor., i6th June, 

Note. — After the death of Rev. Thomas Abraham Melhuish, who 
dieii unmarried, 1849, George Melhuish and his son John sold the 
whole property. Testator had an elder son, John, Captain R.N., pre- 
deceased him, unmarried, and another daughter, Mary, wife of VVm. 
Ford. Elizabeth was Editor's Grandmother. Testator was great- 
grandson of Thomas Melhuish, see page 69. 

1840. The last Will of Elizabeth Richards, widow, of Ilfra- 
combe, Devon. 

She gives all her furniture and all stores in the house and 
money that may remain when all expenses are paid, to the 
children of the late James Richards of Brighton, and iiei Plate 
to the Rev. Thomas Miller Richards and William James 
Richards, whom she makes her Executors. 

Witnesses, Thomas Capel and Jane Capel, his wife, 2 Novr., 

A memorandum enclosed gives her gold watch to her niece 
Mary Gibbs, and her pearl ornaments, earrings, etc., to the said 
Mary and her sister Frances between them. To her niece Agnes 
Richards all her cloathes. To Mrs. Samuel Richards " I give 
my dear husband's picture, bo.x of pearl fish and counters, and 
diamond ring on blue." To Miss Balderstone my painted 
work-table. To Mrs. Capel the cups and saucers on the parlour 
chiumey piece. To Mrs. Alder my hoop rings, pearl, &c., by 
her desire. I give ^^5 to Ann Dunn if she is living with me at 
my death. 



1600. Administration to the effects of Johanne Peeter, 
late of Wembury, intestate. Granted to Joiin Kember and 
Elizabeth his wife, sister of the said deceased, 13th Sept., 
1600. Under £\o. 

The endorsement gives the names of otlier brothers and 

" Ita quod daret Simoni Willielmo et Wilielmo suis fratribus, 
et Blanclie et Katherine ejus sororibus." 

1602. The last Will of Mary Arundell of Trerise, in the Co. 
of Cornwall, Gentlewoman, dated 1st Dec, 1602. To sister 
" iMrs. Grace Dinham 3 smockes, 3 ruffe bands, 2 goundes, 2 waist- 
coth, 2 petticotes, I cloake and hoode of cloathe, i saffgard and 
all things that are heare, and 2 freiiche hoodes of vellett per- 
formed." To nephew "John Arundell of Trerise, i featherbed 
performed withe pillyows and courtyans and vallans of silke and 
I long cushion of Tynsell, 2 short cushions, and i longe cushion 
of armes of myne workiiige." To God-daughter, Ebbot Grenvile, 
" my best gounde of tuffe taffeta whiche I never wore." To 
niece Mrs. Mar\' Dennis an (i) laze of pearle and gould. "To 
my mann George Sercombe £\0. two bo.\-es of books and all 
other things and bookes remaining in my great truncke at 
Penheale, 2 wrought cushions excepted." " More to m\- man 
George Sercombe £,\ of lawful money owed for wages. To the 
maid servants in Sister Dinhame's house 2/6 each. Residue 
to niece Julyan Keckwiche who is Sole Executrix." 

Witnesses — Nicholas and Grace Dinham, George Seccombe. 

"Memorandum that i cheane of gold being at Wortham, at 


the time of tlie signing and sealing hereof, 2 days afterwards, 
Mrs. Mary Arundell did say that the said Mrs. Julyan Kekewiche 
sliould have the saidc cheane." 

Proved 3rd Dec. 1602. 

Endorsed — " Nuper de Lifton." 

Sum £-i7 19s. 4d. 

1609. The last Will of John Elford of Meavy. Dated 26th 
March, 1608. Mentions mother Elenor Elford, brother Wni. 
Elford, sisters Margaret and Thamsin Elford, Richard Elford, 
and Peter Francklinge. 

Residue to Brother John I-Llford, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 17th Feb., 1609. 

161 1. John Wreaford the elder, of Hennock, 12th June, 9th 
James. To poor of Hannock, 2/0. To daughter Elizabeth, wife 
of Wm. Strange, £i\. To son John Wreaford, i^6. To daughter 
Joane W., £16. To son Stephen, ^^3 los. To Robert, son of 
said Stephen, lOs. To Thomsine, dau. of said Stephen, i yeo 
lamb, and to Mary her sister the same. John, son of Wm. 
Strange, los., and to William, Dorothy, and Elizabeth Strange, 
a sheep each. To servants Eliza Wreaford and Joane Den- 
ford, a yeo sheep and Iamb. 

Residue to son George Wreaford, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 9th July, 1611. 

Sum ^98 14s. 4d. 

1614. The last Will of William Wreyford, 20tli Dec, 12th 
James. Legacies to poor of Hennock and Teigngrace, Newton 
Bushill and Newton Abbot. To son James, Bradleigh, in the 
parish of South Bovey, to him and his heirs for ever. He gives 
a meadow in Bovey to wife Eleanor, and daughters Christian 
and Rose. Residue to said wife Eleanor, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved nth Feb., 1614. 

Sum ;^267 3s. 4d. 


1617. The Will of Arthur Cundye of Bridgerule and Co. 
Cornwall, was proved at Okehampton, 24th May, 161 1. 

1625. John Wreford of Moreton, Weaver, 17th June, 1625. 
He gives to eldest daughter, Richard Croote, £6 13s. 4d. To 
Wilmot Savage, second daughter, 23/4. To servant, Alice 
Croote, bequest. 

Residue to son Jolin, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 30th July, 1625, 

Sum ^67 1 3-. 8d. 

1626. John Wreford of Ilennock, yeoman, 24th Dec, 1624. 

To poorof Hennock . To Richard Cornish, 20s. To Joane 

wife of Wm. Harris, los. To George Wreaford, los. To Eliza- 
beth Strange, 9s. Small sums to John, William, Doroth}' and 
Elizabeth Strange, John and Wm. Cornish junr., and John 
Cornish's two daughters. To Stephen Wreaford my best doub- 
lett. To Jolm and Michael W. a yeo sheep each. To Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jolin Wreaford, late deceased, i yeo sheep. To 
John W. best jerkin and second best breeches, and 5s. To 
Elling, wife of Wm. Kine, 5s. To Joan Kynes, " my servant," 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 1st April, 1626. 

1626. The last Will of John Sanger of Buckfastleigh. To 
the poor of " Lower Town," 3s. 4d. To Peter Petsvene, 4 yards 
of New Cloth and the sum of los. To Weltym Tolyard, los. at 
marriage. To wife Nycole " my close of land," with remainder 
to Maryne Sanger, my daughter. 

Residue to said wife and daughter, who are Joint Exors. 

Witnesses — Nycholas Wolacot, Andrew Feseye. 

Overseers — Thomas Collard and Daniell Fox. 

Dated 23rd May. 

Proved 8th Dec, 1626. 

Note — " Tolyard " is equivalent to Tolchard, still a local name. 
" Feseye " is the same as Vesey. 


1626. Inventory of Richard Sangwill made of Plympton St. 
Mary, deceased 24th Feb. 1626. 
Sum £^ los. lod. 

NoiE — The wrapper of this document is endonsed ■' John Sangell, 
late of Holbeton, intestate, granted to Beatrice his wife, 14th Feb., 

It encloses a second Inventory to the amount of ^14 12s. 6d. 

1634. Tlie last Will of Thomas, son of John Wreyford of 
Tamerton fifolyett (Foliot) Batchelor. Mentions brother John 
Wreyford, sister Elizabeth Edwards, and her sons Nicholas and 
John Edwards ; I^lizabeth, daughter of VVni. Gaye. Interest in 
land at Egg Buckland, to brother Wm. Wreyford. 

Residue to sister Joane Wreyford, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 20th July. 

Proved 23rd Oct., 1634. 

1637. Alice Wrej-ford of Moreton Hampstead, Widow, loth 
March, 1636. Bequests to son Richard, daughters Wilmot, 
Anne, Alice, wife of Ciperian Wreyford, Jane (daughter of son 
John Wreyford). To Wni. EUicomb, son of dau. Wilmot. To 
Mary Brocke, daughter of daughter Elizabeth. To Judith 
Brocke, daughter of daugliter Anne. To servant Wilmote 
Wreyford. "To all my children's children i5d. each." 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2Sth April, 1637. 

1640. Administration to the effects, &c., of Elizabeth Thuell 
of South Brent, granted 12th Feb., 1640. To John Thuell of 
South Brent, Husbandman. Edward Searle of Exeter, Gentle- 
man, joins the Bond. 

Note — She was dau^jhter of John Gould, Esq., of Coombe, in 
Staverton, by his wife Alice, daughter of John Trehawkes. and married 
lohn Thuell of Brent. 


1660. Matthew Tucker of Hardness (Dartmouth), in the 
Co. of Devon, Marryner. To poor of Hardness, 20s. He 
bequeathes to Wilham Bragg of Dartmouth, " Marryner," all his 
clothes excepting his " searge cloake," and he also gives him the 
north and south parts, and his Tenement in South Town, Dart- 
mouth, after the death of his Executrix. To Johane, wife of 
said Wm. Bragg, certain furniture, and to the children of said 
Wm. Bragg, 20s. each. 

To Maryan, wife of Nicholas Risdon of Dartmouth, one 
cupboard, and to each of her children 20s. each. 

Residue to "Ambris" his wife, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 17th July, 1649. Proved 30th Nov., 1660. 

See 22nd Aug., \66},.post. 

1662. George Rowe of Lamerton, Husbandman, 3rd April, 
1662. He gives his father, Robert Rowe, his interest in the 
lease of Widdeslade, in said parish. Brother Nicholas, best 
cloak, best coat, and best breeches, and to the children of said 
brother, and of brother Richard, i sheep apiece. Bequests to 
sisters Elizabeth and "Jonas." Mentions iiis grandfather, John 
Colling. Brother Francis, 6d. Servant Mar;j;aret Cudlipe, 6d. 

Residue to wife Mar)^ who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 4th June, 1662. 

Witnesses — John Rowell, Tristram ffarris. 

Note — See my " Devonshire Parishes," Vol. I., i)}). 207-8. 

f 1663. Administration to the effects of Jolm Hamlin of 

'■ Withecombe. Granted to Maria his widow. John Hamlin of 
the same, Husbandman, joins the Bond. Granted 1 2th Dec, 
I 1663. 

Note — Inventory made by James and Thomas Hamlyn of Lake. 

1663. Administration to the effects of Ambrose Tucker, late 
of Townstall, in the Parish of Dartmouth, widow. To Joanna 
Atkins, her cousin and next-of-kin. Granted 22nd Aug., 1663. 



1663. Administration to the effects of Ambrose Tucker, late ] 
of Dartmouth. Granted to PhiUp Square of South Huish, j 
Clothier, the nephew. Granted nth Dec, 1663. I 

1665. Administration to the effects of Noah Wreford of 
Moreton. Granted to George Wilis, in minority of Elizabeth 
Wreford, daughter and Executrix. 

20th Sept., 1665. 

1667. Robert Hamlyn of Chittleford, in the Parish of 
Withecombe, Yeoman, 4th Dec, 1667. To daughter Florence, 
Tenement called Venton, for 99 years, on life of John, son 
of brother William, Term to commence p.m. of Robert 
Hamlyn of Venton, and John Jerman, Also " Lower Dun- 
stone" for 99 years, on lives of Peter, son of Walter Hamlyn 
and Johane, daughter of said Walter— /.;«. of Richard, son 
of Edwd. Haml}n — under the ancient yearly rent of 46s. 8d 
for Venton, and 30s. for Diinston. To brother's son, Hugh 
Haml}-n, the quarter part of Higher North Dunstone for life, 
upon determination of the estate therein of Wm. and Phillip 

To Sidrack Jerman, jun., and his assigns, the moiety of 
Blackslade, after determination of estate therein of Mary 
Hodge and Philip Hamlyn, 

To said daughter Florence, and to her heirs, his fee simple 
lands in Chittleford, Scobtor, and Okehampton, To Susan 
Hamlyn, 40s., and to her brother Edward Hamlyn, 20s. 

To the children of brother Wm. Hamlyn, I2d. each, "and to 
his 3 grandchildren, i2d." To Robert, son of Richard Hamlyn, 
2s. To apprentice, Richard Hamlyn, I2d. To wife Johane, 
certain specified furniture at Chittleford. To poor of Wide- 
combe, 3s. 4d. for bread. 

Residue to sd. daughter Florence, who is sole Executrix. 
Proved ist Jany., 1667. 
Sum i^200 4s. lod. 



1667. Admon. to eftects of Richard Tooker of Modbury. 
Granted 25th April, 1667, to Susanna his widow. 
Extract from Inventory of Richard' Tooker : — 

" 60 sheep & 28 lambs ... ... ...;{!'22 10 O 

" 8 labour nags & mares ... ... ... 21 6 8 

" Item 60 bushels of conie ready thrashed 11 00 

" Cornc in barn & mowe ... ... ... 21 16 o 

" And in ground ... ... ... 55 10 o 

" One ftowling piece & one sword ... ... o 15 11 

Total sum 

.^18 = 

1668. Cyprian Wrcyford of Moreton, Weavei', 6th June, 

Bequests to sons Abraham and Isaack. To daughters 
Rebecca, Alice, Mar)-, and to daughter-in-law Elizb. Heaward. 
Residue to son Noah, who is Sole Executor. 

Administration granted to Marke and Elizabeth Manne of 
Abbot's Kerswell, jrd April, 1668. 

167c. William Wrayford of Bovey Tracy, Yeoman, i 2th No\-., 
22nd Chas. II. To son James, my tenement called Bradley, in 
said parish, to him and his heirs for ever, charged with ^,"40 each 
to son William and daughter Mary Wrayford. " To Peter son 
of John Gray my brother-in-law 5/-" To Johan, daughter of 
brother-in-law Wm. Cater, 5s., and to William, son of brother- 
in-law Philip Solomon, 5s. 

Residue to wife Ellen, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 6th March, 1670. 

Sum ;^54 OS. 2d. 

1672. Julyan Gould of Staverton, Widow, 15th March, 

To poor of Staverton, 40s. To son Henry, ^40. To Mary 
wife of Richard Savery of Ollacombe in Rattery, Gentm., £Afi, 
"& the halfendale of all my chest of lynnen, and one gold 


ring with fower gems." To god-daughter Julyan Row, 40s. ; 
and to her eight brothers and sisters, 20s. each. To her son 
John Row, 40s., and to his two brothers and one sister los. 

"To my daughter Julyan Abraham's there daughters 20/- 
each. 20/- each to Katherine Gould & her three sisters & to 
Edward Gould & John Gould his brother. To Gt. Grand- 
daughter Elizabeth daughter of Julyan Courtill." 

Residue to said daughter Julyan Abraham, who is Sole 

Proved I4tii June, 1672. 

Sum ;^I50 13s. 4d. 

Note — She was widow of Edward Gould of Coombe in Staverton, 
and is mentioned in the Herald's Visitation of 1620, as daughter and 
co-heir of Zachary Irish of Chudleigh. 

1674. Richard Hanilinge of Withecombe in the Moor, Yeo- 
man, 2nd July, 1667. 

Legacies to son Richard and to Richard son of said Richard. 
The latter then under 14. To dau. Ann Gould. To son-in-law 
Andrew Downinge. To son Walter H. 

Residue to Peter, son of Walter Hamlinge, who is Sole 

Proved 8th Oct., 1674. 

Sum £(^\ 8s. 4d. 

NoiE — Richard Hamlinge made the inventory. 

1675. Nuncupative Will of Mary Tucker of Tavistock^ 
Jany. 4th, 1675. She makes her cousin, Richard Tucker, 
universal Legatee and Sole Executor. 

Proved 19th Jany., 1675. 

Sum £x IIS. lod. 


1674. Robert Rowe of Lamerton, 27tli Feby., 1673. 
Small bequests, viz., is. to son Nicholas, 5s. to son Richard, 
IS. to daughter Jonne Fursman, is. to all grandchildren. 
Residue to daughter Elizabeth, who is Sole E.xecutrix. 
Witnesses — Thomas Burnaford, Julian Burnaford, John ftarris. 
Proved 2nd Dec, 1674. 
Sum ^47 14s. lod. 

Note — Nicholas Rowe the Poet was of the Lamerton family, being 
son of John Rowe, Sergt.-at-law, ilied, 1692. See my " Devonshire 
Parishes," Vol. I., pp. 204-207. 

1675. Peter Hamling of Withecombe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman, 
6th Dec, 1674. 

Legacies to brotlier-iii-law John Jerman. To sister Barbary 
Jerman, and to Weaker and John, sons of John Jerman. 

To Cousin Francis Hambling, " my fowling-piece and pistol." 
Legacies to " Cosins " Mary and Richard Hamling. 

Poor of Parish, 20s. 

Residue to sisters Mary and Margaret Hamling, who are Joint 

Witnesses — Richard Hamling and others. 

Proved 7th May, 1675. 

Note — Admon. Bond attached to Will, which was proved by Richard 
Hanilyn (Uncle of the Executrices Mary and Margaret, in their 
minority), and by Richard Tupper of Widecombe. 

1675. The last Will of Samuel Wrayford, the son of Thomas 
Wrayford of Moreton, Tailor, 29th June, 1675. To brother 
Jonathan, all interest in a close of land called Furspark in the 
Parish of Totnes. Charged with an annuity of 20s. to Aunt 
Elizabeth Torroway. To Aunt Modistis Browne, 20s. per 
annum. To Jonathan and George, sons of brother Thomas, 
5s. each. To sister-in-law- Anne Stone, 2s. 6d. 

Residue to said father, Thomas Wrayford, who is Sole Exor. 

Sum £\i,. 

Proved 2Sth lulv, 167 v 


1678. Christopher Hamlyn of Withecombe in the Moor, 
Yeoman. To Nicholas, son of John Mory, ;f20. To brotlier 
James' children, Katherine and Susan, 20s eacli. To Isot, dau. 
of Edward Woodley, 20s To Joane Berry, dau. of brotlier John 
H;imlyn, 20s. To Tiiomas Hamlyn's children, James, Thomas, 
and Joane, 20s. each. To Ciiristopher, son of Christopher 
Hamlyn, 20s. To John, son of Richard Hamlyn, 20s. To 
John Sherwill's children, William, George, Mary, and Agnes, 
20s. each. To Thomas, Edward, Mar)', Joane, and Agnes, 
children of Nicholas Furse, 20s. each. To Edward, Richard, 
John, Joan, Rabbidge, and Honour, children of Elizabeth 
Arnell, 20s. each. To Mary and Francis, children of Walter 
Coulton, los. each. Out of tenement called Rowbrooke to brother 
John Hamlyn, an annuity of £'^ during the life of wife Agnes, 
and Mary wife of Jolin Mory. To poor of Holne, 20s. Lower 
Hannaford to wife Agnes for life, with remainder to Thomas, 
son of brother Thomas Hamlj-n. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses— Thomas Hamlyn, with others. 

Dated 15th Feby., 1677 

Proved 8th June, 1678. 

Sum £17"$, los. 9d. 

16S1. James Haml_\'n the elder, of Withecombe-in-the-Moor, 
Yeoman, 6th Mar., 1679. To poor of the parish, 5s. Certain 
furniture, to wife Alice. Mentions daughters Katherine 
Woodley and her children, Isott and Susannah Woodley, 
daughter Susannah Townsend, and grandchildren James and 
Richard Townsend. 

To brother John Hamlyn, los. To God-daughter Rose 
Hamlj'n, 2s. 

Residue to daughter Alice Hamlyn, who is sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — John Hamlyn, Agnes Hamlyn junr., Susanna 

Proved 25th April, 1681. 

Sum i^iO/ 17s. 8d. 


1682. William Hamlyn of Withecombe in the Moor. To 
wife Elizabeth, household furniture. To Daughter Joane, ^^30. 
To dau. Mary, wife of Peter Mann, ^"5. To Peter Mann's 
children Mary, Elizabeth, Sibella, and Silvester, 20s. each. To 
Elizabeth, daughter of Ellis Thomas, ^^5. To tllizabeth, 
daughter of sun John Hamlyn, 20s. To daughter Hannah, 
"one bed performed." 

Residue to son Hugh Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 

Dated 19th May, 1680. 

Proved 20th J any., 1682-3. 

1682. Agnes Tucker of Dartington, in the Co. of Devon, 
Widow. Legacies to sons William and Samuel, and to daughter 
Maiy, wife of Tliomas Adams. To grand-^on, Thomas Edwards, 
£l- To grandchildren, son and dau. of W'm. Tucker, 5s. each. 
To Samuel and John, sons "f son Saml, 5s. To granddaughter 
Mary Tucker, 40s. 

Residue to son Thomas, who is Sole E.xor. 

Witnesses — Edwd. Chastor, Hy. Adams, Hy. Nethcrton. 

Proved 7th Feby., 1682. 

1685. Administration to the effects of John Row of Lamer- 
ton, in the Co. of Devon, granted to Nicholas Row his father, of 
the said parish of Lamerton, Gentleman, 15th July, 1685. 

Note— See ante, 2nd Dec, 1674, and 4th June, 1662. 

1689. Tiie account of Elias Newcomen, Administrator of the 
goods, &c., of Thomas Trenhale, late of Kingsweare in the 
County of Devon, deceased. Delivered 12th Dec, 1689. 

Signed, '• Elias Newcomen." 

Note — This was the father of the Inventor of the Stationary Steam 
Engine, and the grandson of the Revil. Elias Newcomen, Rector of 
Stoke Fleming, 3rJ son of Charles, 2nd son of Brian Newcomen of 
Saltfleetby, Co. Lincoln. One of the oldest families in that county. 

See my " Devonshire Parishes," vol. L, pp. 372 et scq. 


1691. Administration to the effects of John Singer of 
Plymouth. Granted lotli March, 1691, to Elizabeth Hoiman 
of the same, Principal Creditor. 

Enclosed is the following Affidavit — 

"These are to certify that John Singer of Virginia made a 
nuncupative Will, & gave & bequeathed all his goods & chattels 
unto his mother-in-law, Elizabeth Hoiman, upon the considera- 
tion of a daylie support he received from her, the truth of which 
we doe hereby attest & have sett our hands to the same, all 
belonging to their Majesty's ship Portsmouth now in Plymouth. 
15th Dec, 1691. 

" Under ^50. 

"John Jones, Wm. Wilson, Walter Hockin." 

1691. The last Will of Thomas Hamlyn of Ash in the parish 
of Widecombe in the Moor, Yeoman. To wife Elizabeth, £\o, 
and the Great Bible, the Chest in the Hall Chamber, and an 
annuity of _^5, to issue out of Lighter. 

To son Thomas Hamlyn, ^10, and an annuity of ;^5 out of 
Lightor. To grandchildren, sons and daughters of son James, 
40s. each. To seven grandchildren, children of Edward Gifford, 
40s. each. To the two children of son Thomas, 40s. each. To 
the four children of John Hamlyn of Lake, husband of daughter 
Johane, 40s. each. 

Residue lands and goods, &c., to son James Hamlyn, who is 
Sole E.Kor. 

Dated i6th Janj'., 1690. Proved 1st July, 1691. 

Sum £21-/ OS. 4d. 

1695. Elizabeth Hamline of Withecombe-in -the- Moor, 
widow. To. son James, is. To son Thomas, the Great 
Bible. To daughter Joane Hamline, is., and "half my wearing 
apparel." "The other half" to daughter-in-law Mary Jefford. 
To Phillip ffole of North Bovey, widow, lOs. 

Residue to son Edward Jefford, who is Sole Exor. 

Dated i8th Feby , 1692. Proved 25th July, 1695. 

Sum £'5 5s. lod. 


1696. Administration to the effects of Thomas M<>rtimore of 
Siapton, granted to Rebecca Mortimore, his sister, nth June, 

1699. Walter Blatchford of Highanipton, Yeoman, 23rd 
April, 1694. Grandson Richard Blatchford, £\i los. at 16. 
To brother John Blatchford's children, los., that is to say, 5s. to 
Godson Walter B., and is. to the other five children. 

To son Robt. Blatchford, leasehold tenement called Stendon, 
for life, with remdr. to grandson John Blatchford, charged with 
an annuity of £6 to Thomasin, mother of the said John. To 
wife " Rachwell," two leasehold tenements called Oadham and 
Whitacre, with remainder to said son Robert ; who is to put in 
grandson Walter's life on said tenement. To said grandson 
Walter B., ^^'50. 

Residue to said son Robert, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — Thomas and Margt. Stafford and Mary Ffleming. 

Proved by Exor. at Hatherleigh, 5th March, 1699. 

Sum ;^255 los. 

1702. Administration to the effects of Jacob Singnar, alias 
Cisard, of Plymouth, of the Royal Ship " Pembroke." Granted 
30th May, 1702, to Maria Bandram his cousin. 

1706. John Haml}-n of Wndecombe, Yeoman. His leasehold 
house in Asliburton, courtlage and herb garden (determinable 
upon the lives of John and Elizb. Cane), to daughter Mary 

To daughters Elizabeth and Susan H., £20. To brother 
Hugh Hamlyn, the lands in Blackslade ; and all head rents to 
him and his heirs for ever. 

To Hugh Hamlyn's children, 1 2d. apiece. To Sibly, daughter 
of Silvester Mann, is. 

Residue to " Joane my wife," who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 29th Aug., 1705. 

Proved April, 1706. 

Sum £i\~ Oi. 2d. 


1707. Administration to the effects of Isaac Tucker of 
Plymouth. Granted to Sara his sister, wife of John Holditch 
5th Nov., 1707. 

1719. Wilhain Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman 
To the poor, 5.S. To daughter Elizabeth Hamlyn, ;^30, at 21. 
iVIentions Richard Hext "my kinsman " of Hannaford. 

Residue of estate in Blackdon Pipard in Widecombe to said 
daughter Elizabeth after death of Robert Hamlyn, my father, 
and Elizabeth, my wife. To brother-in-law John Saunders, is. 
To .'iister Katherine Saunders, 20s. To brother-in-law Sanil. 
Eales, IS. To brother in-law James Luckham, is. To sister-in- 
law Mary Gaunter, is. Apprentice Humphry Passmore, los. 
To apprentice Sibil Hamlyn, 5s. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 28th Feby., 1718-19. 

Proved 8th July, 17 19. 

1719. Administration to the estate of James Hamlyn of 
Withecombe, granted to his father, James Hamlyn, and to 
Robert Mann, in the minority of James and Thomas Hamlyn, 
children of said deceased. 

There is a memo, which shows that a " Caveat against admon." 
had been lodged by the two administrators who afterwards 

Admon. granted May 23rd, 17 19. 

17 19. Administration to the effects of Robert Tucker, late of 
Blackawton, deceased. Granted to Agnes his relict. John 
Tucker of Blackawton joins the bond. 

i6tli Jany., 1719. 

17 19. John Hamlyn of Lake in the parish of Widecombe in 
the Moor, Yeoman. To wife Joane Hamlyn, £\o. To son 
Richard H. all right in Higher Ash in said paiish. Bequest to 
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Hamlyn, and to her four children. 


To daugliter Mary Hamlyn, £"0, and a similar sum to daughter 
Joaiie Haml\n at 21. 

To son James Hamlyn at 21, Corrulon in said parish, and in 
the Manor of Spitchwick for ever. With remainder to said son 
Richard Hamlyn. Mentions Mary, wife of John Leyman of 
" Bonehill," Mary Puttercombe, Sara and John Stanckoaibe. 

Residue to said son Richard, who is Sole Executor. 

Witnesses — Joane Gefiford, Jane Hamlyn. 

Dated nth July. 

Proved 31st Aug., 1719. 

1719. Richard Hamlyn of Lake in the parish of Widecombe, 
Yeoman, 22nd Dec, 1719. To brother James H., 3 fields in 
Higher Hannaford. To poor of Widecombe 10,'-. To mother 
Joane Hamlyn £^, with an additional sum of ^"10, " formerly 
given by my father John Hamlyn to my mother." To kins- 
man John Emnictt 20/-. To sister Elizabeth, now wife of 
Thomas Hamlyn of Ash ^^5. Residue, remainder of term 
in Higher Ash and tenement in "Hier" Hannaford to three 
sisters, Mary, Johane, and Dunes Hamlyn. 

Witnesses, James Hamlyn. 
Thomas „ 

Proved 13th Feby., 17 19. 

Sum X339 6s. yd. 

Note. — Refer to Will of John Hamlyn of Lake, 31st Aug., 1719. 

1725. Joan Hamlyn of Widecombe, widow. To poor there 
20/-. To youngest daughter. Dunes Hamljn, /"15. To 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Hamlyn, " my best gowne." 
To other two daughters, Mary and Joan, i/- each. To all my 
seven grandchildren 5/- each. 

Residue to son James, who is Sole Executor. 

Dated nth Oct., 1723. Proved 30th June, 1725. 

Sum ^^44 15s. 4d. 


1725. James Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman. 
To son Thomas H. i/-. To daughter Anne, wife of Richard 
Peny, i/-. To daughter Mary, late wife of Henry Gaunter 
deceased, i/-. To Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Grigg, i/-. 

Residue to " my wife," who is Sole Executrix. 

The " Act of Gourt" proves that his wife was called " Mary." 

Dated Sth Feby., 1724. Proved 6th Nov., 1725. 

Sum £\?> 3s. lod. 

1727. Administration to the Effects of Maria Tucker of 
Hatherleigh Granted to William Tucker, her husband. 
Feby. 19th, 1727. John Tucker joins in the bond. 

1729. Hugii Hamlyn of Widecombe, Yeoman. To wife 
Joane, Scobbator, in said parish, for life, with remainder to 
son William, and to the latter " all my lands in the Manor of 
Dunstone for ever." 

To son Hugh, " my right in BlacK'slade, which Anne Brewsey 
now possesses," with reversion to son Edward H. To son 
John £\2. To three daughters, Hannah, Jane, and Susanna, 
£/ each. To daughter Joane, wife of Robert Hamiyn, £^ 3s. 
To daughter Elizabeth, wife of John Tarr, £2 2s. To my two 
grandchildren, daus. of John Tarr, 5/- each. 

Residue to wife Joane, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 20th Feb)-., 1728. Proved at Newton Abbot, 21st 
May, 1729. 

1736. William Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman. 
To wife Katherine his goods, in trust to provide for all his 

He recites that his late father, Hugh Hamlyn of Widecombe, 
bequeathed him all his lands in tiie Manor of Dunstone, to 
him and his heirs, and he leaves the said Manor to the child 
now conceived by his wife if it be a man child, but if not, 


then Dunstont* is to be divided amongst all lii; 
with reversion to brother Hugh Haml\-n. 

Overseers : Peter Hamlyn and S}'lvester Mann. 

Witnesses: Edward Hamlyn, with others. 

Dated i6th Oct. Proved 1st Nov., 1736. 

1736. Jane Tooker of Milton Abbot, "Spinster." To her 
daugliter Elizb. Trais i-'-. To daughter Mar}- Tooker I '-. 
Residue to son John Touker, who is Sole Exor. John Ward 
Exor. in Trust during minorit)-. 

Witnesses : Pierce Edgcumbe, Daniel Ward. 

Dated 5th Fcby., 1735. Proved gtli Feb)-., 1736. 

1740. Administration to the Effects of Charles Blachford 

of Totnes, late H.M.S. " Burford." Granted to Elizabeth, 

wife of Azarias Cuiidetr, sister of deceased. 

31st Jany., 1 740. 

1742. xAdniinistration to the effects of John Blachford of 
Totnes. Granted to Chiistian Blachford of the same, widow, 
4th Dec, 1742. John Clift of the same, cooper, and Richard 
Coll. carpenter, join the bond. 

Sum ^83 M.S. 

1746. Will of Richard Heath of Stoke-Uamerell, late 
H.M.S. "WooKvicli." Dated 23rd June, 1730. Probate ob- 
tained 1)\- Ann Cleverton, foruierl)- Heath, relict of said 
Testator and now wife of John Cleverton, 1 2th Feby., 1746. 

Monition to remove to P. C, Canterbur)-, 6th Nov., 175 1 

1750. Thomas Blatchford of Pl)-mouth, 3rd Apiil, 1750. 

To friend John Cooban of Plyniouih, surgeon, freehold 

dwelling house in Pljmouth in trust for son Wni. Blatchford 



at 21. Charged with payment of ^^20 to son Thomas Blatch- 
ford at 21. To wife Thomasine of said house durin^r 
minority of the said two children. 

Witnesses : Ehzb. Murch, John Commin, Richard Sandford. 

Proved 14th Feby., 1750. 

1751. Administration of the effects of John Hamiyn lale 
of Widecombc-in-tlie-Moor, deceased. Granted to his brother 
Richard Ham!)-n of Widecombe, and to Thomas Hamiyn of 
Tor Bryan, Tiiomas Hamiyn tlie father of deceased having 
renounced. Granted 29th June, 175 1. 

1752. John Tucker of Halwell in the Co. of Devon, 
Husbandman. " I clue heare give to my wife Ellenor all my 
goods & chattels & the tenement called Horseville for life, & 
after her death to my granddaughter Mary Penny, who is to 
talce care of her grandmother for the rest of lier life & to have 
the said house for the rem'''' of }^ lease." 

To sister Avice a brass crocke. To granddaugiiter Mary 
Paige " my deepe bottomed brasse panne uiiich was my 
mother's." To granddaughter Ann Paige a pewter dish marked 
J. J. T. To granddaughter Sarah Paige a " Puter dish marked 
T. H." 

Witnesses : Samuel and Joan Wakeham. 

Dated June 29th, 1746. Proved 3rd Feby., 1752. 

1754. Walter Mortimer of North Bovey, Yeoman. To 
wife Joan, the best bed, " and one thing of a sort necessary for 
a single woman to have the use of, for life." 

Bequests to eldest son George, to daughter Agnes, wife 
of John Boone, and to their children, Joan, Mary, Benjamin, 
Elizabeth, and Susanna Boone. To daughter Mary Mortimer 
£\0, and to son-in-law Richard Honniwill 2/6. 

Residue to sons Walter ami Nicholas Mortimoor, who are 
Joint E.KOrs. 

Witnesses: John Willcocke, John Tallamy, George Underhay. 

Proved 8th May, 1754. 


1763. Administration to the effects of Hugh HamUn of 

Widecombein-the-Moor, deceased, intestate. Granted to 
Mary, his widow, 24th March, 1763. 

1771. Thomas Hamlyn of Hannaford, in the parish of 
Widecombe-in-the-Moor. To daughter Elizabetli Snierdon, 
£tf. To grandson John Bedlake, and to granddaugiiter, 
Charity Bedlake, ^^5. To granddaughter Mary, daughter of 
Richard Cocke, £i,. Residue to grandson, Thomas Haml}-n 
Sherwill, Sole Exor., son of Jnhn Siicrwill. Overseers during 
minority, son-indaw George Slierwill, and grandson Richard 

Dated 3rd July, 1766. Proved 9th Marcii, 1771. 

Sum £y^ 12s. 6d. 

1772. Peter Hamlyn of VVidecombe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman. 
To sons Riciiard, £l, George, 20/- ; and Bequests to sons 
Thomas and Hugh, and to daughter Mary, wife of Wm. 
Nosworth)-. To daughter Ruth Haml\Mi, £\o. To grandson 
Peter, son of son Francis Hamlyn, 10/-. 

To each of daughter Joan's children, she being late wife of 
John White, deceased, 10/-. Residue of real estate, lands, &c., 
to son Peter Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 

Dated 14th Feb., 1770. Proved 12th June, l77-^ 

1772. Francis Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-tlie-Moor, Yeoman. 
To loving wife Anne, the South Part of Serconibe for 99 
years, with reversion to nephew Peter Haml3'n and his male 
heirs, he being son of brother Peter H. Ilie other sons ot 
said brother Peter have remainder of said estate, viz., Richard, 
George, Francis, WiUiam, Thomas, and Hugii Hamlyn. In 
default of heirs of these, Sercombe is settled on brother 
George Handyn of Aveton Gifford and his sons, George, 
Richard, John, Arthur, and Francis Hamlyn, and in default 
to right heirs of said nephew, Peter Hamlyn. He bequeaths 


in similar terms the other moiety of Sercombe, and all hi: 
tenements, &c., in Ashburton and elsewhere. 

Residue to wife Anne, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 29th April, 1749. Proved 9th May, 1772. 

No Inventory. 

(On four sheets of paper.) 

1772. John Haml)-n of Corndon in the parish of Wide 
combe-in-the-Moor, Yeoman. To mother Mary Hamlyn, ;^I5, 
To brother James Hamlyn, 20/-. To sisters Mary and Eliza 
beth Hamlyn, £i, each. To sister Anne, wife of Jno. French 
20 -. To brother James' sons, John and James, Ss. each. 
Bequests of i/- each to John French's children, viz., Elizabeth 
Ann, Susanna, Mary, and Sarah, John and William French 
To William, son of " sister Joane," i/-. 

" My brother Richard Haml)'n to be my Executor." 

Dated 7th Oct., 1772. 

Witnesses— Richard Hamlyn, with others. 

Proved 14th Nov., 1772. 

Sum ;{^iOO 9s. 

1784. Thomas Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-the-Moor. "To 
Cousin Thomas White my sister Joane's son," £l 3s. 

Residue to Doroth)-, otherwise Dolly Haml)n, my wife, who 
is Sole Executrix. 

Dated ist Dec, 1767. Proved 20th April, 1784. 

1798. The last Will of Mary Howell of Plymouth Dock, 
widow, 2nd May, 1789. 

She leaves her son, Samuel Blatchford, her sylver quart 
and six spoons. Mentions her grandson Henr)', son of said 
Samuel; Alice, wife of said Sanmel. 

The residue of plate to daughter Jane Blatchford. 

Mentions brother Henry Heath, sisters Sarah Newson, 


Susannah Rowe, and her brothers Robert, Samuel, and Richard 
Heath, who are to have mourning rings. 

Residue to said Samuel and Jane Blatchford, who are Sole 

Proved i8th Sept., 179S. 

Under £\oo. 

1806. John Hamlyn of Lake in the parish of Widecombe- 
in-the-Moor, Yeoman. Dated 7th Feby., 1801. 

He leaves his daui^hter Mary ^5 ; and bequeaths the 
residue to his wi'e Grace and son William. The latter is 
Sole Executor. 

Proved nth March, 1806. 

Under ^100. 



I 541. The last Will of John Hamlyn of Chudleigh. Dated 
5th June, 1 541. 

" To the store of our Lad)' of Chagford a shepe." To son 
John Hamlyji of Chagford, all goods remaining there. 

To wife Margery all household stuff Joint Exors., wife 
Margery and son John. 

Witness — Richard Northcote, Clerk. 

To poor of Cluulleigh, a wether sheep. 

No act of proof 

Collated Will Old Bk., Cons. Ct, Fo. 85. 

1547. The last Will of Richard Worth, Clerk, Parson of 
Washfield and Thiirlestone. He desires to be buried in the 
Chancel of Washfield Church, and leaves to " my Cosen 
Wenefred " /I2d. To godson Arthur Worth, /4d. Also to 
godson "at harpryge," /4d. Residue to servant Wm. Davye 
"as seemeth him best." Dated 15th May, 37th Hy. VIII. 
By Nuncupative Codicil made by Michael Brown, according 
to instructions received from said Wm. Davye and dated 
27th July, same year. Testator confirms his former Will, and 
gives Henry Morgan, Clerk, Vicar of Alwyngton, his " chamlot 
gowne " and nominated him Joint Exor. with Wm. Davye, 
in presence of Richard Halse, Clerk, Vicar of Broadclist. 
Gregory Basset " Parson of St. Martyn's Exeter" witne.sses the 
instructions for Codicil. 

Proved 6th Au;^',, 1547. 

Collated Will— Old Book, Consistory Court, Fo. 197. 

NoTKS.— Testator was fifth son of Anthony " Worth " of Worth, whose 

DErOX.S/I/A-K WILLS. ,,,, 

brother Roger wns ancestor of the Worthes of Compton, Birnstaple, 
Creditor!, and Exeter. 

The VVonhes presented to VVashfield in right of inheritance from 
the Beauchamps, through Abbot. I'hoinas Worth of Worth presented, 
1410, and his direct descendant Mrs. Worth, whose husband, the late 
Rev. W. Jones, assumed her name, similarly presented, 1884. 

From Abbot, through Beauchamp, the VVonhes also derived the 
Manor of Wash field. These Beauchamps were a younger branch of 
the White Lackington family, whose heir, in elder line^ brought that 
estiie to Speke, and derived from Milo Beauchamp of Eaton, younger 
brother of Walter Beauchamp, the ancestor of the Earls of Warwick, 

1549. The last Will of Henry Gibbe (or Gybbes as in 
the Calendar) of Woodbury in the County of Devon. 

Leaves money to the " poor man's hope " of the said 
Parish, and money to the poor of Clyst St. George, be- 
queathing the residue to Joane his wife who, he was sure, 
would dispose of it in the best way for the good of his 
soul. He makes her his E.xecutri.x. 

Witnesses — William G\-bbe, Clerk, and George Gybbe of 
Clyst St. George. 

Date of Will, October 2nd, 1549. A Commission was issued 
to the said William Gybbe, therein described as Rector of 
Clyst Sr. Mary,* to prove the Will. 

Probate granted Oct. 20th, 1549. 

1569. Grant by John Arundel! of Lannheme, Co. Cornwall, 
Miles, of the advowson of the Rectory of St. Colunib for 
one turn whenever or by whatever means it may be vacant, 
to nephew Nicholas Bosgrave of London, gentm.. 20th April, 

Confirniation by John, son and heir of John Arundell of 
Lannherne, lately deceased, of the next presentation to Rectory 
of St Columb to Nicholas Bosgrave, i8th May, 33rd Elizb. 

Note. — From a Book of Exhibits. .Archives Consistory Court. 

uf Clyst St. George 

!04 DF.VONMflh-E U7IJ.S. 

1571. The last Will of Willyam Gibbe* (Rector) of Clyst 
St. George. 

After .some small charitable bequests he appoints Joiiii 
Gibbe, son of George Gibbe, deceased, of St. George's Clist, 
his Executor and Residuary Legatee. 

To the poor of Clyst St. George, 10/-. To the poor of 
Clyst St. Mary, 6/8. To the poor of Sowton, 5/-. To the 
maintenance and reparation of Apshamt Cawsey, 10/-. To 
Charles RugLie, Richard Peat, and John Pears the Younger, 
£t, 6s. 8d. apiece, and to the said John's children, 20/- apiece. 
To his godchildren, 12/- apiece. To William Rugge, £6 13s. 4d. 
To Thomas Rugge, if he should remain at O.xford a year 
after the testator's death, ;^io ; otherwise £t, 6s. 8d. of it to 
the poor. To Joane, daughter of Charles Rugge, £10, and 
six spoons parcel gilt. To Margaret and Marj?, daughters of 
the said Charles, .^6 13s. 4d. each. To Jane Rugge, ;£'io, 
and a silver salt. He mentions also his servants Agnes and 
J one Besse. 

Will dated May 6th, and proved June 8th, 1571. 

Overseers — William Rugge and John Pears. 

Witnesses — George Coade, John Pears, s.iv\ \Vm. Eton. 

1582. The last Will of Edward Langley of Chudleigh 
Dated 7th Jany., 1582. 

He leaves his mansion house and lands to his son George 
Langley " the younger " ; son William to have the " workiuge 

He mentions his son George Langley "the elder." 

In a Codicil dated inh Jany., 1582, he mentions daughters 
Margaret and Margerie. 

Proved i6th Jany., 1582. 

Sum ii'55 1 6s. I id. 

' William Gybbe, instituted to the Rectory of Clyst St. Mary, 
1549. Ikiried as Rectsr of Clyst .St. George, May 30th, 1571 
the Index of Wills. 

Tupsham Cau 

DEVONSHIRE 111 U.S. 105 

1594. James Peter of Marldon, Yeoman, 17th Sept., 35th 

To sons Harry and William Peter, ^10 each. To daut:;hter 
Emlyn Peter, £20 at 24 or marriage. To Oder and Gilbert, 
sons of Gilbert Peter "my son,'' "one }'oowe each." To 
Richard, Ale.xander, and Andrew, sons of John Dodd, " my 
son-in-law," " one yeowe lambe each " ; the .'-ame to son-in-law 
John Com\-n's daughter IMargerie. He leaves certain house- 
hold furniture and the moiety of his iron, ropes, and yokes, 
and plough stufif between his children and his wife Anne. To 
son John Peter, 30/-. 

Residue to wife Anne, who is Sole Executri.K. 

Overseers — " Loving cousin " John Peter, and friends \Vm. 
Pascowe and John Grendon. 

Proved 13th April, 1594. 

Sum ^14- 15s. 8d. 

Note.— G'lbert was evidendv called nfter Gilbert of Coniplon 
Castle, in this Parish. "Od-r ' (moder/i, Otho) was a well-known 
Gilbert Christian name. 

1595. Henr\- Tucker of King's-N)'mpton. Husbandman. 
3rd June, 37th Elizabeth. To be buried in the Parish 
Church. To the poor there, ,i2d. To sons Robert, William, 
and George, £\o each at 21. To son Roger, "in remem- 
brance of fatherly good will towards him," 10,'-, "to be 
delivered to hint immediately upon his coming to his mother 
to do his dut}'." To daughters Margaret and Juhane, 
;^I3 6s. 8d. each on their marriage da)-. To daughter Wilniot, 
£6 13s. 4d. on her marriage day. To Agnes, daughter of 
daughter Thomasine Kingdon, I lamb. To godson John 
Cole, /4d. Residue to wife Wilmot, who is Sole E.xor. 

Two Trustees — John Cole of King's- Nympton and brother 
George Tucker. 

Witnesses — " Edmonde Squer, Pastor of King's-Nyinpton 
and Scipio Squier his sorme the writers thereof" 

Proved 30th Aug., 1595. 

Sum £71 15s. 8d. 

Note. — ''Scipio Squier." Littlfe Fulford, Mtuaied partly in the Parish 
of Shobrooke, and partly in that of Crediton, was granted, before the 

,oh l>ErOAS///AE MILLS. 

reign of Edward II., by Michael L' Ercedekne (Archdeacon) to 
Roger Le Squier. There are seven generations of the Squiers of 
Heanton Punchardon recorded in the Heralds' Visitation of Devon, 
1 564. Agnes, daughter and heir of William Squier, and granddaughter 
of Thomas Squier, or Squire, the first mentioned in the pe.ligree, 
married William Marwood, and her daughter and heir Joane was the 
mother of Sir Lewis Pollard, Kt., and grandmother of Hugh Pollard. 
The male line of the Squier family had been continued by Thomas, 
second son of Thomas Squier of Heanton aforesaid. Edmond Squier, 
Rector of King's-Nympion, presumably of this family, since the 
patronage of his Rectory liy with the Pollards. His son, Scipio Squier, 
was a great local antiquary, and left some valuable heraldic manu- 
scripts relative to the arms in Devonshire churches, which were 
amongst the collections of Dr. Jeremiah Milles, Dean of Exeter and 
President of the Society of Antiquaries, 1765. He appears to have 
paid a visit to Exeter in 1607, when he recorded several notes of 
arms in the Guildhall, at Polsloe Priory, and other places in the 
neighbourhood of the city. He luust have lived to a great age, as 
Ellas Ashmole, Windsor Herald, made his acquaintance, as shown by 
his diary. May 24th, 1659, sixty-four years after he wrote and witnessed 
the above Will. His lather, the Rev. E. Squier, died in 1620, and 
was succeeded at King's-Nympion by William Blake, 12th August that 
year. Patron, hac vice, Nicholas Blake of Plymnuth, Merchant, by grant 
of Lewis Pollard, Esq., of Kmg's-Nympton, the true Patron. The last 
of the family, Hugh Squier, built and endowed a school at South 
Molton. His Will is dated 1709. 

John Veysy, alias Harman, consecrated Bishop of Exeter, 1519, died 
1554, was the son of Joan, daughter of Henry Squier of Hands- 
worth, Co. Stafford. 

1596. Tliomas Tucker of Morchaid Bishop. 30th June, 
11595. He desires to be buried at Morchard. To eldest 
daughter Joane Tucker, 20/- and one yeo sheep. To eldest 
son John Tucker, 20/- and " one crossbowe and the buideres." 
To son Robert Tucker, 20/-. To son Henry Tucker, 20/- 
and " on paire of lombes." To daughter Maria, 20/-, and the 
" best brassen crocke after the decease of wife Agnes." Item 
to daughter Johane Tucker, jun., 20/- and a yeo lamb. To 
son Simon Tucker, 20/- and a yeo sheep. To daughter 
Thomasine, 20/- and a yeo lamb. To son Edward, 20/- and 
the second best pan. To daugliter Agnes, wife of Richard 
Saunder, one yeo sheep. To godson Thomas PoUaide, i yeo 
iamb. All the legacies to be paid to the beneficiares at 21. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executrix. 

Two Trustees: Laurence Soutliwoode and William Venicombe. 

Proved 22nd April, 1596. 

Sum £10% 17s. 4d. 


1597. Robert Toker (no date) desires to be buried "in the 
parish Churchyard of St. Stephen's" (by Saltash, Co. Corn- 
wall?). To tlie poor there, 10/-. To son Walter, £6 13s. 4d. 
at ten years old. To son Robert, £6 13s. 4d. at same age, 
and to daughter Siblie at same age. £6 13s. 4d. To god- 
child John Toker, /6d. To Mablie, daughter of Henry Tooker, 
one heiffer. Residue to wife Siblie, who is Sole Executrix, 
on condition that she maintains his mother Margaret Toker, 
or allows her £6 a }'ear. To sister's daughter, Alice Garnfit, 
one yeo lamb. To Walter Vigurs and Christopher Horwell, 
who are trustees, 3/4 each. 

Witnesses — Henry Tucker, Walter Vigurs, and Christopher 
Horwell, " Rober " Bicklie, Thomas Lowes. 

Proved 15th Dec, 1597. 

Sum £16 9s, id. 

1603. The last Will of John "Tucker," Clerk, Rector of 
Cardingham in the Co. of Cornwall, cum Hellande. 15th Nov., 
1602. Desires to be buried in the Chancel of Cardingham 
Church. 100 marks to daughters Mary, Anne, and Tilvey, 
to be paid when they attain the age of 18. The same to 
daughters Temperance and Penelope. To son Zacharie Tucker, 
best silver salte and tunne and best silver goblet, to remain 
in custody of Exors. until he is a housekeeper. He leaves 
property at " Trenie, Penquite, Cathan, St. Neot, and Bodmin, 
to Nichs. and Wm. Clieve, Gentlm., in trust for Anne, his 
wife, with remainder to son Zacharie." 

Residue to wife Anne, who is Sole Executrix. 

Three Overseers, viz., Wm. Parker, Official of Cornwall, 
Wm. Clieve, jun., and Nichs. Clieve, gntlm. 

Witnesses — John Sprey, Samuel Tucker, John Tucker, 
Humlrie Tamlyn. 

" Item, I do give my son Zacharie all my books." 

Proved 31st Jany., 1603. 


1603. The Inventory of EUyas Patter, alias Berringe, late 
deceased in the Sherovves ward, made 8th Aug., 1603. 
Will and Admon. missing. 
Sum £\1 3s. 4d. 
Endorsed, " Of Torrebrian." 

Note. — The Peters of Torbryan were a well-known Devonshire 
family. The name of this Elias Peter, who evidently died a prisoner 
for debt, does not occur in the Pedigrees, but he was probably a son of 
John Petre of Tor-Brian and his wife Joan Ridgeway. 

William, second son of this John Petre, was the ancestor of the Petres ' 
of Ingarstone, Co. Essex, and of the Lords Petre. 

161 1. Thomas Peter of the parish of Paynton. 5th May, 
43rd Elizabeth. 

To the poor of the parish, /I2d. To son's daughter Ammye 
Peter, 20/- at 26, and 2 yeo sheep. To Wilmott, her sister. 
£\ at 26, and 2 yeo sheep. 

Residue to son James Peter, who is Sole Exor. 

Overseers — James Churchward and Nicholas Lowman with 
/I2d. each. 

Proved 13th May, 1 61 1. 

Sum £10 I2.S. 8d. 

1618. The last "Will of Thomas Peter, Parson of the Church 
of St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Co. Cornwall, Clark. 22nd Oct., 
1617. He desires to be buried in Mawgan Chancel. Debfs 
to be paid and the residue to be distributed "amongst my 
children." Wife, Elizabeth Peter, to have the advowsou of 
Mawgan. She is Sole Executrix. 

Overseers — James Killsione, Francis Hearl, Clarke, Leo 
Loveys, Wm. Poynter, Leonard Browne, Win. Powell, and 
Tlionias Howe. 

Proved 6th Nov., 1618. 

28th December, 1O43. Inventory of the goods of William 
Bartlett of Marldon, taken by Thomas Bartlett and William 

Sum is eight scoore, £"/ ii.s. 8d. 


5th November, 1644. Admon. granted in the Consistorial 
Court of Exeter to Anne Bartlett his widow, who in the 
Bond is described as of Marldon in County of Devon, widow, 
and the sureties are WilHam Bartlett, of the same parish, 
Yeoman, and David Davis, Clerk, Vicar of Paignton, but 
there are only two signatures. 

Sign., A. Anne Bartlett ; David Davies. 

Note.— The Bond is not signed by William B.irtlett. 

1647, lOtli Feb}-. Edward Tooker of Langbrocke, in parish ' 
of Milton Abbot, Carpenter. To poor of parish, 40,'-. To 
Nicholas Tooker, Clerk, ^10. To Phillippe, dau. of kinsman 
John Tooker, £^ ; to rest of his children, lOs. each. 

To Edmund, son of kinsman Roger Tooker, £5, and to his 
children, 6/8 each. 

To Elizabeth, dau. of said John Tooker, " my best crocke." 

Other bequests to godson Danl. Sargent; to kinswoman 
Joy, dau. of Thomasine Adams, widow ; and to rest of her 
six children. To brother Saml. Tooker, godsons Roger, 
Richard, and Edmund Sargent. 

Residue to kinsman John Tooker of Laiigbroke, and to Joan 
Crabb, servant ; they are Sole Exors. 

Witnesses — Zachaeus Jordan, H\-. Tremure. No Proof 

Note. — From an old Book of Exhibits in Archives of Consistory 
Court, Exeter. No Proof. 

See Principal Registry, Dec, 1648. 

2n(l May (22 Chas.), 1646. Thomas Bartlet of Compton, in 
the County of Devon, Yeoman, by Will gives to Joane 
Bartlet his wife, his household goods for life, and after to 
his four sons. To Thomas Bartlet, his grandchild, his greatest 
bras pan when he shall enjoy the tenement wherein the 
testator then dwelt. 

Residue of goods to three youngest sons. Recites that 
Walter, Jane als Bartlet, by Deed dated 20th September, 
8th Charles, did sell to William Evens and Jasper Pounce 


of Marldon, moiety of tenement in Compton, upon trust for I 

testator in fee, who gives it to Samuel Bartlet and Odes i 

Bartlet his sons. Proviso, that Thomas Bartlet his grand- , 

child do pay them £2^ apiece within two years after the ! 

death of testator and wife, the said Thomas is to have said , 

moiety in fee, but if he should die without heirs of his body \ 

the moiety is to go to testator's son Samuel in fee. i 

Wife Joan, Executrix. j 

Signed — William Bartlet; William Evens. j 

Teste.— Gualtero Bartlet. } 

Inventory taken 8th May, 1646, by William Evens, Walter 

Bartlet, and Henry Bartlet of Marldon, £yT, i8.s. lod. 

Proved 30th May, 1650, by the Executrix, in the Consistorial 
Court of the Bishop of Exeter. 

1658, Dec. 29. Johan Bartlett of Marldon, Devon, by her 
Will of this date, gives small legacies to her sons Henry, Samuel, 
and Thomas, and to her son Samuel's children, viz., William 
and Susan, and appoints her son Otho Bartlett Executor, who 
proved the said Will the 30th April, 1661. 

1661, Jany. 3rd. Otho Bartlett of Marldon, by his Will of 
this date, gives legacies to William Bartlett and Susan Bartlett, 
son and daughter of his brother Saml. Bartlett. To Thomas 
Bartlett his kinsman, to John Bartlett his kinsman, and to 
his four god-children (not named), and Edward Ford and the 
poor of Marldon ; and appoints his brother Henry Bartlett 
and Thomas Bartlett Executors ; to whom Probate was granted 
1 2th April, 1667. 

1666. " Admon. de bonis non," of effects unadminisiered by 
Richard Bonithon, father of John Bonithon, Executor of the Will 
of Gilbert Holcombe, late of Mylor, Co. Cornwall, deceased. 
Granted to Sir Peter Courtenay of Ladock, Co. Cornwall, 
26th Nov., 1666. 


Seal of Anns — Quarterly ist and 4th, 0>\ 3 Torteaux ; 
\ I 2nd and 3rd, Or, a Lion Ramp., Azure (Courtenay). 

i Note. — Gilbert Holcombe, married Ann, sister of Peter, fourtli 

I son of Peler Countenay of Ladock. Dead before 1642. 

" 1666. In the Name of God, Amen. I Walter Bartlett of 
Compton in the parish of Marldon do make and ordaine this 
my last Will and Te'Stament in manner <ind forme following 
Imprimis I bequeath my soul to God my Maker and Redeemer 
by whome I hope to have comfort in the I. iter day, and my 
body I ordaine to bee buried in the Church of Marldon. 
Item. I give to William Bartlett my sonne all my land to 
him and his licirs forever. Item. I give to Alice Bartlett, 
Westerlaiid living with all the right that I have in it. Item. 
I doe ordaine and bequeath to Katherine Bartlett my daughter 
too hundred pounds to be paide unto her by AUice her 
sister in six \-ears after that shee shall enjoy it. Item. I 
doe ordaine William Bartlett my sonne to bee my hole and 
sole E.xecutor. Item. If William Bartlett die and have noe 
heirs then it shall goe to Allice Bartlett, and if Allice have 
no heirs then it shall goe to Katherine Bartlett and if shee 
die without hcires then to the heiies of Thomas Bartlett of 
Stocke Gaberiell. And I doe institute and oidaine Master 
John Prouse of Brent to bee one of my rulers of this my 
last Will and Testament. Item. I ord.iine Mr. Elias Phillipp=, 
James Peter, Wilh'am Bartlett, William Breiidon to be the 
others of my rullers of this nn- last Will and Testament. 
And I give unto them Twenty shillings for their paines, and 
if my goods will not hold out to pay my debts I doe ordaine 
that Gildon's Feeld and Burlancii shall bee sold. In witnesse 
heere of I have lieere unto put my hand even the gtli day 
of January in the \-ear of our Lord God 1666." 

Witnesse— Watler Bartlett ; James IC Chohvill. 

Proved on the 26t]i day of January, 1666, by the Oath of 
Juliana Bartlett, widow, during the minority ^j^ William 
Bartlett the son and Sole Executor. 

i674- William Bartiett, b)' his Will, without d,ite, makes 
bequests of small nature to his wife (not named), and to his Allis Katharine Bartiett and William Bartiett; 
and appoints the said William Bartiett Executor; to whom 
Probate was granted on the 24th Sept., 1674. 

Inventory £2\ 5s. 

1681. Administration to the effects of Margaret Wreyford 
of Morchard Bishop. Granted 1st March, 1681, to Elizabeth 
her daughter. Matthew Wreyford joins the bond. 

Sum £6 8s. 

1688. Administration to the effects of Elizabeth Wreyford 
of Morchard Bishop. Granted to Matthew Wreyford her 
brother, 3r(l Oct., 1688. William Wreyford of the same parish 
joins in bond. 

Note. — Matthew Wreyfonl was a Wool-comber (" lanionem "). 
William a weaver (" textorem "J ; thus described in the Admcm. llond. 

112 DEfONS HI A'E 1 1 V/, L S. 

9th January, 1666. Walter Baitlett of Marldon, by h 
Will of this date, gives to his son William Bartiett all his \ 
lands, to him and his heirs for ever, and if he die and have ' 
no heirs upon the trusts thereinafter mentioned. To Alice ' 
Bartiett, Westerland living. To Katherine Bartiett, ;£'200 ; j 
and appoints his son William Executor. i 

Admon. with Will annexed granted on the 26th Febiuary 
1666, to Juliane Bartiett, widow, during the minority of 

167 1. The Account of Julyan Bartiett the Relict and j 

Administrix of the goods and chattels of Walter Bartiett, ! 

late of Marldon, Devon. Exhibited 27th April, 167 1. ! 

£ ^. d. I 

The charge ... .. ... 418 19 8 I 

The discharge ... ... ... 437 o o 

£\?> o 4 


1692-3, March 22nd. Henry Bartlett by his Will of this 
date gives to his brother Thomas Bartlett his half plase in 
the Common Field at Compton, for the term of years he 
had therein, on condition of his paying ^^15 to Testator's 
Executor and he also makes small bequests to his kinsman 
Thomas Baitlett, jun., and to the children of Henry Tozer 
and to his kinswoman Elizabeth Bartlett, whom he appoints 

Admon , witli the Will annexed, granted on the 20th day of 
June, 1693, to Thomas Bartlett of Stokegabriel, Devon. 
Elizabeth Bartlett, the Executrix named in the Will, having 
renounced the execution thereof. 

Inventory ^^55 5s. 

1698, Januar)' iith. Admon. to the effects of Susanna 
Bartlett, late of Marldon, was granted to her husband William 

No Inventory. 

1705, August 17th. William Bartlett of Compton within 
the parish of Marldon, Yeoman, by his Will of this date 
gives to Edwd. Goodridge of Berry Pomeroy, yeoman, James 
Peter of Marldon, gentleman, and Thomas Bartlett, sen., of 
Marldon, yeoman, all his lands, tenements, houses, orchards, 
meadows and fields and his Comon of pasture with the appurts. 
belonging thereto and all his goods and chattels whatsoever 
Upon Trust to sell same real and personal Estate and after 
paying his debts, etc., to pay the balance equally between 
his two daughters Susanna and Mary when they attain 
20 years of age, and if one died to the survivor wholly ; and 
he appointed the said Trustees to be Executors of his Will, 
who proved the same on 23rd October, 1705. 

Inventory ^200 8s. 


17 12. Administration to the Effects of Katharine Gould ] 

of Staverton, Granted 9th Nov., 17 12, to Jonathan Laskey, | 

her grandson. ! 

IsI(.iTE. — Rebekkah, widow uf the Rev. Alexander Laskey, curate of 1 

Ashburton, died there, 3rd Nov., 1777, and was buried in the church. | 

License of marriage between Alexander Laskey of Ilsington, clerk, j 

and Rebekkah Laskey of Yealmpton, spinster. Jan. 23rd, 1740. | 

Mar. Lie., Prin. Regy., E.KOn. 1 

1713, Nov. 12. Thomas Baitlett of Marldon, Yeoman, by 
his Will of this date gives his two fields called Coombe Park 
and Wood Park in Kingscarsewell, and the house and orchard 
in Marldon unto his kinsman Thomas Bartlett and to his 
heirs and assigns for ever ; and he gives the closes of land 
called Olda Court, Bottom Hood, Hostawill Park, the three 
Compton Parkas, and the Broom Parkes, unto his said kinsman 
Thomas Bartlett, until Thomas Bartlett, jun., son of Thomas 
Bartlett, Testator's kinsman, should attain 20 years of age, 
and on the said Thomas Bartlett the younger attaining 20 years 
of age to him for all Testator's term and interest therein. All 
other the Testator's messuages, lands, and tenements he gave 
to his said kinsman Thomas Bartlett the elder and his assigns 
To hold the same until his son the said Thomas Bartlett 
attained 20 years of age, and on his attaining that age to 
the said Thomas Bartlett the son and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten on the body of Elizabeth his then wife, and 
in default of such issue to the said Thos. Baitlett the elder 
his heirs and assigns for ever. Unto Rebecca Bartlett, daughter 
of the said Thos. Bartlett the elder, he gives ^250 to be 
paid her when 21, and the same is charged on his lands, and 
testator also gives small legacies to his cousin John Hurrell, 
Thomas Bartlett, to Richard Phillipp's children, to Agnes 
Collins and her daughter (not named). 

Residue to kinsman the said Thomas Bartlett the elder, who 
is appointed executor, and who proved the said Will on the 
24th October, 17 14. 

Inventor}' /'819 6s. 


1735, Oct. II. Thomas Bartlett late of Marldon, Yeoman, 
by his Will of this date, gives small legacies to his nephews 
Jacob Bartlett and Thomas Bartlett, and to Thomas, William, 
Mary Elizabeth, and Jacob Bartlett, sons and daughters of 
his said nephew Thomas Bartlett, and to the poor of Marldon, 
and then gives to his wife Elizabeth Bartlett, her heirs and 
assigns for ever, all that tenement called the Lower Tenement 
and three closes of land called the Etherhays and Churchward 
Hay, a field called the Ridgewaj-s Bridge and two fields 
called the Winkhorns, and a tenement called Martins, and all 
other his messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and 
appoints his said wife Executrix and Residuary Legatee ; to 
whom probate was granted on the 22nd October, 1736. 

Inventor)- £2"/^ 19s. 2d. 

1736, May 1 8th. Admon. to the effects of Joan Bartlett, 
wife of Jacob Bartlett late of Marldon, deceased, was granted 
to her husband the said Jacob Bartlett on the date aforesaid. 

No inventory exhibited. Bond given for £200. 

1742, June 30th. Jacob Bartlett of Marldon, Yeoman, by 
his Will of this date gives to his wife the use of all his 
household goods as was hers before marriage, and on her 
death or re-marriage to daughter Joan Bartlett. He also gave 
to said daughter i;'200, and charged same on his real and 
personHl estate, and also the yearly sum of £l till she 
attained 21. He gives to his son Jacob Bartlett £100, and 
to his godson Jacob Collier, to his wife (Joane\ and to iiis 
brothers William and Thomas, ;^5 ; and the residue to 
his son Jacob Bickford Bartlett ; and he appoints his said 
wife and two brothers, William Bartlett and Thos. Bartlett, 

Proved on the 22nd May, 1742, by Joan Bartlett and Thos. 
Bartlett, two of the Executors, power being reserved to \\ m. 
Bartlett the other Executor. 

No Inventor\- exhibited. 


1742, Nov. 8th. Elizabeth Bartlett late of Marldon, by 
her Will of this date, gives small legacies to her son Henry 
Holditch and niece Elizabeth Ford ; and gives the residue 
of her estate and effects to her two sisters Joan VVithiell and 
Judith Ford, and appoints them Executrixes. 

Proved on the fourteenth day of January, 1742, by Judith 
Ford, one of the Executrixes ; Joan Withiell, the other 
Executrix, having renounced. 

No Inventory. 

1748. Thomas Bartlett of Marldon, Clothier, loth Nov., 
1748. To wife Christian, house at Marldon, late Mrs. Adams'. 
Revert to son Nichola.';, charged with £^0 to daughter 
Christian. To said wife ^300 in trust for said daughter, and 
for other children, Christopher, John, and Susanna Bartlett. 
To son Thomas, messuage in which I reside, called " Way- 
mouthe Tenement." Residue to brother William Bartlett of 
St. Mary Church, Gent"., in trust for children Thomas, William, 
Jacob, Mary, and Elizabeth Bartlett, at 21. Said brother 
William Sole Exor. 

Witnesses : Mary Hander, George Lyde, Robert Furneaux. 

Proved 30th Dec, 1748. 

Note. — The house at Marldon known as " Madger Place " is the 
house of " late Mrs. Adams " referred to. " Wife Christian " was 
daughter of Nicholas Adams by his wife Agnes Drewe. Madger Place 
was conveyed by Sir Edwd. Carey to Christopher Adams in 1650. 

1777, 4th April. Letters of Administration of the personal 
estate of Thomas Bartlett late of Marldon, deceased, left 
unadmiuistered by Elizabeth Bartlett his widow, the Sole 
Executrix of his Will, who died intestate, were granted to 
John Leach Brown of Stokeinteignhead, Gentleman, so far 
as related to certain estates vested in the said Thomas Bartlett 
as surviving Trustee under certain Indentures of Lease and 
release of 8th and 9th September, 17 18. 

The property is described as All those messuages and lands 
called Moretor and Lovetor in Marldon, containing 46 acres ; 
a messuage and tenement in North Willborough, containing 
20 acres; and .seveial fields or parcels of land therein mentioned. 


1785. Administration to the Effects of Samuel Wieford 
late of Crediton, intestate. Granted iSth Mnrch, 1785, to his 
brothers John Wreford of Clannaborough, and Silvanus Wreford 
of Bow ; Elizabeth Wreford, mother and next of kin to 
deceased, having renounced. 

Note. — Refer to 2nd August, 1595, Principal Registry. The re- 
currence of the Christian name "Silvanus," and the mention of property 
in West Sandford, close to Bow, and Morchard Bishop, clearly points 
to the origin of the North Devon Wrefords. 



"In the name of God Amen, the 1 2th April, 1537. I 
Roger Wreyyfford stedfast and perfyct of mynd and rembrans 
make these my last Will and testament after this manner and 
forme, fferst I bequeth my sowle unto Almighty God and to 
all the Celestyall Companye )'n Heven and my bod)'e to 
holy buryall to be beryd yn the Churchyerth of Saynt Swithine 
Sampford. ffjrst I geve and bequeth unto our ladye 
brethered of Credyton xiji/., also to Seynt Swithine of 
Sampford a )a\ve, allso I geve and bequeth unto John 
Podycomb xij(/., allso I geve and bequeth unto John Owsborne 
prysh clarke viijrt'. Allso I geve and bequeth unto John 
Wreyfford my son my best half dossyn of sylveryn spoons 
allso I geve and bequeth unto the same John my best brasyn 
pott allso I geve and bequeth unto the same John a pessenott 
allso I geve and bequeth unto the same John allff a dossyn 
of vessells pfformyed and a chaffyn dysch of latyn and a 
candelstyc also I geve and bequeth unto the same John a 
fflock bed and a per of blanekeytts allso I geve and bequeth 
unto Richard Cowyll and to Nicholas Dellff to Every of them 
iij^f. iiij^. allso I geve and bequeth unto Maryytt my servant 
\\]s. Vu]d. or a petycowytt clothe allso I will that Richard 
Cowyll and Nicholas Dellff shalbe my overseers and governors 
to see thys my last wyll and testament perforniyd according 
to the desyr of m}' mynd the goods not geve nor bequeth 
I geve and bequeth unto Maryerye my wyff whom I have 
ordaynd and made my Executor trustyn she will dyspose for 
the welth of my sowll as she may se hyt most best or 
convenynte ; herto be wyttnes John Podycomb (clerke), 
Nicholas Dellff, Nycolas Wrefford, John Owsborne, and 
William Ffrost." 

HE 1 -OXSH/RE ]\-jr L S. , , 9 

1595. Thomas Wrayford of Modbur)-, 15th June, 1594. 
To daughter Katherine Pearse, 3 silver spoons. To Mary 
fface her daughter, and to each of Thomas Pearce's children, 
6s. 8d. 

To daughter Mary Su-eete, 3 silver spoons, and to each of 
Henry Surete's four children, 6s. 8d. To Joiiane Face, an 
annuity of 20/- out of land called " Heale," in West Sinford, 
after death of wife Johane. " To Silvanus, my son's child," 
I gilt salt. 

Residue to son William, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2nd August, 1595. 

Sum .^128 4s. 

1596. The last Will of John Wourtli of Crediton, co. Devon, 
dated lOth Jany., 1595. He gives his son John £^ in money, 
"all my best gownes, a goblett of sylver parcel gilt, five silver 
spoons \\ith name engraved on them," etc. 

He makes specific bequests of money and furniture to his 
sons William, George, and Nicholas, and als(i to his daughters 
Christian and Elizabeth. 

Residue to wife Joane, who is Sole Exor. 

Trustees: John Trowbridge and Lawrence Davie. 

Proved 4th June, 1596. 

Note. — Testator was eldest son of John Worthe of ComiJton Pole, 
in Marldon, by Agnes, daughter ot John Bodley of Dunscombe, 
Crediton. His wife " Joane " was daughter of Robert Clark of 

C. 1600. From a terrier in the Principal Registry of the 

"A note concerning the Rectory of Cardj-ngham. 

" Imprimis that y^ Earle of Bath and John Arundell of 
Lanherne, Esquyer, are Patrons of the said benefice and doe 
give the same altcrnis vicibus, and that Mrs. Arundell is to 
present y= ne.Kt turne. 

" Item there is about one hundred akers of land belonging 
to y' glebe of y"" said parsonage the said ground being 
bounded on the East and south with y^ patron's lands and 


on the West side with Mr. John Doorleyne's land, and on 
y= North side with y' Queene's High waye. 

"Item there are no implements belonging to j' said par- 
sonage house. 

John Toker. 

Registrar's Office. 

C. 1600. Helland, co. Cornwall. A note concerning y« 
Rectory of Helland. Mr. Thomas Hale of Fleet in Devon 
is patrone of y' said benefice, who presented John Toker, 
Clerk, now incumbent there. That their is about xvi akers 
of land belonging to the said Rectory. Item their is no 
impliments belonging to the said Rectory. 

John Toker. 

Registrar's Office. 

NoTF. — See Rev. Jolin Toker's Will, Consistorial Court, Jan., 1603. 

1616. Joan Wrayford of Christow, 12th Oct., 1615. 
Legacies to " Sister Richorde " ; to brother Stephen Wrayford ; 
to Wm. Cornish the younger; to kinswoman Elline Cornish; 
and to Susan Cornish. Residue to John Cornish, who is 
Sole Executor. 

Proved 26th July, 1616. 

Sum, ;^4 15s. 6d. 

1627. Probate of the Will of Alexander Arundell, Rector 
of Lapford, granted 9th Nov., 1627, to Mary his Relict and 

Sum, ^^1,009 i6s. 3d. 

(Episcopal Registers.) 

Noi E. — The Ecclesiastical Commissioners state in their report that 
they were unable to find this Will. 

Mrs. Arundell soon consoled herself with another husband, as she 
married her husband's successor at Lapford, on the zist of the 
following February. 

Rev. George Allen, Instituted to Rectory of Lapford, 6th Feby., 

License of Marriage between George Allen, Clerk, Rector of Lapford, 
and Mary Arundell, widow of the s.ime, 21st Feby., 1627. 

Probate of the Will of George Allen, Clerk, Rector of Lapford, 
granted to Mary his Relict, Jany. 29th, 1637. Sum, ;^22S. (Ibid.) 


1627. Probate of the Will of Edmund Peter, late of Ottery 
St. Mary, Granted to Emline, his Relict and Sole Executrix, 
nth Aug., 1627. 

Sum, £2\ I2S. lod. 

(Episcopal Registers.) 

1627. Administration of the Nuncupative Will of Florence 
Lenfee alias Lenfield, of Marwood. Granted to John Tucker 
of the same Parish, in for the children of deceased. 
27th Sept., 1627. 


1628. Administration to the effects of Elizabeth Courtena)-, 
alias Gorges, relict of Edward Courtenay, and Admon. to 
effects unadministered by the said Elizabeth, of William 
Bligh, Esq, deceased, and also of the said Edward Courtenay. 
Granted to Sir Wm. Courtenay, Knight, brother of deceased, 
in tl'.e minority of Peter Courtenay, Esq., Edward Courtenay, 
and Hutton Courtenay, children of said Elizabeth. 

Granted 18th March, 1628. 

(Extracted from the Registers of Bishops of Exeter.) 

Note. — Sir Wm. Courtenay of Powderham, born 1553, died 1630. 
Col. Vivian, in his edition of the "Visitations of Devon," only gives 
him one sister — Jane, wife of Sir Nicholas Parker ; and I find no 
mention of Elizabeth in any other Courtenay pedigree in my possession. 

1629. The Bishop of Exeter, at London, from the house 
of the Earl of Norwich, in the parish of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, 
admitted Robert Herrick, Clerk, Master of Arts, to the 
Vicarage of Dean Prior, vacant by the promotion of Barnabas 
Potter to the See of Carlisle. 

(Episcopal Registers.) 

Note. — This was Robert Herrick, the Poet, author of the " Hespe- 
rides," admitted to this little Devonshire Church upon the presentation 
of King Charles I. He died in 1674, and was buried at Dean 

" The Earl of Norwich," was Edward Denny, knighted by 
Queen Elizabeth; created Earl of Norwich, 1626; died without 
male issue, 20th Dec, 1630. The King then gave the Earldom of 
Norwich to the late Earl's nepliew, the celebrated Lord Goring, 
in 1644. 


1631. "Caveat" against Administration to the effects of 
Katherine "Carey," Widow, of Clovelly, without notice given 
to John Arundell of Trerise, Esq., and Henry " Carye " of 
Clovelly, her son, co-exors. of her last Will and Testament, 
Jan. 2nd, 1631. 
.(Epis. Regs. Exon.) 

1633. Commission for Administration directed to John 
Saunders, Clerk, Vicar of Bodmin, and to Master Peter Tucker, 
Rector of Cardinham, in the case of Susannah, widow of 
Peter Bolt, late of Bodmin, deceased. 29th July, 1633. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

Note. — To enable her to Administer without incuning the trouble 
and expense of a journey to Exeter. 

1633. A similar Commission to Gregory Arundel!, Rector 
of Sheviocke, in the case of Win. Bond. 1 6th Aug., 1633. 

1635. Probate of the Will of Thomas Arundell of Stow- 
ford, gentleman, concerning his goods only within the Diocese 
of Exeter. Granted to Mary, his widow. 12th Jany., 1635. 

(Epis. Reg., Exeter.) 

1636. Probate of the Will of Wui. Sheeres, Clerk, deceased, 
late Rector of St. Stephen's, and of All Hallows, Goldsmith 
Street, Exeter. Granted to Susanna, his wife. I5tli March, 

(Epis. Reg., Exon.) 

1637. Commission for Administration to In the 

matter of Mary, relict of Sir Edward Gyles, Kt. 19th Dec, 

Administration to the estate of Sir Edward G)les, late of 
Dean Prior, deceased, granted to '' Lady Marie G\-les," his 


relict. 20th Jail)-,, 1637. Sum, ^^968 5.S. 8d. Inventon- 
exhibited, 24th Jany. {Ibid.) 
(Epis. Reg., Exon.) 

Note. — Lady Gyles was Mary, daughter and heir of Edmund 
Drewe of Hayne. She had no issue. Sir Edward Gyles, Knight, 
was one of Prince's " \\'orthies " of Devon. For an account of him, 
see also the Editor's " Ashburton and its Neighbourhood," p. 134, 
et seq. ; also " Devonshire Parishes," by same author. Vol. i., p. 306. 

1639 Administration of the e.state of Silvester Whiteway of 
Ashburton, deceased. Granted to Humphrey Tooker of the 
City of Exeter, Merchant. 2nd Nov., 1639. 

(Epis. Regs, Exon.) 

1640. Probate of the Will of Hugh Clifford, Esq., of 
Bremell, in the parish of Ashton. Granted to Marie his 
relict. 27th March, 1640. 

Sum, li-A, 8s. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1643. Probate of the Will of John Baker of the City of 
Exeter, Merchant, deceased. Granted to Thomas Baker, 
Clerk, and Anne Tucker, his children and Co-P^xors. "Ejus 
filiis et co-executoribus." 29th Feb., 1643. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon ) 

1643. The last Will of Marie Gib* of St. George's. She 
leaves ^^8 to her son John Gibb.t and i/- each to her son 
John Gibbes his children. ^'15 to her son Andrew Gibbe, 
and 10/- each to his children. She leaves also leg.icies to 
Marie, the daughter of George Gibb ; William, the son of 
George Gibb ; and George, the son of George Gibb. She 
gives 6/8 to the poor of Clyst St. George, and 4/- to the 

• Second wife of George Gibb, and sister of Andrew \.< 
Archdeaconry of Exon., Aug. 24th, 1606. George Gibb, he 
t Refer to Archdeaconry of Exon., April, 1644. 


poor of Whimple. The residue of her goods she bequeaths 
to George Gibb,* her son, and Executor of her Will. 

Overseers— Richard Parker and Robert Gibb.t the son of 
John Gibbt of Clyst St. George. 

Will dated August lOth, 1640. 

Proved, i643.§ 

Witnesses § — 

1643. Administration to the effects of Zachary Hooker, 
alias "Howell" {iiot Voivell\ Clerk, Rector of Caryhais, 
deceased. Granted to Grace, his relict. 28th Jan., 1643. 

Sum, £\9\ los. 

(Epis. Regs.) 

Note. — He was the fourth son of John Hoker, alias Vowell, 
Chamberlain of Exeter, and author of the celebrated " History of 
the City," still in MS., by his second wife, Anastasia, daughter 
of Edward Bridgman of Exeter. "Visit. Devon," 1564. 

Rev. Zachary Hooker was succeeded at " Caryhayes " by the Rev. 
John Archer, upon the presentation of Joan Beauford of Columb 
Major, widow, by grant from the true Patrons — Bernard Tanner, 
Esq., and John Coke, Esq. 15th May, 1644. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1644. Probate of the Will of William Lake, late of 
bury, deceased. Granted to John Lake, his son. 15th April, 

Sum, £\\^ 17s. 4d. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1645. Probate of the Will of Nicholas "Carwithy" of the 
City of Exeter. Granted to Margaret, his wife. 19th June, 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

Note. — Nicholas Carwithen of St. Petrock's, Exeter. His grand- 
son, John Carwithen, Town Clerk of Exeter, purchased the advowson 

• Administration in P.C.C, Nov., 1660. 

t Court of Vicars Choral, Feb. 27th, 1701-2. 

t Eldest son of George Gibb, husband of testatrix, by his 

§ Witnesses and precise date of Probate wanting. 


of the Rectory of Manaton for ^100 for the term of 1,000 years, 
from Francis Kirkham in 1720; and in 1723 purchased the fee 
thereof for /^5 5s. His brother Thomas Carwithen had been instituted 
to this Rectory in i6g8, and it has ever since remained with his 
descemlants, the present Rector, 1893, being the Rev. VVilUani 
Henry Carwithen, A.M., many years Vicar of Aylesbeare, and a 
kinsman, through Melhuisli, of Editor's. Since 1698, nine Carwithens 
have been Rectors of Manaton, but there have been four inter- 
missions — 1753, 1766, 1848, 1887. 

1644. Probate of tlie Will of Mark Law, Clerk, Vicar of 
Ashburton. Granted to Marie, his relict. 23rd Jany., 1644. 
Sum, ;^98 i8s. 4d. 
(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

Note. — He was the son of the Venerable Robeit Law, Archdeacon 
of Barnstaple and Treasurer of Exeter Cathedral, and succeeded his 
father in the Vicarage of Ashl)urton, 1629. He married Maria 
Tidball, daughter of the Rev. Samuel Tidball, Master of Ashburton 
Grammar School, by whom he was himself succeeded in the Vicarage 
of Aslihurton, which Editor's father, the Rev. Charles Worthy, sub- 
sequently held from 1861 to his death in 1879. 

1644. Probate of the Will of Robert Carey of Launceston. 
Granted 17th F"cby., 1644, to Alice, his wife. 
(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1645. Administration to the estate of Richard Hill, late 
Rector of Manaton, to James Hill his grandson. And of 
William Hill, late Rector of Manaton, to said James his 

Both dated 26th/Nov., i''.45. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

NoTK.— Rev. Richard Hill was instituted to Manaton, March 21st, 
1579, and died in 161 2, when he was succeeded by his son William, 
who died 1645. 

James Hill, the above Administrator, was instituted to Manaton, 
27th Nov., 1645. On his death in 1661, he was fdlowed by the 
Rev. James Eastchurch, whose successor was the Rev. Thomas 
Carwithen, 19th May, 1698. (See previous note, 19th June this 


1646. Peter Hole, of North-Tawton, 19th Feby., 21st 
Charles. He gives to wife Margery his whole estate in a 
Tenement called Farthinges, in the parish of Zeal Monachnrum. 
He mentions Robert Hole his brother. To daughter Alice 
Hole, £10. To son John Hole, £,10 at 21. To daughter 
Elinor Hole, ^^30 at 21. To son Andrew Hole, £,10 at 21. 
To wife Margery, an acre of best rye growing at Higher 
Nichols-Nymtt. Exor. to maintain liis son John until he is 
21, and to have the "labours" of the said John in e.Kchange. 

Residue to son William, who is Sole Executor. 

Rulers— Mark Cottle, Esq., brother Robert Hole, John Gould, 
gentm., John Splatt and David Westron. 

Proved, 5th Jul}-, 1646. 

Note. — The Chatell lease of Nichols-Nyniet is valued in the 
Inventory at ^390. 
" Farthinges " at ^'28. 

1648. Affidavit of John Tookcr and Joane Crabb, Exors. 
to the Will of Edmund Tooker, Carpenter, of Milton Abbot, 
made ist Dec, 1648. 

No \\'ill annexed. 

Sum, £\A,l I2S. 5d. 

Note. — The co]iy of the Will is in " Cimsistory Archives at Exeter 
Cathedral." (See " Consi.storial Court," Feby., 1647.) 

1665. .A-dministration to the effects of Roger Wreyford. 
Granted to Wm. Tucker, Emanuel Harvey, and Wm. Wrey- 
ford, Overseers named in the Will of said deceased, in 
minority of Nicholas Wreyford the son. 14th July, 1665. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1665. Administration to the effects of Jane Osmond, late 
of Tiverton, deceased. Granted to Thomas Hussey and John 
Gill in the Minority of Alice and Jane Bryant, the Executors. 
31st July, 1665. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 


1666. The Will of Edward Arundell, jun., late of North 
Molten, Gentleman, was proved by John Arundell, his brother 
and Executor. 25th July, 1666. 

(Epis. Regs., Exon.) 

1666. Probate of the Will of Dorothy Gary, late of 

Exeter. Granted to the Very Rev. George Gary, Dean of 

Exeter. 7th Sept., 1666. 

(Epis. Regs.) 

Note. — She was third daughier of William Gary of Clovelly, by 
his second wife, Dorothy, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Gorges. 
Col. Vivian, "Visitation of Devon," notes that she was "dead 
before 1674." 

Her brother George — Dean of Exeter, 1663 — was twice offered the 
Bishopric of Exeter by Charles II., but declined the dignity. King 
Charles I. had presented him to the Rectory of Clovelly, 1638, and 
he was buried there, Feby., i68o-i, at. 69. His eldest brother, 
" Sir Robert Gary, Kt.," was Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to 
Charles II. 

1667. " Memorandum : That on the 27th March, 1667, 
Mr. Gascoigne Canham of Arlington, Gierke, as undoubted 
Patron of Bralton Fleming, did, by deed, grant to the Master 
and Fellows of Gonville and Gains College, Cambridge, the 
perpetual advowson of the said Rectory of Bratton F'leming, 
to present the eldest fellow of said College." 

(Epis. Reg.s.) 

Note. — Mr. Canham was 55 years Rector of Arlington, and was 
buried there in 1667. Bratton Fleming has a tithe rent charge, 
according to the commutation, of ;^435 per annum, and there are 
256 J acres of Glebe. The populaiion in 1881 was 523. 

1670. Probate of the Nuncupative Will of George Arun- 
dell of Launce.ston. Granted to Richard Killiowe, the Executor. 
9th Feby., 1670. 

(Epis. Reg.s.) 


1671. Probate of the Will of Jonathan Fox, late of Lancclls, 
deceased 31st August, 1671. Granted, Sept. 1671, to Wm. 
Potter, Executor " during minority." 

(Epis. Regs.) 

1671. The last Will of Peter Toker of Cardinham, Cornwall, 

To eldest daughter, Mary Toker, and to eldest son, 
Matthew Toker, all messuages, lands, &c., in Penstrode and 
Blissland, to them and their heirs, with reversion in default 
thereof to daughter Katherine, wife of Christopher Worthe- 
vail, gentm., and to her heirs of body. To son Mark Toker, 
" the bidstcad on which he now lyeth." 

Residue to daughter Katherine, who. is Sole Executrix. 

No Act. 

Sum of personalit)-, £i\g i6s. sd. 

(Registrar's Office, Exeter.) 

Note. — Deceased was Rector of Cardinham. Commission to Ad- 
minister Oaths, dated 8th January, 167 i. 

1671. The Nuncupative Will of Jonathan Fox of Lancells, 
Husbandman, dated 20th June, 1671. He gives to his sister, 
Grace Fox, one white pigge of one year old. To his wife 
Julian, a Tenement at Ossington in Lancells, Co. Cornwall, 
until she succeeds to the moiety of the tenement at Whitistone 
in said County, after the decease of her mother Ulalia Addams. 
Reversion of Ossington then to his children Ulalia and 
Jonathan Fox. Ossington is held on lease determinable on 
the lives of Testator's sisters, Mary, wife of Wm. Potter, and 
Grace Fox. Residue to Philip Boteler of Pancras Wick, and 
Wm. Potter of Uffculnie in trust for said children ; they are 

Witnesses — Wm. Potter, Lydia Cole, and Mary Potter. 

Admon. to Wm. Potter, clothier, of Uffculme. 31st Aug., 
1 67 1. 

Sum, i"52 7s. 6d. 


1674. The last Will of Thomas Granger of Liskeard, and 
Rector of St. Mel\-an in the County of Cornwall, Clerk. 
Dated, 4th July, 1673. To the poor of St. i\lelyan, 20/-. 
To son Thomas Granger, " all my books " and £50, " advanced 
to him to be laid out on a morti^a^^e of a tenure in the 
Duchy Manor of Calstock, the said Thomas being now the 
tenant." To said son's wife Elizabeth, 20/-. To son-in-law 
Robert Warren, 20/-, and to daughter I'riscilla, wife of said 
Robert, 20/-, and a further legacy of ;{^2o. 

Residue to wife PrisciUa, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Proved 9th April, 1674. 

Sum, ^238 los. 6d. 

Note. — It appears, from the Inventory, that the Rector's library 
was valued in jQ^o. 

i6j7. The last Will of Roger Drake of Stoakstowne in 
the Co. of Wexford, Gentm. 20th Oct., 1677. To each of 
his daughters, and to that child his wife "now goeth with," 
£120. He leaves a life interest in his property to his wife 
Hannah, with reversion to his "only son " John Drake. To 
■sister Anne Skinner, ^^'20. 

Residue to wife Anne, who is Sole Executrix. 

Two Trustees. 

Witnesses — Dennis DriscoU, Clerk, Barbara Rowles, Mary 

Proved, Prin. Regy., Exon , 14th March, 1677, by Hannah 
Drake the Executrix. 

(Registrar's Office, Exeter.) 

Note. — This Will is especially interesting, as it is not to be found 
at Exeter Probate Court. I came upon it accidentally in the Office 
of the Registrar of the Diocese. It was evidenily, from the names 
of two of the witne.sses, executed in Ireland, and would, therefore, 
be scarcely likely to be looked for at Exeter. 

1682. Will, with Codicil, of John Peter, Clerk, late Vicar 
of St. Enodoc, Co. Cornwall. Probate granted, 14th Dec, 
1682, to "Renato" Peter, son and Exor. 

(Ep:s. Regs.) 


16S3. The last Will of George Gibbs* the elder, of Clyst 
St. George, Yeomaa. To the poor of the Parish, 40/-. To 
George Gibbs, his eldtst son, the goods and household stuff 
in his dwelling-house. To Samuel Gibbs, his son, 20/-, and 
the land which he had purchased for him in Clyst St. George, 
to him and his heirs for ever. To Sarah Goulswortliy, his 
daughter, £20. To Henry Goulswortliy, his grandson, 5s. 
To Thomas Goulsworthy, his grandson, ;^5. To Elizabeth 
Hen]e)',t 20/-, and 3/- to each of her three sons. To his 
son Abraham, I all the resitlue of his goods. 

Will dated March 6th, 16S2-3. Proved by Abraham Gibbs, 
Sole Executor, August 1st, 1683. 

Overseers — Will'". Clare, Thomasin Toake, Samuel Truelake. 

1683. Administration to the effects, &c., of John Wreyford 
of Beerferrers, granted to Elizabeth his relict 27th Aug., 1683. 
Matthew Wreyford of Dunterton, Surgeon, joins the bond. 

1685. The la^t Will of Ann, daughter of Nicholas Borlase 
of Trelodro, Esqr., deceased. Dated 3rd July, 1685. To nephews, 
Giles Chichester, ^lOO; John Chichester, ^200. To niece, 
Ursula Chichester, ^^150, and 5 broad pieces of gold. To niece, 
Prudence Chichester, similar legacy. Legacies to "kinsfolk," 
children of William Borlace, viz., John, Joan, Ann, and to the 
j-oungest son of Phillipe Lincoln and to Margt. Chichester. 
Legacy to Mary, dau. of Henry Borlace ; godchildren, Nicholas 
James and John Hawton. Servant, Mary James, an annuity of 
£b. i^200 to be spent on the funeral, at direction of " Sister 
Chichester." Residue to niece, Katherine Chichester, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Exors. in trust, during minority of Executrix, Walter Blunt, 
Sir John Southcote, Edward Gary, Esq., and brother, John 
Chichester. Proved 17th Oct., 1688. 

Crest-Seal — " A Wolf passant." 

Note. — See Dec. igtb, 1701, post. 

* So signed. He is called Gibbs in the AVill. Eldest son of John Gibbs 
10 elder, of Clyst St. George, was buried there, Jidy l8th, 1683. 

t Wife of Benjamin lirinley. % .afterwards of Exeter, 166S. 


16S7. George Pollard of Fremington, Esqr., 29th April, 1687. 
He desires to be buried near his brother " Slowley " if he happens 
to die in Fremington. If not, then near his brother, Robert 
Pollard, at King's-Nympton. He mentions his brother " Sir 
Ames Pollard Bart." and his sister Dorothy Slowley. His 
cousin, Margaret Pollard. 

Proved 8th March, 16S7. 

1688. Probate of the will of Sir Edward Seymour of Berrj', 
granted to Dame Anne his wife, I5tli Jany., 16SS. 
Epis. Regs. 

1692. Michael Wrayford of Bovey Trac)', 9th May, 1692. 
To sons John, Michael, and William, and to daughters Elizabeth, 
Sarah, and Mary is. each. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — George and Elizb. Wrayford. 

Proved 2nd Aug., 1692. 

Sum £l'/. 

1693. Administration to the effects of Francis Pollard, 
granted to her niece Margaret Hartnell, wife of John Hartnell, 
Sir Ames Pollard, brother of deceased, having renounced. 

17th April, 1693. 

1698. The last Will of Margaret Prideaux* of Shobrooke, 
CO. Devon, widow, " being ancient." She leaves to the poor of 
Sandford, South Molton, and Holdworthy £\o each parish ; 
to the poor of Bradvvorthy lOs., and of Shobrooke £^. ^50 to 
Mary Trosse, daughter of her cousin Mary Trosse of Exeter ; 
^^50 to Thomas Trosse, son of her cousin Thomas Trosse of 
Upincott ; and ^50 to his sister Margaret Trosse, desiring 
Mr. James Newton their grandfather to be their guardian. ;6^20 

* Daughter of . . . Lane and widow of . . . Hunt. (See Pedigree of Prideaux 
and Biune, p. 34). Married Nicholas, eldest son of Nicholas Prideaux, of Soldon, 
Co. Devon. 


t<5 Simon Hall the elder of Shobiooke, and £\0 to John Hall 
his son. i^20 to John Croome of Milton Damcrei. Theadvow- 
son of Plyniptree and £200 to her cousin Robert Mercer, son of 
her cousin John Mercer of Ottery St. Mary, deceased. £\0O 
to William Mercer, son of her cousin William Mercer of Budley. 
;£'ioo to John Mercer, son of her said cousin John Mercer. To 
John Mercer, giandson of her said cousin John Mercer, all lier 
lands, &c., in Ipplepen, to him and his heirs. Also to Malachy 
Mercer, brother to said John, and his heirs the messuage called 
Ford in the Parish of Cheriton Fitz Paj-ne. Also to Richard, 
brother of the said John and Malach)', and his heirs, her liouse 
in Ottery, a house in Shobrooke and ;£'ioo. Also to Jael 
Mercer* their sister ^800 " if she be not married before my 
decease." Her cousins Isaac Gibbsf of Exeter and Joseph 
Olliver of Exwick to be guardians of the four children last 
named. To her sister Agnes Mercer| her tenement in Sowton 
called Waiconibes for life, and after her death to Nicholas and 
Henrj' Ashe, sons of her cousin Henry Ashe of Swoton, on 
condition that they pay their sisters Elizabeth and Anne Ashe 
£aoo each. Also to Margaret, Joseph, and John Oliver, 
children of her said cousin Joseph Olliver, all her lands 
in South Molton, North Molton, Chittlehampton, Bishops 
Nympton, and Bow, on condition that they pay Benjamin, 
Mary, and Elizabeth Oliver, their brother and sisters, ^^50 
each. Also to Anne Gibbs, daughter of her said cousin Isaac 
Gibbs, her house in Northgate- Street in Exeter. Various 
legacies to John Hawkins ; John Downe ; Joane Baker ; Mary 
Ware; Southcott Luttrell, Esqre., and Joane his wife; John 
Moore, Esq , and Elizabeth his wife . . Olliver of Cowley, 
Esqre., and his wife ; to her cousin Joseph Olliver ; to her cousin 
Isaac Gibbs and Elizabeth Gibbs§ his mother ; to her cousin 
Mr. Henry Ashe of Sowton and his wife ; to William Mercer 
and Budley his wife ; to Sarah Mercer|| of Ottery, widow of John 

* Mentioned in the Will of Elizabeth Gandy, of Exeter, 17 19.— See next page. 

t Isaac Gibbs married first Anne, daughter of John Mercer, of Ottery St. Mary, 
by Sarah his wife. Admon. May, 1726, C.P.C, and Sep., 1778. Archd. Court, 

X Agnes, wife of William Mercer, and mother of John abovenamed. 

§ Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac Mauduit, of Exeter, wife of Abraham Gibbs, of 
Exeter, whose will in C.P.C. Nov. 6, 1668. 

II Sarali, daughter of Robert Huntinglon, of Stanton Ilarcourt, Co. Oxon., 
married 1657 to John Mercer of Oltery S. Mary. 


Mercer, deceased ; to John Mercer of Ottery and his wife ; to 
Mary Trosse of Exeter, widow ; to Thomas Trosse of Upincott 
and his wife ; to Symon Hall the elder of Shobroolce ; and X.o the 
said John Croom and his wife. To John Gibbs,* son of her 
said cousin Isaac Gibbs of Exeter all her lands in Shobrooke, 
Cheriton, and Crediton (not before given) to him and his heirs 
for ever, or, in default of such issue, to his sister Anne Gibbs, or, 
in default, to the right heirs of her cousin Isaac Gibbs, and in 
default of such heirs to John Mercer, grandson of her cousin 
John Mercer, deceased, and to his heirs. 

Residue of Realty and Personalt)- to the said John Gibbs. 
Will dated March 9, 1697/8. 

Admon with will annexed to Isaac Gibbs during the minority 
of John Gibbs, Sole E.Kor., iSth Octr., 169S. 

Probate to John Gibbs, August 7th, 1704. 

Parties to administration bond, Isaac Gibbs of Exeter, Eliza- 
beth Gibbs of the same, widow, and Elizabeth Gand\' of tlie 
same, widow. 

1701. Admon. de Bon's non to the effects of .\w\ Borlace, 
late of Trelodio, in the Count}' of Cornwall, and of Arlington, 
in the Co. of Devon. Unadministered b\- John Chichester, one 
of the exors. Granted to Gyles Chichester, nephew of deceased, 
19th Dec, 1 70 1. 

"The original will was proved in common form y" 7th Oct., 
1685, in which bundle you will find.\° original will. 

Note. — See Oct. 17th, 163S, a7ite. 

1701. Reimnciation of Richard and Daniell Tucker of Cruse 
Morchard to the effects of Joan Pa)-n of Caddel\-, who died 
1st March, 1700. 

"Their own sister's daughter and next of kin." 

They desire that admon. be granted to Richard Smith of 
Cheriton, the Sole Exor. under the said Joan Payne's nuncupa- 
tive will. 

From Archives Prin. Regy., Exeter Cathedral. 

* John Gibbs, of Exeter. Will in Regisiry, Exeler, Nov. I, 1742. 


1704. Probate of the Will f>f William Arundell, late of 
Filleigh, clerk, deceased. Granted to Honor his relict. 
6th Sept., 1704. 

Epis. Regs. 

1704. Administration of the estate of the male child of John 
Arundell and Margaret his wife, deceased before baptism. 
Granted to John his said father 25th Jany., 1704-5. 

Epis. Regs. 

1706. Administration of the effects of Robert Gary of Sid- 
bury, granted to Susanna his relict 14th Feby., 1706. 
Sum ^102 5s. 4d. 
Epis. Regs. 

1706. William Hole of North Tawton, 21st Oct., 1704 (Yeo- 
inan). To wife Joane ;^8o. To daugliter-in-law Mary Moore 
£\. To Thomas Crispin's children, "that he had by his wife 
Anne," £g. To kinsman Richard Hole of the parish of Bundley 
" my interest in Loutton in said parish" and the sum of i^io. 
To kinsman Thomas Hole of Zeal Monachorum 20s. To 
kinswoman Prudence, wife of James French of North Tawton, 
40s. per annum. Mentions his kinsman Peter Ware of North 
Tawton. Residue to brother Andrew, who is Sole E.xecutor. 

Proved 22nd May, 1706. 

Inventory ;^653 8s. 4d. 

\'alue of Chdttle estates ^^450. 

1 70S. Admon. of John Tucker of Morwenstow, granted 
15th Dec, 170S, to Narcissus Hatherleigh, Gentm., of Bideford, 
John Honny of Kilkliampton, Gentm., and Arthur Judd of 
Bradworthy, Gentm. 

Under £^00. 

From Archives Prin. Regy., Exeter Cath. 


1709. Appointment of Trustee for Gilbert Yard of his mother 
Joan Yard, he being a minor of the age of 12 years, and heir 
at law to the estate of his late grandmother Elizabeth Yard 
late of Bradley, in the parish of Highw-jck, intestate. 

Si-ned Gilbert Yarde. 

Witnesses — William Kayner and Francis Pocock. 

Sell of Arms — Arg. a saltire engrailed ciin. (Raj-nerj 
Impaling, arg. on a fess indented betw. 3 delves, each charged 
with a lion ramp., 3 roundles (Rolle). 

Date i6th Nov., 1709. 

Registrar's Office, Exeter. 

Note. — Elizabeth Yard, the grandmother, was widow of Gilbert 
Yard of Bradley, and daughter of Henry Norihleigh of Peamore. Joan 
Yard, the mother, was widow of Gilbert Yard of Bradley, and dau. and 
heir of Henry Blackaller of Sharpham. Gilbert Yard, aged 12, 1709, 
sold Bradley to Mr. Thomas Yeale in i75r. He had two sons, Giles 
and James. Giles Yard purchased Trowbridge in Crediton parish, 
which is now the property of Mr. John Y.ird. See my " Devonshire 
Parishes," Vul. H., p. 294. 

1710. Thomas Granger, Clerk and "Minister of God's word 
at Lammerton," Nov. 14th, 1709. He desires to be buried in 
the church}-ard there near his " dear wife." To the poor there 
20s. To son Thomas £100. To Lydia, wife of said Thomas, 
and to each of his children, £\. To daughter Elizabeth, wife 
of Joseph Vill, and to each of their children, £\. To sister 
Priscilla W'arren and to her daughter Sarah, £\. 

Residue to son Edmund, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — John Doidge, Thomas Burnaford, Joanna Doidge. 

Proved 2nd Nov., 17 10. 

Note. — Refer to 9th April, 1674 The mention of sister Priscilla 
proves that deceased was son of Thomas Granger, Rector of St. Melynn. 

171 1. Administration to the effects of Thomas Pollard of 
Abbots Bickington, granted 7th Nov., 171 1, to Sarah his 


17 19. The lasl Will of John Osmond of Exeter, M.D. He 
desires to be privately interred in the night in " the Chappel 
where Bishop Oldam lies buried in St. Peter's Church, if the 
Church of Exeter will permit." i^ioo to be expended on his 
funeral. To his " wife" ^lOO, and ^^50, " which was the bequest 
of her sister Mrs. Dorothy Champneys," together with £\o, 
" the bequest of Mrs. Catherine Pollard." To sister Ehzabeth 
Pyle ;f20. To nephew and niece, John and Elizabeth Hare, 
;^50 each at 25. "To my dear wife" Rings, Jewels, Gold Box 
and tlie "Broad pieces" "that belong to it," "her gold watch, 
Pearl necklace, wearing apparel, and Books." Plate to be 
equally divided between " my wife and my executrix." " To 

my Anne Champneys living with me" i^20. To "my 

wife's brother, Mr. Arthur Champneys, and to his daughter, .^^lo. 

Residue to sister " Mrs. Rebeckah Osmond, who is Sole 

Will dated 4th Jany., 1712. Proved 29th March, 1719. 

Witnesses — John Vinicombe. 
Wm. Pitfield. 
Christopher Hunt. 

Seal — A fess dancettee charged with 9 ermine spots. 

Crest — An Eagle displayed. 

Note. — Dr. Osmond was buried as he desired in St. Saviour's Chapel 
in Exeter Cathedrdl. He died 3rd April, 1716, st. 60. From his 
epitaph we learn that his wife's name was " Honora." His library was 
sold at his house in the Cathedral Close i6th July, 17 16. The arms of 
Osmond of Uplowman, Halberton, and Tiverton, four descents, are 
registt-red in the V. of 1620. They are S. a fess dancettee, erm. in 
ch., an Eagle displd., arg. 

1 7 19. John Pollard of Beavvorthy in the County of Devon, 
Clerk. He leaves his son Thomas los. Daughter Amy, wife 
of John Shepperd, ^5. Daughter Elizabeth, wife of Robert 
ffiiiey, £'^. Daughter Susanna, wife of Wm. Harris, ;^5. 
Daughter Priscilla, wife of John Herring, ^5. To son John ^10. 

Residue to daughter Jane Pollard, who is Sole E.xecutrix. 

Dated 12th Nov., 1719. Proved 13th P'eby,, 1719-20. 

Sum £']\ I2S. 6d. 


1724. Andrew Hole of North Tawton. He leaves to his s. .n 
Andrew his interest in the Tenement k-nown as Wood in Loose- 
beare and parish of Zeal Monachorum, charged with the pa}'- 
ment of i^iotoson William. To son Richard, Tenements called 
Lower Reave and Church Parks in the pari'^h of Brushford, 
charged with paj-ment of ;^200 to daughter Susannah. To son 
Peter Hole, /i 50. To son John Hole, ^5. To daughter Eliza- 
beth White, 20s. To Jane Newcomb, 5s. Mentions " Mr. Robert 
Hole and Peter Ware." Testator reserves the Tenement called 
Nymets Nicholl. Residue to son Richard, who is Sole E.xor. 

Reversion of Brushford propert}' to son Andrew. 

Proved 29th Jany., 1724. 

1726. William Burlace of Plymouth, Gentleman. Dated 
30tli March, 1726. He discharges his nephew John Burlace of 
" Pendiens," Esqr., of i?700 due to him, but to pay the interest 
thereof To cousin Mary Pendarvis, formerl)' Mary Pearse, 
;^iOO "due to me in her maiden name, and since confirmed by 
her husband Henry Pendarvis." To Elizb. Condy of Plymouth, 
;^20. Residue to John Gennys of Pl}'mouth, merchant, and 
his heirs for ever. He is Sole E.Kor. 

Witnesses — John Elliot, sen. and jun. ; John Wicote. 

Proved lOth Oct., 1726. 

Seal — Arms of Borlase. Erm. on a bend, two hands tearing 
asunder a horse shoe. A crescent for difference (Borlase). 
Crest, a wolf passant regardant. 

1728. Admon. to the effects of Robert Borlase, late of 
Newlyn, Co. of Cornwall, deceased. Granted 4th Aug., 1728, 

to Teresa his sister. 

1728. John Tucker of Totnes, Dyer, 24th Jan}-., 1726. To 
his mother Susanna Tucker, one suit of mourning. To sister 
Elizabeth the same. To daughter Susanna Tucker, his house 
and ^100 at 21. He gives all his property to said daughter 
Susanna after the death of her mother, with reversion, failing 


heirs, to his said sifter Elizabeth, provided his wife is not witli 
child when he dies, but sliould slie have a son, said son to 
inherit the lands and pay his sister Susanna i^ioo more. 

Wife Elizabeth Sole Executrix. Residue undisposed of. 

Witnesses — Joseph Fox, Frederick Cross, Wtn. Churchward. 

Proved 6th Aug., 1728. 

1730. License granted to James Sheppard, Esqr., to remove 
the "corps" of his deceased mother from Ciiudleigh Church, 
and to re-inter it with his father Sir James Sheppard deceased, 
one of His Majesty's Sergts. at Law, in the Church of Honyton, 
April 2 1st, 1730. 

Epis. Reg., Exon. 

1733. The last Will of Tryphoena Gibbs of Topsham, "of 
considerably advanced age." Leaves ^^65 to Edward Rowe* 
of Exeter and Lawrence Rowef of Shobrooke, Gentn., and all 
her wrought plate, to be divided between her three grand- 
children+ Geoige Abraham, Anna, and John, the first and 
second to have ^^30 apiece, and John ^^5. 

Will dated Nov. 20th, 1727. Proved May 17th, 1733. 

Executors her daughters Elizabeth Pett and Mar)' Peters.§ 

Witnesses — Elizabeth Row and John Conant. 

1733. Bond of i^io from David Evans of the city of Exeter, 
Locksmith, and Francis Bidwell of the s.ime. Serge Weaver, to 
Walter Husband of Whitestone, Co. Cornwall, Gentm. — the 
condition being that Richard Tucker and Susanna his wife, 
alias Call, having received a legacy of £\o under the will of 
Stephen Call, late of Stratton, from the s.iid Walter Husbantl, 
surviving Exor. to said will, the above bounden shall be respon- 
sible for the debts of said Stephen Call. 

Registrar's Office, Exeter. 

* Her brother. t Son (jf her elJcr brother WilUam Rowe. 

+ George Abraham Gibbs [P. C. C., 1795] and Anna Gibbs, children of her son 
Aliraham [Dean and Ch. 1726] by his Hrst wife .Mary Monke ; and John his son by 
his second wife Sarah Lyie. 

§ Wile of Nicholas Peters of Topsham, Surgeon [Will I'r. Reg., 1747]. married at 
Clyst St. George, March 8th, 17 19. 


1737. Thomas Mole of Bcerc in North Tawtoii, Yeoman. 
9tli April, 1737. To wife Elizabeth, £i,. To daughter Eliza- 
beth, ;^200. To daughter Catheiine, ^^200. To kinswoman 
Eh'zb. Dennaford, 40s. To son Thomas and his heirs male 
and female, " the lands of my inheritance k-nown as Becre & 
my tenmt. called West Lee, in the parish of Coleridge." 

Residue to said son Thomas, who is Sole E.\or. 

Exors. in Trust, all children being under 21, father-in-law, 
Roger Durant of Zeal Monachorum ; brother-in-law, George 
Uurant of North Tawton ; kinsman, Wtn. Skinner of North 

Testator is owner of " Lower Nichols-Nymet." Provision of 
;^6oo for a boy, ^^200 for a girl, should his wife be enciente 
at his death. 

Proved 15th July, 1737, by Roger and George Durant. 

Note. — The Skinners were of Ashridge in Nortli Tawton. The 
daughter and co-heir married Orchard; their daughter, Cornish, the 
present owner of Ashridge. 

1738. Edmund Granger of Cru\v}-s Rlorchard, Clerk-. 
20th Aug., 1737. Desires to be buried in the churchyard there 
near his wife. To the poor, 30s. ; and to those of Brainpford 
Speke, 20s. To daughters Elizabeth and Susannah Granger, 
^100 each. To sons Thomas and Edmund Granger, m}' Study 
of Books, " they giving my two daughters such books of divinity 
and morality as shall be thought most proper and consistent for 

Residue to said children, the two sons being joint Exors. 

Witnesses — Daniel Domett ; Peter Pridham ; William Hak- 

Pioved 19th April, 1738. 

Note. — Rtfer to Nov. 2nd, 1710. Edmund Granger w:is institute<l 
to the Vicarage of Brampford Speke 24th Aug., 1708. His successor 
there, Thomas Johnson, was admitted 30th May, 1738. He was 
buried at Cruse Morchard, as he desired, 21st J.uuiary, 1737. 


1742. The last Will of John Gibbs of Exeter, Esqre. 
Desires to be buried by his father* in the Church of St. Mary 
Arches, Exeter. Leaves his lands in Exeter to pay his 
debts. Gives ^20 each to his kinsman Henry Gandy,t and 
Jael [Mercer] his wife ; and to his sons-in-law Stephen Weston, 
Dr. Ballyman, and Samuel Pierce of Shobrooke, leaving to 
these three last in trust, for liis daughter Anne Ballyman 
and her heirs, the manor of Cross in Cheriton Fitzpaine, 
Poughill, and Morchard Cruwys, and all other manors, except 
that of Shute and Satchfield in Cheiiton Fitzpaine, and 
certain lands in Shobrooke which were entailed by his aunt 

Sealed with arms and crest as George Gibbs, 1691. 

Executrix — Anne Ballyman. 


Will dated Nov. 2nd, 1741. Proved Nov. 1st, 1742. 

1744. Administration to the effects of Charles Granger of 
Woodbury. Granted to Martha liis wife 5th Nov., 1744. 
Under £\i,. 

1747. Richard Hole of North Tawton, Clerk, 1st May, 
1747. Being stized in fee of the perpetual advowson of 
the Rectory of North Tawton, and intending that it shall 
remain in his name and family, he bequeaths it to his 
nephew Thomas Hole, son of brother Robert Hole, and his 
heirs male ; failing such to Richard, son of said Robert Hole, 
and his heirs. 

Upon trust that one of said Testator's name and family shall 
always be presented upon any avoidance, with preference to the 
heir in possession if duly qualified to hold it. His " worthy 
friend " Wm. Hole, Archdeacon of Barnstaple, to have the said 
Rectory in commendam aftt-r his death under a bond of ^4,000, 

* Isaac Gibljs. Admon. 1726. 

t Son of Simon Gandy and Elizabeth his wife, sister of the said 
of Abraham Gibbs, 1668. 

X Margaret, wile of . . . Prideaux was the aunt of Anne Me 


to resign it wlien an)' of Testator's name and famil}- can take it. 
Every incumbent to give a bond of ii'1,000 to reside upon the 
said living. To said nephew Richard Hole the foe-simple of 
Larkwortli}' in North Tawton. Mentions niece Mary Hole, 
daughter of s^id brother Rol ert. To nephew Richard, son of 
brother Emmanuel Hole, £^0. To kinsman Wm. Pidsley of 
Colebrook, ;^50. To nephew Richard Hole of Colebrook, son 
of brother Thomas, ^50. Bequests to niece Lucy, wife of 
George Hert of Highampton ; niece Rebecca, wife of Roger 
Hert of Burrington ; and to Gertrude Hert and Mary Hert, 
" my servant maids." To the first child of niece Martha 
Hearding, ^100. 

Exor.s. in trust, Revd. Jolin Heath of Sampford Courtcnay ; 
William Pidsley ; Richard Hole of Colebrook ; and Richard 
Hole of Exeter (nephew), for benefit of said nephew Thomas 

Proved 27th June, 1747. 

1748. The last Will of Ann Gregson- of Exeter. Leaves 
her husband William Gregson- the manors of Shute and Satch- 
field in Cheriton Fitzpayne, and lands in Shobrooke (which she 
tliinks were entailed by her aunt Prideaux's willf on Ann ALaria 
Heath for life) for his life ; remainder to Samuel Pierce of 
Gendacott her brother-in-law, and to Stephen Weston, Esqre., 
of Exeter, in trust for her daughter Elizabeth Pierce.^ To the 
same persons also she devises her manors of Cross, &c., and all 
other her manors in Devonshire, and the rest of the estates 
which came to her from her father.§ 


Will dated Feb. 3rd, 1747-S. Proved 174S. 


* Daughter of John Gibbs of Exeter, by Mary, daughter of Nicholas Hall: manie.l, 
firstly, Feb. nth, 1728, Adam Pierce (who died 1732); secondly. Dr. Bailsman; 
and ihirdlv, William Gregson, in 1746-7. 

t Oct., '1698. Admon. August, 1702. Probate in the Principal Registry, Exeler. 

X Married, 1752, to Thomas T.aylor, Esq., of Dcnberry and Ogwell ; died 1777 I 
only child. 

§ Registry, Nov., 1742. 


1762. "Administration de Bonis noii " of the effects of 
Edward Borlace, late of St. Micliael's, Penkevil, and County of 
Cornwall, deceased. Unadministered by Mary Bolitlio, daughter 
of the said deceased. Granted 6th March, 1762, to Simon 
Bolitho, late husband of the said Mary. 

1764. " Bonis non " of goods unadministered by 
Mary Wreford, deceased, and once the estate of Samuel Wreford 
of Landkey, in the County of Cornwall. Granted 3rd Ma)', 
1764, to William Wreford of C'anaborough, \-eoman. Wm. 
Wreford, jun., of the same parish and County of Devon joins 
the bond. 

The affidavit states that the said William \\^reford the elder 
is the Executor named in the Will of said Mary, who adminis- 
tered to the estate of her deceased husband ; Saml. Wreford of 
Landkey, is believed to have died intestate. 

1765. Roger Granger of Woodbury, yeoman, 6th June, 1765. 
To brothers Thomas and Richard, is. each. Residue to wife 
Ann, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Witnesses — John Stokes ; Mary Penguin. 

Proved 19th July, 1765. 

1767. " Admon. de Bonis non " of the goods unadministered 
by Cecily, the relict of John Saunder, late of Chittlehanipton. 
Granted 28th June, 1767, to George Saunder the nephew. 

Note.— See Barnstaple, ante. 7th May, 1731. 

1770. Administration to the effects of John Pollard of 
Mariansleigh. Granted to William Bowdon, of Bishops- 
N)'uipton, 23rd November, 1770, Margaret the widow having 

Note. — William Bowdon, was the son-in-law of deceased. 


1779. Administration to the effects of John rollard of 

Gwennap, in the county of Corawall. Granted 9th July, 
1779, to Martha Pollard, his widow. 

1772. Thomas Hole of Nortli Tawton, Clerk, 26tli May, 
To liis mother Martha Hole, of Zeal IMonachorum, widow, 


He leaves the Advowson of North Tawton to his brother, 
the Rev. Richard Hole and his heirs. Residue to said brother 
Richard, who is Sole E.Kor. 

Provfd 1772. 

Annon'al Sea/ — An Annulet between 3 fusils. 

Note. — "■ Az. an annulet arg. between 3 lozenges or." Hole of 
Ebberly in Great Torrington. 

1772. Administration to the Effects of Henr\- W'oodle}' 
late of Ashburton, deceased intestate. Granted 27th Feb)-., 
1772, to Catherine, wife of Richard Harris, of Ashburton, 
his sister, and onl}- next of kin. 

1777. Edmund Granger of Sowton, Clerk, 1st April, 1772. 
To the poor there, 40s. ; and to tiie poor of Clist Honiton, 40s. 

Residue to his wife Ann Gr.mger, wl;o is Sole Executrix. 

He desires his brother Thomas Granger, his friend Thomas 
Binford, and his brother-in-law Thomas Prowse to "advice his 
u ife," he wishes her to dispose of his property amongst " the 

Witnesses— Wm. Wedcott (Westcott I) ; Jos. Free. 

Proved 26th Sept., 1 79 1. 

Seal of Arms. — A fess betiveen two acorns. 

Crest. — A hand holding a Portcullis. 

Note.— Refer to 19th April, 1738. This Edmund Granger had a 
"portion" of Baiiipton Vicarage, Diocese Oxon., which he exchanged 
with Elias Taunton for the Rectory of Sowton, near Exeter, 16th Feb., 
1750-1. Mr. Granger died 25th Aug., 1777, set. 64. His wife Ann 
was buried with him at Sowton, 9th Sept., 1S12, ret. 82. 


1789. The last Will of John Wieford of Nymct Rowland, 
jeoman, 7th Aug., 1787. To wife Judith, ^21, and best bed. 
To son William, the Clevehanger estate, .subject to wife's 
jointure, and charged with an annuitj' of £2^^ towards the 
maintenance of daughters Mary, Anne, Catherine, and Judith 
during their minority. They are to have ^lOO each at 21. 

Clatworthy, in the parish of Coleridge, to Richard Vickery 
and Thomas Melhuish Comins in trust, together with Browns- 
land in Colebrook, for the benefit of sons John, Samuel, and 
Richard Wreford in equal division at 21. 

Residue to said Wm. Wreford, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — Ann Comins ; Grace Pedler ; Betty Partridge. 

Proved 29th May, 1789. 

1794. Tliomas Osmond of Silverton, Gentleman. Dated 
I2th Aug., 1786. He gives certain leasehold closes of land in 
the parish of Willand to trustees, viz, Charles Leigh, Gentle- 
man, of Uffculme, and John Wyett of the same, for the following 
uses : — To pay an annuity of .£'10 to sister Joan Tanner, and 
to give the rents of a portion of the said property to nephew 
John, with remainder to his son Thomas Osmond Tanner and 
his heirs ; failing such to revert to John, second son of said 
John Tanner and his heirs. To William, son of Thomas 
Ouicke, and Joan his wife, " my late niece," both deceased, he 
gives the reversion, failing isbue of the Tanners of freehold 
property in Halberton in fee simple ; and he further leaves 
the sum of ;{^400 in trust for John, James, Henry, and 
George Quick, the other children of the saitl Thomas and 
Joan Quick. Residue to said nephew John Tanner, who is 
Sole Evcecutor. 

Witnesses — John and Ann Head ; John Pudnor, sen. 

Five sheets of paper. 

Proved nth March, 1794. 

1794. The last Will of John Seaward of the Close, E.xcter, 
30th March, 1791. Legacies to daughters Maitha Jones, and 
Jane King. He mentions his wife Anne. He refers to his 


property at Woodbury and St. George's Clist, and to his house 
in St. Peter's Churchyard, Exeter, now in possession of 
Mr. Jackson, Postmaster. 

Proved 20th Feb., 1794. 

Registrar's Office, Exeter. 

Note. — Testator was doubtless of the family of John Seaward of 
Clist St. George, whose son, Edward Seaward, a merchant, of Bradninch 
precinct, Exeter, was mayor of Exeter, 1691, and received the honour 
of knighthood from WiUiam of Orange. He was first Governor of 
Exeter Hospital. Sir Edward died ist of May, 1703, and had children 
— Nicholas, Edward, John, and Hannah, who all pre-deceased him. 
Hannah was christened at St. Mary Majors, Exeter, May 19th, 16S2. 
Her mother was Hannah, daughter of Nicholas Brooking. Sir 
Edward's picture is in the chapel of Exeter Workhouse, and he has a 
fine monument in St. Paul's Chiuch, Exeter. Elizabeth Seaward, of 
the Clist St. George family, married Peter Chears of Exeter ; their 
great-grandson, Captain H. Bennett, sometime Governor of the Island 
of Ascension, was the husband of Mary, daughter of Jonathan Worthy, 
Esq., of Exeter, and their only surviving son, Major-General Henry 
Worthy Bennett, married, secondly, in 1878, his first cousin, Lucretia, 
daughter of the late Rev. C. Worthy, Vicar of Ashburton, by whom he 
has issue. 



1 57 1. The last Will of Roger Mathewe of Clyst St. George, 
CO. Devon. 

He leaves to Margaret Gybbe, daughter of Jolin Gybbe* 
" a read heaffer." To the said John Gybbe, his best colte, "liis 
herriot being chosen." To JuHan, daugliter of the said John 
Gybbe, one ewe shape and one lambe. To the poor of Clyst 
St. George, lo/- ; to the poor of Stooklonde, 20/- ; and to 
the poor of Upotery, 20/-. To Nicholas, son of Edmund 
Hutchyn, deceased, ^,"5 ; and to two other sons of the said 
Edmund, each a shepe. To William, son of Richard Hutchin, 
£\0. To William Code his son-in-lawe, ^^20. To his sister 
Johane Lake, one sparked heifer. To every of the children 
of Willyam Clode " which he hath by my sister, one shepe." 
To the children of his brothers Willyam and John Mathewe, 
each a sheep. To the children of his brother-in-law Thomas 
Buller the debt which the said Thomas oweth him. John 
Hutchyn of Upoterief to have and enjoy "all that my terme 
of yeares, and interest in the land, meadow and pasture, with 
the appurtenances, called Huggleshayes in the parish of 
Upoterie, with common of pasture for threescore shepe thereto 
belonging." To each of the children of Robert Podyn, a 
shepe ; and a shepe to each of the children of John Lake. 
To each of the children of Robert Hutchyn, Robert, Roger, 
Humphrey, Mary, Brii;et, and Grace, 20/-. To the children 
of his brother-in-law Thomas Buller, " the debt that he oweth 
me, to be divided between them." To William Mathew, 

* Son of George Gybbe of Clyst St. Geoi'sje. Will in Dean and Chapter's 
Court, Exeter, December, 1593. 

t Up Ottery. i^Qneiy-^ the same as Mohun's Ottery ?) 


the son of Robert Mathew, deceased, 40/-. To Elcnor and 
Joyce, daughters of the said Robert, £\o apiece. To each 
of his godchildren, 2/-. To Mary Mabell, daughter of 
Haniond Mabell, 5/-. "To my servant Robert Knj-ght one 
stere, the price forty shillings and six shillings and eight 
pence." To each of his servants Thomas Edward, Tris- 
tram Haccombe, Christopher Wall, John Bobbyn, and John 
Scott, 5/-. 

Willyam Gybbe, clerk,* Thomas Haydon the younger, and 
Edmund Were, to be Overseers of his will. 

Witnesses — Will) am Gybbe, clerke, Thomas Haydon the 
younger, gentm., John Gybbe, Thomas Suchespyche, Willyam 
Eton and others. 

Will dated April 20th, 1571. Proved May nth, 1571, by 
Christian Mathewc his residuary legatee and Executrix. 

1577. The last Will of Christian Mathewe of Clyst St. 
George, Co. Devon, Widowe. 

She desires to be buried at Clyst St. George, by her " last 
husband Roger Mathewe." 

She leaves to her " son in lawe John Gibbet to the use of 
his children, tweiUie pounds." To " my son George Code 
sixty pounds, on condition that not by any meaiies or pro- 
ceesement he trouble my Executor." Also " sixe silver spoones 
signed with the Apostles." Also "a white cuppe covered with 
silver and not gilted." To " Jone his wieff my best russett 
cassock." "To Cicellie Gibbe my daughter my best silke hatt, 
my best cassocke, my best two kerchiefs, my best two necker- 
chiefes with three crosse cloathes." " To Margaret Gibbe my 
daughter's daughter one cowe." " To John Gibbe's sonne 
William Gibbe a yew and a lambe, and to Julian Gibbe a 
yewe lambe." 

To the poor of the Parish of " Upa\vtry/'+ 20/-. To the 
poor of Clyst St. George, 10/-, and one dozen wooddis. 

* Rector of Clyst St. George (and befnre that of Clyst -St. M.xry), died 1571 
Will in the Consistory Court, Exeter, 1571, June Sth. 

t Son of George Gibbe of Cly^t St. George. Will in the Archdeacon's Cout 
of Exeter, 20th Dec, 1593. 

X Up-Otlery, near Uonilon. 


To Margaret Hutchin, a black kirtell with chamlett bodies. 
To James Hole, her brother-in-law, £6 13s. 4d. ; and "to his 
wieff my cassock made of my gownes." To Elizabeth Mais 
of Clyst Hidon, a jew shepe. To Alice Lake of Loupitte, 
twentie shillings. To Elizabeth Hunt of Clyst St George, 
" my redd kirtell with chamlett bodies." To Morice Payn, 5/-. 
To her god-children, I2d. each. To her servant Johan Scott, 
£\0, and " my best petticote with taffeto bodies, and my best 
felt hatt saving one." To Jone Plimpton " a petticote with 
chamlett bodies." She makes her sonne, William Code, her 
Executor and Residuary Legatee. 

In a Codicil dated March 4th, 1576-7, she leaves to the two 
daughters of John Gibbe, Margaret and Julian, "two latten 
pottes standing on the cubborde," and to Margaret one platter 
and a black cassock. To Margaret Hutchin, a peck of rye 
and a cheese. To Robert Buckland, person, 10/-. To her 
manservants, 2/- each. To Johan Edwards, a bushel of malt. 
"To my mayde Alice Seward," 20/-. "To each of my 
boyes," I2d. To Dennes Peers, a peck of rye and a bushel! 
of malte. To John Chapman, a peck of rye and a bushel! 
of malte. To Jane Phillip of Apsham,* a peck of rye and 
i6d. To Johaiie Scotte, " 10/- more besides that given her on 
my will." To Grace, daughter of George Code, 20/- ; to Johan, 
" wieff of George Coue my best side sadell." To Agnes Besse, 
three poundes of lambe towe. To Thomas Suckespiche, half 
that is due to mc. 

Will dated Jan. iSdi, 1576-7. Proved, with Codicil, April 4th, 

Overseers, William Code and Nicholas Elliott. 

Witnesses— Robert Buckland, clerk, parson there, John 
Gibbe, Edmund Weare, and Nicholas Elliott, with William 
Eton, writer hereof 

1580. Admon. of the goods of William Gibbes of Fenton, 
in the Parish of Dartington, in the County of Devon, 
Esquire. Granted in November, 1580, to John Ayer of 

* Insliluled 1571. 


Penegett, Co. Cornwall, during the minority of William 
Wotton, son of Silvester Gibbes, alias Wootton, daughter of 

Note. — William Gibbes was the last of a long line of that name 
possessors of Fenton (or Venton), which passed at his death to the 
Wottons, the eldest of his two daughters and co-heirs, Silvestra, having 
married ^Valter ^Votton, and the youngest, Elizabeth, Edward Woiton, 
his elder brother, after whose death — sans issue — she married Edmund 
Drewe of Hayne. See Funeral Certificate at the College of Arms, 
showing his banner, Gibbes (see under (ieorge of Clyst St. George, 
1691) mipaling Berkeley. 

1668. The last Will of Abraham Gibb,* of the City of 
Exeter, and of St. George's, near Exeter. 

After divers charitable bequests, he divides his property into 
three parts : one to his wife Elizabetiif absolutely ; one to her 
for life, and afterwards to his children ; and one to his children 
in equal shares. 

Executrix, Elizabeth his wife. 

Overseers, Isaac Mauditt| and Jasper Mauditt, merchants, 
his brothers-in-law, and George Gibbs § and Robert Gibbs,§ his 

Witnesses — Samuel Izacke, Phill. fforce. 

Will dated 1 2th Sept., 1668. Proved, 6th Nov., 166S, by 
Elizabeth Gibbs, Executrix. 

1668. The last Will of Abraham Gibbs of the City of 
Exeter and of St. George's, near Exeter. 

After divers charitable bequests, he leaves to his wife Elizabeth 
(his Executrix) one third of his property, absolutely ; and one 
third for her life with remainder to his children equally ; and 
the other third to his said children, in equal shares. 

Overseers — His brothers-in-law, Isaac Mauditt and Jasper 

* Fourth son of John Gibbe the elder, of Clyst St. George, son of George Gibb 
(Court of Archd., Exon., 29lh Aug., 1606). Abraham Gibbs was Steward of 
Exeter in 1660. 

t Daughter of Isaac Mauduit of Exeter, J. P. & D.L. 

t Steward of Exeter, 1669 ; Mayor, 16S1. 

§ Eldest and third sons of the said John Gililie. (I'rincipal Registry, ist Aug., 
16S3. Court of Vicars Choral, 27lh Feb., 1 701 -2.) 


Mauditt, merchants, and Gcor;;e Gibbs and Robert Gibbs, 
yeomen, his brothers. 

Witnesses — Samuell Izacke, Phill. fforce. 

Will dated Sept. I2fh, 1668. Proved, Nov. 6th, 1668. 

Seal — His merchants mark : the escutcheon, surmounted by 
an esquire's helmet. 

1677-8. The last Will of John Gibbs* of Exeter, Grocer. 
He bequeaths 40s. to the Rev. Mr. Gillard, a minister of God's 
word, and lings of 20s. each to Mrs. Prudence Rolston of 
Exeter, and Mr. John Dyer of Showbrook. He forgives 
Micliael Eastridge £'^ of the ;^lO owing by liim, and leaves all 
the residue of his property to his brother-in-law Benjamin 
Brinley of Exeter, and his sister Elizabeth,! wife of the said 
Benjamin, whom he makes his Executors. 

Will dated 24th Jan., 1677-8. Proved by Benjamin and 
Elizabeth Brinley. [13 Reeve.] 

Witnesses — Joshua Saunders ; Andrew Godfre\' ; Lewis 

1678. The last Will of John Gibbs of Exeter, Grocer. 
Leaves 40s. to Mr. Gillard, minister of God's word ; a ring of 
20s. each to Mrs. Prudence Rolston of Exeter, and Air. John 
Dyer of Showbrook. Forgives Michael Eastridge "Five 
pound of a debt of £\0 which he oweth me;" gives his 
Thomasine Voysey 40s. ; and the residue of his property to his 
brother-in-law Benjamin Brinley, and his sister Elizabeth, wife 
of the said Benjamin. 

Exors. — Benjamin and Elizabeth Brinley. 

Witnesses — Joshua Saunders, Andrew Godfrey, Lewes Bare. 

Will dated Jan. 24th, 1677-8. Proved Feb. 25th following. 

Seal. — A merchant's mark much like that of his uncle 
Abraham Gibbs, 1668. 

* Third son of George Gibbe of Clyst St. George. (Principal Registry of llie 
Ei»hop of Exeler, 3rcl Aug., 1683). 
t Third d.Tiighler of llie same. 


1678-9. Susanna Baitlett of the City of Exeter, widow, 
I7tli December, 1678. To my daughter Susanna those two 
houses where Mrs. Hide and Mrs. Carey now Hve in the parish 
of St. Petro.K, witiiin the city of Exeter, and also the household 
goods in the house where I now live, save one suit of damask, 
&c., and my mone\s. To Mr. John Bartlett, minister of God's 
woid in Exeter, and to Mr. Thomas Ware, also a minister in 
the same, ^5 each. I give ;f20 towards the education of my 
sister Brownsford's children. Residue to my son Tristram 
Bartlett, and he Exor. 

I make Mr. John Starr and Mr. John Home, both of Exeter, 
overseers until the expiration of my son's apprenticeship, two 
years hence. 

Witnesses — Yachaire Foswell, James Brownsford. 

Proved, February, 1678-9, by Tristram Bartlett, son, and Exor. 

1693. The last Will of Jacob Gibbs* of the city of London, 
Citizen and Salter. He leaves all that he has to his brother, 
the Rev. John Gibbs* of Oxford. 

Will dated in St. Clement's, Eastcheap, May 23rd, 1693 ; 
proved the same day. 

Witnesses — Joane Harrison, Sarah Hayes, Stephen Holland. 

Sealed with the arms of Holland. 

16989. Nuncupative Will of Jolm Gibbs.f LL.D., Rector 
of VVelwyn, co. Herts., made "on or about 7th Jan., 1698, 
English style," shortly before his death in January, 1698-9. 

He leaves his property to iiis sister Elizabeth Gand)',+ slie 
being a widow and having two children alive. He says that 
his mother, Elizabeth Gibbs, § was old, and well provided for, 
and that his brother Isaac [[ lacked nothing. 

Probate granted to Elizabeth Gandy, 31st March, 1699. 

Deponed by three witnesses (same date), William Battell, 
John Tw)'dell, and Elizabeth Twydell. 

* Sons of Abraham Gibbs of Fxeter, 1668. 

t Second son of Abraham Gibbs of Exeter (P.C.C, I2th Sept.. 166S), was of 
Exeier College, Oxfoid, and Fellow of All Souls. 

t Widow of Simon Gandy (who died 16S9). See her Will, P.C C, ist Sept., 1719. 

§ Daughter of Isaac Maiiduit of Exeter. 

!i Eldest son of Abraham Gibbs (C. P.C, 5lh May, 1726). 


1719. The last Will of Elizabeth Gaiidy * of Exeter. 

Mentions her grandson Samuel, son of Abraham Gandy, 
deceased, to whom she leaves .£^100 at 21. To her daughter- 
in-law, Grace Gandy,t ;^io for mourning. To her daughter- 
in-law, Elizabeth Gandy, the same. To her biother, Isaac 
Gibbs, for his own and her sister's mourning, £ao. To her 
friends, Mrs. Grace Sampson, widow, and Mrs. Jael Mercer,+ 
a Jacobus apiece. 

Residue to her son Henry Gandy.| 

Will dated Sept. 30th, 17 17. Proved Sept. 1st, 17 19, by 
the E.xecutor, Henry Gandy. 

Witnesses — George Phillips, Silva. Evans. 

1726. Administration of the Goods of Isaac Gibbs,§ late 
of Exeter, was granted to John Gibbs, Esq.,|| of the same, 
son of the deceased ; Sarah Gibbs,1[ relict of the said Isaac, 

Date of Grant, May 5th, 1726. 

1732-3. The last Will of Adam Pierce of Yendacott,** Co, 
Devon, Esquire. 

He leaves his coach and four horses, his jewels, wardrobe, 
etc., to his wife To her, also, and to her father John 
Gibbs, Esquire, II and to in's brother Samuel Pierce (whom he 
makes his Executor.s) he leaves all his freeholds, in trust, to 
pay his debts, and then to his sons, if any, in tail male ; 

* D.iiiyhter of Abraham Gibbs. P.C.C, November, 166S, and widow of 
Simon Gandy of Ide, Co. Devon. 

t Wife of Heniy Gamly, daughter of — Sampson. Married, 1705. 

X Henry Gaudy married Jael, daughter of Jolin Mercer, as his second wife, in 

§ Steward of Exeler, 1685 ; Sheriff, i6q2 ; Receiver, 1693. He was son of 
Abraham Gibbs (P.C.C., 166S), who was Steward of E.teter, 1660. 

II Will in Piincipal Registry of the Bishop of Exeter, 1742. 
• IT Sarah, sister of Roger and Phineas Chetke, and widow of . . . Clutterbrook. 
Will in C.P.C, 1743-4. 

** On the Original is endorsed " Nuper de Yarrenton in parochia de Shobrooke." 

tt Daughter of John Gibbs by Mary liis wife, daughter of Nicholas Hall, Esq. She 
niairied, secondly," Dr. Baliyman ; and thirdly, William Gregson ; and died, 1748 
(leaving one daughter, afterwards married to Thomas Taylor, Esq.) Will in 
Piincipal Registry, E.\eter. 

XX John, son of Isaac Giblis. Will in Registry, Exeter, Nov. 1st, 1742. 


remainder to his daughters as tenants in common ; remainder 
to his brother Samuel Pierce for life, with remainder to his 
son in tail male; remainder to his brother Thomas Pierce for 
life, and then to his sons in tail male ; remainder to his 
brother John Pierce for life, and then to liis sons in tail 
male ; remainder to his own right heirs for ever. 

As to the leaseholds, the same trust, except that fading his 
own issue male, the remainder of one quarter of the manor and 
lands at Thorowton to his brother Samuel, absolutely, and the 
rest of the leaseholds to his own daughters. 

The plate to remain as heirlooms in the Pierce family. 

Personalty to remain as a fund for the education of his 

Confirms his Marriage Settlement (February, 1728). 

Will dated Dec. 4th, 1732. Proved 27th Feb., 1732-3, by 
the three Exors. 

Witnesses — Francis Blyton, Eliz. Dennis, Nicholas Thomas, 

Seal. — 1st and 4th, Pierce.* 2nd and 3rd,t a Yww rampant 
impaling, argent, 3 battleaxes sable for Gibbs. 

1744. The last Will of Sarah Gibbsi of Exeter, widow. She 
desires to be buried by her husband in the Church of St. Mary 
Arches. Mentions her brothers Roger and Phineas Cheeke, 
and makes the latter her Executor; also her sister Susanna 
Poole and her children, John Poole, Sarah Bellew, and Susanna 
and Jane Poole. To Anne, daughter of John Pyne, Esquire, of 
Dartmouth, she leaves a legacy (revoked by a Codicil, Dec. 12th, 
1728), and one to Malachy Pyne his son ; also one to John 
Pyne himself; also to her cousin Jane Mayor, wife of John Gill. 
She leaves money also to the poor of St. Sidwells, and £^ to 
the poor of St. Mary Arches ; but she revokes this last by a 
Codicil, Oct. 22nd, 1743, having altered her m.ind as to being 
buried in that church. Legacies also to the Rev. John Wither, 

* Apparently 3 cross-crosslets on a bend, or henduise. Or, the field Argent, but 
the seal is very small, and I had no magnifying glass. 

+ (P«« J— Cossins ? E. C. was mother of Adam Pierce. 

t Second wife of Isaac Gibhs of Exeter (P.C.C, May, 1726. Archd. Court, 
Exeter, Sept., 174S), having been before the wife of . . . Clutlerbrooke. 


and to John Lavinytoii of Exeter ; and to Mrs. Enty and 
Mrs. Green ; to John Gibbs, Esquire,* and to liis wife Maryf 
and tlieir two daugliters Mary| and Anne;§ also to Henry 
Gandy, Gentleman, and his wife. 

Will dated Sept. 30th, 1726. Proved, with two codicils, by 
Phineas Cheeke, Jan. 17th, 1743-4. 

Witnesses — Nosse Clapp ; Roger Clapp. 

1778. The last Will of John Gibbs || of Topsham, mariner, 
Bequeaths all his goods, especially his half share in the Brigan- 
tine " Ceres," to his wife Elizabeth,^ whom he makes his 
Executrix. George Abraham Gibbs** of the Cathedral Close 
of St. Peter, Exeter, and Anthony Gibbsft of St. Mary the 
More, testify to the handwriting and signature of the deceased, 
on the 29th of October, 1778. 

Will dated June 22nd, 1773. Proved Nov. 3rd, 1778. 

1779. The last Will of Elizabeth Gibbs of Topsham, widow.JJ 
She mentions, amongst her other property, the Brigantine 
" Ceres " and a copyhold close of land in the manor of Royke 
Regis and Elwell, which by the custom of the manor should 
go to John Gibbs, her eldest son. She mentions her brother- 
in-law George Abraham Gibbs, §§ and enumerates her children, 
William nil (whom, with John, she mal<es Trustee for distributing 
her property), Abraham,^^ George,*** Lyle,ttt Thomas, |Jt 
and Elizabeth.§§§ 

* Son of Isaac Gibbs, by his first wife, Anne, daughter of John Mercer. Will in 
Principal Registry, Nov. 1st, 1742. 

t Daughter of Nicholas Hall, Esq., of Exeter, and Elizabeth his wife. 

X Wife of Stephen Weston, son of the Bishop of Exeter ; died July 4ih, 1749. 

§ Wife of Adam Pierce. P.C.C, Feb., I732-3. 

II Son of Abraham Gibbs of Topsham, by Sarnh [Lyle], his second wife. 

IT Daughter and heir of William Meachin. P.C.C., 1779. 

** Son of Abraham Gibbs of Topsham, by Mary [Monk], his first wife. P.C.C, 

tt Son of George Abraham Gibbs by Anne [Vicary], his wife. P.C.C, 1S15. 

tj Of John Gibbs of Topsham. (P.C.C, 3rd Nov., 177S.) 

§§ C.P.C, Jan. 3i5t, 1795. 

11 'I Died 1830. 

^11 He died July, 1S16. His only child was grandmother to the present Earl 
of Pembroke. 

*»* Died 1793. t+t Died in Genoa, 1839. tt+ C.P.C, 7th Nov., 1796. 
§§§ Wife of James Richards. 


Will dated 29th Oct., 1778. Proved 2Sth July, 1779, hy her 
Executors, George Abraham Gibbs and William Gibbs, power 
being reserved to John Gibbs. 

1795. The last Will of Georj^e Abraham Gibbs of Exeter, 
Surgeon. Leaves all his lands in Cl}-st St. George and CK'st 
St. Mar)', " with any other lands tliat I am at present or may 
hereafter be possessed of or entitled to," to his most dearly 
beloved and excellent wife Anne Gibbs, whom he makes his 
Sole Executri.x and Sole Trustee for his children, leaving her 
also all monies and other personal proper t\'. In a codicil of 
the same date as the will he begs his brother* John Gibbs, 
and his friends, William Pitfield, Edward Addicot, and 
John Mallett, to assist his wifet in her arrangement of his 
affairs after his death, leaving to each a set of books worth 
five guineas. 

In a codicil dated April 26th, 1775, he leaves Pitfield and 
Addicot 10 guineas each, and to Pitfield his dearest and best 
friend whatever set of books he likes. He appoints no Trustees 
because he is sure that his brother and said three friends will do 
all that is necessary. 

Will dated August 2nd, 1764. Proved Jan. 31st, 1795. 

Witnesses — John Stephens, John Stephens, jun., Frances 

The Will is all in his own hand, whereof John Stoodly and 
William Cutcliff make oath on the 22nd Jan., 1795. 

Seal — Ai-gent, 3 battleaxes, sable [Gibbes of Fenton], with the 
arms of Vicary of Dunkeswell ; sa. on a chief, arg., two cinque- 
foils, gu., on an escutcheon of foretence. 

1796. The last Will of Thomas Gibbs, | Second Lieutenant 
of H.ALS. " Minotaur." § Leaves his nephews William [] and 

* Half brother ; son of Abraham Gibbs of Topsliam, by Sarah, his second wife. 

t Daughter and heir of Anthony Vicary of Exeter. 

X Sixth son of John Gibbs of Topsham and Elizabeth [Meachin] his wife. P.C.( 
June, 177S. 

§ Flagship of Admiral McBride. 

II William Henry Gilibs of Naples and Genoa, merchant, died, unmarried, 
Clyst St. George. Principal Registry, London, 1S59. 


Jolin* Gibbs, sons of his brother William Gibbsj of Topsham, 
all his share of prize money due for the " Victorieuse " and 
" Walshingham Packet," and all the proceeds of his kit, which 
he begs his friend Dr. Remmettj to receive and distribute. 

Will dajted June 20th, 1796. 

No Executor named in the Will. 

Admon. with Will annexed, granted Nov. 7th, 1796, to 
William Gibbs, his brother and next of kin. 

* John Ley Gibbs of Genoa and Manchester. Buried at BLxckley, 1S37. 
t Second son of the said John Gibbs of Topsham. 

: Of Plymouth; M.U. ; husband of Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Geoige 
Abiaham Gibbs. P C.C, 1795. 



1547. The last Will of Raffe Carsleghe of Buckland-in-the- 
Moor, dated 22nd June, ist Edward VI. He leaves his body- 
to holy burial within the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, 
of Buckland-in-the-Moor. He bequeaths to the " Hed Store " 
and to the Store of our Lady within the said church i yeo 
sheep to each. To Wm. Brooking, Curate, to pray, &c., xiid. 
To mother, a steer of 3 years old. To brother's son, Thomas 
Carsleghe, " my shavyng knives." Residue to wife Wilmot, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — Wm. Brooking, Wm. and Thomas Carsleghe. 

Proved 6th Dec, 1547. 

Collated Will, Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

Note. — This Will proves that Buckland Church (united to Ash- 
buiton) was dedicated to St. Peter, and not to St. Mary, as hitherto 
supposed. (See my " Ashburton and its Neighbourhood," p. 54.) 

" Bekyngton p. Ayshebertoii." 

1547. The last Will of John Ferris, dated lOth Oct., 1545. 
He desires to be buried in the churchyard of Seynte Nicholas 
of Bekenton, and bequeaths to the said Saint, " To our blessed 
Lady," and to St. Michael, all within the said Church, 4d. each. 
To Sir Thomas Smardon, 4d. To Robert Kcrtais, a sheppe. 
To RofTe Shaptor, a bollocke. Residue to John Shaptor, who 
is Sole Executor — " He to f\nde my wyffe or cause her to be 
found as long as she lyveth." 

Witnesses — Sir Thomas Smardon, Priest ; Richard Kirtois 
(Curtis) ; Wm. Whytwaye. 

Proved 9th Dec, 1547. 

Collated Will, Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

Note.— This Will proves that Bickington Church, separated from 
Ashburton, 1861, was not dedicated to St. Mary as commonly supposed 
huherto. (See my " Ashburton and its Neighbourhood," p. 57.) 


1547. The last Will of Richard Wyndeatt of Ashburton, 
13th October, 1547. He bequeaths to the " hedd store" within 
tlie Church of Ashburton 4d. Residue to wife Joan, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — Nicholas Landeman, Curate. 
John Wyndeatt. 
Thomas Wyndeatt. 
George Wyndeatt. 
Proved iSth June, 1548. 
Personality, ^4 I 5s. 7d. 
Collated Will in Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

1548. The last Will of Thomas Toker of Staverton, 2nd 
Edward VI., A.D. 1548. He desires to be buried in Staverton 
Church, and bequeaths to the Stoer of St. Peter and Paule there 
and to the High Cross in the same Church 4d. To the Stoer 
of SS. Michael and George, 4d. To son Thomas Toker, 40s. 
To daughter Elizabeth, 40s. Residue to wife Joane, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Witness — Alexander Shaptor, Curate ; John Prystod. 

Sum, ^60 I2s. 

Proved 1 8th June, 1548. 

Collated Will in Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

1550. The last Will of Thomas Hamlyn of Staverton, dated 
"2nd Edwd. VI." Bequeaths his soul to God and body to 
burial in y' Church earth of Staverton. To wife Luce a third 
part of all goods. Another third to son John Haml)n and to 
daughters Catherine and Ysoth. A third to daughters Eleanor 
and Bridget, with remainder to son John aforesaid and daughter 
Emlyn. Residue to said John Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — John Ysshel, Thomas Abraham, and John Pry- 

Proved 22nd Sept., 1550. 

Sum, .^18 14s. 4d. 

Collated Will, Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon, 
fo. 60. 


1570. Robert Tocker of Sallcombe, i6th Dec, 1549. To 
daughter Joan, 40.S. To son Nicholas, 30s. To son Thomas, 
20s. Residue to wife Isabtl, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witness — John Upton, "cum aliis." 

Proved 2nd Sept, 1570. 

Collated Will in Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

15S0. Wm. Wreford of Ashburtun, 20th April, 1579. To 
each child he leaves a sheep. To son John, half a dole in a 
tyn work called Wellysfourd, and the twentieth part of a Tjnn 
worke called Allerbrook, and a sixth part of another called Moor 
Parke Head. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — Thomas Taylor, Harry Wiiitewa)-. 

Rulers — Wm. and Harry Whiteway. 

Proved 3rd June, 1580. 

Collated Will, Old Book, Peculiar Court, D. and C, Exon. 

Note. — Allerbrook is a small tributnry of the Dart, about five miles 
from Ashburton, and in the middle of Hohie Moor. 

1593. The last Will of John Gibbe of Clyst St. George, 
Yeoman. I, John Gibbe . . . being somewhat sicke in body, 
but of good and perfect remembrance, thankes be given unto 
Almightie God, doe make and orda)-ne . . . &c. I give and 
bequeathe my soul into the hands of Almightye God, Father, 
Sonne, and Holie Goste, three persons and one God, trusting 
that the same my soul shall be received into the fellowshyppe 
of the ellecte and faythfull persones b)- the meryt, deathe, and 
passyon of Jesus Christe the Sonne of God and Seconde Person 
in Trinitye, b)- whose means only I hope to be saved and by 
none other. And I will my Bod}- to be bur3-ed in the parishe 
Church of Cliste St. George or elswhere, where it shall please 
God to call me. 

He leaves to the poor 20s. To Elizabeth Myddleton, 20s. 
To Philippe, Stephen, and John Bruton, each one yco sheepe. 
To his well-beloved wyffe Cecylie 7 of his best k)'ne, 40 weathers 


and five yeowes ; also one mare or gelding " which shall not 
happen to be seased for a heariott by the Lord or his officers ; " 
also the moitye and halfendeale of all his corn and grayne, and 
(for her life) of all his puter and brasen vessells. He gives her 
also all Butter, Cheese, Beef, Bacon, and other Provision of 
House that may be in the House at his death ; also one blacke 
steyre now put to fattynge, and all pultry ; also all the haie in 
the talletts ; also all the home-made Clothe in the House ; also 
" the one halfe of all my welle being in my house at the tyme 
of my death." To his daughter Margarett, Li'^O. To his 
daughter Christyan, ;^I00, to go, in case of her death under age, 
to his son William (his Executor), or, if William should die 
before her, to his daughters Margarett and Jane, and to the 
survivor of them. To his daughter Jane when she is 21, .^80, 
with the same proviso, the money being divided between Mar- 
garett and Christyan in case of William's death. The Residue 
of everything to go to the said William. 

Overseers— William Coade his brother-in-law and George 
Morris his cousin. 

Witnesses — William Keyner of Ottery St. Mary, William 
Coade, and George Morris. 

Will dated Oct. lOth, 1593. Proved Dec. 20th, 1593. 

Buried at Clyst St. George, Dec. 14th, 1593. 

1619. Administration of the Goods of Robert Gibbs* of 
Topsham was granted to Katherine Gibbes his widow, William 
Wotton being bound with her. 

1619. The last Will of Laurence Wreyforde of Ayshberton, 
29th March, 1619. To daughter Elizabeth Wreyforde, ;^5. To 
sister Mawte Norrish, £^. Residue to wife Mary (" nowe wife "), 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 7th May, 1619. 

;^34 16s. 4d. 

* This may be ihe same man as Robert, father of Robert Gibbe of Topsham (and 
Clyst St. George). See Jan. 24lh, 1662, Archdeacon's Court ; Init, if so, Katherine 
must have been a second wife, l^lalgarel (Oxenl)eare) being the mother of Robert. 


1629. John VVreaforde of Ashburton, 19th Jan., 4th Charles. 
To daughter Peteniell, wife of Richard Taprill, a pewter dish. 
Mentions children of said Peternell, viz., John, Ann, and 

Residue to wife Barbara, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 17th April, 1629. 

Sum, £z\ 7s. 5d. 

1633. Elizabeth Gould of Ashburton, Widow. Dated 

. She gives, amongst other bequests, an annuity of 
£2 to the poor of Ashburton to issue out of her meadow called 

Proved , 1633, b\- James Gould, the Executor 

named in the Will. 

Note. — When I saw this Will, 23rd August, 1880, the document was 
in fragments, and the top and bottom of the paper were both missing. 
The annuity to the poor of Ashburton has been long discontinued, and 
I never heard of it during my intimate connection wiih the parish 
extending over eighteen years, 1861-1879. Edward Gould, of the 
same family, was a benefactor to Ashburton by his Will dated i6th 
March, 1735, and, singularly enough, one of his bequests was a sum 
of 40/- to the poor of Ashburton and Staverton, 20/- to each parish 
yearly, charged on land. Can it have been his intention to thus carry 
out the Will of Elizabeth Gould ? He was also a considerable bene- 
factor to .Ashburton Grammar School. 

1634. William Gould the younger of Staverton, Clothier, 
28th October, 10th Charles. To poor of Staverton, 5s. To son 
Philip, i^'S at 15. To daughter Marie, £^ at 16. To daughter 
Agnes, £^ at 17. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witness — Leonard Irish. 

Proved i8th_Nov., 1634. 

Sum, £■] 9s. 2d. 

1666. The last Will of Samuel Tidball of Ashburton, Gentle- 
man. 20th May, 1666. To the poor there, £},. To sister 


Martha Tidball he leaves all his fee-simple lands in Ashburton, 
with remainder to Hut^h Stowcll, Esq., and his heirs. Residue 
to said sister Martha, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — Wm. Denet, Domthy Griffin. 

Proved 13th July, 1666. 

NoiE. — Testator was son of Rev. Samuel Tidball, who went to 
Ashburton as Curate to Robert Law, Archdeacon of Barnstaple and 
Vicar of Ashburton, 1613, and became Master of Ashburton Grammar 
.School, 1616, and succeeded Mark Law, son of the Archdeacon of 
Barnstaple, as Vicar of Ashburton in 1644 ; died 1647. The said Mark 
Law was the husband of testator's other sister, Maria Tidball. 

Hugh Stowell was of Herebeare in the ])arish of Bickington prope 
Ashburton. He was of a younger branch of the Stawels (pronounced 
Stowel) of Cothelstone, co. Somerset, and his immediate relatives were 
long resident at Herebeare. 

Miss M. Griffin, of the same race as "Dorothy G.," died at Ash- 
burton, May 15th, 1853, aged 105. She had been present at .the 
coronation of George II L 

1669. Katlierine Osmond of Culmcstock, Widow, i ith May, 
1669. To brother John Smeath of Burlescomb, 40s. To 
cousin Anslie Cherriton, best petticoat. Bequests to cousin 
Charity Smeath and daughter Mary Osmond, "my spinning 
torne " and ^40. To liumphr)' and Joan, children of John 
Osmond, is. each. Residue to son Humphry Osmond, who is 
Sole Executor. 

Proved 8th Dec, 1669. 

Sum, ^174 7s. 8d. 

Witnesses — Francis Hayzell, James Soiitlnvood. 

1672. Mary Granger of Clist Honiton, 24th Jan., 1671. 
There are bequests to daughter Mary Robbins ; to sons James 
and Francis Granger. Residue to son Richard Granger, who 
is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — John Curell, Mary Robbins. 

Proved 27th May, 1672. 

Sum, £?> IS. 8d. 



1677. Henry Gculd of Staverton, Gentleman, ist Oct., 1675. 
To daughter Katherine, wife of John Laskey, 40s. To daughter 
Margaret, wife of John Kingwill, los. To daughter Elizabeth 
Gould, £^fi. 

Residue to wife Katherine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnes.'es — John Rowe, Andrew Tarr. 

Proved 3rd Apiil, 1677. 

Sum, ^473- 

1677. Walter Palke of the Towne of Ashburton, Yeoman, 
5th Nov., 1677. To .sister Dionis Townsend, £\0, and her 
life in all lands in Ashburti">n after decease of wife Agnes. To 
cousin Margaret, daughter of Dionis Townsend, £\o. To 
cousins John and Joan Townsend, 50s. each. To cousin Walter, 
son of Thomas Palke, deceased. Reversion of the Ashburton 
lands after the death of Dionis Townsend and of wife Agnes, 
charged with an annuity of 20s. to cousin Dionis. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Witnesses — Thomas Palke, Agnes Hanniford, Wm. and 
Mary Hanniford. 

Proved 19th Dec, 1679. 

1679. Inventory of Walter Palke of the Towne of Ash- 
burton, made by George Fab)'an and Richard Tapper, 24th 
Dec, 1679. 

" His wearing apparel ... ... ... ■■■ £\ o o 

Item one paire of looms, with querling torne 

and other materials belonging to them ... o 10 o 
10 Pewter dishes ... ... ... ... ... o 16 o" 

Various other articles .. ... ... ... 61 i 6 

£&i 7 6 

16S0. Administration to the effects of Thomas Palke of 
Staverton, granted to Susannah his relict; Matthew Palke joins 
the bond. 

Sum, £n i6s. 8d. 

Granted 3rd Sept., 16S0-1. 


16S4. Administration to the effects of Frank Granger of 
Clist Honiton. Granted to Mary his relict. 
3Cth Jan., 1684. 
Sum, £\% 19s. 2d. 

1686. Agnis Granger of Clist Honiton, loth Dec, 1685. 
She leaves her leasehold house and orchard in Broadclist to 
her children, Joan her daughter and Richard her son. 

Residue to said Joan Granger, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — John Heme, Wm. Aj're, John Curell. 

Proved I3tii Aug., 1686. 

Sum, £2\ 3s. 2d. 

1693. Mary Granger of Clist Honiton, Widow, 2Sth March, 
1693. Bequests to son Abraham Granger and to daughter 
Hannah. Residue to daughter Grace Granger, who is Sole 

Witnesses — Joan Granger, Julyan Pearsse and Thomas 

Proved 28th April, 1693. 

Sum, £n 16.S. 

1707. The Will of Walter Palk, sen., of Ashburton, 
22nd Feb., 1705. To Walter " Paulk," my eldest son, all my 
lands after the decease of his mother, charged with the pay- 
ment of ;{^ioo as follows : — ^^'40 to Jonathan, second son ; 
.^30 to Thomas, third son ; £^,0 to daughter Grace Palke. 

Residue to wife Grace, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — John Smerdon, John Fursman, Robert Jerman. 

Proved 27th May, 1707. 

£\6o los. 5ki. 

Note — Testator was the grandfather of Sir Robert Palk, Bart., and 
tlierefure the direct ancestor of the present Lord Haldon. Although 
described as " Cousin " (as was then usual), he was really nephew of 
Walter Palk, whose will was proved igtli ]3ec., 1679, to wliich refer. 

His son Jonathan was subsequently \'icar of Ilsington. See my 
"Devonshire Parishes,'' vol. ii., p. 325, f/ j-^^. 


1725. The last Will of Abraham GibB (or Gibbs) of Tops- 
ham, Yeoman. Leaves his wife Trj^phceiia Gibbs* a Rent- 
charge of ;^20, and his daughters Elizabetlif and MaryJ Lz'^O 
apiece at the age of 21 ; and all his lands in Crediton and 
elsewhere to his friends and brothers-in-law, William Ro\\e§ 
of Shobrooke, and Benjamin Brindic)- || of Exeter, and Philip 
Gibbs his kinsman,11 in trust for his son Abraham Gibbs,**" 
whom he makes his Executor, the thrte trustees abovenamed 
being Overseers. 

Will dated July ist, 1718. Proved Sept. loth, 1725. 


1726. The last Will of Abraham Gibbs tt of Topsham, 
Gentleman. He leaves ^^500 to his son George Abraham i^300 to his daughter Anna Gibbs, §§ and ;t"2i "and 
no more" to his son John Gibbs. |||j The Residue to his 
wife Sarah Gibbs.*'': 

Executors in trust John Ewins, John Rous, and the Rev. AI. 
Christopher Ewins. 

Will dated i6th Sept., 1726. Proved Oct. 24th following. 

1733. Abraham Granger of Clist Honiton, Yeoman, 1st 
March, 1732. To wife Ilannaii use of all goods for life. To 
daughter Mary Haj-man, eventual moiety of said goods, and 
;^io. To daughter Hannah, the other moiety of his goods, and 
£\0. To son Thomas, ^10. To son Roger, iJ'ioo, and he is to 
pay all legacies after the death of Testator's wife ; he is 
residuary legatee and Sole Executor. 

Witnesses — Thomas Perkins, Richard Granger. 

Proved 20th June, 1733. 

Sum, ^187 2s. 6d. 

* Will in Principal Registry, 1733. t Wife of . . . Pett. 

X Wife of Nicholas Peters of Topsham, Surgeon. 

§ Will in Archdeaconry Registry, 1725-6. || Husband of his sister Ellz.ibeth. 

U Hisfirstcousin(sonof his uncle Philip Gibbe). Will, Archdeaconry, 1724 and 1732. 

** Will in Archdeaconry Reg., 1726. 

tt Son of Abraham Gibbs (.Sept. loth, 1775, same Court). 

XX C.P.C, Jan. 31st, 1795. §§ Afterwards wife of . . . Kemniett of Crediton. 

lill C.P.C, 3rd Nov., 1778. 

1F1T Sarah, daughter and coheiress of Robert Lyle of Topsham ; married, thirdly, 

Robert Framingham. 


1742. Administration to the effects of Hannah Granger of 
Ch'st Honitoii. Granted to Thomas Granger her brother, 
20th Jan., 1742. 

Under ;£'ioo. 

1743. Tliomas Granger of Lyons Inn and County of 
Middlesex, Gentleman. He desires to be buried in tlie Parish 
Church of Ciist Honiton, Co. Devon. He leaves liis Goods, 
&c., to his granddaughter Lydia Granger at 21, or on her 
marriage day, with remainder to two nephews, Rev. Thomas 
Granger and Mr. Edmund Granger, and to niece Mrs. Susan 
Granger. He appoints his daughteriu-law Margaret, widow of 
son Thomas deceased, and said two nephews. Joint Exors. 

Witnesses — John Roberts and William Bennett. 

Dated 12th Feb., 1739. Proved SQlh July, 1743. 

Note. — The testator is shown by a memorandum attached to the 
Will to have resided at Clist Honiton entirely (or the nine months 
preceding his death. 

1743. Hannah Granger of Clist Honiton, Widow, 4th Aug., 
1742. To grandson William Hayman, large brass kettle. To 
granddaughter Mary Hayman, two gold rings. To son-in-law 
John Hayman, is. To son Thomas Granger, £^ 5s. To son 
Roger Granger, is. To Rev. Edmond Granger, £\ is. for 
preaching a .funeral sermon. " Item, I give five bushells of 
wheat to be baked into bread unto all such poore pcopel as 
usually byes bread of me." Residue to son Richard Granger 
and to Jane Palmer, who are Joint Exors. 

Witnesses — Samuel Drake, Robert Phelp. 

Proved 7th Oct., 1743. 

1743. Administration to the effects of Elizabeth Granger 
of Clist Honiton, intestate, granted 14th Oct., 1743, to Thomas 
Grander her brother. 


1763. Martha Granger of Clist Honiton, Widow, 19th Oct, 
1761. To son Edward Nott of Tiverton, is. To granddaughter 
Mary Nott, " my house called the Green House at Clist 
Honiton," with reversion to Sarah and Edward, cliildren of 
George Nott. 

Son George Nott of Clist Honiton, Sole Exor. 

Residue undisposed of. 

Witnesses — Samuel and William Clarke, George Westcott. 

Proved 13th Dec, 1763. 

Under ;^20. 

1767, Nov. 7th. William Bartlett of St. :Maiy Church, 
Devon, Gentleman, by Will of this date charges his lands 
devised to his eldest son Jacob Bartlett and his personal estate, 
with the payment of his Debts, &c. Gives to his son William 
Bickford Bartlett an orchard at Paignton, which he purchased 
of William Wallers, and sliare of Brigantine Vessel called 
" The Lad}'," provided he gives a discharge " from one Jacob 
Bickfoid his grandfatiicr or anj' Executor ; " also the House 
in which he (the Testator) lived, and the use of his goods, &c., 
in case he shall live therein, but if he refuses to live therein 
i.'300 instead. Gives to his daughter Mary Hele the £20 
which her husband owed him, and £10 to be laid out in 
mourning. To grand-daughter Susannah Hele, daughter of 
said Mary, ;^iOO with interest, until she attains 21, and the 
House and Cellar which Captain Woollcott rents at Torkey, 
and Household goods in possession of Elizabeth Emling, 
widow, after her decease. To grand-daughters Agnes Hele, 
Nancy Hele, Peggy Hele, £\o each on attaining 21. To 
daughter Grace Jackson, estate called Codners, in Tor Muhun, 
for life. To his grandson William Bartlett, House, Barn, 
Orchard, &c., being part of the estate he puich.istd of 
William Browse of St. Mary Church and his heirs, and for 
want of such issue to his grandson James Salter Bartlett 
and his heirs, and for want of ■ such issue to the right 
heirs of his own body for ever. To his grand-daughter 
Elizabeth Bartlett, i^ioo, on attaining 21. 

Residue to his son Jacob Bartlett, whom he appoints 


Executor, and who proved in the Court of the Dean and I 

Chapter of Exeter, 2ist June, 1768. 1 

Witnesses — Wm. Browse, Christopher Waynworth, Ann | 

Henly. I 

1769. Administration to the effects, &c., of William Granger, 
late of Clist Honiton. Granted 21st Feb., 1769, to Anne, wife 
of James Clapp, mother of deceased. 

Under .^20. 

1779. Richard Tucker of Braunton, Yeoman, 15th Dec, 
1776. He leaves his household goods, &c., to son Richard 
Tucker of Georgeham, " and all the things I left at Cryde in 
Georgeham when I came to Biaunton." To daughter Ann, 
wife of James Burn of Northam, £\Q>. To daughter Mary, 
wife of Richard Knill of Braunton, Carpenter, and to daughter 
Susanna Tucker, "the estate wherein I now dwell." Residue to 
said two daughters, who are Joint Exors. 

Witnesses — George Ferryman, Thos. Knill, and Robert Dunn. 

Proved I2th May, 1729. 

Note. — Refer to 5di Dec, 1766, Archdeaconry of Barnstaple. It 
will be noticed that this testator is described in his wife's Will as 
" Gentleman." He describes himself as " Yeoman," and his daughter, 
who is a considerable " beneficiare " under the above Will, evidently 
married a mechanic; this shows that undue stress is sometimes laid 
upon notes as to social position in Wills and Parish Registers. 

1798. Ann Tucker of Braunton, Widow, 4th Nov., 1788. 
To her daughter Ann Tucker and to her daughter-in-law- 
Prudence Tucker, in trust for three grandchildren, John and 
Elizabeth Tucker, and Ann, wife of Edmund Barrow, a certain 
tenement called " The Balls." To son-in-law George Webber 
2S. 6d. 

Witnesses — John Parker, Robert Dunn. 

Proved nth June, 1798. 



1642. Administration of the goods of Agnes Gibbs of 
Woodbury was granted to Joane her mother, wife of William 
Darke of Coleridge, during the minority of Joane Gibbs, sister 
of the deceased, her goods being but ^lO, a legacy of Thomas 
Gibbs* her father. George Trobridge and Richard Fleming, 

Date of grant, Oct. 6tli, 1642. 

1671. Administration of the goods of George Gibbsf of 
Woodbury was granted Aug. 23rd, 167 1, to Joane his widow. 

1686. Admini.stration of tlie goods of Samuel GibbsJ of 
Woodbury was granted 23rd Nov., 1686, to Elizabeth his 
widow, and Robert Gibbs§ of Woodbur)-, and Abraham Gibbs|| 
of Clyst St. George. 

1 70 1 -2. The last Will of Robert Gibbs"; of Woodbury, 
Yeoman. He bequeaths certain goods to iiis loving wife 
Dorothy** for life, and then to his son Robert Gibbs, tt whom 

• See Archdeacon's Court (Exon), Aug. 19th, 1629. 
t Second son of George Gibbs of Woodbury (P.C.C, Nov., 1660). 
X Youngest son of George Gibbs of Clyst St. George {Principal Registry, ist Aug., 

§ Brother of the said George Gibbs and father of Elizabeth, wife of the Testator 
Samuel Gibbs (Court of Vicars Choral, Feb. 27th, 1701-2). 

II Brother of the Testator (Court of Dean and Chapter, loth Sept., 1725). 

H Fourth son of John Giblie the elder of Clyst .St. George. 

** Dorothea Crosse. tt Same Court, 7th Sept., 1721. 


he makes his Executor. He mentions his daughter Anstice 
Pearse,* Dorothy Lyde, and Ehzabeth Gibbs.t and his daughters- 
in-law Joane Kentisbeere| and Elizabeth Gibbs.§ To his 
grandson Robert Gibbs || and to his [own] son RobertlF he 
leaves his messuage and tenement at Ebford, between them, 
"to each such distinct part as in a deed bearing date March 5 
in the 3'' )'ear of our Sovereign Lord King James the 2d that 
now is on England A.D. 16S6, by me made and executed 
unto my trusty friends Gideon Ha}'don, Abraham Gibbs, **_ 
and George Gibbs,** yeomen, are particularly set forth and 

Will dated 27th August, 16S8. Proved 27th Feb., 1701-2, 
by Robert Gibbs, jun. 

Witnesses — Eleanor Haydon, Sarah Edwards, Henry Ross. 

1718. The last Will of George Gibbsft of Woodbury, Yeo- 
man. He leaves money to his cousins John, Nicholas, Joane, 
and Mary Leate, sons and daughters of the late John Leate 
of Cl)'st St. Mar}', and Mary Leate his sister, now of Wood- 
bury, widow, whom he makes his Executrix. 

Will dated 20th July, 1717. Proved 3rd Oct., 1718. 


1721. Administration of the goods of Robert Gibbsjj of 

Woodbury was granted 7th Sept., 172 1, to Dorothy Gibbs, 

spinster, and Eliz.ibetli Duelly alias Gibbs his daughters, John 
Way of Cl}-st St. George being Surety. 

* Wife of Roger Pearse. 
t Afterwards wife of her cousin Samuel Gibbs (same Court, 23rd Nov., 16S6). 
t John Kensbeere was married at Clyst St. George in 1684 to Joane Gibb, who 
must liave Ijeen a second wife of the Testator's son Robert. 

§ Wife of his son Robert. |1 Son of the said Robert. 

IT Same Court, 7th Sept., 1711. 

** His nephews, second and fourth sons of his brother George Gil)l)e of Clyst 

St. George (Court of the Dean and Chapter, loth Sept., 1725, and Court of the 

Archdeacon of Exeter, nth Oct., 1723). 

tt Only son of George Gibbs of Woodbury (same Court, 22nd Aug., 1671). 
XX i50" of Robert Gibbs of Woodbury (same Court, 27th Feb., 1701-2). 




1545. Richard Toker of Otttry St. Mary, lOtli August, 

Desires to be buried in the churchyard of St. Mary of 
Ottery, and makes his wife, Margaret, universal legatee and 
Sole Executrix. 

Unindexed. Proved 22nd Sept., 1545. 

1567. Nicholas Toker of Holcombe Rogus, 28th Dec, 1566. 
To daughter Jone, ^^5. To son Robert, "one steer, and one 
calfe which is weaned from its dame." To John, son of said 
Robert, one steer. To god-son Nicholas \\'\iin, two sheep. 

Residue to wife, Chrystin, who is Sole Executrix. 

Personal Estate, ;^2i 2s. 8d. 

Proved 4th April, 1567. 

16 1 7. Administration to the effects of William Tucker of 
Exeter, granted 13th Sept., 1617, to Anne, his \\idow. 

Theophilus Meddicke and Richard Tremaync join tlie bond. 


1618. Administration to the effects of John Tucker of 
Exeter, granted 21st May, 1618, to Emelin, his widow. 
Gregory Wood joins the bond. 

1618. The last Will, nuncupative, of Amy Mortimer of 
Dunsford, Widow, dated 24th June, 161 8. She leaves her 
best gown to son John Mortimer of Bridford ; and the rest 
of her apparel to her " natural daughter, Jone Hcdgeland." 

Residue to son Thomas Mortimer, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved nth July, 16 18. 

161 8. Administration to the effects of John Mortimer, late 
of Tiverton, deceased, granted 17th Sept., 1618, to Silvester 

Sum £\o 5s. 6d. 

1618. Agnes Mortimer of Shobbroke, 6th Jany., 1618, 
Widow, gives certain household goods to Ambrose, John, and 
Agnes, children of Hugh Gregory of Cuhnstock. 

Said Agnes to have " my best petticoat, anil white fustian 
waistcoat, white linnen apron, partlett & kercliicf, at 21 years 
of age." 

To daughter Margaret Wood, " one greate vaute (vat) and 
best gowne." To Thomasine, daughter of said Margaret, " a 
skillett and a gridiron." To John, brother of last, " one great 
brass candlestick and one bran dishe." To latter's brother, 
Nicholas Wood, another brass candlestick, and to William, 
another brother, " tiie least candlestick." 

1 8s. to be expended on her funeral. 

Residue to son-in-law, William Wood, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 19th March, 161 8. 

Sum A I2S. 6d. 

1620. The last Will of John Tookcr of Bradninche, and 
CO. of Devon. Bequeaths his body to Christian burial, and 


small sums to the poor and for the " reparacion " of the 
parish church. 

Daughter Joan, £i\0, if she marries with her mother's 

He leaves said daughter certain household furniture, and a 
sum of ^10, owing to him by John Maudyt of Padbrooke, 
together with an annuity of £.\. 

He gives to daughter Dorothy, wife of William Borowe, a 
close of land, called " Horsepark," in the parish of Cullompton. 

Residue to wife, EUina, who is Sole Executrix. 

By Codicil, he leaves all his lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments in Up-Ottery, to said two daughters, their heirs, etc., etc., 
in equal portions. 

Proved 13th Oct., 1620. 

Personalty, £\0~ 19s. 

162 1. The last Will of William Tucker, ..f Up-Ottery, 
and county of Devon, dated 30th May, 1621. 

To be buried in parish churchyard. 

Leaves his brother John Tucker two pieces of cloth, one 
being at " Robert Ouicke's house." 

His " apparel " to John Halse}-. 

Bequests to sisters Thamsine Jealfrey and Elizabeth 
Warren, and also to Edward, son of John Goolde. 

" Uncle Edmund," residuary legatee and Sole E.xor. 

Proved i/tli Sept., 162 1. 

1 62 1. The last Will of John Tucker of St. Mary the Great 
in the city of Exeter, dated "Feast of St. Stephen," 1621. 

Bequests to sons John and Hugh, and also to the child his 
wife expects to bear him. 

Residue to wife Ursula, who is residuary legatee and Sole 

Witnesses — Gregory Soper. 

Dorothy Sparrow. 

Proved i6th Jany., 162 1. 


1622. Administration to the effects of Richard Tiiclcer, late 
of Soutlileigh, intestate, granted isth April, 1622, to WiUiam 
Warren of said parish, in minority of the son, Richard Tucker. 

Gregory Warren joins the bond. 

1622. Inventory of tiie effects of Andrew Tucker of Cley- 
hidon, made 20th May, and exhibited loth Oct., 1622. 
Sum £2 4s. 8d. 

3622. The last Will of William Tucker of Gideshame 
dated Dec. 27th, 1622. 

Bequeaths " bodye to the gronc, & soulle to God who 
gave it." 

To son William, " tiie bcste cubbord & the dishes nppon it." 

To son-in-law Thomas Pearse, the " vvorste cubbord, the old, 
table-board, the 'sealinge' behind the bench, and the dishes 
on the cubbord." 

Wife to have life interest in said effects. 

Residue to said wife, Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 17th Jany., 1622, 

In the inventory "a cowe, an heyffer, and a nagge," are 
valued together at £6 13s. 4d. 

Two "small pigges," 13s. 4d. 

" One little mowe of wheate, barlej', & Gates," 20s. 

1622. John Tooker of Halberton "or otherwise Yarnicombe 
or Varnicombe," by Will dated 17th Sept., 1622, desires his 
body to be buried in the churchyard of Halberton. 

Bequests to Elizabeth Cha (?), George, Philip, and Samuel 
Parker, and Thamsin Crosse. 

Residue to brother "John Tocker," who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 8th Jany., 1622-3. 

1623. Administration to the effects of Joane Tucker of 
East Budleigh, granted iSth Aug., 1623, to Gilbert Smythe 
and Jane Smythe, late Tucker. 


1623. The last Will of Jane Mortimer of Poughill, co. 
Devon, Spinster. 

To my mother, Joan Philpe, 40s. To brothers John and 
Roger Mortimer, 30s. "To the ringers of my knell," I2tl. 
each. Residue to cousin, Robert G}'e, who is Sole E.xor. 

Other bequests to Wm. Dodridge, and to Robert, his son, 
and to Walter Barton. 

Dated 27th Aug., 1622. Proved 19th Sept., 1623. 

1624. Administration to the effects of Andrew Tuclccr of 
E.xminster, granted 17th Ma\', 1624, to Julian Tucker. 

1624. The last Will of Joan Tucker of Tedborr.e St. 
Mar)-, Widow, dated 6th Feby., 161 8. 

To Parish Church 3s. 4d., and to Poor 3s. 4d. 

Bequests to son Thomas Tucker, to Johane fford, and to 
Ursula, daughter of Henry Woodley. To John Endell, the 
great brass crocke, and to Ellen Endell, is. 

Residue to Johane, daughter of Henr}- Woodley. She is 
Sole Executrix. 

Sum £},■] 2s. 8d. 
Proved 21st Jany., 1624. 

1624. Inventory of Joan Tucker of Tedburne St. Mar\-. 
Extracts — 

" Item, one horse xl shillings. Three kine, and a yearling 
ix li. (pounds). Nine pigges, 12/-." 


1624. Administration to the effects of Nicholas Mort 
of Tiverton, granted 21st Sept., 1624, to Jolin Bastard, 1 

1625. Administration to the effects of John Mortimer of 
Upton Hellions, granted loth June, 1625, to Ciiristopher, 
father of Christopher Payne, brother-in-law of deceased. 


1626. Administration to tiie effects of Agnes Mortimer, 
alias Payne, of Upton Hellions, granted April 26th, 1626, 
to Christopher Payne. 

1626. The last Will of John Mortimer, alias Tanner, of 
Cadleigh, 13th May, 1625. To be buried in parish church. 
To sister Elizabeth Sharland, 40s. Bequests to Ralph Tanner, 
John Berry, Sander Norrish, George Norrish, both of Ciieriton, 
Thomasine Ellat of Poughill, Joan Pathericke, Agnes, Symon, 
Robert, John and Alice Berrie, of Tiverton, Eleanor and 
Katherine Passmore, Thomas Beedell, "to the useable work- 
men of Sir Symon Leache's house," Joan Clokye, Bridget and 
Mary Norrish, Christian Aisse (Ash), John Langworthy, and 
John Matthew. 

To Richard Aisse of Cadleigh, 2\ yards of " Meltie Cloth." 

Residue to William Matthew, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 19th Maj-, 1626. 

Sum i^58 los. 

1626. Administration to the effects of William Tucker of 
Exeter and of the parish of St. Sidwell, granted 23rd June, 
1626, to Mar}', his relict. 

1626. John Mortimer of the " Cytie of Exeter," July — , 
1626, leaves his body to Christian burial. 

He gives his best cloak to his brother William Mortimer ; 
his "Testament" to "Sister Wilmott." To sister-in-law 
" Dorothie," "one boke with a broad forrell called the 
'Sufferings of Christ.'" 

To John Bayle, a book called "The plain Man's Pathway 
to Heaven." 

To cousin William Hellyar, a paire of loomes. 

To sister's son, "Richard," "so much of my old cloake 
as will make him a coat." 

" Item, to wife's son Peter, the little loonie." 

Residue to " my wife," who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 22nd Aug., 1626. 


1627. The last Will of Ann Fry, Widow, of Thorncombe, 
dated Qtli April, 1624. 

She gives legacies to grandchildren John, Anne, and Mary 
Fry, children of her deceased son, Gylles (?) Frj', Mentions 
Alys, wife of John Downe. 

She desires to be buried in the churchyard of Thorncombe. 

Residue to son W^illiam, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved at Exeler, 1627. 

Inventory made 17th Ma)', 1626. 

1627. The last Will of Thomas Fry of Honiton, dated 
5th March, 1626. Mentions sons Thomas and William, 
daughters Johan and Frances. 

Son Christopher Fry is Sole Executor. 

Inventory made by " William Fry " and others. 

Witnesses, Robert Leach. 
Walter Abbott. 

Proved 2Sth March, 1627. 

1627. Administration to the effects of Alexander Tucker 
of Stockleigh English, granted May 20th, 1627, to James 

Richard Tucker joins the bond. 

1627. Inventory of Alexander Tucker of Stockleigh Eng- 
lish, exhibited 20th May, 1627. Extracts — 

" Item, one bond of debt from Henry Tucker, his brother, 
of ;^20, for the true payment of ^10. 

" Item of £(3 from Richard Tucker, his brothef, for pay- 
ment of £^r 

Sum £21 ys. 8d. 

1628. Administration to the effects of Edward Tucker of 
Broadclist, granted I3tli March, 1628, to Grace Tucker, his 

Henry Tucker joins the bond. 

Sum ;^5 7s. 6d. 


1628. Inventory of the effects of Richard Tucker, alias 
Glover, of Tiverton, 21st May, 1628. Extracts— 

" Item, 17 sylver spoones & household effects, valued at 
£g2 4s. 8d." 

Crest Seal— A horse's head issuant from a coronet (Bayly 
of Hambrook, co. Gloucester). 

Note. — Refer to year 1628, page 17, ante. 

1628. Tlie last Will of Mary, Widow of Thomas Fry, 
dated Columpton, 6th Feb)., 1627. Legacies to Henry 
and Priscilla Howe, and to Sara, wife of Abell Downe. 

Daughter Mary to have apparel. 

Residue to son Thomas Frj-, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 12th March, 1628. 

1629. William Tucker of Sprejton desires to be buried at 
Spreyton, and leaves is. to that cluirch and to the poor^ and 
IS. to the church of Morchard Bishop, with 5s. to the poor 

To his daughters Katteron and Joane, money bequest at 
21, and three silver spoons each, and to each certain "brazen 

To brother Michael's children, sixpence each. 

To brother Robert's children, sixpence each, and a like 
sum to "sister Sibley's" children, and to those of his two 
brothers-in-law, John Tracey and John Moxhay. 

Residue to wife Katteron, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 30th May, 1629. No proof. Index dated " May, 

1629. Administration to the effects of Jane Tucker of St. 
Mary the More {i.e., St. Mar)' the Great, commonly called 
St. Mary Major), in city of Exeter, Widow, granted to Susan 
Tucker, 6th July, 1629. 

Note. — Refer to 1621, Part II., an/e. 


1629. The last Will of Mark Fry of Stokeintinliead, datec 
1626. Mentions daughters Anstiss and Richord. 
A legacy to poor of Stokeintinhead. 
Residue to wife Margaret, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved at Exeter, 20th Aug., 1629. 

163 1. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Exminster, dated 
7ih Feby., 163 1. 

To poor of the parish, 40s., to be distributed on the third 
Sabbath after his burial. 

To daughter Grace, £'&0, to be paid in two instalments, on 
the 2nd Feby., 1633, and on the 2nd Feb)-., 1635 ; with 
reversion to Margaret, daughter of Peter Tucker of Kenn, 
if said Grace should die before she attains the age of four 

To Grace, daughter of said Peter Tucker, £\0 at 21. 

To Thomas, son of Edward Tucker of Dawlisli, £\o at 21. 

To brother Edward Tucker, ^^5, and lilce sum to brother 
Peter Tucker. 

Residue to wife Grace Tucker, who i.s Sole Executrix. 

Proved 15th Feby., 163 1. 

163 1. Nuncupative Will of William Tucker of Shobrooke, 
dated lOth April, 163 1. Wife Petronell, universal legatee and 
Sole Executrix. 

Proved April 15th, 1631. 

Sum ;^83 IS. I id. 

163 1. Administration to the efiftcts of Tristrai 
granted i8th Nov., 1631, to Joan, his widow. 

163 1. Administratirin to the effects of John Tucker 
Poltimore, deceased, granted 3rd Mhv, 1631, to Mary Tucl- 
the widow. 



Inventory of John Tucker of Poltimore, exhibited 

3rd May, 1631, made 29th April. 

5 acres and a half of Wheat in the ground 


, of Barley 


, of Rye 


, of Pease 


, of Oats 

2 Bl 

.shels of Wheat 




163 1-2. Administration to the effects of Alice Tucker, late 
of Exeter, granted Jany. 24th, 1631-2, to Elizabeth Stabbicke. 

1632. Administration to the effects of William Mortimore 
of Rewe, granted 30th April, 1632, to Christian Mortimore, 
his widow. 

" Dennys Mortimer, widow, was a debtor to the estate of 

1632. The last Will of Thomasine Osmond of Uplowman, 
Widow, dated 5th Fehy., 1631. To son William, i Platter 

Residue to son-in-law John Darcy, who is Sole Exor. 
Witnesses — Bennet Bobishc. 

Pliillippe SheppHrti. 
Michaell Bobishe. 
Proved 25th July, 1632. 

1632. Peter Tucker of Upton Pjme, i6th Nov., 1632. 
Leaves his body to Christian burial. Bequests to William 
Mogridge and Wilmot, his wife. 

To sons Jolin, Peter, and Thomas Tucker, at 16, ^lo each. 

To brother George and sister Thamsin, los. each. 

Residue to wife Wilmot. who is Sole Executrix. 

Trustees — John Tucker and Robert Pridham. 

Proved Dec. nth, 1632. 

Sum .^223 I2S. lod. 


1633. Administration to the effects of John Tucker of 
Tiverton, granted March 17th, 1634, to George Parrington, 
his son-in-law. 

1633. Administration to the effects of Thomas Fry, late 
of Colompton, granted 27th Oct., 1633, to Alary, liis widow. 

1635. The Will of John Tooker of Branipford Speke, dated 
1st April, 1635. 

He leaves in trust to Amias and John Warren of Stoke 
Canon, ;^8o ; in trust for son John Tucker. 

To said trustees, ^'90, for son Tristram. 

To daughter Ebbot £ap at 24, and to granddaughter Maiy 
Coxx, 20s. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Sum £210 14s. 

1636. The last Will of William Mortimer of Bradninch. 
Gives to " reparacion of parish church, 3s. 4d., and to the 
poor, I OS." 

To his kinswoman Grace, wife of Robert Miller, t<> Judith 
Downing's children, to Christopher Taylor's daughter Mary, 
to John Garnsey's son, and to Thomas Wood,* there are small 
bequests. To son Thomas Mortimer, the tenement at Bollam 
in Tiverton, 

Residue to wife Johan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Dated 31st July, 1635. Proved 3rd March, 1636. 

1637. The last Will, nuncupative, of John Moi timer of 
Bridford, Husbandman. 

To the poor of the parish, 2s. To son Edward, and to his 
children, small bequests ; and also to son Gilbert. 

Residue to sons John and Symon Mortimer, who are joint 

Proved 28th April, 1637. 

Sum ^53 I2S. 

* Refer to March, 1618, Will of .Kgncs Moriimer. 


1638. Robert Tocker of Tivertmi, by Will nuncupative 
dated 31st April, 1638, left his eight children sixpence each. 
Residue to wife Thomazine, who is Sole Executrix. 

1638. William Tooker of Broadclist, dated 7th Aug., 1638. 

By Will nuncupative he then left 20s. each to daughters 
Richorda, Julian, and Mary Tooker, and mentions his son 

Residue to wife, Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 3rd Sept., 1638. 

1638. Thomazine " Tacker," late of Tiverton, by Will 
nuncupative of 20th Sept., 1638, gave her daughter Julian her 
dwelling-house and all her goods save "one brazen crocke." 

Residue to Mary " Tucker," who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved Oct. 20th, 1638. 

1639. Simon Tucker of St. Mary Steps, Exeter, by Will 
nuncupative 22nd Sept., " or thereabout." 

Bequeaths to poor of the parish 20s. To grandchild 
Nicholas Coombe, 50s., and an annuity of is. 
To cousin Emlyn Tucker, i,"io. 
Residue to wife Agnis, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved I5lh Oct., 1639. 
Sum iJ'ioS is. 8d. 

Inventory of above made 14th Oct., 1639. 
" Imprimis his purse & girdell & wearing apparell, with his 
gown, £6 I OS." 

Item, 2 sylver bowles and a here bole. 

Item, in the Chamber over the Shoppe, one muskett with 
pair of bandaliers and a sworde, with other articles, £\y 6s. lod. 
In the kitchen, 2 Bibles. 
Item, for 8 kine, £2^. 

" for Wheat in the barne ... ... ... £j 16 lo 

"Hay ... ... ... ... ... 3 10 9 

" One reeke of woode in the garden, is. 6d." 



1639. The Nuncupative Will of John Mortimer of Bishop's 
Cheriton, dated 19th Feb}-., 1639. 

Mentions sons James, John, and Gilbert ; daughters Frances, 
wife of Robert Chapell, and Ann and Joan Mortimer. 

Residue to wife Wilmot Mortimer, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — John Woodly. 

Roger Mortimer. 

Proved Feb}-., 1639. 

Sum £10 9s. lod. 

1640. The last Will of Richard Tucker of Tiverton. To 
be buried in parish church or churchyard, and leaves the 
poor I OS. 

To son John Tucker, ^^30 at 21. To child "wife now goes 
witli," a similar legacy. 

If wife marry again to pay £to to brothers William and 
Nicholas Tucker, for purpose of said bequest. 

Wife Ebbot, Sole Executrix. 

Dated " i6th year of Charles." Proved July 31st, 1640. 


Extracts from Inventory of 


rd Tucker, 


31st July, 1640. 


3 score sheepe & lambs 

.. ^20. 


all his hogges 

.. £i. 


Corn in grounde 

.. £^c^. 


Reed, furse, & dunge 

.. £\. 


I horse & i colt 

.. £1 I OS. 

3 kine & 2 calves 

.. i:i2. 

all his poultiye 

.. £0 2s. 6d 

Butter, beef, & bacon ... 

.. ^I. 

Wood, &c 

.. £2. 


sum of personalty, ^^123 13s. i 


1640. Administration to estate of Elizabeth Tocker of 
Thorncombe, Widow, t;ranted 12th Ma}-, 1640. to William 
Tocker, her son. 


1641. The last Will of Marie Tucker of Brampford Speke, 

She confirms a legacy of her late husband's, "John Toocker," 
of £<^0 to their youngest son Tristram, and adds to it £a,0 
and an annuity of 40s., all payable out of a messuage in said 
parish, and she also gives said son " Tristram " " the occupation 
of a chamber in her dwelling house." To daughter Mary, 
wife of Richard Copp, " my best gown." To daughter Ebbot,- 
" my wearing apparell." 

Residue to son John Tucker, who is Sole Executor. 

Dated Sept. ist, 1637. Proved 3rd Dec, \6<\\. 

Sum £217 IS. 4d. 

1642. Nicholas Tucker of Clayhanger, Husbandman, 9th 
Sept., 1642, "intreates his surviving friends to bury his corps." 
Confirms to sister Mary (with remainder to children of late 
Cilian Cornworthy ; aunts Ursula Harte and Christian Webber ; 
and daughter Jane Tucker, with further remainder to sister 
Joane Tucker), a legacy of i^8o, thus bequeathed by his 
father, Nicholas Tucker. 

Gives sister "Jaune Tucker" £\o, in addition to £\0 left 
her by said father. " To daughter Jane, aforesaid, my Chiste, 
Bible, and all the rest of my books." 

Residue to wife, "Jaune," who is Sole Executri.v. 

Memorandum — " This is the true intent and meaning of 
Nicholas Tucker, deceased, but brought unto better form. 
Edward Gardiner, Clericus." 

Witnesses — Hugh Pimme, Denys Mortyniore. 

Proved 25th Oct., 1642, 

Sum ^263 lOi. 

Note. — That learned clerk, "Edward Gardiner," was not vicar of the 
])arish, but about this time William Norris was ejected from the living 
by the Puritans and was afterwards restored^ 


1643. Thomas Tucker of St Thomas the Apostle, Black- 

To son Geoi'ije, 5s. To daughter Elizabeth, "the best 
lattine Candlestick " {i.e., brass candlestick). 

To daughters Joliane, Mary "the elder," and Mar,v the 
younger, furniture and sundry " brasse pannes." 

To son Nicholas, freehold house, orchard, and garden, after 
•the expiration of the present lease. 

Residue to wife Johan and son Nicholas, who are joint 

Proved 13th Jany., 1643. 

Sum ;^43 Ss. Sd. 

1643. Administration to the estate of John Mortimer, late 
of Ashton, granted iQtli Feby., 1643, ^^ Elizabeth, his relict. 
Sum £21 4s. 2d. 

1643. The last Will, nuncupative, of John Mortimoore of 
Bridford, made in presence of Michaell Dollinge, clearke, and 
Mary, wife of Gilbert Mortimoore of Bridforde. He leaves 
the poor of Bridford 4s. To brother Gilbert, is. 

Residue to two brothers, Edward and Simon, who are 
Sole Exors. 

Proved 29th Dec, 1643. 

Sum ^23 5.S. 4d. 

1644. The last Will of Robarte Tucker of Spreyton. He 
leaves his children William and Mary 20s. each, payable three 
years after his death, by his widow, Tuomasiiie Tucker, who 
is residuary legatee and Sole Executrix. 

Dated "13th Feby., 19th Charrell." 

Proved 26th April, 1644. 

Sum £26 17s. 4d. 


1644. Roger Tucker of Luppitt, Will, nuncupative, dated 
7th June, 1643. 

To daughter, wife of Gervase Burroughs, ;^5 ; to her two 
children, Margery and Mary Burroughs, ;^5 each. 

To grandchildren John, Jonathan, Susanna, Mary, and Ger- 
trude, children of son James Tucker, ;^5 each. 

To brother Walter's son, John Tucker, 20s 

Residue to son James, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved at Exeter, May, 1644. 

Note. — This Will is omitted from tlie Calendars of the Exeter 
District Registry. 

1644. Nuncupative Will of Gilbert Tooker of Kenne, 
1st May, 1644. 

He gives "one ewe sheep apiece" to each of the children 
of his sons Edward and Peter, and of his son-in-law, Roger 
Denshani. To son John Tooker, certain furniture, four mat- 
tocks, a bill-hook and a hatchet. To son Edward, ^10. To 
Grace, daughter of said son Peter, " one coffer." 

Residue to said Peter Tucker, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved 31st May, 1644. 

1644. The last Will of William Tucker of Cadbury, dated 
23rd June, 1643. 

To god-daughter Joan, 5s., and to the other children of 
John Carpenter, is. each. 

Legacies to sister's children, Hejiiy and Grace Bradford, 
and to " Cousins " Henry and William Tucker. 

Residue to cousin, Peter Tucker. 

Two Trustees, of whom "Cousin Henry Bradford" is one. 

Proved 22nd Nov., 1644. 

Sum £-j\ 9s. 

1646. Administration to the effects of Robert Mortimer of 
Dunsford, granted to his wife, Ursula, 131)1 May, 1646. 

Sum £j% 5s. 8d. 



1646. The last Will of Mary Tucker, Widow, of Poltimore, 
dated July 27th, 1646. 

Mentions sons Robert, William, and Valentine Tucker, 
daughter Mary, wife of Roger Druscombe, and her daughter, 
Mary Druscombe. 

Residue to daughter, Elliiie Tucker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 28th Aug., 1646. 

1646. Administration to the effects of John Tucker of 
Tiverton, granted Oct. 21st, 1646, to Agnes, his daughter, 
and to lier husband, John Gill. 

Inventory made by "John Tucker" and others. 

1647. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Tedburn St. 
Mary, 31st Jany., 1646. 

3s. 4d. to the poor of the parish, on the day of his funeral. 

Legacies to son Robert, and grandchild Bridget, daughter 
of said son. 

Residue to wife, Johan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 26th May, 1647. 

Sum £t\ I OS. 4d. 

1647. The last Will, dated 3rd Oct., 1646, of John Tucker 
of Kenne, Yeoman. 

Legacies of 15s. to poor of Kenne and Dartington. 

To son Henry, all goods, &c., in parish of Dartington. 

To daughter Amys t^wen, 20s., and to her children 6s. 8d. 

Certain furniture in the hall to daughter-in-law Elizb. 

To daughter Mary Tucker, i^ioo at 22 or at marriage, 
together with the beds and other furniture in the new cham- 
ber, two pieces of plate and a dozen silver spoons, and a 
dozen best pewter dishes, pots, crocks, and the andirons, 
brought from Dartington. If said Mary marries without the 


consent of her mother, or dies in minority, there is remainder, 
as follows : — 

To son Henry, ^40 and a piece of plate, " parsell giltes," 
to daughter Aniys Ewens, £t\0 and a piece of white plate, 
and £20 to daugliter Elizabeth Nosworthy. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved by Executrix, 23rd April, 1647. 

NoTK. — Inventory shows that testator's plate consisted of " 2 sylver 
■ booles, and one dozen syllver spoones," valued at ^7. 

1648. \_Copy?^ "Margaret Tucker, Tiverton, July 17th, 1646. 
Imprimis I give unto my two brothers, Allen Tucker and 
John Tucker, lOs. apiece. Also I give to my sisters, Susan 
and Elizabeth Tucker, 10 poundes apiece. Item I give unto 
Jane Browne ffive poundes. Item I have made my lovinge 
ffather mine Executor. 

" Margaret Tucker." 
Witnesses — Robert Coad. 

Humphry Codner. 

1648. Administration to the effects of Margaret Tucker of 
Tiverton, deceased, granted 2nd Feby., 1648, to Henry Tucker, 
her father. 

1648. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Tiverton, 
Apothecary, dated 3rd Sept., 1644. 

Leaves to " the minister that preacheth my ffuneral sermon, 

To Allen, John, Susanna, and Elizabeth, children of brother 
Henry Tucker, 40s. each. 

" I make my Cousin, Margarite Tucker, now my servant, 
eldest daughter to my brother Henry, residuary legatee and 
Sole Executrix." 

Administration granted to testator's brother, Henry Tucker, 
2nd Feby., 1648. 

Note — Testator's ^Vill, who evidently died before 17th July, 1646, 
must have been left unproved by the e.xecutrix named therein. See her 
own will ante. 


164S. Administratioti to the effects of William Tucker of 
Tiverton, granted 14th July, 1648, to Sara Tucker, alias 
Lakey, his relict. 

Sum £2 6s. 

1649. Administration to the effects of Alexander Toker 
of Stockley English, granted 12th Jul\-, 1649, t-O Henry 
" Tooker," his brother. 

1649. The last Will of . . . Morlimore (Andrew.?) of 
Upton Helinge, Husbandman, dated 20th F"eby., i6th James. 
He gives his "wife" the residue of a lease of rent-charge 
upon property in Crediton and Cheriton Fitz-Payne, de- 
terminable on the life of Thomas Mortimore ; he charges it 
with an annuity of ^^5 to son John. 

Trustees — William Bremebridge and William Eswortin-, 
with 6s. 8d. each for their trouble. 

Name of Exor. omitted ; residue undisposed of. 

Witnesses— John Passord, Henry Stogdon, John Hayman, 
Bartholomew Goche. 

Administration granted i6th Juh', 1649, to Christopher 
Paj'ne, the liusband of Agnes, relict and executor, de jure, 
of deceased, called "Andrew" Alortimore, of Upton Hellions, 
in the Calendars of the district registry, and who had died 
without proving her father's will. 

Note. — "William Bremebridge," the trustee, whose family name is 
otherwise variously written in old documents — Bremelrig, Bremebrig, 
and now Breniridge, was "aged 21 " in 1598, and was son and heir 
of John Breniridge of Bremridge in Sandford, co. of Devon, who was 
thirteenth in descent from Robert Bremridge of Bremridge, ad. 1218, 
great-grandson of Drogo Fitz-Mauger of Bradleigh, and Bremridge its 
"parcel," sub-tenant of the latter manor in 1087. and also of Brem- 
ridge in South Molton. The said Drogo Fitz-Mauger was son of 
Mauger, Earl of Arquois, son of Richard IF, and grandson of 
Richard F, Dukes of Normandy, by Gunnora, sister of Herfast, the 
Dane. Bremridge passed, by the marriage of Anna Maria, daughter 
and ultimate heir of John Bremridge of Bremridge, with Richard 
Melhuish of Poughill. co. Devon, marriage license 20th Nov., 1775, to 
her son 'I'homas Mclhui>h of Poughill. The Bremridges of Exeter 
and Wmkleigh are a younger branch of this ancient family. 

Arms — Sa., a chevron between 3 crosslets, or. 


1650. The last Will, nuncupative, of Francis Tucker of 
Exeter, dated 17th Sept., 1650. He gives all the books in 
his study to his brother Lawrence. " All his ready money, 
and whatsoever he has in his box to his kinswomen, Mary 
and Elizabeth Mapowder, daughters of Francis Mapowder of 
Exeter, merchant. 

Admon. granted to said Mary and Elizabeth, 30th Sept., 

1650. The last Will of Edward Mortimore of Bridfoid, 
dated 3rd Aug., 1650. 

He leaves to the poor of the parish, 3s. 4d. To eldest 
son, Edward, ^^40, and like sums to sons Abraham, Nathaniel, 
and Gilbert, at 21, and to daughter Thomasine. 

Lease of ' Townsend living " in Dunsford to wife Elizabeth. 
Trustees, " my good friends Thomas Mortimer of Dunsford 
and Gilbert Mortinier of St. Thomas." 

Residue to said wife, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 6th Sept., 1650. 

Sum .^247 I2S. 4d. 

165 1. Tiie last Will of Dorothy Tucker of Thorverton, 
Widow, dated 19th June, 1649. Bequests to the poor of 
Thorverton and Shobrooke. 

She leaves her daughters Charity Venne of Payhembury, 
Joan Stjling, Agnes Hughes (Tiverton), and Marie Keliand, 
i^io each. 

To John, son of son Henry Tucker of Stoke Canon, and 
to the latter's otlier children, Lewis, Elizabeth, and Dorothy, 
.i^io each at 16. Residue to Humphry Thomas of Tliorverton, 
who is Sole Exor. 

By the Inventory it appears that Walter Ciossc owed 
testatri.x ^248 6s. 8d., and also ^200 ; Edmund Browne of 
Newton St. Cyres, ^^50. 

Piovcd by Executor named, 30th May, 165 1. 

Sum £i,\o ros. 

DE VONSH/RE U'lL LS. , 9 , 

1660. The last Will of Roger Tooker of the city of 
Exeter, "In holder," dated 13th Oct., 1660. Legacies of 
^100 to sons Hugh and Roger, at 24. 

Residue to wife Am\-, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved 1 8th Dec, 1660. 

Note.— Indorsed "Roger Curtis Tooker." 

1661. Administration to the effects of Henry Tucker of 
Cadbury, granted to Christian, his widow, 17th Jan)-., 1661. 

He had a chattell lease of a close of land and a house 
called " King's House,'' in parish of Tiveitoii. 

1662. Administration to the effects of Joini Tucker of 
Whimple, granted 4th Feb}'., 1662, to Alice Crutchett, next 

1662. The last Will, nuncupative, of Peter Tooker of Kenn, 
Yeoman, dated 28th July, 1662. 

To daughters Margaret Barter, Grace Lamb, and Joan 
Damarell, £^ apiece. His house to eldest son, Gilbert; a 
meadow to son Thomas. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 22nd Aug., 1662. 

Sum £-1 iSs. 4d. 

1664. The last Will of William Tucker of Tiverton, Hus- 
bandman, dated 29th Nov., 1664. To son Humphry and 
daughter Grace, ;£^50 each. 

Re.sidue to son William, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 7th Dec, 1664. 

Armorial Seal, in red wax — "an antelope." 

Sum, ;^I45 i8s. lod. 

1665. Administration to the effects of William Tucker of 
Axminster, granted to Agnes his wife, 17th Maj-, 1665. 
Sum, £11 4s. 


1665. Jolianiia Tucker of VVhitstone, i^'ranted to Anne 
Kinguell, lier dau;4hter, of Morcliard Bishop, I3tli June, 1665. 

1665. Nicliolas Tucker of Plymtree, to Lucy, his reUct, 
20th Sept, 1665. 
Sum, £21 14s. 5d. 

1665. The bst Will of Elizabeth Tucker of Kenn, Widow. 

To poor of Kenn, 20.s. To daughter Mary, wife of John 
Wright of Feniton, a silver bowl. To grandchildren Elizabeth, 
Philip, and Mary Wright, and John, Thomas, and David 
Nosworthy, 40s. each. To grandchild Honor Nosworthy, 
" the standing bedstead ' performed ' {i.e., perfect), the Spruce 
Chest, the table board, and the form, all standing in the 
new chamber, one brass pot and three pewter dishes." 
Similar bequests of furniture to grandchildren Mary and 
Elizabeth Nosworthj'. Mentions daughter Elizabeth Nosworthy. 

Residue to John Nosworthy, the elder, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 20th Oct., 1665. 

1666. Administration to the effects of Jolin Tucker of 
Tiverton, granted lOth May, i665, to Deborah, the widow. 
Sum, £% I OS. 

1667. The last Will of Susanna Tucker of Luppit, Widow, 
dated 20th July, 1657. She gives her leasehold estate called 
Rugpath, and her best petticoat, to lier son John Tucker. 
She gives son Thomas £go, and liis bed, and " my best pot 
called Thomazine's pot & platter." 

To son Joseph, his bed and £<^0, and the " olde pot." 
Further bequests to daughters Elizabeth Wiet* and Rabbage 
Flood, and granddaughters Elizabetli Wiet and " fi\e " others, 
and also Stephen Flood. 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved loth April, 1667. 

Sum, ^^415 1 8s. 6d. 

* Elizabeth, wife of Christopher Wiet of Ottery Si. Mary. 


1667. Administration to the effects of Nicholas Tucker of 
Bampton, granted I2lh Sept., 1667, to Maryciy, his relict. 

1667. Inventory of Nicholas Tucker, made 15th Marcl 

"Item 6 Steers & 4 Hefi'ers, with 2 yerelings 
" 36 Sheepe 

"4 Pigs 

" Corne in barne ... 


" Butter & Cheese 

" 3 Horses with their takelin 

Sum, x^i4S. 

£10 o o 
16 o o 
o 10 o 
9 o o" 

1667. The last Will of Mary Tucker of Halberton, Widow, 
dated i6th Oct., 1667. 

Tenement in said parish to son Nicholas Tucker ; certain 
furniture, and " the house ladder, hanging over Joiin Hancock's 

To grandchildren Anne and Rebecca Tucker, " one pewter 
dish apiece,'' " which are uppon the cupboard in the parler." 

To son-in-law Christopher Burton, " one olde tubbe to keep 
corn in." Mentions grandchildren Mary and Elizabeth Burton, 
and Mary Martyn. 

Residue to son-in-law, Robert Martyn, wlio is Sole Exor. 

Proved 15th Nov., 1667. 

i66S. The last Will of Susannah Osmond of Tiverton, 
Widow, Sept. 26th, 1668. 

To kinsman George Osmond, ;^5. To James Osmond, 40s- 
Residue to " kinsfolk " Elizb. W'ard, and Thomas and Elizb. 
Osmond, who are joint Exors. 

John Osmond a Trustee. 

Proved 7th Oct., 1668. 

Sum, i^iSs IIS. 8d. 


iC68. The nuncupative Will of Joseph Tucl^er of Luppit, 
1st Nov., 1667. 

To John and Elizabeth, cliildien of Jolni Flood of Broadway, 
CO. Somerset, £\2 each at 21. To Susannah, tiieir sister, 40s. 
To tlieir mother, " Rabetch Flood " (Testator's sister), £\\. 

To brother Thomas Tucker, to sister Elizabeth, wife of 
Christopher Wj-ett, and their children Elizabeth, Cliristopher, 
John, Susan, and Samuel Wyett, small bequests at 21. 

To brother John Tucker, los. at 21. 

Residue to said last-named brother, who is Sole E.vecutor. 

Proved 1 8th Dec, 1668. 

1669. Administration to the effects of Maria Mortimer of 
Cheriton, granted 6th Oct., 1669, to Tliomas Ward, her son. 
Thomas Ward of Cheriton, husbandman, joins the bond. 

1669. Administration to tlie effects of John Mortimore of 
Sprej-ton, granted 19th March, 1O69-70, to Alice, liis wife. 

1669. The last Will of John Osmond of Willand, dated 
25th Sept., 1669. 

He assigns a legacy "left him by Father" to the maintenance 
of son James Osmond, to be administered by brothers George 
and James Osmond as trustees, and he leaves them tlie residue 
of his estate in trust for the benefit of wife ]\lary, witli 
remainder to nephew James, son of said George Osmond, and 
James, son of brother Thomas Osmond, deceased. 

Witnesses, Robert and l^lizabeth Dowdney. 

Administration granted to testator's said brothers, George 
and James Osmond, 14th Jany., 1669. 

Note. — The Dowdneys, otherwise Dewdeneys, were long settled at 
Doddiscombleigh, and more recently at Stoke Canon. 
Arms — Sable, a bend erm., cotised or. 


1669. Administration to the effects of Agnes Tucker of 

Tiverton, granted Stli Oct., 1669, to IMaria Tucker, licr 

1670. Admon. to the effects of William Tucker of Halber- 
ton, "ranted I2tli Aug., 1670, to Amy, liis widow. 

1670. "Amy" (or Aniic) Tucker of Halberton. Widow, 
granted 15th Sept., 1670, to Richard Tucker, lier brotlicr. 

1670. Tiie last Will of Nicholas Tucker of Westmeare in 
parish of Tiverton, 13th Aug, 1667. Legacies to children 
John, Elizabeth, Alice, and Margaret Tucker, Mary, wife of 
Stephen Stone. Special bequest to Margaret, "one coffer, 
second best paire of Sheets, and one d)-aper bord cloth." 

Residue to children James and Johan, who are joint Exors. 

Kinsman Thomas Tidbolle, trustee. 

Proved 9th Sept, 1670. 

Note.— The Tidboulds, Tidholles, or Tidballs, are an old Devon- 
shire family, of late years resident at Chuluileigh. 

Samuel Tidball, in 161 3, accepted the curacy of Ashburton, and was 
subsequently Head Master of the Grammar School. Upon the death 
of his sonindaw, Mark Law, who had married iiis daughter Maria, and 
had succeeded his father, Archdeacon Law, as Yirar of Ashburton, Mr. 
Tidball was himself instituted to that preterment ia 1644. He died in 

'J'he Will of his son, Samuel Tidball, gentleman, dated 20th May, 
1666, was |)roved in the Court of the Dean and Chapter of E.xeter, 
13th July, that year. 

1670. The last Will of John Tucker of Tiverton, Bachelor, 
dated lOth Oct., 1670. 

To his two sisters Mar\- Tucker, " the elder," and Mary 
Tucker, "the younger," ;{^20 each. He settles an estate called 
" Coomburllej'S," in said paiish, upon the sons of his brother 
Philip, and their heirs, with remainder, in default, to his said 
two .'iisters. £~, to be spent on his funeral. 

Residue to brother William Teicker, who is Sole E.xor. 


Ji'hil Harnett, testator's grand fatlier, and Jolin Burrage, 
seige maker, are trustee-^. 

Admoii. granted to Jolm liiirrage and John Chilcott, in 
minority of Exor., 17th Jan)-., 1670. 

1670. The last W'dl, nuncupative, of Francis Osmond of 
Haiberton, dated 23rd July, 1670. Mentions sons Robert, 
Abraham, and John, daughters Jone and Deborah, and grand- 
child Deborah Lee. Residue to said sons, and to Francis, 
their brother, and to daughter, Deborah Lee, who are joint 

Proved 5th Aug., 1670. 

1670. Administration to the estate of James Osmond, 
Gentleman, of Haiberton, granted i6th August, 1670, to 
Susannah, his relict. 

167 1. The last Will of Thomas Mortimore of Harpford, 
2 1 St Jany., 1663. 

He gives wife Ursula certain furniture, and "that cheare 
which I brought away from Saltcrton." 

Bequests to Emmet, wife of Robert Harrii.s of Exeter, and 
to their daughter Mary. 

To Richard and Mary, children of late Richard Mortimore, 
£2 5 s. each. 

"To the clarke to toll the bell, is 6d." 

"To the bedman for his pajnes, is." To the poor, is, and 
to the poor of Newton Poppleford, is. 

Residue to John, son of late Richard Mortimore, who is 
Sole Exor. 

20s. to be spent on the funeral. 

Witnesses, John Saiward (Seaward), Richard Dagworthy, 
and Jacob Clarke. 

Proved 2nd May, 1 67 1. 


1671. The last Will of Thomas I\Iort\-more of Bradninch, 
22nd May, 167 1. He doubles a bequest of 20s. by father, 
William Mortymore, in favour of " ni}- two daughters," Elizb., 
wife of William Maye, and Mary, wife of Thomas Hardinge. 

Mentions grandchildren John, Joan, and Richard Hardinge. 
Grandchild Thomas Venn, "a Bible, five wagges (wedges), and 
a thort saw" (cross-cut saw). Residue to grandchildren 
Thomas, Agnes, and Amos Venn, who are joint Exors. 

Proved by trustees, Robert Salter and Tiiomas Hardinge, 
7th June, 1 67 1. 

1671. Administration to the effects of William Fr}-, Yeoman, 
of Upotterj', granted 2Sth April, 1671, to Joan, his relict. 

167 1. The last Will of Robert Mortimore, of Faringdon, 
1st July, 1671. 

To son Robert, " my brewing kieve." To daughter Haimah, 
"a standard, and one pewter dish." To daughter Joan, "a 
bedstead and bed, with liberty to come and go until she is 
married or dead." Mentions son Thomas and daughters Alice 
and Hester. Gives house and garden to son Henry, and makes 
him residuary legatee and Sole Exor. 

Proved 20th Oct., 1671. 

167 1. Administration to the effects of George Tucke 
Shobrooke, granted 3rd Feb}'., 1671, to Maria Tucker, 

1672. The last Will of Valentine Tucker of Poltimore, 
8th May, 1672. To poor of the parish, 10,'-. Gives daughter, 
Joan Wilcocks, an interest in " Tongington," in parish of 
Exminster. Mentions " my two sons-in-law," Philip and 
Amias Wilcocks. Residue to son John, who is Sole Excjr. 

Proved 7th Jany., 1672. 

Sum, ^^238 17s. lod. 

igS DErON.S/I/KE I17LI.S. 

1673. The last Will .if Robert Tucker of Tedburn. To 
son Robert, ^50. To cliiidren, Bridget, Elizabeth, Johan, 
John, Mary, and Peter Tucker, ;^20 each. To sons Thomas 
and Mark Tucker, the tenement called Colly-Hay, his residence. 
Residue to wife Bridget, who is Sole E.xecutrix. 

Proved nth April, 1673. 

1673. The last Will of Nicholas Osmond of Halberton, 
1 8th Feby., 1668. To poor of parish, 50/-. Bequests to 
daughters, Elizb. Osmond and Anne Chamberlyn, and to 
lattcr's son, John Chamberlyn. To brother, Francis Osmond ; 
to sister, Sarah Bennett ; to Henry Gold the elder ; and to 
his daughter, Maudlyn Gold. Residue to son Abraham Os- 
mond, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2nd June, 1673, 

Sum, £24<^ 13s. lod. 

1673. The last Will nuncupative of Michael Osmond of 
Halberton, 1st Nov. 1672. He makes his wife Jnane, his 
daughter, Joane Weber, and his son, Christopher Osmond, 
joint residuary legatees and Exors. 

Trustees — Arthur and John Kerslake. 

Proved iith July, 1673. 

1674. The last Will of Christian Tuker of Stokeintinhead, 
Widow, 8th Feby., 1673. 

She gi\'es her house and garden to Grace, daughter of 
brother Abraham Ladimer (Latimer) of the parish of St. 
Nicholas (Shaldon). Mentions sister, Amy Lang, and gives 
Sara Lang "one gold ring which was her grandmother's." 
To Mary Lang, " one drawer of apills." " Cosin " {i.e., nephew) 
Abraham Ladimer, " George Monk's children," and Joan Poole, 
are also mentioned. Residue to brother-in-law, Thomas Lang, 
who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 1st Ma\', 1674. 


1674. Admon. to the estate of Arthur Tucker, late of 

St. David's, Exeter, granted 26th June, 1674, tu Agnes Blake, 
otherwise Tucker. 

1674. Admon. to the estate of Matthew Mortimore of 
Christovve, granted 15th Nov., 1674, to Isot, his relict. 

1674. The last Will of Simon Mortiiner of Dunsford. Gives 
£20 each to sons Thomas and " Symon," and to daughter 
Mary Mortimer. Mentions brother Gilbert Mortimer, son-in-law 
George Mortimer, and sister-in-law Amy Potter. To grandson 
George Mortimer, £\2. Residue to wife Ellinor, who is Sole 

Proved 24th March, 1674. 

1675. The last Will of George Osmond of Broadclist, 
Yeoman, ist Dec., 1675. To sou James, " my tenement called 
Goosens " at 21. Residue to wife Margaret, who is Sole 

Proved 9th Feby., 1675. 

1678. The la.t Will of Agnes Osmond of Halbcrton, 
Widow, 8th Sept., 1676. Mentions grandchildren, Agnes 
Turner, widow, Thoniasine Turner, Margt. Turner, Elinor, 
wife of Edward Weeks, Henry and Abraham, sons of Henry 
Trent, and Joan, wife of Henry Trent. Daughters Joan,, wife 
of Abraham Turner, and Elizabeth, wife of Edward Hitchcocke. 
She also mentions " Elizabeth, wife of John Morrish," and 
Robert Bragg. 

Residue to said " grandchild " Joan, wife of Henry Tient, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Thomas Dowdne\- and Maudl)-n Gold. 

Proved loth June, 1678. 

200 nEVO.VSn/A'E WILLS. 

1679. The last Will of Tobias Tucker of Cheriton Fitz- 
paine, 23rd Dec, 1679. He leaves his " cosens " GilliiiCT, 
Elizabeth, Mary, and Constance Jones, children of his sister 
Elizabeth, 40/- each. To Thomasine Easterbrook, 40/- ; and 
to " brother's two children," 40/- each. To Bartholomew 
Huish, 5/-; to John Huish, senr., 20/- and the "little mare"; 
to William, son of John Huish, 10/-. To godson, Roger 
Glanfield, 10/-. Funeral to cost ^^4. Residue to brother, 
Richard Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 6th Jany., 1 679. 

1679. The last Will of John Tucker of Cleyhidon. To his 
two daughters Margt., wife of George Pocock, and Elizabeth, 
wife of Thomas Somerhayes, 5/- each. 

£\(iO to be raised on his estate, and the interest paid to 
daughter Bridget, wife of John Sejman, with remainder to 
her sons, John, Edniond, and William Sparke, and Nicholas 
Seyman. To son-in-law, John Troke, i/-. He bequeaths a 
debt of £ifi, due to him from George Pocock, to his grand- 
children, Elizabeth, Joane, Henry, and George Pocock. 

And a debt of £\0, due to him from Thomas Somerhayes, 
to grandchild Elizb. Somerhayes. To grandchild Alice Troke, 
£^ at 21. Residue to son Nicholas Tucker, who is Sole 

Proved Sth May, 1679. 

1679. The last Will of Philip Tucker of Tiverton, 15th Dec, 
1679. To Mary Pullin and Mary Webber, leasehold house 
and garden adjoining the Churchjard gate. 

Residue of a lease of a house in occupation of William 
Chilcote, to "cosens" Mary, Agnes, and Susaimah Pullen and 
their issue, for a term of 2,000 years, and also an eighth part 
of "Way" for similar term. 

To brother, William Tucker, 10,'-. Residue to said " cosen " 
Agnes Pullin, who is Sole E.xecutri.x'. 

Proved 2ist Feby., 1679. 

Admon. granted to Petherick Hopkins, in minority of Agnes 
Pullin, 2 1 St Feby., 1679. 


1679. Tlie last Will of Roger Tucker of St. Thomas, by 
Exeter, 20th Oct., 1679. To the poor of St. Thomas the 
Apostle, 30/-. 

To nephew Henr}-, son of late George Tucker of George- 
Nymet, 40!- p.n. The will, which extends over two sheets, is 
filled with names of his mere acquaintance. To " the children" 
of his " mother's sister by Thomas W'orthcn " he gives £g. 
To Dorothy Godfrej' " the remnant of white woollen cloth 
which was last in her custody, and his Bible." Residue to 
George, son of said brother, George Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 26th Feby., 1679. 

16S0. The last Will of William Tucker of St. Thomas the 
Apostle, nigh Exeter, 4th Oct., 16S0. 

Bequests to brother Thomas and his child ; to brother 
Anthony and his wife and child ; to brother Samuel and 
sister Joan. 

To " cosen " George, son of George Tucker, £c^ at 2r. 
Residue to brother, George Tuclcer, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 19th Nov., 16S0. 

1680. Administration to the effects of Stephen Tucker 
late of Luppit, granted 21st Oct., 1680, to Anstis his wife. 

1680. Administration to the effects of Mary Mortimer of 
Holcomb Burnell, granted 21st March, 1680, to Mary Braggats 
Mortimore her dautrhter. 

1680. Administration to the efl'ects of Harry Mortimore of 
Farringdon, granted 5th Oct., 16S0, to Joan his wife. 

16S0. Admon. to the effects of John Mortimore of Thorver- 
ton, granted I2th Jany., l68o-8l,to John Xorrish, their uncle, 
for the benefit of Thomas Mortimore and Lewis Melhuisli, 
brothers of deceased. 

Dyonisius Melhuisli of Thorverton joins the bond. 

202 DEyOXSHIh'E II' I U.S. 

1681. Admon. to the estate of Gilbert Tucker of St. Nicholas 
(Shaldon), granted 22nd Oct., 1681, to his daughter Dorothy, 
wife of Thomas Mudge. 

168 1. The last Will of Johan Tucker of St. Thomas, by- 
Exeter, Widow, 14th Dec. 1681. 

To son Thomas, £^, failing his life, to his wife and to his 
daughter, Elizabeth Tucker. 

To son George, " two rumes of my house, to vvitt the ground 
rume, and the chamber over, and halfe of the garden ploot, 
that is now sett with the saide rumes." 

To son Anthony, " the backer chamber, commonly called 
the chamber over the pentline, and a stable, and the other 
halfe of saide garden." 

To son Samuel, " the other tenement, with a garden ploot, 
the same size as George and Anthony's, and they to have a 
piece of ground apiece to build a pig's stye on." 

Residue to daughter Johane, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved loth Jany., i68i. 

1681. The last Will of George Osmond of Halberton, 
June 6th, 16S1, Yeoman. To the poor, 10/-. 

To son James, ^10, and the "silver salt." 

To son George, a tenement called " Shilcroft," and certain 

To son Philip, ;^200, and a " little desk." 

To daughter Welthian, £120. 

Residue to wife Welthian, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 20th Sept., 1681. 

Sum, £^27 2s. 4d. 

168 1. Admon. to the effects of Andrew Osmond, late of 
the City of Exeter, granted 14th Oct., 1681, to Edward 
B.impfield, principal creditor. 


1682. The last Will of John Tucker the elder, of the parish 
of Holy Trinity, and City of Exeter, dated 6th May, 16S2. 
House and Garden, mortgaged to John Tucker, merchant, to 
son, John Tucker. Mentions " three daughters." Residue to 
wife Rebecca, and son Morris Tucker, they are joint Exors. 

Proved 9th June, 1682. 

1682. Induction. Mandate from "Thomas," the Bishop, to 
the Archdeacon of Exeter (Dr. Edward Lake), to induct 
Nicholas Tucker, clerk, to the Rectory of Hittesleigh, 10th June, 

Note. — " Thomas," Lord Bishop of Exeter, was I")r. Thomas Lam- 
plugh, he became Archbishop of York, Nov., 168S. ''Dr. Edward Lake," 
was the son of an Exeter clergyman ; born 1642, at first of Wadham 
Cull., Oxford, but graduated at Cambridge. He became attached to 
the household of the Duke of York in 1670, and was chaplain and 
tutor to the princesses Mary and .Anne, afterward Queens of England. 
He was present at the marriage of the former with her cousin, the 
Prince of Orange, subsequently William HI., and left in his diary a 
curious account of the ceremony which was solemnized in the bed- 
chamber of the princess at St. James' Palace, at 9 o'clock, on the night 
of Nov. 4th, 1677, after a formal engagement of fourteen days. 
Dr. Lake died in London, ist Feby., 1704, and was buried in the 
church of St. Katherine, 'l"ower Hill. 

1682. The last Will of William Tucker of Cheriton Fitz- 
Paine, nth June, 1678. He leaves £i, to daughter Margaret 
Sharlen. Residue to son Simon, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 23rd Oct., 16S2. 

1682. The last Will of Henry Glover of Tiverton, 26th 
Feby., 16S2. He leaves his four children, William, Thomas, 
Thomazine, and Mary, ^^4 each. Residue of real estate to 
wife Thomazine, for benefit of said children. Residue of 
personality to son Tiiomas " Glover alias Tucker," who is 
Sole Exor. 

Proved 2ist March, 1682. 

Sum, ^,'279 /s. 6d. 


1683. The last Will of William Mortimore the elder, of 
Tiverton, 22nd August, 1682. "To William Mortimorc's wife 
my three gold rings." To son, John Mortimore, "one sylver 
spoone." Residue to sons, William and John Mortimore, who 
are joint Exors. He desires to be buried in Crediton 

Proved i6th May, 1683. 

Oval seal in black wax — charged with a fleiir-de-Iys. 

1683. Administration to the effects of John Tucker of 
Thornecombe, granted 24tii April, 1683, to Joan his lelict. 
Inventory of above, made 7th Nov., 1682 : — 
"Item 5 cows ... ... ... ■■■£\'^ 

3 heifers ... ... ... ... £7 

„ 2 fatt cows... ... ... ... £9 5 

„ 2 yearling heifers ... ... ... £2 

„ One mare and takeling belong to her... £^ 

„ 2 Piggs ... ... ... ..• £2 16." 

1683. John Tucker of Newton St. Cyres, July loth, 1683. 
He leaves his wife Joan an annuity of 50/-. Residue for 
the benefit of his children, Joan, Mary, Francis, and John, in 
trust to brother, Nicholas Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved Sept. nth, 1683. 

1683. Inventory of the effects of John Tucker of Wood- 
leigh, in the parish of Newton St. Cyres, made by Walter 
Tucker and others, i6th July, 1683. 

"Imprimis his purse and apparel ... ■.■£4. 

Item one mare with his furniture ... .. ^^3 

„ 2 Bullocks ... ... ... ...£s 10 

„ One little nursery ... ... ...£i 10 

„ 3 young piggs ... ... ...£i 

„ I littel plot of wheat with the cabbage 

plants, carrots & beans ... ..£2 

All the apples ... ... ...£2 5 

3 brasse crockes, 3 brasse paniis, & 

3 brass kettles ... ... ...£3 19." 


16S3. The last Will of John Tucker of Brampford Speke. 
To the poor of the parish and to the " reparashion " of the 
parish church, 34. He leaves certain bedding, with liberty 
to reside in his house, to beloved wife Thoinazine. Small 
legacies to daughter Mary Sowdon, and to her children 
Henry and Mary Soudon. Residue to daughters Alice and 
Elizabeth Tucker, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 28th Nov., 1683. 

16S4. Richard Tucker of Halberton, bequeatlis his "body 
to the earth from which it was extracted." He devises 
leasehold property at "Five Bridges" to son Nicholas, and ;^5 
to son Thomas. Mentions "sister, Blackmore," and sister, 
" Prudence Snow." Residue to wife Rebecca, who is Sole 

Brother Nicholas Tuclcer a trustee. 

Dated 12th Sept., 16S4. 

Proved 17th March, 16S4-S5. 

1684 The last Will of Samuel Osmond of Broadclist, 
Yeoman, dated ist Ma\', 1684. 20/- to poor for bread, and 
2c/- to poor labourers. To wife Thomasine certain furniture ; 
to brother John Osrnond, to sister Mary Palmer, and to 
cousin Jane Osmond, ^5 each. To sister Wilmot Walker, 
and to Samuel Walker, her son, 50,'-. Residue to mother, 
Catherine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 10th May, 1684. 

1684. The last Will of Abraham Mills of Halberton, 
otherwise Osmond, 23rd March, 16S3. To the poor "twenty 
dusson of bread." Mentions brother-in-law, George Northcote, 
"To the parson that preaches my funeral sermon 20,'-." 
Small bequests to Hannah Hoolcins, Margt. Hill, Thomas 
Rogers and Thomas Halkwill. To sister Elizabeth, a pair of 
gloves. Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses — John and George Northcote. 

Proved 17th April, 16S4. 


1685. Adinon. to the effects of Richard Moitimore, late 
of Harpford, deceased, granted 9th March, 1685, to his reh'ct 
Margaret Dagworthy alias " Mortyiiier," now wife of Richard 

Note. — The Inventory shows that deceased died 4th Sept., 1658 
(twenty-seven years i)reviously), and left personal estate valued at 
^109 los. 6d. 

1685. Bernard Tucker of Southleigh, Husbandman, 
Ma)', 16S5. Mentions children John, Thomas, and Grace. 
Residue to wife Mar\-, who is Sole Executiix. 

Proved 23rd Sept., 1685. 

1686. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Southleigh, 
"old & stricken in years," 21st July, 1682. Leaves certain 
furniture to wife Judith. Legacies to son Chailes and his 
children Charles and Jane ; to son Thomas and his child 
John Tucker ; to daughter Elizb., wife of W'm. French, and 
to her son, Thomas French ; to grandson James, son of 
James Tucker, deccasetl. Residue to son and daughter, 
Richard and Barbara, who are joint Exors. 

Witness — Bernard Tuclcer. 
Proved 20th April, 1686. 

1686. Humphry Tucker of Pinhoe, nigh Exeter, desires 
to be buried in the parish yard. To son Humphry (married 
to " Elizabeth "), leasehold tenement at " Soutliley alias Soivlee," 
" known .by the name of Holster." Residue to daugl-.ter 
Emline, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved i6th April, 1686. 

1686-87. Will, nuncupative, dated 26th Nov., 1686, of 
Elizabeth Tucker of Brampford Speke, Spinster, ^,'5 to poo--, 
and a like sum to sister Mary Sowdon's four children. To 
sister Alice Tucker, a field called Cross Park. Residue to 
mother, Thomazine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved by Executrix, 4th Feby., 16S6-87. 


1687. Admon. to the effects of Joanna Tucker of Thorne- 
conibe, daugliterof John Tucker, deceased. Granted nth April, 
1687, to Joan Tucker, her mother. 

Sum, £':,2 iSs. s^d. 

1687. Gilbert Tucker of Honiton, 9th Nov., 1686, leaves 
grandcliildren Gregory, John, and MHzabeth Oke, i/- each 
at 21. Residue to daughter Elizabeth, wife of John Oke, who 
is Sole E.xecLitri.K. To be buried in Honiton Churchyard. 

Sum, ;^i 19s. 3d. 

Proved 2nd Feby., 1687. 

16S7. The last Will of George Mottimore of the City and 
Count}' of the City of E.xeter, i6th Feb}'., 1687. He recites 
a marriage settlement by whicli a moiety of " Gibbs,'' situate 
at Witnell in County of Somerset, has been granted to 
daughter Elizb. Bowden, and he bequeaths the other moiety 
to daughter Deborah Mortimore, together with the sum of 
£\<^0, a silver tankard, and silver porringer. Bequests to 
Jonathan, Elizabeth, and Deborah ]5owdtn, children of said 
daughter Elizb., and to brother Anton}- Mortimore and his 
"children." To Elizabeth Blackaller, lo'-. 

Residue to said daughters, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 15th March, 1687. 

1687. Tiie last Will of Synion Mortimer of Dunsford, to 
nephew S}'mon, son of Abraham ShiLston of said parish, and 
to Elizabeth, daughter of brother Thomas, i/- each. 

Residue to daughters Ellinor and Dorotlu', who are joint 

Remainder to children of brother-in-law, Nicholas Pa}'ne, 
and of Mar}', wife of brother-in-law, Wm. Shilston, "my 

Witnesses— John Peddericke, Wilmett Hammett, and John 

Proved nth Nov., 1687. 

Armorial Seal — 3 PZstoiles. 


1687. Will, nuncupative, of Thomas Osmond, late of Tiver- 
ton, " who died on St. Stephen's day, last past." 

To eldest son, Thomas, " best coat & best hatt, best 
stockings & shoes & i/-." To second son, George, "close 
bodyed coat & i/-." To son Peter, "best bieeches & i/-." 
Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 12th April, 1687. 

1688. Administration to the effects of Peter Tucker of 
Cadbury, granted i8th May, 1688, to William his son. 

1688. The last Will of Welthvan Osmond of Hearn, in 
the parish of Halberton, Widow. To son George and his 
three children, Tiiomas, Elizabeth, and Joan, ;^S each. To 
son Philip, ;^5 ; to daughter Welthyan, £60. To the poor, 
20/-. Residue to son James Osmond, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 3rd May, 1688. 

1688. Tiie last Will of Nicholas Tucker of St. Tiiomas the 
Apostle, nigh Exeter, Schoolmaster. To sister, Mary Bicknell, 
5s. To son Thomas, the lease of the schools, and to Mary, 
Joan, and Agnes Tucker, children of said Thomas, £2 los. 
e.ich. Legacies to daughter Mary Rugg, and her children 
Mary and Thomas. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executrix. Dated 
17th April, 1688. I-atter to have disposal of goods if she 
remains unmarried, but he wislies his children to have the 
" benefit of that which he hatii carefully gotten." 

Proved 3rd Sept., 16S8. 

1689. The last Will of James Tucker of Tiverton, dated 
17th March, 1688-89. His body to be "decently buried, 
according to the computation of the Church of England." 
His "wearing cloths" to his brother Roger Tucker. 

Residue to wife Ann, and daughter Sarah, who are joint 

Proved i6th April, 1689. 


1689. Admon. to the effects of Lewis Tucker of Exeter, 
granted 9th Sept., 16S9, to Dorothy, his widow. 

1689. Dorothy Osmond of Uplowman, Widow, 30th Oct., 
16S9. Legacies to son-in-law James Osmond, and to Agnes 
his wife, and to Edward and Piiscilla, their children. 

To Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Osmond, "one suit of 
apparel which I did usually weare Saboth dayes." 

To Mary, wife of Robert Heard, " my best cloth pettycote." 
To Mrs. Ann Calwoodleigh, 20/-. 

Residue to " my friend," Mrs. Thomasine Calwoodleigh, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 8th Nov., 1689. 

Note. — " Mrs. Ann Calwoodleigh," baptized at Uplowman, 1662, 
was daughter of James, and sifter of John Calwoodleigh, buried at 
Uplowman, May, 1663. 

The descent of these, doubtful as regards legitimacy, is recorded in 
the Herald's Visitations of Devonshire, and is traced to John C. of 
" Calwoodleigh," pronounced and now written Calverleigh, who married 
a daughter of John Floyer, early in the 15th century. The younger 
branch removed from Padstow to London. 

Arms of Calwoodleigh of Calverleigh — " Az. two wings, conjoined, 
Arg. surmounted by a fess, Gu. thereon 3 bezants." 

1690. The last Will of Thomas Tooker of Dunsford, 
5th Oct., 1687. 

Bequests to sons Robert and Nicholas, daughter Elizabeth, 
and grandchildren Robert and Alargaret Tucker. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Proved 7th ]\Iarch, 1690. 

1690. Nicholas Tucker of Halberton, 26th Dec, 1689. 
Bequests to children .Andrew, Nicholas, and Anne. Half of 
goods to wife Rebecca. Eldest daughter, Rebecca, " to be 
sole e.xecutri.x of everything, in doors and out." 

Residue undisposed of 

Proved 6th Ma)', 1690. 


1690. The last Will of Sarah Osman of Exeter, " single 
woman." Bequests of i/- to brother-in-law Abraham Seely, 
and to his children Abraham, Peter, Elizb., and Joan Seely. 
£a, to brother John Osman's children. To sister Hannah 
Seely, "all my cloathes." 

Residue to said brother, John Osman, who is Sole Exor. 
Dated 28th June, 1689. 

Witness— Elizb. FoUett. 

Proved 27th Sept., 1690. 

1690. Admon. to the effects of William Fry of Silverton, 
granted 15th Aug., 1690, to Dorothy his relict. 

1691. The last Will of Johan Tucker of Poltimore, Widow, 
20th Dec, 1690. She divides her property amongst her 
children Amos and Philip Wilcocks, and grandchildren Mary 
and Johan, Roger and Isaac Wilcocks. Bequests to son-in- 
law John Tucker, and to kinswoman Ann Harris. 

Residue to Philip, son of Philip, and Elizabeth, daughter 
of Amos Wilcocks, who are joint Exors. 

Admon. to Amos and Philip Wilcocks, sons of Testatrix, 
in minority of Exors. 

Granted 29th May, 1691, 

1691. Administration to the effects of Richard Tucker of 
St. Thomas, granted 25th Aug., 1691, to Jane his wife. 

1691. The last Will of Jone Osmond of Tiverton, Widow, 
1 6th Jany., 1690. Mentions sons Peter, Thomas, and George 
Osmond, grandchildren Robert and William Osmond. 

Residue to daughter Alice Daley, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 22nd Dec, 1691. 

1692. William Tucker, the elder, of Axminster, Yeoman, 
Dec 20tli, 1690. To wife Armonell, land in Stockland and 


To daughters Joane Callard, Bridget Liddon, and Elinor 
Newberry, i^20 each. To "all his grandchildren," £ao each; 
William and Richard Newberry only excepted. The latter 
to have reversion of a cottage and meadow in Dalwood, for 
residue of a term of 2,000 years. 

Cousin Elizb. Haj-don, £■) ; wife's sister's daughter, Joane 
Davy, £2 2s. 

He settles all the land in Stockland and Dahvood upon his 
son William Tucker and his issue male, with remainder to 
the children of Matthew Callard and Joane his wife, of Robert 
Liddon and Bridget his wife, and Richard Newberry and 
Elinor his wife. 

20/- to the poor of the aforesaid three parishes respectively. 

To brother and sister's children, 2/6 each. 

Residue to son William, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 19th April, 1692. 

1692. John Tucker of Southleigh, Husbandman, 24th Sept., 

Bequests to wife Mary, to " cosen " Charles Tucker, to 
" cosen " Thomas ; brother Thomas' son ; to cousins John, 
Thomas, and Grace, children of brother Bernard T., John, 
son of cousin Thomas Tucker. To Richard, son of said 
brother Thomas, a tenement called "Mount Drake" in Mus- 
bury. Residue to cousin, Margt. Phillips, who is Sole 

Proved 23rd Jan\'., 1692. 

1692. The last Will of Joseph Ery of Axminster, April, 
1G92. Mentions late wife Eleanor Howse, and her children 
P^leanor and Rebecca. 

Residue to second wife, Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 19th April, 1692. 

1693. Admon. to the effects of James Osmond of Halbcrton, 
granted 23rd Sept., 1693, to George Osmond, his brother. 


1693. The last Will of John Tucker of Broadclist, loth Aug., 

Bequests to daughter Mary West, and to her children, sons 
and daughters of Matthew West, Mary, John, Elizb., Richard, 
and Robert West. 

Residue to son John Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 4th May, 1693. 

1694. Administration to the effects of William Osmond, 
late of Silverton, deceased, granted iith June, 1694, to Mar)- 
Nicks, alias Osmond, his relict. 

1694. The last Will of George Osmond of Tiverton. Be- 
quests to sisters Mary Glass and AUis Hill, to "cosens"John 
and Thomas Hill. To Peter Osmond and his sons Robert 
and William. To Thomas Osmond, Autrey (Ottery), and to 
his son Thomas. To George Osmond, Allis Daley, Mary 
Sellack, and to Thomas Daley's son, John. 

Residue to wife Katherine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 6th Dec, 1694. 

1694. The last Will of Mary Fry, Widow, of Axminster. 
She leaves a bequest to " the most ancient poor of the said 

Residue to "brother-in-law" John Brewer, " who married 
my own sister." He is Sole Exor. 

Proved 8th Aug., 1694. 

1694. Marie Berry of Tiverton. Administration granted 
1st June, 1694, to her husband John Berry. 

1695. Admon. to the effects of Richard Tucker of St. 
Thomas, granted llth ]\Iarch, 1695, to Jane Tucker, his 


1695. Tlie last Will of Jane Tucker of St. Thomas, 
Widow, 6th July, 1695. To eldest son, Zacharias Tucker, 
^15. Bequests to son James and daughter Jane. Residue 
to son Richard Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

1695. Admon. of above, granted nth March, 1695, to 
Jane Tucker, daughter-in-law of testatrix ; Exor. named 
therein, brother of Administratrix, havintj deceased. 

1696. Admon. to the effects of Richard Mortimore late 
of Ailsbeare ; granted 29tli Dec, 1696, to Mary his wife. 

1696. The last Will of Tristram Tucker of Brampford 
Speke, 17th April, 1696. Mentions his daughter Hannah, 
her husband John Gale, and their children, John, Samuel, 
Hannah, and Mary Gale, and leaves the latter a silver spoon 
each at 21. 

Son-in-law John Hooper, i/-, and sons John and Tucker 
Hooper, and daughter Grace Hooper. 

Son-in-law John Dennis and his children James, Elizabeth, 
and Mary Dennis, " i silver spoon apiece." 

To ten poor husbandmen, 14J. each, " to be paid on the 
23rd June next after my decease." 

Residue to daughter Sara Dennis, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 5th March, 1696-97. 

Note. — This Will is omitted from the calendars. Testator left nine 
silver spoons, valued at ^^2 5s. Total sum of personality, ^44 12s. 4d. 

1696. The last Will of William Tucker of Tiverton, dated 
nth March, 1695. Mentions wife Thomazine, son Richard, 
and his children Richard and Theophilus. Son-in-law Thomas 
Burton, and his daughter Sidwell Burton, the latter to have 
" my warming pan." 

Son John and his children William, John, W'ilmot, Mary, 
and Richard, 20/- each. 

Residue to said son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 14th May, 1696. 


1697. The last Will of Grace Tucker of Southleigh, Spinster, 
29th May, 1696. She divides her household goods between 
her brothers Thomas and John, and leaves them two small 
debts due to her from " cousin Thomas Tucker," and " Gideon 
Phillips, his wife." 

"Also I give to Joice Dawley my best white whittle, my 
best say apron, my searge coate, and one of my best chaires. 

" Also to Charity Wislade, my best hatt, and best stiffen 

" To sister, Rachel Tucker, my largest red whittle, and to 
Elizabeth Phillips, who formerly lived with me, ni)' best Bible, 
& cotton whittle ; also to Mary Clarke, my old clothen coat 
and waistcoat, and my second best hatt." 

Residue of her various garments to sister Jane Tucker. 

General residue to brother John Tucker, aforesaid, who is 
Sole Exor. 

Proved 27th April, 1697. 

1697. Ralph Tucker (no parish mentioned, but refer to 
Will of John Tucker of Broadclist, proved May, 1693). 
Mentions Elizb. Newberry, Joan Lane, grandchildren William 
and Mary West, and wife Joan. 

Residue to .son Ralph, who is Sole E.xor. Dated 5th June, 

Proved 25th June, 1697. 

1698. Administration to the effects of John Tucker of 
Newton St. Cyres, granted 8th March, 1698, to Joan, now 
wife of William Collins, but formerly of deceased. 

Note. — Refer to Will of John Tucker of Newton St. Cyres, proved 
Sept. nth, 1683, by E.xor. Nicholas Tucker in trust for wife and 
children. The above was, of course, a second Admon. 

1698. Admon. to the effects of Sarah Tucker of " Loopitt," 
granted nth June, 1698, to Betty and Susanna Lowman, her 


1698. Admon. to the effects of Symon Mortimore of 
Dunsford, granted 31-d Aug., 1698, to Thoniasiiie his wife. 

1699. The last Will of Nicholas Tucker of South Tawton, 
9th Sept., 1697. 

After the expiration of a life interest by Cressett his wife, 
and Joan his daughter, he settled the fee simple of a house 
and garden in Tawton town, upon his son Simon Tucker, with 
remainder to the " right heir of him, the said Simon, in the 
name of the Tuckers for evermore." 

To sons Christopher and Joseph, £'-, each. To " grandson," 
£^ at 21. To grandchildren Susannah and Joane Tucker, 
5,'- each ; to Mary Weekes, 5/-. 

Residue to said children, Simon and Joan Tucker, who are 
joint Exors. 

Proved 31st March, 1699. 

1700. The last Will of Nicholas Tucker of Halberton ; 
dated 21st June, 1600. To grandchild Mary, daughter of 
Margaret Tucker by Thomas Ehvorthy, and to other grand- 
daughters by said Thomas, 40/- each. To grandchildren 
James Vynecombe, 20/-, and Izaac Salter, 40/-. 

To the son and daughter of son William Tucker, 40/-. 

Residue to said son William, and daughter Margaret Vyne- 
combe, who are joint Exors. 

Two Trustees, viz., Wm. Ehvorthy and his son Thomas 

Proved 1st Jul)', 1700. 

1702. Admon. to the effects of Edmond Tucker of Nethercx ; 
granted 26th Feby., 1702, to Elizabeth Tucker, his relict. 

1702. Administration to the effects of Nathaniel Mortimore, 
late of Bridford, granted 3rd Feby., 1702, to Susanna Morti- 
more, widow. Wm. Mortimore, of Bridford, joins the bond. 


1702. Admon. to the effects of Jolm Mortimore of Bridford, 
granted 3rd Feby., 1702, to Susannah Mortimore his mother. 
Wm. Mortimore joins the bond. 

1702. The last Will of Thomas Osmond of Uplowman, 
1 8th Feby., 1701. He leaves property in Uplowman and in 
Clisthidon, subject to certain charges in favour of daughter 
Isot, to wife Mary Osmond. 

He divides other property between sons Thomas, Richard, 
John, Francis, and Robert. Residue to wife Mary, who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Proved 27th Oct., 1702. 

1704. The last Will of John Mortimore of Dunsford, 20th 
April, 1702. His leasehold estate in said parish to wife Johan 
for life. Legacies to grandchildren, sons and daughters of 
Robert Harris of Crediton, and Mary his wife, John, Robert, 
Henry, William, Joseph, and Mary Hanis. 

Residue to said daughter, Mary Harris, who is Sole Exe- 

Proved 24th Ma}% 1704. 

1704. Bridget Tucker of Tedbourn St. Mary, Widow, 27th 
July, 1703. Small bequests to children Joan, Robert, Peter, 
and Mark Tucker and Mary Rowe. Residue to son Thomas 
and daughter Joan, who are joint Exors. 

Proved i6th June, 1704, by said Thomas Tucker, his sister 
Joan having renounced. 

1704. Admon. to the effects of Peter Osmond of Tiverton, 
to Ann his wife, granted loth Jaiiy., 1704. 

1705. The last Will of Christopher Osmond of Exeter, 
15th Jany., 1702. Bequests to brother James, and to sisters 
Gertrude, wife of Walter Purchase, and Elizabeth, wife of 
Robert Arnold. 

Residue to wife Eleanor, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 28th Aug., 1705. 


1705. Admon. to the effects of Matthew Mortimore of 
Christow, granted 15th March, 1705, to Edward Mortimore 
his brother. 

Note. — Deceased died intestate, and his wife Elizabeth renounced 
her right to administer. 

1705. Admon. John Osmond, H.M. Ship Antelope, and late 
of St. Sidwell's, Exeter. Granted to John Osmond, his father, 
I2th Oct., 1705. 

1706. Administration to the effects of Jane Ti'cker, alias 
Risdon. Granted ist July, 1706, to James Tucker of the City 
of Exeter. 

" Memorandum. 

"This administration was granted to the husband, only for 
the recovery of a legacy of ;^iOO, given to his wife by the 
will of Jane Risdon, deceased, and contained in the bundle 
of 1672." 

1706. Admon. to the eftects of William Tucker of Exeter, 
granted 7th Ma)-, 1706, to Mary Davys, otherwise Tucker, 
wife of Miles Davys of Colyton, and daughter of deceased. 

1706. Admon. of Nicholas Tucker of Axminster, 
to nephew Samuel Tucker, i6th Jany., 1706. 

1706. The last Will of Francis Mortimore of Down St. 
Mary, dated 2ist July, 1705. 

He leaves his " easter house" to son John, and his "wester 
house " to his children Roger, Francis, and Elizabeth, after 
his wife's death. 

To children Simon and Hannah, 20/- each. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. She is 
to remain a widow or forfeit. 

Proved i6th Oct., 17C6. 


1707. Nicholas Were of Ilalberton, in the county of Devon, 
desires his "body to be buried in Christian like manner," 
25th June, 1706. Mentions son Nicholas and daughters Eliza- 
beth and Susannah. Residue to wife Susannah, who is Sole 

Two Trustees, one of them " my beloved friend Robert 
Manley," Vicar of the Parish. 

Proved 30th April, 1707. 

1707. "Caveat" against admon. to the Will of Nicholas 
Were, by John Frankpitt of Uplowman, 14th March, 1707. 
Subsequently withdrawn. 

1707. Inventory of Nicholas Were, otherwise known as 
Tucker, 1st Feby., 1706 7. 
Total £-;9 2s. 6d. 

1707-8. Admon. William Tucker of St. Thomas, nigh 
Exon., granted to Mary his widow, 26th P'eby., 1707. 

1707-8. Admon. to the effects of Dorothy Osmond of 
Silverton, granted 13th Feby., 1707, to Margaret her sister. 

1708. The last Will of George Osmond of Ilalberton, 
30th May, 1707. 

To son Thomas, certain property in said parish. To 
daughter Elizabeth Stone, i^So. 

To daughter Joan Osmond, ^120. 

To daughter Susannah Osmond, i^ioo. 

To grand-daughter Susannali Stone "a piece of plate of 
50S. value, with my name ingraven in letters at large in ye 
said plate." 

To daughter Joan aforesaid, "a great chest marked with 
the letters ' J.O.' in the foreside." 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. Philip 
Osmond (brother) a trustee. 


By codicil, he gives to poor of the parish, 30/-, and to 
Mr. Robert Manley, minister, a new pulpit cloth. 
Thomas Ehvorthy a witness. 

1708-9. Administration to the effects of John Mortimore 
of Broadclist. Granted 9th Febj'., 1 708-9, to Agnes his widow. 
William and Abraham Taylor join the bond. 

1709. Admon. to the effects of John Osmond of Broad- 
hambury, deceased, granted 24th March, 1709, to Mary his 

1709. Admon. Peter Tucker of E.xeter, granted 13th Oct., 
1709, to Elizabeth, his relict. 

1709. The last Will of Jane Tucker of Exeter, dated 28th 
Oct., first year of Queen Anne (1702). Legacies to daughters 
Dorothy, Margaret, Sarah, and Jane Tucker, the latter are 
residuary legatees and joint E.xors. 

She leaves her good friend, Mr. George Stoning, £\l, for 
mourning for himself and wife, and to each of them, 20'-, to 
buy mourning rings. 

To "friend" Mrs. Samuel Izacke,* 40,'-, to buy mourning 

Mr. George Stoning and Edward CoUings trustees in minority 
of daughter-;. 

Proved 28th Oct., 1709. 

1709-10. Administration to the eff^^cts of William Tucker 
of Colompton, granted 3rd M^rch, 1709-10, to Emeline 
Andrewes, otherwise Tucker, wife of Jacob Andrewes, and 
mother of deceased. 

* "Samuel Izacke," her husbaml, was the son of Richard Izacke, and published a 
new edition of his father's plagiarism of John Iloker's "MS. History of Exeter," 
in 1724. He was appointed Chainberlain of Exeter in 1693 and had been previously 
gratuitously admitted to the freedom of the city. For levying "black mail" upon 
the common councillors, he was ignominiously disfranchished, 6lh October, 17 iS. 


1709. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Stokeiiitinliead, 
dated iSth Jany., 1707. Legacies to brothers John and Richard, 
sister " Francis," and brother-in-law William — , father-in-law 
Simon Drew, and Francis his wife. 

Residue to wife Ann, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved loth Jany., 1709. 

171 1. Admon. to the effects of William Tucker of Downe 
St. Mary, granted iSth March, 171 1, to Joan Tucker, widow. 
John Tucker of same parish, joins the bond. 

171 1. Inventory of the effects of William Tucker of Downe 
St. Mary, made March Gth, 171 1. 

"Imprimis, all his wearing apparel and money in his purse, 


" Item one estate, in reversion, called East Bradford, £\ 10. 

" Remainder of our other estate, called Sherlands, ^,'30. 

" Item speciality debts, ^^208. 

" Six oxen and steer.'?, £^0. 

" 5 milk cows, ^20. 

"2 steer yearlings & 3 heififers, ^5 2s. 6d. 

" I horse, 3 mares, & their suckling, ^^"23. 

" 3 calves, £1. 

" 20 ewes with their lambs, & 25 hogge sheep, £20. 

" All the silver plate, £\o" 

1712. Admon. to the effects of Elizabeth Tucker of Broad- 
clist, granted 6th Feby., 17 12, to Edward her son. 

17 12. The last Will of Elizabeth Osmond of Halberton, 
Widow, dated 26th Jany., 171 1. 

To daughter Jane Osmond, interest in certain leasehold 
property, a broad piece of gold, a worsted paine, and a ffusting 
paine (counterpane). To daughter Elizabeth Stone, a broad 
piece of gold. To daughter Susannah Eastcot, to son Thomas, 
a broade piece of gold each, the latter to buy his daughter 


Grace a silver cup. To cousin Welth)-n Osmond, m}- second 
suit of apparel. Legacies to grand-daughters Susannah Stone 
and Elizabeth Eastcot. 

Three Trustees, viz., Mr. Robert Manley, minister, cosen 
Edward Cross, and brother-in-law Philip Osmond. 

Residue to said three daugiiters, who are joint Exors. 

Proved nth March, 1712. 

17 12. The last Will of Sampson Mortimore of Drews- 
teignton, dated 15th March, 1711-12. i^io for his funeral. 
Certain "peculiar goods" to wife Elizabeth. 

Legacies to son John, daughters Elizabeth and Ann ; Mar)-, 
now wife of Mark Cumbe, and to their daughter Sarah ; to 
daughters Sarah and Susannah, and Joan, wife of William 
Seaward ; to grandchildren William Mortimore, and to John, 
Sampson, James, Edward, and Thomasine, children of said 
son John. 

Residue to son Sampson, who is Sole Executor. 

Witnesses, Thomas Amerie, John S}'mes, and Job Glenvile. 

Proved 2nd May, 17 12. 

Circular Seal — A stag courant. 

17 1 3. The last Will of Nicholas Tucker of the parish of 
Cleyhidon, dated 2nd May, 17 10. 

He leaves his house at Hole to wife Marj-, and to his 
daughter Joan iJioo. To poor of the parish, 20s. 

Residue to " son & heir," John Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 8th May, 17 13. 

1713. Inventory of effects of Nicholas Tucker of Cley- 
hidon, made 2nd May, 17 13. 
Imprimis, wearing apparel 
Item Money in purse and plate 
Item Books 
" Table linen 

" In the entry chamber, 3 musquetts & other 
things ... ... ... ... . . 







In tlic kitcl-.en chatnber, a weather glass, 2 
brass pistols, four swords, a carbine, and 
a clock ... ... ... ... ... £\i 

His farm stock, worth about ^500 

Sum £6%Z lo?. 

17 1 3. Admon. to the effects of Isaac Tucker of Downe St. 
Mary, granted 29th April, 17 15, to John Tucker of the said 
parish, in the minority of William Tucker the son. 

1713. Admon. to the effects of John Mortimore of Spreyton, 
granted Sth June, 171 3, in the minority of daughters Catherine, 
Alice, and Elizabeth, to their uncle, John Hopper. 

1716. The last Will of Josias Tucker of Newton St. Cyres, 
dated 20th Jany., 1 704-5. Mentions sister Joan Bovvden ; 
kinswoman Susannah Tucker, who is left a house and garden 
during the life of Mark Oxenham ; brother Christopher Tucker. 

Residue to brother Simon Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Note. — Exor. and his brother Christopher both declined to ad- 
minister, and the will was proved 27th Sept., 17 16, by Thomas Clarke, 
of Exeter, a principal creditor. 

1716. The last Will of James Mortimer of Uplowman, 
dated 25th Jany., 171 1 -12. Legacies to son James and his 
children, Mary, Susannah, and James ; to daughter Susannah 
and her husband, John Kyte, and their children, Susannah, 
Mary, Elizabeth, and Agnes ; to grandson Richard Mortimer ; 
to Susanna, Mary, and James, children of son John ; to grand- 
sons John and Hugh, and granddaughter Jane Mortimer. 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Trustees, John Chave of Uplowman, and Richard Locke of 
Sampford Peverel. 

Proved i6th April, 1716. 

17 16. Admon. to the estate of Maria Mortimore of Drews- 
teignton, granted 20th Jul\-, 1716, to John Dicker, her brother. 


1663. Edward Younge, D.D., Dean of Exeter, bequeathed 
a principal sum of ^250. The interest to be applied to the 
Alms House of St. Katherine,* to the Choristers of the Cathe- 
dral, and to the Prisoners in the Castle. The income to be 
distributed by the Dean of Exeter annually on the 29th May, 
" the day of the blessed restauration of his sacred majesty." 

Will dated 6th June, 1663. 

Proved 14th Aug. same \-ear. 

17 1 8. The last Will of Jane Tucker of Exeter, 30th April, 
171 7. To Sister Sarah all lands and estates in the city of 
Exeter and elsewhere. To brother James and sister Margaret 
a "gold ring of a guinea each." A gold ring to Richard 
Sandford of Exeter. To servant, Thomazine Stevens, ^10. 
Residue to said sister Sarah, who is Sole Executrix. 

Richard and Joseph Sandford, Hugh Mills, and John Hussey 
to be bearers at funeral, and to each £\ is. to buy mourning 
rings, and to each a " mourning hatt band and gloves." 

Admon. to Sarah Tucker, 21st Oct., 17 18. 

Note. — Refer to will of Dorothy Tucker, proved 1693, p. 34, ante. 

1719. Administration to the effects of Jacob Tucker, late 
of E.xeter, granted 31st Dec, 17 19, to Alice his relict. 

1719. John Mortimer of Exeter, Goldsmith, to "my two 
daughters is. apeece." 

Residue to wife Sarah, who is Sole E.xecutrix. Dated 
Aug. — , 1 70S. 

Proved 23rd July, 1719. 

* These ancient almshouses — founded by John Stevens, Canon of Exeter (will 
dated February 3rd, 1457, proved February 27th, 1460) — were, vviih their chapel, 
advertised for sale by the trustees in 1893. They were purchased by the " Honble. 
Lady Hotham " (Jane Sarah, third daughter of second Lord Bridpurt, and widow 
of Sir Charles Hotham, R.N., grandson of second Lord Hotham), in December 
that year, with a view to their restoration and rc-application to church purposes. 


1720. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Tedburn St. 
Mary, dated 4th Sept., 17 18. Legacies to brothers Mark, 
Robert, and Peter Tucker ; to kinsman George, son of Peter 
Tucker ; and to kinswoman Ann, daughter of Peter Tucker the 

Residue to wife Honor, who is Sole Executii.K. Reversion 
of a moiety of leasehold tenement "Collyhey" in Tedburne 
to George Tucker, son of brother Peter. 

Proved 8th April, 1720. 

1720. The last Will of Mark Tucker of Christow, dated 
i6th May, 1720. Legacies to brothers Robert and Ptter, to 
nephews Mark and Robert, sons of Robert Tucker. " To Mr. 
Samuel Starkey, one hogshead of cyder or 20s. in lieu thereof" 
Legacies to Mary, daughter of Peter Tucker " of this parisli," 
and to nieces Mary Browne and Sarah Laskey, daughters of 
Robert Tucker. 

Residue to "kinsman" Peter Tucker "of this parish," who 
is Sole E.\or. 

Proved loth Feb, 1720. 

Note. — Testator had a moiety of the leasehold estate known as 
"Collyhey." See preceding will. 

1720. Admon. to the effects of William Osmond of Buries 
combe, granted 6th May, 1720, to Robert his father. 

1720. Admon. to effects of Edmund Osmond of Bradninch, 
granted 3rd Jan., 1720, to Anne his relict. 

1721. Admon. to the effects of Michael Tucker of Bradninch, 
renounced by Martha his widow, and granted 12th May, 1721, 
to Nicholas Murch of the same parish, principal creditor. 


1 72 1. The last Will of John Tucker of roltiaiore, dated 
17th Oct., 1719. Legacies at 2 1 to Sarah, daughter of Roger 
and Ann Wilcocks. Residue to wife Sarah, who is Sole 

Admon. granted to said widow loth Oct., 1721. 

1722. The last Will of Welthian Osmond of Halberton, 
single woman. To brother Philip Osmond and his heirs, two 
cottages in said parish known as " Lock houses." 

Residue to said Philip, who is Sole Exor. Dated 14th Jan., 

Proved 19th April, 1722. 

Seal of Arms — A fess dancettee, ermine, in chief an eagle 

Note. — Refer to page 41, unte, and to other wills of Osmond of 

1722. The last Will of Mary Tucker of St. Leonards (nigh 
Exeter), Widow. 

To son Francis and to grandsons Francis and John Tucker, 
one guinea each. 

To son Arthur and granddaughter Elizabeth Tucker, £b 6s. 
To sisters-in-law Jane Browning and Sarah Clarke, a mourning 
ring each. 

To brother John Browning, brother-in-law Philip Clarke, 
and Samuel Pine of Exeter, " Gentleman," certain lands in 
St. Leonards, Hartland, and Buckland, and in the parish of 
Holy Trinity, Exeter, in trust for daughter Mary Tucker. 

Mentions deceased husband John Tucker. Residue to said 
Mary Tucker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved loth Aug., 1722. 

1724. Admon. to effects of Caleb Tucker of Kilmington, 
granted 6th March, 1724, to son William Tucker of Seaton. 


1724. The last will of Peter Tucker of Upton Pyne, dated 
loth Dec., 172 1. 

He leaves his wife " the feather bedd performed " (that is, 
perfect), and to Sarah, daughter of Nicholas Cunniby, of Upton 
Pyne, ;^5 at 21. 

To two Trustees — John Quick of Brampford Spelce and John 
Butcher, alias Radcliffe, of Thorverton — certain two messuages, 
in trust for the benefit of wife, Mary, with remainder to the 
children of John Hooper of Upton Pyne, Francis Gerrard of 
Exeter, Joseph Hall late of Kxeter, tailor, and John Lugg of 
Torrington, as well as to Sarah, wife of Henry Street of 
Topsham, and to Richard Moore of Upton Pyne. 

Residue to said Trustees on same trusts. Admon. to Mary 
Tucker the widow, Trustees having renounced. 

April 28th, 1724. 

1724. Admon. " de bonis non " of John Mortimore, late of 
Spreyton. Granted 21st Dec, 1724, to Alice Mortimore, of 
goods unadministered by John Hopper ; her sisters, Katherine, 
wife of John Tregoe of Thorverton, and Elizabeth, wife of 
Samuel Maine of Colebrook, having renounced. 

1725. Eleanor Tucker of Luppitt, Widow, 12th Oct., 1725. 

Bequests to Edward, son of Oliver Lee of Exeter, to Hannah 
Whitlocke, to cousin William Chase of Red Lane. " Parson 
Lockyer " to preach funeral sermon. 

Residue to son-in-law, Thomas Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 4th Dec, 1725. 

1725. Admon. to the estate of Philip Osmond, late of 
Tiverton, granted 21st May, 1725, to Thomas Osmond of 
Ottcrford, during tlie minority of George Osmond, son of the 


1726. The last will of Robert Osmond of Burlescombe. igtli 
May, 1725. Legacies to sons Robert and John, and to 
daughters Agnes, Penelope, Margaret, and Grace. 

Residue to " my wife," who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved lOth June, 1726. 

1727. The last Will of Richard Mortimore of Broadclist, 
I2th Aug., 1726. Furniture and a legacy of i^io for four years 
to wife Elizabeth. To brother John Mortimore is. To William 
Evans " my best liatt." Residue to daughter Mary, who is Sole 
Executrix, with remainder of a tenement at " Burriton " to 
said wife. 

Circular Seal. — A stag courant. 

Note. — These arms are attached to will of Sampson Mortimore, 
ante, 2nd May, 1712. 

Admon. granted 22nd Feb., 1726-27, to Andrew Taylor, 
principal creditor, the daughter having renounced. 

1727. Mark Mortimor of Pcnvdetham, Yeoman, 27th Oct., 

In minoritj' of grandson, Mark, son of William Mortimor, a 
tenement in Pouderham to daughter Elizabeth, after decease of 
wife Mar\'. 

To son William aforesaid, is. 

Legacies to daughters, Mary, wife of Samuel W'are, " Easter," 
wife of John Row (Hesther.'). To son-in-law, William Davey, 
" my sarge coat and vest, and blew brichers." To son.-iii-law 
" Wm. Row," best great coat. 

Residue to said William Row, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved lOth Nov., 1727. 

1727. Grace Tucker of Ciillompton, 7th June, 1720. 
Bequests to Dorothy, wife of Robert Foss of said parish ; to 
Edward, son of Francis Pratt of Kentisbeare ; and to latter's 


other children Dorothy, Joan, Agnes, and Elizabeth Pratt. 
Residue to Dorothy, wife of said Francis Pratt, who is Sole 

Proved 28th Dec, 1727. 

1728. Admon. to the effects of Henry Osmond of Exeter, 
L;ranted 26th April, 1728, to Elizabeth his wife. 
/:223 IS. 7d. 

1728. Admon. to the effects of Richard Tucker of Upottery, 
t^ranted 15th May, 1728, to Anne Tucker the widow. 
Inventory of said Richard Tucker, nth April, 1728. 

£ s. d. 

" Item four silver spoons ... 103 

" Books .. ... ... ... ... ... 0010 

" One hackney saddle, stirrups, and gambadoes" o lO 6 
" One fowling piece ... ... ... ... 050 

" A clocke and case. 

" A leasehold estate called Harrietwood ... 140 O o" 

Sum total, ;£'324 6s. lojd. 

17^9. Admon. to the effects of Edward Tucker of Tiverton, 
granted 22nd May, 1729, to Mary Tucker, the widow. 
.Sum ^80 15s. lod. 

1729. The last Will of James Osmond of Sampford 
I'evcrell, 27th June, 1729. 

To each of his daughters, Mary and Joan Osmond, ;^450. 

Residue to trustees, Robert Blake of Halse, Co. Somerset, 
Kdeth Blake of Sampford Peverell, Gentleman, and Nicholas 
Harris, Vicar of Culmstock, for benefit of son Thomas Osmond. 

Witnesses, Francis Taylor, Thomas Jutsum, and Humphry 
Marsh Jutsum. 

Proved 20th Feb., 1729. 

Seal of Arms — A chevron between 3 coots. 

Note. — Argent, a chevron, sable, between 3 coots proper. 
Attributed to " Cowlin." " John Cowlin " is mentioned in several 
wills of this neighbourhood and period. 
%tt post April, 1733, and Sept., 1736. 

DEl'OXSrifKE WILLS. 229 

1729. Mary Tucker of Brampford Speke, 9th Nov., 1728. 

Bequests to brotliers Francis and Arthur and to Elizabeth 
Lethbridge ; to Francis Tucker, jun., the great Bible ; to John 
Tucker, a silver spoon ; to Honour Tucker, gold locket and ear- 
rings ; to Mrs. Samuel Rols, one piece of gold ; and to Mrs. 
Jane Rols, six best table napkins. To Wm. Baruick and 
Grace his wife, a gold ring each ; and also to Grace, wife o( 
Laurence Harward. los. to poor of the parish, and a like sum 
to the poor of Padstow and of Piltoii. 

Residue to aunt Sarah, wife of Philip Clarke, who is Sole 

Proved 25th July, 1729. 

Note. — Refer to will of Mary Tucker of St. Leonards, Aug.. 172J, 

The bequests to " Mrs. Samuel and Mrs. Jane Rols " are interesting. 
The latter must have been very aged in 1728; she was the wife of 
Dennis Rolle, brother of Robert RoUe of Heanton Sachville, an 
ancestor of Lord Clinton. She was the mother of Dennis Rolle, who 
married Arabella Tucker at Hartland, 14th February, 1697, and also of 
the said Simuel Rolle of Hudscote, who was buried, at Chittlehampton, 
3td March, 1734-5- 

1729. The last Will of John Mortimore of Uplowman, 
iSth April, 1728. 

Legacies to sons James and John, to daughter Mary Fini- 
more and her husband Humphry, each is. To Sir Hugh 
Mortimore remainder of cottage called Crossland ; another 
tenement called " Cleaks " to daughter Joan. 

Residue to said wife, who is Sole E.xecutri.K. 

Proved 22nd May, 1729. 

Note. — Refer to will of James Mortimore of Uplowman, April, 
1 7 1 6, ante. 

1729. The last will of John Tucker of " Church-Tawton, 

He divides the lands of which he stands " seized " between 
Joan, his wife, for life, with remainder to George and William, 
sons of late Henry Pocock, and Elizabeth, sister of said George ; 
cousin Clement Waldron, my godson, to Wm. Harford atid 


William Blackmorc, also god-children ; cousins John and 
Mary Pring, James, son of James Gill and Joan his wife, of 
Culmstock, Elizabeth Holway and her heirs, Susannah and 
Mary Holway, and James Holway. 

Testator leaves ;{^400 to pay his debts, charged on a tene- 
ment which reverts to the aforesaid Gills'. To poor of 
Cheyhidon and Church-Tawton, 20s. 

Residue to Joan his wife, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 9th Dec, 1729. 

Note. — The parish in which deceased resided was Church-Stanton, 
Co. Devon, seven miles from Taunton. 

The beneficiare under the above will, " Cousin Clement Waldron," 
must not be confused with the Walronds of Dulford and Bradfield, 
although both families are nearly equal in point of antiquity, and may 
possibly have a common ancestor in the head of the old baronial house 
of Waleran. 

"Clement Widdron's " collateral ancestor, John Waldron, was a 
merchant at Tiverton of the si.xleenth century, and founded the alms- 
house there still called by his name. He died i8th July, 1579. 
This John Waldron died issueless, but was succeeded by a nephew of 
the same name, son of his brother Robert. 

Mary Waldron, in 1749, gave land to the poor of the parishes of 
Hemlock, Church-Stanton, and Cleyhidon. Will dated nth Oct., 
that year. Proved by John Southwood, residuary legatee and sole 
exor. An Irish branch ot the Waldrons have long held county 
rank in Leitrim and Tipperary, etc. They are descended from Sir 
Richard Waldron, who migrated from the West of England in 1609. 

1729. The last Will of Mary Tucker of " Clehidon," 20th 
Dec, 1729. 

Bequests to brother Robert Pring, to cousin Elizabeth 
Holway, and to Joane, widow of son John Tucker. 

Proved 3rd May, 1732. 

Note. — Refer to 9th Dec, 1729 (John Tucker of Church-Tawton), 

1730. Samuel Osmond of St. Sid wells, Exeter, Tallow 
Chandler, 5th Aug., 1729. 

Property in said parish to brother Joseph. 

To mother, Elizabeth Osmond, i^200. 

To sisters, Grace Cock and Elizabeth Osmond, /^200 each. 


To the four Piesb_\-tcrian ministers, Messrs. Ent\-, Green, 
Withers, and Lavington, ^1 is. each. 

Residue to brother Joseph Osmond, who is Sole Exor. 
Witnesses, Stephen Holditch. 

John Conant. 
Proved 2nd May, 1730. 

Note. — Refer to page 44, ante, for the will of the father of above 

1 73 1. Tlie last Will of Thomas Osmond of Halberton, 
27th Sept., 1727. 

Legacies to daughter Mar)- and to her husband John Piillen. 
To daughters Agnes, Elizabeth, Grace, and Sarah Osmond. 

Leasehold property in said parish and in Sampford Peverell 
to sons Thomas and Phillip Osmond. 

Residue to brothers John and Francis Osmond in trust for 
wife Elizabeth. 

Witnesses, Wm. Lock-, Philip Hinimore, Humphry Marsh 

Admon. 4th P^eb., 1731, to Elizabeth the relict, vice the 
trustees, who have renounced. 

1730. The last Will of Elizabeth Tucker of the city of 
Exeter, 14th March, 1725. 

Bequests to Elizabetli, Anne, and Susannah Dally ; to 
Mistress Leap, widow, their sister, and to Nicholas, Anne, and 
John, children of Zephaniah Geare of Exeter, notary public. 

Residue to George Broughton Hull who is Sole Executor. 

Proved 29th Aug., 1730. 

Note. — The Geares, still well known in Exeter in association with 
the law, are the descendants of the " Geeres " of Heavitree and Kenn, 
who registered a pedigree of four descents at the visitation of 1564, and 
again entered their descent in 1620. Nicholas, Anne, and John are 
all family names. 

Arms — Gules on 2 bars or, six mascles az., 3 and 3, on a canton of the 
second, a leopard's face of the third. 


Adiiion. " de bonis non " of Peter Tucker of Exeter, and 
admon. of estate of Elizabeth Tucker, widow of said Peter, 
granted 29th Aug., 1730, to George Broughton Hull. 

Note. — The Hulls were an old Exeter family of some distinction, 
who resided at Larkbeare, subsequently the property of the Barings, 
and where the latter effected their rise and progress. John Hull was 
Recorder of Exeter, 1379. George Hull ultimately sold Larkbeare to 
Sir Nicholas Smith at the commencement of the seventeenth century. 
His ancestors had then owned Larkbeare for more than two centuries, 
and many of them were mayors of Exeter. 

Arms of " Henry Hull of Larkbeare." — Sa. a chevron between 3 
talbots' heads arg. — MS. D. and C. Exon., No. 3532. 

1730-32. Admon. to the effects of Nicholas Tucker of 
Halberton, granted 13th Feb., 1730, to Rebecca his widow. 

1732 3. Admon. to effects of Nicholas Tucker of Halberton, 
granted 2nd Jan., 1732-3, to Samuel Tucker his son. 

1733. The last Will of James Osmond of Bycott, Hal- 
berton, nth Sept., 1732. He leaves Bycott and his other 
property, subject to his wife's jointure, to mortgage or sell for 
a term not exceeding iive hundred years, to date from his wife's 
death, for the benefit of his sister Susannah Osmond for life, 
with remainder to his nephew Thomas Ma)^ his heirs, and 
assigns. Mentions nephew and niece, John and Mary May, 
and gives thein " hat bands and gloves " ; cousins, daughters 
of John Sanford, and brother-in-law William Sellicke, " Phineas 
May," " Mr. Thomas Osmond of Hearn," and John Cowlen. 
" To my said wife, an hood, ring, and gloves." 

Residue to said sister Susannah Osmond, who is Sole 

Seal, A lion rampant. 

Witnesses, Nathaniel Marshal, Thomas Osmond, Benjamin 
Chapman. Proved 28th April, 1733. 

Note. — Refer to p. 41, ante. The "Lion Rampant," being the 
arms of Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and the name of one of the 
witnesses, who very possibly drew the will, being Marshal, is fair evidence 


that arbitary assumption of armorial bearings, as in this and other 
instances, is by no means pecuHar to the present century, although the 
contrary is often contended. 

This will was subject to a Chancery suit from 19th April, 1737. 
Thomas May, plaintiff; James and Mary Sandford, John Dally, and 
Grace his wife, defendants. 

1734. The last Will of Elizabeth Osmond of Halberton, 
Widow, 3rd April, 1732. 

She refers to the Executors of her late husband, " Thomas 
Osmond," having renounced. She states that she has pur- 
chased a meadow, which she leaves to her son Thomas 
Osmond, partly with money left him by Mistress Agnes 
Chave, and wills him the said meadow. To son Philip ;^iO 
owing her by Nicholas Osmond, her tenant. 

To son James " the gift of my mother-in-law, Mary Osmond 
of Uplowman." 

"Her Christening Paine" to daughter Grace, or los. in lieu 

Mentions daughters Agnes, Elizabeth, and Sarah Osmontl, 
and Mary Pullen. 

Residue to brother-in-law John Osmond and son-in-law John 
Pullen, in trust for sons Philip and James aforesaid. 

Proved 25th April, 1734. 

Note. — Refer to 1731, ante, will of Thomas Osmond, 

1734. Mary Mortimer of Exeter, Spinster. She leaves to 
Nicholas Green and Samuel Weymouth of Exeter, tobacconist, 
;^I0 in trust, the interest for tiie use of the minister of the 
Baptist meeting. 21st March, 1733. 

To brother-iu-law John Mortimer of Froom, Somerset, ^5- 
and to his brother Joseph £^. Household effects to Sarah, 
wife of Thomas Wiggington of Exeter, mercer. China, &c., 
to " Miss Mary Hodges," daughter of " the Lady Hodges." 
To ]\Iary and Elizabeth Wiggington, a ring each. Teaspoons 
to Mary Munn. £2 2s. to - Revd. Mr. Stennett." ^lo to be 
spent on funeral. 

234 nin'ONSHIKE \\'ILI,S. 

Residue to nephew and nieces Francis, Susannah, and Jane 
Taylor, who are joint Exors. 

Witness, John Conant. 

Mrs. Wiggington being dead, Testatrix leaves by Codicil 
certain effects to Grace Craddick. 

Proved 29th Dec, 1734. 

Note. — Samuel Waymouth's daughter Hannah married Elias, second 
son of Thomas Newcoman, of Dartmouth, the inventor of the 
siationary steam engine. See my " Devonshire Parishes," Vol. I., 
P- 374- 

1735. John Mortiniore of Cadbury, 15th June, 1734. 

He leaves 5s. each to his wife Susanna and his daughter 

Residue to his mother Joan Mortiniore, who is Sole 

Proved 27th June, 1735. 

1736. Admon. to the effects of Richard Mortiniore of 
Broadclist, granted to Ambrose Bussell, husband of the lale 
Mary Bussell, daughter of deceased. 

Proved 25th June, 1736. 

1736. Tiie last Will of Susannah Osmond of Halberton 
(refer to 28th April, 1733), dated March 27th, 1733. She 
states that her mother Susannah Osmond (lefer to page 41, 
ante) charged Bycott with ;^200 for her benefit, which has 
never been paid, and directs her Exors. to sue for the same. 

Legacies to brother-in-law Phineas May ; to nephews Thomas 
and John May ; to kinswoman Joan, wife of nephew John 
May ; to cousin Sandford's two daughters Mary and Grace. 
To John Cowlen and Susannah his wife, "a ring and a silk 
hood." Ann Wills a hood, and Elizabeth Turpin los. 

Residue to kinswoman Mary May, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Wm. Were and Mary Ballamy. 

Proved 3rd Sept., 1736. 

NorE. — Armorial Seal, apparently a cross between four coots (?), 
another device of Cowlin. See, avte, Feb., 1729, note. 


1737- John Moitimore of Drewsteignton, 30tli April, 1734. 

Bequests to sons William, John, Sampson, James, and 
Edward, and to daughter Thomasiiic, in addition to the 30s. 
each given them by " their grandfather." 

To grandson John, son of said John Mortimer, 5s. 

Residue to wife Thomazine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved nth May, 1737. 

By James the son, his brothers and sister having renounced, 
and their mother having died without proving. 

Personality over .^200. 

Note. — Refer to will of Sampson Mortimore, 2nd May, 17 12, ante. 

1738. The last Will of Thomas Tucker of Uplyme. To 
wife, leasehold property there and at Wootton Fitz-pain, Dorset. 
Residue to said wife Ann, who is Sole Executri.x. 
Proved 22nd May, 1738. 

1738. Administration to the effects of Thomas Tucker of 
Kcnn, granted 2 1st March, 1738, to Gold worthy Tucker, his 

1738. George Mortimer of Dunsford, 14th April, 1733. 
Legacies to John and Richard Mortimer, son.s, and to George 
and Elizabeth Mortimer, grandchildren. 

Residue to wife Anna, who is Sole Executrix, but not 
marry again. 

Witnesses, Joseph and Daniel Tucker. 

Proved 23rd Oct., 1738. 

1740. Joseph Osmond of St. Sidwell's, Exeter, Tallow 
Chandler. To sister Elizabeth, wife of John Whitehead, Gentle- 
man, of St. Sidwell's, ^'20 per annum, with reversion of the 
property on which the legacy is charged to sister Grace Cock. 
To cousin Mistress Elizabeth Chears, ^50. He leaves i!"ioo 
for dissenting ministers or their widows. Legacies to father- 
in-law, " Mr. Townsend," and to " each of his children." To 


Rev. James Green and Rev. Joseph Hallett, i^20 for poor 
housekeepers of St. Sidwells. Residue to Rev. Nathaniel Cock 
and Grace his wife, who are joint Exors. 

Witnesses, Caleb Youatt, John Conant. 

Proved 12th Aug., 1740. 

1741. Martha Tucker of Exeter, Widow, 20th May, 1741. 
To son Nathaniel Tucker of London, Gentleman, one gold 
ring. To sons Joseph and John Tucker of Exeter, Glaziers 
(a gold ring to Joseph). To grand-daughter Elizabeth Tucker, 
" my striped loodstring gowne." Son John has a leasehold 
house in Matthew's Alley, South Street. 

Residue to said John, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 15th June, 1741. 

1741. John Tucker of Axminster, loth Aug., 1741. To 
wife Elizabeth, his leasehold estates and household goods, 
charged with an annuity of 30s. to sister Mary Tucker. 

Residue to said wife, who is Sole Executiix. 

Proved 31st Aug., 1741. 

1741. Admon. to the effects of Thomas Osmond of Ottery 
St. Mary, granted iStli Sept., 1 741, to Hannah, wife of Stephen 
Gill, his great grand-daughter. 

1743, The last will of Mary Osmond of Tiverton, Widow, 
lOth Feb., 1742. 

To be buried in " Moores Isle," in CuUompton Church, by the 
side of her mother. 

To kinsman William Bailey the younger, of Tiverton, silver 
tankard, salver, and punch ladle, the tea cannister, si.x tea 
spoons and tongs, and a gold watch. To his wife Mary " a 
diamond ring with a green stone in it," best white satin gown 
flowered with gold, and " my linnen gown that I bought in 
London." To kinswoman Susannah Sellick, " if she be living in 
the same station at Kensington as I lately saw her," a diamond 


ring and silver podinger. To kinsman William Sellick, £'j 14s. 
per annum. To kinsman Peter Slape, £<)0. To kinswoman 
Ann, wife of Francis Matthews, iJioo. To Miss Mary Coles, 
£i,o, and to her father Thomas Coles and to Susannah 
Haviland, a mourning ring each. To Mrs. Mary Osmond of 
Halberton, two pairs of gold buttons, and to Eleanor Floyer, 
a mourning ring. The arms of her first husband, " Mr. Moore," 
to be put on her liearse. 

Residue to said \Vm. Bailey, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 17th Dec, 1743. 

Trustees, Saml. Rogers, Rector of Withycombe, Somerset, 
and Vicar of Halberton ; Thomas Balliman, and Thomas Coles. 

Note. — Testatrix, whose marriage license with " Mr. Moore " is not 
to be found, and whose maiden name is left blank in the pedigree of 
Moore of Moorhays, was probably a daughter of William Sellick, who 
purchased the right of presentation to Cullompton Church, and pre- 
sented thereto, in 1719. 

She was the widow of George Moore of Moorhays, who died 
5th Nov., 171 1, and by iiim had an only daughter Mary, the wife of 
John Blackmore of Sheldon, and the ancestor of the present owner of 

1606. The last Will of Catherine Lady "More" of Cul- 
lompton, dated 26th April, 1606. Desires to be buried in the 
parish church, and leaves for the reparation thereof los., and 
to the poor 6s. 3d. To Robert Denys, los. 

Residue to my servants " Mr. Tryslade and Mrs. Shepherd," 
who are Sole Exors. 

Proved June, i6o6. 

Note. — The personal effects of Testatrix were valued at ^21 6s. id., 
inclusive of two horses and a mare, wliich were valued at ;^8. She 
was the widow of Sir John Moore of Moorhays, and the daughter of 
Sir Thomas Pomeroy of Berry, by Jane, daughter of Sir Piers Edg- 

1745. William Tucker of Kenn, 14th May, 1739. 

Bequests to poor of Kenn ; to Thomas Dewdney of Kenn, 
and to (his brother) John Dewdney of Stoke Canon ; to Eliza- 
beth, wife of William Harris of Kenn ; to Grace, wife of 
Matthias Dyer of Exminstcr ; and to Mar)', wife of John 
Dingle of Exminstcr. He leaves his messuages, &c., situate 


at Heavitiee, in County of Devon, to Rev. Thomas Ley, Clerk 
of Kenn, and to John Dingle, and their heirs, in trust for 
son John Tucker and his issue, male or female, without impeach- 
ment of waste, with reversion, failing such, to John Dewdney 
of Stoke Canon, for life, and then to latter's sons John and 
Thomas Dewdney, and, failing them, to their sisters Elizabeth 
and Mary Dewdney, and their right heirs for ever. 

Residue to son John Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 6th Feb., 1745, by nephew, John Dewdney.* 

1746. The last Will of Peter Tucker of Kenn, Yeoman, 
5th Dec, 1741. 

He divides property in the parish, videlicet, " Smithny," part 
of " Whitcombes," " Clapton," part of " Shindlestone," and 
" Clarke's Meadow," between his sons Peter and Thomas. 

To daughters Joan, Elizabeth, and Izost (Tucker), ;^ioo 

Residue to wife Joan and son Thomas Tucker, who are joint 

Mentions a daughter " Mary Harris." 

Proved 13th June, 1746. 

29th April, 1746. Laurence Tucker of His Majesty's Ship 
" Ruby," makes his wife Margaret, of the parish of St. Shad- 
well's (Sidwell's), Exeter, universal legatee and Sole Executor. 

Proved 2nd Sept., 1746. 

1748. John Tucker of Exeter, 31st Oct., 1742, leaves Ann 
his wife two houses in Matthew's Alley, South Street. 
Residue to said wife, who is Sole Exor. 
Proved 15th Feb., 1748. 

* The Dewdneys were an old gentle family, long settled in the neighbouiing 
parish of Doddiscombleigh. Arms, ra., a bend, erm., cotlsed, or. 


1749. nth Dec, 1749, William Tucker of Kenii, malces 
Elizabetli his daughter, wife of John Hutchings of Brenton, 
Yeoman, universal legatee and Sole Executrix. 

Proved 15th Jan., 1749. 

1749. Mary Tucker of Exeter, Widow, 19th Aug., 1749. 

To son Jonathan Tucker, £'^10, and certain plate, including 
a great silver Tankard. To said son's " wife," ;^iO and plate. 
To grandson Jonathan Tucker, gold ring and plate. 

" Apparel, both linen and woollen, to wife of son-in-law- 
John Tucker and to their daughter Elizb. Soper," save " best 
gown, quilted coat and cloak," which are bequeathed to grand- 
daughter Sarah, son Jonathan's eldest daughter. To grandson, 
Richard Evans, silver tankard. Other bequests of plate and 
money to son-in-law " Mr. Evans," and to Jonathan, son of 
John Tucker. 

Residue to said son Jonathan, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved Jan., 1749. 

1754. Joan Tucker of " Church Tawton," in the County of 
Devon, Widow, 14th Oct., 1753. 

To cousin Thomas Southwood of Pitminster, Somerset, 
Gentleman, £\o. 

To cousin Grace, widow of John Sparrow, and to cousin 
Jane Barton, £\o each. 

Bequests to Samuel, Thomas, and Joan, children of said 
Thomas Southwood ; to cousin Mary (relict of Clement 
Waldron, Gentleman), of Wellington, Somerset, to two servants, 
and to the poor of " Church Tawton and Cleyhidon." 

Residue to said Thomas Southwood, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 9th Jan., 1754. 

Note. — Refer to 1729, Dec. 9th, will of John Tucker of " Church- 

1754. Samuel Tucker of CuUompton, Yeoman, 24th May, 
1754, leaves all his wearing apparel to his brother George 


Tucker. Certain property in Halberton to grand-daughters 
Joan and Mary, daughters of Edward Kerby. 

To wife Sarah Tucker, certain messuages called " Tucker's," 
situate at Ash Thomas, in Halberton, for life, with remainder 
to Humphry Blackmore, gentleman, and Neheniiah Upcott, 
serge maker, in trust for grandsons Edward Kirby and Samuel 
Kirby (in default), in tail male and female. 

Mentions daughter Mary, wife of Edward Kerby. Residue 
to wife Sarah and grand-daughter Agnes Kerby, who aie Joint 
Exors. ; wife to give a bond of £lCO to return her share if 
she marries again, and is directed to leave testator's property, 
in any case, to such of his children as " shall behave well and 
kind to her." 

Proved 19th July, 1754. 

1757. Edward Tucker of Broadclist, ist Jan., 1755. He 
leaves daughter Joan " five shillings only and no more," and 
gives the residue, " in token of many favours received," and 
" signal benefits," to William Martyn of Broadclist, in trust ; to 
pay ^5 per annum to son Edward Tucker "in weekly pay- 
ments on Saturdays." 

Proved 2nd November, 1757. 

1758. Samuel Tucker, late of Cullompton, deceased. 
Admon. granted to Agnes Ward, formerly Kerby, now wife 
of Robert Ward, grand-daughter of deceased, 7th April, 

Note. — Second admon. Refer to will of Saml. Tucker, 19th July, 
1754, aw/^. 

1758. Isett Osmond of Uplowman, Spinster, 17th Jan., 
1755. She desires to be buried near her father in Uplowman 
Church, and to have a headstone, and anotlier of the same 
kind for her father. 

Legacies to brothers Thomas, Francis, and Robert O.smond ; 

nEVo.ysHih'E 241 

to "cousin" John Stone, son of sister Mary; and sister 

Resiiliie to sister Sidweli Osmond, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 15th Sept., 175S. 

NoiE. — Testatrix was daughter of Thomas Osmond of Uplo«man 
(will Oct , 1702, ante), and sister of P'rancis Osmond, " son-in-law of 
last Testator." See preceding will. 

Armorial Seal — A demi-lion rampant, holding a horseshoe. 

1758, The last Will of John Osmond of Sampforde Pevciel. 
To son-in-law Francis Osmrmd certain leasehold propert}', 
charged with annuities to dauL^hters J\lar_\- and Isett. 

There is remainder for Mar}'s children, Thomas, Joan, and 
Richard (Osmond). 

To John, " son rif Francis Osmond," one heifer. 

Isett's annuity to be held b\- her brother-in-law Francis 
Osmond for her maintenance. 

Proved 17th June, 1758. 

1762. John Tucker of Tivetton, 13th Feb, 1762. Legacies 
to daughter ?.Iary, wife of Robert Ferries of Silverton ; to her 
brother John Ferries; and to dauL;hter Grace, wife of Henry 
Hill of Tiverton. 

Residue to wife Grace, who is Sole Executrix. 

Seal " J. T," with an estoile over the letters. 

Proved 12th May, 1762. 

1764. The last Will of John Mortimer, the elder, of 
St. Nicholas, Yeoman, loth Sept., 1763. To son Joseph and 
heirs of his body, certain land in Kingsteignton called Fostwell 
and Heathfield, with remainder to other sons John and William. 
To said son John, two leasehold estates at Preston, in King- 
steignton. To daughter Hannah Drew, ^i is. Tn Elizabeth, 
daughter of s,ud son Joseph, dwelling-house on the Strand at 
Ringmoie. To Elizabeth, daughter of said son William, ^^5 
at 21. To sister Joan Codncr, £'3 3s. A debt of £40 owing 
by son Joseph is partly bequeathed to grandsons Joseph and 

242 DEl'OysilIRK WILIS. 

John, sons of said Joseph, and partly to John, Ann, Maiy, ami 
William Mortimer, ciiildren of said son John. Residue to 
said son William Mortimer, who i,s Sole Ex'or. 

Witnesses, Wm. and Mary Wa\-e and Richard Langdon. 

Proved August 22nd, 1764. 

Note. — Testator was son of John Mortimer of Uplowmnn, and is 
mentioned with sister Joan. See the will aiile a.d. 1729 

1766. Admon. to the effects of Susannah Mortimer of 
Uunsford, granted to John Mortimer her husband, July 15th, 

1767. William Mortimer of Drewsteignton, 18th Sept., 1763. 
To daughter Mary Frost, widow, sinall annuit}' and legacy ; 
the same to daughters Joanna "IIoudg"and Thomazine, wife 
of John Biiard ; and to grandson Joseph Buard. Residue, with 
leasehold interest iti Knowle estate, to son William Mortimer, 
who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 30th March, 1767. 

Note. — Teitator was son of John Mortimer, 1737 ante, and brother 
of Sampson Mortimer, />w/ 1776. 

1767. The last Will of Grace Tucker of Tiverton, Widow. 
i(th April, 1764. 

Mentions daughter Mary, wife of Robert Ferries of Silverton ; 
grandsons John and George Ferries ; grandchildren John and 
Maiy, son and daughter of Grace, wife of Henry Hill, of 
'1 ivertoti.. 

Residue to said daughter Grace Hill, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 31st March, 1767. 

1767. Administration to the effects of Jonathan Tucker the 
younger, of Exeter, intestate, granted nth Nov., 1767, to 
Mary his widow. 


1774. Nicholas Tucker of Tiverton. To brothers Roger 
and Edward, £\o each. To niece Mary Ferris, daughter of 
late brother John Tucker, £\o ; to children of brother Roger, 
John, and Elizabeth, ^30 and £60. 

To children of brother Edward, viz.. Elizabeth Williams 
and Ann Tucker, £\o and £^. 

To niece Grace Hill, daughter of said brother John, 20s. per 
annum, to issue out of two niessuages in Bainpton Street, 
Tiverton. AIoiet\- of tenement called " The Eight Bells," 
near St. Peter's Church, and the three-eighths part of certain 
messuages (leasehold 1,000 years) to said nephew John 

Residue to Nicholas Tucker, son of said brother Roger, 
who is Sole Exor. 

Crest Seal — A mermaid. 

Proved 4th Jan., 1774. 

1774. Richard Mortimer of Dunsford, 20th Nov., 1768. 
He gives his son George the Dunsft>rd Mills and the marshes 
adjoining, " being part of Court,' charged with 20s. per annum 
to " my three daughters." 

To Ann, wife of said George, £\ is. 

To daughters Elizabeth and Ann Mortimer, ^70 each, and 
to daughter ;\Iary, wife of John Connett, £'20, and one guinea 
to her husband. 

Wife Ann to have life interest bi.ith in the mill and mes- 
suages. She is residuar}' legatee and Sole I'.xecutrix. 

Proved 29th Jul_\-, 1774. 

1775. James Tucker of St. David's and city 'A Exeter, 
Innholder, 13th April, 1771. 

Mourning rings to David Cox of Ilminster and his wife ; 
to brother Wm. Tucker of Bath and his wife ; to wife's 
mother "Mrs. Bastard;" to Anthon)' Symons of Broadclist ; 
and to Isaac Sercombe of Exeter, wine cooper. 

To wife £"100 and a cop\'hold estate at Stoke Canon, in the 


occupation of " Mr. Dewdne_\'." Property to be realised by 
three trustees, to invest same for son James Tucker. 

Kesidue to said son at 21, 

Proved by trustees, Cox, Symons, and Sercombe, aforesaid, 
8th May, 1775. 

Note. — Deceased was the owner and occupant <A the " Oxford Inn " 
in St. David's parish. 

1776. Sampson Mortimer of Drewsteignton, 22nd Jan., 
1774. To daugliter Elizabetii an annuity of 38s. a year out 
of Knowle, in said parish. He mentions a legacy of £2 given 
her by her grandfather. 

Similar legacy to daughter Thomazine, who is also to have 
a " family spoon " lettered S M. Residue to son James, who 
is Sole Exor. 

Proved 5th Jan., 1776. 

NorE.— The legacy 10 "Elizabeth Mortimer" is not referred to in 
ihe will of her grandfather. See ante, May, 1737, John Mortimer of 

1776. Sarah Tucker of I,,)'mpstone, Widow, 3rd Sept., 1771. 

She leaves her freehold lands in said parish to niece Edith 
Oats, and legacies to Thomas, Hugh, and Philip Oats, sons 
of said Edith. 

Proved 24th June, 1776. 

Seal, Arms, and Crest — The arms are too indistinct for 
blazon, but the crest is a demi sea-horse. 

Note. — One of the best known coats of "Tucker" contains three 
sea-horses, but the crest is a lion's gamb. 

1777. Elizabeth Tucker of Exeter, Widow, 17th Jan., 1777. 
Legacies to son Joseph and to daughters Elizabeth and Mary. 
Residue to son William Eryer Tucker, who is Sole Exor. 
Proved 27th Feb., 1777. 
" William Sanford " a witness. 


1778. Admon. George Mortimer of Uunsford, intestate, 
granted 2nd Feb., 1778, to Ann the widow. 

177S. Ann Mortimer of Dunsford, 3rd Feb., 177S. To 
Elizb., wife of James Connett, ^^40, and one guinea, instead of 
a gold ring, si.\ silver teaspoons, and all the " chainea." To 
daughter Mar}-, wife of John Connett, ^^40. To daughter-in- 
law Ann Mortimer, .^l is. 

To George and Ann Connett she gives, inter aliis, " m)- best 
looking glass and my new prayer-book, with all the tea dishes, 
saucers, and basons belonging to makeing of tea, except the 
spoons." Her son George being dead, she gives the residue of 
the lease of Dunsford Mills to her daughter-in-law Ann Morti- 
mer, with reversion, for the 99 )-ears, terminable on the death 
of "brother John Mortimer" to George, John, Elizabeth, and 
Richard, children of deceased son George. 

Proved 3rd July, 1778. 

Note. — Refer lo July 29th, 1774, anic\ 

1779. Philemon Mortimoie of Silverton, 13th March, 1772. 
Legacies to brother Richard Mnrtimore and to sister Joan, wife 
of Thomas Heard. Legacies to children of said Richard, 
William, Thomas, John, Bett)', and Ann. Fee simple of houses 
in Silverton to Mary Purser as long as she remains a widow, 
with remainder to " nephew Richard Mortimore," charged with 
an annuity of 20s. to Jenii}-, daughter of deceased brother 
Henry Mortimore. 

Residue to said Marj- Purser, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 15th Oct., 1779. 

17S1. John Tuclcer of Tiverton, Maltster, 17th Nov., 1777. 
To John Govett, surgeon, and Beavis Wood, gentleman, both 
of Tiverton, certain property in trust for wife Jane for life, with 
reiuainder to son Thomas and Ann his wife, intail upon their 
son John Tucker. 

There are further remainders to daughter Jane Hodge and 


her son John Hodge ; to son William Tucker, his heirs and 
assigns for ever. 

Mentions son Richard, his wife Bettj', and their children 
George and John Tucker; granddaughter Sarah, daughter of 
said son William ; daughter Susannah Vickery. To said son 
Thomas " the mourning ring presented to me upon the death 
of tile late Lord Chief Justice Ryder.'' 

To said son Richard " my scarlet corporation gown and my 
mourning ring for late Mr. William Wood." 

Residue to said wife Jane, who is Sole E.\ecutri.\. 

Proved 2nd May, 1781. 

Note.— Sir Dudley Ryder, Kt., Lord Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, 1754, died before his elevation to the peerage (the patent for 
which was signed the day previously), 25th May, 1756; his son was 
created Lord Harrowby twenty years later. The first peer's grandson, 
Canon Ryder of Lichfield, married secondly, 1841, Eliza Julia, daughter 
of Lieut. -Col. John Tucker, and by her had is->ue. The first peer was 
M.P. for Tiverton. 

1782. Mary, wife of John Mortimer of Dunsford, Yeoman, 
8th May, 177S. 

She bequeaths lier separate estate of .^180; iJ'50 to nephew 
Edward Ramsey of Exeter, schoolmaster, son of brother 
Edward Ramsey, deceased. To nephew John Ramsey ^^50. 
To Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Mortimer and wife of James 
Connett, ^"30. 

Residue to husband John Mortimer, uho is Sole Executor, 

Proved 28th July, 1782. 

1787. John Mortimore of Halberton, 30th November, 1786. 
He leaves John Chave, Esq., of said parish, £^0 in trust for 
daughter Mary, wife of Robert Seaman of Willand. 

To daughter Jane, wife of John Tcmpleman, Langford Bud- 
vile, Somerset, ^20. To daughter Elizabeth, wife of William 
Webber of " Milocton," Somerset, i^20 (Milverton (.'), near 
Langford Budville). To daughters Sarah i,"20, and Susannah 
and Ann Mortimore £(}0 each. Daughter Dinah Mortimore 
^150, and daughter Joan Mortimore ^^50. 

DE I 'OXSHIKE nil. L S. 247 

To said Trustee the estate known as " Burruges," otherwise 
"Joans," in Bradninch, for use of son John Mortimore at 21. 
To grandsons John and Thomas Seaman ;^5 each at 21. 

Residue to wife Hannah, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 9th February, 1787. 

17S9. Francis Osmond of Lee, in Silverton, 19th September, 

To two trustees Thomas Osmond of Uplowman and Tliomas 
Rowe of Sanipford Peverel, an estate called Colebrook, in 
Cullompton, lately purchased of Richard Hall Clarke for 
benefit of daughter Joan Osmond for life, charged with an 
annuity of £^ to daughter Sarah, wife of John Gould. 
Remainder to granddaughter Mary Gould. Lands in Hal- 
berton to similar, uses. 

Residue to said trustees for benefit of said daughters. 

Witnesses — Thomas Floj'd, Henry Brutton. 

Proved iSth Februar\', 1789. 

1789. Richaid Mortimore, late of Silverton, intestate, to 
Susannah Mortimore, widow. 

John Reynolds of Pinhoe and William Mortimore join the 

9th April, 1789. 

1795. Francis Osmond of Halberton, 20th Februar)-, 1795. 
Legacies to son John and to daughter Jenn)', wife of Henry 
Brice. To granddaughter Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and 
Betty Norrish, and to grandchildren Samuel, Richard, Mary, 
and Jenny Norrish. 

To son Francis Osmond " Speedland " in Sampford Peverel, 
charged with paj-ment of a mortgage of ;£'iOO, and witli an 
annuity of 40s. to son Thomas. John Osmond of Hea\-itree is 
a trustee. 

Residue to son Robert, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved 13th April, 1795. 


1797. John Mortimer of Ringmore, in Stokeintinhcad. 
Having already provided for them, he now leaves son-in-law 
William Langley, daugliter Ann Langlc}', and eldest son John 
Moriimer, one guinea each. 

Mentions daughter Catherine and granddaughter Mary 

Residue to wife Ann, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved July, 1797. 

1798. Frances Tucker of Axmiiister, Spinster, iith N<jv., 

1797. ;^250 each to brother George Tucker ; sister Sarah, wife 
of Rev. John Davey Hodge of Leigh, co. Essex, clerk ; Betsy, 
Uriah, and Mary Ann Dare, children of deceased sister Eliza- 
beth, wife of Uriah Dare ; nieces Jane and Mary Ann Andrews, 
daughters of Thomas Andrews ; sisters Ann, Mary, and Amelia 
Tucker. Smaller legacies to Sarah, wife of Robert Ackland of 
Tiverton ; Mrs. Susannah Tucker the elder, widow, of Axminster ; 
Ann, wife of Thomas Byshop ; and Betty Spence of Colyton. 
To sister Mary aforesaid " gold ring set wiili pearls." To said 
sister Amelia "miniature picture and silver castors.' 

To godmothers Sarah Tucker and Ann, wife of John Liddon 
of Axminster, £2 1 2s. 6^\. each for rin^s. The same to Elizabeth, 
wife of John Joy of Glastonbur\-, Esquiie. To sister-in-law 
Elizabeth Tucker "gold ear-rings and drops " ; to Sarah, wife of 
Rev. Mr. Mules, of Ilminster, "red morocco pocket-book bound 
with silver." 

"To Phocion Daie of Lyme Regis, druggist, a mourning ring 
for his kind attention to me when I was confined at his house 
at Taunton." 

Residue to said brother George, who is Sole Executor. 

Proved 6th .August, 179S. 

1798. Gregory Osmond of Newton St. Cyres, 15th June, 

1798. Legacies to daughter Elizabeth, wife of William Ellis, 
and to daughter Ann, wife of James Mo.xey. To son Edward 
£"50 in trust for granddaughter Mary Ann Butter. 

Residue to said son Edward, who is Sole Exoi'. 
Proved Jnd Nov., 1798. 


1805. Adiiion. of Thomas Osmond of Uplowmaii, inlestate, 
granted Ma}- 37th, 1S05, to Thomas his son. 

1806. Mary Osmond of Silverton, Widow, 30th May, 1805. 
Legacies to nephews Cliarlcs, Robert, and John, sons of brother 
Robert Rowe. To nieces Mary Berne, Elizabeth Morgan, and 
Mary Mortimer, Marj' Symes, Emmeh'ne Flood, and Tliomasine 
Drake, ^^150 each. To nephew Joim I'aj-ne, nephews Richard, 
Charles, Robert, and James, sons of brother Richard Rowe and 
their sister Martha Hewitt. Mentions "John and Pliiiip Bas- 
taid" of Silverton, " the five childicn" of former, and John, son 
of Philip Bastard. ^^350 for benefit of Mary, daughter of niece 
Elizabeth Salter, and ^^'50 to Elizabeth, another daughter of 
said Elizabeth Salter. 

Residue for benefit of said niece Elizabeth Salter. 
Proved by Trustees as Executors, 24th Oct., 1806. 
Witnesses — E. Spry, John Pugh. 

1810. Jamts Osmond of Halberton, /tli March, 1804. He 
leaves his moiety of Neither Mill, in the parish of Halberton, 
to his son-in-law Henry Radford, with remainder to daughter 
Sarah Radford for life, to revert to her sou James Osmond 
Radford, in trust, male or female, for ever. 

To sister's son Ji>hn Qu.uit of Bradninch, all wearing 

Proved 26th April, 1810. 

1823. Francis Osmond of Halberton, 27th June, 1822. 

To son Francis ;^lOO cliarge>.i on "Speedland" in Sampford 
Peverel, after decease of brother Thomas Osmond. Legacy 
to son Richard. 

£2'-) each to daughters Sarah, wife of John Kcrslake, Eliza- 
beth, Joan, Mary Ann, and Charlotte Osmond. 

Speedwell estate to wife Sarah, who is residuarj- legatee 
and Sole E.vecutrix. 

Proved iCth January, 1823. 



1563. The last Will of David Melhuish of Knovvstone, 
dated I3tli August, 1563. Legacies to the " poor men's box" 
of his parish, and to that of Cruse Morchard Bequests to 
" Richard Melhuish and to John Comyn " Residue to wife 
Johane and to Philip Shapcote, who are joint Executors. 

Proved 13th Sept., 1563. 

1565. William Hamlyne of Frithclstock, 1 2th Dec, 1565. 
With other bequests, he leaves his son Hugh Hamlyne "a 
sylver spoone and a sheepe," and there is a similar bequest to 
son William. 

Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 12th Feby., 1565-66. 

1573. The last Will of John Tocker of West Buckland, 
25th Feb)'., 1573. 

Mentions son George and daughter Urithe ; gives former his 
sheep, in the parish of Countisbury. 

Legacies to Margaret Shaplonde and Davie Holsworthie. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth and son John, who are joint 

Witnesses — David Rente, parson of West Buckland ; John 
Waite and George Harris, parishioners ; and Oliver Tocker of 

Proved 27th March, 1573. 


1593. The last Will of Joane Sanger of Maryanslcigh, 
Widow, 1 2th March, 1592. Legacies for repair of the church 
and to the poor. 

To godson, son Roger Sanger, I2d. 

Legacies to goddaughter Amye Smale and son Thomas 
Sanger. Residue to John, " my youngest son of that name," 
He is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2ist June, 1593. 

1597. Elizabeth Hatch of Salterleigh, Spinster, 26th April, 
1597. Bequests to poor of Salterleigh ; to sister Gertrude's 
children Marmaduke and Hugh Walsh ; to nephews Robert 
and Lewis, brother Robert's children. 

Residue to Rev. Hugh Tooker, Clerk, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved July, 1597. 

Note. — See will of Robert Hatcli, October, 1644, post. 

1597. The last Will of Emmeline Hamlyn, Widow, of 
Tawstock, 5th March, 1589. Mentions sons Richard and 
William, and gives them certain household effects. 

Residue to son Christopher Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — Richard Stribling the elder and Richard Strib- 
ling of Exeter, minister. 

Proved 1st April, 1597. 

1606-7. The last Will of Christopher Wood of Ashridge, in 
the parish of North Tawton, Esquire, 25th Nov., 1606. 

To be buried in south aisle of parish church, and. leaves to 
its " reparacion " 40s. 

To the poor lOOs. To grandson Christopher, son of John 
Wood, £iifi. 

Mentions grandson John, another son of said John Wood. 

Residue to wife Katherine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 7th March, 1606-7. 

Note. — Testator's wife Katherine was the daughter of Sir John 
" Windham " of Orchard Windham, co. Somerset, and is mentioned in 


the will of her father, proved 28th April, 1575. Her brother John 
" Wyndham " was the grandfather of Sir Wni. Wyndham, created a 
baronet 13th Charles II., 1662. The fourth baronet, by a limitation, 
succeeded to the Egremont title, on the death of his uncle Algernon, 
Duke of Somerset. The earldom of Egremont became extinct April, 

1610. Laurence Densham of Lapford. Administration 
granted nth March, 1610, to Joane his widow. 

161 2. Atlinon. Hugh Hamlyn of 15ideford, granted 6th May, 
161 2, to Tliomasinc his wife. John Jarman of Bideford joins 
the bond. 

161 3. The last Will of Nicholas Mortymer of Winkleigh, 
2nd Dec, 161 1. 

To the poor of the parish 2s. ; to Charethie Mortj'mer " my 
beste bande and my best stockins ; to Elizabeth Hatheileigh 
my second beste dublett and jerkyn, my best wastcoatt, and 
one canvas shirt ; to Samuel Crocker my second best jerkyn ; 
to Barnard Reed my greene breeches ; to Johane Joanes my 
best shoes ; to Johane Bynford my blue stockins ; to Samuel 
Crocker my new canvas shirt; to John Hathtrleigh my best 

Residue to Master Andrew Beare, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved i ith Dec, 161 3. 

1614. Admun. William Densham of Lapford, granted 
28th April, 1614, to Joan his relict. 

1615. The last Will of William Mortimore, otherwise 
Tanner, of Fremington, A.D. 1614 (month omitted). Legacies 
to the poor and to sons William, Matthew, and James Tanner. 
To daughter Ellynor six silver spoons. 

Residue to wife Ellynor, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Two Trustees, viz., William Farechilde and Robert Hill. 

Witnesses— Robert Hill and Thomas Panier (? Palmer). 

Proved 12th Sept., 161 5. 


1618. Richard Densham of Lapford. Administration [^ranted 
29tli Oct., 1618, of goods unadministered by Johan his mother, 
to John Densham his son. 

1619. John Hamlyn of Tawstoclc, 31st May, 1619. To 
son Marmaduke " my best doublett and jerkyn." Legacies to 
brothers WiUiam, Christopher, and Richard, and to godson 
Richard Hamlyn. 

Residue to wife Sidwell for life, witli reversion to said 
Marmaduke Hamlyn. 

Proved 4th May, 16 19. 

1625. Walter Hammett of Northain. Admon. granted to 
Dorothy his widow, 6th Oct., 1625. 
Sum £\i IS. 4d. 

Note. — James Hammett, eldest son of Richard H. and FJizabeth 
Risdon, second son of Richard Hammett of Clovelly, and Thomasine 
Hamlyn, changed his name to Hainlyn, by Act of Parliament, in 1760. 
He was created a baronet in 1795. 

1628. Richard Hamlyn of Tawstock, loth Feby., 1624. 
Mentions sons Richard, John, William, and Giles, and 
inghter Mary. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole E.xecutrix. 
Codicil dated Sth Dec, 1628. 
Proved 26th Feby., 1628-29. 

1637. The last Will of Elinor Mortimore, otherwise Tanner, 
of Fremington, Widow. She desires to be buried in the 
parish churchyard, just by the chancel door, near to the 
"sepulchre" of husband William Mortimore, rt/Zcw Tanner, and 
leaves los. to the poor of the parish. Mentions sons Matthew 
and Henry Mortimore, alias Tanner, and daughter Elinor 


Friend ; also son Tyniotliy Hatherley and daughter Mylin 

Residue to said daughter Elinor Friend, who is Sole 

Witnesses — William Blanchard, minister ; John l^arwickc. 

Proved 30th Aug., 1637. 

Note.— Refer to her husband's will, 12th Sept., 1615, aule. 

1637. Administration to the effects of Lewis Match of 
Salterleigh, granted 14th April, 1637, to Robert his father. 
John Fisher of \'}-met St. George, Clerk, joins the bond 
(during minority of Lewis and Thomas, younger children of 

1643. Maiy Hamlyn of Tawstock, Widow, 1st April, 1643, 
Mentions sons Richard, John, and William, and daughter 
IMarj', granddaughter Doroth)', cliild of said Mary. 
Sister Dorothy Shorte, and godson " William Shortc," 
Residue to son Giles Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 
Proved 23rd Sept., 1643. 

1644. The last Will of Robert Hatch of Salterleigh, Gentle- 
man, 20th April, 1642. Bequests to the poor and parish 
church. To wife Margery certain furniture at " Hatchington, 
in the parish of Swimbridge." Mentions daughter-in-law Chris- 
tian Hatche, widow of son Lewis Hatche deceased, their children 
Robert (" my grandchild and heir apparent "), Lewis, and 
Thomas Hatche. He leaves said Lewis Hatche the tenement 
known as Uphome, in Cheriton, after the death of his said 
mother Christian. Mentions son-in-law John Mayne and 
nephews Marmaduke and Hugh Welsh. 

Residue to said grandchild Robert Hatch, who is Sole E.xor. 
Overseers, John Fisher, Clerk, Hugh Sparke, and John Paul, 

Proved 14th Oct., 1644. 

NoiE. — Tliere are many discrepancies and inaccuracies both in the 
pedigrees and historical notices of the family of Hatch. 

They derived their name from the manor of Hache, written Hax in 


Domesday, which belonged at the Conquest to Baldwin de Brion, and 
subsequently to Arundel. Upon this estate, in the parish of Loddis- 
well, " John of Hach," supposed to have been son and heir of " Adam 
of Hach," resided in 1345-6. Tlieir descendant Jeffry Hatch, described 
as of "Wolleigh," in the parish of Beaford, was really of South Molton, 
and gave name to an estate there, hence known as Hatch, which has 
assisted the confusion I have noted. 

This Jeffry Hatch, of South Molton, appears to have had two sons. 
The elder of these, John Hatch, was the great grandfather of Robert 
Hatch, who, by his marriage with Wenlyan, daughter and heir of Sir 
John Murdock, Kt., became possessed of Wolleigh. This Robert died 
in 1406 (Inq. p. m. 7th Henry IV.), and his branch became extinct in 
male line about the middle of the sixteenth century, when the Wolleigh 
property went with the daughter and heir to Mallet ; but William and 
Oliver Hatch, baptised at Kenwyn 1614 and 16 16, were cadets of the 
Wolleigh line, and the former had a grandson, John Hatch, baptised 
there in 1673. 

The second son of Jeffry Hatch of South Molton, Gilbert Hatch, 
married Claris, daughter and heir of William de Awre of Awre, com- 
monly called Aller, in South Molton. Thomas Hatch of Aller, fifth in 
descent from Gilbert, was the father of Lewis Hatch of Aller, whose 
line terminated late in the eigliteenth century, upon the death of 
Thomas Hatch, cousin and heir of Elizabeth (will proved 1747), grand- 
daughter and heir of John Hatch of Aller. Will proved 1 731-2. 

Thomas Hatch, father of said Lewis, had also a third son, Robert 
Hatch, who has been entirely overlooked by the heralds, and he was 
the father of Robert Hatch, the above testator, and also of two 
daughters, Gertrude and Elizabeth, who are likewise omitted from the 
visitation pedigrees. The father of the testator, Robert Hatcli, married 
Joan Parker of South Molton, and received by ileed of gift from his 
father, Thomas, the Saiterleigh property, by indenture dated loth Dec, 


The Saiterleigh branch of the Hatch family terminated with co-heirs 
married to Stafford, Drake, and Burdock, upon the death of Robert 
Hatch of Saiterleigh, who was buried there 13th Dec, 1699. 

1662. The last Will of Christoplier Wood of Ashridge, in 
the parish of Northtawton, Esqtiire, 15th Oct., 1661. Legacies 
to poor ; to wife Mary^ and daughter Mary ; daughter-in-law 
Elizabeth, wife of son and heir Christopher. Residue to wife 
Mary, who is Sole Exccutri.x. 

Proved 22nd June, 1662. 

Note. — Mary (Fowell) was testator's second wife; she died 1683. 
Ashridge subsequently belonged to the Skinners, who held it for some 
descents. The daughters and co-heirs of the last Skinner of .•\shridge 
married Orchard, and Sheriff, and the property now belongs to the late 
Mrs. Orchards grandson, JNIajor Charles Orchard Cornish, kite i8th. 
Royal Irish, and 73rd Regiments. See my " Devonshire Parishes," 
Vol. II., p. 72. 


1665. Administration to tlie effects of Roger Sanger of 
Mariansleigli, to " Sarah Sanger, Widow." 
Henry Sanger joins the bond. 
Suni £cj\ IIS. 

1669. Sara Sanger of " Marley," Widow, nth Jan., 1668. 
Legacies to son John Sanger, to daughter Marian Vicary, and 
grandson Joseph Vicary and his three brothers, and their 
.sisters Sibil and Francis. 

The latter to have my "jump coat and one of my pewter 

To the children of John, James, Henry, and Elias Sanger 
2s. each. 

Residue to }oungest son Elias Sanger, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 14th April, 1669. 

Inventory exhibited by Roger and Jrnathaii Sanger and 
William Adams. 

Note. — " Marley" is a corniptioii of Mary Ansleigh, and about two 
miles from Meshaw, in tlie same hundred and deanery. This parish 
is called in some old documents " Anstey St. Mary." 

1669. Administration to the effects of Wilmot Hamlyn, 
granted Sth Feby., 1669, to William Hamlyn of Hartland, her 

Sum ;^4i 13s. 6d. 

1672. The account of William Haml3-n, son, and adminis- 
trator of Wilmot Hamlyn of Hartland, dated 7th Dec, 1672. 
Sum of personalt)' ^41 13s. 6d. 
For funeral expenses £2. 
Letters of admon. 12s. 6d. 

Drawing and double writing the accompt lOs. 6d. 
Balance ^38 los. 6d. 


1673-4. The last Will of Lewis " Hacche " of Satterley, 
"minister of the Gospel," 17th June, 1673. Desires to be buried 
in the '■ little window of the chancel of Satterleijjh Church." 
Bequeaths "my books" to nephew Robert Hacche, and other 
books to 'Mrs. Hildersham." Mentions "sister Mrs. Sarah 
Hacche," cousin Cliristian Hacche, " Uncle Laveicombe," cousin 
John Nott, and Thomas Nott his son ; Thomas Wacie, his wife 
and their son Lewis Wade ; John Pincombe of Warkleigh. 

Residue to brother " Robert Hacche, Esq.," who is Sole 

Proved 6th Feb., 1673-4. 

1674. The la.'it Will of William Mortymer of Great Tor- 
rington, dated 17th Feb., 1673. 

He leaves directions for a funeral sermon from the text 
Cor. ii , c. 13, V. 11, " Finall)-, brethren, farewell." To son 
Gyles a charge of iSs. per annum out of the house of Antiiony 
Budd during the life of Francis Budd, as per indenture, &c., 
of Charles Budd brother of the aforesaid Anthony and 

To said son " my signet ring," &c. 

To daughter Agnes Mortymer i^ioo, i.e., £^0 on marriage, 
and ;^50 on the birth of "her living child," and there is a 
like legacy to daughter Dorothy Mortymer. Legacies to poor 
of Torrington ; to goddaughter Mary, daughter of Anthony 
Budd ; to Cosen Ann, daughter of Charles Budd ; and to 
brother George Mortymer's daughters. Mentions " my sou " 
" An " Pa) ne and brother " An " Budd. 

Exors., wife Agnes and son Gyles ; brother " An " Budd 
and George Mortymer to be joint Exors. in trust. 

Seal, a heait, with letters " W. M." 

Proved 4th Jul)-, 1674. 

1675. The last Will of William Mortymer of Kentisbury, 
Yeoman, 13th Aug., 1674. Legacies to poor of said parish, 
and to the poor of Great Torrington, Berr)-narber, Comb Martin, 
and Parracombe. To daughter-in-law Agnes Mortymer, and 


to Agnes and Dorotliy, daugliters of son William Moitymer, 
deceased. To kinsman Giles Moitymer, to daughter-in-law 
Philippa Budd, and to her six children. To son-in-law Francis 
Budd and to his seven children Winifred, Agnes, Giles, Mary, 
Wiimot, Ellinor, and Francis Budd. To Agnes and Elizabeth, 
daughters of said Giles Mortymer. 

To son Thomas Mort)mer certain lands in Berry narber and 
others in possession of Amias Seirill. Mentions said son's 
daughters, Agnes and Dorothy. Dorothy, daughter of son 
George Mortymer, has ;{J^iOO ant! right in " Colley," testator's 
residence. Mentions Agnes, sister of last mentioned Dorothy, 
and her mother Wilmott Mortymer. 

Residue to son George, who is Sole E.xor. 

Overseers — Francis and Anthony Budd 

Proved 7th May, 1675. 

1679. Admon. to the efTects of Grace Hamlyn of Parkliam, 
granted 5th Jul}', 1679, to Margaret, wife of Richard Payne 
of Stratton, Co. Cornwall. 

1684. The last Will of Roger Sanger of Meshaw, alias 
Meshutt, 20th April, 1684. To ihc poor of Meshaw and 
"Marleigh" (Mary Ansleigh) los. each. He leaves his lease- 
hold estate Prescott, on which he resides, held on the lives of 
"me Roger Sanger and Agnes my wife," "if Roger, son of 
brother Jonathan, soe long live," to said Roger his nephew, 
charged with an annuity of i^20 to kinswoman Elizabeth 
Lithiby. To kinsman Wm. Chardon of Romansleigii, £\o. 
Part of a sum of ;^I2 advanced by said William for William 
Adams of Marleigh. Legacies to kinsfolk Ann, William, and 
Joshua Lithiby the younger, and to Daniel, son of Wm. 

Residue to wife Agnes, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved May (.?), 1684. 


1685. Agnes Sanger of Meshaw, Widow, iSth June, i6>S4. 

Legacies to l<insfolk John, William, and Ann Lithiby, and 
to John, son of William Addams. 

To Alexander Addams ; to kinswoman Ann Lithib}' the 

Residue to Icinswoinan Elizabeth Lithiby, who is Sole 

Trustees, Edward Kemp and John Addams. 

Witnesses, Edward Kemp and Lewis Deamant (Da\mant). 

Proved Sept. (?), 1685. 

1685. Admon. to the effects of John Tussle of Barnstaple, 
granted lOth April, 1685, to Katharine his widow. 
£t>\ 4S- Id. 

1686. The last Will of Jonathan Sanger of RTarleigh, alias 
Maryansleigh, 20th Jan., 1682. To the poor of the parish, 2s, 

" Having already settled a competent maintenance upon my 
wife Joliana, I give her the lands and tenements settled on her 
in bar of her dower," together with the use of certain furniture. 
To son Nicholas, los ; to son Roger, " my right in Bourne 
Park"; to son Elias, "my right in L^pcote " ; to daughters 
Dorothy and Johane, ^^50 each. 

There are arrangements for the maintenance of son Alexander. 

Overseers, kinsmen Richard and Elias Bray. 

Witnesses, John Spencer, John Addams, and John Treble. 

Sum ^804 13s. 4d. 

No " act " of proof 

In Calendar, Probate 4th Feb,, 1686. 

1686. Agnes Mortimer of Great Torrington, Widow, 14th 
Jan., 1683. Legacies to son Giles Mortimer and his six 
cliildren ; to daughter-in-law Philippis Mortimer; to daughter 
Anne, wife of Anthony Payne ; and to her five children. 

Residue to daughter Dorothy, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved Oct. 2nd, 1686. 


1687. The last Will of William Hamlyn of Barnstaple, 
dated jotli Nov., 1687. Bequests to brother James Hamlyn, 
sisters Martha and Hannah Hamlyn, cousins ]\Iar_\' and 
Rebecca Lancey. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 13th F"eb., 1687. 

1692. The last Will of Richard Hamlyn of Tawstock, 
Yeoman, dated 30th March, 1687. Mentions daughters Mary 
anti Katherine, sons John and James Hamlyn. 

Residue to wife Katherine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Codicil dated nth Nov., 1690. 

Proved 17th F'eb., 1692. 

1693. The last Will of John "Hamlin" of Abbotsham, 
24th April, 1691. 

Mentions sons William and Richard, grandchildren Richard 
and Grace Ellis. 

Residue to daughter Agnes " Hamling," who is Sole 

Proved 3rd Feb., 1693. 

1693. The last Will of John Hamlyn of Barnstaple, dated 
22nd Feb., 1692. 

Mentions his two daughters Rachel wife of Thomas Wel- 
lington of Barnstaple and Mary Hamlyn. 

Grandson John Lancey (?), granddaughters Margaret, Dorothy, 
and Elizabeth Lancey (.'). 

Residue to daughter Mary Hamlyn, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 1st September, 1693. 

Noi E. — The name of WiUington, above written " Wellington," is of 
great repute and antiquity in the neighbourhood of Barnst.iple. Ori- 
ginally seated at Willmgton, in Derbyshire, Sir Ralph de WiUington, 
living 1252, migrated to Devonshire m consequence of his marriage 
with Joan, daughter and heir of William Champernowne, of Umber- 
leigh and adjacent parishes, property which hnd been derived from the 
Soleignys, by the marriage of Mabel de Soleigny with Jordan Champer- 
nowne, the said Mabel having been the granddaughter of Gilbert de 


Soleigny, of Stoke Rivers and Umberleigh, by his wife, Lady Avis 
Redvers, daughter of Baldwin, second Earl of Devon, and aunt of 
Lady Avis, wife of Sir Hugh Worihe, of Worth, knight. 

The son and heir of bir Ralph U'illington and Joan Chanipernowne 
was Governor of Exeter Castle in 1253, and Sheriff of Devon four 
years later. His eldest son, Sir John Willington, was created Lord 
Willington of Keirkenny, by writ of 11 Edward L, 1283, and was patron 
of the Church of High Bickington in 1309. This first Lord Keirkenny 
had a son, who succeeded as second lord, and also seven brothers. 
The third of the latter. Sir Reginald Willington, was found iieir-at-law 
to his nephew. Lord Keirkenny, in 1348. ai.d also died childk ss. 
Another of the brothers was killed at Borough Bridge, another was 
beheaded in 1322, another was a priest. The heritage ultimately came 
to Lord Keirkenny's youngest unclf, William Willington, of Huntshaw, 
who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Freville, by his wife, 
a co-heir of Marmion. The last heir male of the elder line, John 
Willington, of Umberleigh, died S.P. 1397. And all the lands, inclusive 
of the claim to the then dormant barony of Keirkenny, were divided 
between his sisters, whilst ihe peerage honours have since been in 
abeyance amongst their posterity. The eldest sister and co-heir, 
Isabel ^^'illington, married William Beaumont, and had the Umberleigh 
and other property, which ultimately passed to the Bassets. Her 
younger sister, Margaret Willington, married Sir John Worthe, of Worth, 
in Washfield, and brought the Worthes considerable estates in Barnstaple 
and Brauntoii, which were ultimately entailed upon the second house of 
Wonhe, settled at Compton, in the parish of Marldoii, an estate derived 
from the marriage of Sir John Worthe, father-in-law of Margaret Wil- 
lington, with Cicelye, daughter and co-heir of Sir John Doddescombe. 
See notes to ^^'orthe wills, ante pp. 21, 44, 52, etc. 

The Willingtons of Taiuworth, Co. Warwick, and of Killoskehane, 
and of Castle Willington, County Tipperary, both claim to be cadets of 
this truly historical family, and their genealogies, as such, are inserted 
in Burke's " Landed Gentry." 

1697. The Itiventory of William Rawie, late of Chittle- 
hampton, deceased. Yeoman, exhibited 25th Feb., 1697. 

1702. The last Will of William Hamblyn of Hartland, 
6th May, 7th William the Third (1695). 

Bequests to wardens for repair of the church, 20s. To 
brothers John and Thomas. To godchildren Henry Snowe ; 
Wilinot, wife of John Alford ; William, son of Richard Sherme ; 
Thomas, son of John Barons ; and Ishmael, son of Margaret 

Residue to wife Amy Haml)-n, who is Sole Executri.x. 

Proved 6th March, 1702. 

Sum £\o\ -s. 6d. 


1702. Administration to the effects of Joseph Hamlyn of 
"Ciovelleigh," granted 4th July, 1702, to Christiana his wife. 

William Handyn of " Woolsery," yeoman, and William 
Hamlyn of " Chivelleit^h," yeoman, join the bond. 

Sum £\6o 14s. 2d. 

1703. George Mortimer of Kentisbury, loth Oct., 170?. 
Legacies to poor of said parish, and to those of Comb Martin, 
Trentisho, and Parraconibc. Tenement in Trentisho to son- 
in-law William Knight, after the death of Julian Gubb. To 
daughter Domthy Knight, £\0. Legacies to grandchildren 
William, Elizabeth, Dorothy, and George Knight ; grand- 
daughter Agnes Hamond. 

Residue to son-in-law William Knight, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, John Courtne_\% William Herding, Robert Troute. 

Proved 22nd June, 1703. 

1705. Thomas Mortimer of Berr)narber, Yeoman, 21st Aug., 
1705. Legacies to daughter Dorothy and her husband William 
Lerwill ; to grandchild Ann, daughter of George Bowden ; to 
daughter Wilmot Mortimer. Mentions " cosen " William 
Knight, "senr.," of Kentisbury. Said Wilmot to have fee- 
simple estate in Berrynarber, with remainder to daughter 
" Thamsin Witheridge's '' children. To son-in-law John 
Witheridge, 5s. 

To poor of Berrynarber and Comb Martin, 20-S. each. Legacies 
to "cosen" William Knight of Kentisbury and to his four 
children William, George, Elizabeth, and Dorothy Knight. 

Residue to son-in-law George Bowden, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved jth Oct., 1705. 

1706. Admon. to the effects of John Hamlyn of Tawstock, 
granted 7th March, 1706, to Gertrude his wife. James Hamlyn, 
Yeoman, and Richard Limbery join the bond. 


1709. The last Will of Catherine Hamlyn of Tawstock, 
2nd April, 1708. Bequests to poor, 20s ; to son James 
Hamlyn, his wife Honor, and to their children James and Mary; 
to daughter Mary Mattack, and daughter-in-law Gartherett 
Hamlyn; to Judith, wife of Richard Budd, "second best cote 
of staining cloth." 

Residue to daughter Catherine Hamlyn, who is Sole 

Overseer, brother William Berry. 

Proved 6th Ma\-, 1 709. 

Sum i!'i39 I2S. 6d. 

1709. The last Will of Amy Hamlyn of Hartland, Widow, 
8th Feb., 170S-9. 

Bequests to parish church ; to sister Rebecca Wakely and 
to James and Richard Wakely ; to Agnes Yeo, Richard 
Sherme, and to latter's sons William, Hugh, and Richard ; to 
sister Mary Vine ; to godchildren Matthew Bragg and John 
Batisholl ; to Oliver Simon's wife and her son Charles Budd ; 
to Erne, daui^hter of William Brown, Susan Bavvdon, James 
Vine, and Thomasine his wife. 

She leaves her right in Ponsdowne, in the parish of Pan- 
craswick, to William, son of William Brown. To John Vine, 

I OS. 

Residue to said William Brown the \-ounger, who is Sole 

Proved 4th Nov., 1709. 

Armorial Seal — A fesse between three mullets {argent, a 
fesse between three mullets, sable, is a well-known coat of 
" Brown.") 

17 14. The last Will of James Hamlyn of Tawstock, 
Yeoman, 17th Aug., 1713. 

To son James the tenements known as Bratabeer and Poolly 
after wife's death. 

To daughter Mar)-, ^120 at 21. 

To sister Mary ?kladdicke of Dartmouth, 40s. 


To twenty poor people of Tawstock, 20s. 
Residue to wife Honour, who is Sole Executrix. 
Witnesses, Abigail Berrye, Henry Millford. 
Proved 12th Nov., 1714. 
Seal of Arms — A lion rampant. 

Note. — The die evidently bore the name " William Hamlyn." The 
half of the " W " and the letters "ILL " are only apparent on the 
impression, which is very indistinct. The ancient arms of the house 
of Hamlyn were, gules, a lion rampant, ermine, crowned, or, and are 
hus blazoned for Sir John Hamlyn on the " Boroughbridge Roll," 
who bore them at that engagement, i6th March, 1322. 

1725. The last Will of Joseph Hamlyn of Clovelly, 19th 
July, 1725. 

" To my honoured father, one suit of clothes." 
" To my honoured mother, one puter dish." 
"To loving brother William Hamlyn, my best hatt." 
" To sister Margaret, one of my best nets." 
Residue to wife Mary Hamlyn, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved 1st Oct., 1725. 
Inventory of effects of above testator : — 
"His apparel and purse, £/^. 
"His part of fishing boat and nets, .^10. 
" His bed performed, £2 lOs," 
His Pewter, £1 15s. 
Brass crocke, kittell and skillett, 15s. 
Table board and four chairs, 4s. 6d. 
Chimney stuff, 7s. 6d. 
Other lumber not mentioned, is. 6d. 
Witnesses — Henry Yealland. 
Alice Madge. 
Thomas Yeo. 

Note. — Refer to admon. of Joseph Hamlyn of " Clovelleigh," July, 
1702, ante. 

1726. Admon. to the effects of James Hamlyn of Tawstock, 
granted 27th Jan., 1726, to Jane his wife 

Edward Lancey of Heanton and John Paddon join the 


1733. The last Will of Lewis Gregory of Barnstaple, Devon, 
Gentleman, 17th Jan., 1732-33. 

Desires to be privately buried in the chancel of Barnstaple 

He leaves his son Geort^e Grey;ory the advowson of the 
Rectory of Combinartin. Mentions daughter Anne and niece 
Mary Gregory. Residue to dear wife Joan, who is Sole 

Proved 2nd July, 1733. 

Note. — Testator was the son of the Rev. George Gregory, son of 
Rev. Samuel Gregory, son of Rev. Anihony Gregory. The last was 
rector of Charles, 1654, and the first was instituted to same rectory 
2o!h March, 1664. Testator's daughter Anne was the wife of John 
Drake, Town Clerk of Barnstaple, and the grandmother of the late 
Sir Wm. Drake, Kt. 

The parish now known as " Charles," near South Molton, was anciently 
called Charneys. The Rectory was for some years in the patronage 
of the Gregory family. 

1734. Roger Sanger of Mariansleigh, Yeoman, Feb. 13th, 

To wife Elizabeth an annuity of £\o, charged upon Higher 
Upcott. He also bequeaths her certain furniture, together with 
three rooms in his house, and liberty of ingress and egress for 
herself and friends " through the hall." To daughter Elizabeth, 
i^i20. To granddaughters Ann Sanger and Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Hill of Withypool, Somerset, ;^5 each at 21. 

To the poor of Marleigh, 20s. 

Residue to son John Sanger, who is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses, Henry Bowden and John Rocke. 

Proved 26th April, 1734. 

1739. The last Will of Ann Drake, Widow, of Barnstaple, 
lotli Nov., 1718. 

Mentions "brothers" William Yeo and Richard Evans of 
Cullompton ; sister Amy Stephens of the parish of Denbury ; 
daughter Christian Standish and grandson Henry Drake. 
Cousins Robert Daw of Exeter and John Pearce. Grand- 
children Henry and John Drake are both under age. 

266 DEVOXSHIKE ill U.S. 

Mentions Richard, George, William, and Elizabeth, children 
of said "brother" Richard Evans; Elizabeth and Amy, 
daughters of said William Yen. 

Desires a private funeral, no funeral sermon, orders " hatt 
bands and gloves," and appoints her " bearers," viz., Messrs. 
Bowchair (Bouchier?) and Spark, Nicholas Glass, Samuel 
Berry, John Richanls, and Walter Tucker. 

Said John Pearce Executor in trust during minority of said 

Proved 17th Nov., 1739. 

Note. — This will was proved twenty years after the death of testatrix, 
who was buried at Barnstaple, October 26ih, 17 19. She was widow of 
Henry Drake, sometime Mayor of Barnstaple, who died 1688, and at 
the dale of her marriage with him the widow of William Noyse of 

Her " daughter " Christian Standish was the younger daughter and 
co-heir of Robert Hatch of Satterleigh, and after the death of her first 
hushand Juhn Drake, son of testatrix, she married Charles Standish of 
Barnstaple. The grandchild of testatrix, John Drake, mentioned in 
the will as '' under age " in 1718, had been baptized 27th September, 
1710. He died in 1770, and was succeeded by his son Henry Drake, 
born 1745, subsequently Town Clerk of Barnstaple, who died in 1806. 

The latter was the grandfather, through his second son, of the late 
Sir William Drake, knighte<l ist October, 1869, and, through his eldest 
son, he was the great grandfather of General John M. C. Drake, C.B., 
Royal Engineers, burn 1833. who has issue. 

1753. Nicholas Sanger of Marleigh, dated loth May, 171 1. 

He gives to the poor of the parish the interest of a sum of 
£\o. To John, son of John " Saiigor," " my great brasse pot." 
Residue to Jonathan Sanger and unto Johane, daughter of 
Roger Sanger, " my brother, my kinsfolk " ; they are joint 

Witnesses, John Adams and Roger Packer. 

Proved Dec 7th, 1753. 

Nor?;. — The above legacy to the poor of Mariansleigh was stated in 
a return made to Parliament in 17S6 to have been given by deed of 
Nicholas Sanger In 1707. The "^10" was then vested in John 
Adams, and produced los. per annum. The principal sum was sub- 
sequently in the hands of William Adams, who paid 8s a year in 
respect thereof; the parishioners had no security for the principal, and 
the Parliamentary Commissioners suggested that it should be placed in 
a bank. According to "White's Devonshire," edition 1878, the bcque.^t 
is now lost. 


1775. Jolm Torsall of Lapford, April, 1774- T" 
daughter Mary Ricliards certain household good^. Mentions 
son-in-law John Richards. 

Residue to "Jolm Torsall," no relationship expressed, who 
is Sole Exor. 

Witnesses — Peter and Susanna Richards, \Vm. Cook. 

Proved Nov. 4th, 1775. 

1779. Susannah Tossell of Ashreigne)^ 26th Ma\-, 1777. 
To son-in-law Edmond Foss and to his wife Susannah, and 
to their five children, one guinea each. 

To son James Babbage's six children one guinea each. 

Legacy to Bett)' Pridham Babbagc, and mentions "Jane 

Residue to the four children of son John Babbage, viz., 
Elizabeth, John, William, and Richard, who are joint E>cors. 

Proved by John Babbage and Elizabeth, wife of Samuel 
Alford, two of the Exors. 

March 5th, 1779. 

1780. "John Tossel," 4th June, 1779. To Ilumpluy, son 
of George Tossel of Kingsnympton, one guinea. To Thomas 
Tow IS. 

Residue to John, son of George Tossel, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved July ist, 1780. 

Note. — No parish is mentioned, but testator is described in the 
Calendar as of Kingsnympton. 

Admon. granted to George Tossel in the minority of his son John, 
the Exor. named in the will. 

1781. Adinon. to the effects of John Sanger of Mary^ 
leigh. Yeoman, granted 5th May, 17S1, to Mary his widow. 


1787. Elizabeth Tossel of Main ood, Widow, nth June, 1787. 

Legacies to Elizabeth, wife of John Berry of Marwood ; to 
Elizabeth thtir daughter ; to John their son ; to Thomas Shar- 
land of Marwood ; to Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Gammon of 
Marwood ; to Ann Scott of Fremin>^ton; to Jane, wife of John 
Manley of Marwood ; to John Radford of Marwood ; to Eliza- 
betii, wife of Wm. Thornc of Martinho; to Mary Berry; to 
George and Wm. Radford iiis son ; to Jane Paltryman of 
Tawstock ; to Mary Cross, George Radford, and Johanna, 
daughter of Hannah Stanbury, all of Marwood ; and to 
Thomas, son of John Berry. 

Residue to John Berry, sen., of Marwood, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2nd July, 1787. 

1794. Tile last Will of John Mortimore of Torrington, 
Surgeon, 4th June, 1793. Wife Ursula universal legatee and 
Sole Executrix. 

Proved 15th Dec. 1794. 


PART 11. 


1601. The last Will of Johane Tooker of East Alliiigton, 
Widow, i3tli Dec, 1600. Legacies to tiie poor; to son Zachary, 
and to his eldest son William ; his daughter Rabyn Dodd and 
to her three children ; to daughter Mary, wife of Nicholas 
Wakeham ; to daughter Johan, and to son John Tooker. 

Residue to said children John and Johane, who are joint 

Proved 23rd Jan., 1600. 

1601. Tiie undated Will of Peter Tucker of Blackauton. 
" To the poor men's box, 2s. ; to brother Tliomas Tucker's two 
children, John and Samson, a lamb to each."' 

Residue to wife Margaret, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 12th Oct., 1601. 

1603. Doroth}' Fry of Hatherleigh. Mentions son Henry 
Fry, daughters Mary and Avline. 
Witness, Richard Fr\- and others. 
Proved at Okeliampton 6th Feb., 1603. 

1605. The last Will of Joane Mortymore of Stokingham. 
Legac)- to the poor of the parish. To daughter Ebbot, wife of 
Robert " Alortemor," £'io. '1 o Mychcll, Thomas, and Eliza- 
beth, children of John Mort)iriore, small legacies. To Julian 
Mortymore, " my great longe leyed crocke, & my gieat pan." 


Siujilar bequests of goods. &c., to W'llmot and Cliristian Morty- 
more, to Joan Stisson, to Elizabeth, daughter of John Hawkins, 
to William Knight, and William Pascow. 

Residue to son Robert Mortyaiore, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 7th Feb., 1605. 

1605. Admon. to tlie effects of John Mortimer, of Inward- 
leigh, granted 13th March, 1605, to Margery his relict. 

1607. John Toker the younger of the parish of Blackawton, 
Sth Sept., 1607. 

To the poor, 6s. 8d., to be distributed by brother Stephen 
Toker, Legacies at 21 to daughters Sylphine, Richorde, and 
Alice. To sons Richard and Christopher. To wife Jane the 
custody of his son John during minority, and to pay the sum of 
^100, due on bond, to his, testator's, father John Toker. To 
godson Stephen Toker, a lamb, and another to god-daughter 

Residue to eldest son John Toker, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 22nd Feb., 1607-8. 

Admon. granted to said wife Jane Toker in minority of 

1607. The undated Will of Walter Tucker of the parish of 

To be buried in parish church. 

Legacies to eldest son John and to other sons Robert, 
William, and Richard. 

To daughter Margaret and to her children Nicholas and Anna 
Clarke. To daughter Honor Elliot and to John Elliot her 
son. To daughter Thomsin. To Mary and Elizabeth, children 
of son John. Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 28th May, 1607. 


161 1. The last Will of ThomRzin Tuke of the parish of 
Bcaworthy, Widow, 9th July, 8th James I., 1610. 

Bequests to all godchildren and to the parish poor and 

■Mentions sons John and William and daughter Thomazin 
Northam of Halwill. 

To daughter Margaret Peerse, " my best coffer and all my 
apparel, m\' sylver hookes giited, with my sylver ringe, and 
also a brazen crocke." 

Legacies to John Northam's children ; to Roger and John, 
sons of son William. To Grace, daughter of Richard Peerse. 
Residue to grand.-^on David, son of said Richard Peerse, who is 
Sole Exor. 

Proved 1st Aug. 161 1. 

1616. The last Will, nuncupative, of William ]\Iort_\mer of 
Bovey Tracy. Legacies to daughter Joan and to the child now 
expected by his wife. 

Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix, 

Dated 29th Aug., 16 16. 

Proved Q'Ji Nov., 161 6. 

1616. " Soli deo laus.'" 

The last Will of Nicholas " Tucker " of Blackawton, Yeoman, 
6th Dec, 1616. 

To the poor of Blackawton, 5s. 

"A lamb a peece " to son Lewis Tucker, and to his children 
Nicholas, James, Roger, Agnes, Susc, anil Jane Tucker. 

To son Roger Tucker's first child a lamb; to daughter Jane 
Pook, two lambs ; to William Dowell, a lamb. 

To son Chrispine Tucker, £10. His wife Suse to have the 
use of certain farm implements, inter aliis, of " the plough, 
scuffle, wheels, and harrows. ' 

Bequests to John Com\n, John \"\nsent, Isabel Coome, and 
Margaret Wetyne, and kinsman Henr\- Tucker. 

Residue to said wife, Suse "Tucker," who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved Feb. 14th, 1616. 


l6l6. Inventory of t lie effects of Nicholas Tucker of Black- 
iuton, deceased, made 13th Jan., 1616. 

Item, one yoke of oxen ... ... ... ... £"] 

2 milch kine ... ... ... ... ... ;^5 

3 yonge bullocks ... ,.. ... ... £i^ 

3 labor beastes ... .. ... ... £6 

50 .sheepe young & old £\^ 

5 swyne liogges ... ... ... ... 30,'- 

A chattell lease of certain ground in Bur- 

lieton, in parish of Blackawton ... ... £2,6 

One ox that hath been sicke ... ... 30/- 

His Arniore ... ... ... , . . 15/- 

Eight silver spoons .. ... ... ... 20/- 

Tota! of personal effects, ;^I70 Os. 8d. 

1618. The last Will of Joane Tooker, otherwise Webb, of 
"Edford" (Ideford), Widow. To the poor there, ten groats. 
To Mary Manninge, " my best gowne, one little milke panne, my 
best hat, best wastcoatc, best saveguard, best cloake, and to 
every one of her four ciiildren a sheepe apeece, together with 
one down coverlet, one blanket, one canvas sheet, one pillow, 
and one pilloty." To servant Elizabeth Tottell, 40s. and a 
heifer of two years old. " Item, I give to ' Kathron ' twelve 
pens." To goddaughter Sissy Swetland, twenty nobles at her 
marriage. To Edward, Thomas, and James, children of William 
Swetland, one sheep each. To goddaughter Joane Swetland, 
ten groats. Residue to son-in-law \A'illiam Swetland, who is 
Sole Exor. 

Proved 23rd May, 16 18. 

1618. The nuncupative Will of Margaret Tucker, otherwise 
Michelmore, wife of John Tucker of Totnes, dated 2nd April, 
1618. She desires to be buried in Totnes yard. Slie leaves iier 
servants sixpence each, and the residue of her separate estate 
to her husband tlie said Joiin Tucker, who is Sole E.xor. 

Proved lOth July, 161S. 

From the Inventory of said testatri.x — " Item, a legasie of 


^^300 given unto the said Margaret by the last will and testa- 
ment of Richard Michelmore, her father, deceased, payable six 
years after his death, ;f 300." 

1622. The last Will of John Towker of Whitecombe, in the 
parish of East AUington, loth May, 1619. 

To be burled in parish churchyard. To poor, 3s. 4d. 

Legacies to son Nicholas Towker ; to daughter Jone Michel- 
more ; and to daughter Edith Br)-an. 

Residue to wife Anne, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 17th Jan., 1622. 

1625. Admon. to the effects of Roger Tucker of Slaptoii, 
Yeoman, granted 8th July, 1625, to Susie, his mother. 

Inventory made by Lewis Tucker, Richard Tokerman, and 
Crispin Tucker. 

" Item, 5 silver spoons ... ... ... ... 15/- 

7 acres of wheat in ground ... ... £\2 

6| „ of barley £\0 

.. i| .. rye £2 15s. 

20 „ oats ;^20 

„ 3 milch kine £% 

„ 64 sheep & 8 kine... ... ... ... ;^2i 

,, 40 lambs ... ... ... ... ... £6 

Total sum of personality, i^ioo 6s." 

Note. — Is is shown by his will, as recited by his mother, that he had 
paid "Crispin Tooker " the sum of ;^65, and Richard Pooke a like 
amount, for which they were respectively to free his mother's executors; 
but the will referred to is not in the bundle. 

See post, March, 1633. 

1625-6. Admon. to the effects of John Chappie of Modbury, 
intestate, granted 17th Jan., 1625-26, to Marie his relict. 
Osmond Pullablanke of Modbury joins the bond. 

Inventory made by William Pullablanke. 

Sum, £tb los. 


1633. Tlie last Will, luiiiciipativc, of Joan Mortymore of 
Stokingham, i6th Ma}', 1633. To the poor of tlie parish, is. 
Bequests to Robert and Hclenc, cliihlreii of Elizabeth Hingston ; 
to Elizabeth, daughter of John Hingston; to kinsman Thomas 
Mortymore and to his children John and Joan ; to John and 
Elizabeth, children of Nicholas Colle; tu kinsman John Gould ; 
to Ebbott, wife of Nicholas Garland ; to the three children of 
Edward Milton ; to William, Marie, Nicholas, and Agnes, 
children of Christopher Jilleard ; to god-daughter Margery 
Edwards ; to Rachell and Robert, children of Wilmot Eweine ; 
and to daughter Julyan Mortymore. 

Residue to daughter Wilmot Eweine, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 8th June, 1633. 

Note. — Refer to will of Joine Mortymore of same [larish, February, 

1633. The last Will of Suse " Tooker " of Blackawton, 
Widow, 2nd Dec, 1633. Legacies to the poor of Blackawton 
and Brixham ; to daughter Jane, wife of Richard Pooke ; to 
son Crispin and his children ; to John, Lewis, and Elizabeth, 
children of son Roger ; to Johan, daughter of son Lewis ; to 
Jane, daughter of William Partridge of Chivelstone ; to grand- 
children by son Christopher. She recites that .she administered 
to the goods of her son Roger. 

Residue to son Lewis, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 2 1st March, 1633. 

Note. — This will was disputed upon the affidavits of Nicholas and 
Jane Tooker ; it appears to have been made by one " Henry Sharp- 

Refer to Feb., i5i6, and to July, 1625, ante. 

1635. The last Will of Julian Mortymtr of Stokingham, 
Maiden, ist April, 1635. Bequests to Marianne, Mary, Nicholas, 
and Robert " GiUord " ; to Robert and Rachell " Ewen " ; to 
William Cook, John Lowe, Robert and John Gould. 

Residue to sister Wilmot " Ewen," who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 22nd Jan., 1635. 


1636. Admon. to tlie effects of Elinora Tucker of Hatlicr- 
leigh, granted 13th Sept., 1636, to Jolin Wadland, cou.sin. 

1637. Tlie last Will, nuncupative, of Katherine Tucker of 
Okeliampton, Spinster, 9th Nov., 13th Charles I. She gives 
lOs. "to tlie poor of Spreyton, to be eniploj-cd and to remain 
to the use of the said poor for ever." 

To Anne Arscott, her sister-in-law, "one oring coloured petti- 
coat, one silver coloured waistcoat, one kupp band, my worst 
halt, & greene apron." 

To Katherine Luke, " two old petticutes & one old waistcoate, 
a saveguard, & a small laced band." 

Residue to sister Johan Tucker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Admon. granted, in minoritj- of executrix, to Hmnphry 
Tracy of East Worlington. 

Note. — The bequest to the poor of .Spreyton is not noticed in tlie 
report of the Charity Commissioners. The Spreyion poor loi.g had 
the benefit of 20s. per annum issuant out of West Bigbear, by virtue 
of the will of Thomas Hore, dated 14th May, 1746 ; for although this 
gift was void by the Mortmain Act of gih George II , it was sometime 
paid by the owners of Liitle Bigbear. 

They also had the interest of ;^So left by John Cann for their use 
for the fifty years following his cieatli, by will dated 13th March, 1798, 
and proved in the Principal Registry of the Bishop of Exeter in 1S07 ; 
the term expired in 1857. 

The testatrix, Katherine Tucker, left personality ^'58 los. 4d., and 
the los. to the poor may have been absorbed in the ^45 raised and 
paid to Arthur Kelly in 1760 for the property now known as " Poor- 
lands," the said sum having been panly furnished by " pecuniary 
donations to the poor of this parish, some of which had been lost, and 
the residue laid out in this purchase " as far as they sufficed, the 
balance having been made up by the trustees of the said newly acquired 
poor lands. 

1641-2. The last Will of Mary Chappell of Wodbiir)-, \\'ido\v, 
dated 9th Jan., 1640-41. 

She makes her sons Saiuuel and John Chappell universal 
legatees and Sole Exors. 

Inventory by William Cotley and Ralph Webber, who witness 
the will. 

Proxed 3rd Jan., 1641-42. 


1644. Admon. to effects of Julyan Frye of Black Tor- 

rington, granted , 1644, to Lewis and Leonard Frye. 

Inventory attested by Howard (Henry ?) Frye. 

1645. The last Will of John Tucker of Okehampton, 3rd 
March, 1644. He makes his daughters Elizabeth and Sara 
universal legatees and Joint Exors. Three trustees — Richard 
Heayne and Thomas Carter of Okehampton, and brother Philip 
Tucker of Rattery. 

Proved 23rd April, 1645. 

1646. Admon. to the effects of Michael Mortimer of Stoking- 
ham, to Joanna Mortimer of the same parish, Widow. 
Hercules Giles joins the bond. 
Granted 21st July, 1646. 

1664. ''The account of Nathaniel Tucker of Northlew, who 
bought the administration of the goods of John Tucker, 
deceased, at the Archdeacon's Court at Okehampton, 21st Feb., 

" Paid for tithes that was due to the parson, £\ 7s. 

" Paid for a mortuary to the parson, los. 

" To Michael Tucker for wages due to him, 7s. 

"To John Tucker, due to him on bond, £2 13s. 

" Due to myself from the said John Tucker, deceased, £6" 

With other payments, total sum, ^^51 is. 6d. 

" So it appears from the account that the accountant has payd 
more than the inventory comes to, the sum of £\\ 4s. 2d." 

1665. The last Will of Abraham Mortymer of Bovey Tracy, 
14th June, 1664. To the poor there, 5s. Legacies to Edward, 
Nathaniel, and Gilbert Mortymer ; to sister Thomasine Conant ; 
to godson Abraham Conant ; to mother Elizabeth Casely. 

Residue to Jane Heath, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Christopher Tynes, William Heath. 

Proved 3rd June, 1665. 


1665. The last Will of John Tooker, the elder, of the parish 
of Milton Abbot, 6th June, 1665. 

Legacies to Dorothy Drewe, grandchild, and to Daniel 
Drewe's four sons. To grandchild Dorothy Bragge, and to 
grandchildren Elizabeth and John Tooker ; to Katherine and 
Elizabeth Horwill and to daughter Katherine Bragge. 

Residue to son John Tooker, who is Sole Exor. 

No act of proof Inventory exhibited 17th Jan., 1665. 

Sum, £\g "s. 8d. 

1666. The last W' ill of Nicholas Tucker of Totnes, Merchant, 
20th July, 1666. 

To son Nicholas, dwelling-house and herb garden, ■' without 
the north gate," and the house called the "Vineyard," to him 
and his heirs male for ever. There is remainder to son Richard, 
to daughter Joan, to brother Richard, and to the heirs male of 
Grace Weekes, deceased, late wife of Thomas Weekes, and 
finally to sister Amy Tucker and her heirs. To said son 
Richard, £iOO, issuant from property at Alphington. Mentions 
property at Darlington ; to daughter Joan, £\dp ; to wife Edith, 
the best feather bed. 

Mentions grandfather Richard Tucker, deceased, in connection 
with a legacy of £,'&o left to testator's brother Richard. To 
Mr. John Ford, minister of Totnes, 20s. for funeral sermon. For 
the poor of Totnes, Dartington, and St. David's, Exeter, 20s. to 
each parish. Residue to said son Nicholas, who is Sole E.xor., 
but a minor. 

Exors. in trust, "Brother Richard," Peter Windball of Exeter, 
distiller, and William Venning of Tor-Brian, clothier. 

Proved by trustees, 23rd Oct., 1666. 

Personality, ;^ 1,026 17s. 4d. 

Note. — Refer to Edith Tucker, Jan., 1705, post. 

1667.— The last Will of Margaret Tucker of Kingswear, 
Widow, 16th March, 1667. To Susannah, wife of William 
Rawlings, ^5 ; to Edward Knight of Brixham, 20s. ; to Agnes 
Knight of Yealmpton, 20s., and " my old red coat and waist- 
coat." " Item, I give to two children of John Crnte of Woodis, 


lO-s. a pccc, and to tliarc iiiothef, l'".li/..ibctli Ball of Cocl<ington, 
a red coat and a cullercd waistcoat." To Elizabeth Tlioinas, 
20S. " and a red petticoat bound with a green lase." To the 
younger son of Mr. George Renole.s, a " signight ringe," anil in 
money 40s. ; to liis children Elizabeth and George, 40s. each. 
To Susanna, wife of Richard Parker, ^5. To poor of Kings- 
wear, lOs. Mentions the " children of Cheston Ceilings, Susc 
Glover, Jone Sallis, Elizabeth Smith," and " Mr. Briyat of 
Plumleigh, William Parker, Susan Rawlings the younger, and 
daughter-in-law Christian ToKer. 

Residue to Richard Parker of Dartmouth, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 14th June, 1667. 

Note. — This will is sealed probably with the " signight rirge " 
referred to; it is a poor inipression, but evi.lently not annoriiil. 
Apparently a text T, surrounded with an ornamental border. 

1668. Administration to the effects of John Handyn of 
Widecombe-in-the-Moor, granted 22nd April, 1668, to William 
Hamlyn his son. 

1669. The last Will of Walter Hamlyn of Withicombe-in- 
the-Moor, 3rd Oct., 1668. 

To wife Margaret leasehold interest in property at Buck- 
fast, charged with support of daughter Margery. 

To son Peter leasehold interest in Dunston, terminable on 

Mentions children Johane, Mary, and Richard, "sisters and 
brother of said Peter." 

Residue to wife Margaret aforesaid. 

Proved 15th Feb., 1669. 

Note. — Testator was brother of Richard H.imlyn of Buckfast- 
leigh. Will proved April, 1690, post. 

1669. The last Will of John Hamlyn, sen., of Dean Prior, 
Yeoman, 2nd June, 1665. Mentions daughters Elizabeth, 
Grace, Agnes, A'lary, and Barbara. 


To sons, John and Henry Hanilj^n, i6d. eacli. To John, 
son of said son John Hamlj'n, 5s. To grandchild Mar)-, 
daughter of said Henr)-, 5s. 

To the rest of son John's children, is. each. 

Residue to wife Mar)', who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved i;tii Sept., 1669. 

1670. Admon. to effects of Phillip Fry of Asluvater, granted 
19th July, 1670, to Margaret Fr)'. 
Arthur Bassett joins the bond. 

1670. Admon. to effects, &-c , of Alexander Fry of Milton 
Damarell, granted 17th Nov., 1670, to Alexander his son. 

Inventory by John Fry, Humphry Dene, and Walter 
Williams, 6th Nov., ibid. 

Sum, £'&i, 4s. 8d. 

1672. Walter Mortimere of North Bovy, 16th April, 1672. 
Legacies to sons John, Thomas, and Walter, and to daughters 
Richord Mortimere and Thomasinc Langdon. Residue to wife 
Richord, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 3rd April, 1672. 

1673. The Will of Richard Haml\ n of Plymouth, 
Merchant, 14th Nov., 1672. 

He leaves wife Prudence a messuage and tenement in parish 
of St. Andrew, and to poor of saicl parish, 15s. 

Mentions son Timothy Haml)-n and daughter Elizabeth. 

Overseer, cousin George Ceely. 

Residue to said wife, who is Sole hLxecutrix. 

Proved 27th Nov., 1673. 

His silver plate was valued at ^,"13. 


1674. The last Will of William Bartlctt, the elder, of 

Desires to be buried in church or churchyard of Marldon. 

He gives his " wife " " half the butter and chees in the house," 
and likewise the " victuals " ; 20s. each to grandchildren Alis 
and Katherine Bartlctt. 

Residue to grandson William Bartlett, who is Sole Exor. 

Probate granted 14th Sept., 1674. 

Inventory exhibited 28th May, 1675, in which deceased is 
described as a " yeoman." 

1678. The last Will of John Tucker of Woodland (prope 
Ashburton, not " Woodleigh," as entered in the Kalendar), 
20th Sept., 1662. The tenement called " Millclifif " to wife 
Mary, together with a house, &c., in St. Lawrence's lane, Ash- 
burton, held of Hugh Woodley, and now in occupation of 
Gregory Holkmore, Esq. To sister Thomasine, 40s. Mentions 
daughter Mary, granddaughter Jane Tucker, and " Cozen " 
Francis Tucker. 

Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Admon. granted to Mary Tucker, daughter of deceased, 
28th Feb., 1678. 

1679. Admon. to the effects of John Mortimore of North 
Bovey, granted 26th July, 1679, to Isot, his widow. 

1679. The last Will of Richord Mortimere of North Bovey, 
Widow, 5th Nov., 1678. To daughter Thomasine Langdon, 
" all my clouse vvoolling & lening except my best geompt." To 
granddaughter Thomasine Langdon, " my best gounipt towrn, 
and one pudyer dish." 

Similar legacies to grandchild John, son of Thomas Morti- 
mere ; to grandchild John, sou of John Mortimere ; to son John 
Mortimere ; to son Walter Mortimere ; to grandchild William 
Mortimere ; to daughter Richord White, " my meidle coat & 


wascout." Residue to son Thomas Mortiniore, who is Sole 

Witnesses, \Vm. Paulle, jun. ; John Knowling, John Brocke. 

Proved 26th July, 1679. 

1690. The last Will of Richard Hamlyn of Buckfastleigh. 
To son Richard my right in " Old Walls," situate at Buckfast, 
togetiier with " Latherhole Park " in Widecombe. To son Giles 
Hamlyn land situated at Lana Water in Ashburton. To son 
Francis is. ; to daughter Mary, 5s. Said son Richard, his 
lease in Hembury during the life of Ann Gould the younger. 
He has also residue, and is Sole Exor. 

Proved 25th April, 1690. 

Note. — Testator was of the Southcombe branch of the family. His 
son Francis, who is "cut off with a shilling," was born 1660, and was 
the father of Peter Hamlyn of Southcombe, Widecombe in-the-Moor, 
born 1690. Peter Hamlyn, great-grandfather of testator, had paid the 
subsidy on Southcombe in 1621. The latter was grandson of Richard, 
brother of Robert Hamlyn, ancestor of the Hamlyns now of Buckfast- 

1692. The last Will of Achilles Frye of Ashwater, dated 
22nd Oct., 1692. Bequests to the poor of the paiish; to sister- 
in-law Margaret Frye; to Anstis and Jone, children of Sidrach 
Frye ; to kinsfolk Charity and Elizabeth Frye and Richard 
Bounde ; to brother William and to kinsman William Frye. 

Residue to John, son of Richard Martyn, and kinsman 
aforesaid Sidrach Frye ; they are joint Exors. 

Witnesses, Elizabeth Frye, Jeremiah Cross, and William 

Proved 25th Nov., 1692. 

1692. Admon. to the effects of Thomas Mortimore of 
HennocK-, granted to Joane his widow, 6th Dec, 1692. 


1696. Adaioii. to the effects of Thomas Morlimore of 
Slapton, granted iith Jan., 1696, to Rebecca Mortimore his 

1701. Adiiioii. to the effects of Walter Fry of Tavistock, 
granted 31st Jan., 1701, to Henry Manaton " of Harwood, in 
Count)' of Cornwall," Esq., the principal creditor, Honor Fry, 
the widow, liaving renounced. 

Note. — Harewood (pronounced Harwood) forest, about tea miles 
west of Tavistock, and on the further side of the Tamar, the scene, 
according to Mason, the dramatist, and others, of the murder of Eihel- 
wold by Edgar, the Saxon king, in 965, to enable him to marry his 
victim's wife, Elfritha, who, in her turn, murdered her step-son, Edward, 
hence called " the martyr," to make way for the succession of her own 
offspring, known in history as Etlielred " ihe unready." The Maiiatons, 
who inherited Kilworthy, near Tavistock, by virtue of the marriage of 
Ambrose Manaton with the daughter and heir of William Kelly, great 
granddaughter, maternally, of Sir John Glanville of Kilworthy, had 
also a house in Tavistock, rendered C()ns|)icuous by its heraldic decora- 
tion. They were reinarkable for their kindness towards their poorer 
neighbours, and hence possibly Henry Manaton's connection with the 
private affairs of the above deceased intestate. 

There are Manaton inscriptions in the church of Tavistock — 
Robert, 1740; Robert, 1769. The daughter of the last of them 
brought Kilworthy and other property to her husband, a clergyman 
called Butcher, who sold it to the Duke of Bedford. The Mana- 
tons, described "as of Southill, in the County of Cornwall," bore for 
arms : 

Arg.., on a bend, sable, 3 mullets, pierced, of the field. 

Crest — A deiiii-unicorn rampant, sable. 

1703. Robert Granger of Plymouth, H.M.S. " Pendennis," 
makes his friend John Little of the same ship universal legatee 
and Sole E.\or., dated 30th Sept. 

Proved 4th Nov., 1703. 

1705. The last Will of Edith Tucker of Totnes, Widow, 
lOth April, 1703. 

She leaves to Mr. Robert Burscough, Vicar of Totnes, or to 
the Vicar at the time of her death, as " a free gift," "one guinea 
of gold " to buy a mourning ring. To Thomasin Sanders, 
widow, of Totnes, los. To nephew Samuel Wiinball, ^^5. To 
son Nicholas Tucker of Totnes, mercer, " my wedding ring 

DEroySH/KE irifj.s. =^3 

and tlie picture of ni\- late son Richard Tucker. Mentions 
Susanna, Isabella, Richard, and Nicholas, children of said son 

"And whereas I formerl}- by an accident hurted my skull, 
and by the advice and management of my phisitians, some little 
part, or piece tliereof, being broken, was taken out, whicli I 
now have by me, my desire is tliat the same may after my 
decease be putt att or soe neare the place in m\- head fiom 
whence it was talcen, as possible ma\- be without upening m\' 
head, and that the same may be buried with nice." 

Residue to daughter Joane Tucker, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved i6th Januar\', 1705. 

Note. — See my " History of the Borough of Totnes," '■ Ashburton 
and its Neighbourhood," p. 115. 

Mr. Burscough inherited the " guinea of gold." He was Vicar from 
March 2nd, 16S1, and placed his library at the disposal of John Prince, 
his predecessor, and the author of the " Worthies of Devon." He 
died in 1709; his successor Artliur D'Anvers was instituted 7th Nov. 
that year. 

i/OS. Administration to the effects of Abcdnego Fiy of 

Granted 9th July, 1706, to Joseph Vosper his nephew. 

1706-7. The last will, nuncupative, of Mary Ford, of Berry 
Pomeroy, Widow, dated 1st Jan., 1706-7. 

She leaves all her effects to eldest son Roger Ford of said 

Inventory by George Campion and Walter Mitchell. 

Proved Jan., 1 706-7. 

1707. The last Will of Joseph Fry of Plymoutli, Mariner. 
He makes his wife Elizabeth universal legatee and Sole 

Proved 25th July, 1707. 


1708. Admon. to the effects of Edward Tossell, late of 
Plymouth, 11. M. ship "Rupert," granted 12th Nov., 1708, to 
Elizabeth his widow. 

171 1. Administration to the effects of William Haml)n of 
Katter)-, deceased, granted 22nd Dec, i/ii, to John Hamlyn 
of Dean Prior, and Samuel Cowling of Rattery, the son 
William Hamlyn having renounced. 

1 7 16. The last Will of Mary Hamlyn of Dean Prior, 
Widow, 2nd Feb., 17 15. Mentions children Mary Tucker, 
Barbara Pearse, Rachel! Hamlj-n, Elinonr Parsons, Henry, 
Richard, and Thomas Hamlyn, grandchildren Abraham Maine, 
William and John Hamlyn, Sarah, Susan, and Peter Hamlyn. 

Residue to son John Hamlyn, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 7th July, 1716. 

Note. — See 17th Sept., 1669, ante 

1719. Administration to the effects of John Fry of 
Plymouth, granted , 17 19, to Margaret Fry. 

Note. — The admon. apjiears to have been lost ; the wrapper only in 
the bundle. 

1721. The last Will of Honor Fr)' of Tavistock, Widow, 
2ist April, 1721. 

She divides her property between her children Walter Fry, 
eldest son, Nicholas, Peter, and Piiscilla. 

Mentions grandchildren Honor Condy, Walter, Katherine, 
and Mary Fr)', and daughter-in-law Elizabeth, wife of son 

Residue to said daughter Priscilla Fry, who is Sole 

Proved ist June, 1721. 


1724. The last Will of Andrew Mortymore of Kingsteignton, 
Husbandman, loth March, 1723 To kinsman Samuel Hol- 
man's three children b)' Mary Lange, his first wife, is. each. To 
brother-in-law, John Lange, is. To the two children of John 
Skeen, deceased, is. each. To Humphry Milton's two children, 
2s. 6d. each, and to his wife Mary, '* half my linen clothes." To 
Richard Prowse's four children, 2s. 6d. each ; to brother William 
Mortymore, 3s. To Mary Colman, widow, 3s. Residue to 
John Mortimore and Joan Redstone, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 19th June, 1724. 

Note. — Refer to Joan Mortymore, of Stokinghani, 8ih June, 1633. 

The executor, John Mortimore, was probably identical with "John 
Mortimore the elder, of Shaldon," who had leasehold property in 
Kingsteignton. His will was proved Archdeaconry Exon., Aug. 22nd, 
1764 {ante). He left, with other issue, a son, Joseph Mortimer, of 
Shaldon, whose granddaughter, Charlotte, married Granville. The 
mention of " Humphry Milton's children " points to a connection with 
the " Mortymores " of Stokingham. 

1741. The last Will of Edward Sinegar of Plymouth, H.M. 
ship "Grafton," 2Sth Eeb , 1739. Makes his brother, John 
Sinegar of Mortlakc, universal legatee and Sole E.xecutrix. 

Proved 17th April, 1741. 

1 741. The last Will of Edward Fry, His Majesty's ship 
" Orford," makes his beloved friend Joan Pasco, spinster, uni- 
versal legatee and Sole Executrix, dated 13th July, 1740. 

Witnessed by Edward Deeble, Mayor of Plymouth. 

Proved Oct. 20th, 1741, by Joan Fry, widow, formerly 
Pasco, the Executrix, mentioned therein. 

1743. Admon. to the effects of Walter Fry of Tavistock, 
granted i6th Nov., 1743, to Rebecca his widow. 

1745. Adtnon. to the effects of Thomas Sing of Halwill 
granted 17th Dec, 1745, to " Mary, wife of Moses Ham, hi 
niece through his sister." 


1751. Admon. to the cftects of John Fry of Holswortliy, 
deceased, granted 7th May, 1751, to Jane, Itis widow. 

1754. The last Will of Frederick Fry of the town of 
Plymouth, 4th July, 1746. 

He leaves his gold ring and silver watch to his son l""rederick. 

To his "disobedient and undutiful " son and daughters 
George, Catherine, and Grace Fry, i /- each. 

Residue to brother-in-law Bampfjlde Collins of Fowc)-, in 
trust for testator's four daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Amelia, and 
Sarah Fr)-. 

Executor, in trust, said brother-in-law. Said daughter Mary 
to be Overseer. 

Proved 6th July, 1754, by said daughter Mary, described as 
a " minor " in the will. 

1760. The last Will of Walter Hamlyn of Widecombein-the- 
Moor, 21st May, 1756. 

To son W'altcr Hamlyn he leaves the " Soutliaway " property 
during the lives of said Walter and daughter Jane, wife of 
William Medland. 

To grandchildren, sons of deceased son Elias, John, Weaker, 
and Thomas, an annuity of 40s. each in charge of their mother 
Mary Hamlyn ; 20s. per annum each to daughters Mary 
Hamlyn, Jane Medland, and Margaret, wife of James Cornish. 

Residue to wife Mar)', who is Sole Executrix. 

Seal of Hamlyn arms. 

Proved 2nd I'eb., 1760. 

1760. Admon. to the effects of Frederick Fry of Plymouth, 
ilor H.M.S. "Iris," granted May 8tli, 1760, to Mar)- his sister. 
Under i^20. 

1760. Admon. to the effects of Jolm Tooker of Stoke 
Damarell, granted 23rd Ma\-, 1760, to Anne his widow. 


1760. Thomas Mortimore of Plymouth, 13th April, 1760. 
He leaves all his houses in Pl\-mouth, situate in Lower Lane 
and elsewhere, to sister-in-law Judith Mortimer and her heirs 
for ever. 

Residue to said Judith, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 9th June, 1760. 

1760. The last Will of John Tucker of Buckfastleigh, 
i8th June, 1760. 

To Daniel Bur}- of Morelon, £l~ in trust for testator's 
daughter Mary at the age of 20 years. 

To son John Tuclcer, gold watch. To father-in-law Sanuiel 
Chafife, the ^^30 in trust fur said son John, and £10 f )r daughter 

To brother William Tucker, " m}- best coat, two waistcoats, 
and my best breeches." 

Residue to wife Philippa, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved July 1 6th, 1760. 

1760. Thomas Tucker of Handsknoll, in the parish of 
Slapton, i6th Dec, 1758, desires to be '■ buried in a decent, 
handsome, Christian-like manner, and when I am so interred 
it is ni)- will and desire that a tomb be erected or built upon 
my body." To the poor of Slapton, 30s. To wife Mary, the 
best bed and crocks. To son Thomas, ^,40 ; and to daughter 
Mary, ;£'i50. To nephew John Tucker, tenement at Purleston, 
in parish of Blackawton " for two years succeeding my death." 

Residue to said nephew John Tucker, Nicholas Helmer of 
Charleton, and George Jellard the younger, for benefit of sons 
Thomas and Henry Tucker at 21. 

Residue includes freehold lands in Blackawton, which are to 
re\ert, failing issue, male or female, to brother John Tucker's 

The Trustees are joint Exors. 

Proved 20th Sept., 1760. 


1765. Tlie last Will of Hannah Hamlyn of VVidecombe-in- 
tlie-Moor, Spinster, ist Dec, 1760. 

She mentions her brothers Hngh and Edward, her " cousins" 
Joan, daughter of Edward Hamlyn, and Hannah, wife of 
George Wycott. 

Residue, including " lands, hereditaments, messuages, &c.," 
to " cousin " William, son of brother William Hamlyn, to 
" cousin " Hannah, and to Hannah, daughter of George Wycott, 
in equal shares. They are joint Exors. 

Proved I5lh May, 1765. 

NorE. — Testatrix was a sister of William Hamlyn of Dunstone, who 
had died 1736. ''Cousin," really nephew, William, was a posthumous 
son and heir, who ultimately sold this ancestral manor, and died in 

1767. The last Will of Mary Tucker of Blackawton, Widow, 
29th Dec, 1755. 

She leaves to Crispin Tucker of Harbertonford her leasehold 
interest in an estate called Clovelly, in Slapton, charged with 
annuities of 40s. to Thomazine, wife of William Mitchell of 
Halberton, and Rosa Pike of Stokefleniing, widow. 

She bequeaths to the overseers of the poor of the parish of 
Blackawton, and their successors, for ever, the annual sum of 
40s. at Christmas in trust, to distribute it amongst such poor 
persons of the said parish as are not in receipt of monthly or 
other relief. The said annuity to issue out of land situated at 
Lupridge, in County of Devon, which she had recently purchased 
of Richard Hingston, thatcher, of Blackawton ; and subject to 
this annuity, and not otherwise, she devised the said estate in 
fee simple to Walter Square of Brixham, his heirs and assigns. 

Proved Aug. 27th, 1757. 

Note. — This gift was void by the Mortmain Act of 9th George II., 
c. 36, and is unnoticed by the Charity Commissioners. It should have 
been made by deed dated twelve months before the date of donor's 
death, and enrolled in Court of Chancery. 


1774. Admoii. to the estate of William Hamlyn of Wide- 
conibe-in-the-Moor, granted 6th Dec, 1774, to Francis his son, 
Agnes, the widow, having renounced. 

1776. Admon. to the effects of Ann HamK n of Widecombe, 
granted 26tli Aug-, 1776, to her mother Ann, wife of Hugh 
Hamlyn of Black-sladc. 

Note. — Hugh Hamlyn, son and heir of Hugh Hamlyn and Mary 
I>eaman, was the eldest brother of the John Hamlyn who settled at 

1778. Admon. to the estate of Edward Hamljn of Scob- 
betor, in the parish of Widecombe, deceased, intestate, granted 
14th Feb., 1778, to Ann his widow. 

Note. — The maiden name of the widow may have been Wakeham, 
as Elizabeth Wakeham of Tolnes, spinster, probably her sister, joins 
the bond of obligation. 

Deceased had a leasehold interest in the Scobbetor estate, terminable 
on the life of his eldest brother William Hamlyn of Dunstone. They 
were the uncles of John Hamlyn, who, having sold his inheritance in 
Widecombe, removed to Brent, and died there. See will, post, June, 

1783. The last Will of Walter Hamlyn of Widecombe-in- 
the-Moor, 8th April, 1783. He leaves his wife Ann an annuity 
of £'& to issue out of '• Wooder " ; to second and fourth sons, 
John and James, i^ioo each. To daughter Mary, wife of Digory 
Hill, of the county of Cornwall, ^100. 

Mentions an illegitimate son, the child of one Margaret Steer, 
who is entitled to " a legal settlement " at Bovey Tracy. 

He leaves the Wooder estate to son Thomas and his heirs 
in fee-simple. To son Richard, East Southway, in Widecombe. 
His " little mare " to John, son of said son John Hamlyn. 
Residue to wife Ann, who is Sole Executrix. 

Sealed with the Hamlyn arms (see post June, 1806). 

Proved i6th April, 1783. 

Note. — Testator was the descendant of the third son of Robert 
Hamlyn of Dunstone, etc., who died 1556. 


1787. The last Will of George Mortimore of North Bovey, 
13th May, 1786. 

He leaves the " Ciimbe " estate in said parish to his four 
daugiiters Anne, Mary, Joan, and Elizabeth, in fee simple. 

Legacies to "three children of daughter Ann; to John 
German and George Mortimore German, sons of daughter 
Mary ; to granddaughters Elizabeth and Grace Richards ; to 
be paid them by daughter Joan." 

"The lands in Ashburton belonging to daughter Eh'zabetli 
to go after her death to her two daughters, Grace and Elizabeth 

Trustee, sonin-law Richard Eastabrook. 

To grandson John French, son of daughter Elizabetii. 

Residue to daughters Mary and Joan, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 19th Nov., 1787. 

1806 The last Will of John Hamlyn of South Brent, dated 
6th June, 1805, with codicil dated 3rd Jan., 1806. 

Exor. and residuary legatee, son Joseph Haml}'n. Proved 
6th June, 1806 

Note. — Testator was the second son of Hugh Hamlyn of Black- 
slade, in the parish of Widecombe, and younger brother of Hugh 
Hamlyn, also of Blackslade, who died without issue male. The 
executor, Joseph Hamlyn, was the grandfather of the Hamlyns now 
settled at Buckfastleigh. They are the direct descendants of Robert 
Hamlyn of Blackslade, lord of the manor of Dunscone, etc., who died 
6th April, 1556. See their pedigree, "Visitations of the County of 
Devon," edited by Vivian. Their ancestor, referred to in the 
Domesday Record as " Hamelinus," held much property in Devon and 
Cornwall at ihe period of the survey, and his posterity became setded 
at Widecombe-in-the-Moor between the years 1187-1200. See Hamlyn 
Wills in Part I. 

See also my "Suburbs of Exeter," pp. 187-202, for the history oi 
this ancient stock in its several branches, and further notice of the 
family in part iii post. 

Arms — Gules, a lion rampant, ermine, crowned, or. 


1825. George Hamlyn the elder of Widecombe, 29th March, 

Mentions son George, grandsons Elias and John, daughters, 
the wives of William Norris of Buckland and John Hodge of 
Christow. Residue to wife Mary, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 29th Aug., 1S25. 




1556. The last Will of Nycholas Mortymore of " Sampford 
Swythene" (Sandford, nigh Crediton), 12th Dec, 1556. Be- 
queaths his "soul to Almighty God and our Lad\' the Virgin, 
and to all the Holy Company of Heaven." To the " High 
Cross," 2od. To son John, si.K silver spoons ; son Davj-e, a 
littell crocke, and a four gallon panne, and three silver spoons ; 
to daughter Agnes, a white panne of five gallons ; to Margaret 
Parkhouse, a five gallon panne. Like bequests to Edward and 
Joane Mortymore. Residue to wife Joan, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, -'Sir William Tristamb, John Vilvayne, James 

"To Christey Hop, I owe 12s.; to John Mortymer, 40s." 

Proved 19th Feb., 1556. 

1558. The last Will of James Mortymer of Sandford, 
19th Oct., 1558. To be buried in parish cimrch, and leaves to 
the maintenance thereof two sheep. 

He disperses the residue of his flock between his "god- 
children " John Mortymer the younger and Ebbot Rowe. To 
John Hokeridge, ^3 6s. 8d. ; to Nicholas Tree, 33s. 4d. 

Residue to son John Mortymer, " he to dispose of part of my 
goods for the wealth of my soul, and the rest for the preserva- 
tion of his bodye." 

Witnesses, Sir Thomas Lobone, clerk, and Thomas Mortymer. 

Proved 15th Nov., 1558. 

" Robert Gye, Gentleman," is a trustee. 


1576. The last Will of John Mortemere of Brydgend, in the 
parish of St. Wynnowe, 4th May, 1575. To the poor men's 
box, one sheep. To eldest son John, a table board, the best I 
have, and six silver spoons. 

Mentions other sons Nicholas and Richard, and grandsons 
Thomas and John, children of said John. 

Residue to wife Johane, who is Sole Executrix. 

Witnesses, Edward Battyii, curate of " Lostw}-thell," with 

Proved 30th May, 1576. 

1594. The last Will of Christian Bremridge, Widow, of 
Kerton, in County of Devon, dated 7th April, 156^. She 
provides for daughters Thomasine and Mary. 

Mentions "brothers" John Ware and Nicholas Leache. 

Proved — , 1594. 

Note. — Testatrix was widow of John Bremridge of Bremridge in 
Sandford, nigh Kerton, otherwise Crediton. Her son and heir, John 
Bremridge of Bremridge, had pre-deceased her about 1581. Her great 
grandsnn, AVilliam Bremridge of Bremridge aforesaid, was aged 21 
in 159S, as shown by Inq. P.M. on death of his father John. 

See note on Bremridge family, p. 189, ante; and part \\\. post. 

1637. Administration to the effects of James Peter of 
Marldon, granted Apiil 20th, 1637, to Alice Peter, Widow. 
Gilbert Peter and Abraham Langdon join the bond. 

1660. The last Will of Joane Grinfcld of West Teignmouth, 
nth April, 1659. 

She desires to be buried as near her husband as convenient. 

Legacies to grandson William Smith ; daughter Joane 
Bearne ; son Richard Grinfcld ; daughter Mary Grinfeld. She 
also mentions Wilmot and Ellen Cocke ; daughter Ellin Smyth ; 
and there are legacies to Thomas and John Stephen and to 
Mary Martin. 

Residue to son William Grinfeld, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 29th Jan., i6Co. 


1660. Administration to the effects of Roger and Richard 
Grenficld, late of West Tcij^nmoutli, granted 25th Jan., 1660, 
to Mary, wife of Henry Martin of the same parish. 

1663. The last Will of William Adams, the elder, of 
Paignton, 20th June, 1650. 

Legacies to wife Joane ; sons Michael, William, and John; 
granddaughter Agnes Adams. 

Proved 6th Oct., 166^. 

1663. The last Will of William Greenfeild of West Teign- 
mouth, son and Exor. of Joane Grinfeld (whose will was 
proved 29th Jan., 1660, ante), dated 6th October, 1663. 

He leaves his property in said town, and at Holcombe, to 
the child his wife may possibly bear after his death, and, failing 
such issue, to the children of his sisters Ellin Smith, Joane 
Bearne, and Mary Martin. 

Residue to wife Elizabeth, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 30tli Oct., 1663. 

1670. The last Will of William Adam of Stoke Gabriel, 
6th July, 1669. 

Legacies to Penelope Adam, to son John and to daughter 
Mary Adam. 

Proved 7th April, 1670. 

1674. Admon. to the effects of John Tossell of Morchard 
Bishop, granted 20th Nov., 1674, 'o grandson John Beare, 
daughter Elizabeth Comj-ns having renounced. 

Account exhibited by said John Beare, i8th May, 1675, 
after debts paid, &c., &c. Balance of personality, ^^24 9s. 2d. 

1677. Admon. to the effects of William Adams of Stoke 
Gabriel, granted Jan. 20th, 1687-88, to Eleanor Adams, Widow. 
Henry Adams joins the bond. 


1677-78. The last Will of William Adam, the elder, of Stoke 
Gabriel, 19th June, 1677. 

Mentions " wife." Legacies to son George and to daughters 
Joan Bartlett and Ellenor Churchward. 

Residue to son-in-law Thomas Bartlett, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 5th Feb., 1677-78. 

1 688. Admon. to the effects of William Adam of Paignton, 
granted lOth May, 16S8, to Margaret his widow. William 
Penny, yeoman, joins the bond. Inventory by Nicholas Bound, 
yeoman, and Toby Belfield, clothier, both of Paignton. 

Note. — The Beifields subsequently acquired property at Paignton, 
known as " Primley," by mairiage with Finney, and also the manor, or 
reputed manor, of Leworth, in the parish of Hatherleigh. In Paignton 
Church are memorial inscriptions for Matthew and Protodorus Finney, 
1 73 1 and 1734, and for Allan Belfield, a.d. 1800. The latter endowed 
a school at Paignton with the sum of ^1,000. Mr. John Finney 
Belfield, son of the Rev. Finney Belfield, succeeded to Primley and other 
property at Paignton in 1858. Query, whether the above deceased 
"William Adam,'' was identical with the William Adams buried at 
Paignton 1687, whose extraordinary escape from the Algerine pirates in 
an open boat has been recorded by Nathaniel Wanley, M.A , in his 
" Wonders of the Little World " (London, folio, 1678). 

16S9. The last Will of Tristram Fry of Bishop's Tawton, 
17th Sept., 1688. 

Legacies to J cane, daughter of Francis Viglull (.'), widow. 

To daughter Margaret and son John ; to kinswoman Pene- 
lope Langdon. 

Residue to Francis Uphill, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved 4th Jan., 1689. 

1708-9. The last Will of John Ford of Stoke Gabriel, dated 
3rd Dec, 1707. 

Legacies to sister Agnis Doust, to John Doust, to sister 
Margaret Ford, and to mother Jane Ford. 

Witnesses, Francis, Nicholas, and Richard Shepherd. 

Proved Feb. 6th, 170S-9. 


1716. The last Will of Martin Greiifield, otherwise Gran- 
ville, of Northill, in the County of Cornwall, Feb. iSth, 1713. 

He leaves Maiy Nott and her three children £\o each. 
William, Sarah, Mary, John, and Edward Nevill ^20 each. 

Mentions wife. 

Residue to Robert Nevill, who is Sole Exor. 

Administration ^ranted to Mary Nott, 22nd June, 1716, vice 
Robert Nevill, who renounced. 

1729. The last Will of Simon Worth, 14th April, 1726 

To brother John Worth, Esq., ;^20, and a like sum to said 
brother's wife. 

To Rev. Thomas Worth, ii'20, and to his present wife, £^0. 
To Gartrude and Thomasine Worth, daughters of the latter, 
£%0 each. 

To sister Gartrude Adams, ^40, and to nephew John Worth, 


To sons and daughters of John Worth, Esq., ^^150. 
Residue to niece Margaret, daughter of said Rev. Thomas 
Worth, who is Sole Executrix. 
Proved 20th March, 1729. 
Seal — The Worth arms, crest, and mantling. 

Note. — Testator, who resided at Falmouth, was a younger son of 
John Worth, of Worth in Washfield, and of his wife, Thomasine 
Calmady of Wembury, whose mother was a daughter of Sir Richard 
Buller. His brother John's wife, a beneficiare under the will, was the 
daughter ami heir of John Furse of Morshead, in the parish of Dean 
Prior. See her will, p. 45, ajite 

The " Rev. Thomas Worth " was testator's brother-in-law, and first 
cousin, he was a canon residentiary of Exeter Cathedral and Rector 
of Washfield and of High Bickington ; he died 1737. 

1729. The last Will of John Grenfeild of Falmouth, Yeoman, 
4th Jan., 1728. 

To son-in-law William Pearce of Falmouth, baker, and Jane 
his wife, is. each. 

To grandson George Doubt the }-ounger, son of George 
Doubt of Falmoutli, mason, ;^5. Mentions grandchildren 
William, John, Andrew, Richard, Jane, and Doroth)' Pearse. 

To wife Phillippa Grenfeild, an annuity of £6. 


Residue to son Jolin Grenfeild, then under age, who is 
Sole Exor. 

Proved at Penryn in Cons. Ct. of the Bp., Exon., 25th 
April, 1729. 

1731. The last Will of John Sanger of Bishop's Nympton, 
28th April, 173 1. 

To five poor people of said parish, and to a like number 
in Mariansleigh, 20s., i.e., 2s. each. 

He leaves his lands, etc., in Rose Ash and North Molten 
to son John and his heirs. Legacies to wife Mary ; to 
daughter-in-law Mary Sanger; to brother Roger Sanger; to 
cousin Joan, daughter of John Galland of Rose Ash. To 
daughter-in-law Susannah Sanger " my hackney horse." To 
granddaughter Susannah Sanger, and to Mary, daughter of 
son Jonathan. 

Residue to said younger son Jonathan Sanger, who is Sole 

Proved 2nd March, 173 1. 

173 1. The last Will of Richard Phillips of Marldon, 
Yeoman, 7th May, 1730. Legacies to grandsons Thomas and 
William Bartlet and to granddaughter Elizabeth BuUey. He 
leaves wife Margery " j'e whonie tenement of Compton Poole." 
He leaves sonin-law Thomas Bartlet is., and other landed 
property to daughter Elizabeth Bartlet and to son Richard 

Residue to said son Richard, who is Sole Exor. Proved 
March 31st, 1731. 

Note. — Compton Pole, in Marldon, anciently the properly of the 
Comptons, passed by the marriage of Alice, daughter and lieir of 
Angier Fiiz-iMartin de Compton, to Sir Maurice de Pole, Kt. Their 
granddaughter and heir, Alice Pole, married Hugh Peveiell of Leigh, 
and left two daughters co-heirs ; the one, Johane, married Ralph de 
Doddcscombe, the other Peter or Petre. The latter was maternal 
ancestor of the Gilberts of Compton Castle. Compton Pole, and Leigh, 
afterwards known as Doddescombleigh, belonged to Sir John 
Doddescomb in 1347, One of his daughters and co-heirs, Cicely, 
married Richard Worthe of Worth, and Compton Pole descended with 
the Washfield property r.ntil the time of Thomas Worthe of Worth, who 


left it to his younger grandson, Roger Worthe, Mayor of Exeter, 1482, 
but who was of Compton Pole and Doddescombleigh before 1464. From 
the latter date Compton Pole continued to be the principal residence of 
the second house of Worth down to the middle of the seventeenth 
century, when it was sold by John Worthe of Compton, about 1650. 
In consequence of a marriage with Bodley, cousin of the founder of the 
Bodleian library, Mr. Wortlie's immediate predecessors had then some- 
time removed to Crediton and Exeter. See ante, p. 21. 

Roger Worthe was inide, not " brother," of Anthony Worth of 
Worth, as by a slip appears in the text note, ante, p. 103. 

1741-42. Nicholas Adams of Marldon, Mariner, dated 8th 
Nov., 1778. Legacies to brother John Adams; to Susannah 
Bartlet, spinster ; to Nicholas, son of Henry Braddon of Har- 
berton ; and Mary his wife. Residue to Mary, wife of said 
Henry Braddon, who is Sole Executrix. 

" Rawleigh Gilbert," a witness. 

Proved March 12th, 1741-2. 

1760. Richard Fiy of Sandford, nigh Crediton, 14th April, 
1760. Mentions wife Margaret, and son John Fry. 
Trustees, John Law and Robert Snow. 
Witnesses, Susannah Greenslade and John Bragg. 
Proved 9th Dec, 1760 

1763. Mary Sanger of Bishop's Nympton, 1st March, 1731. 

Legacies to son Jonathan Sanger of Romansleigh ; to Mary, 
daughter of son John ; to Susannah and Mary, children of said 
Jonathan ; to kinswoman Mary, daughter of Elias Bray of 
Rose Ash ; to Mary, daughter of Lewis Pollard of " Marleigh " ; 
to John Adams, sen., and Mary his daughter, both of Mary- 
ansleigh aforesaid. 

Residue to son John, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 13th May, 1763. 

1764. Admon. to the effects of Joyce Fry of Penryn, and 
County of Cornwall, granted 29tli Nov., 1764, to John Tom, 
her kinsman. 


1768. The last Will of John Sanger of Bishop's Nympton, 
4th April, 1761. To wife Mary an annuity of £lo. Mentions 
sons John and Edward, and daughters Mary, wife of James 
Loosemore; Ann, wife of Henry Smyth; and Jane Sanger. 

Proved 13th July, 1763. 

1837. The last Will of Roger Densham of Middlecot, in 
Morchard Bishop, 4th Dec, 1836. He leaves his son Roger 
Densham all his lands, inclusive of " Hodges Middlecot and 
Wreford's Middlecot," both in said parish. Mentions wife Ann 
Densham, sons Ricliard and William, daughters Mary and 
Agnes; grandsons, children of said William, William, Roger, 
John, and Henry Densham. 

Proved Jan. 18th, 1837. 




1413-14. The last Will of William Langeton, made at the 
Bishop's House, Manor of Clyst, 29th of January, 1413. 

He desires to be buried on the right or left side of the tomb 
of Edmund, then Bishop of Exeter, in Exeter Cathedral, 
and leaves to the library of the said church five books, entitled 
"A Body of Civil Law," to remain in said library for ever. 
He bequeaths to the parish church of " Wellys," nigh " Wal- 
syngliam," in diocese of Norwich, one missal, one ordinal, 
and one book known as " The Apple of the Eye," as well 
as a set of vestments for priest, deacon, and sub deacon, to be 
purchased by Exors. at a cost of ;^io. A set of vestments 
for priests, value 40s., to the parish church of " Rokeby," 
diocese of Coventry and Lichfield. The same to church of 
" Warbytton," and to Collegiate Church of Boseham, to the 
parish church of " Wysbergh " (Wisborough, near Billingshurst), 
all in diocese of Chichester. To Collegiate Church of Ottery 
St. Mary, diocese of Exon. 

He leaves all the profits of his prebend of " Prustecomb," 
due at the time of his death, to the fabric of the nave of 
the Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross at Crediton, now 
ruinous {jam fere ad terrain prostrate). A set of vestments to 
the church of Southpole, diocese of Exeter. 

To the poor of the parish of " Wellys " (Wells next-the- 
sea) £1 6s. 8d., and to those of the parish of " Wysbergh," 
of my prebends of " Westbrok and Appeldurham," of the 
parish of " Warbytton," and of " my church" of Southpole, 20s. 
each. To William Pole, one silver cup, with its cover, standing 


on three feet in form of lions; to chaplain, John Wylle, "ad 
orandmn," etc. ; to the chaplains, clerks, and boys of the 
Episcopal Chapel at Exeter, ;^5 ; to the Bishop of Exeter's 
domestic servants, £'i ; to Margaret, wife of John Arderiie, a 
scarlet jupon, trimmed with fur. 

Residue to Exors. John Schute, vicar of Paignton (" Peyng- 
ton ") and John Arderne, Esq., to be applied for two or 
three years to the education of '• William Portour, my little 
son," and afterward " for the health of my soul and of those 
of all the faithful departed." 

(The collated will is in Latin throughout). 

Proved 7th Feb. 141 3- 14. 

Under ;^2I2. 

Note. — The "tomb" in which "Edmund, Bishop of Exeter" lies 
buried was evidently prepared some \ears before that prelate's death, 
which occurred 3rd September, 1419. 

This prelate was Edmund, son and heir of Sir Richard Stafford, Lord 
Stafford of CliftonCamville, near Tamwortii, and was a relative, either 
uncle or cousin, of the reverend tes'ator, who died on the same day his 
will was executed. 

The Bishop had a brodier, Sir Thomas Stafford, who left a daughter, 
the wife of Sir John Arderne of Elford ; their son, John Arderne, 
was evidently the Exor. named in the Canon's will, and also his 

From between the hands of Canon Langeton's counterfeit present- 
ment on his beautiful brass at Exeter, proceeds a precatory scroll, 
" Lord Jesu, do not judge me according to my act." That deceased 
possibly did not believe in the presumed celibacy of the clergy, is 
sufficiently evident by the mention of his " little son," for whose 
education he made due provision, although the expression "Ji/io/iis'' 
as used by the clergy, lias been held to bear a more spiritual signi- 
fication. The cope on the figure of the deceased churchman is 
profusely ornamented with the Stafford knot. 

1445-46. The last Will of John Carnell, Clerk, arch-priest 
of Haccombe, nth September, 1445. Desirts to be buried 
in the chancel of Haccombe Church. 

He bequeaths 20s. and his "cow in calf" "to find a light 
for the image of St. Blase." Small benefactions for pious uses 
to the altar of St. Nicholas in Ringmore Chapel ; to the 
fraternity of St. George in Stok-eintiiihead ; and of tlie 
"Blessed Mary" at Combeintinhead ; St. Michael, of Newton 
Abbot; St. Piran in Zabulo ; the Trinity of St. Sithncy ; 


St. Mary, of Camborne ; St. Winnery ; St. Michael ; all in 

For similar uses, he leaves his own " portiphory " (pro- 
cessional banner) and that of " Mr Richard Olyver," to pray 
for his soul. 

"Ivory white gown, trimmed with beaver fur," to George 

Bequests to servant Henry Router, Mary, his wife, and to 
John Router, '' filiolo ineo" (see note to Canon Langeton's 
will, A.D. 141 3, ante), to servant "Michael" and to Richard 

An ivory white gown, trimmed with otter, and a cap of 
the same, to Sir John Lorde, chaplain. A blood colour gown 
and cap to Canon Sir John Byllyck, a gown of crimson to 
Canon John Stephens, of Holj'well. To Richard, Canon of 
Coffinswell ; John Jule, Vicar of St. Mary Church ; Emma, 
mother of George Doune ; Juliana, wife of John Vele of 
Kingsbridge ; Alice, wife of Nicholas Stephyn of Exeter ; 
Isabella, wife of Thomas Skinner of Dartmouth, small 

George Doune to have eight marks per annum and a pipe 
of cider to celebrate for his soul continually in Haccombe 

Residue to said George Doune, Nicholas Stephyn, Robert 
Seaward, and Henry Router, who are joint Exors. 

Proved 12th Feb, 1445-46. 

Note — The Arch-presbytery of Haccombe, one of the smallest 
parishes in England, with a population of seven or eight inhabitants, 
was founded in 1341 by Sir John L'Ercedekne, Kt., as an establish- 
ment for an arch-priest and five canons, who were, in fact, Chantry 
priests, The above Testator was admitted as "Arch-priest" upon 
the nomination of Sir Nicholas Carew (an account of whose family 
will be found in part iii., post), 31st July, 1434. 

1594. The last will of Joan Fry, of High Bickingtoii, 10th 
July, 159+ 

Makes sister, Emma Fry, universal legatee and sole Exor. 
Proved by Executrix, 20th July, 1594. 


1601. (Memorandum). Administration to the goods of 
Matthew Fry, late of the city of Exeter, was granted in tlie 
Principal Registry, 20th June, 1601. 

Admon. to the goods of Christopher Fry, of the City of Exon, 
was granted in the same registry, in 1703, but the bond is now 


1601. (MayJ. The last Will, nuncupative, of George 
Mortimer, alias Tanner, of Pillaven, in the parish of Witheridge, 
Yeoman, i8th of May, 1601. His effects to be sold and debts 
paid, and the surplus over and above to be given to his 
" daughter " Margaret. 

His sons, Lewis and Methuselah, to be joint Exors. 

Proved 28th May, 1601. 

1603. Inventory of the effects of John Mortimer, of Totnes, 
exhibited lOth September, 1603. 
Extracts : — 

"Item owing from Roger Mortimer ... ... 40s. 

"OneCloke £l. 

" „ Doublett 5s- 

" „ pair of hose ... ... ... ... ■•• 5s- 

"Two hatts and hatt bands 20s. 

"One rapier and ponyarde... ... ... ... 6s. Sd. 

"A girdle and paire of hangers 2s. 

"A paire of busgyns ... ... ... ... 2S. 

" Item in Allin Bartlett's hands, one golde ringe 

of three gymmes ... ... ... ... 15s- 

"Item, five yardes of stripe stuff ... 12s." 

Note. — "Busgyns." — From the reign of Henry V., Buskins, or 
shore boots, called by the French bottincs, may be traced. In the 
seventeenth centuiy these wide-topped boots were generally used for 
riding, and they usually had a very curious clog or false sole, and were 
excessively high heeled, and must have been most uncomfortable for 
pedestrian purposes. 


1608. The last Will, nuncupative, of Margaret Mor- 
timer, alias Tanner, of Witheridge, Spinster, dated 29th March, 
1608. She leaves her money to sisters Susan and Anne 
Mortimer, alias Tanner, and to sister, Frances Harwood. 

Residue to brother Lewis, who is sole Exor. 

Proved 4th April, 1608. 

Refer to May, 1601, ante. 

1617. The last Will of Andrew Mortymer of Sandford, 20th 
February, i6th James. He leaves "my wife" rent charge on 
land in Crediton and Cheriton Fitz Pain, terminable on the 
life of Thomas Mortymore, charged with an annuity of i^5 
to son, John Mortymer. 

Trustees, in minority of said son, William Bremridge and 
Wm. Esworthy. Residue to wife (name not given) who is 
Sole Executrix. 

Proved 20th March, 16 17. 

Note. — This Will was proved again, thirty-two years later, by "my 
wife's " second husband. (See ante, p. 189.) 

1623. The last Will of Thomas Rattenbury of North 
Tamertoii, in the county of Cornwall, Gentleman, June 
24lh, 1605. 

All lands and tenements, situated in parish of St. Breage, 
to wife Maijnr)- and to her heirs. To poor of North Tamerton, 
20s., and to the churchwardens of the parish of Bridgrule in 
countj' of Devon, the sum of 20s., to be lent from time 
to time to some " poor man or maid " of the east side of 
said parish, born or married in it, for one, two, or three years, 
at the discretion of said churchwardens, etc., and so to be 
continued from time to time. 

Bequests to godchildren Thomas Hooper and Francis 
Rattenbury, to daughter-in-law Marj' Worther, and to sister 
Joan Bounde's children ; to brother Edward Rattenbur}-, 20s. 

Residue to said wife, who is Sole Executri.x. 


Overseers, biotliers-in-law, Jnhii and Wm. Hijoper. To be 
described on tomb-stone as " Captain Thomas Rattenhur)-. 
Proved Nov. i iili, 1623. 

Note. — The bequest of 20s. for the benefit of certain parishioners 
of Bridgerule is not noticed in the report of the Charity Com- 

1627. Memorandum that on St. James's day last past 
(25th July, 1627), John Mortymt r of Exbourne made his 
last Will, nuncupative, in maner and forme followinge : — To 
daughter Mary he left one great crocke and one brass panne, 
and 40s. a year during the life of James Mort)-mer ; her 
brother and the said James to be Sole Exors. 

Witnesses, William Weekes, George Bond, Dorothy Baker. 

Proved, loth August, 1627. 

Sum, ;^I38 i6s. 4d. 

163 1. The last Will of Nickolle Sanner of Buckfastleigh, 
Widow (no date). Legacies to Elizabeth, daughter of Peter 
Putteven and to Grace Puttevcn, inclusive of "one brason 
krocke and one limbricke thereto belonginge." 

Residue to sons, Peter and Robert Putteven, who are Sole 

No Act. Endorsed 163 1. 

Note. — The " Limbricke,' properly Limbeck, derived from 
" alembicus " ; i.e., alembic was the distillatory appliance which fitted 
the crock, and was used for the manufacture of what was, and is, 
locally termed " still liqours," that is spirit from the dregs of cider. 

1634. The last Will of John Mortymore of Faringdon, 
15th May, 1634. Legacies to grandchild Abigail Trewant; to 
Mary, Edward, and Joan Streat ; to Mar}-, daughter of son 
George Mortymer ; to son Robert Mort\mer ; to daughter 
Grace Trewant; to son-in-law, Edward Streat, and Christian, 
his wife. 

Residue to wife, Christian Mortymore, who is Sn'e Executrix. 

Proved i ith June, 1634. 

Witnesses, John Force and Richard Presforde. 


1640. The last Will of Richard Grenvile of Norcott, 
in the parisli of Pougbill and countj' of Cornwall, Gentleman, 
6th March, 1637. 

Mentions wife " Garthered," daughter Grace Grenvile, and 
brother-in-law Lewis Enckledon of Braunton. 

Residue to son, Chamond Grenvile, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved 22nd May, 1640. 

Note. — "Enckledon" — The Incledons of Incledon, in parish of 
Braunton, were settled there as early as the year 1160. 

Testator married Gertrude, one of the daughters of Lewis Incledon 
of Braunton, by his second wife, Wilmot, daughter of Andrew 
Pomeroy of Colyton. Her brother, Lewis Incledon, was of Buckland, 
in Braunton, an estate purchased by his ancestor " Godfrey Incledon, 
from Adam de Wickloe, in 1319." Testator was the second son of 
George, a brother of Sir George Grenvile, Kt., grandson of Digory 
Grenvile of Penheale, by his wife, Philippa Gough. Said Digory 
was third son of Roger Grenvile of Stowe and Bideford, known as 
"the great housekeeper," the direct descendant of Richard de 
Grenvile, Earl of Corbeil and Granville, in Normandy, son of 
" Hamon of the teeth," and the follower of William the Conqueror. 
(See my " Bideford " (Notes Genealogical and Historical), p. 2r.) 

1648. The last Will of Agnes Fry of Bratton Fleming, 
Widow, 14th May, 1648. She leaves the interest of her 
money, during their minority, to the two children of 
Thomas Reed ; the principal, as soon as they have attained 
their majority, to be given to the poor of Bratton Fleming, 
unless said Thomas Reed undertakes the responsibilities of 
the estate. 

Said Thomas Reed is appointed Sole Exor. 

Proved 9th June, 1648. 

Note. — There is no reference to such a bequest in the report of 
the Charity Commission. 

1649. Admon. to the effects of Nicholas Sanger of Marians- 
leigh, granted 6th May, 1649, to Amy, his widow. 
Sum .1^199 7s. id. 


1672. The last Will of Robert Tanner, alias Mortimere, 
of Cruse Morchard, Yeoman, 7th November, 1672. 

To the poor of Cruse Morchard, 20s. Legacies to Jesse 
Parker, to Sarah and her sister Jane (T. alias M.) of Crecombe ; 
to Agnes Kelland, the elder ; to John Handford's wife. To 
Robert Tanner of Crecombe, and to Jane Shapcot, a silver 
spoon each. To Grace Agnes (the younger), Mary and Jone 
Kelland, 20s. each. To Alice Webber, servant to John Brad- 
ford, the elder, of Poughill. To John Hradford, the younger, 
" one silver beare bowle." To John Tanner, alias Mortimere, 
of Cruse Morchard, £20. Residue to servant, Alice Thomas, 
who is Sole Executrix. 

The gift of a silver spoon to Jane Shapcote is revoked b}- 
Codicil dated Sth January, 1672-73. 

Witnesses, John Melhuish and John Bradford. 

No act of Proof. Inventory exhibited 7th February, 1672. 

Note — The witness, "John Melhuish " of Stockleigh, was brother of 
Thomas Melhuish, Esq., of Hill, in Cruse Morchard, who married Jane 
Courtenay ; said Thomas was great-grandfather of that Richard Mel- 
huish of Poughill Barton who married the heiress of Bremridge in 
1775. (See ante, note p. 189.) 

1674. The last Will of Henry Grenfeilde of Truro, Gen- 
tleman, /th July, 1674. 

He leaves his leasehold propert}- in Kenwyn, held under 
Richard, Lord Arundell, and Hugh Boscawen, to his son 
Henry. Residue to wife Barsheba, who is Sole Executrix. 

Proved loth September, 1674. 

1677. Administration to the effects of Philip Fry of 
Hatherleigh, granted 4th July, 166S, to Anthony Fry of 
Crediton, his son. 

1697. The last Will of James Fry of Milton Damarell, 
i8th Jul)-, 1605, Mentions sons, James, Thomas, Henry, and 
William Fi)- ; daughters, Barbara, Anstice, Mary, and Sarah. 
Re.'^iilue to wife, Sarah Fry, who is sole Executrix. 

Proved 23rd November, 1697. 


1699. Admon. to the effects o{ Elias Sanger, of Marians- 
leigh, granted 22nd August, 1699, to Roger, his son. John 
Sanger, of the same, yeoman, joins the Bond. 

1726. The last Will of Chamond " Granville," Rector of 
Kilkhampton, 29th Sept., 1720. 

He leaves his brothers, Richard and John, 5s. each. Men- 
tions his "Cosins" Gartrude and Catherine Granville. 

He leaves Poughill Mills to kinsman, Robert Granville, 
after death of Executrix. Residue to wife Rebecca, who is 
sole Executrix. 

Proved nth Nov., 1726. 

Seal — Three organ rests. 

No IE. — Arms of Granville, gu., three rests, or. These arms are 
found on the seal of Richard Grenvile of Kilkhami)ton and Bide- 
foril, erroneously called "Thomas" in the Visit Fed., who died in 

It will be noticed that Testator was rector of Kilkhampton (the 
right of presentation to which church had been established by Sir 
Richard Grenvile in 1242); he was grandson of Richard Grenvile 
(Will proved 1640, ante), and married Rebecca, d.sughter of Rev. A. 
Sleeinan, s.p. "Kinsman Robert" of "Poughill Mills" was his 
nephew, son of brother Richard, a beneficiare under the Will, but 
who died some months before testator, April, 1725. "Gartrude and 
Catherine " were Testator's nieces, and sisters of said Robert. 

1754. The last Will of Southcomb Sanger of Marleigh, 
7th Januarj', 1754. He leaves certain houses in Landkey to 
brother John Sanger, and his brothers-in-law John Hill and 
John Kemp, in trust for his daughter Ann, wife of William 
Mogford. Legacies to Elizabeth Zeal, and to Dorothy, 
Mary, and Joan Hill, and to John Hill, children of John 
Hill of Withypoole. 20s. each parish to the poor of Landkey 
and Marley. 

Residue to brother John Sanger, who is Sole Exor. 

Proved ist November, 1754. 

"Admon. de bonis iion" of above, by John Sanger, the Exor., 
deceased, granted to John Sanger, 2nd June, 1788. 


1788. Admon. to the effects of John Sanger of Marians 
leigh, deceased, granted 2nd June, 17SS, to John, his son. 
Under ;^300. 

1794. The last Will of Diana Mortimer of Ringniore, 
St. Nicholas, Widow, 25th May, 1792. To brother Nicholas 
Watts, and brother-in-law John Mortiniore, leasehold dwelling 
house, interest to pay the rents to daughters, Diana, wife of 
John Hugo of Newton, ami Mary Mortimer. To said daughters 
and to daughter-in-law Elizabeth Mortimer, six guineas each 
for mourning. To sister Elizabeth Fo.\, £2 2s. Re.-,idue to 
son William Mortimer, and his heirs. 

Witnesses, Henry Bulle}-, Jam 's Crockwell, and Mary 

Proved loth April, 1794. 

Note.—" Henry Bulley." — For note as to the Bulley family of St. 
Nicholas, &c., a branch of " Bolhay," of Blackborough Bolhay, 
see my " Devonshire Parishes," vol. ii., p. 267. 

Testatrix was the second wife of William, brother of Joseph Mortimer, 
and of John Mortimer, named in the will. 

1799. The last Will of Juseph Mortimer of St, Nicholas 
(Ringmore), Mariner, May 14th, 176S. He leaves his house 
with furniture and stock-in-trade, viz., " ships, boats, lighters, 
and craft" to wife for life, with reversion to daughter Mary, 
with a moiety of the "clay trade." To daughter Charlotte, 
his share in the new clay house at Hackney in King- 
steignton, and another third part to daughter Elizabetli. 
Remainder of all rights in above, with certain property in 
Kingsteignton, to son Joseph, and his heirs for ever. 

Residue to said wife, Elizabeth IMortimer, who is Sole 

Proved 24th June, 1779. 

Note. — Testator's daughter Charlotte married William Branscombe 
of Newton Abbot, and her daughter, Charlotte Branscombe, was the 
wife of Edward Granville. (Refer to Note, p. 2 85, and to p. 229 for 
the Branch. Son Hugh Mortimer is there misprintid " Sir.") 

Testator died at Ringmore (Shatdon), Mirch yih, 1777.— .£. 46. 





We are told by an old writer that " by the custom of England, 
nobility is either major or minor. The first comprehends all 
titles and degrees from knighthood upwards, and the latter all 
from barons downwards." But, although families that can trace 
themselves to some forefather who commenced a pedigree at 
one or other of the Herald's Visitations have undoubtedly 
gentle position in right of "ancestry," such is scarcely superior 
to the status of those who have been made " gentle " by the 
operation of a modern grant of arms, and our " county 
gentry," as it is the fashion now to term, somewhat indis- 
criminately, all who happen to be provincial landowners, are 
by no means univer.sally of real "gentle" extraction, or even 
position, at all, and, in the majority of instances, have certainly 
no claim to rank themselves amongst the " minor nobility," for 
such distinction can only be fairly claimed by those who are 
able to show their descent from such personages as,' under the 
feudal system, held their lands directl)' from the Crown or under 
some great lord paramount — a stringent qualification which, it 
is to be feared, is too much overlooked at the present day, 
when it has come to be rather generally considered that 


anyone wlio can live without manual labour, even a trades- 
man apart from his business and in the seclusion of his 
suburban villa, is entitled to write himself "gentleman." But 
there are many, it is satisfactory to sa)% who are quite aware 
of the absurdity of this contention, and who are therefore 
increasingly anxious to ascertain their real claims to hereditary 
distinction or the reverse, hence it is that modern genealogical 
compilations are received with interest, and have their uses 
to searchers after truth, on account of the valuable informa- 
tion they convey from the necessaril)- unerring evidence of 
contemporary records. 

However much people may be in possession of historic 
houses, or of ancient manors, by purchase from their original 
owners, the social position of the latter has b}- no means 
passed with their acres, besides which veiy nian_\- miscalled 
" county residences " of the present day are of importance 
only on the score of antiquity, their original owners having 
never had the least pretension to style themselves " gentle- 
men," and it may safely be added, any wish to do so either. 

The advent of the House of Tudor was a death blow to 
the prestige of our ancient county gentry as a whole. A few 
families survived for ages, comparatively very few indeed 
have retained their ancient position and importance to the 
present time, hence it is that the genealogies of the " minor 
nobility" are not to be found, to an\- appreciable extent, in 
modern compilations upon " Landed Gentrs- " or " County 
Families." If for " gentry," the word " proprietors " were 
substituted, the first title would be much less misleading 
than the second. It is therefore in extension of my original 
plan that I have been induced to offer in the following 
pages a limited number of West Country genealogies. Some 
of the families I have selected in illustration of my con- 
tention, have perhaps not the same stake in the country that 
their ancestors enjoyed formerly ; but, although their ancient 
local importance, lilce their lands, may have diminished in the 
course of centuries, they still have their long line of ancestrj- 
to rely upon, and can mostly claim the proud distinction of 
an inheritance of English minor nobilit\- — a trul)- \-aluabIe 
privilege at the present day. 


The feudal tenures ceased to convey much of their ancient 
importance upon their owners, primarily, in consequence of 
deliberate efforts of the Kin^s Henry VII. and VIII. to depress 
the great families and to create a new body of so-called 
" gentry," principally out of the higher orders of merchants ; 
and the latter, as the late Professor Froude has observed, were 
thus " able to root themselves in the land by the side of the 
Norman nobilit}', first to rival, and then slowly to displace 
them." (See also my " Ashburton and its Neighbourhood," 
p. 150.) 

These merchants recorded their petligrees at the visitation 
courts, and thus founded what I may term modern gentle 
iiouses. Although the first "visitation" to ascertain the 
descent of families is said, upon the authority of a note to 
MS. Harlcian, 1 196, to have been held in 1412, many years 
before the actual incorporation of the Kings of Arms and 
Heralds, j'et such courts were practicall}' commenced by 
commission dated 20th Henry VIII. (1528-9); Cornwall, by 
Benolle, Clarencieu.K King of Arms, 1530, is one of the 
earliest. They are said to have been persevered in as a result 
of the dissolution of monasteries, which commenced in 1535, 
and which had hitherto been the repositories of genealogical 
records. Afterward they were continued at intervals of 
about a quarter of a century, in some cases as late as 1686. 
The Devonshire " Visitations " are dated 1531, 1564, 1572, and 
1620 rcspectivel)-. The original, of the several copies, of 
the last is preserved amongst the M.S. Harleian (Briti.-^h 
Museum;, Nos. 1 163-4. 

Although these " visitations " are taken as legal evidence of 
descent, some of the pedigrees will not bear comparison 
with ancient family records, and, whilst the dates are often 
exceedingly unreliable, there are manj' positive anachronisms. 
Thus, in one pedigree, already sufficiently referred to in the 
notes to the foregoing wills (Worthe of Worth), Robert W., 
who is mentioned in a famil)- deed of 1167, is made the 
father of his descendant in the ninth generation, Thomas W., 
who flourished in 14 10, and there are dozens of similar 
instances that have f.dlen under my own observation from 
time to time. 

DE I -QNSII/A'E Wll. LS. j i ; 

All the gentry of the seveiMJ counties were duly summoned 
to these courts by a circular letter from the Earl Marshal, 
a'ldressed to the Lords Lieutenants after 1549, and were 
required to " register tlieir arms, pedigrees, marriages, and 
issue," and the Kings of Arms and Heralds who presided 
were required " to reprove, confroiite, and make infamous 
by proclamation all such as unlawfully and without just 
authority doe usurp or take upon them any n une or 
title of honour or dignity as esquire or gentleman." There 
was, moreover, a special summons fr(jm the Heraldic Com- 
missioners themselves directed to the bailiff of each hundred, 
commanding them " on sight thereof to require all knights, 
esquires, and gentlemen to appear before them personally, and 
to bring with them such arms and crests as they use or 
bear with their pedigree and descent, and such other evidence 
as will justify the same." 

Doubtless, many families of incontestably social status re- 
garded the whole system not only as a very great nuisance, 
but as a method of involving them in unnecessary expense, 
and therefore, as long as their general descent was sufficientl)' 
clear to satisfy the heralds, the\- did not trouble themselves 
much about detail, and hence both the omissions and ana- 
chronisms to which I have referred ; at all events the officers 
of arms, who presided at these courts, do not appear to have 
taken the trouble to enforce absolute accuracy, and may well 
be considered, save in their refusals <.f palpably flagrant niis- 
statcuuitts, to have looked chiefly to their fees. 

Anyone who neglected to appear in response to an heraldic 
summons was liable to prosecution in the Earl Marshal's 
court, and to fine or imprisonment for contempt of its orders 
or decisions. Thus, down to the end of the reign of 
Charles II., the precise position of everyone was thoroughK' 
understood, and anyone who merely presumed upon a fezv 
generations of aflluence to assert "gentility" at a visitation 
court was not only registered as " ignoble," but had to pay 
the customary court fees for such a very unsatisfactory 
result, as is sufficiently evident by the lists of such "dis- 
claimers," as they are called, which are found annexed to 
the "visitation" records. The "Feudal Services" were 


finally abolished by Act of Parliament of I2th Charles 
II., and English society has constantly become more and 
more " mixed " ever since the accession of William of 

With respect to Devonshire, which is only exceeded in area 
by York and Lincoln, there are one or two families still resident 
upon their ancient properties for whom Saxon origin has been 
claimed, notably Kelly of Kelly (See post) and Coffin of 
Portledge ; but the latter, although, as in numerous similar 
instances, their name has been preserved by royal license, has 
been long extinct, in elder male line at all events. The 
Chafes, formerly of Chafecombe and Exeter, undoubtedly held 
their lands from Saxon times, but were nevertheless of 
Norman origin ; but their descent will be found on a sub- 
sequent page. The condition of the county towards the end 
of the eleventh century will be better understood by reference 
to my " Analysis of the Exeter Domesday,' which I prepared 
originally for the 1878 edition of "White's Devonshire," and 
which has been subsequently included in fresh issues of that 
work. From this it will be seen that the Conqueror, who first 
arrived in Devonshire in the spring of 1068 and reduced the 
city of Exeter, then partitioned the land amongst his Norman 
followers, save in a very few instances, of which the manor 
of Kelly was, to a certain extent merely, an example. It 
was actually given to the King's half-brother, the Earl of 
Mortain, but it was held under the latter by a Saxon called 

Amongst the present landowners of the county, the name 
of Bastard only is identical with that of one of the Conqueror's 
grantees, " Robert le Bastard," but there is no actual evidence 
in existence that the owner of Kitley and Buckland Court 
is in reality his descendant. For a few generations Robert's 
posterit}' resided at Efford, one of the nine manors assigned 
to him by the Domesday record ; but there is an hiatus 
of about a century and a half between the last Bastard of 
Efford and the " Thomas Bastard " who was registered as 
the ancestor of the family at the visitation of 1620. In the 
earlier visitations of the county the Bastards claimed but 
three descents from the grandson of this Thomas, and it is 


probable that the two generations in the later pedigree were 
a mere addition to the original visitation of 1564. 

The Fulfords, still of Great Fulford, are, with the utmost 
probability, the descendants of the Norman sub-tenant of 
Folefort under Baldwin, Baron of Okehampton, and it is 
possible that the said " sub-tenant " was a brother of 
" Richard," who similarly held Belston under the same 
Baldwin, and that both were the natural ofifspring of the 
latter powerful noble. William Fulford was certainly of 
Fulford in the reign of King Stephen. His grandson married 
the great granddaughter of Richard of Belston, and the name 
of " Baldwin " has been constantly preserved in successive 
generations of this ancient famil)^ (See post^ 

The Fortescues and the Courtenays have been settled in 
Devonshire since the twelfth century, and a long chapter upon 
the Courtenay lineage and descent will be found in my 
" Suburbs of Exeter." By marriage they represent the lords 
of the two Norman baronies of Okehampton and Plympton, 
and, by maternal descent from the latter, still hold the Earl- 
dom of Devon. 

Amongst those families which date their residence in the 
county from the thirteenth century, the names of Chichester, 
Carew, Cary, Fursdon, and Acland may be included, whilst the 
Cliffords, Calmadys, Woolcombes, and several others were not 
known in Devonshire before the sixteenth. Such names as 
Ashford, Arscot, Bury, Ball, Bidlake, Bruton, Cockram, Cooke, 
Giles, Haydon, Hele, Hunt, Herniman, Horton, Hulse, Mel- 
huish, and, I may safely say, hundreds of others have long 
ceased to figure in modern works of " County " reference, but 
are by no means extinct nevertheless. 

Amongst the "County Families of the United Kingdom," 
in a well-known and popular work, some four hundred names 
are set down in the portion assigned to Devon. For the 
term "county families," some other description might at the 
present day be more consistentU- substituted, or it should be 
properly extended to include all of ordinary position who 
may happen to reside in Devonshire. As it is, the list is 
necessarily full of invidious distinctions, although doubtless 
the whole of the families so described wA only claim to 


be " county people," but are frequently disposed to assert 
superiority over such of their nei^dibours as may have escaped 
notice in the volume I refer to, but whose ancestors, never- 
theless, were in many cases the landlords, and not unfrequently 
the absolute masters, of many of the pseudo "county families" 
of to-da}'. Out of the whole four hundred in the list re- 
ferred to, the number that can truly claim the respectable 
antiquity of, let us say, three centuries, inclusive of those true 
" fathers of Devon " I have incidentally mentioned above, is 
considerably under forty ; and it is an unhappy fact that of the 
two hundred and odd families and their several branches who 
were of county rank in Devon three centuries ago, less than 
two dozen names are to be found amongst the present county 
magistrates. The nnjority of the ancient houses and manors 
have fallen, and are still constantly falling, into stranger 
hands. The descendnnts of their old owners are fighting the 
battle of life in the cities and in the colonies of this great 
empire, but are by no means either regardless or ignorant of 
their origin, and are ever increasingly careful to preserve it. 

With these preliminary remarks upon the jjresent social 
condition of the most popular of our English counties, for 
there are few that are not proud to claim connection with 
the land that produced " Drake, Hawkins, Frobisher, and 
Raleigh," with the land that, as an old writer says, "is 
inferior to few for worth, and only second (now third) for 
largeness to any in this island — extending from sea to sea, with 
Somersetshire and Dorsetshire for her friendly neighbours," I 
will proceed to offer my readers some particulars of a few of 
the most ancient h luses of the west. 


The Chafys derive their name from their ancient heritage, 
" Chafecombe," now Chaffcombe, near Chard, which is the 
"ceaf cumbe " (in English, the light or breezy valle)-) of the 
Saxon period, and which was held by their ancestor, Hug.i the 


Thegn, or Thane, in the days of Ethelred "the Unread)'," 
and by his son, Raynald Fitz-Hugh, in those of Edward '' the 

But although the Chafys can tlius trace back with unerring 
certainly to a period long anterior to tlie Conquest, and so 
justify the assertion inscribed on the ancient tomb of one of 
them in Devonshire, as to his own identity with the " per- 
antiqua " race of the Chafes of Chafecombe (see Post, p. 326), 
yet they are not, paternally at least, of Saxon origin, 
which at once accounts for their continued possession of 
Chafecombe under Norman rule, for though their representative 
then nominally became sub-tenant under the Bishop of Cou- 
tance, he practically remained the owner of the land of his 
ancestors under the newly-devised feudal system. This was 
" Ralph Fitz-Reginald," the grandson of Hugo or liugh, 
whose own names and those of his immediate posterity and 
their adoption of the Norman " Fitz " as expressive of their 
parentage, sufficiently prove that the long prevalent idea as 
to the "Saxon origin of the Chafecombe family" is as erroneous 
as the position of its earliest ascertained members in Saxon 
England is unique and interesting. 

" Hugo," who is said by many of his English detractors to 
have been of "mean origin, and the son of a French churl," 
was the confidential adviser of Emma of Normandy, second 
wife of King Ethelred, and came to England in her train in 
the year 1002. It is a well-known historical fact that the 
constant incursions of the Danes, which marked that period, 
were secretly encouraged by the Queen, who detested the 
English and despised her husband, whom she had married 
purely from political motives. That her Norman follower 
was faithful to her, to her second husband, King Knut the 
Dane, and to her children, is shown by his retention of his 
property at Chafecombe under Saxons, Danes, and Normans, 
and although King Edward the Confessor had suffered for 
some quarter of a century by the interpolation of the Danish 
dynasty, he evidently recognised the fidelity Hugo had 
evinced towards his ro3'al mother. 

With the title of Ealdorman, or Earl, Hugo was sent into 
the West very soon after the arri\-al of Queen Emma. He 


had secret instructions, which he seems to have followed 
implicitly, and which resulted in the siege of Exeter by 
Sweyn, to whom the garrison, under the command of Earl 
Hugo, capitulated 19th August, 1003. The fortifications were 
demolished, the people were put to the sword, and the 
memory of the " Norman governor," who left with the 
besiegers, was long held in execration. Exeter was betrayed, 
says Hovenden, who wrote in the reign of Henry H., through 
" perjii7-hun, et proditioneni, Noriiianici coinitis, Qiiein Emma 
Domnanice prceficerat." 

The term " Ealdorman " was subsequently supplanted by 
"Thegn," and we next hear of Hugo as "Thegn of Chaffcombe" 
during the reign of Ethelred, which continued until April, 
A.D. 1016. His son, Reginald "Eitz-Hugo" is shown by the 
Domesday record to have been joint-owner of the " vill of 
Chaffecunibe on the day King Edward was alive and dead," that 
is to say on 5th January, 1065-66. He had also a separate manor 
in that parish, and other lands, quite independently of his joint 
holding. At the Norman conquest King William gave the 
whole of the Chafecombe property to his Chief Justiciary and 
powerful favourite, Jeffery, Bishop of Coutance, in Normandy, 
who, however, permitted "Ralph Fitz-Reginald " to succeed 
his father in the "whole township" as "sub-tenant." The 
latter's son, Robert Fitz-Ralph, succeeded to the lands held 
by his ancestor, Reginald Fitz-Hugh, and is described as 
" Lord of Chaffecumbe," and as holding lands of the King- 
in-Chief to the value of one knight's fee, in the reign of 
Henry I. 

From the " Black Book of the Exchequer," we learn tliat 
his son and successor, " Ranulph Fitz-Robert," owned the 
manor lands together with the town of Chafecombe and the 
perpetual advowson and right of presentation to the parish 
church in the following reign, and that the Lord of Chafe- 
combe in the time of Hemy H. was Robert Fitz-Ranulph, 
who had a younger brother known as " Ranulph Fitz- 

Robert, Lord of Chafecombe, had an only child, Agnes, 
who was "Lady of Chaffecumbe" in her own right. By 
her first husband, who bore the well-known Devonshire name 


of Avenel, she had two daughters, co-heirs, Emma and 
Margery. She married secondly one of the Justices in Eyre, 
John de Aure, and had by him a third daughter, Margaret, 
and a son, John de Aure, who died in his mother's h'fe- 
time and without issue. 

The line of Emma of Chafecombe, the eldest co-heir, 
terminated with Idonea de Insula, her great-granddaughter, 
in the reign of Edward I. Margery had issue only by her 
second husband, Philip de Cantilupe, a family now maternally 
represented by Lord de la Warr, and well known in this 
county in connection with Broadhempston. Her son and 
heir, Balderic de Cantilupe, is mentioned in legal proceedings 
connected with the advowson of Cliafecombe in i.'275, being 
then in his minority. Margaret de Aure, the third co-heir, 
had two sons, John and Odo. They are also mentioned in 
law proceedings as late as the years 1294 and 1295. 

Between these co-heirs and their representatives the lord- 
ship of Chafecombe seems to have become divided, although 
there was a certain amount of interpleading on the part of 
" Robert Fitz-Ranulph." The latter is the ancestor of the 
present race of Chafy and Chafife ; he was the son and heir 
of " Ranulph Fitz-Ranulph," already mentioned as younger 
brother of the Lord of Chafecombe and uncle of Agnes, 
the inheritrix of the property. His father had received, for 
his younger son's portion, " one carrucate of land in Chaffe- 
cumbe," as shown by existing documents. The son of 
Robert Fitz-Ranulph is especially noteworthy as being the 
first of the family who assumed a regular surname, which 
was, of course, derived from his property. As " Thomas 
Chafe " of Chafecombe, he was seized of land " of the 
inheritance of Robert, his father." He married Matilda, 
daughter of Andrew de Bosco (Anglicc, Boys) of Knolle, 
Co. Somerset, and died in 12S1. His widow recovered the 
custody of his son and heir, Thomas Chafe, against a certain 
cleric known as William de St. Esprit, in 12S4. 

This Thomas Chafe of Chafecombe married Christina, 
daughter and heir of Robert de Mandevill, youngest son of 
Geoffry de Magna Villa (Steward of Normandy in right of 
his mother, Margaret, daughter of Eudo Dapifer), by his 


wife Rohesia, daughter of the Chief Justice of Englaml 
Alberic de Vere. Geoffry de Magna Villa was the first 
Earl of Essex so created by King Stephen and confirmed 
by the Empress Maud. He was afterwards in rebellion 
against the King and plundered the abbeys of St. Albans 
and Ramsey ; ultimately, during a raid on a Kentish castle, 
he was shot through the head with an arrow, having 
discarded his helmet in consequence of the heat of the sun. 
His granddaughter, Christina Chafe, seems to have been 
dowered with lands in Somerset since known as Kingston 
Mandevill, and which were sold by her husband in or about 
the year 1 310. She had two sons, the }-oungest being 
called Andrew. 

The eldest brother of the last named left three daughters 
co-heirs, who divided the lands their father had held in 
Chafecombe about the middle of the fourteenth centur}-. 
Their uncle, Andrew Chafe, who was .seized of lands in 
Chafecumbe, seems to have died at Bridgewater subsequently 
to 1375, and his son, Thomas Chafe, is the last of the 
family who is described as of Chafecombe. He was living 
at Bridgewater in 1405, and his son, John Chafe, wlio suc- 
ceeded him there, had also land in Devonshire, on which he 
is shown to have paid subsidy, ffe was alive at Bridgewater 
in 141 3. His son, John " Chafie," who fought at the battle 
of Agincourt, left the property at Bridgewater to his son, 
also called John, who seems to have resided at Ilminster, 
and was the father of Richard "Chafy" of Sherborne, Dorset, 
who was also seized of the Somersetshire property in 1522, 
in which year he died. 

This Richard "Chafy" had three sons, viz., John "Cliafy" 
of Sherborne and of Holwell, Co. Somerset — the direct 
ancestor of the Rev. Dr. Chafy, now of Rous Lench Court, 
Co. Worcester; Richard "Chaffie" of Holwell, whose male 
line is e.\'tinct ; and William " Chaffe " of Wellington, who 
also inherited property at Sherborne, and was the ancestor of 
the Devonshire branch of this ancient family. He had two 
sons, Robert and Nicholas. The latter's two younger sons, 
Peter and William Chaffe, acquired lands at Buckfastleigh, 
in this county, and were seized of them in the year 1660, 


and their name and race still flourish in that and neigh- 
bouring parishes. 

The uncle of the said Peter and William, Robert Chaffe, 
resided in the parisii of St. Petrock, Exeter, of which cit)' he 
was mayor in 1568, 1575, and 1576, and he was aUo governor 
of the "Guild of Merchant Adventurers" — an important federa- 
tion which was incorporated by Queen Elizabeth. His will, in 
which he mentions his birthplace at Wellington, was proved 
13th August, 1580. He had been buried in the nave of Exeter 
Cathedral on 26th July. B3' his wife, Elizabeth Biggleston, 
he had five sons and two daughters. Of these Robert and 
George were both of Exeter, and were living there in 1605 
and 161 I ; Richard, another son, was seized of land also in 
Exeter at his death, 12th May, 1596; and Thomas, the 
second son, resided in the Parish of St. Olave, in the same 
city. He married Dorothy, second daughter of John Shorte, 
of the parish of St. Petrock. His will was dated 24th 
May, 1604, and at his death he owned the parsonage of 
Constantine and the tithes of St. Winnow, both in Cornwall. 
His eldest son, William, died without issue in 1604. John, 
the second son, married Anne Mayho (and was father of 
Thomas "Chafe" of Sherborne; admitted of the Middle 
Temple, June 25th, 1631, to whom I shall have again to 
refer). Tlionias, the third son, was of Doddescot, in the parish 
of St. Giles on the Heath. Besides these sons there were four 
daughters — Pascha, of whom presently ; Elizabeth, who married 
John Mules; Doroth)-, wife of Robert Biggleston; and Ricliarda 
(marriage license dated February ist, 161 1, "to be married at 
Penhoe,") whose husband, Humphrey Curzon, then of London, 
merchant, afterwards resided in South Street, Exeter, in a 
house recently removed, and which was situated on the right 
hand side of the entrance to College Hall, and in which 
was a shield of the arms of Curzon : Arg. on a bend between 
3 wyverns' heads sa. 3 martlets.' Imp. Chafe, az. 5 fusils in 
fesse arg. 

Between Thomas Chafe and his third sister, Pascha, there 
appears to have been a very strong affection ; and it was, perhaps, 
on this account that he took up his residence at Doddescote, a 
propert)- with which he had no apparent family connection. 


Pascha Chafe was the wife of Tristram Risdon of Winscot, the 
celebrated local antiquar}-, who, at the time of his marriage, 
1608, had left Oxford, and had been at work upon his 
"Devonshire History" for three years. Redoes not appear at 
this time to have been particularly steady, or at all events 
during the few subsequent j'ears, and did not succeed in 
acquiring the esteem of his mother-in-law, old Mrs. Chafe. 

That lady made her will 23rd March, 161 1, and was buried 
with her husband in St. Olave Church, 3rd October, 161 2. 

She describes herself as Dorothie " Chafe," widdowe, and leaves 
£^1 to the poor of Exeter, and 5s. to the prisoners in the gaol of 
the Castle. She states that her late husband, Thomas Chafe, by 
his will gave all his silver plate amongst his children, to be 
allotted and divided between them at her discretion ; and this 
plate, which must have been particularly' handsome and valuable, 
she proceeds to apportion as follows : — 

She gives to her daughter, Elizabeth Mules, a tankard of silver 
double gilt, with cover belonging to the same, and a double gilt 
silver goblet. To her daughter, Dorothy Bigleston, a tankard of 
silver with its cover " pcell guilted," a goblet of silver double gilt, 
and six silver spoons. 

The next bequest to her daughter, Pascoe Risdon, must ha\-e 
afterwards formed a portion of the family plate at Winscot, and 
is therefore specially interesting. She gives her a white silver 
tankard with its cover, a " goblet of silver pcell guilted, a little 
trencher salt of silver double guilted, and half a dozen of silver 
spoons, with apostles' heads." 

To her daughter, Richarda " Cursane," who, as I have previously 
mentioned, seems to have resided in South Street, Exeter, she 
gives her second-best silver salt, double guilted, with its cover, 
an ale cup of silver, double guilt, a " little silver bowle," and 
half a dozen apostle spoons. To her son Thomas '' Cliafc" "a 
beere bowle of silver, a little ale cup of silver, and a little goblet 
of silver." 

To her son John Chafe, she says, " I give during his natural 
life the use and occupation of my best salte of silver, double 
guilted, with the cover, a sack cup of silver, double guilt, and one 
white bowle of silver," with remainder to the son and heir of the 
said John, and in default to liis eldest daughter. 


Her son Thomas appears to have been the intimate friend of 
Tristram Risdon, and to have occasioned her no small amount 
of anxiety. He must have been much younger than Risdon, 
as the inscription on his tomb shows that he was born in 1585. 
He appears to have been educated for the law, and is des- 
cribed in the pedigree as a barrister ; he took his degree at 
Exeter College, Oxford, but seems to have been both careless 
and extravagant, judging from the next paragraph in his 
mother's will. 

After leaving him, in addition to the plate mentioned above, 
his father's gold signet ring and all his father's books, she 
adds : " Alsoe whereas the said Thomas my Sonne heretofore 
to my great greife and dislikinge, in Rystons manner, hath 
most vainely wasted and consumed a farr greater porcion of 
my goods than my abilitie was or now is able to afforde 
him for his mayntenance, but now hath faithfull)- promised 
unto me reformacon and amendment of the same, therefore 
m)' will myndc and intent is, that if m}- said sonne doe nowe 
give over those his ill courses and practises wch he hath 
need with all other such Ij-ke misdemeanors, and doth hence- 
forth apply himself to learninge as he ought to doe, so as b\- 
reason thereof at the tyme of my death, by the opinion and 
judgment of my overseers hereafter named he shall be by 
them adjudged and thought worthie, uppon his amendment, 
and not otherwise, then I bequeath him i^ioo to be paid three 
months after m\" death. " To this will her elder son, John, 
is executor, and administration was granted P.C.C , 3rd October, 

The overseers were Philip Biglestone, her uncle, and Robert 
Chafe, her brother-in-law. 

Whether Thomas Chafe reformed sufficiently to entitle him to 
the ;f 100 I cannot sa)'. He lived for many years subsequently 
at peace with his relatives, as shown by his own curious will, 
which bears date September 24th, 1648, and was proved P.C.C, 
1 8th February, 1649-. 

He desires to be buried in decent and silent manner " some 
few hours before the candle doth inheritt the Suns office." He 
gives to the poor of St. Giles 20s , and to his wife a mourning 
gown, and " his bedsted with the greene curtains while she lives." 


To his niece, Mrs. Catherine Brookin, ;J^20, and to her husband, 
Thomas Broolcin, £'^. He adds, " I would heartily acknow- 
ledge another niece, but her impious deserts deserve nothing 
for present but teares and prayers that she may prove second 

He mentions his " dearly beloved " sisters, Mrs. Dorothy 
Biglestone and Mrs. Richard Curson. His nephews, Philip, 
John, and Thomas Biglestone, his cousin Peter, and his 
" gratious " cousin James Biglestone. 

He also refers to his niece, Mrs. Dorothy Biglestone, and to 
his nephews, Thomas, John, and George Curzon. He gives his 
niece, Mrs. Mary Serrell, £6 for a " momento," to his " virtuous" 
niece Mrs. Margaret Yeo 20s., and to her good husband los., and 
desires " their noble goodness to accept of my myte." There are 
bequests to his loving niece, Mrs. Joane Serrell, to his nephew, 
William Ryledon, and to his friends, Arthur Rfjlle and Thomas 
Ba\ lis, " a little piece of plate with my arms thereon," for the 
purchase of which money is devised to his executor. He leaves 
his nephew's wife, Catherine, £\ 2s. for a ring with a death's 
head thereon, and he gives ^^40 to, and settles his plate upon, 
" my hopeful 1 Godson and j'oung nephew Thomas Chafe." He 
further requires his Exor. to inter his body " as neere as he can 
by my Si-^ter Risedon, and I doe ordain appointe and require 
;£'30 rather more than lesse to be bestowed in a monument of 
my Effigies by my Executor, of whose love herein I am not 
diffident, who have reaped so many gratuities formerly from 
mee, and now in present burthening his conscience for effecting 
it as he shall answer Coram Deo. I desire him to inscript in 
m}- monument some memory of his good Aunt Rysedon, and 
of the family deceased there interred, also of my wife and 
her two children, no great onus to an ingenious, generous, 
and gratefull minde." 

The executor and residuary legatee is his nephew, Thomas 
Chafe, Esq., councillor-at-law ; and the will concludes with the 
following quaint words : 

" This my last will and Testament written with mine own 
hande and soe well known that I do not greatly repute tlie 
subscription of Witnesses to strengthen it. And this my last 
will and Testament to corroborate and to make it legall I 


doe impresse my scale and subscribe my name the day and 
yeare above written. 

" Vale T. Chafe, Scripsi." 

"Item vale T. C. Laws den pax Homiiiibus. T. Cliafe de 

In accordance with his uncle's injunctions, Thumas Chafe 
erected in the chancel of St. Giles, and within the altar-rails, 
a high tomb to the memory of deceased, with his effigy 
thereon. The figure, with moustache and peaked beard, is 
lying upon tiie right side, the face supported by the hand, the 
elbow resting upon a cushion. The costume consists of a coif 
or skull-cap which entirely conceals the hair, a short cloak 
with tight sleeves, and which being open in front shows that 
the body is protected by a cuirass, frequently worn in those 
troublous times, fastened down the front with studs ; breeches 
and long stockings gartered below the knee with roses or 
knots, and on the feet are low shoes similarly decorated. 
There ivere also two female figures, who probably represented 
the two children referred to in the will. Over the figure are 
tiiree coats of arms. In the centre the ancient, but question- 
able, arms of Chafe, already blazoned, with mantling and 
crest: A demi linn ramp. ci\ holding between its paws a 
fusil, az. 

On the dexter side ; Chafe impaling Burgoyne : Az. a talbot 
pass. arg. in chief a nmllet. 

And on the sinister side Risdon : Arg. 3 bird bolts sa., 
impaling Chafe. 

During the " restoration " of St. Giles' Church, to which I 
have already alluded, this monument was taken down and 
removed from its original position to another part of the 
building. The two female figures then disappeared ; and I 
understand that " tliey fell to pieces, and could not be put 
tocrether aeain." 


The inscription upon the front of the monument is as 
follows : 


Thom^ Chafe 
Generosi Memoriam 




Constanter versatus In beata justorum Resurrectionis spe 


Aetatis que su.* climacerio magno 

eXUVIas sVas eXUIt MedicVs. UXorem reliquit Margeriam 

Filiam Philippi Burgoyne E Clarissima Burgoynorum 

pROSAPiA Orti Matronam Religiosissimam Bonokum ij operum 


A Chro. Naio 16 — Aetatis vero Su.i; 

Abstuut a nobis misere quem flemus ade.mptu.m 
Abstulit e vivis mortis iniqua manus 


Candor Amor Piets interiere simul 
Teste vel invidia vita letho que beatus 

The spaces left blank for Margery Chafe's death have 
never been filled in. She was buried with her husband 
30th March, 1655. 

Thomas Chafe must have passed his sixty-second birthday, 
since he died in the year of his " grand climacteric " (which 
was 7 X 9), and therefore in his sixty-third year. The in- 
scription actually gives the age as 47, which is obviou.sly owing 
to a mistake of the stone-cutter, who failed to enlarge the 
letters "u" in "medicus" and "x" in "uxorem," had this been 
done, the age would have appeared correctly — 62. I have 
made the necessary alterations above, in view of the fact that 
the inscription has become very faint, and unless the words 
are recut, they will speedily become almost entirely obliterated. 
Chafe's sister, Pascha, had pre-deceased him, although she 
survived her husband, Tristram Risdon, for about six years. 
Her will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
lOth September, 1647. It is dated April 21st, 1646, and in 


it she is described as "Pascoe" Risdon, of "Wiiiscott," in the 
parish of St. Giles, and county of Devon, widow. She gives 
her son, William Risdon, "her heir and sole Executor," "the 
Manor of Winscott and the Barton farm & demesne thereof 
and all her other lands in Devon for ever." This bequest 
upsets the assertion of the authors of the additions to Risdon 
(p. 422, edit. 181 1), who state that Giles Risdon (her eldest son, 
who had then been dead about two years) "inherited the estate 
after his father, and was succeeded by his brotlier William." 

She gives her daughter-in law, Mrs. Margery Risdon, two 
stocks of bees and her still. To " my daughter, Airs. Joane 
Hearle, all my best woollen and l}-nnen apparel and m\- 
wedding-ring." To my grandchild, Margaret Rattenburv, ^^5 
at sixteen years of age. Her daughter, Margaret, had died 
26th of August, 1636, and her memorial inscription is given 
by Prince in the Worthies of Devon. She likewise leaves to 
her grandchild, Joane Hearle, " a bearing blanket and all my 
child bed linnen." There are also bequests to several of her 
god-children, and to John Maddcote, " godson of my husband, 
Mr. Tristram Risdon, deceased." The overseers are her nephew, 
Thomas Chafe, alrcadj' mentioned, and her son-in-law, Mr. 
James Hearle. 

William Risdon, of Winscot, the second son of the antiquar)-, 
proved his mother's will, and succeeded to the propert}' at her 
death. He died in 1701, and was buried in St. Giles' Church 
with his famil}-. He had one daughter, Mary, who by her first 
husband, John Prust, had one child, a daughter, who died in 
infancy. She was subsequently married three times — viz , to 
Amos Rolle, to John Holland, and to John Stafford— l.ut had 
no issue by either of them, therefore Winscot ultimatel}- 
descended to Joane, daughter of James Hearle and Joane his 
wife, the daughter of Tristram Risdon. This Joane, who by 
her grandmother's will is to receive "two bearing blankets." 
and other equally useful articles, became the wife of Edward 
Lovatt, of Corfe, in the parish of Tawstock, who was 
the sixth son of Sir Robert Lovatt, of Liscombe, in Buck- 
inghamshire. Her husband gave a large silver flagon to the 
church of Tawstock. Thc}- had three children — Robert, who 
died without issue ; Joan, who married Hatch ; and Penelope, 


who was the wife of Sir Henry Northcote, M.D., the fourth 
baronet, and the present Lord Iddesleigh is now the repre- 
sentative of Tristram RisJon. Winscote, which descended in 
the Northcote family, has of late years become the property 
of the Hon. Mark Rolle. 

Thomas Chafe, the Executor of liis uncle's will, was, as I 
have stated already, the son of Jolui Chafe, and of his wife, 
Anne Mayho. He survived until 1662, married Katherine, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Malet, and left a son and six 
daughters. The son, also called Thomas, acquired property near 
Sherborne, with his wife, Susanna MoI)-ns, and went to resitle 
at Folke. He was patron of the Rectory of Constantine, 
iji Cornwall. The death of his only son, Molyns Cliafe, 
S.P., in 1685, terminated tiie male line of this branch of the 

Their ancestor, as I have already said, was William " Chaffe," 
of Wellington, who was the younger brother of John Chafy, 
of Sherbourne, who was buried at Stoke under Hamdon, 
26th Sept., 1558. He was the father of Thomas " Chafye," 
of Sherbourne, whose grandson, " Robert Chafifie, of the same 
place, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of William Ham- 
bridge, of East Coker, County Son;erset, and niece and heir 
to Joseph Compton, of Yeovil. This William Hambridge was 
the second son of John Hambridge, of East Coker (who was 
twelfth in direct descent from Stephen de Hambrigge, Lord 
of Hambrigge, in Somerset, in the icigii of Henry H.), by his 
first wife, Joan, daughter and co-heir of William Hemenford. 
(He married, secondly, Katherine, daughter of Sir John Syden- 
ham.) Mrs. "Chaffie's" motlier, Elizabeth Compton, ultimate 
heir to her brother Joseph, was sixteenth in descent from 
Walter of Compton, Co. Somerset, who held that property 
under the Bishop of Salisbury, at the time of the Domesday 
Survey, and whose younger great grandson, Martin de Compton, 
gave name to an estate in Marldon, Co. Devon, and there 
founded Compton Castle, which, with the heiress of Compton, 
passed to the Poles, and thence to Doddesconibe, and ultimately 
became divided between Worthe and Gilbert. Through this 
marriage, the Chafys, who already quaitered the arms of Boys 
and Mande\ille, obtained the right to add those of Hambrigge, 


Micheldever, Compton, de Alva, Newton, and tielpeston. 
Walter Cliafe, of Sherborne, baptized there 28th December, 
1653, was the grandson of the Compton heiress. He acquired 
the additional armorials of Scott, of Child-Okford, by his 
marriage with Ann Scott, heir to her brothers George and John 
Scott, of Sherborne. His son, John " Chafy," Rector of Lilling- 
ham, and of Purse Caundle, Dorsetshire, married Elizabeth, 
daughter and co-heir of Capt. John Corbyn, of Hazlebury 
Brian, and the direct descendant of Sir Philip Corbyn, Kt., of 
Corbyn, Co. Stafford, in the reign of Henry L, and thus acquired 
the quarterings of Corbyn, Brian (of Hazlebury Brian, Co. 
Dorset, temp. Hy. HI.), De Cancy, and Warren. The Heraldry 
of the House of Chafy became repeated by the marriage of 
the younger son of the last named, the Rev. William Chafy, 
Vicar of Faversham and Sturry, and Minor Canon of Canterbury, 
with his first cousin's daughter Mar}-, daughter of John " Chafie,' 
of Sherbourne ; their eldest son. Dr. William Chafy (C.C. Coll., 
Cambridge, Master of " Sidney Susse.K," and Vice-Chancellor 
of the University, Chaplain-in-Ordinary to her Majesty the 
Queen, and to her three royal predecessors), married, 4th Dec, 
1813, Mary, dauglitcr and co-heir of John Westwood, of 
Chatteris, in the Isle of Ely, and the descendant and representa- 
tive of William de Westwode, who was seized of lands in Lek, 
County Stafford, 7'«r(? uxoris, 37th Hy. HI. His wife was the 
daughter and heir of Clement de Dysteley, by Matilda, daughter 
and heir of Robert Fitz-John, the owner of the said manor 
of Lek. 

Dr. Chafy was buried in Sidney Sussex College Chapel in 
May, 1843. He died, universally respected and lamented, on 
the i6ih of that month. 

Dr. Chafy, of Rous-Lench Court, Worcestershire, is the eldest 
son by his first marriage with Annette, daughter of the Rt. Rev. 
Samuel Kyle, D.D., Lord Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, of 
the only son of the Master of Sidney Susse.K College, who 
died in 1873. 

Dr. Chafy was baptized by the names of William Kj-le West- 
wood, 17th July, 1841, and assumed the additional name of 
Chafy in pursuance of a too loosely worded claim in the will 
of his grandfather, from whom he inherited a small property 


at Haslebury Brian, some scattered fragments of Chafy 
property in Dorset and Somerset, and an estate at Sheriff's 
Lench, in Worcestershire. 

He graduated at Cli. Ch., Oxford ; was ordained deacon in 
1869, and priest in 1870. He was subsequently for two years 
curate in sole charge of Lydford, in this County ; for an account 
of the church of that parish, see my "Devonshire Parishes," vol. i., 
pp. 220-248. Dr. Chafy, who took his D.D. degree in 1891, 
married, 2nd May, 1872, Mary Clara, the second daughter of 
the late Evelyn Philip Shirley, of Ettington, Co. Warwick, and 
Lough Trea, Co. Monaghan, the well-known author of the 
" Noble and Gentle Families of England," of the " History of 
the County of Monaghan," etc., and who was the great grandson 
of the Hon. George Shirley, of Ettington, fifth son of the first 
Earl Ferrers, who terminated the abeyance of the ancient 
baronies of Ferrers of Chartley, Bourchier, and Louvaine, his 
grandmother. Lady Dorothy Devereux, having been daughter 
and co-heir of Robert, last Earl of Essex, of the house of 
Devereux, from whom Mr. Shirley inherited his Irish property 
in Co. Monaghan. These baronies are now again in abeyance, 
between the representatives of the daughters of the eighth 
Lord Ferrers. 

Dr. Chafy's son and heir, Hugh Edmund Chafy-Chafy, was 
born at Lidfjrd Rectory, May 17th, 1876. He has also a 
second son and four daughters. 

The arms used for many centuries by this family, " azure, 
five fusils in fesse, argent, a canton of the last," and which 
surmount the tomb already referred to in the parish church 
of St. Giles in the Heath, have been superseded, since 1822, by 
Dr. Chafy's predecessors. In pursuance of an Earl Marshal's 
warrant in that year directed to the Kings of Arms, consequent 
upon the application of the Rev. W. Chafy, great-grandfather 
of the present owner of Rous-Lench, a coat, which satisfactorily 
marks the descent of the Chafy's from Hugo, Thegn of Chafe- 
conibe, and his connection witli the Saxon Earldom of Devon, 
the badge of which was a gryphon then, and down to the 
commencement of the third century after the Conquest, was 
granted to him and his heirs, and may be thus blazoned : — 
Per pale gules and azure, a grj-phon st-greant, argent ; on 


a chief, engrailed er»i., three lozenges in fess of the second. 
Crest, on a mount vert, a peacock in its pride, between two 
palm-branches, all ppr. 


It is evident, from the fact that a certain poition of our coast 
was known as the h'td/s Saxonicu7n during the last years of the 
Roman occupation of Britain, that some time prior to the 
evacuation of our island in 418 there had been periodical settle- 
ments in it of predator)' Teutons from the neighbourhood of 
the Rhine and Elbe. These invaders, having settled themselves 
permanently in the country at various but uncertain dates, were 
of course subject to the Roman dominion, and took part with 
the Britons in their several struggles to throw off the Latin 
yoke. Thus it came about that there was a very considerable 
Saxon settlement established in this and other parts of the 
kingdom long prior to the arrival of the great horde of German 
invaders, in the first year of the Emperor Marcianus, A.D. 450, 
which was nearly seventy years prior to the actual establish- 
ment of the Saxon kingdom of Wessex by King Cerdic. That 
one of these so-called Saxon incursions was undertaken by the 
" Hermanduri " seems probable from the existence of the great 
Roman road known as " Hermin Street," which runs from 
St. Davids to Southampton, and the latter port was the favourite 
landing place of the several tribes of Saxon adventurers down 
to the arrival of the future King Cerdic at the close of the fifth 

Thus a very ancient tradition as to the German origin of the 
Hernimans, or Homimans, may be plausibly accounted for, and 
its strong probability may be very freely admitted ; but not so 
the period at which their migration from the European Continent 
has been usually fixed, or the supposition that the founder of 
their family in England was "a follower of Peter of Provence, 
the uncle of Eleanor, queen of Henrj' III.," who in such case 
must have settled here during the first half of the thirteenth 

It is a significant proof of the very great antiquit}' of this 

332 DEl'OXSH/KE U'lL/S. 

family in Britain that their connection with the Saxon Manor, 
to which they certainly gave name, but not with the county, 
which has remained unsevercd, had ceased apparently in the 
reign of Edward the Confessor. It is shown by the Domesday 
record that one of them held manors, under Norman rule, 
both in north and south Devon, notably in the neighbourhood 
of Totnes, in which a branch of the family have continued 
until modern times, and in that of Chulmlciyh, where the 
name is still extant. 

Amongst the property granted by King William to the 
Norman Bishop, of Coutance was the manor of Plermon's 
Sward, " Hermondesuorda," and now known as Hermonsworthy, 
in the parish of Broadworthy, commonly called Brad worthy. 

The Saxon word " sweard," as applied to the soil, signified 
that it was covered with grass ; the affix " worthy," also of 
Saxon origin, that it was an enclosed estate ; hence the name of 
such parishes as Bradworthy, Pyworthy, Hexworthy, etc., but I 
need not multiply instances of similar nomenclature. 

When King William seized upon " Hermon's Sward," it was 
the property of Alward, the King's Thegn, who paid tax there 
for a sufficient quantity of arable land to occupy "two ploughs," 
exclusive of twenty acres of meadow, and five furlongs of 
pasture, two furlongs wide. The Bishop of Coutance sublet 
this property to the ancestor of the Drewes of Broadhembury 
and elsewhere, and in subsequent ages it was held by an old 
family known as" De Bosco,'' or Boys, Anglice, Wood, a member 
of which built a chapel upon it by license from the Abbot of 
Tor, and his male line became extinct in the reign of 
Edward III. 

But although the " Hermons " — the name is, I should remark, 
variously written, Herman, Hermer, Herniman, Horniman, and 
Harniman, the latter spelling being in exact accordance with its 
customary pronunciation — had no special interest in" Hermon's 
Sward" in 1086, yet one of their name, " Hernan," which, 
allowing for contraction, would read Herniman, had been settled 
close to the old " Hermin " road, and had held the bishopric 
of St. Davids from 1023-1039 during the reign of Canute, and 
that the members of the family accommodated themselves to 
circumstances is sufficiently clear from the fact that, under 


Norman rule, the Saxon landowner of the same name, who was, 
I think, clearly the profjenitor of the Hornimans of the middle 
and later ages, was permitted to held the three Devonshire 
manors known as " Nymet," near Sampford Courtenay, Wash- 
bourne, nigh Totnes, and another property called " Esprewi," 
under Norman rule, and to transmit them to his posterity, 
although, being ^ Saxon, he did not hold them directly from 
the king in chief, but u!ider Goscelmus Brito (see '' House of 
Brito," post), and another great Lord paramount, Walter de 
Douay, Baron of Bampton. 

Thus much for the great antiquity of the race of Horniman, 
which I ma\- now claim reasonably to have established. It is 
improbable that the immediate descendants of the Domesday 
sub-tenant, who doubtless founded the north and south Devon 
branches of the family, ever moved far from their first settle- 
ments, for we find them mentioned in the early parish registers 
both of Totnes and Sampford Courtenay, and in those of Wink- 
leigh, South Tawton, and elsewhere, always of importance and 
consideration in their respective neighbourlioods, whilst their 
seventeenth centur\- residence at South Molten took name from 
them, and was known as " Hernimans." This house stands on 
rising ground near the confluence of the rivers Bray and Mole, 
and in the midst of about a hundred and fifty acres of fertile 
land. Although it has been of late j'ears divided into tene- 
ments for farm labourers, it bears evident signs of its ancient 
importance in vestiges of old oak panelling and similar 
decoration. One of its former owners, Luke Herninian, who 
died childless in i6S6, was the son of Mr. John Herninian of 
South Tawton. 

His ancestor, John " Hernaman," of the latter parish, dead 
before 1539, had three children, John, Thomas, and Ann, the 
latter married "Richard Wikes," October 30th, 1565, and the 
marriage of her nephew William Hernaman with Arminell, 
daughter of William " Weekes " of Honichurch, is recorded in 
the Herald's Visitation of Devonshire of 1620. 

Her brother John's son " Henri " was baptized at Sampford 
Courtenay in 1559; one of her elder nephews by her brother 
Thomas, of South Tawton and Sampford Courtena)-, married 
the one Maria Oxenham of Oxeniiam ; whil.-,t the other, James 


Herniman, was the ancestor of the Hernimans of Wood- 
terald, in the parish of Winklcigh, and of Iiis successors also at 
South Tavvton. 

The Totnes branch of this family, descended most probably 
from the Domesday owner of Washbourne, in the neighbonring 
parish of Harberton, were always of repute in South Devon, 
and held positions of confidence and importance. Their imme- 
diate ancestor was George, brother of Thomas Herniman, 
baptized in 1661, and their present representative is the Rev. 
J. W. Duncombe Hernaman, clerk in holy orders, son of the 
late John Hernaman of Clealand Hall, Sunderland, who was 
born in 1794, and was the son of William Hernaman of Totnes 
by his wife Elizabeth Lapthorne. A branch of the Totnes 
Hernimans migrated to Appledore, and have of late years 
been resident at Truro in the adjoining county. 

Robert " Hernaman " of Wood-terald, a fair estate in the 
parish of Winkleigh, baptized there 15th October, 1598, was 
the father of John Herniman of Hernimans above mentioned, 
and also of William Herniman, who was born in 1619. The 
latter's son, of the same name, seems to have succeeded his 
cousin Luke at Hernimans, whilst the elder son, Robert " Herni- 
man," baptized at South Tawton 1656, was the father of George 
" Horniman," who migrated to the neighbouring county of 
Somerset, and settled at Lydeard St. Laurence. The latter's 
great grandson John Horniman was the father of another John, 
who was born at Reading in 1803, and was one of the most 
eminent philanthropists of the present age. During a long 
life of ninety years, by close attention to business, and by 
unswerving rectitude, he not only succeeded in founding the 
great house known as " Hornimans," but amassed a very con- 
siderable fortune, and in addition to the large sums he similarly 
disbursed in his life-time, lie left, at his death in 1893, no less 
than i!'89,0O0 in various charities. His eldest son, Mr. W. H. 
Horniman, still resides in the county adopted, as I have shown 
above, by his ancestors nigh upon eighteen hundred years ago. 
His second son, Mr. Frederick John Horniman now M.P. for 
Penryn and Falmouth, is the well-known owner and founder of 
the Surrey House Museum at Dulwich — a magnificent collection 
of art treasures, which is freely open to the public, and which 


will probabl}- in the future be entirely dedicated to their uses. 
Although for some generations his own branch of this ancient 
family have been truly worthy and beneficent members of the 
Society of Friends, I\Ir. F. J. Horniman is an attached follower 
of the tenets of the Established Church, and munificently 
contributed ;^4,ooo towards the new church of St. Peter on 
Dulvvich Common. 

The Horniman Museum is so varied in its character, so 
unique in its possessions, that few towns in England have anj'- 
thing to compare with it; it is the outcome of the labour and 
outlay of thirty j'ears, and is distributed over no less than 
twenty-tliree rooms of a very capacious residence, behind which 
Mr. Horniman proposes to build lecture halls and technical 
schools before it is finally handed over to some public body for 
the exclusive good of future generations. If merely in memory 
of his father's charities and of his own beneficence, his name 
and history, apart even from its great antiquity, would have 
deserved commemoration in these pages; as it is, it must be 
admitted that no account of our old West country families 
could be complete without a somewhat extended notice of 
the race of Horniman. Mr. J. F. Horniman married, in 1859, 
the youngest daughter of John Elmslie of Dalston, count}' 
Middlesex, by whom he has a son and heir, Elmslie J. 
Horniman, born i860. 

The arms used b)' the Hornimans, vert, a lion passant 
guardant, oi\ between three annulets, arg. ; and the crest a 
lion couchant guardant, or, beneath a palm-tree proper, were 
confirmed by Garter and Clarencieux, kings of arms to the 
family of Herman of Middleton Stone)', County Oxford, loth 
December, i6?o. 


The Northmores of Cleve, in the parish of St. Thomas, 
nigh Exeter, are said by Lysons and others " to have migrated 
from Somersetshire," a statement which does not appear to 
have the slightest foundation in fact, and probably originated 
in the bequest by one of their collateral relatives, whose will 


was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, in 141 1, 
of a considerable quantity of gold plate to the Cliurch of 
St. Mary at Taunton. That a branch of the family long 
flourished in much repute in the adjoining county is as unques- 
tionable as that their name, anciently written " Nordmoor," 
is derived from the residence of their Saxon ancestors upon 
tlie northern border of Dartmoor, in the parish of South Tawton, 
within which royal manor, held at the Conquest by King 
William, and which had been a portion of the dowry of Githa, 
the mother of Harold, a noble Saxon, called Alfric or Aluric, 
one of the higher or baronial thanes, had another "in partage " 
(" quam tenuit Uluricus pariter" are ihe words of the Survey) 
at the death of Edward the Confessor, and which was known 
as " Aissa " or Ash. 

That the Northmores are the veritable descendants of this 
Saxon Thegn is as probable as their long connection with the 
manor of East Ash is certain ; their first recorded nominal 
residence in the parish of South Tawton, however, under the 
name of " Northmore," was at " Wille," or Well, a residence now 
occupied by a farmer, and apparently of sixteenth century 
date, and which still exhibits the initials of Edward Northmore, 
1600, and of John Northmore, " anno 1641,'' in one of its windows. 
This property is shown by an extant deed to have been granted 
by " William Ythel " (at Wille) to John Northmore, in the sixth 
year of the reign of King Edward III., A.D. 1332. On the 
29th June, 1377, this John Northmore, or his successor of the 
same name, attested a deed at Tiverton. He was succeeded 
by Richard Northmore, who flourished between the years 
1453-81, who obtained from Richard Wyke of North Wyke* 
certain lands in the manor of East Ayshe, already referred to, 
by deed dated 4th Edward IV., A.D. 1464, and they eventually 
acquired the whole manor, which manor, Lysons complacently 
remarks, " had belonged to the Northmores, for some years, in 
1711." As Samuel Lysons was long " Keeper of the Records,' 
it is somewhat surprising and irritating to find that in this 
as well as in numerous other instances he did not trouble 
himself to be more precise and accurate. William Northmore 

* See Wyke of North wyke, post. 


succeeded his father Richard in 1481, and was himself the father 
of John Northmore who was buried at Soutli Tawton in 1577, 
and pre-deceased his mother, Joan Northmore, by eight years. 

The South Tawton registers commence in 1540, and amongst 
the earliest entries I find the baptism of this John Northmore's 
son Bartholomew on February 24th that year. 

He appears, however, to have been succeeded at \\'elle by 
his son Richard Northmore, who married Joan Southwood, or 
Southmeade, in 1567, and who was the father of Edward North- 
more of Well, whose son (by his marriage with Philote, daughter 
of Edward Haywoode of Haywoode, in the parish of Bund- 
leigh), John Northmore, was also of Welle, and was buried at 
South Tawton in 167 1. This last John Northmore, who adopted 
the legal profession, and acquired a large estate, which included 
an eighth part of the manor of Okehampton, married Joan, 
daughter of John Stronge of Tor-hill, in the same parish, and left 
five sons and two daughters, married to Battishill and Weeks, 
both members of houses with recorded pedigrees.* I should 
have stated that Richard Northmore had granted to his son Ed- 
ward above mentioned the lands of East Ash by deed dated 1587. 
John Northmore of Well and of East Ash was the eldest 
of the five sons of John Northmore and of Joan Stronge. He 
was a lawyer, like his father, and also a magistrate, and long 
filled the office of town clerk of Okehampton, and married 
into an old county family, that of the Chudlcigh branch of the 
Woolcombes, and died without issue in 1713. His next brother 
Edward, who was Vicar of Newton St. Cyres and of Chudleigh, 
predeceased him in 1667, so that his heir-at-law was his brother 
William Northmore, born 1639, who married, first, Mary, 
daughter and heir of William Knapman of \\'oiison, in the 
parish of Throwleigh, b\' whicli marriage he acquired that 
interesting property, and was also Mayor of Okehampton. In 
a panel of one of the rooms in the old house at Wonson there 
is, carved on panel, the semblance of an ace of diamonds, by 
which card this William Northmore is said to have lost the 
very large sum, in those daj's, of i," 1 7,000. However, his son 
succeeded to Wonson, and subsequently, as I shall presentl\- 

* For the marriage of Elizabeth Northmore with Richard Weekes, see " Weekes 
of Honichurch,"/(7j-i'. 


show, to Cleve as well. B)- his second marriage with a Miss 
Hutton, daughter of the rector of Northlew, William North- 
more the elder left a daughter Elizabeth, who was the direct 
ancestress of the late wife of the present owner of Clcve, a 
property original!}' acquired by the said William of Wonson's 
next younger brother Thomas. 

The latter had succeeded to the moiety of the profits of an 
annual fair at Exeter as a younger son's portion, which had 
been originally granted to John Northmore of South Tawton, 
who died in 1577, by King Henry VIII., in whose household 
he had in his younger days been a page of honour, and with 
whom he seems to have been a great favourite. Thomas North- 
uiore, however, who was a Master in Chancery and M.P. for 
Okehampton, appears to have accumulated a great deal of 
money in the practice of his profession, and about the year 
1675 settled in St. Thomas, nigh Exeter, and in 1705 he 
purchased Cleve, since the principal seat of the Northmores, 
from the devisees of one Robert Gubbs ; he also obtained 
two-thirds of the rental of Topsham Quay, then the port of 
Exeter, and much other property in the city. He died {S.P.AT.) 
in 1713, when he divided his wealth between his nephew John, 
son of his fifth and last brother Jeffery, then the owner of 
Well in South Tawton, and iiis daughter and heir Anne, at that 
time married to her first cousin William Northmore the )-ounger 
of Wonson, who thus inherited Cleve in right of his wife. This 
William Northmore, of Wonson and Cleve, had been born in 
1690, and, like others of his ancient race, some time represented 
Okehampton in Parliament. In 1722 he was permitted to 
register his arms, and the siinplicit}' of the coat is sufficient to 
show its extreme antiquity ; his first wife and cousin Ann 
Northmore only survived her fatlier three years, and he was 
afterwards twice married ; his second wife being Florence, 
daugliter of Sir Arthur Chichester of Ralegh, and his third an 
Oxenham of Oxenham, in the parish of South Tawton. His 
first wife's stepmother, by the way, who died in 173 5, was 
a daughter of John St. Aubyn of Clowance, and sister of the 
first St. Aubyn Baronet, as well as of the wife of Nicholas 
Martin of Oxton and Netlierexe. 

William Northmore of Cleve died (S.P.) in 1734, when that 


property passed to his cousin John Northmore, son of his 
already mentioned uncle Jeffery Northmore of Well, by 
Grace Risdon of Spreyton, of the house of Bableigh. This 
third Northmore, owner of Cleve, married Anne, daughter of 
John Collacot of Chagford, but only enjoyed that propertj- 
a few months, as he was buried at South Tawton in December, 
1735. He was succeeded by his son Thomas, then only a few 
months old, and who had therefore a long minority. He was 
Sheriff of Devon in 1769, and left by his wife, the only daughter 
and heir of Richard Osgood of Fulham, three sons, Thomas 
of Cleve ; William, in holy orders ; and Edward, an officer in 
the arm}-. Thomas Northmore of Cleve,* son and heir, married, 
secondly, Emmeline, daughter of Sir John Eden, Baronet, by 
whom he had a son, Edmund Shafto, who died, issueless, at 
sea, and six daughters. His first wife was a daughter of Sir 
W. E. Welby, first Baronet of Denton, County Lincoln, by 
whom he had issue Tiiomas Welby Northmore, born in 1791, 
who commenced life with a commission in the Guards, retired 
as a captain, graduated, became a clergyman, and was long 
Vicar of Winterton, in Lincolnshire. He married his cousin 
Katherine, daughter of Sir W. E. Welby, second Baronet, and 
was buried in the family vault in the church of St. Thomas. 
He was the father of the Rev. Thomas Welby Northmore, 
Vicar of Weston, Co. York, who has two sons and a daughter, 
and also of John Northmore, the present owner of Cleve. 
Mr. Northmore was born in 1826, and is a justice of the 
peace for Devon, and was for some years of H.M. Ce}-lon Civil 
Service; he married, secondh-, in 1873, his far-awa)- kins- 
woman, Ohmpia, a daughter of Northmore Herle Pierce 
Lawrence, the descendant and representative of Elizabeth, only 
daughter, by his second marriage, of William Northmore the 
elder of VVonson, as I have pre\iousl\- mentioned. She died in 

* Mr. Thomas Northmore of Cleve, a well-kncwn geologist and antiquary, and 
Fellow of the Royal Society, married, lirstly, Penelope, only daughter of Sir Widiam 
Earle Welby, first Baronet (creaiion 27lh June, iSoi), by his wife, Penelope, third 
daughter of Sir John Glynne, Bart., of Hawarden, Flintshire ; and, secondly, 
Emmeline, daughter of Sir John Eden, fourth Baronet of West Auckland, 
Co. Durham, and sister of Lady Aghrim, afteiward Countess of Athlone. Her 
father's baronetcy became extinct in 1841, but her uncle Robert was created a Baronet 
in 1776, and his brothers, William and Morion, were respectively raised to the 
peerage as Barons Auciiland and Henley, 1789-1799. 


1875, leaving issue a son and lieir, John Northniore, born in 
1874, and one daughter, of her own name. 

Mr. Northmore had previously married the only daughter of 
the late Rev. William Hames, Rector of Chagford, but by that 
lady had no issue; she died in 1869. 

The Northmore arms may be thus blazoned : — Gules, a 
lion rampant, or, crowned, argent. Crest — A lion's head erased, 
gules, crowned as in the arms, charged with a rose, argent, 
barbed and seeded, vert. 

Motto—" Nee Elata, Nee Dejecta." 

The rose was evidently intended to mark Cadency, but it is 
hard to see why it was employed in lieu of a mullet, the usual 
distinction, since the fourteenth century, of the third son, from 
whom William of Wonson, who sought the interference of the 
officers of arms in 1722, unquestionably derived. 


The Saxon race of Wise, in the vernacular written " Wis," 
and by the Danes " Viis," have resided in the west of England 
literally from time immemorial, and, although the principal .seat 
of the family in the first half of the present century was 
removed to Staffordshire, in consequence of a marriage with 
the heir of Booth and Lovatt of Clayton, in that county, the 
name still flourishes in Devonshire. Humfrey "Vis " or " Wis " 
of Lew, since known as Lew Trenchard, near Tavistock, was 
living there in the year 1080, when that manor, which had 
belonged to Brictric, the son of Algar, the first-love of Matilda, 
the Conqueror's consort, had passed into Norman hands. 
According to ancient heraldic records, this Humfrey le Wis was 
the father, but I consider him to have been more probably the 
brother, of Oliver le Wis, who was at about the same period 
settled upon the manor of Greston, in Cornwall, and the latter 
was the undoubted ancestor of Sir John Wise, Knight, of Greston 
late in the twelfth century, whose younger brother, Sir Andrew 
Wyse, accompanied Strongbow to Ireland in 1169, and obtained 
great possessions in Waterford, since held directly from the 


Crown ; his descendant and representative, whose predecessors 
had inherited the lands of the Priorj' of St. John in 1495, was 
the late Sir Thomas \V\-se of St. John, county Waterford, who 
married the daughter of Prince Lucien Bonaparte, and was long 
member of Parliament for the county. 

Sir John Wise of Greston had three sons, viz., Hcnr)', son 
and heir, Serlo, and Osbert, who founded branches of their 
name in Kent and Oxfordshire. Roger Wise, younger son of 
Sir Henry Wise of Greston, was the ancestor of the Gloucester- 
shire Wises. His eldest brother. Sir William Wise of Greston, 
held sixteen librates of land in Cornwall in the )'ear 1255, and 
by his marriage wiih Ela de Vepont (" Veteri ponte ; " in English, 
Oldbridge) acquired the Devonshire manor of Thrushelton, a 
chapelry dependent on Maristow, Count}- Devon, in which latter 
parish his son Serlo obtained the Sydenham estate by his 
alliance with Albreda Trevage. Their son, Thomas Wise, 
Lord of Sydenham, Thrushelton, and Greston, and eighth 
in descent from the aforesaid Oliver le Wise, left the Cornish 
property to his son of the latter name, who had no male issue, 
but b)' his granddaughter Margaret Beaumont, who married 
John Chichester of Ralegh, he became the ancestor of subse- 
quent members of that ancient Devonshire house, and also of 
the Marquesses of Donegal. 

Oliver's brother, John Wise of Sydenham, was the father of 
Thomas Wise, whose wife, Margaret, daughter and heir of 
Robert Britt (see " House of Brito," post), brought him much 
additional property in various parts of Devonshire, notably that 
since known as " Mount Wise," which has long been the militarj' 
headquarters at Devonpoit, otherwise Stoke Damarel. 

The next John Wise of Sydenham married Thomazine, 
daughter of Sir Baldwin Fulford, of Great Fulford, near Exeter, 
Knight of the Sepulchre, and Sheiiff of Devon 38th Henry VI. 
He had two children, a son and daughter ; the latter was the 
mother of the first Lord Russell, and the ancestress of the 
Dukes of Bedford. 

Lord Russell's uncle, Oliver Wise, by his wife Margaret 
Tremayne of Collacombe, in the parish of Lamertmi, had issue 
John, who was thrice married ; one of his j'ounger sons is 
supposed to have founded the Warwickshire branch of the 


family ; by his first wife, Miiria Chudleigh, of Abhton-under- 
Haldon, of the race of the celebrated Duchess of Kingston, 
he had a son and lieir, James Wise of Sydenham, who married 
Alice D\'nham. Their younger son, Sir William Wise, was 
knighted at the "Battle of the Spurs" in 15 13; their elder, 
John W'ise of Sydenham, by Alice Harris of Hayne, was the 
father of James, Charles, Erkenbold, Thomas, and John. Of 
these Thomas succeeded to S}'denham, and built " the faire 
mansion house " at Stoke Damarel, since called Mount Wise, 
and there his posterity principally resided afterward ; by his 
wife, Mary Buller of Shillingham, he was the father of Sir 
Thomas Wise, Knight of the Bath, who died in 1629, whose son 
and heir of the same name, Sheriff of Devon 1638, Knight 
of the Shire 1640, married the Honourable Mary Chichester, 
daughter of Edward, first Viscount Carrickfergus, and sister of 
the first Earl of Donegal ; they had a son. Sir Edward Wise, 
Knight of the Bath, who married Arabella St. John, daughter 
of Oliver Lord St. John, son of the Earl of Bolingbroke. 

The two sons of this marriage, St. John, and Thomas Wise, 
both died childless, when the great Sydenham property, which 
was unfortunately unentailed, passed by the marriage of their 
sister Arabella to the Tremaynes of Collacombe, and since then 
of Sydenham. I say " unfortunately," merely because the present 
owner of Sydenham, Mr. John Tremayne, has inherited the 
property from his grandfather, who came to it by bequest from 
a kinsman of his own name in 1808, and is not descended from 
Arabella Wise, whereas the male line of her family did not 
become extinct by the death of her brothers without issue. 

At that time the male heir-at-law was John Wise of Totnes, 
great grandson of John Wise and of his wife Emmot Vavasour, 
second son of John Wise of Sydenham and of Alice Harris. 

This John Wise of Totnes, born in 1640, was the grandfather 
of John Wise, who married Margaret, daughter and sole heir 
of John Ayshford of Wonwell Court, in the parish of Kingston, 
near Modbury. 

The Ayshfords, descended from Stephen de Eisforde, a 
follower of the Conqueror, were long of Ashford, in the parish 
of Burlescombe ; Robert, second son of William Ayshford 
of Ashford, towards the end of the fifteenth century married 


Pliilippa, daughter and heir of Robert Hyndeston of Woiivvell, 
and from this marriage Margaret, wife of John Wise, was sixth 
in descent. She died in 1780, leaving five sons and six daughters ; 
from her second son, George Wise of Woolston, in Loddiswell, 
the present Colonel Dacres Wise of that parish is descended. 

Her eldest son, John Wise, succeeded to Wonwell, and 
married Elizabeth Froude, aunt of the late James Antony 
Froude, Regius Professor of Modern History; their eldest son, 
Ayshford Wise, sold the property in 1820, and removed to 
Ford House, a place memorable for its siege and capitulation 
to the Parliamentary forces during the great rebellion, and 
which from the Reynells passed by marriage to the Courtenays. 
Mr. Ayshford Wise married Mary, daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Whitby of Creswell Hall, Staffordshire, long represented that 
county in Parliament, and died in 1847. His third daughter, 
Julia, married, first, in 1837, R. F. De Barry-Barry, by whom she 
had a son, Robert, late Captain 60th Rifles, and, secondly, in 
184s, the late J. T. Coward, by whom she is the mother of 
Blanchard R. T. Coward, Lieutenant R.N., who married, in 18S4, 
Geraldine, daughter of Major H. W. Portnian, and niece of the 
first Viscount. His son and heir, John Ayshford Wise, a 
Deputy Lieutenant for Devonshire, Sheriff of Staffordshire 
1852, and M.P. for the borough of Stafford, married the 
daughter and heir of Hugh Booth, by Anne, daughter and 
heir of Thomas Lovatt of Clayton Hall, whose ancestors had 
resided there from the sixteenth century. At his death in 1S70 
he was succeeded by his only son, the present Major Lewis 
Lovatt Ayshford Wise, furmerl)- of the 8th, "King's," Regiment, 
who al>o owns propert}' in Somersetshire. Major Wise has two 
daughters'; his only son and heir died in infanc}', A.D. 1877. 

The arms of Wise are, sable, three chevronels, ermine ; 
quartering, first, Vepont ; second, Trevage ; third, Britt (see 
" House of Brito," post) ; fourth, Prestwood ; fifth. Brooking ; 
sixth, Ayshford ; seventh, grand quarter ; first and fourth, 
Booth; second and third, Lovatt of Clayton. 

Crest — A demi-lion rampant, gules, holding a sceptre. 

Motto — " Sapere Aude." 

Sir Thomas Wise had a grant of supporters as a Knight of 
the Bath, viz., dexter, a Y\o\-\, gules ; sinister, an ape, ppr. 



Although the connection of the Pykes of Parracombe, with 
Widvvorthy, was long since completely severed, it appears to 
me certain that the first settlement in Devonshire of their 
Norman ancestor was within the latter parish, upon the 
manor of Sutton, afterwards known as Sutton Lucy, which 
was held in 1087 by "Richard" as sub-tenant to William the 
king's doorkeeper (" Gulielmus Portitor," sometimes called 
" Hostiarius," or the Usher). 

The manor of "Acha" (Hjeg), Anglice Hayes, long subse- 
quent!)' known as Lucy Hayes, in the same parish, was also 
then held by a certain "Richard," under Baldwin the Sheriff ; 
hence it has been generally assumed that the two " Richards " 
were identical, but it is practically certain that " Richard of 
Acha " was Baldwin's brother, Richard de Redvers, afterwards 
Earl of Devon, and the fact that both Sutton Lucy and Lucy 
Hayes, after an occupation of several centuries by the Lucies, 
eventually passed to the Courtenays, who had then succeeded 
to the property of the Redvers family, has not rendered the 
matter more explicable. 

The sub-tenant of " Sutton," under the King's porter, was 
probably Richard de Lucie, a .son of Richard, Lord of Disce, in 
Norfolk, and grandson of " Geoffry " of Loiset, in Normandy, an 
admiral in the service of William the Conqueror, who fought at 
Hastings, and was afterwards one of the forty-four knights who 
were quartered for five years upon the rebellious monks of Ely. 
Richard de Loiset, afterwards known as De Lucie, received 
the lordship of Disce from Henry I., was guardian of the 
kingdom during the transfretation of that monarch in 11 12, 
and also Chief Justice of England. 

He seems to have left two sons, Geofifry and Richard. The 
first of these predeceased him, but had sons, Richard and 
Herbert, whose line soon expired ; and daughters, Maud, who is 
said to have been, as a widow, the second wife of Richard, Earl 
of Devon (which may account for the acquisition of Lucy Hayes 
by her uncle or his descendants), and Rohesia, to whom I shall 
presently return. 

Geoffry 's brother, Richard de Lucie, held lands both in Devon 


and Cornwall in the reign of King Stephen. He had two sons, 
viz., Maurice, who was of Sutton Lucy, in Widworthy, in the 
time of Henry H., and Reginald de Lucie, the ancestor of the 
Multons, who assumed the maternal name, and were Barons of 
Cockermouth from the 14th Edward H. until 1369, when the 
property devolved upon Maud de Lucie, alias Multon, wife of 
Henry Percy, first Earl of Northumberland. She died without 
issue, but by settlement, 8th Richard H., her lands were secured 
to her husband and his descendants, who have therefore since 
quartered the Lucie arms. 

Through the marriage of his younger son, Osbert,* Maurice 
de Lucie was the grandfather of Maurice de Lucie, who was of 
Sutton Lucie, co. Devon, late in the thirteenth century, but his 
eldest son, GeofTrey de Lucie, was Baron of Newington, co. 
Kent, and in litigation with his cousin Rohesia, above mentioned, 
as to the lands in Cornwall, which he had inherited from his 
grandfather, the aforesaid second Richard de Lucie. 

This Rohesia, wife of Fulbert de Dovor, had succeeded to tlie 
lordship of Disce, in Norfolk, upon the death of her nephew, 
Richard, son of her brother, Richard de Lucie, and had livery 
of the whole baron}' in 1208 ; she therefore claimed all the 
Cornish lands of her second cousin, Geoffre\', as " of the honour 
of Lucie," and King John handed them over to William de 
Briwere, as the said Rohesia's devisee, in 121 5. 

Geoffrey de Lucie, of Newington, survived until 1252. His 
son of the same name was summoned to Parliament in 40th 
Henry HP, and died in 1283, when he was succeeded by another 
Geoffrey, aged 21, 1287, who received his summons in 1296, and 
was the last Parliamentary Baron of this branch of the family. 
His father, the Lord Geoffrey, had acquired the manor of Kings- 
Nymplon, in Devonshire, by the gift of Roger Le Zouch, and 
his posterity there, down to the reign of Henry V., were 
known as " De Cornwall." The last of them. Sir " John de 
Cornwall," died between 141 5- 1422, and was the son of Sir 
Bryan, whose father, Geoffrey de Cornwall, was a min^r, and in 
the guardianship of Ligelram de Courcy, at the death of his 
father, who was also called Geoffrey, c. 1367. The family bore 

* He witnessed a deerl for Richard de Grenviie of Stowe and Bideford, <-. 1202. 


the well-known "canting" armorials, gules, three pikes hauriant, 
argent ; these fish were termed " lucies " in early heraldry, from 
the Graeco-Latiii word " lucius," a term applied to the pike or 
jack, because it was looked upon as the wolf of the river. 

The Lucys of Ciiarlecote, Co. Warwick, are the descendants 
of the Norman " Gilbert de Ghent," who, after six descents 
in various surnames, for some reason which has never been 
satisfactorily explained, suddenly assumed the name of "Lucy" 
in the reign of King John. Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote 
was satirised by Shakespeare in the character of " Justice 

During the end of the thirteenth and commencement of 
the fourteenth centuries the descendants of the great Norman 
houses began very commonly to Anglicise their continental 
patronymics, thus " De Calvo Monte" became Chammond, " De 
Campo Arnulphi" Champernovvne, " De Bosco" Boyes, or 
Wood, " De Lupo" Wolf, and "De Lucie" Fyke, and as Fyke 
or Fike the name is still extant, and has been always frequent 
in the neighbourhood, both of Kings-Nympton and Widworthy. 
Henry Pike was Sub-Dean of Exeter, in 1350, and the Fyke's 
gave name to Fyke's Ham and Fyke's Ash in the adjoining 
county of Somerset. 

There have been numerous branches of the family in the 
course of long ages ; one of these terminated with co-heirs at 
the time when Alice Luce married Simon Cole of Slade, who 
died in 1497. 

The head of another branch married the fourth co-heir of the 
great house of Valletort of North Tawton, and there was a 
subsequent marriage with a co-heir of Crewys of Netherex in 
the persons of Richard Lucy and Nichola, eldest daughter of 
William, the descendant of Sir Richard Crewys, who resided 
therein 1233, and was the second son of Richard Crewys of 
Cruse Morchard. George Fyke, in 1687, married again into 
this very ancient family ; his wife was Anne, daughter ol John 
Crewys, great-grandson of John Crewys, by Anne, daughter 
of Humphry Keynes. 

Their son and heir Humphry Fyke, owner of Nethercott, in 
the parish of Braunton, and co-patron of the vicarage of Chew- 
Magna, Co. Somerset, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of 


Robert Isaac of Westdown, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of Arthur EUis of Heme ; she was buried at Tawstock 
nth April, 1675. 

The said Arthur Ellis was maternally the grandson of Ann, 
daughter of Dr. Sutcliffe, Dean of Exeter, wife of Richard 
Hals of Kenedon, who was descended, through Fortescue, 
Speccott, Grenvile, Gorges, and Hankford, from Thomasine, 
daughter and heir of Sir Richard Stapeldon, grand niece of 
Walter Stapeldon, Bishop of Exeter, Lord Treasurer of Eng- 
land, and the munificent founder of Exeter College, Oxford, 
who fell a victim to the fury of a London mob on Tuesda)-, 
15th October, 1326. (See my Stapeldon, pp. 10, 11. See 
also Stapeldon, a Tragedy, J. N. Pjke-Nott, Act v., scene 6, 
pp. 87 et seq.) 

Through this marriage the Fykes, whose pedigree is recorded 
at the College of Arms, have, through the Grenviles, a descent 
from the Dukes of Normandy. In right of Robert Isaac, 
whose grandmother was Grace, daughter and co-heir of 
Richard Roberts of Combmartin, they inherited a moiety of 
that manor, once, as already mentioned, famous for its silver 
mines, which were first worked in the reign of Edward I., and 
successfuU)' in that of Elizabeth, at which latter period a large 
cup was made b}- order of Sir Beavis Bulmer, who then had 
a lease of the property, and was presented with a suitable 
inscription to the Corporation of London. 

Humphry Fyke of Nethercott and his wife, Elizabeth Isaac, 
were the great-grandparents of the Rev. John Fyke, who was 
bom in 1798, and was lord of the Manor of Farracombe, six miles 
distant from Combmartin, and patron of his own rectory. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John Nott of Bydown, in the 
parish of Swimbridge, and co-heir to her brother John Xott of 
Bj-down, who died in 1858. They were the parents of the 
present owner of B\-down and Farracombe, John Nott Fyke- 
Nott, who assumed the latter name, in addition to that of Fyke, 
by Royal license ist September, 1863, and married, in 1867, 
Caroline Isabella, daughter of Frederick Ward of Gilhead, 
Co. Westmorland, by whom he has, with other issue, John 
Moels Pyke-Xott, first son and heir, who was born 3rd Februar\-, 
1 868. 


The Pykes at one time owned the manor of Bowrings-Leigh, 
in the parish of West Alvington, acquired by marriage with 
Bowring about the >'car 1463, but they sold it in the seventeenth 
century, and it has been of late years the property of the 

Arms of Pyke of Parracombe. — Quarterly or and gules, on a 
chevron, barry wavy of four arg. and azure, between two trefoils 
in chief and another in base, counterchanged, a lucy naiant ppr. 

Crest. — On a mount vert, a demi lucy hauriant ppr, between 
two wings, gules, each charged with a trefoil, or. 


The Notts derive their name from their early settlement 
upon the Saxon Manor of "Noteswrde" (the neat or compact 
enclosure), now known as Notsworthy, or more commonly, 
and incorrectly, as Natsworthy, in the parish of Widecombe- 

This property, which in the Confessor's reign belonged to 
" Edward," was given by Norman William to his uterine brother, 
the powerful Earl of Cornwall, described in Domesday as 
" Robert, Earl of Mortain," and who was, with Odo Earl of 
Kent, one of the two sons of Harlowen de Conteville, or De 
Burge, by his marriage with Harlotta. 

Under Earl Robert, Notsworthy was held, in 1086, by 
Richard Fitz-Turolf, and was then taxed for "a ferling of 
land," sufficient for two ploughs, in addition to five acres of 
pasture and six of coppice wood. Resident upon it were two 
villeins or farmers, as many cottagers, and one serf 

There is the strongest probability that the descendants of 
Fitz-Turolf took name from their residence, and that one of 
them, William of Notsworthy, was identical with the "William 
Notte" mentioned in Camden's list as one of the thirty-six 
principal officers who served in the Irish expedition of the year 
1 169 under Richard Earl of Pembroke, as all these adventurers 
belonged to the noblest Norman houses, and many of thcni, 
such as the Fitz-Stephens, Cogans, and Bohuns, were also 
Devonshire landowners. 


The descendants of William de Notsworthy subsequently 
migrated to other parts of the county of Devon, one of them, 
John " Node," was a Fellow of Stapeldon Hall, Oxford (now 
Exeter College), between 1382- 1388, whilst others of his name 
and kindred were considerable landowners at East Budleigh, 
and were benefactors to that parish, as shown by the deed of 
Ralph Node and Margaret his wife, dated December 8th, 1441, 
and although their benefaction has become somewhat involved 
in obscurity, it very possibly originated the foundation of the 
"Church house" at Budleigh, as to the history of which the 
Charity Coumiissioners have been unable to recover the par- 

There is a tradition at Budleigh that Ralph Node met his 
death by attempting to fly from the summit of the church 
tower with the assistance of an unsatisfactory mechanical con- 
trivance of his own invention ; he seems to have been buried 
under a flat coffin-shaped stone, the Latin inscription upon 
which, " Pra)' for the soul of Ralph Node," has been recorded 
by Risdon and his contemporar)- writers of the seventeenth 
century, but has now become obliterated. 

The Notts of B)-down, in the parish of Swimbridge, have been 
settled there and in that neighbourhood for ver}^ many cen- 
turies; they had also property at Irishconibe, an outl}ing 
portion of the parish of Lapford, which, however, was sold, 
some years since, to the Lanes, and subsequently to Sir R. G. 
Keats. In 1524, John Nott of Swimbridge was a part)-, with 
his son John Nott the younger, to a fresh trust deed of the 
parish lands ; a little earlier James, son of John Nott, had 
married Cicely, called " Syffrels " in the V^isitation record, 
daughter of John Bonville (a natural son of Lord Bonville), 
by the eldest daughter and co-heir of John Denis of Comb- 
Ralegh, and the daughter and heir of St. Albyn. Cicely 
Bonville had been first the wife of Morys More of Morehaye.s, 
in the parish of Cullompton, by whom she had sons, Humphry 
and Christopher, and a daughter Elizabeth ; she was left a 
widow in the year 1500, and then man led Thomas \\'}vell, so 
that James Nott was her third husband ; she inherited property 
at Comb-Martin, once famed for its silver mines, a portion of 
which, b)' virtue of subsequent marriages, ultimately descended 


to the Pykes (see tlie preceding genealogy), and still belongs to 
Mr. John Nott Pyke-Nott of Bydown. John Nott, who appears 
to have been the great-great-grandson of James Nott and Cicely 
Bonville, was of Cobbaton, in the parish of Swimbridge, and 
added Uppacott to his ancestral acres in 1587 ; by his wife Joan 
Lewes he was the father of William Nott of Cobbaton, whose 
descent is duly recorded at the College of Arms, and who 
married Ellinor, daughter of John Berry of Chittlehampton, of 
the ancient house of Berrynarber. She was the sister of Dr 
John Berry, Canon of Exeter, and Vicar of Heavitree, and the 
aunt of Colonel John Berry, a celebrated Parliamentary officer 
in the West. 

John, son and heir of William Nott and Eleanor Berry, 
married Mary Bellew of Yarnscombe, marriage settlement 
dated 1644, descended from Patrick Bellew of Alverdiscott 
and his wife Anne Dennis of Orleigh, tenth in direct descent 
from Roger Bellew of Bellewstone, in the parish of Devildike, 
Co. Meath, the common ancestor of the Lords Bellew, of 
the Bellew baronets of the sister kingdom, and of the Bellews 
of Stockleigh Court, Co. Devon, and descended, maternally, from 
Archibald Flemyng, Baron of Slane, whose arms the Bellews 

The issue of this marriage was William Nott, son and heir 
of Cobbaton, whose wife Mary, eventual co-heir of James 
Harvey, brought him a son John Nott of Cobbaton, whose 
memorial inscription in Swynibridge Church gives the date of 
his death 9th May, 1756. 

He had married, in 171 1, Agnes, the only daughter and sole 
heir of John Hamond of Okewill, grandson of Hugh Hamond 
of East Downe, by his marriage with Jane, youngest of the six 
children, but, nevertheless, eventual heir of William, third son 
of Philip Wyatt, Steward and Town Clerk of Barnstaple, and 
brother of Hugh Wyatt, tlie husband of Lady Mary Bourchier, 
and of Thomas Wyatt, whose wife Margaret, widow of Richard 
Inglett, was an aunt, paternally, of Tristram Risdon, the Devon- 
shire antiquary. 

The son of this marriage, James Nott, who was buried in 
1790, at Swymbridge, married at Tawstock, in 1762, Emma, 
daughter of John Mules, the descendant of Roger Moels, of the 


Ernsborough branch of the great baroniil house of Mods or 
Mules, of which Nicholas Lord Mules was Governor of Gascony 
and Guienne, and captured the King of Navarre, for which 
service Henry III. gave him the west country manor of King's 
Carswell. (See mj' Devonshire Parishes, vol. ii., p. 372 ) 

James Nott and Emma Mules were the parents of John 
Nott of Bydown, in Swymbridge, who by his wife Susannah, 
only daughter and heir of Richard Norris of Southmolton, had a 
son James, who died childless, and a son John, who succeeded to 
Bj-down, was a justice of the peace for the county of Devon, 
and died without issue in 1S55, when his sisters Elizabeth and 
Marianne became his co-heirs. The former married, in 183S, 
the Rev. John Pjke, M.A. and J. P., of whose ancestry I have 
already treated, and whose eldest and only surviving son John 
Nott Fyke-Nott is the present owner of B}'down. 

Mr. Pyke-Nott, who was born in 1841, and was educated at 
Winchester and Exeter College, Oxford, assumed the arms of 
Nott in preferential addition to those of Fyke (together with 
the name of Nott), by Royal license, at the date already men- 
tioned, 1st Sept., 1863. 

Arms of Nott. — Gules, on a bend engrailed, or, between four 
leopards' faces, arg., an estoile of eight points between two 
martlets of the first. 

Crest. — Two mascles interlaced, in fess, or, thereon a martlet, 
gnks, ducall)' gorged of the first, in the beak a sprig of laurel, 


It is shown by the Devonshire " Domesday " that, at the 
completion of the Conqueror's survey in the )-ear 10S6, the 
land in Devonshire had become divided into one thousand one 
hundred and twelve manors of varied extent and importance. 
Seventy-eight of these, inclusive of the seats of the subsequent 
important baronies known as Plympton, Barnstaple, and Tor- 
rington, were then held by the king in demesne ; the Baron of 
Totnes, who was probably a " Brito," together with the Lords 
of Darlington, Bradninch, Bampton, Harberton, and Berry, 


owned four hundred and thirty-three between them. (Valletort 
of " Herberneforde," by the way, is incorrectly said by Lysons, 
who has also wrongly identified the propeity, to have been 
"sub-tenant" there to tlie Earl of Mortain, and the Barony of 
Harberton was ultimately annexed to that of Berry.) The said 
Earl of Mortain, as William's half brother, naturally acquired 
a somewhat undue proportion of the soil here as elsewhere ; 
he had eighty-two, the Norman warrior Bishop of Coutance 
ninety-one, and Hugh de Abrincis, " Lupus," Earl of Chester, 
four, of these Devonshire manors. The Barony of the Bishopric 
of Exeter, then held by Osbern Britt or Britolio, absorbed 
twenty-four more, that of Galfred, Abbot of Tavistock, fourteen. 

The Church in Devonshire, as well as in several other 
counties, and in Normandy, had become possessed of twenty- 
seven, the king's clerks and his domestic chaplain, " Gerald," of 
five, and his majesty's servants had been " gratifieil " with 

As " a sop to Cerberus," a very few of the noblest and most 
influential Saxons had been permitted to share in the common 
plunder, or to retain possession of fifty-one of their ancient 
heritages, by their unscrupulous conqueror. Thus two hundred 
and eighty-seven valuable properties had been left open for 
distribution amongst others of the leading Normans, and three 
alone of these, alike described as " Brito," and between whom 
there was an evident and intimate connection, and, indeed, very 
probably a close relationship, divided no less than fifty- six 
" lordships," besides being the virtual owners of many more, 
as sub-tenants to the puissant Robert of Mortain. 

The Britos doubtless derived their distinctive surname from 
their native province, and, under Alan Fitz-Hoel, 'Fergant," Earl 
of Bretagne and Richmond, flocked to the standard of Duke Wil- 
liam, and assisted him in his invasion of England. Hence it is 
that there are many " Britons, Brutons, Le Bretons, Brutaynes, 
and Bruttons," to be found in different parts of the country, 
who may be possibly unrelated to their Devonshire namesakes, 
or to each other, yet are, nevertheless, of kindred origin. But 
there were only six " Britos," positively so styled, who were 
"tenants in chief" at the period to which I am referring, viz., 
"Oger," " Waldin," "Mannus" or " Morinus," Alured, Ansger, 


and Goscelmus or Jocelyn, and all, save the fust, were tlien 
Devonshire landowners, and tiieir common name is still in- 
timately associated with this and the adjacent counties. 

" Maigno," " Mannus," or " Morinus " Brito, whose lands here 
are entered as those of "a free knight," was tenant in capite of 
the manor of "Linor" ( in Yealmpton), of Stottis- 
combe, in the same hundred, to which I shall presently refer 
again, and of Culbeer and Wilmington, in ttie parish of Offwell, 
near Honiton. The last three wrere held by him as sub-tenant 
to Baldwin de Brion, the Conqueror's nephew by marriage, and 
nearly of kin to him by blood ; he also held land directly from 
the Crown in Hertford, Northampton, and Leicester. 

Waldin Brito, who was a tenant in chief in county Lincoln, 
held the Devonshire manors of Cary and Medland under Juhel 
(Brito ?) Baron of Totnes. 

Goscelmus, or Jocelyn, Brito had twenty-se\'en manors in 
Devonshire as tenant in capite, and held similarly from the 
Crown, in the counties of Gloucester, Bedford, and Bucks. 

The chief seat of his Devonshire property was at Halwell, in 
the parish of Bri.xton ; he had a son Richard, who styled himself 
" Richard de Halwell," and who conveyed to the monks of 
Plympton his manor of Wembury (one of the " twent\--seven " 
above mentione.l), as shown by the confirmation charter of King 
Henry H. to that Priory. The grandson of this Richard 
was evidently "Sir Richard Brito, Knt ," whose name is found, 
amongst the Pole "exidences," as a considerable landowner in 
the county in the reign of Henry H. (1154-1189), and whose 
brother (Edmund ?) probably continued the male line, but from 
this period the name of Brito was abandoned for several genera- 
tions, and the family most certainly assumed that of " Halwell." 
Soon afterward 'Martin de Hahvtll " was seised of the manor 
of " Stottiscombe," which, according to the survey of 1086, 
was then held b)- " Morinus " Brito, under Baldwin de Brion, 
and which points, I think clearly, to a relationship between 
IVIorinus and Jocelyn, or else to a subsequent matrimonial 
alliance between the two families of Halwell and Stottiscombe. 

The latter manor is on the border line, between the parishes 
of Wembury and Plymstock, and after several descents the "de 
Halwells" of Stottiscombe re-assumed the name of Brito or 


Britt, and became also the owners of the manor of " Widefclle " 
(Walreddon), and also of " Brncheswrde " (Britsworthy), both in 
the parish of Wiiitchurch, near Tavistock, and which had been 
held under Mortain, the one by Alured, the other by Ansger Brito ; 
so that certain land which had been owned here by four of these 
" Britos " respectively ultimately became centred in the family 
of Britt or Britun of Stottiscombe, six of whom were succes- 
sively called " Guy de Britt," and bore for arms, sable, a fess, 
arg., between three escallops, or (the tinctures are found occa- 
sionally varied). 

Guy " Bretun" was dead before 1348, in which year his son 
" Ralph de Britt of Stottiscombe " was Sheriff of Devon. Robert 
"Britt "of Stottiscombe, " son," or more probably grandson, of 
the said Ralph, and who is said in the Wise pedigrees to have 
been "eleventh in descent from Altered Brito," had an only child, 
Margaret, who married Thomas Wise of Sydenham (see Wise 
of Sydenham ante) during the first quarter of the fifteenth century, 
and through her the Wises became the owners of Halwell and 
Stottiscombe, as also of much property at Stoke Damarell, 
where they built Mount Wise, and in other parts of Devonshire. 
Thus the elder male line of Britt of Stottiscombe became ex- 
tinct .'^ome time prior to the year 1435. 

" Richard Biito," hitherto presumed to have been a descendant 
of " Ansger," and a son of Simon Brito, is said to have been 
identical with the third of the four murderers of Thomas a 

There has been always some doubt as to the exact connection 
of this " Richard " with the Britos of the West of England from 
the complete absence of any contemporary confirmation of his 
traditional origin. 

It is shown, by the De Banco Rolls, that, as a descendant of 
"Ansger," through "Simon Brito," an ancestor of the Bretts of 
Sandford Brett, " Sir Richard " must have been great-grandson 
of Adam, younger brother of Walter Brito of Odecumbe, who 
was third in descent from the said Ansger ; but, although there 
are several pedigrees of these Britos entered on the De Banco 
Rolls, on which there are to be found three " Simons " in succes- 
sion, there is no mention of any " Richard." I find notice of an 
" Edmund," the name of Sir Richard J^rito's brother, but this 


"Edmund de Sandford " was the half-uncle of ihe first Simon 
in the pedigree by the second marriage of his grandmother, 
" Alice." 

Yet, as I have shown above, there actually was a Sir Richard 
Brito, Kt., of Devon, in the reign of Henry II., and the facts — 
that the Britos of Hohvell subsequently repudiated that name 
for several generations, and adopted coat armour, as already 
blazoned, of a very suggestive character, and perfectly ditterent 
from the bearings of other branches of the family — point strongly 
to the identity of this Sir Richard with the actor in the Becket 
tragedy.* Sir Richard Brito was a fa\-ourite at Court, and one 
of the gentlemen-in-waiting on his Roj'al master. 

I need not enter upon the details of the murder, witli 
which most of my readers are conversant, and whicli I have 
already dealt with elsewhere, sufifice it that Brito appears to 
have inflicted the final blow, which severed the scalp from the 
.skull, and "his Sivord snapped in two on the Uiarble pavement 
of the desecrated church," in which its fragments were afterward 
long preserved. 

The Archbishop thus met his memorable death on December 
29th, 1 170. Brito was one of the three who fletl to Rome to 
"receive the sentence of the Pope," and is said, after three 
adventurous years in the Holj' Land, to have been buried 
outside the church of the holy sepulchre at Jerusalem. 

The escallops in the arms of the Britts of Holwell, Stottis- 
combe, and Stoke Damarell, now quartered b_\' Major Aysliford 
Wise of Clayton, point, conclusively I think, to Sir Richard's 
crime, and consequent pilgrimage, undertaken by Papal order in 
its expiation ; it is said that, although the male line was con- 
tinued by his brother Edmund, Sir Richard left a daughter, 
Maud, whose daughter Alice was a benefactress to Wood- 
spiing Prior}-, Somersetshire, which had been founded in memory 
of the murder by William de Courtenaj- in I 2 10. 

Collinson, '" Histor)' of Somerset," asserts the parentage of 
"Maud and Alice," apparently in reliance upon the "hope,' 
expressed by the latter, " that the intercession of the glorious 

* Jocelyn brito of Holwell, Co. Devon, 10S6, father of Richard, father of Simon, 
father of sir Richard llritn, 1170. 


martyr might never be wanting to her and her children ;" it is, 
however, notewoitby that there happens to have been a contem- 
porary "Alice Brito," daughter of Walter of Odecumbe, one 
of the three sons of Walter Fitz-Ansger, and an elder brother 
of Adam Brito. This Alice was the mother of Richard de 
Hestercumbe, whose descendants bore the maternal name, for 
" Stephen le Bret," as the descendant of the said Alice, was 
shown to be heir-at-law to the reversion of Odecumbe, etc., 
which had then been alienated to the Brewers, by an '' Inq. 
p ni." 49th Henry III., 1266. 

William Biito, the third brother of Walter Brito of Odecumbe, 
as a younger son, inherited some property in Dorsetshire known 
as " Sidling," and land under the same name in the latter county 
had been held by Ansger de Montacute under Mortain. 
William Brito of "Sidling" appears to have inherited that 
property as "son and heir of William" in 1 166, and in that 
same year we find "Simon Brito" holding a half knight's fee 
ill Somersetshire under William Mohun. All writers have agreed 
that Richard Brito was " son of a father called Simon," and 
the connection between the Dorsetshire branch and this latter 
Simon is proved by the fact that in 9th Richard I., 1 198, 
Henry le Bret admitted a liability of ^5 with respect to a 
knight's fee in Maperton against " Simon le Bret;" so that "Sir 
Richard Brito" must have been actually of the same genera- 
tion as the said " Simon," his hitherto reputed father. 

Alured Brito, who is described also as Alured "Pincerna," and 
also as Alured " de Montacute, " held property in Devon, Corn- 
wall, and Somerset, and was, presumably, the ancestor of the 
Cornish Britos, and of one or more cf the Devonshire branches 
of the family as well, particularly of those long seated at Mor- 
thoe, Alwington, Parkham, and High Bickington ; but the chief 
seat of his barony appears to have been fixed at Cliiselborough, 
in Somerset, where his descendants, under the name of " Mon- 
tacute," flourished until the thirteentli century. Richard " Pin- 
cerna," who was probably his eldest son, was one of the earliest 
benefactors to the monks of Plympton, like his kinsman, " Richard 
de Holwell," as shown by their confirmation charter already 

Alured Brito '' de Montacute " appears to have been of the 


household of Robert of Moitain, and to have there occupied the 
position of chief butler ; he was the sub-tenant, under the Earl, 
of ten Devonshire and of seven Cornish manors, besides which 
he was tenant-in-chief of no less than tuenty-two manors in this 
county. He may also ha\e been identical with that "Bretellus" 
who was the practical owner of the large manor of Colebrook 
under Mortain, and he was certainly so with "Alvidus Brito," 
the sub-tenant, under Ruald Adobat, of the manor of Pains- 
ton, which is situated in the same parish. 

As I have said above, he owned the manor of " Widefelle," 
now Walreddon, which subsequentls- went to the Britts of 
Stottiscombe, and, after several changes of ownership, has now 
long been held by the Powderham branch of the Courtenays ; 
and it is particularlj' notewortliy that he was the tenant-in- 
chief of the very important manor of Wolborough, which even- 
tually passed by sale to the Brewers, and formed a portion 
of the endowment of Tor Abbey. 

And in connection with Brewer it should also be noted that 
Alured Pincerna held, under Mortain, the manor of Duiikeswell, 
" Donewoldham," and another estate adjacent to it, known as 
"Wifleurde" (Walford), in demesne. Both these properties 
afterward went to a certain "William" (who may have been 
identical with the ' William," ancestor of Wydo Brito, who was a 
sub-tenant of ludhel de Totnes, sec post), and whose descendant, 
Henry Fitz- William, alienated both Dunkeswell and Walford to 
William Brewer to pay off a mortgage in security for money 
borrowed from one " Amades," a Jew. Brewer, with the consent 
of King John, as shown by that Monarch's deed of confirmation, 
gave both the properties to the Abbey of Dunkeswell in 1201. 
Walford, now within Dunkeswell, was long a separate parish, 
and known as " Walford Church." 

I now come to Ansger Brito, also called " de Montacute," and 
as frequently " de Senarpont," who was a very large landowner 
under Mortain, both in Somerset and Dorset. In this county, 
of which I treat more particularly, he held six principal manors 
in chief — four under the Earl of Mortain, and twelve more as 
sub-tenant to Baldwin de Brion, the "sheriff." One of his 
estates, Brittsworthy, as already stated, subsequently became 
the property of the Stottiscombe family, and passed with 


its sole heir to Wise. His son Fulk, " Fitz-Ansgerii," was, 
like " Richard Piiicerna" and Richard de Hohvell, one of the 
earliest donors to the Plympton community. 

Ansger Brito was the founder of the family of Brito of 
Odecumbe, in Somerset, which was the seat of his titular 
"Barony" or honour. He had another son, Walter, who con- 
firmed his father's gifts to the monks of Bermondsey, and the 
latter was the father of Walter, Roger, Adam, and also of 
William Brito, who held the paternal acres at Sidling, and 
founded the Dorsetshire branch of the famil)-, as already men- 

In the 25th of Henry H., however, the honour of Ode- 
cumbe was in the hands of the Crown ; and, although it was 
afterwards temporarily restored to the Britos, it ultimately passed 
to the Brewers, as did Wolborough, in Devonshire, to which 
I have just above drawn attention as having been originally land 
of Aimed Brito. 

It is shown by contemporary records that William Brewer's 
Devonshire estates, known as " Bocland (now Bucklaiid 
Brewer), Puttsford, Buckeford, Sutton, and Uppecotte," were 
held as "of the honour of Odecumbe," in Somerset, and the 
latter, as the seat of Ansger Brito's Barony, was in like manner 
held as of the Earl of Mortain's " honour of Montacute," as 
was Alured Brito's " honour of Chiselborough," and thus the 
surname of " Montacute," as adopted by both Ansger and 
Alured Brito, is to be readily explained. 

According to the Survey of 1086, Ansger then held Susta- 
tone (Sutton) in demesne— Bocland under Baldwin de Brion, 
Bocheforde and Poteforde under the Earl of Mortain ; whilst 
Uppecotte (in Shebbear hundred), although it belonged to 
Baldwin de Brion, was held under him by Motbert, and must 
have been subsequently acquired by Ansger, and, with the 
others, annexed to his honour of Odecumbe. 

Collins and others have supposed Ansger Biito, alias de 
Montacute, to have been a brother of Drogo de Montacute, the 
ancestor of the Dukes of Montagu and other illustrious houses. 

It is certain that Drogo de Montacute was also a very 
important unit in the retinue of Robert, Eail of Mortain, and 
his name has been assumed, I think hastih-, to have been derived 


"from the town of Montagu, in Normandy"; it is certain, how- 
ever, that he held lands similarly under Mortain as of the 
"honour of Montacute " in Somerset, and that he was identical 
with that " Drogo " who was the Earl's sub-tenant of several 
manors in Devonshire, one of which, viz., Feniton, continued in 
the hands of his descendants for many generations, as proved 
by contemporary records. 

The history of this Somersetshire " Drogo " prior to his 
arrival in England has never, to the best of my knowledge, 
even been suggested, beyond the supposition that he was a 
native of Montagu, in Normand}', which does not, I think, follow 
his appellation, " de Montacute." The original name of the 
place, afterwards so called in Somerset, was " Lutegarsbury " 
(Lutegar's Castle) ; it stood within the manor of Bishopstone, 
which Mortain had acquired from the Church in exchange for 
another property called Caudel, and within this manor of Bishop- 
stone, Drogo held a single hide of land as of the Castle of 
Montacute, so called by Mortain without any reference to the 
Norman "Montagu," but simply in allusion to its position on 
the top of a steep hill. Tliis castle then formed the head of his 
honour, and from it, in accordance with feudal custom, his 
numerous sub-tenants were said to hold their lands ; hence I 
should suppose the name of Montacute became common to 
Drogo, to Alured Brito the butler, and to his relative Ansger 
Brito, de Senarpont — a fact which, taken alone, would not 
necessarily make them related either to the said Drogo de 
Montacute or to each other. 

There was a " Drogo " who held seventy-three manors in 
Devonshire under Jeffrey, Bishop of Coutance, who was the 
ancestor of the Cliffords, Drews, and Bremridges, and whose 
descent from the Dukes of Normandy has been ascertained. It 
is evident from the respective pedigrees that this Drogo " Fitz- 
Ponz," or " Fitz-Mauger," was not identical with " Drogo de 
Montacute"; the latter, however, held the manor of " VViborde," 
like " Finitone," under Mortain ; and within " Wiborde," since 
known as Oakford, was another manor called " Sprewe," also 
held by " Drogo," but under the Bishop of Coutance, and 
which gave name to the fauiil)' of Spurway, the present owners 
of Oakford, which, however, was sold by the Montacutes, Earls 


of Salisbury, to the Pollards, and by the latter to the Spurways 
of Spurway, who are quite possibly descended from Drogo de 

It is noteworthy that the arms of the D'Aubenys and 
those of the earlier descendants in Somerset of Drogo de 
Montacute should have been the same save for tincture. I 
should have explained this as merely evidence of feudal alliance, 
which was, I think, clearly the case with respect to the coat 
armour of Brito of Odecumbe. The Montacutes bore, " argent, 
five fusils in fess, gules" (although in later times two of these 
fusils became hidden by a sable bordure, which probably was 
intended to mark their feudal dependence upon Mortain's 
Cornish Earldom), whilst D'Aubeny (De Albini) bore, "gules, 
five fusils in fess, argent!' Brito of Odecumbe bore quarterly, 
per fess, indented argent and sable, in fir^t quarter a mullet of 
the last, apparently derived from De Vere ; Jordan le Bret held 
knights fees in Northampton under Hugh, Earl of Oxford, 
1234-1263, as shown by the Testa de Nevil ; whilst Fitzwarine's 
coat, now quartered by Wrej' as co-heir to their barony, is 
quarterly per fess indented argent and gules. Walter, son of 
Ansger Brito, acknowledged the service of fifteen knights, whose 
names have been preserved, and one of them, who held two 
fees of the honour of Odecumbe, was Alexander Fitzwarine. 

But in the case of Montagu I think that it permits the sug- 
gestion that there was an actual relationship between Drogo de 
Montacute and the Britos. 

Robert de Todeni, the Norman lord of Belvoir, County 
Lincoln, had a son William, who fought at Tinchebray in 1106, 
and is said by the strength of his single arm to have determined 
the fate of that day, which led to the annexation of Normandy 
by Henry I. to the prejudice of his Royal brother Robert. 

This William was certainly a very liberal benefactor to the 
monastery of St. Alban, and is said to have at last professed there 
as a monk, and to have been known as William de Albini. But 
there was another William de Albini, his contemporary, who 
was the King's "Pincerna," an office held by Alured Brito in the 
liousehold of the King's half brother, and this William "Pin- 
cerna " was the ancestor of the pseudo dc Albini, " Earl of 


De Todeni's son, William de Albini, has been supposed to 
have assumed the name of Brito in addition to " Albini," to 
distinguish himself from William Pincerna ; but, however he 
may have come by the name, he was certainly known as William 
Brito, and his eldest son William, who died 14th Henry II., was 
called " William Meschines alias Brito," whilst Ralph de Albini 
Brito was the ancestor of the Lords Daubeny. It is therefore 
quite possible, I think, that Drogo de Montacute was actually 
Drogo Brito, and that all the Britos who held lands in Devon- 
shire in the years that succeeded the Conquest were near 
relatives, either originally or by subsequent intermarriage. 

Another very probable ancestor of the Devonsln're Britos 
must not be overlooked, viz., "Tehelus or Tehellus Britto," who 
was a tenant in capite in Essex and Norfolk, and quite possibly 
identical with that powerful Baron of Totnes and Barnstaple, 
" luhel of Totnes," whose extraction and parentage have been 
always open to a considerable amount of question. 

That " luhel," or " luhellus," as he is stj-Ied in the Devon- 
shire Domesday, stood very high in the Conqueror's favour is 
sufficiently proved by the enormous amount of land he was 
possessed of in 1086, and the King ultimately gave him 
the whole Barony of Barnstaple. John Burhed of Totnes, 
who wrote in 1433, and whose manuscript is preserved at 
Exeter, calls him "Ludhellus." In his foundation charters of the 
priories of Totnes and Barnstaple lie styles himself "Juhellus 
filius Aluredi;" and Risdon, the seventeenth century historian of 
the county tells us that he was the son of " Alured, Earl of 
Bretagne," but as the cliarters referred to are, it is to be feared, 
but monastic transcripts of the original documents, they form 
but little authority for the original spelling of the names either 
of the son or sire. Whoever he may really have been, it is 
certain that several of his Devonshire Manors were held under 
him by a certain "William," and it is shown by the Testa 
de Nevil, that a number of knights' fees, in respect of the 
said manors, were held of Roger de Valletort, taiip. Henry 
II., and up to the 5tli of King John, as of the honour of 
Totnes, by " Wydo le Brette," who is also styled " W)do 
de Bretteville." 

Juhellus of Totnes was in arms against William Rufus, and 


was consequently proscribed ; he escaped to the continent and 
never returned to England, and, as I have noticed in my chapter 
on the " Borough of Totnes " {Ashburton and its Neighbour- 
hood, p. io8), William de Braose, his great-grandson, was 
permitted to hold a moiety of that honour, and " made par- 
tition thereof with Roger de Valletort, heir to Henry, son of 
Rdger de Novant," who, upon the disgrace of "Juhellus," had 
obtained from the Crown a very considerable portion of his 

Finally, there was an individual called " Hrettel " in the 
Survey, who was sub-tenant to the Earl of Mortain in the 
manors of Ferentone, Colebrook, and " Cherletone," or Charlton, 
and, unless it has become extinct there very recently, the name 
of Britton may still be reckoned amongst the villagers of 
Colebrook, distant a few miles from Crediton. 

With regard to the later social position of the family in the 
West of England, I find Oliver Breton returned member for the 
borough of Truro as early as 1 309. Sir Adam le Bret repre- 
sented Somerset in 1329-30; John Briton, senior or junior, 
represented Bodmin from 1384 to 1397; John Breton, Lost- 
withiel, 1386. William Breton of Canoiisleigh, co. Devon, 
was returned for Bossiney, in Cornwall, in 1746. 

Thomas "Bruerton," wiio was Ma}'or of Exeter 1580, received 
a letter from "Lord Thomas Howarde," dated April nth, 1581 
(Thomas, first Earl of Suffolk), desiring him to examine a thief 
who had stolen property from his house, and to forward said 
thief to " Wareham," " for that I mean to make an example of 
so lewde a part in m)-n own house." 

Contemporary with this Mayor of Exeter was William 
" Bruton," whose depositions concerning the rent of a house 
belonging to the Dean and Chapter, and dated "June, 1586," 
are still extant. Guy " Breton " of Stotiiscombe was appointed 
an attorney for Thomas West from February 1st to the "Feast 
of St. Peter ad Vincula," August ist, 1328, during the latter's 
absence at Santiago on a pilgrimage. This "Thomas West" 
was the ancestor of the Lords Dclawarr and the first peer of his 
family by writ of summons in 1342, and of Broadhampston, 
Co. Devon, in right of his wife Alianore de Cantalupe. 

In 1333, April 24th, "Robert Briton" of Exeter (Jocelyn 


Brito had property in that city in 1086) was pardoned uncon- 

He seems to have been outlawed for contempt of court, in 
that he did not appear to answer a plea of trespass alleged 
against him by John Percr of Crediton. 


Amongst the Devonshire property held by Alured Brito in 
1086, there were two manors on the north or north-western side 
of this county, then known respectively as " Bacetesberie " and 
" Lege." 

The latter, since known as Langle}-, i.e., long leigh, or the 
long pasture, is situated in the parish of High Bickington, the 
greater portion of which at that time belonged to Robert, Earl 
of Mortain, in whose household Alured was " Pincerna," or chief 
butler. I have already remarked that the chief seat of Alured's 
barony was at Ciiiselborough, in Somerset, and that his son 
Richard "Pincerna" was the probable ancestor of the Devon- 
shire branch of his family ; in any case, however, it is certain 
that Alured's descendants, collateral or otherwise, held the manor 
of Langley for many centuries under the name of "Britton," 
and although there were doubtless several younger branches, as 
the name has never become extinct in the district, the daughter 
and heir of Britton of Langley brought that property to her 
husband, Roger Pollard, about the middle of the fifteenth 

This Roger is unfortunately omitted from tlie pedigree 
recorded at the Visitation of 1620, and signed " Richard Pollard," 
which, however, is deficient in the matter of several generations, 
and, indeed, only records four of them between " Roger Pollard," 
who lived in the reign of Richard H., and the said " Richard," 
whose will was proved 8th May, 1626. The name of " Richard," 
I may remark, was peculiar to this branch of the Pollards of 
Way, and may possibly have been derived fiom the Brittons, as 
it accords with that of their presumptive ancestor " Richard 


As an old topographer remarks in 1638, " Roger Pollard," on 
marriage with " the daughter and heir of Britton of Langley, 
whose lands they were in times past, planted himself so firmly 
that his posterity have hitlierto possessed the same." He was 
fourth in descent from the Roger of the " Visitation," whose 
mother was Emma, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Sir 
John Doddiscomb of Compton Pole, and a sister of Cicelye 
wife of Sir John Wortlie of Worth, who had Compton Pole and 
other property for her portion (see ante, p. 297, where Sir John 
Worthe is inadvertently called " Richard.") The Pollards 
remained at Langley until about the middle of the seventeenth 
century, when the property passed by sale to Barry. Richard 
Pollard, the last of this branch, was living in 1667. 

The manor of " Bacetesberie," which was also held in demesne 
by Alured " Pincerna " in 1086, has been since known as 
" Burgh " or " Borough," and is situated in the parish of Morthoe, 
on the north coast of Devon. In the reign of Henry HI. and 
Edward I., Thomas le Brethon held the eighth part of a knight's 
fee there, as shown by the Testa de Nevil, and it is interesting, 
as confirmatory of the evident connection between the several 
families of Brito, to find that by an undated deed of the end of 
the twelfth century " Julian le Croc, in her widowhood, grants 
land in Morthoe to Hugh Valletort and Lucy his wife." The 
Crocs derived from Walter Croc, son of Annora, one of the 
sisters and co-heirs of Walter Brito in 1 196, and the latter was 
the great-grandson of Ansger Brito aforesaid. 

Although King John gave the barony of Barnstaple to the 
Tracys, his predecessor, King Stephen, had transferred much of 
ludhel Fitz-Alured's property to Henry Tracy, who was the 
only Devonshire gentleman who openly supported his interests 
against Maud the Empress ; amongst these lands was the manor 
of Combe, where "William " aforesaid was sub-tenant to ludhel 
in 1086, and it has since been known as Wollacombe (the valley 
of the Walla), and probably passed by marriage with Grace, 
Henry Tracy's daughter, to John de Sudeley, and thence to their 
youngest son William de Sudeley, alias de Tracj', the prime 
actor in the murder of Thomas a Becket. Sir William de 
Tracy appears to have resided upon his manor of Wollacombe, 
and to have retired there after his return from Norniandv in 


1 176; he must therefore have been well acquainted with his 
neighbours the Britos, and hence possibly the subsequent unfor- 
tunate association of Sir Richard Brito with the crime which 
Tracy is understood to have conceived and arranged. 

There is, I think, sufficient heraldic evidence to prove that the 
Britos of Morthoe and Brixton must have been, even at that 
time, intimately related to each other. 

Sir William de Tracy is said to have been buried in Morthoe 
Church, but the tomb there, for many years exhibited as his, is 
that of a namesake, priest of the parish in 1322, and the mistake 
as to its identity may be referred to one of Camden's numeruus 

A pedigree of " Bruton of Heavitree " (Arms, " Per pale, gules 
and azure, a fess between two chevrons, arg. ; Crest, a demi-wolf, 
ducally crowned, holding a mullet, ppr.") appears to have been 
entered at Heralds' College in 1622, but merely records the 
descent of William, third son of " Thomas Bruton alias Breton 
of Borough, in the parish of Morthowe," who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Ryder. This William had five brothers, 
Thomas, George, Philip, Robert, and Adam, and to the eldest of 
them I shall refer later on. 

It appears from the will of the said Elizabeth, who died 
2ist March, 1610-1 1, and was buried in E.xeter Cathedral, that 
the family resided at Whiuton Barton, a hamlet in Heavitree 
parish, and that her husband must have been a man of con- 
siderable property is shown by his own will likewise. He 
appears to have been lay impropriator of several rectories in 
the diocese, situated both in Devon and Cornwall ; he was also 
buried in the Cathedral, 23rd April, 1608, as were his two sons 
William and John ; the latter survived him but three years ; the 
former was interred in February, 1661-62. William Biuton, a/mj 
Breton, the elder, had also five daughters, the first of whom was 
the wife of Arthur Periman, and her sisters all married into well- 
known county families, viz., Eveleigh, Fortescue, Stroud, and 

Margaret, wife of "Will Peter," is mentioned with her husband 
in her mother's will, and the latter is to have furniture and goods 
in the house at Whipton to the amount of several hundred 
pounds. He resided there for the few months th it he outlived 

366 DK l\ 'NSHIKE I VII. LS. 

his mother-in-law, and a full account of his murder in January, 
1611-12, by Edward, son of Edward Drew of Killerton, serjeant- 
at-law, and one of Prince's " Worthies," will be found in my 
Suburbs of Exeter, under the head of " Heavitree." His 
widow married, secondly, Edward Cotton, Archdeacon of Totnes, 
second son of William Cotton, Bishop of Exeter, and died 
1 0th August, 1643. 

Margaret's eldest brother, " John Bruton alias Breton," died 
blind, as noted in the registers of Exeter Cathedral, where he 
was buried, 19th October, 161 1 ; his two children, William and 
John, were then aged six and three years old, and the license 
for the second marriage of their affectionate mother, who had 
been a Miss Dorothy Leigh of Heavitree, with Lewis Hayman, 
gentleman, of Dunchidcok ("to be married at Heavitree"), is 
dated the following 4th December. Her first husband's only 
brother, William, was then a minor, and only twelve years of 
age ; he subsequently married " Edith," a daughter of Sir 
George Smith, of Madford, in the parish of Heavitree, and 
sister of Lady Monk and of Lady Grcnville (see my Suburbs 
of Exeter, p. 17), by whom he had a family of ten children, 
all baptized at the Cathedral, of whom " William," 7th April, 
1629, was the eldest. His wife died in giving birth to iier 
youngest son George, and was buried the day after his bap- 
tism, 7th October, 1740. 

In 1622 her husband, "William Bruton," then "aged 23," 
appears to have recorded the family pedigree ; on the 20th 
February, 1639-40, he made further application to the College of 
Arms for a crest and motto, and, undsr that date, was granted by 
Sir John Borough, Garter King of Arms, " a hinde couchant 
under a hawthorn tree, all ppr.," with the legend, " Qua: delectant 
desiderantur." The preamble sets forth that " William Bruton, 
of the city and county of Exeter, Esquire," had requested that a 
crest and motto might be assigned to him to bear with his 
paternal coat of arms " without doing wrong or prejudice unto 
any other person," and the crest and motto, above mentioned, is 
theiefore " assigned and appropriated unto the foresaid coat of 
arms," as "depicted in the margin," and which is similar to the 
coat appended to the recorded pedigree, and which I have 
already blazoned. The said " crest and ynotto" however, are 


limited to the " said William Bruton and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten." 

In the " margin " of the grant there is the usual painting of 
arms, helmet mantling, crest and motto, and, on the right of the 
illuminated border, tl.c new crest of the hind and hawthorn 
bush, in the centre the Bruton arms impaling those of the said 
William's wife, Edith Smith, viz., Sable, a fess cotised between 
three martlets, or, and on the left the crest of the wife's family, 
a greyhound sejant, gules, collared and lined, or. 

The anomalous introduction of the crest of the wife's family 
into an instrument, vouched for by Garter's signature, would 
claim more serious comment were it not for the fact that the 
heraldr>- of that period had shared the fate of Gothic architec- 
ture, and had become about as cqnall}- debased ; nevertheless, 
such and similar irregularities are responsible for modern errors, 
such as the absurd and too prevalent decoration of carriages, 
plate, and servants' buttons with "ladies crests^' as they are very 
improperly termed. As I iiave remarked in Practical Heraldry, 
"ladies could neither bear, inherit, or transmit crests," and, 
" John Borough principale Kynge of Armes of Englishmen " 
nevertheless, this rule is, and always has been, in force, and very 
properly so, when it is remembered that in their origin crests 
could only be acquired by knights who had seen actual service 
in the field. The arms, called by Sir John Borough " the 
paternal arms of William Bruton," and therefore the legally 
admitted arms of the famil)' of Bruton alias Breton of Borough, 
in Morthoe, are practicall)- the same, save for tincture, as those 
accredited to Robert Fitz-Walter {"or, a fess between two 
chevronels, ^//■/d'j "), the Baron who headed " the army of God 
and Holy Church," and extorted Magna Charta from King John. 
These arms, again, are those of Clare, Earl of Gloucester, 
differenced by the apparent elimination of a chevronel, and the 
substitution of a fess in lieu of it, and their acquisition by Breton 
evidently points to a feudal dependency on the house of Clare, 
much of whose " honour of Gloucester " was situated in Devon- 
shire. (See ni}- Manor of Wiiikleigh, pp. I-24, etc.) 

It happens, singularly enough, that there were manors, both 
of "Leigh" and " Bickington," which were held from this honour, 
but both were Ro\-al demesne lands at the period of the Sursc}-, 


and not identical either with Alured Brito's manor of Langley, or 
Robert of Mortaine's "Bickington" holding. But the chief seat 
of the property of Jocelyn Brito was situated, as already stated 
{ante p. 353), at Halwell, in the parisli of Brixton, and Halvvell 
was held from the Crown as of the " honour of Gloucester," 
which "honour" came to the Clares in 12 17, and remained with 
their heirs male for ninety-seven jears. " Fitz-Walter " was 
actually a Clare, being the grandson of Robert, youngest brother 
of Gilbert de Clare, therefore he simply differenced his paternal 
arms by surmounting them with a fess, and thus one of the 
chevronels of Clare became entirely obliterated ; but as Brito 
evidently assumed them to mark his mere feudal connection 
with the Earldom of Gloucester, such difference would not have 
sufficed without an entire change of tincture — a course which was 
adopted by his kinsman of Odecunibe to mark his own feudal 
connection with the De V6re Earldom of Oxford (see ante, 
p. 360) ; and both these Brito shields may consequently be 
reckoned amongst the most ancient and interesting examples of 
arms, which were indisputably feudal in their origin. 

John Prince, having blazoned the escallop coat of Rritt of 
Stottiscombe, already dealt with above, proceeds to remark, 
very carelessly and inaccurately, as to Breton of Bacetesberie 
or Borough. " And Britt of Bathin or Bachins arms were, 
argent, 2 chevrons, paly of six, or and azure!' 

In his " Worthies of Devon," Prince includes the biography 
of " Walter Brittc," supposed, by himself, and Risdon, " to have 
proceeded from the British race," but to have been born at 
Stottiscombe. This Walter Britte, who flourished in the reign 
of Richard II., was one of the early reformers, and an advocate 
of the doctrine that "neither king or secular lord could give 
anything in perpetuity to Churchmen." 


The Brutons of Ahvington, a few miles south of Moithoe, are 
descended from Thomas Bruton alias Breton first son of 
Thomas Breton of Borough, in the latter parish, and eldest 
brother of William Bruton alias Breton of Heavitree. This 


Thomas Brutou had three sons, Thomas, William, and George — 
the latter baptized at AKvington 2nd January, 1596-97 — and two 
daughters. Of the sons, William's daughter, Margaret, married 
Edward Cotton, Archdeacon of Totnes, and a son of Dr. William 
Cotton, Lord bishop of Exeter i 598-1621. 

John Bruton, son and heir of Thomas, had a son, William, 
born 1607, who, by his wife, Elizabeth Atken, was the father of 
another William, and also of John Bruton, who died in 1694, 
aged forty-four. This John Ikuton, "in, or about," 1683, is 
said to have purchased of the Carys of Cockington the ancient 
property and residence of the Yeos of Ahvington, known as 
" Yeo Yale"* — a statement which is doubted by his present 
reprcsentati\e, who considers that his family had then resided 
at Yeo for more than a century at least. He was succeeded 
by his son, William Bruton, born 301 h August, 16S3 His eldest 
surviving son, Thomas, inherited Yeo \'ale, and was followed, 
in 1769, by his son and heir, William Bruton, at whose death, 
17th February, 1779, the property was sold to the Morrisons ; 
by his wife, Ann James, a sister-in-law of John Rleddon of 
Winscot, in the same paiish, he was the father of five sons and 
two daughters. His second son, Richard, born 21st Apiil, 
1765, was the grandfather of Mr. D. Yeo Biuton, who now 
lives in Sussex. 

In 1812 William Bruton's two youngest sons, William and 
Charles, inherited part of the Meddon propert}' by devise of 
Mr. John Meddon, their cousin, and tlie last heir male of that 
family, which had settled at Winscot through a marriage with 
the daughter and heir of the Burgo)'nes, in 1624. Col. William 
Bruton, who had a moiety of Winscot, for many ) ears com- 
manded tiie North Devon Militia ; he married into a younger 
branch of the Worths of Worth, in V\'ashfield, his wife having 
been Gertrude, daughter of the Rev. J. Worth, Rector of Higli 
Bickington, and died in 1S46. His second son, William, some- 
time Vicar of Siddlesham, Sussex, died July loth, 1881. Col. 
Bruton's brotlier Cliarles married Frances Corj' Walter ; he was 
a Deputy Lieutenant for Devonshire, and held a commission 
for thirty years in his brother's regiment of militia, and was 

* Lys 


adjutant of that corps. He died in 1850, aged seventy-one ; 
his eldest son, the Rev. Walter Meddon Biuton, Rector of East 
and West Worlington, died in 1885, and his son and heir, 
John Meddon Biiryoyne Bruton, was born at Woolfardi.s- 
worth)', April 5th, 1847. 


The honour of Bitton in Gloucestershire, distant a few miles 
from Bristol, originally comprised two hides of land, one of 
which, in 1086, belonged to the Church, was afterwards l<nown 
as the "Rectorial Manor," and was appropriated as a prebend 
to tlie Sec of Worcester. 

The other hide, witli an appanage known as " Hanham," and 
which included nearly the whole remainder of the parish, was 
given by Henry H. to Robert Fitz-Hardinge, and was thence- 
forth noiiiinally regarded as parcel of the Berkeley barony, as 
shown by an assise of 1287; yet "Bitton" was held by the 
D'Amnevilles and their descendants, not from the Berkeley?, 
but directly from the Crown, as appears from a confirmation 
charter of iltli Henry HI., in favour of Robert D'Amneville. 
The latter had two daughters, co-heirs, who each had a moiety 
of Bitton, from that time known as Bitton and Oldland. 

Oldlrind passed by marriage to Oxehaye, with one of the 
CO heirs, and after failure of her issue was sold to Richard de la 
More, who died 1292. The other co-heir married William de 
Putot, her only daughter, Petronilla, Hugh de Vivon, or Vivian, 
and in her widowhood she became the wife of David le Blund ; 
and Bitton, not without litigation, went to her younger son of 
the same name. 

In 15 15, John Lord Hiissey, of Bitton, in right of his wife 
Margaret Blund or Blount, sold Bitton to Dormer, who re-sold 
it to Berkeley, and with the Berkeleys it remained until 
1633, when the manor was dismembered and the estates 

Similarly the manor of Hanham was divided into moieties 
known as "East and West Hanham." I need not follow the 
descent of this property through its several alienations. In the 


4th Edward III., William de la Grene and John Bagwortii gave 
the manor of West Hanham to the abbot and convent of 
Keynsham, in Somerset, and witli that community it remained 
until tiie dissolution ; it was surrendered to the Crown 30th 
Henry VIII., and was ahvaj-s known as Hanham Court, and 
since then it has passed through various liancis, and is now 
the property of Mr. Philip William Poole Britton, hereinafter 
mentioned. The manor of East Hanham, or B.irre's Court, 
anciently the residence of Sir John de Button, a younger son 
of Adam D'Amneville, acquired its later name by the marriage 
of Sir Joim Barre with the granddaughter of Sir John de 
Button or Bitton, who died in 1382. 

This Lady Barre died 2nd Richard III., 1485, seised of the 
manor of East Hanham, held of John Blount, as lurd of the 
manor of Bitton; b\' Inq. p.m. her lad}'ship's heirs were found 
to be the daughters, or their descendants, of Sir John de 
B)'tton, her maternal great-gieat-grandfather. Sir John's second 
daughter, Elizabeth, married Philip Hampton, her great-great- 
granddaughter, Lucy Hampton, Sir Thomas Newton, and the 
Newtons afterward own: d Barrc's Court, otherwise Han- 
ham. The Newton barc:>tiefcy became extinct in 1743, and the 
last baronet, Sir Michael Newton, pulled down Baire"s Court 
shortly before his death. 

As to the f.miily of Britton, of Bitton, there is the same 
uncertainty as to the exactitude of their earlier tle^cent as 
exists in the cases of other members of the family. Jocelyn 
Brito was a tenant in capite in Gloucestershire in the jear 1086. 
Later on, Ricliard le Biet held three parts of a knight's fee in 
Weston, near Tetbury, temp. Henry II., of the fee of Ansger de 
K\lpec. In 1384, Joan, widow of Philip V)-nour, claimed a 
capital messuage in Tewkesbury by devise of Stephen de 
Bruton ("De Banco," Mich. Term, 8th Richard II.). After the 
first quarter of the fuuiteenth century the then lords of Bitton, 
tiie Blounts, appear to have chiefly resided at Filton or Mangots- 
field, and Bitton Court and the surrounding property was usually 
let upon farming leases. Prior to the sixteenth century I cannot 
recover evidence of the presence there of the Brittons, who were, 
I am nmch disposed to consider, cadets of the house of Breton 
of Borough, several members of which settled in the parishes 


of Parkham and Alvvingtoii considerably before the time of 
Thomas Bruton, tlie ancestor of the Brutons of Yeo Vale. 

With respect, however, to Gloucestershire, Thomas and John 
Breton paid subsidy in Oldland, the moiety of the Bitton manor 
already mentioned, as early as 1523 ; Thomas Brytayne was 
taxed for Bitton and Hanham in 1545 ; John ]5reten and Walter 
his son held land at Hanham Abbots in 1556; whilst Lczuse 
and Thomas Brytton were subsidised on the same estates in 1557. 

John Bryttan in his will, dated 1st March, 1560, and proved 
at Gloucester, 9th October, 1562, describes himself as of the 
parish of Bitton; his son Thomas, who died in 1574, was 
twice married ; by his first wife, Agnes, daughter of William 
Hoisington, he had six sons and three daughters ; of the sons 
I need only treat of the first and fifth. 

1 he latter, John Britten of Bitton, married Jane Burnell at 
Bitton Church 26th June, 1571 ; his will was proved 14th 
September, 1612. His eldest son, Thomas Britten, baptized 
at Bitton iith January, 1573, was the father of John Britten, 
who purchased the fee simple of the property upon which 
several of his ancestors are known to have resided, and became 
the owner of Bitton Court about the year 1633. 

I must now return to the eldest son of Thomas Britten and 
Agnes Horsington, Jasper Britten, who resided at Swinford, in 
Bitton parish, and desires, by his will, dated August 12th, 1590, 
to be buried at Bitton near his father; his son John was the 
father of John, whose son, of the same name, by his wife, Eliza- 
beth Ueane, had three sons, John, Thomas, and Morris Britten. 
The last named, Morris, was baptized at Oldland in 1642. By 
his second son, Stephen Britten, he was the great-grandfather 
of Simon Britton, of the parish of St. George, Bristol, who by 
his second wife, Mary, daughter of James Gage (married 1781, 
died 17S8), had, with other issue, a son, Simon Gage Britton, 
born 5th November, 1782, and a second son, Daniel Britton of 
Bristol, born 1784, died 1871, and who lived to welcome his 
great-grandson, Philip William Poole Britton (son of Henry 
William Britton, by his marriage with the daughter and heir 
of Benjamin Poole, who was only son of William Simon Brit- 
ton of Caer Brito, Bristol, by his wife Caroline Gcll, son and 
heir of the said Daniel Britton). 


Mr. Philip William Poole Britton, F.S.A., now of Bittoii 
House, Enfield, in the count)- of Middlesex, and of Hanliam 
Court, in that of Gloucester, was born 13th October, 1863, and 
married at Bristol, in 1886, Agnes Cassandra, daughter of 
Charles Alfred Carlson, in right of her grandmother, Emily 
Carlyon, a double descendant of the ancient family of Carl)-on 
of Tregrehan, co. Cornwall, and wli<3 derive their name from 
their original property, Carl)-on, near Truro. Winstanley 
Britton, eldest son of Mr. Philip William Poole Britton, was 
baptized at St. Saviour's, Bristol, 9th October, 1887, and, 
maternail)', is twenty-second in direct descent from King Ed- 
ward III. {Coll. Ar. Aniudcl, 2, No. 155); he has also, through 
a maternal great-grandmother, Mary Stackhouse, a descent 
from King Edward I., through Bohun and Courtenay.* 

Simon Gage Britton, M.D., R.N., Surgeon of the Victory 
at Trafalgar, eldest son of Simon Britton, by his wife Mary 
Gage, long resided at King's Close, Barnstaple, and was buried 
at Ilfracombe in 1856. By his wife Jane, only daughter and 
heir of Thomas Hopkins, B.A., Jesus Coll., Oxford, and rector 
of Donyatt, co. Somerset, by his wife Mary, daughter of 
Robert P'ord of Bridgewater, he had issue (with two daughters), 
Thomas Hopkins Britton, born 18 17, and Paul Ford Britton, 
born 25th January, 1819 (M.A., Exeter Coll., Oxf.rd), and now 
rector of Cadeleigh, near Tiverton, and who, by his wife Helen, 
daughter of William Short Tyeth of Pillhead, Barnstaple, is 
the father of the Rev. Artliur Paul Britton, M.A., the present 
rector of Ubley, co. Somerset, who is married, and has issue. 

Thomas Hopkins Britton was educated at Barnstaple School 
(M.A., Exeter Coll., Oxford, 1842), and afterwards Vicar of 
Newlyn East, co. Cornwall. He married, in 1846, Frances 
Hamilton, second daughter of Thomas Hoskins, Captain R.N., 
of Broxboume, Hants., and died at Exeter, 8th Ma\-, iSSo, 
and was buried at Cadeleigh. He had issue, one daughter, 
Emily Jane, and two sons, Alfred Hoskins Britton, and Herbert 
Britton, born 1849 (B.A., Balliol Coll., Oxford). 

* The second son of Henry William Britlon and of his wife, daughter and heir of 
Benjamin Poole, Ailhur Henry Daniel Britton, is a Lieut, in the 3rd liatlalion Royal 
Fusiliers, in the ist Volunteer Battalion of which regiment his elder brother also 
holds a commLssion. 


Mr. Alfred Hoskins Biitton,* born at Hockworthy, co. Devon, 
and baptized 13th September, 1848, is a Barrister-at-Law of 
the Middle Temple, and Director, Audit Department, H.M. 
Exchequer. He married, 13th September, 1878, Florence Mary, 
second daughter of S. E. Martyn, of Thurloe Square, South 
Kensington, and lias, with two daughters, an eldest surviving 
son and heir, John Alfred Hamilton Britton, born 22nd 
September, 18S2. 

The Arms of this brancii of Brito, as now recorded and 
attached to tlieir pedigree, at Heralds' College, are thus 
blazoned in the "grant": — " Quarterl)', or and gules, two 
lions passant in chief, and as many mullets of six points in 
base, within a bordure engrailed, all countcrchanged." 

Crest. — "A lion's gamb erect and erased az., guttde d'eau, 
between t«o mullets of six points, also azure" 

Motto. — " Salut a tous." 


There is a popular, but erroneous, tradition in this county that 
the " Wykes of Northwyke," in the parish of South Tawton, 
are as old as the Conquest ; and a much more absurd one, to 
the effect that a fine table tomb in the parish church there, 
evidently Elizabethan, bears the counterfeit presentment of 
" old warrior Wykes," who is roundly stated to have been 
master farrier to " Norman William," and a trusted and highly 
valued retainer of that monarch, whose charger he is said to 
have supplied with a new set of shoes on the eve of the 
battle of Senlac. 

Although there can be no question as to the great antiquity 
of the race of Wykes as Devonshire landowners, these tales 
are as hypothetical as another which very misleadingly describes 
them as having been originally known as " Wray, but styled 
Wyke, or Wykes, since the reign of Richard the Second." 

In 1086, the manors of South Tawton with Ash, Wray, in 

• His uncle, the Rev. Paul Ford Britton, who has now been for fifiy years rector 
of Cadeleigh, in this Diocese and County, was ordained priest in 1843. 


Moreton Hampstead, and Cheverstone, in Kenton [I am adopt- 
ing modern spelling), all of which save Ash, had belonged to 
the family of Harold, were alike held, in demesne, by King 
William. Wray and Cheverstone were subsequently owned 
by a family long known as de Clieverstone ; whilst North- 
wyke, in South Tawton, said by Risdon, with an anachronism 
as to date, "to have been ancientl}' the lande of William 
de Wigoren, alias Chamberlain," was for several generations, 
subsequently to 1242, held by the De Wra\ s of Northwyke, 
otherwise North Wigorn. 

It appears to me as certain that this William de Wigornia, 
rather than " Wigoren," was not only the common ancestor 
of the Wra\'s, Cheverstones, and W\-kes, but that he also gave 
name to the several properties in South Tawton, afterwards 
corrupted into West-vvyke, Week-Town, or '■ Wiggaton," and 
Northwylce, neither of which seem to be identical with the 
Domesday manors known as " Wic," or " Wice," the Saxon 
equivalent for a hamlet, from the verb, vichian, which signifies 
to reside or dwell ; hence \\q get Prancras-wick, Germans-wick, 
Wick Dabernon, Great \\'ick, and many other parishes, towns, 
and manors, in this and other parts of the countr}-. 

But in Devonshire there are only " Wykes," thus written, 
in the parishes of South Taw ton and Axminster ; and North 
Wyke, in the latter parish, is also not a Domesday manor, 
but takes name from an adjacent property, long known as 

There is every reason to assume that "William de Wigornia"* 
gave his name to North and West Wyke, and to Wiggaton, 
in the parish of South Tawton ; he was certainly the ancestor 
of the W)'kes, and was also the owner of Wra\-, in Moreton 
Hampstead, and of Ciieverstinie, in Kenton, and seems to have 
been one of the >'oun_;er sons of Robert de Bellomonte, Earl 
of Mellent, and dejure, Earl of Worcester, by his marriage with 
Maud, daughter and co-heir of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall. 
Hence he was known as "de Wigornia" — in English, William of 
Worcester. The whole of the South Tawton property I have 

• His brother, "Robert de Wigornia," a Us " Cliamherl.iin," married Jane, 
daushter and co-heir of Baldwin de Bel.^ton, and seenij lo have died, ,f. p. 


mentioned came into the liands of Henry the First upon the 
death of his brotlicr, William Rufus, in the year i lOO. King 
Henry, by Elizabeth, daughter of Robert de Bellomonte, Earl 
of Leicester, had with other left-handed issue, the aforesaid 
Reginald, Eail of Cornwall, possibly,* and a daughter, Con- 
stance, certainly, to whom he gave the whole of the manor 
of South Tawton, upon her marriage with Rosceline, Viscount 
de Bellomonte, and it is shown, by the Pipe Rolls, that she 
received the rents, etc., etc., in 1157. 

Therefore, Elizabeth de Bellomonte was, in such case, not 
only the mother of the lady of the manor of South Tawton, 
but she was also the aunt of Robert of Worcester, Earl of 
Mellent, the husband of her granddaughter, Maud of Corn- 
wall, and both the great-grandmother and the great-aunt of 
"William de Wigornia," who doubtless obtained, primarily, the 
Royal manors of Wray and Cheverstone, through his frail 
relative's connection with royalty, and the Wyke estates, 
subsequently, by arrangement with his cousin, Richard de 
Bellomonte, who succeeded his mother at South Tawton 
after 1157. This Richard had no male issue; his daughter 
and heir, Constance de Bellomonte, married Roger de Toni, 
about the year 1162, and the ultimate heir of de Toni 
brought the Devonshire property to Guy Beaucliamp, Earl 
of Warwick, who died in 13 15. The latter was maternally 
descended from Henry de Bellomonte, alias de Newburgh, 
brother of the first Earl of Leicester, and therefore uncle 
of the first Earl of McUent and Worcester, as well as of 
Elizabeth, King Henry's mistress ; and it was in consequence 
of the minority of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who 
was only two years old in 131 5, that the manor of South 
Tawton was sometime in the hands of King Edward H. — a 
fact worth mentioning, because the county historians who have 
referred to the Warwicks, as owners of South Tawton, have 
never attempted to explain how the manor came into their 
possession. t 

* It has been sometimes asserted that the mother of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, 
was a daughter of Sir Robert Corbet. 

t The Earls of Mellent were of kin to the Dukes of Normandy. Adeline, daughter 
of Walcran, and sister and heir of Hugh, Earls of Mellent, married Roger de 


As both Robert and William de Wigornia, who were 
equally related to the early lords of South Tawton, both 
before and after the separation of that manor from the Royal 
demesne, are sometimes called "Camerarius" or Chamberla\-n, 
they probably held office, successively, under King Henry II., 
their kinsman. I may add that they were lilcewise the 
brothers-in-law, through the marriage of their sister Mabel, 
of William de Vernon, Earl of Devon, who died a very old 
man, in 1 2 17. Her daughter Mary married Robert Courtenaj', 
and hence it may have been that William de Wigornia's 
descendant, Sir Julm Cheverstone, some generations afterward, 
devised the whole of his property to the Courtenaj's, failing 
his issue by Jane, his wife, sister of his kinsman, Sir Philip 
Courtenay of Powderham ; thus Cheverstone has descended 
in the Courtenay family since the reign of Richard II. 

William de Wray, who, according to Sir William Pole and 
others, was seized of Northwyke 27th Henry III., was a 
grandson of William de Wigorn, and son of William de Chever- 
stone, and the uncle of Sir John Cheverstone, who owned Wray, 
and married the heir of Bozun, through which match he obtained 
Ikon Castle and other property, which was also eventually 
devised to the Courtenays.* William de Wray of Northwyke, 
thus described in 1242, seems to have inherited that pro- 
perty, together with tlie other estates in South Tawton, now 
known as West Wyke, Middlcwick, Gooseford, and the Manor 
of Ash, and Ash House was an occasional seat of the younger 
sons of the family down to the end of the sixteenth century, 
and was last held, as a residence, by John, fourth son of the 
real " Warrior Wykes," who was buried at South Tawton in 
1597, aged forty-five. Ash Manor was an appanage of the 
Royal Manor of South Tawton, and was originally held, in 
partage with Queen Githa, by Alric the Theign, and taxed 

BcUomonte, and had sons, Robert, Earl of Mellent and Leicester, and Henry of 
Newburgh, Earl of Warwick. 

Robert commanded the right wing of the Conqueror's army at Hastings, and after- 
ward "exceeded all the nobles of England in favour and riches." His son Robert 
succeeded to the Earldom of Leicester, whitst Waleran inherited the Earldom of 
Mellent, and became officiary Earl of Worcester in 1 144, and was thence known as 
"Waleran de Wigornia." He was the father of Robert, father of "William de 
Wigornia " of South Tawton, and of Robert de Wigornia of Belston. 
• See Cheverstone genealogy, fosf. 


for a virgate and a half of land. In 1086 the king had six 
villeins and one serf upon Ash Manor, together with three 
ploughs. William de Wray was succeeded at South Tawton 
by Walter de Wray of Wyke, in 1278, whose son William, a 
younger son of ''Walter of Wyke," granted to "William, son of 
Anthony " of Tavistock, a meadow called " Blakedhic mede," with 
metes and bounds, reserving a six-foot way to his (the grantor's) 
other meadow, called " Le Ham," by deed dated " morrow of the 
Circumcision, 14th Edward I." (2nd January, 1285-86). This 
property was situated at Wilmington, near Tavistock. Both the 
Wykes, antl their connections the Beaumonts, had outKing 
property at Tavistock, and tlie former are frequently mentioned 
in ofificial cmiiection with the Devonshire Stannary. The son 
and heir of Walter de Wray of Wyke, Roger de Wray of 
Northw)ke, appears to have left Walter de Wray of North- 
wyke, son and heir, and " John atte W)ke." The latter was 
the father of John Wykes, a benefactor to Stapeldon Hall, 
now Exeter College, Oxford, 8th November, 1358, and who 
was Recorder of Exeter from 1354- 1379. 

The Recorder's uncle, Walter de Wray of Northwyke, was 
succeeded by his son Roger de Wray of North w\ke in 1345. 

The Wray estate appears to have been settled upon the 
first Walter's younger son, William of Tavistock, 1285, and his 
heirs of bod}', and to have passed with his daughter and heir 
to a certain Ralph Abbot (see Wra\' genealog)', post), and 
by the marriage of Joane, daughter of " Archinalds " Abbot 
to Norris. During the reign of Richard H. it again reverted 
to a descendant of iis early owners by the marriage of Richard 
de Wraye, whose branch had settled at "Trussell," vviih 
Alice, sister and heir of John Norris, and afterward descended, 
with successive heires-es, to Fi>rd, Corsett, and Southnieade. 
That the " Wra)-s " of "Trussell," now represented by Sir 
Henry B. T. Wray of Tawstock Court, are collateral kinsfolk 
of the Wykes, is proved by the similarity of the armorial 
bearings of the two i'amilies. Until they removed to Trebitch, 
in Cornwall, they resided at "Trussell," otherwise Thrushelton, 
near Maristow, upon some barton land, to which they had 
given the name of their ancient property at Moreton. 

Tlie children of " Roger de Wray " of Northw\-ke were 


contemporary with the Abbots of Wray, and it was probably 
for this reason that they abandoned the surname of Wray, an 
estate with wliich they had become disassociated, in favour 
of W)ke, the piopert}- with wliich for some generations they 
had been more closely identified. John (Ri^don calls him 
"Joseph") W}'ke replaced John Herle, Sheriff of Devon, during 
the latter portion of the third year of Hciu)- I\'., and "William 
Wyke of Northwyke," alive in 142 1, commences the pedigree 
entered at the earlier visitations of the Heralds of Arms, which 
were first held in Devonshire in 1531. 

He married Katherine, daughter and heir of John Burnell of 
South Tawton, a familj- which had been settled for several 
generations at Great Cocktree in that parish, and is said to have 
made his wife's home the principal luture residence of himself 
and his immediate successors. 1 hat the King's Royal Manor 
of Elintone, in South Tawton, wliich also belonged to the 
Wykes, should have been subsequently known as " Ilton," the 
name of the Castle in the parish of Marlborough, built by 
the Cheverstones, and subsequently left to the Courtenays, may 
be another slight, but quite unnecessary, proof of the identity 
of the latter name with that of Wyk-es. These two "Iltons" 
are the only places so called in Devonshire. 

William Wykes and Katherine Burnell had four sons, viz., 
John, the eldest, who married into the Luttrell family — the 
marriage settlement is dated in 1421 — and died childless; 
Kichard W)'kes of Cocktree and Northwyke, second son and 
heir to his brother ; John, whom I suppose to have been the 
ancestor of Weekes of Honeychurch, and who will be referred 
to later on ; and Roger Wykes of Bindon, in the parish of 

This Roger Wykes, by grant of Nicholas Bach, dated 
7th Henry IV., 1406, appears to have acquired Bindon, perhaps 
in marriage with the devisee's daughter; he resided there after- 
ward, and abandoned his paternal for his maternal arms, and 
bore the coat of Burnell of Cocktree, ayg., three barnacles, sab., 
differenced with a chevron, enn. By his marriage, as a widower, 
with Jane Bisset, he obtained a life interest in Radbours, County 
Dorset. He was buried in Trent St. Andrew's, near Sherborne. 
By his first wife he left a son, John, who married into the house 


of Camill of Shapwick, and had issue John, whose wife, EHza- 
betli Lyte, of L)tes-Cai)', County Somerset, brouglit him two 
sons, John and Richard. The latter eventually succeeded as 
heir of entail to his nephew William Wykes, married a Somaster, 
and left four daughters, who married Giffard, Hays, Barry, and 
Erie, and amongst them and their descendants the property 
became divided. Mary Wykes, the youngest daughter, was the 
wife of Walter Erie, who purchased his brother-in-law Giffard's 
share, and made Bindon his residence. He was the grandfather 
of Sir Walter Erie, a distinguished Parliamentary general, whose 
grandson, General Erie, commanded the centre of the English 
army at the battle of Almanza, 1707. The latter's daughter, 
Frances, mairied Sir Edward Erie, Bart, of Maddington, Wilt- 
shire, ami their only child was the wife of Henry Drax, of 
EUerton Abbey, Yorkshire, secretary to Frederick, Prince of 
Wales. Bindon was sold by her son Thomas Erie Drax, who 
married Mary, daughter of Lord St. John of Bletshoe. Two of 
the sisters of the last owner of Bindon were the Ladies Berkeley 
and Castlehaven, another was the wife of Sir William Hanham, 
Bart. Tlie Charborough Park estate and other property, inherited 
from Wykes through Camill, descended to the late Mr. J. S. 
Sawbridge, M.P., who assumed the name of Drax by Royal 
licence, and his daughters and their issue still represent the 
family of Wykes of Bindon. 

To return to Northwyke. Richard Wyke, of Northwyke 
and Cocktree, brother of Roger of Bindon, was dead in 1476, 
by his wife, to whom he had been married at least thirty-eight 
years, and who was a daughter of John Avenel, of Blackpool, 
one of the direct representatives of the ancient Earls of Devon, 
of the house of Redvers, as I have shown elsewhere,* he had 
three sons and a daughter, Margaret, who married one of the 
Whiddons of Chagford, and was the grandmother of the well- 
known Judge Whiddon, who died in 1575. 

It is to be feared that this Richard Wykes alienated much of 
the family propert)'. It was about his time that the Battishills 
became settled at Westwyke, and it is certain, from an extant 
conveyance, that he sold a considerable portion of the manor 

* .See my Subui-hs of Exeter, sub. "Earldom of Devon," pp. Sl-87, etc. 


of East Ayslie to his neighbour, Richard Northmore of Well 
(see Northmore Pedigree, ante). The deed is dated 4th Edward 
IV., A.D. 1464. It was also about this period that the Milfords 
(evidently a place-name, Llill-ford) became settled at Wigginton, 
alias Wyke-Town ; the first of them, described as of Wiccanton 
ill the Heralds' Visitation of 1620, was buried at South Tawton, 
in 1 5 88. 

Richard Wjkes' son, William, is described as of Nortluvjke, 
ill 1476; it is shown by an Inquisition, 15th Henry VIII., that 
his son of the same name duly succeeded to Northwyke ; the 
latter, b}' his wife Jane Prideaux of Thuborough, in the parish 
of Sutcombe (a baronetcy, recently extinct, was afterwards 
created in this famil}-) had sons, John, Richard, William, and 
Thomas, and a daughter, Jane, the wife of John Baron. 

Tlie eldest son, John, commences the pedigree of the family 
entered at the Heralds' Visitation of 1620, and is duly described 
as "John Wyl<es, of Northwyke, in com. Devon, Esq." His first 
wife, and the mother of his famiU-, was Elizabeth, a co-heir of 
the Pokeswells of Cristoii, co. Somerset ; but he married, 
secondly, a kinswoman, Jane, daughter of Walter Wray, of 
Wra)-, in Thrushelton, and left her a widow, loth August, 1545. 

His son and heir, John Wykes, of Northw)-ke, was "aged 20 
years and more in 1545." He married Mar}', daughter of Sir 
Roger Gifford, Knight, of Brightleigh, a direct ancestor of the 
present Lord Chancellor, died at the end of October, 1591, and 
was buried in South Tawton church on the following first of 
November. He was evidently the " Warrior W) kes " of the 
local tradition already mentioned. His fine specimen of an 
Elizabethan tomb may be seen in the noith, or " Wyke's 
ai>,le," of the parish church, and supports his full-length 
effigy clad in the half armour and enormous ruff of the 

He left a large family — eight sons and three daughters — and 
of them it is only necessary to mention here the two eldest, 
Roger and Mark, and to the latter I shall presently refer again. 
The eldest son, Roger Wykes of Northwyke, whose will was 
proved at Exeter, in February, 1603-4, was the father of John 
" Wikes " of " Northwicke," alive in 1620. His wife, Grace, 
\\ as of the good old county family of Arscott of Tetcott, and by 


her he had seven children ; of these his eldest son, Roger, pre- 
deceased him, and is the last entered upon the Visitation 
Pedigree, in which he is described as " over 15 years of age" in 
1620. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas Southcote of 
Mohuns Ottery, and a member of a well-known county family. 

His second son, John Wikes, baptized 2nd May, 161 1, 
married Priscilla Kingvvell, and succeeded his nephew, John 
Wykes of Northwyke, as heir male at law, in 1661, and died 
in 1680, but was unjustly deprived of his heritage, under cir- 
cumstances which may well be regarded as a romance of 
history. By his wife Priscilla Kingwell, widow of Richard 
Hole, he had two sons and three daughters ; his eldest son 
died before him unmarried ; the younger, Roger Wikes, was 
twice married, died at sea in 1694, and left an only daughter 
and heir, Grace, who was baptized at South Tawtoii, 23rd 
April, 1673. 

John Wykes, son of Roger, and Mary Southcote, and who 
had a sister Katherine, the second wife of Edmund Parker 
of Boringdon, ancestor of Lord Morley, succeeded to North- 
wyke upon the death of his grandfather. He was of an 
exceedingly weak and vacillating disposition, and fell into 
the hands of designing men, who, after his eaily tleath, from 
phthisis, in 1661, at about the age of twenty-five, literally 
entered upon Northwyke at the point of the sword, as will 
be fully explained hereafter. I have now, however, to return 
to Mark Wyke^, his great-great-uncle, and his great-grand- 
father's second brother. 

This Mark, the favourite son of his mother, Mary Giffard, 
was settled at South Tawlon upon an estate known as Colli- 
bear ; he was twice married, and had issue by both alliances. 
His eldest son, John Wykes of Collibear, by his wife Joan Hole 
of Blackball, in South Tawton, was the father of John Wykes 
of Collibear, whose son, Nathaniel Wykes of Swansea, claimed 
the Northwyke estates as heir male at lazv, upon the death, 
at .'^ea, of his kinsman Roger Wykes, in 1694. His pedigree is 
duly set forth in the pleadings connected with this memorable 
Chancery suit, which extended over forty years, and was never 
satisfactorily settled. He had several children, and of them his 
son, Nathaniel, was the father of William W\kes. hnried at 


South Tawton, 9th November, 1800, whose only daughter and 
heir, Mary Wykes, was married to Charles, grandson of Wil- 
liam Finch, who married Agnes Lambert of South Tauton, in 
1719 ; he was of the Kentish family which claims a common 
origin with the Herberts, Earls of Pembroke, and which is 
now represented in the peerage by the Earls of Winchilsea. 
Mary Wykcs had a son, Charles Finch, baptized at South 
Tawton, i8th February, 1798, who was the father of the Rev. 
William Finch, M.A., St. John's College, Cambridj^e, now of 
Northwyke in the parish of South Tawton, and of Chaddesley 
Corbett, co. Worcester. 

Mr. Finch, of Northwyke, married a daughter and co-heir 
of Josiah Perrin, of WHiarton, co. Chester, and maternally 
descended from John Dudlej' of Davenham, co. Chester. 


The connection between this family, and that of which I have 
just previousl)' treated, must doubtless be referred to a certain 
Robert W}-ke, whose daughter Joan married John de Honey- 
churche late in the fifteenth centurj-, who resided at Tavistock, 
but was the owner of land in Honeychurch, situated seven 
miles from Oakhampton, from about the reign of Henrj- III. 

This Robert Wyke was contemporary with William W}d<es of 
Northw3ke, v\ho I consider must have been his first cousin, and 
the nephew of his father, John Wykes, who was living in 1435. 
Otherwise the arms of Wyke of Northw\ke would not have been 
admitted to " Weeks of Honej'churcli," as they appear to have 
been at the Heralds' Visitation of 1620. 

That the primary settlement of this branch at Honejxhurch 
was due to the marriage of Joan Wjkes with John de Honey- 
church is tolerabl}' certain, but there is a hiatus in their history 
for three generations, since the ancestor of Weelces of H<ine\-- 
church, as recorded at the Visitation referred to, was " Sir 
Richard Weekes, Knight, of Honeychurch" (contemporar)- with 
John Wykes of Northwyke, " aged 20 years and more, 1545"), 
and who is reputed to have married an unknown daughter of 
Cary of Clovell}'. Sir Richard was the grandfather of Simon 


Weekes, also of Hone)'cliurcli, whose son William married 
Armiiiell, daugliter of John Yeo of Hatherley by his wife 
Anne, daughter of William Honeychurch of Honeychurch and 

Their son Simon seems to have removed to Broadwood- 
Kelly, and his eldest son Francis Weekes, aged thirty in 1620, 
married Wilmot Coffin of Portledge, and had six sons and a 
daughter. Of these, Richard Weekes, the third son, resided at 
Hatherleigh, was a " gentleman pensioner," that is to say, a 
member of the body now known as " The Honourable Corps of 
Gentlemen at Arms," and died in the Fleet Prison in February, 

Mr. Richard Weekes seems to have been little better than a 
common adventurer, and his history has been handed to us, 
very clearly, through the mediuin of original documents filed in 
the Court of Chancer}' ; he made the acquaintance of poor 
)'oung John W}'kes of Northwyke, persuaded him that he was a 
near relative, although the family at that time, or since, have had 
no clue even to the slight connection, which doubtless subsisted 
between them, as above explained, and persuaded him, to the 
prejudice of his immediate relatives, to execute a conveyance of 
tiie Northwyke estates in his favour. 

John Wykes of Northw) ke was, as I have alread)' said, a 
victim to consumiition. Shortly before his death, in 1661, his 
friend, and very 1 emote kinsman, of the Royal bodyguard 
pt-rsuaded him, in opposition to the wishes of his widowed 
mother and of his onl)- sister Katherine, afterwards Mrs. Parker 
of Boringdon, to undertake a journey to Pljmouth on the 
pretence of some special medical advice. Ultimately John 
Wykes was induced to execute a deed of settlement, dated 
29th August, 1 66 1, of the whole of his property, inclusive of the 
ancient seat of the family, to this Richard, under great pressure 
by the latter, and two medical men, his near relatives, whom he 
had secuied in his interests. But this conveyance was endorsed 
with a power of verbal revocation, and left in the custody of the 
young squire of Northwj-ke, who then insisted on returning 
forthwith to South Tawton. He died at Northwyke shortly 
afterward, but in his last moments expressed sorrow to his 
mother, sister, and other witnesses, for the action adverse 


to their interests, whicli he had been induced to take, and 
solemnly revoked the deed by word of mouth, but failed 
to cancel it in writing. 

John Wykes was gathered to his ancestors on Saturday-, 
2ist September, 1661, and on the following Sunday evening 
Mr. Richard Weekes made his appearance at Northwyke, stated 
that he was " come to perform the devil's part and his own," 
drew his sword, and held it at the breast of Katherine X-V'ykes 
and her mother, and threatened to kill them both unless they 
forthwith left the house and gave him quiet possession. 

Ultimately, as sworn in the " pleadings," he knocked down 
the sister, locked up the mother, then broke into the room 
where "all the deeds, evidences, and writings of tlie family" 
were preserved, and carried them away. He survived for nine 
years, and died a prisoner for debt in London, as I have 
already stated, in 1670. His son Richard, despite the pro- 
tracted Chancery proceedings, entered into possession by virtue 
of the deed of settlement, which had been duly signed and 
sealed by John Wykes before he left Plymouth ; married the 
daughter of Mr. John Northmore of Well (see Northmore 
history, ante), and left at his decease, 1696, three sons and 
three daughters. 

The eldest son, John Weekes, succeeded to Northwyke, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of William Northmore, of Throw- 
ley, and was buried at Lezant in 1750. He had no family, 
and in consideration of an annuity he sold the Northwyke 
estates to his sisters during his lifetime. 

The manor of Ilton was t'nus conveyed to Robert Hole of 
Zeal Monachorum, tlie husband of Martha Weekes, together 
with Great Cocktree and other lands. Northwyke became the 
property of George Hunt of North Bove}', the second husband 
of Elizabeth Weekes, who administered to her brother's effects, 
unadministered, in 1751. 

There are said to have been more than a hundred different 
suits in respect of the Northwyke lands between the years 
1661 and 1700. Of late years the old mansion has been 
divided into two farmhouses, but is rich in mullioned windows 
and fine oak panelling of the Elizabethan period. It was not, 
however, as recently stated in a newspaper, "the residence of a 


Lord Chief Justice Hunt in the sixteenth century," and history, 
moreover, is silent as to any such individual of the race of Hunt. 

It has recently been sold by the executors of a late owner, 
together with four hundred acres of the surrounding property, 
and has been promptly purchased for over ;^4,ooo by the 
Rev. William Finch, who, as I have already shown, is the great 
grandson, twice removed, of Nathaniel Wykes of Swansea, who 
became the head of the family of Wykes of Northwyke and 
South Tawton in 1694. 

The Arms of Wykes of Northwyke, allowed also to Weekes 
of Honeychurch in 1620, are, ermine, three battleaxes, sable. 
The Northwyke family quarter Burnell, Avenel, and Powkes- 

The Honeychurch branch was entitled to quarter Kelly by 
the marriage of Richard, eldest grandson of Sir Richard Weekes, 
with Alice, daughter and heir of Henry Kelly, but the right 
passed with her daughter and heir to the Haydons of Ottery 
St. Mary. 

South Tawton extends over 10,878 acres of land, five 
thousand of which were owned by the Wj-kes of Northwyke 
for many centuries. 



" William de Wigornia," son of Robert de Bellomonte, Earl of ] 
Mellent, son and heir of Walleran, officiary Earl of Worcester, 
and whose brother, Roger de Wigornia, or "de Wyrescestrin," 
also styled " Roger de Meuelent," was a churchman, and held 
the prebendal stall of Bromesbury in St. Paul's Cathedral in 
1 192 (Reg. Dec. and Cap., Lond., f 57), obtained a grant of 
the above manors, with the exception of Ilton, during the reign 1 
of Henry H., as shown by the preceding history of the family 
of " Wykes of Northwyke." 

He appears to have had a son, William, who certainly in- 
herited the South Tawton manor of Ayshe, and is mentioned 
also as the owner of Wray, in Moreton-Hanipstead. He seems 
to have assumed the name of his Kenton propert)' and to have 


been known as " William tie Cheverstone." He was the father 
of " William de Wray," who was found seised of Northw)ke 
in 124?, and also of another son, " Sir John de Cheverstone," 
whose son, of the same knightly rank and name, acquired 
Iltcn Castle, in the parish of Marlborough, near Kingsbridge, 
in marriage with a co-heir of Bozun, whose sister, the other 
co-heir, married Ferrers of Bere. His son, Ralph Cheverstone 
of Ilton, temp. Henry HI., has been described as the "father," 
but WHS actually the grandfather of Sir John Cheverstone, 
whose wife was Joan, a daughter of Hugh, Earl of Devon, 
and sister of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powdeihani. 

The last Sir John's father, John Cheverstone, had license, 
9th Edward HI., to castellate his residence at "Ydilton" (Ilton) 
as shown by the Patent Rolls of the year 1335, and the latter 
had also a daughter who married into the Halwell famil\-, of 
Harberton, and left a son, Tiiomas de Hahvell. 

Sir John Cheverstone the younger, by deed of settlement, 
gave the reversion of the whole of his property to his brother- 
in-law. Sir Philip Courtenay, failing his own male issue. His 
wife, Joan Courtenay, is mentioned in her mother's will, dated 
28th Januar)-, 1390, and, although the Courtenays duly suc- 
ceeded to the Clieverstone estates by virtue of the con- 
ditional reversion, Thomas de Halwell, upon his uncle's death, 
became heir general at law. 

The latter's descendant. Sir John Halwell, appears to lia\-e 
assumed the arms of Cheverstone, and immediately after the 
accession of Henry VII., 1485, he commenced an action 
against Sir William Courtenay of Powderham, for the recovery 
of the Cheverstone estates. After a tedious litigation, which 
extended over some years, it was ultimately decreed that the 
Courtenays should continue in the quiet possession of their 
land, as they have since done, but only after payment to the 
plaintiff of the sum of one thousand pounds, upon a da}' named 
" within the King's Tower of London." 

Sir William Courtenay, who survived until 15 12, was ex- 
ceedingly indignant at this award, after the lapse of so many 
years of undisputed possession of the lands, and is said to have 
counted the money tait to his antagonist in groats, which he 
maintained to be an ancient, and still strictlj- legal, tender. 


These Halwells of Harberton must not be confounded with 
their namesakes of the "House of Brito " {ante, p. 353), there 
were, and are, several places in the county called Halwell, 
the word being a corruption of " Holy-well." (See my Ash- 
burton and its Neighboiirliood, p. 7.) 

Sir John Halwell of Harberton had a son and heir, Richard, 
and is also asserted to have had another son, the father of 
Andrew " Holwell," to whom I shall presently refer. Richard 
Halwell, son and heir of Sir Joiin, married Anne, daughter and 
heir of Sir John Norburj', by whom he had an only daughter, 
Jane, erroneously described (L) son's, Magna Britannia, Devon, 
Vol. I., p. clxvi.) as the eldest of " six co-heiresses." 

The five ladies thus cited, minus one, " Fridiswide," who has 
been omitted entirely, were the daughters of the said Jane 
Halwell, by her marriage with Sir Edmund Bray, Knt, who 
was summoned to Parliament as Lord Bray, 21st Henry VHI. 
Jane's only son, the second Lord Bray, died s.p. in 1557; her 
eldest daughter, Anne Bray, was the wife of George Brooke, 
Lord Cobham ; her grandsons, Henry, Lord Cobliam, and his 
younger brother, George Brooke, were both attainted, conse- 
quently the abeyance of the Bray barony was permitted in 
1839, to the descendant and representative of Jane Hal well's 
second daughter, Elizabeth Bray, who married Sir Ralph 
Verney, the ancestor of Sir John Verney, created Baron Verney 
and Viscount Fermanagh by Queen Anne. The third daughter 
of Lord Fermanagh, Margaret Verney, married Sir Thomas 
Cave, and her great-granddaughter, Sarah Cave, became, with 
Royal permission, Lady Bray, in her own right, at the date 
above mentioned. 

Lady Bray married Henry Otway of Castle Otway, and 
survived all her four sons. At her death, in 1862, the Bray 
barony again fell into abeyance between her four surviving 
daughters, and was terminated, in 1S79, by tiie youngest of 
them, Henrietta, the wife of the Rev. E. VVyatt-Edgell, and 
the mother of the present Lord Braye,* whose eldest brother, 
as Adjutant of the 17th Lancers, was killed in action at 
Ulundi, 4th July, 1879. 

* The name, now thus written, appears to have been originally spelt as above. 


Jane Halwell's great-grandson by her eldest daughter Anne, 
was, with his brother. Lord Cobham, implicated in tlie plot 
known as " Ralegh's Conspiracy," for the asserted advancement 
of Arabella Stuart to the throne, in 1603, and (although tiie 
principal actors, inclusive of his brotlier, were reprieved, and 
the sentence upon Sir Walter Ralegh was not carried out 
until 161 8), George Brooke was executed, his property was 
attached, and liis attainder was never reversed ; he married, 
however, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, last Lord Borough, 
and had an only son. Sir William Brooke, Knight of the Bath, 
whose wife was Penelope, daughter of Sir Moses Hill, by whom 
he had three daughters, the eldest of whom, by her second 
marriage with Sir William Boothby, had an eldest son, William 
Boothby, wiio inherited the baronetcy at the decease of his 
step-brother's son, Sir Henry Boothb)', and a younger son, 
Brooke Boothby, whose son of the same name became the 
sixth baronet in 1787, and was the great-great-grandfather of 
Sir Brooke B(jothby, the present baronet, of Broadlow Ash, 
CO. Derby, who is, therefore, the direct representative and heir 
at law of the Cheverstones of Kenton and Ilton. 

As I have previously remarked, however, Sir John Halwell, 
who recovered the large sum of one thousand pounds in his 
litigation with the Courtenays, in right of his descent from 
Ann, sister and heir general of Sir John Cheverstone of Ilton. 
the husband of Joan Courtenay, is said to have had a \ounger 
son, who was the father of a certain Andrew " Holwell," who 
died in 1624, and who was the ancestor of an Exeter physician, 
William Hohvell, whose grai\dson, Edward Holwell, of Exeter, 
married Isabella Newte, of Tiverton, and was the father of the 
Rev. William Holwell, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, 
1779-93, when he was presented to the vicarage of Menheniot. 
He afterwards married Lady Cliarlotte Hay, eldest daughter 
of the fourteenth Lord Erroll, whose son, the sixteenth Earl, 
assumed his mother's name of Carr, a course which was alsi) 
adopted by Lady Charlotte's husband in 1798, as 
to his own name. 

Mr. Holwell-Carr, who died in London in 1830, was a 
distinguished amateur artist and Fellow of the Royal Soc!et\-. 
He painted a portrait of Sir William Petre, which he presented 


to Exeter College, and bequeathed his fine gallery of examples ( 

of the Italian School, including da Vinci's " Christ disputing 1 
with the Doctors," to the National Gallery. 

The Cheverstones bore a "canting" coat, viz., ''or, on a { 

bend, gules, tliree goats passant, arg!' i 


As I have shown in the preceding genealogies, William de 
Wigornia appears to have left the whole of his Devonshire 
property to his son William, who assumed the name of 
Cheverstone, from the Kenton manor of that name, which, 
from the time of Sir John Cheverstone, who died in the reign 
of Richard the second, has belonged, by devise of the latter, 
to the Powderham branch of the Courtenay family, whose right 
to the Earldom of Devon, dormant after 1556, was admitted 
to Sir William Courtenay, Viscount Courtenay of Powderham, 
in 1 83 1.* But the manor of Wray, in Moreton-Hampstead, of 
which the said William de Cheverstone was seised in the 
reign of King John, was evidently given to his other son 
William, who is known as William de Wray, and whose prin- 
cipal residence, in 1242, was at North wyke. This William de 
Wray of Northwyke, liad a son, Walter de Wray, of Northwyke, 
in 1278, who, as I have already shown, p. ij%, ante, was the 
father of Roger de Wra}', who carried on the line of North- 
wyke, and also of " William, son of Walter of W)ke," 1285-86, 
and I can only conclude that this last " William " must have 
inherited Wray, and have left it to his daughter and heir, the 
wife of Ralph Abbot, as the latter was found seised of it early 
in the fourteenth century. 

The family known as Le Abbe, or Abbot, were at an early 
date settled upon the manor of Loughtor, within the parish of 
Plympton St. Mary, and were also the owners of the manor 
and church of Washfield, near Tiverton. I believe Ralph 
Abbot of Wray to have been a son of William Abbot of 
Loughtor, another of whose sons, Walter Abbot, presented to 
Washfield Church in 1335, and had an only daughter and heir, 

* See my Earhloni of Dt-'on (Siihiirhs Exon., ]ip. 74-IlS and 200-202). 


Alice Abbot, who married Humphry, second son of Hugh 
Beauchamp of White Lackington, co. Somerset, and gave the 
manor and advowson of Washfield to her son, Hugh Beau- 
champ, whose eventual co-heir, Margery Beauchamp, brought 
them to her husband, Thomas Wortlie of Worth, in tlie same 
parish ; and " Great Beauchamp," then the old seat of the 
manor of Washfield, in distinction to that of Worth, was the 
only property reserved from the sale of the ancient Worth 
estates, which was effected in the years 1SS7 and 188S. (See 
ante, p. 52, and Wortli of Woi-th, post.) 

Ralph Abbot was the father of Walter Abbot of Wray, and 
grandfather of Arkonald Abbot, whose daughter and heir, 
Joane, was the wife of John Norris, and the latter's daughter, 
Alice Norris, eventually inherited Wra)', upon the deaths of 
her grand-nephews Thomas and John Norris, successively of 
Wray, and who died without issue. 

This Alice Norris married a certain " Richard de Wray," 
a match which has created a considerable amount of confusion 
as to the actual earlier habitation of the Wreys of Tawstock, 
whose pedigree, entered at the Heralds' Visitation of Devon- 
shire, in 1564 (Colby, p. 213), commences with " William Wray 
of Wray," great-grandfather of "Walter Wra\-e of North 
Russell," whereas the said William Wray was actually of Wray, 
in North Thrushelton, otherwise " North Russell," and not, as 
might be inferred from this description, of Wray in Moreton 

That the Wrays of North Thrushelton, near Tavistock, were 
cadets of the house of Wray of South Tawton, is sufficiently 
evident from their coat armour, which, but for tincture and for 
one of the due differences of the period, is identical with the 
arms borne by the Wrays, afterward Wykes, of South Tawton, 
and it is probable that " William Wray " of North Thrushelton, 
who gave his name to liis residence within that manor, which 
had been held in the reign of Edward HI. by the Talbots, 
and who seems to have become possessed of it during the 
latter half of the fourteenth century, was a younger son of 
Walter de Wray of Northwyke, whose son and heir, Roger 
de Wray, was seised of Northwyke in 1346. 

It is quite possible that " Richard de \\'ra)-e," the husband 


of Alice Norris of Wray, in Moreton Hampstead, was a 
descendant of William Wray of Wray in North Thrushelton, 
or he may have been quite unconnected with the old " de 
Wrays," and may have simply been known from his habitation, 
jure uxoris, upon his wife's property of that name. On the 
other hand, his wife, Alice, cannot have succeeded to that 
property until late in life, upon the decease, without issue, of 
John Norris of Wray, the last of her grand-nephews, yet as 
the somewhat peculiar name of "Erkenwald" (pronounced 
Arkonald) was perpetuated in the Wykes' family, who only 
abandoned the name of Wray in favour of Wykes during the 
reign of Richard II., the evidence, on the whole, appears to 
be in favour of the conclusion that "Richard de Wraye" was 
a cadet of the Wrays of Northwyke and Thrushelton, but he 
was certainly nothing more than a collateral relative of the 
Wreys of Tawstock, as his issue was confined to an only 
daughter and heir. Christian Wraye, upon whose marriage with 
Richard de la Ford, the name of Wray became extinct at 
Moreton Hampstead. 

William Wray of Wray and Thrushelton, and, presumably, 
a younger son of Walter de Wray of Northwyke, had sons, 
Walter Wray of Wray, and Thomas Wray, second son. 

Walter Wray was the father of Robert Wray, who, by his 
wife Constance, daughter of John Shilston, had four sons, and 
a daughter, Alice, the wife of John Glanville. 

Of the sons, I think it quite probable that Robert Wray, 
the youngest of them, and uncle of Jane Wykes of Northwyke, 
may have been identical with the husband of Alice Norris, 
called " Richard " Wraye in the unsigned Southmeade pedigree, 
which is included in the original " Visitation of Devon," and 
which is certainly more or less unreliable ; Robert Wray's 
eldest brother, Walter " Wraye," the first described in the 
pedigree of 1564 as of " North Russell," married Rridget, 
daughter of Robert Shilstone, and had a daughter, Jane, 
incidentally referred to above, who became the second wife 
of John Wykes of Northwyke, in 1540, and subsequently 
married Thomas Walcot, and afterwards Robert Fry of 

Her brother, John Wraye, Sheriff of Cornwall in 1585, by 


his wife, Blanch, daughter and co-heir of Henry KilHgrew of 
Woolston, CO Cornwall, had six sons and two daughters. 

His second son, Sir William " Wrey,'* Knt., succeeded to 
the KilHgrew Manor of Trebitch, otherwise written " Trebigh," 
or " Trebeigh," in the said adjoining count)-, of which he was 
sheriff in 1598. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Courtenay of Powderham, survived until 1636, and thus 
lived to see his son, Sir William Wrey, created a Baronet on 
the 30th June, 1628 ; the latter's wife was Ann, daughter of 
Sir Edward Chichester of Eggesford, afterwards created 
Viscount Chichester of Carickfergus, and by her, he was the 
father of Sir Chichester Wrey, second Baronet, who married 
Ann, youngest daugher and co-heir of Edward Bourchier, Earl 
of Bath, and Baron Fitz-Warine, and relict of James Cranfield, 
Earl of Middlesex. 

The Earldom of Bath had been created in 1536 in favour 
of John Bourchier, Baron Fitzwarine, grandson of William, 
summoned to Parliament in his wife's (Thomasine Hankford's) 
maternal barony in fee, as Lord Fitz-Warine, 27th Henry VI. ; 
the said Sir William Bourchier having been the third son of 
William Bourchier, titular Earl of Ewe, in Normandy, by bis 
wife Anne Plantagenet, daughter and eventual sole heir of 
Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, and sixth son of 
King Edward HI. 

The father of the Countess of Middlesex died without 
surviving male issue in 1636, and was succeeded by his kins- 
man, Sir Henry Bourchier, as fifth Earl, at whose death, in 
1654, the Earldom of Bath became extinct. But the Barony 
of Fitz-Warine in fee had previously fallen into abeyance 
between the three daughters of the fouith Earl, and, of these, 
Lady Middlesex was the youngest. By her second husband. 
Sir Chichester Wray, she had a son, Bourchier, who succeeded 
as third Baronet, and who married Florence, daughter of Sir 
John RoUe of Stevenstone, and died in 1695. 

Henry, last Earl of Bath, liad married Lady Rachel Fane, 
daughter of Francis, Earl of Westmoreland, and she had a 

* The name is still pronounced in accordance with the ancient spelling, which 
was either "Wray" or " Wraye." The Baronets however, have always written 
themselves "Wrey," as above. 


life interest in Tawstock Court, and resided there until her 
death in 1680, when Sir Bourchier Wray inherited that property 
and also the manor of Holne, near Ashburton. (See my 
account of the latter, Asliburton and its Neighboti7-lwod, 
pp. 122-28.) 

From that date Tawstock Court has been the principal 
residence of the Wreys. Sir Bourchier Wrey's great-grandson, 
Sir Bourchier Wrey, D.C.L., born in 1759, by his first marriage 
with Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Palk, Bart., of Haldon, 
had a son, Sir Henry Bourchier Wrey, born 1797, and who 
died without male issue in 1879, when he was succeeded by 
his half brother, the Rev. Sir Henry Bourchier Wrey, Rector 
of Tawstock, at whose decease, in 1882, the title came to his 
eldest son. Sir Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey, the ninth and 
present Baronet. 

Sir Henry Wrey married, in 1854, The Honourable Marianna 
Sarah, only daughter and heir of Philip Castell, ninth Lord 
Sherard, of the kingdom of Ireland, a title some time merged 
with the Earldom of Harborough, and has an eldest son and 
heir to the title, Robert Bourchier Sherard Wrey, R.N., born 

Arms of Wray of Wray, and of Wraye of North Thrushelton, 
as now borne by Sir H. B. T. Wrey, Bart., of Tawstock — Sable, 
a fess between three battle axes, arg., helved gules. 

Sir Henry Wrey quarters Bourchier together with the Royal 
Arms of Edward HI., in right of descent from Thomas, Duke 
of Gloucester, and is also a co-heir to the Barony of Fitz- 
Warine in abeyance. 


Tliis ancient family derives its name from the parish of 
Gidley on the north-eastern escarpment of Dartmoor, which 
land was given by William the Conqueror to his half brother 
the Earl of Mortain, and held under him, in 1086, by a 
certain " Godwin," and in the Confessor's reign it had also 
belonged to " Godwin," described as the " Priest." 

W'cstcote, in his seventeenth centur)' ]'it"zv of Devonshire, 


declares that he had seen a grant of this land, by " Martine," 
Earl of Cornwall, in favour of his "nephew, Giles de Gidleigh,' 
the seal bearing the impress of a triple towered castle, and 
that the said grant was " exemplified, under the great seal of 
England, in the reign of Henry VIII." 

The said "Giles de Gidleigh," to have been a " nephew " of 
the Earl of Mortain, whose brother Odo, Earl of Kent, and 
Bishop of Bayeux, had no issue, should have been a son of 
his sister Emma D'Abrincis, the mother of Hugh, Earl of 
Chester, and there is no record that she had such a son as 
"Giles." Robert of Mortain, Odo, and Emma were the chil- 
dren of Harlotta of Falaise by her marriage with Harlowen 
de Conteville. Their half-brother and sister, King William 
and Adeliza, were the offspring of an earlier, and less res- 
pectable, intimacy on the part of Harlotta, with Duke Robert 
of Normandy, and it is most probable that the several 
personages who have been handed down to us as " nephews " 
and " nieces " of the Conqueror, or of Mortain, such as 
"Albreda," wife of Baldwin de Brion of Okehampton, Wil- 
liam " Warlcwast," Bishop of Exeter, and this Giles de 
Gidleigh, were children of the king's whole sister, Adeliza 
de Falaise aforesaid, who was married thrice, and had issue 
by each marriage, inter aliis, Adeliza, Countess of Albe- 
marle in her own right, 1081-1090 ; Stephen, who succeeded 
his half sister in that earldom ; and Judith, wife of \^'altheof. 
Earl of Huntingdon. The daughter of Albreda of Okehampton 
was also called Adeliza, and doubtless so after her grand- 

It is certain that this Dartmoor property descended in the 
name of Gidleigh for some generations, and down to the 
middle of the fourteenth century, when the daughter and heir 
of Giles de Gidley married William, son of Walter Prouz, by 
the daughter of the Lord Dinham. Her eldest son and heir 
succeeded to Gidleigh, and his only child, Alice, married, first. 
Sir Roger Moels, and, second, Sir John Damerell. The latter 
family inherited Gidley for several generations, until it passed 
by intermarriage with one of them to the Coades of Morvell, 
in the county of Cornwall. It was during their ownership that 
Gidle)' Castle probably fell to dcca}- ; the remains of it appear 


to be of early fourteenth century date, and consist chiefly of 
the large square keep, the lower chamber of which is barrel 
vaulted, and has two newel staircases communicating with the 
upper portion of the building. 

The name of Gidley, however, appears to have been pre- 
served by a younger branch of the family which settled at 
Winkleigh, the Devonshire seat of the Honour of Gloucester, 
upon a property called Holecombe, which had been held under 
those Earls by William de Portu Mortuo in the reign of 
Henry HI., and was afterward corruptly known as Holcombe 
Paramore. Richard Gidley was buried at Winkleigh, 26th 
March, 1574- (See my Manor and Church of Winkleigh, p. 18.) 
He was the father of Bartholomew Gidley, whose son of the 
same name re-purchased the ancient family property at Gidley 
from the Coades, 

Bartholomew Gidley, the elder, had nine children, and of 
these Bartholomew, born in 161 1, was the first. He matriculated 
at Exeter College, Oxford, i6th July, 1632 ; married, in 1637, 
Joan, daughter of Robert Northleigh of Peamore, Exminster, 
(a property which of late years has belonged to the Kekewich 
family, who purchased it of H. H. Coxe at the beginning of 
the present century), and is described as of Gidley Castle and 
of Holcombe Paramore. He was captain of the Stannary of 
Chagford, during the great rebellion espoused the Royal cause, 
and raised a troop of horse for the king's service, of which he 
took command. 

In commemoration of his bravery and zeal, during the 
troubles that preceded, and followed, the execution of the king, 
a large silver medal, nearly three inches in diameter, was struck 
in his honour, and is still preserved by the family ; on the 
reverse are his Arms, granted by Edward Bysshe, Clarencieux, 
24th November, 1666, and which may be thus blazoned : — Or, 
a castle, within a bordure, sa., bezante6 ; Crest, a gryphon's head, 
couped, or, between two wings, tinctured as the bordure in the 
arms. It is expressly stated in the grant that these Arms and 
Crest wtre granted him for "his eminent services" before 
" Lyme, Plymouth, and elsewhere in the West," and they were 
limited to " him and his heirs of body, and to those of his 
biother, John Gidley." There is a plate of the medal in the 


Medallic History of England (J. Piiikerton, London, 1790), 
and it bears the following inscription :— 

" M. S. Mnemosynon et vel jere perennius 

Bartholomaei Gidley Armigeri Comitatus Devoniae. 

Quem non avita magis illustrant insignia 

Ouam se sua virtus illustrior insignivit ; 

Quem regi suo constantem agnovere res Anglorum 

Et extrema fidelitatis tentamina pax et helium. 
Pro exule Carolo in bello Praefectum, 
Pro reduce ad pacem Justitiarum 
utro que munere fidelissimum, 
Annos agit 72, Salutis anno 1683. 
Non Eetate non munere gravatus 
vel adhuc dici voluit emeritus." 

He was also an active magistrate, and a strong Churchman, 
and was conspicuous for his opposition to the Conventicles 
after the passing of the Act of Uniformity in 1662. He died 
without issue, in January, 16S6 ; his will, dated November 
28th, 1683, was proved at Exeter on the 5th of the October 
following his demise. He settled his real estate upon his 
nephew, Bartholomew, son of his brother John, wlio inherited 
the manor, park, and farm of Gidley, and the advowson of, 
and right of presentation to, Gidley Church, together with the 
manor of Holcombe Paramore, and all other messuages, bur- 
gages, lands, and tenements in the parishes of Winkleigh and 

Although prior to the middle of the thirteenth century we 
have no certain knowledge as to the official arms of the Earls 
of Cornwall, yet, whether they simply mean " all peas" and 
refer to the province of Poitou (as suggested by the late J. 
R. Planche), or not, is quite beyond the question, for, doubt- 
less, Robert of Mortain knew as little about them as did 
Edward the Confessor of the cross and martlets with which 
he has been since accredited by English heralds. 

In the seventeenth century the bezants on a sable field had 
been identified with the Cornish Earldom from time immemorial, 
and it is unlikely that Sir Edward Bysshe would have granted 


Gidley Castle, ivithin tlie Cornisli bordure, in the absence of fair I 
evidence, both of his descent from its original owners, and of I 
his connection with the earldom, and the fact that such a coat j 
was granted "by letters patent under the great seal of England," } 
is strong confirmatory evidence of the descent of the Gidleys 
from a sister or half sister of the first Norman monarch and of 
his brother, Robert of Mortain. Certain "tin bounds " within 
the ducal forest of Dartmoor are still owned by the Gidleys. 

Bartholomew, nephew and heir of Bartholomew Gidley, of 
Gidley and Holcombe, died, aged thirty-four, 2nd August, 
1702, leaving, inclusive of a son and heir, Bartholomew, a family 
of eight children. This Bartholomew was born in 1689, was 
a godson of the king, William III., and a Royal letter is pre- 
served by the family in which his Majesty favours him with 
much practical advice, which, it is to be feared, failed to profit 
him to any considerable extent ; he cut the entail of the 
property, which has since become dispersed, lived to the age of 
eighty-seven, and was buried in the "Gidley Aisle" of Wink- 
leigh Church, 21st March, 1776; his son, Gustavus, was the 
ancestor of the present head of the family, Mr. Gustavus Gidley 
of Plymouth. 

His grandfather, John Gidley, had married Rebecca Dunning 
of Winkleigh, in which parisii he had inherited an estate called 
Beuford ; he was a Court surgeon, and resided chiefly in London, 
but his will is dated at Winkleigh, 21st September, 17 12. He 
left his eldest grandson the Beuford property, and his silver 
plate, hangings, and other furniture in his house in London to 
his second but eldest surviving son, John, and to his daughter, 
Rebecca, after their mother's death. His said grandson, 
Bartholomew, born 16S9, had a younger brother, John Gidley, 
born 1690, who married Margaret, daughter and heir of Robert 
Ellicombe of Kenn, by Theodosia, daughter of the Rev. John 
Mauduit, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, and Senior 
Proctor. His grandson, the late Courtenay Gidley of Honiton, 
was the grandfather of John Gidley, formerly Town Clerk of 
Exeter, who married, in 1823, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert 
Cornish of Exeter, and aunt of John Robert Cornish, who 
assumed by Royal license the surname of Mowbray, 26th July, 


1847, was created a baronet 3rd May, 1S80, is a Privy Coun- 
cillor, and now, 1895, the senior active member of the House 
of Commons. By this marriage Mr. John Gidley had a son, 
Bartholomew Gidley of Hoopern, near Exeter, who, like his 
father, was town clerk of Exeter, and died in 1888, and left, 
with other issue, a son, the present Mr. John Gidley of Hoopern 


Like the House of Brito, the family of Hamlj-n is coeval 
with all that is reall)' authentic in the history of Devonshire. 
Its name is derived from the Saxon words "ham " and '' lymia" 
which, in composition, signily the home by the spring or pool ; 
and as the " Hamelins," from the town of that name in Lower 
Saxony, they helped to swell the ranks of the Conqueror's 
army, and soon became settled in various parts of England, 
notably in Devonshire, Cornwall, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, 
Worcestershire, Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, and Rutland, 

The two most important Hamlyns of the eleventh century 
were those whose names are found mentioned in the roll of 
Battle Abbey as "Hammeline" and " Hammeline de Balun." 
The " Sire de Balun " had probably migrated from Germany 
to France, sometime before the Conquest, to the French town 
of Ballun, in the diocese of Mons ; after the victory at Senlac 
King William gave him the land of Ober Went, in Monmouth- 
shire, and he was the subsequent founder of the Castle of 

He died childless in the reign of Rufus, and was succeeded 
by his nephew " Brian," son of his sister Luc)-. 1 his " Brian " 
had two afflicted sons, so he made his nephew, son of his 
sister Emma, his heir, and this nephew, or " cousin," as, in 
accordance with old custom, he is loosely described, was 
Constable of Gloucester, and afterward High Constable of 
England. The latter's son was created Earl of Hereford in 
succession to Roger de Bretteville, alias Fitz-Osbern, whose 
younger brother was Bishop of Exeter in 1072. Roger Brito, 


or Bretteville, was eventually proscribed for treason, but is 
said to have had a son, Reginald, who married " Emmeline 
de Balun," who may probably have been a sister of the afore- 
said Emma of Gloucester. 

With the other " Hamelin " of the Battle Abbey Roll we 
have more concern here. He may have been a brother, or at least 
a near kinsman, of the Sire de Balun ; at all events, he was a 
very important personage in the eleventh century, and, like the 
Britos, he came to the west of England in the following of 
Robert, Earl of Mortain. 

He is called "Hamelinus" in Domesday, and was tenant 
in capite of many important manors in Cornwall. Some of his 
posterity remained in the latter county, and one of them was 
Portreeve of Launceston in 1207, but many of them settled in 
Devonshire, where " Hamelinus," at the period of the Survey, 
held the broad lands of Broadhempston and Alwington as 
hub-tenant to the Earl. 

The Hamlyns soon disappeared from both their original 
settlements in Devonshire : Broadhempston went to the Canti- 
lupes, one of whom, William de Cantilupe, was the husband of 
Eva Braose, granddaughter of Emma de Balun of Gloucester, 
which may be merely a coincidence ; whilst Alwington passed 
to the Coffins afterward of Portledge, a family which, although 
its name has been preserved by assumption, has been now some- 
time extinct in the male line. 

But, probably by exchange, and simultaneously with their dis- 
appearance from Alwington, the Hamlyns acquired the manor 
of Natsworthy, another of Mortain's concessions, situate in the 
parish of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, and but a i&'N miles distant 
from Broadhempston, and also of the manor of Bratton, in the 
immediate neighbourhood of Alwington. The fifth in descent 
from " Hamelinus" of Domesday, Richard Hamlyn, acquired an 
estate known as Larkbeare, in the parish of St. Leonard, adjacent 
to the city of Exeter. One of his sons remained at Larkbeare, 
and was the ancestor of Hamlyn of Colebrook, of which branch 
I shall treat hereafter ; the other, known as " Hamlyn the 
Harper," was of Hill, in Holne, a neighbouring parish to Wide- 
combe, as shown by the " Fine Rolls " of 3rd Henry HL 

The Hill estate remained in the hands of his posterity until 


it was sold some few years since by James Hamlyn, to whom 
it had descended. Hamlyn, "the Harper," of Hill, was the 
father of William, father of Sir William Hamlyn of Deandon, 
in Widecombe, Kt, and of Bratton, near Alwington. Sir Wil- 
liam was one of the knights who returned the great assize for 
Devon in the j-ear 1250, but died without issue. His brother, 
Walter, carried on the line, and was the father of \^'illiam 
Hamlyn of Dunstone, 34th Edward I., of John Hamlyn of 
Chittleford, three years earlier, of Hugh and of Roger Hamlyn, 
both of Corndon, all estates in the said parish of Widecombe, 
and also of Robert Haml}'n, who represented Totnes in Parlia- 
ment in 131 1. 

The Hennock branch of the Haml}-ns derive from another 
brother of Sir William. William Hamh-n, of Dunstone, 1306, 
a property which was purchased from the Pomero)-s, left a son, 
John Haml)-n, whose descendant, of the same name, 141 2, was 
grandfather of John Haml)-n of Dunstone, 1442, and the latter 
bore the same relationship to Richard Hamljn of Dunstone, 
1506, who died in 1522. He left four sons, viz., Robert, son 
and heir ; 2nd, Richard, ancestor of the Hamlyns of an adjacent 
property called Southcombe ; 3rd, Thomas of Spitchwick, in 
Widecombe, and of Hill and Littlecombe, in Holne, ancestor 
also of branches of the family settled at Ash and Lake, both 
in Widecombe; 4th, John, ancestor of the Hamlyns of Clovelly. 

Robert Hamlyn, son and heir of Dunstone, had " seisin " of 
Dunstone on his father's death in 1522. It is .^hown by the 
Inquisition upon his own death that he was the owner of 
Scobetor, Venton, and Dunstone in Widecombe, of Dawnton in 
Buckfastleigh, and had also land at Doddiscombleigh, near 
Exeter ; he died 1556. 

Dawnton then passed to his third son, Richard. His son and 
heir, Robert Hamlyn, was the direct ancestor of William Hamlyn 
of Dunstone (see the Fed., Vivian's Additions to Visitations of 
Devo7i), who sold that propert}-, and died in 1782. 

The uncle of the last owner of Dunstone, Hugh Hamlj-n of 
Blackslade Manor, Widecombe, had a second son, John, who 
settled at Brent ; the latter's son, Joseph Haml}-n, purchased 
land in Buckfastleigh, and died in 1866. 

It is due to his cncrgj- and perse\-erancc that the woollen trade, 


the old staple business of this count)-, and which in the past has ( 

afforded both honourable occupation and livelihood to very i 

many cadets of our ancient county houses, still flourishes in the \ 

valley of the Dart. Joseph Hamlyn founded the great manu- , 

factory at Buckfastleigh.and thus recommenced there an industry i 

which had been long fostered by the Cistercian monks of the \ 

neighbouring abbey of Buckfast, and which was afterward con- i 

tinued profitably by his sons Joseph, John, and William, and is j 

now the property of James, Joseph, and William Hamlyn, | 

who are the sons of the late William Hamlyn by his marriage j 

with his kinswoman, Mary, daughter of James Haml>'n of Hill j 

and Littlccombe, already mentioned, and the latter estate is still i 

the property of their mother. | 

I must now return to " Haml)'n of Larkbeare," the brother of i 

" Hamlyn the Harper" of Hill. He was the father of Sir John | 

Hamlyn, Kt., whose son. Sir Osbert Hamlyn, Kt., of Larkbeare, i 

married the daughter and co-heir of Sir William Pipard of I 

Blakedon, in Widecombe. He was attainted for high treason in j 

I 370, on which account, possibly, his posterity, who long resided ■ 

at Exeter, St. Thomas, and Alphington, and were benefactors to I 

the latter parish in the early portion of the seventeenth century, ! 

prospered in mercantile pursuits, gave ma^-ors to the " faithful j 

city," and filled other municipal offices from time to time ; one ; 

of them settled at Paschoe, in the parish of Colebrook, in 161 1, | 

by marriage with a co-heir of that family. 1 

Robert Paschoe Hamlyn, of Paschoe, was the father of ' 

Christopher Hamlyn of Paschoe, who married Elizabeth, daughter ] 

and eventual co-heir of Vincent Calmady of Langdon, b\' Eliza- \ 

beth, daughter and heir of John Pollexfcn, and by this marriage j 

acquired Leawood, in the parish of Bridestowe. Both estates : 

were inherited by their son, Calmady Pollexfen Hamlyn, of I 

Paschoe and Leawood, born 1775, who married the only j 

daughter of Richard Cross of Great Dur}-ard, near Exeter, ; 

and had a son, Shilston Calmady Hamlyn, J. P. and D.L., of : 

Paschoe and of Leawood, who by his wife, Sarah Carter, of 1 

Neston, Cheshire, was the father of the present owner of these j 
estates, Mr. Vincent Pollexfen Calmady Hamlyn. 

The Hamlyns of Paschoe and Bridestowe bear for arms : 
" 5rr., two swords in saltire, the points upward, hilted or ; but 

DI-:i 'ONSH/RJC 1 1 7 A L S. 40 -, 

their ancestor, Sir John Haml\ n, bore the ancient arms of 
the family, hereinafter blazoned, as shown b\- tlie " Borough- 
bridge " Roll of Arms. 

John Haml\-n, youngest son of Richard Haml\-n of Dunstonc, 
who died in 1522, appears to ha\-e settled, probabl}- through 
marriage, at Mershwell, in the parish of \\'oolfardisworth)-, and 
his arms, as under, with the date 1540, were to be seen in one of 
the windows of his house. His son, \A'illiam, born in that \-ear, 
married, about 1558, Agnes Yeo of Stratton, whose son William, 
born 1559, was the father of William Haml}-n, baptized at 
Woolfardisworth)-, 21st October, 1579, and whose grandfather 
survived until 1597, when he inherited Mershwell. 

His son, William Hamlyn of Mershwell, married Gertrude 
Car}', and died in 1708, and was succeeded by Zachar\- Haml)-n, 
the eldest of fourteen children. 

The latter purchased the Clo\-elh' estate of the Car)'s in 1729, 
died without issue, and left his propert}' by will to his grand 
nephew, James Hammett, grandson of Thomazine Haml}-n. 
He recorded his pedigree at Herald's College, but did not carry 
it behind the William Hamlyn of Mershwell who married Agnes 
Yeo. Mr. Hammett assumed the name of Hamlyn by Act of 
Parliament in 1760, and was created a baronet in 1795. His 
son and heir, the second baronet, assumed his mother's name, 
Williams. The third baronet. Sir James Hamlyn-Williams, 
married Lady Mar\' Fortcscue, but had no male issue, so the 
baronetc}' became extinct ; his eldest daughter succeeded to the 
Clovell)- propert}-, married Lieut. -Col. Fane, who assumed the 
additional name of Hamh"n, and had, with other issue, the 
present Mrs. Haml\-n of Clo\-ell\-, whose husband has taken her 

Arms of Hamlyn of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, now of Buck- 
fastleigh : " Gules, a lion rampant, eniiiiie, crowned or." 



William " Pictavensis," who was a sub-tenant in Devonshire 
under the Norman Ralph de Pomeroy, was the ancestor of 
" Robert de Peytevin," the owner of the manor and church of 
Feniton, otherwise Veniton, or " Peytevin's Town," in the year 
1273, as proved by the " Hundred Roll," and which afterwards 
passed to his neighbours, the Malherbes, who had then been 
resident in the parish for several generations. The Domesday 
entry of the manor of " Feniton" probably refers to the manor 
now called " Venton," in Widecombe, nigh Ashburton, and 
which belonged to King William's half-brother Robert, Earl of 
Mortain, or else to " Fenton " in Rattery. 

Robert de Peytevin probably also gave its prefix to the 
adjacent parish of Peyhembur)', anciently " Petit Hembury," 
but the manor of Broad-Hembury, which, in 1087, belonged to 
" Odo," was afterwards parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, and 
was long held, from that honour, by the Abbey of Dunkeswell, 
but it is not my present purpose to trace the descent of the 
manor of Broad-Hembury, which, prior to the creation of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, pertained to the Barony of Torrington. 

Both Pcyhambury and Broad-Hembury, however, have been 
long associated with the Venns, who may possibly derive their 
patronymic from the earlier residence of their ancestors in the 
neighbouring parish of Venton, alias Feniton. John Venn of 
Broad-Hembury, whose will was proved at Exeter in 1595, had 
four sons and two daughters ; his contemporary, Richard Venn, 
was a benefactor to the poor of Peyhembury, in 3rd James L, 
1605, and his descendants have resided there ever since, and are 
still numbered amongst its principal landowners, and are also 
l(jrds of the manor of Upton Piudhome, in the same parish. 
The eldest son of John Venn of Broad-Hembury, William Venn, 
was baptized there, February 8tli, 1568-9. He graduated at 
Exeter College, Oxford, in 1595, and four years later, on 
March 2ist, he was instituted to the vicarage of Olterton, which 
preferment he held for twenty-one years. His patron was 
John Rlay, by grant, for that turn, of Richard Duke, whose 
family had then obtained the advowson, which formerly be- 
longed to the Abbe---s and Convent of Sion, in the county of 


Middlesex, and, originally, to the alien priory of Otterton, 
which had been suppressed in 1414. William Venn was buried 
at Otterton in 162 1, and was immediately -succeeded by Isaiah 
Faringdon, who resigned, probably by arrangement, in 1625, 
upon wWch the Dukes conferred the vacant benefice upon the 
son of their old vicar, Richard Venn, then twenty- four years 
old, and a graduate, like his father, of Exeter College, Oxford. 
Richard Venn was twice married ; by his first wife, Elizabeth 
Westcott, he had two sons and a daughter ; by his second, 
Margaret Venn, he had a further family of eight children, and 
the eldest of them became vicar of Holbeton. 

Richard Venn suffered many and grievous hardships at the 
hands of the Parliamentar)' Commissioners, was ejected from 
his living, and confined in prison at Exeter for eleven months 
from October, 1646, to September in the following j-ear. At 
one time he was siezed by a part)' of Puritan soldiers and 
taken out for summary execution, but his life was saved by 
the opportune arrival of a detachment of the Royal forces. 

He left a record of his troubles in manuscript, portions of 
which are considered to be identical with some fragmentary 
MSS. at the Bodleian Library, and his adventures are included 
in Walker's Sufferings of the C/ergj', pa.rt ii., pp. 386-7. Hence it 
appears that during the j-ears of his deprivation he officiated 
temporarily both at Black Aveton and at Liskeard, but was 
similarly driven out of each parish. At the Restoration he 
is said to have been the first clergyman to resume the use of 
the Book of Common Prayer, at a service which he conducted 
at the neighbouring church of Ottery St. Marj'. 

Immediately after the Restoration of Monarchy had happily 
become an accomplished fact, he was at once replaced in 
his vicarage, which had been held by a Nonconformist of the 
name of Conant, who had characteristically refused to pay 
him his "fifths'" throughout the fourteen years of his intrusion ; 
when compelled to disgorge by the law, in 1660, Conant is 
said to have thrown the moae_\' at him, and it consequently fell 
on the floor, but Mr. Venn merely smiled and remarked, "Well, 
well, I will talv-e the pains to pick it up." He survived his 
return to Otterton but two j'cars, and was buried there, 28th 
June, 1662. 


His son, Dennis Venn, born in 1648, was probably named 
after Dennis Rolle of Bicton, whose early death, in 1638, had 
been much deplored by his many friends and neighbours. 
Dennis Venn also graduated at Exeter College, and, at the 
age of twenty-five, was instituted to the vicarage of Holbeton, 
and held it for twenty-two years, and was buried there, 12th 
February, 1695-6. By his first wife, Lucy Fortescue, to whom 
he was married in 1683, he had a daughter, of her mother's 
name, who died in infancy; by his second wife, Patience 
(married 1689), daughter of the Rev. John Gay of St. Anthony, 
he had two sons and three daughters. 

His eldest son, Richard Venn, was baptized at Holbeton, 
January 7th, 1690- 1, was educated at Blundel's School, Tiverton, 
where he obtained a Scholarship, and proceeded to Sidney 
College, Cambridge. He was afterwards rector of St. An- 
tholin's, in the city of London, from 1725-39, and died of 
smallpox, February i6th, in the latter year. His wife was 
the only surviving child of John Ashton, who was keeper of 
the privy purse in the household of Queen Mary D'Este, 
consort of King James H., who was Mrs. Venn's godmother. 

John Ashton unfortunately twice failed to escape from 
England after the abdication of his Roj'al patrons, and on 
Monday, the 19th of January, 1690-I, he was indicted, together 
with " Sir Richard Grahame, Bart." (Viscount Preston), and 
Edmund Elliot, " for conspiring the deaths " of the new King 
and Queen, 'and adhering to their enemies." Mr. Ashton 
appears to have made a bargain for a vessel to take him with 
his friends across to France on the previous "New Year's Day," 
and actually deposited the sum of ninety-three guineas for his 
passage with Mr. Burdett ; they got away safely from the 
" Surrey Stairs," but were arrested and brought back from 
Gravesend, with treasonable papers in their possession. Ihey 
were all found guilt)', and Ashton was executed at Tyburn, 
January 28th following. A full account of the proceedings 
will be found in Tryals for High Treason, London, 1720, 
Vol. 5, pp. 614-1636. One of the eight grandchildren of 
this unfortunate political victim, Henry Venn, was baptized 
at Barnes, March 15th, 1724-5, graduated at Jesus College, and 
was afterward a Fellow of Oneens' College, Cambridge. He 


was the author of The Complete Duty of Alan, or a System 
of Doctrinal and Practical Christianity, which was first pub- 
lished in 1764, and has gone through numerous editions. He 
also pubhshed a volume of sermons in 1759 ; and Mistakes 
in Religion, Exposed in an Essay on the Prophecy of Zacharias, 
in 1774. His "Life," with a selection from his letters, 
was published by one of his grandsons, the Rev. Henry 
Venn, Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, and Vicar 
of SL John's, Hollowa)-, and this work went through six 

He married, firstly, a daughter of tlie Rev. Thomas Bishop, 
D.D., and secondly Catherine, daughter of the Rev. James 
Askew, and widow of a clergyman of the name of Smith. By 
his first wife he had four daughters, and a son, John. He 
held the Vicarages of Hutldersfield and Yelling during his 
clerical career, and died at Clapham in 1797. 

His son, John Venn, born at Clapham, March 9th, 1759, 
graduated at Sidney College, Cambridge, in 1781, and was in- 
stituted to the Rectory of Little Dunham, Norfolk, in 1783. 
He died Rector of Clapham, July ist, 1813, and was a well- 
known divine and one of the founders of the Church Missionary 
Societ\- ; he was the author of Sermons, in three volumes, 
London, 1 8 14- 18. By his first wife, Katherine, daughter of 
William King of Hull, he became the father of five daughters 
(the eldest of whom was the wife of the Right Honourable 
Sir James Stephen, K.C.B., the father of Mr. Justice Stephen) 
and two sons, John Venn, Fellow of Queens' College, already 
referred to above, and Henry Venn, who was born at Clapham 
in 1796, graduated at Queenr,', Cambridge, in 1818, and ot 
which College he was a FcUou'. In 1826 he was preferred 
by Simeon's Trustees to the Vicarage of Drj'pool, Hull, and was 
Vicar of St. John's, Hollowa\-, from 1834-48, and Prebendar\- 
of St. Paul's Cathedral. He was for many years secretary of 
the Church JNIissionary Societ}', and died at East Sheen, 
January i6th, 1873. By his wife Martha, daughter of Nicholas 
Sykes of Swanland, Yorkshire, he was the father of the Rev. 
Henry Venn, M.A., Caius College, Cambridge, Rector of Clare 
Portion, Tiverton, in this count)-, from 1S70-1885, when he 
removed to the Vicarage of Sittingbourne ; and also of Dr. John 


Venn, his eldest son, born at Hull, August 4th, 1834, and now 
Senior Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, 

Dr. Venn, who was ordained in 1858, has held the curacies 
of Cheshunt and Mortlake, but resigned his orders, under the 
recent Act, in 18S3. Since then he has resided chiefly in his 
Universit)', is lecturer in Moral Sciences, and a University ex- 
aminer, and was Hulsean lecturer in 1869. He is the author 
of Logic of Chawe, Euipirical Logic, Symbolic Logic, and of 
various papers in scientific and other periodic. ils. He was 
elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1883, and is also a 
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He edited the Bap- 
tismal Register of St. Michael's, Cambridge, 1588-1837, in 1891, 
and is at present engaged in the preparation of the Caius 
College admissions, one volume of wiiich has been published. 
(See also 3Len of the Time, Edit. 1895, p. 853.) 

Dr. Venn married, June 2 1st, 1867, Susanna Carnegie, 
daughter of the Rev. Charles Edmonstone, Vicar of Christ Church, 
Hornsey, and has a son, John Archibald Venn, born Novem- 
ber loth, 1883. 

The arms of Venn, as borne by the Broad-Hembury branch 
for at least five generations, are thus blazoned : — Arg., on a fess 
within a bordure engrailed az., 3 escallops of the field. 

Crest — A dragon's head erased arg., about its neck a collar 
azure, charged with 3 escallops of the first. 


The Kell)'s derive their name from the parish of Kelly, 
near Tavistock, and have been Lords of the Manor there from 
time immemorial. It is the " Celodelie " of the Domesday 
record, and has been curiously confused with Calverleigh, near 
Tiverton, by Lysons, in the Devonshire volumes of the Magna 

As to its earlier history, the neighbouring Manor of " Tave- 
lande " (that of West Tavy, which inchides the church of St. 
Mary) was held in the reign of King Edward the Confessor 
by a Saxon Thegn called " Godric," who was a very consider- 
able landowner prior to the Conquest, after which, although 


he seems to have been deprived of the whole of his ori^^iiial 
property in the county, he appears in Domesday as tenant in 
capite of the Manors of " Celodelie " (or Kelly), and of 
"Bolehorde," since known as "Balbury" or " Balbeny," and 
now as Babeny, in the parisli of Lidford, and fifteen miles 
distant from the Parish Church there. (See my Ashbnrto'i 
and its Neighbourhood, p. 71.) 

Both these Manors had hitherto belonged to another, but 
less distinguished, Saxon known as " Almar." 

The primary settlement of the Kellys at Kelly can only be 
a matter of conjecture. It is not only possible, but probable, 
that they are the veritable descendants of Godric the Saxon, 
but how the late Sir Bernard Burke can have considered that 
tlieir authenticated pedigree enables them to derive themselves 
from the a7icient Britons, it is somewhat difficult to understand. 

The most complete pedigree of Kelly, which can at all be 
regarded as authentic, is that entered on the original roll of 
the Visitation of Cornwall in 1620 (M. S. Harl., 1079), and 
which commences with "Nicholas de Kelly," temp. Henry II., 
1154-1189. He was probably the son of "Martin de Kelly," who 
flourished in the same reign, as Risdon, writing in 1638, tells 
us that " Kelly, in King Henry the second's time had its in- 
habitor Martin de Kelly, whom divers knights of that name 
succeeded." It is shown by the Exeter Episcopal Registers 
that John de Kelly presented, as patron, to Kelly Church in 
1275, and he appears to have been the first of the family who 
had the Manor of Heavitree, near Exeter, under John de Pycot, 
and the latter property remained with his descendants until 
it was sold to the Barings, by Arthur Kelly of Kell\', in 1773. 
(See my Suburbs of Exeter, p. 8.) 

The Visitation of Devonshire, 1564 (Coll. Ar. D. 7) com- 
mences with " Thomas Kell\e of Kellye," who married Eliza- 
beth, daughter and co-heir of William Talbot of Spreyton. 
This Thomas, who married, secondly, Mary Penhallow, died 
14th September, 1404, as shewn by an " Inq. p.m. 6th Hy. IV." 
He was the father of Richard Kelly of Kelly, whose great 
grandson, John Kelly of Kelly, was second son of Oliver Kelly 
by Joan Trema)'ne of Collacombe. (For Tremaync genealogy 
see my Devonshire Parishes, vol. i, pp. 171, 212, et seq.) 


This John was the brother and heir of Oliver Kelly of 
Kelly, and the first of the family who was entered at the 
Devonshire "Visitation" of 1620. From him the pedigree is 
continued to William Kelly of Kelly and his family, and is 
duly authenticated by his signature (M. S. Harl., 1 163, fo. 92b.) 

This William " Kelley " was born loth September, 1589. 
He married Pliilippa, daughter of John Conocke of Treworgie, 
CO. Cornwall, by whom he had four daughters and two sons ; at 
his death, 9th November, 1627, his eldest son, Thomas, was a 
minor, and afterward died childless, when he was succeeded at 
Kelly by his younger brother, John, whose will was proved at 
Exeter, 17th June, 1689, and, failing his male issue, he devised 
his property to his first cousin, Francis, eldest son of his uncle, 
the Rev. Authur Kelly, rector of the parish, who died in 1662. 

Francis Kelly of Kelly married Elizabeth Tucker of Hols- 
worth}', and died within eighteen months of his accession to 
the estate ; his son and heir, Arthur Kelly of Kelly, by his wife, 
Susannah Handcock, was the father of Arthur Kelly of Kelly 
who married Mar)' Tucker of Coryton, and died in 1762. Their 
eldest son, Arihur Kelly of Kelly, who long commanded the 
South Devon Regiment of Militia, died in 1S23, at eighty- 
one years of age. His eldest surviving son, Arthur Kelly, was 
the father of another Arthur, born in 1804, who was Sheriff 
of Devon in 1836, and died in 1873. 

The late Mr. Kelly's eldest son, Arthur Kellv', who was baptized 
6th October, 1830, predeceased him in 1846; he was therefore suc- 
ceeded at Kelly by its present owner, Reginald Kelly of Kelly, 
J. P. and D.L. for Devon, Sheriff" of the county in iSSo, and who 
was born in 1834. Mr. Kelly owns the whole of the parish, which 
includes 1,700 acres of land (with a population of over 200), and 
is also patron of the Rectory of Kelly, to which J-^ acres of 
glebe are appropriated. Kelly House, which is a picturesque 
residence of late Tudor style, is situated near the church. 

Arms of Kelly of Kelly — -Ai-g., a chevron between three 
billets gules. 

Crest. — Out of a ducal coronet gii., an ostrich's head, 
holding in the beak a horse-shoe or. 

This family quarters Talbot of Spreyton, viz : — A>g., a 
chevron between three talbots sa. 



I have already referred, in notes on previous pages (189 
and 293), to the ancient family of Bretnridge, as to which, 
Westcote, the seventeenth century author of the Vieiv of 
Devonshire, has observed, in his quaint language, whilst treating 
of " the progress of the Creedy river;" "his next neighbour, 
Bremridge of Brem ridge, or rather (as it may be supposed) 
Bremel-ridge, a place full of brambles and briars, hath had 
the like good fortune for antiquity ; that race having enjoyed 
this place the best part of four hundred years, with such a 
temperate moderation in every succession that greedy desire 
of riches hath neither much increased nor prodigality de- 
creased it." (Sec also my Manor of Winklcigli, p. 41). 

The Bremridges appear to have derived their name from 
the ancient Manor of " Bremerige," in Southmolton (which 
afterward passed to the Traces, and, in more recent times 
to the Dodderidges), and to have given it to their subsequent 
residence, " Bremridge," within the Manor of Posbur}--Brad- 
leigh, in the hundred of Crediton and parish of Sandford. 

Sandford is an ancient Chapelry in Crediton parish, and 
here the Dodderidges, and Dowrishs, were likewise settled at 
an early date, and gave name also to their respective pro- 

In the year 1087 the Manor of Sandford, to the extent of 
two hides and a half of land, belopged to the Barony of 
Okehampton, that of " Bremerige " and Bradleigh, to the latter 
of which the land afterward known as Bremridge. in Sandford, 
was appendant, had been given b}' the Norman Conqueror 
to his Ciiief Justice, Jeffery, the warrior Bishop of Coutance, 
under whom both these Manors were held by the King's relative, 
Drogo Fitz-Mauger. Tliis " Drogo " was a son of Mauger 
le Ponz,* who was the third son of Richard " le Bon," second 
Duke of Normand}-, the Conqueror's grandfather, and nephew 
of Mauger, the ancestor of the Granvilles of Stowe and 
Bideford, whose descent from RoUo the Dane will be found 
in my Notes, Genealogical and Historieal, p. 12, et seq. 

* Lysons, and others, call him son of " Walter (ie Ponz." 


Another son of Mauger, Richard Fitz-Ponz, was the ancestor 
of the noble house of Clifford. 

Drogo Fitz-Mauger, although he did not hold directly from 
the Crown, was, as a sub-tenant to Jeffery de Coutance of no less 
than seventy-three Manors, one of the largest landed proprietors 
in Devonsiiire. His Manor of Bremerige in Southmolton, 
which passed at an early date to the Tracys, and from them 
descended to the Martins, probably came to the former in 
marriage with a granddaughter, heir, or co-heir to one of his 
several sons, another of whom, " Drogo," appears to have 
been settled upon his Manor of " Hagintone," since known as 
Hayne, in the parish of Newton St. Cyres, and has been 
claimed as the forefather through " a younger branch " of the 
" Drevves " of Grange, sometime of Killerton, and of the 
" Drews " of Youghal, co. Cork. Hayne, however, passed to 
the Northcotes, 17th May, 1585, by the marriage of Mary, 
daughter and heir of Edmund Drewe of Hayiie, with Walter 
Northcote of Crediton, who had an only child, Elizabeth, first 
the wife of George Yarde of Churston, by whom she had issue, 
and afterward of Dr. Barnabas Potter, the Calvinist, Lord 
Bishop of Carlisle. (See my AsJihurton and its Neiglibourhood, 
p. 13s). Hayne, however, has descended in the issue of 
Walter Northcote's elder brother, John Northcote of Uton. 
(See Northcote genealogy, post). 

The pedigree of Drewe of Sliarpham, afterward of Killerton, 
and since of Grange, in the parish of Broad-Hembury, as 
entered at the Herald's Visitations of Devonshire, commences 
with William Drewe of Sharpham, whose third son died 22nd 
June, 1548. His descendant, Edward Drewe, purchased the 
Grange, which had belonged to the dissolved Abbey of Dunkes- 
wcli, of Henry Wriothesley, third Earl of Southampton, in or 
about the year 1601. The same Edward (who was a sergeant- 
at-law, Recorder of Exeter, 1592, and grandson of John Drewe 
of the parish of St. Leonard, Exeter, second in descent from 
William, third son of the William Drewe who commences the 
pedigree, and who acquired Sharpham by his marriage with 
Joan, daughter and co-heir of John Prideaux of Modbury) also 
purchased Killerton of the devisors of the last daughter and 
heir of that name and house, and his son, Sir Thomas Drewe, Kt., 


sold it to Sir Arthur Acland, father of the first Baronet and 
nephew of Sir John Acland, Kt., who purchased Columb John, 
in the same parish, the ancient residence of tlie Culmes, of 
Wilh'am Roivswell, and died in 1620. (See Acland genealogy, 

Sir Thomas Drewe, the first of the family who resided at 
the " Grange," which was built by him in his father's life-time, 
1610, died there 15th July, 165 1. 

According to their pedigree in Burke's Landed Gentry, the 
Drews of Youghal, co. Cork, and of Drewsboro', co Clare, claim 
to originate from " Drogo," through Drewe of Hayne, in right 
of descent from Francis, asserted to have been the " second son 
of John Drew of Hayne, etc., by Joan Williams of Ivesbridge."* 
I liave neither space nor inclination to notice, at any length, 
the very obvious errors and assumptions in the earlier portion 
of the genealogy I now quote, according to which this 
Francis " went to Ireland, a captain in the army of Queen 
Elizabeth, about the year 1598, was afterward of Kilwinn}', 
CO. Waterford, &c., married twice, and was the father of John 
Drew of Kilwinny, and of Barry Drew of Ballyduff, the an- 
cestors of these Irish branches." 

It is sufficient to say that it was Joane, not " John Drew," 
wlio was the wife, not "husband," of John Williams of Tro- 
bridge, co. Devon, that the father of Francis, younger brother 
of Edward Drewe of Hayne, not "Richard," does not appear 
to have been the Francis, if he ever had any real existence, 
who settled in Ireland; at all events Francis Drew of Newton 
St. Cyres, and the nephew, not " son," of Joan Williams, was 
buried there, as shewn by the parish register, 20th June, 

'■ Walter," another son of Drogo Fitz-AIauger, and therefore 
brother of " Drogo," the ancestor of Drewe of Hayne (which 
estate now belongs to Lord Iddesleigh), was known, probably 
from his birthplace, as " de Bremerige." That he was settled 
upon that portion of his father's property which was situated in 
Sandford, that he must have given his name to it, and that 

sh or H.-irford, 

, pp. 220, 221. 


it was appendant to his father's Manor of Bradleigh, otlierwise 
Posbury-Bradleiyh, is sufficiently proved by existing con- 
temporary records, together with the fact that he was the 
father and grandfather of Richard and Robert de Bremerige. 

The latter "recovered" his land in Sandford in or about 
the )-ear 121 8, upon doing the customary homage and service 
to the chief lord of the fee, and upon surrender of " one ox 
and one horse" as an heriot, as "son of Richard, son of Walter 
de Bremelrig, whose land it was." The tenure was the annual 
render of " three little sieves of chimney soot, five sieves of 
oats, and a small money payment." Amongst the witnesses 
to this " recovery " I find the name of his neighbour, "Gilbert 
de Dodarig." 

In the third year of Henry III., 1218, Jordan de Coketrewe, 
in the presence of Josceline, Bishop of Bath and Wells, Roger 
Cole, Canon of Exeter, and others, acknowledged the right 
of " Robert, son of Richard de Bremelrigg," to one ferling 
of land ill " Bremelrigg." His descendants continued to possess 
this Sandford property from generation to generation, but 
when the Manor of Posbury-Bradleigh became alienated from 
the posterity of Drogo Fitz-Mauger, I am, at present, unable 
to say. It is shown by an indenture dated 20th April, 12th 
Henry VIII., I52i,that John Bremridge then held Bremridge 
as of the Manor of Bradleigh, whose then owner was a certain 
John Ford. This John Bremridge, who had sisters, Tliomasine 
and Mary, was the son of John Bremridge of Bremridge, by 
his wife. Christian Ware, and died in 1 581, and the latter was 
the son and heir of William Bremridge of Bremridge (twelfth 
in direct descent from Drogo Fitz-Mauger), who had release 
of all tenements, lands, reversions, rents, etc., etc., in " Breme- 
rygge," 1 8th January, 9th Edward IV., 1469. 

On the Sth April, 23rd Elizabeth, 1581, John Bremridge, 
son of the John of 1521 above mentioned, did homage and 
service to George Pollard, then the Lord of the Manor of 
Posbury-Bradleigh, and duly recovered seizin of Bremridge, 
his inheritance. By an Iiiq. p.m. taken at Okehampton, i6tli 
June, 41st Elizabeth (1599), it appears that he died "seized 
of one capital messuage or tenement called Bremridge, with 
three orchards, two gardens, scvent)- acres of land, four of 


meadow, and half an acre of wood, within the parish and 
hundred of Crediton, all held of Richard Pollard and John 
Hele, serjeant-at-law, as parcel of the Manor of Posbury- 
Bradleigh, by the eighth part of a knight's fee and by the 
annual rent of seven shillings and five pence, that he held 
no other Manors in reversion, remainder, or in use, on tlie 
day he died, and that William Bremridge was his son and 
next heir and aged twenty-one j'ears or more." 

The grandson of the latter, John Bremridge, was the father 
of John, son and heir, of Bremridge, and also of a younger 
son who liekwise resided in Sandford, and had a son, also of 
Sandford, the father of Samuel Bremridge, of whom here- 
after, and of two daughters, Sarah (Langworthy) and Mary 

John, son and heir of John Bremridge, married Mary Reed 
of Priors Town, Sandford, and was the father of John Brem- 
ridge, who, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Smale 
of Witheridge, had a son, John, who died unmarried, and a 
daughter, Anna Maria,* heir to her brother, and who brought 
Bremridge, in 1788, to her husband, Richard Melhuisli of 
Poughill (a brother of John Melhuish of Hill in Cruse Morchard), 
whose daughter, Elizabeth, married Jonathan Worthy. (See 
ante, pp. 79, 80 ; and " Worthe of Worth," post.) 

Thomas Melhuish of Poughill inherited Bremridge in right 
of his mother, and married his kinswoman, Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. T. Melhuish of Clawton and Abhwater, by whom 
he had Thomas Bremridge Melhuish, son and heir, born 18 12, 
of Bremridge and Poughill, and rector of the latter parish. 
Upon his death, October 7th, 1885, his son John, then a minor, 
succeeded to Bremridge and the rest of the property, which 
has all been recently sold— 1894- 1895. 

Samuel Bremridge, above mentioned, of Sandford, and after- 
ward of Barnstaple, acquired a lease of a house in the latter 
borough in 1806, and was a Coroner of the County. He married 
Ann, daughter of Thomas Scott of High Bickinglon in 1763, 
and was the father, inter alios, of John Bremridge, first son 

* bhe was mairicd 20th November, 1775, and was ihe first wife of Richard 
Melhuish, wli., afterward married I'rideaux. 


and heir, who married Anne Colley ; * Samuel Bremridge, whose 
son, Richard, some time represented Barnstaple in Parliament; 
and also of Thomas Bremridge of the H.E.I.C.N.S., who was 
born in 1769, and married, in 1S18, Elizabeth Hicks, daughter 
and co-heir of John, elder brother of Jonathan Worthy of 
Exeter, above mentioned, by whom he had issue — James Philip, 
Thomas Julius, and Maria Worthy. 

Tiie eldest son, James Philip Bremridge, born 7th February, 
1820, of St. John's College, Oxford, was for some years Vicar 
of Winkleigh, and married, in 1847, Mary, daughter of Henry 
Melhuish Ford of Exeter, and died in 1887, leaving issue — 
Philip Bremridge, eldest son, born 14th July, 1848, who now 
resides at Winkleigh ; Henry, late of Exeter College, Oxford, 
and who was instituted to the Vicarage of Winkleigh in suc- 
cession to his father upon the presentation of the Dean and 
Chapter of Exeter, and has issue ; and a daughter, Mary, He 
had also a second son, John, who predeceased him, nth 
September, 1884, aet. 31. 

The second son, Thomas Julius Bremridge, of the Vineyard 
(Exeter Castle), was born 7th March, 1824, has long held the 
offices of Registrar of the Archdeaconry of Exeter and Clerk 

* John Bremridge had, with three daughters, a son and heir, James Bremridge, 
who died s.p., and a second son, John, who died unmarried in 1878, £et. 76. Their 
mother, Anne Colley, who was married in 1796, and died in 1845, after a widow- 
hood of thirty-seven years, was the grand-daughter of the Rev. James Colley, 
Rector of Martinhoe, great-grandson of Sir Anthony Colley, Kl., hy his wife, 
Anne, daughter and heir of Sir William Turpin, Kt., by Elizabeth, si.ster of 
Richard Fiennes, whose claim to the Barony of Say and Sele (writ 3rd March, 
1447) was recognised by lelteis patent of 9th August, 1603. His lordship was 
the grandson of Edward, who, for family reasons, never assumed the title, 
grandson of Henry ''Lord Saye, who was never summoned to Parliament," 
and died in 1476. The latter was son and heir of William, second Lord Saye, by 
Margaret, daughter and sole heir of William WicUham, son of Sir Thomas Perot, Kt., 
who assumed the name of Wickham in memory of his grandmother, Agnes Perot de 
Wickham, wife of William Champneis, and sister of William Perot, otherwise 
" William of Wickham," the celebrated Bishop of Winchester, the founder of Win- 
chester College and of New College, Oxford, and the architect of that portion of the 
fabric of Windsor Castle which was erected in the reign of Edward HI. The 
Bishop died at South Waltham, Saturday, 27th September, 1404. His ancestors, 
the Perots of Wickham, co. Hants, were the descendants of Sir Stephen Perot by his 
marriage with Princess Helen, daughter and sole heir of Marchin, son of Howel 
Dhu, surnamed " the good," who died in 947, grandson of Roderick the Great, 
King of all Wales. 

The Colleys settled in Devonshire upon the preferment of Thomas Colley, Clerk in 
Holy Ordeis (son of Dr. Thomas Colley, Registrar to the Bishop of London, son of 
the aforesaid Sir Anthony Colley) to the Rectories of Georgeham and Sherwill. He 
married Mary, daughter of Sir T. Stukeley, and died in 1698. He claimed a com- 
mon origin with the family of Colley of Castle Carbery, the paternal ancestors of the 
Wellesleys, Earls of Mornington and Dukes of Wellington, whose original name was 


of the Peace for that cit\-. He married in 1857, Margaret, 
j'oungest daui^hter of the late Henr}- Melhuish Ford, of Exeter, 
and }-ounger sister of the late Mrs. J. P. Bremridge of \\'ink- 

Anns of Bremridge — Sa., a chevron between 3 crosslets <>/■. 

Crest — An arm embowed in amiour, holding a dagger 
point upward in pale ppr. hilted or. 

Motto — " Nil Desperandum." 

The Bremridges quarter Worthy (/// post, Worth of Worth, 
but differenced with a crescent). 


There are so many discrepancies, inaccuracies, and palpable 
genealogical errors, in the several notices of the ancient owners 
of Great Fulford, for whom a "Saxon origin" has been com- 
monly, but liypothetically, claimed, that I have decided, without 
unnecessary reference to other writers, to confine mj'self to the 
facts I have been able to recover as to their descent, and to 
dwell but lightly upon those points in their historj' which, have 
manifestly originated in mere tradition. 

Although the several pedigrees of this family, as recorded b}- 
the Heralds at the sixteenth century Visitations of the county, 
differ considerably in the earlier generations, the long residence 
of tlie Fulfords at Great Fulford — possibly from the time of 
Richard the first, positively from that of Henry IIT — may be 
freely admitted ; but this property, which is situated in the 
parish of Dunsford and hundred of Wonford, and invariably 
described in old records as the " Vill " of Fulford, has been 
strange)}- confused with the only manor of similar name men- 
tioned ia the Exeter Domesday, and written " Folefort " in 
that record, and " Foleford " in the Exchequer Copy of the 

"Folefort," hov\ever, was the property now merged with 
"Shobrooke Park," and known as Little Fulford, which, in 
1086, consisted of about forty acres of land, inclusive of four of 
meadow and twenty of pasture. It was rated, in the Confessor's 
reign, at seven shillings /. a., and passed at the Conquest to 


Baldwin de Bricin, under whom it was held by Motbert, who 
was the owner, under the same chief lord, of other neighbouring 
estates, such as Kennerleigh and Eggbeare, in Cheriton Bishop, 
and after descending through several families it was ultimately 
sold by the Mallets (who had acquired it in marriage with Hatch, 
of Wolleigh, in Beaford), to Sir William Perriam, Lord Chief 
Baron of the Exchequer, who built a house there, and died 
in 1605 ; his co-heirs again sold it to the Tuckfields, who 
erected the mansion now known as " Shobrooke Park," which, 
from them, has descended by devise, through Hippesley, to 
its present owner, Sir John Shelley, Bart. This property is 
situated partly in Shobrooke and partly in the parish of 

The Manor of Dunsford did not change hands at the Con- 
quest, but was left in the quiet possession of a Saxon Thegn 
called "Saulf," together with a neighbouring property, in Tedburn 
St. Mary, known as Melhywis (Melhuish). Saulf, however, was 
deprived of other lands which he had held in the reign of 
Edward the Confessor, which were given to Robert of Mortain 
and to the latter's powerful henchman, Alured Brito, and it is 
improbable that this Saxon owner was left at ease in his 
curtailed estates during the troublous times that followed the 
death of William the First and the reigns of his sons, Rufus 
and Henry, and their nephew, Stephen. Risdon (A.D. 1638) 
remarks that " Dunsford by Teign side was in ancient times' 
the lands of William Bacon the Norman," and the " William 
Bacon " thus referred to can only have been the younger of 
the great-grandsons of " Grimbald," the kinsman of Earl Warren, 
and the commonly asserted ancestor of our premier Baronet. 
This William and his brother, " Robert," are both said to have 
taken the name of " Bacon," and they must have been contem- 
poraries of King Henry \\. 

But the parish of Dunsford extends over nearly si.K thousand 
acres, and there are several estates in it, which, like Great 
Fulford, have not descended with the manor, which was 
not owned by the Fulfords until the sixteenth century, nor 
has any proof at all been adduced as to their connection 
even with the parish until the reign of Richard I. at the earliest, 
and then it is that a certain " William r/d' Turpi [''c/^/^'," or \\'illiam 


oi X.\\e foul ford, a designation \vl)ich appears to point plainly to 
some memorable episode in the Holy wars, possibly to the 
defeat of the Army of the Cross at Tiberias, in 1187, is 
described as " de Fulford." This William de Fulford, or '' de 
Turpi Vado" is traditionally believed to have distinguished 
himself greatly in the third Crusade, and is the first recorded 
ancestor of the family. It must be remembered, however, 
that there are other places of the same name both in Stafiford- 
shire and Yorkshire, and it was at the "foul ford " (Fulford) near 
York that Edwin and Morcar were defeated by Harold Ilardrada, 
King of Norwa^, just before the Battle of Hastings, September 
20th, 1066. Whatsoever he may have done to deserve such a 
signal mark of Royal favour as the grant of these lands must 
suggest, or however he may have come by his surname, it 
seems to me clear that " William de Turpi Vado " gave it, in 
its English form, to the " Vill of Fulford," and that the latter 
had been originally a portion of Saxon Saulf's great Manor 
of Dunsford, whicii had become subdivided when taken in 
hand by the Crown, as chief lords of the fee, probably very 
soon after the completion of the Domesday Survey, and thus 
the lordship of Dunsford, after an interval of some years, was 
again resumed by King John, and given by him to the Sack- 
villes ; whilst that part of it since known as Fulford, was 
doubtless acquired by " William," either in the latter part of 
the reign of Henry the Second, or perhaps upon the return 
to England of his son, King Richard the First, in 1194, and 
after the second coronation of that monarch. 

The pedigree of Fulford, as recorded at the Devonshire 
Visitation of 1564 (MS. Harl., 5185), commences with this 
" William de Turpi Vado',' therein described as " William de 
Fulford, temp. R. I.," whose son, Nicholas de Fulford, was 
the father of " William de Fulford," whose first wife was Mary, 
daughter and co-heir of Baldwin de Belston, who was also 
the owner of the ?iIanor of Parkham, near Bideford. 

Both these Manors had been held, in 1087, by " Richard," 
under Baldwin de Brion, and it is probable that the succeeding 
"de Belstons," most of whom were called Baldwin, were the 
natural grandchildren of " de Brion," whose eldest son, 
Richard, had no lawful issue, on which account the hereditarj' 


Shrievalty of Devon passed to his sister, Adeliza, as I have I 

fully explained elsewhere. {Dcvoiis/n?-e Parishes, \o\. i, pp. 78, ! 

ct seg. Suburbs «f Exeter, pp. 144, et set/.) ] 

Mar)- de Belstone inherited a third of the Manor of Bclstoiie, 

situated about tliicc miles distant from Okehampton Castle, ! 

the seat of " de Brion's " Barony, and also a third of Parkham. I 

Her husband, " William de Fnlford," as co-patron with her I 

brother-in-law, "Richard de Speckot," jointl)' presented to the I 

vacant Rectory of Belstone, 23rd April, 1260 (44th Henry III.), ; 

and this is the first time the Fulfords are referred to in the I 

registers of the Diocese of Exeter. The advowson of Belstone | 

and the third share* of the manor of the parish were sold by I 

John Fulford of Great Fulford, who died, .v. />., 1780, to the ; 
Rev. Joshua Hole. 

According to the Visitation pedigree of 1564, "William de [ 

Fulford and Mar>- de Belstone " had issue, " Henr)-," who had ; 

issue, "William," Ui>i/>. "Edward HI.," who was the father of ' 

" Henry de Fulford, Jiistie. in lege eruditus',' his legal skill, ; 

and status, being a mere family tradition. This " Henrj-," ; 

moreover, is made the father of " Baldwin de Fulford, Kt ," I 

who was Sheriff of Devon in 1460, by the omission of very I 

many generations. \ 

The Visitation pedigree of 1620 commences with " Edmondus [ 
Fulford de Fulford," from whom the said " Sir Baldwin " ap- i 
pears to be eighth in descent, " Edmondus " being the grand- I 
son of the " Henry skilled in the law," of the Herald's record | 
of 1564 The pedigree of 1620 is vouched for by the sig- 
nature of " Andrew Fulford," who was a cadet of the fann'l)', \ 
and resided at Littlcham, where he was buried in January, ' 
1626-27. I 

The editois of Westcote's Vieiv of Devonshire,^ 1627-42, I 

published in 1845, have substituted a descent of their own, \ 

"compiled," as they remark, "on better authority" than ' 

that supplied by their author, "and his continuator," John Prince. [ 

This genealogy entirely overlooks the descent vouched for, ' 
to SS. George and Lennard, by the signature of Andrew 

* The third sister mnrried de JVi^oriiia, .see aiil,; families of W)kes and 

t Tlir Kcv. Dr. Oliver and Til man Jone;;. 


Fiilford in 1620, and has added considerably to the alread)- 
sufficient genealogical confii-ion; tliej' have also made " Sir 
Henr}-, alias S'r WiUiam, Fulford," whose kniglithood is not 
asserted in tlic Herald's pedigree, but who flourished in the 
reign of Richard II., the father of the Sir Ba'dwin Fulford of 

I shall now endeavour to reconcile an.l correct tiiese several 
contradictor}' descents. William de Fulford, son of Xicholas, 
and grandson of William, the first uf his family of Great 
Fulford, presented, as I have said, to the Rectory of Belstone 
in the year 1260 ; by his wife, Mary, youtigest daughter and 
co-heir of Baldiviii de Bclston, he had Baldwin and xA.mias, 
who appear to ha\e been amongst the several gentlemen 
of this count}- who accompanied Piince Edward, the heir to 
the throne, to the Holy Land in the }-ear 1269, and another 
son, Henr}', who succeeded him at Gieat Fulford. 

Doubtless Baldwin was the hero o\. an adventure, which nia\' 
perhaps be referred to, tlie capture of Acie b}- the infideK in 
1 291 (when, it will be remembered, the Christian recluses in 
that cit}' disfigured their laces in order to escape the lust of 
their conquerors), and which the figures of two Saracens, borne, 
b\- prescriptive right, as supporters to the arms of this family, 
are said to commemorate. I will gi\-e the stor}- in the words 
of Tristram Risdon : — "Sir Baldwin Fulford of deserved memor}- 
for worth and \-alour, records testify that for the honour and 
liberty of a ro}-al lady in a castle besieged he fought a combat 
with a Saracen, for growth an unequal match, and obtaincLi 
victory b}' the death of his opponent. " With respect to the 
"bulk, and bigness,'' of this redoubtable Saracen, John Prince 
adds, "as the representation of him cut in the w.un.^cot, in 
Fulford Hall, doth plainly show." 

The old writers have evidentl\- confused this Sir Baldwin wiih 
a collateral descendant who flourislied man}- generations later ; 
but how the late Sir Bernard Burke can have gravely per- 
petuated such an anachronism, b}' explaining, when repeating 
the tradition, that its hero was "Sheriff of Devon in jSth ol 
Henry VI." (1459-60). it is indeed difficult to understantl. 
Henry de Fulford, brother of Baldwin and Amias, succeeded 
to Great Fulford, and was the father of \\'illiain, \',sitai ion I5''4, 


who probably died without issue, as his brother, " Edmund 
Fulford of Fulford," commences the pedigree entered by 
Andrew Fulford in 1620. This Edmund was the father of 
John Fulford of Fulford, who, by his wife, Alice, daughter 
and co-heir of Ralph, son and heir of Sir Reginald de Fitzurse, 
had issue, Henry de Fulford of Fulford, son and heir. 

This Henry de Fulford is said, but erroneously, to have 
been a Judge, and in the Visitation pedigree of 1564 he is 
described as "skilled in the law." Prince misquotes Sir 
William Pole, and has published the hypothetical history, 
founded upon a misprint in Godwin's De Prcesulibus Anglice 
Eboracenscs, p. 59, of "Sir William Fulford, Kt," whom he 
describes as " a younger brother of Henry Fulford," and relates 
that, as one of the Justices of the King's Bench, he presided 
at the trial of Richard Scroope (L'Escrope), Archbishop of 
York, who was beheaded for opposition to the usurpation 
of Henry IV., June 8th, 1405. John Prince blandly explains 
that he cannot discover any such " Justice," but presumes 
that the first portion of his name must have been omitted and 
that he was identical with the " William Ford" mentioned by 
Dugdale as a " Baron of the Exchequer," 12th Richard H. 
and 1st Henry IV. However, as he gives us particulars of 
his education, and asserts his connection with the Fulford 
family, the inclusion of his biography is alone sufficient to 
disparage the general value of Tlie Worthies of Devon, which 
is full of similar inaccuracies. In this particular instance, 
in which he has been misled by Bishop Godwin, the latter 
author doubtless intended to refer to Sir William Fulthorp, who 
was certainly "skilled in the law of the kingdom," legiim regtii 
periio, as the Bishop says, although others who have pointed out 
Prince's error, and have referred to Fulthorp as a mistake for 
Fulford, have asserted that he was "a Knight, not a Judge." 
Nevertheless, Fulthorp happens to have been one of the five 
judges'^' from whom King Richard obtained an opinion at 
Nottingham, August 25th, 1387, that the council of eleven, 
with the Duke of Gloucester at their head, and which had 
deprived him of all power since the previous October, was 

" The five judges were Trtsilian, Belknap, Holt, Burgh, and Fullhorp. 


illegal, and that those who acted under it were traitors. All the 
extant records of the Visitation of 1 564 are merely accepted 
copies of the original notes of the Heralds, and, as there does not 
appear to have been any such person as "Sir William Fulford," 
at the period referred to, it is probable that Godwin's error was 
perpetuated, perhaps by Dugdale, by the subsequent insertion of 
the words " Justic. in lege eruditus " after the name of Sir Henry 
Fulford, who was certainly not a judge, in the copies of the 
Visitation pedigree. The first edition of Godwin's work ap- 
peared in 1601. Henry Fulford, who is made the father of 
Sir Baldwin in the pedigree of 1564, had by his wife and 
kinswoman, Wilhelmina, daughter and heir of John Langdon, 
by a co-heir of Ralph Fitz-Urse, a son, William, who was born, 
probably about 1355, and was the father of William, son and 
heir, who seems to have died without issue and to have 
been succeeded at Great Fulford by his brother, Thomas, who 
is set down as his son in the original MS. of the Visitation 
of 1620. 

Thomas Fulford of Great Fulford, born about 1378, married 
a daughter and co-heir of William de Moreton of West Put- 
ford (the other co-heir married Gary), and was the father of 
John Fulford, son and heir, c. 1399, whose son and heir, Henry 
I^'ulford of Fulford, married the daughter and heir of Philip 
Bryan, third son of Guy Lord Biyan of Tor Br}-an, in this 
county, who died in 1391. He had a daughter, Katherine, 
wife of Ralph Prye, and who afterward married John Glynn 
of Morvell, and two sons, William, a Canon of Exeter and 
Archdeacon of Barnstaple, 1462, and who died in 1475, and 
Sir Baldwin Fulford, son and heir, of Great Fulford. 

Sir Baldwin, who, as I have previously remarked, lias 
been confounded both in family tradition as well as by 
the Heralds and by the several county historians, with his 
namesake, the Crusader, who was brother of his ancestor, 
Henry Fulford, the son of that William Fulford who flourished 
in 1260, was Sheriff of Devon in 1455-56, and again filled 
the same office in 1460-61. He was a Knight of the Sepulchre 
and subordinate to Henry Holland, third Duke of Exeter, 
in the office of High Admiral of England. He fought at 
Towton on the side of his Royal patron, and appears to have 

4-M nE]-ONSlllkE UILLS. \ 

escaped from that sanguinary engagement, but he was after- I 

ward taken prisoner at Hexham and beheaded, by order | 

of the Lord Montacute, May 15th, 1465. By his wife, Jennet, ' 

(laughter and heir of John Bosomc, alias Bozun, of Rosome- ! 

Hele, in the parish of Dittisham (a younger branch of the ! 
Bozuns of Ilton, whose heiress brought that property to Chever- 

stone (see Cheverstone pedigree, ante), and great-granddaughter j 

of Robert Bosonie, by Joan, daughter and heir of Henry St. | 

George) Sir Baldwin had a son and heir, Thomas ; a son John, . 

who was Archdeacon of Totnes, Cornwall, and Exeter, succes- | 

si\'el}% between the years 1499 and 15 iS, when he died and | 

was buried in Exeter Cathedral ; and two daughters, the eldest 1 

of whom, Thomazine, married Sir Thomas Wise, and, through | 
her daughter, Alice, was the ancestress of the present Dukes 

of Bedford (see Wise pedigree, ante), whilst the joungest, Anna, j 

married Sir William Cary, her kinsman, who fell at Tewkesbury j 

in 1471. j 

Sir Thomas Fulford, who has been confused by Lysons, 

Mag. Brit., with his younger son of the same name, has 1 

been said, by several authors, to have been beheaded in or 1 

about the year 147 1. He was, however, attainted with other I 

malcontents by Richard III. in October, 1483, but survived | 

the accession of Henry VTI., and died 20th February, 14S9 ! 

(6th Hcnr)' VII., Inq., p.m.). By his wife, Philippa, daughter ! 

of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderhain, he had a son. Sir t 

Humphry Fulford, Kt. of the Bath ; a third son, Tiiomas, above j 
mentioned, and who was the " Sir Tliomas " cited by Lysons as 

having assisted at the relief of Exeter in the Perkin Warbeck I 

siege of that city in September, 1497 ; a second son ' 

William, and a fourth son Pliilip. Sir Humphry married a ! 

daughter and co-heir of John Bonvile of Shute, but as he died I 

childless he was succeeded by his next brother, William, as { 

heir-at-law; the latter married Joan, daughter of John Bunvile I 

of Combe Ralegli,''' and had five sons, the eldest of whom was 1 

a minor at his father's death in 1 5 1/, and Vvas left to the ! 
guardianship of his uncle, Philip Fulford, the fourth son of 
Sir Tliomas and Philippa Courtena)', who survived until 1532. 


Philip's nephew, Sir John Fulford of Great Fulford, Kt., 
attained iiis majority in 1523, uas Sheriff <'f Devon in 
1534-35, and again in 1540-41. His will, dated nth July, 
1544, was proved in London, 31st Ma)', 1546, sometime after 
his death, which had occurred on the 14th November, 1544. 
As I have remarked above, up to this date the Fulfords 
had not acquired the lordship of the Manor of Dunsford, 
ahliough they had been settled for so man\' generations upon 
that portion of its ancient lands, which, in accordance with the 
reflection of the Psalmist, they "had called after thc-ir own 
names." According to Risdon, the successor of SauH", the 
Saxon Thegn, in the Manor of Dunsford, appears to have been 
"Bacon," who can onl\' have been identical with Sir William 
Bacon, of Monks Kradfield, co. Suffolk, brother of Robert, 
great-grandson of " Grimbaldus,' the Norman kinsman of Earl 
Warren, who was created Earl of Surre\' by William Rufus. 
This William, who, with his brother " Robert," fluurished in 
the reign of Henr_\- II., assumed the name of Bacon, but tlid 
not long remain the owner of Dunsford, which is said to have 
been given b)- King John to Robert Sachville. or Sackville, 
whose famil\- ouned Clist Sach\-ille, in the parish f>f Faringdon. 
I may here remark that the lordship of the Humircd of Wi^in- 
ford, in which Dunsford is situated, was restored bj- the same 
monarch to the Mandeville family, whose gift of it to them 
by Henry I. had been forfeited by a subsequent attainder. 

The Manor of Dunsford seems to have descended from 
Robert Sachville to his nephew, Philip Cau^beuf, whose 
daughter and heir, Ainisia, brouglit it in marriage to her hus- 
band, Robert de Blackford. John, son of Robe^-t do Black- 
ford, sold the ^lanor of Dunsford, with the advowson of 
the parish church, which had been dedicated, as the church 
of St. Mary, by Bishop Broncecombe, 29th July, 1262, to 
Bishop Peter Quivil, or Quiril, of Exeter, as agent for Maud, 
daughter of John de Lac)-, Earl of Lincoln, and widow of 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, in or about the year 
1284, in order that it might form a portion of the magnificent 
endowment of that charitable lad)' to the priory of Canonsleigh, 
in the pari.-ih of Burlescombe, and which, original!)' dependent 
on Plympton, was turned into an Abbey for Canonesses of the 


order of St. Augustine in that year through the 15ishi)p's 
exertions and influence with the said Countess. By deed en- 
rolled before the King's Justices at Exeter, 14th Edward I., 
1285-6, John de Blakeford executed a quit claim of this 
property with the reservation of an annual rent of one penny, 
to himself and his heirs, at Michaelmas, and by a further 
deed he authorised the purchasers to exchange it with the 
Dean and Chapter of Exeter for the Manor of Clist Hynton 
if they wished. The sale was duly confinned April 7th, 6th 
Edward II., 131 3, by the Lords of the Hundred of Wonford, 
as Chief Lords, under the Crown, of the Manor of Dunsford, 
viz., by John de MandeviUe and Sir Robert Fitz-Payne. 

On 5th August, 1314, Bishop Stapeldon assigned for the 
support of the then Vicar of Dunsford, Pagan de Excestria 
(who had been previously allowed a hundred shillings a year out 
of the Episcopal Treasury), and his successors, a house and 
garden on the south side of the church, a close near said garden 
on the east, with the altarage, the tithe of hay and apples, and 
the great tithes of the Vills of Folfo7'de and Cliffort. 

At this period the vahie of the rectorial tithes was assessed 
at £^ 14s. od., whilst the manor rents amounted to £ao 8s. io|d. 
per acre. Dunsford Manor and Church, with the rest of the 
Canonsleigh property, was surrendered to Henry VIII. on 
February i6tli, 1538-9. The manor was then worth £26 8s. 3d., 
the rectorial tithes £g 13s. 4d., and the vicarage was valued at 
£\() los. od. a year ; the net value of the vicarage in 1835 was 
returned at £2'^J a year, for a population of 903. 

On the nth June, 1544, King Henry VIII. sold the Manor 
of Dunsford, together with the Rectory and right of patronage 
of the vicarage, together with Dunsford Wood and other 
properties to " Sir John Fulford, Kt., and Humphry Colles, Esq." 
The former only survived the acquisition of Dunsford, which, 
with the church, has since remained with his descendants, a little 
over four months, as I have already shown. Within a month 
of the purchase he made his will, which was not proved by his 
eldest son and executor for nearly two years, probably because 
at the time of his father's death he had not attained his majority. 
By his wife, Lady Dorothy Bourchier, second daughter of the 
first Earl of Bath (who was a great-grandson of William 


Bourchier, Earl of Eu, by Anne Plantagenet, daughter of 
Thomas of Woodstock, youngest son of King Edward III.), 
Sir John Fulford had a family of two sons and four daughters. 
The eldest son, Sir John Fulford, Kt, of Great Fulford, was 
over twenty years of age in 1544, and was Sheriff of Devon 
in Queen Mary's reign, 1558, and again in that of Queen 
Elizabeth, 1 574-75 He died in August, 1580. He was twice 
married, first to his neighbour, Anna, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Dennis of Holcombe Burnell, and afterward to EUinor, daughter 
and heir of Bernard Smyth of Totnes, who was a widow, and 
had, moreover, been four times a wife, at her death, some- 
time after 1610, when she is mentioned in the will of her 
eldest step-son. The latter, Thomas Fulford, was the eldest 
of eleven children, the sixth of whom, Andrew Fulford of 
Littleham, signed the family pedigree in 1620. 

Thomas Fulford of Great Fulford died in 1610, aged 58, 
and was buried at Dunsford. By his wife, Ursula Bamfeild 
of Poltimore, he had three sons and four daughters ; the second 
son, who was a Barrister of the Middle Temple, was buried at 
Bovey Tracy, in 1639 ; the eldest son, Sir Francis Fulford, Kt., 
was baptized at St. Mary Majors Church, Exeter, 1st Septem- 
ber, 1583. He distinguished himself in the "troublous times" 
in which he lived, and held a Colonel's commission in the 
Royal Army and garrisoned Great Fulford House, which had 
been rebuilt in the reign of Henry VH., probably by Sir 
Humphry Fulford, and was compelled to capitulate to Fairfax in 
164s, two years after his eldest son, Thomas Fulford, had fallen 
fighting before Exeter. One side of the quadrangle, round 
which the house is built, was then rendered ruinous, and has 
been for many years disused and uninhabitable. After the 
restoration, King Charles sent the Fulfords a full length picture 
of his unfortunate father, which has since hung in the great 
entrance hall, which is wainscotted with Tudor carving, a por- 
tion of which was intended to illustrate the traditional combat 
between Sir Baldwin Fulford and the gigantic Saracen already 
referred to. Besides Thomas Fulford, killed at tiie siege of 
Exeter in 1643, and whose issue male expired with the death 
of Col. Francis Fulford, his grandson, in October, 1700, Col. Sir 
Francis Fulford, who died in 1664, had, inter alios, a fifth son, 


George Fulford, born in 1599, who settled at Toller P'ratriim, 
in Dorsetshire, and whose great-grandson, Francis I-'ulford, 
born in 1704, eventually succeeded to Great Fulford, and was 
buried at Dunsford, lotii Januarj', 1749. By his wife, Ann, 
daughter of Sir Arthur Chichester of Goulston, he had a 
numerous famil)-, and many of his children predeceased him. 
He was succeeded by his fourth son, John Fulford, who died 
without issue in 1 780, when Gieat Fulford passed to the eighth 
and j'oungest son, Benjamin Swete Fulford, born 1743. and 
who married Joan, daughter of Tlmnias Galpine. His son and 
heir. Col. Baldwin P^ulford of Great Fulford, who long com- 
manded the 1st Devon Militia, and had previously held a 
commission in tiie 6th Dragoons, InniskiUing, married Anna 
Maria Adams, of Bowden, whose son and heir, Baldwin Fidford 
of Great Fulford, and an ofificer of the ist Devon Ycomaiir)', 
died childless in 1871, when Great Fulford passed to ils present 
owner, Francis Drummond Fulford, his nephew, who is the 
eldest son of the late Rt. Rev. Francis Fulford, Bishop of 
iVIontreal and Metropolitan of Canada, who predeceased his 
brother l?al Iwin in 1868. Mr. Francis Fulf.rd, now of Great 
Fulford, was horn 25th October, 1831, married, in 1856, a 
daughter of Mr. Philip Holland of Montreal, and has, with other 
issue, a son and heir, Francis Algernon Fidford, who was born 
at Montreal, 15th September, 1861. 

The very simple Arms of the family of Fulford, " gu/cs, a 
chevron argent, ' mark the extreme antiquity of the family ; 
their Crest, "a Bear's head, erased sa., muzzled, or" is evidently 
derived from Fitz-Urse ; the origin of their supporters, two 
Saracens, I have already explained. They have, moreover, 
fully exemplified their motto, "Bear Up," perhaps under com- 
paratively adverse conditions of late jears. Since the sale of 
the Worth estates at Tiverton, within the last decade, no 
family in Devonshire can pretend to show a longer possession 
of, and residence upon, one of the most important properties 
in Devonshire than the Fulfords, save, possibl)-, Kelly of Kelly 
{ante), and Edgcumbe of Edgcumbe, in the parish of Milton 
Abbot (see my Devonshire Parishes, vol. i, p. 253). Acland 
Barton, in the parish of Landkey, has long ceased to have 
any claim to be regarded as a county residence and can 


certainly never have had any pretension to equal such estates 
as th(.'se I have mentioned. But it is nevertheless still the 
propert)' of tlic representative of its original owners, Sir 
Thomas Dyke Acland, Rt., of Killerton, and has belonged 
to that family since the twelfth century. (See Acland of 
Killerton, post) 

In the published edition of the original Visitation of Devon- 
shire, 1620, recenth- edited b)- Lt.-Col. J. L. Vivian, a blazon 
of the Fulford arms and quarterings is affixed to their pedigree, 
as follows : — 

" 1st. Fulford. Gil., a chevron, arg. 

"2nd. Fitz-Urse. Arg., a bend between three bears' heads, 
erased, sa. 

'■3rd. Moreton. A)g.,-A chevron between 3 moorcocks, sa. 

" 4th. Bilston. Or, on a bend gii., 3 crosses formee, arg!' 
5th. ?- 

"6th. St. George. Arg., a lion ramp. _§-«., a chief (?.:. 

'■7th. Cantilupe. Az., 3 leopards' faces jessant de lis, or. 

" 8th. St. Albyn. Erin., on a cross gu., 5 bezants. 

" gtii. Challons. Gil, two bars, and an orle of martlets, arg!' 

I desire to draw attention, 

1st, to the entire omission of number 5 in the above quar- 

2nd, to the introduction of numbers 7, 8, and 9, which are 
not only incorrectly marshalled, but are coats which the 
Fulfords do not appear to be entitled to quarter at all. 

They evidently refer to the marriage of William Fulford, 
who succeeded his brother Sir Humphr)-, and died in 1517, 
with Joan, daughter of John Bonvile, who, according to an 
imperfect descent attached to the Visitation record, was the 
daughter of the said John, by Alice, daughter and heir of 
William Dennis, by daughter and heir of Thomas Challon-;, 
son of Sir Robert Challons, Kt. 

In such case the quarterings would be — 

7th. Bonvile. 

8th. Dennis, brought in b\' Bon\ile. 

9th. Challons, brought in by Dennis. 

And Cantilupe and St. Albyns arc unaccounted for. 

As a matter of fact, Challons, then entitled to quarter the 


Arms of Leigh, married a daughter and iieir of Cantilupe ; 
the daughter and heir of Challons married St. Albyn, who then 
quartered Ralegh ; the daughter and heir of St. Albyn 
married William Dennis; the daughter and heir of Dennis 
married John Bonvile ; and Joan Bonvile was the wife of 
William Fulford. (An heiress of Ralegh was the grandmother 
of Alice St. Albyn ; and an heiress of Leigh, the ancestress 
of Challons who married Cantilupe.) 

So that the quarterings, correctly marshalled, would follow 
thus :— 

1st, Bonvile; 2nd, Dennis; 3rd, St. Albyn; 4th, Ralegh; 
5th, Challons ; 6th, Leigh ; 7th, Cantilupe. 

That is to say, Bonvile should replace Cantilupe as No. 7 
in the blazon affixed to the printed copy of the Visitation, and 
then proceed as above. 

But Joan, daughter of John Bonvile of Combe Ralegh, in- 
herited from Ralegh, as above, was not entitled to transmit 
arms to her descendants, as she had a brother John, who 
married Edith Blewitt, and was the father of Humphry Bonvile, 
who, besides daughters, left no less than five sons ; so that it 
is indeed hard to understand how any claim to the arms and 
quarterings of this branch of the Bonvile family can ever have 
been suggested for the Fulfords.* 

John Bonvile, the husband of Alice Dennis, was an 
illegitimate son of William, Lord Bonvile of Chewton, co. 

The arms of Fulford, in accordance with their successive 
alliances with heirs or co-heirs should, I venture to consider, 
be thus marshalled : — 

1st, Fulford ; 2nd, Belston ; 3rd, Fitzurse ; 4th, Langdon 
(a^., a chevron between 3 bears' heads erased ja.) ; 5th, Fitz- 
urse (repeated by Langdon) ; 6th, Moreton ; 7th, Bryan {or., 
3 piles, in point rts.); 8th, Bozun {gu., 3 bird bolts arg)\ 
9th, FitzGeorge (by Bozun) ; loth, Samways {sa. on a fess 
between 3 crosses pattee or., as many martlets of the field). 

* The Fulfords certainly acquired property with Joan Bonvile, e.g., the Manor of 
Godford, in the parish of Awlescombe, but this fact would not entitle them to quarter 
her arms, failing proof of the absolute extinction of the issue, male or female, of her 
five nephews, or of any lawful descendants of her brother. 



Just previously to the Christian Era, there was a very con- 
siderable exodus of Roman emigrants to Neustria, since known 
as Normandy, who declined, as far as possible, any intercourse 
with their new neighbours, the aboriginal Gauls, but confined 
themselves to the towns and villages which in the course of 
ages replaced their primary encampments, and which were 
known in their own language as " Pagi," and their inhabitants 
as " Pagani," hence the French " Payen " or peasant, and the 
words " Payniin " and " Pagan," the medieval equivalents for 
infidel and heathen. 

And long after RoUo, the son of Rognwld, had laid the 
foundation of the future Dukedom of Normandy in the early 
years of the tenth century these " Pagani " or " Payens " clung 
to their ancient rites and superstitions, although, of course, they 
had to be subservient to the laws and customs of their adopted 
country, so that in process of time they found it more and more 
difficult to keep themselves apart from the general population 
of the country, and ultimately they became attached to the rule 
of Ricliard Sans Pern; and to that of his successor, Richard 
Le Bo7i, and from time to time were notably connected with 
the public service of the Norman Duchy in accordance with their 
duties as good citizens. Yet, under such successive and varied 
changes in their conditions, they appear never to have been 
forgetful, and were doubtless, not unreasonably, proud of their 
descent from the ancient fathers of Imperial Rome, although 
by the tenth and eleventh centuries their distinctive cognomina 
alone remained to denote their remote connection with the 
yellow Tiber, and hence it was that many of these Normanized 
Romans helped to swell the ranks of that miscellaneous col- 
lection of continental adventurers which effected the conquest of 
this island under the ducal son of Harlotta of Falaise. And 
one of the most important of the Norman Pagani appears 
to have been " Ralph Paganel," or " Paynel," who heads the 
family pedigree* of Worth of Worth, in the parish of Washfield, 
and whose extraction is sufficiently commemorated by the 

* ViJe " Visitations of the co. of Devon " (\"ivi.\n), pp. 805-809. 


ancient prescriptive arms wliich have been borne by them, in 
successive generations, ever since, indeed, such family distinc- 
tions became hereditary in England — the Roman eagle, with 
the addition of a second neck, as adopted by Charlemagne to 
denote his completed conquest of Germany in the year 802. 

Ralph Paganel, or l'a\nel, whose immediate descendants 
were known as " Fitz- Payne," appears in Domesday as Sheriff 
of Yorkshire, in which county lie had fifteen manors in 10S7, 
a like number in Lincolnshire, five in Somerset, and ten, in- 
clusive of tlie Manor of Washfield, in this county, in which all iiis 
lands are entered as those of "a free Knight." His three younger 
sons, Ralph, Reginald, and Robert Fitz-Payne, settled in Devon- 
shire, and are believed to have first come here with the Con- 
queror's army in its march westward in the year 1067. (See 
my Suburbs of Exeter, p. 83.) His eldest son, F'ulk Filz- 
Paynel, married Beatrix, daughter and heir of William Fitz- 
Asculph, and thus acquired the Staffordshire Manor of Dudle)', 
and had a son, Ralph,- whose son, Gervase Fitz-Paynel, as 
" Baron of Dudley," attended the ceremony of the coronation 
of Richard " Coeur de Lion." 

Of the three great uncles of this Baron of Dudley, Reginald 
Fitz-Payne, afterward known as " de Worth" from his residence 
on that Saxon Manor, and by which name he is entered in the 
original Visitation of Devon in 1620, and as a "Knight" in the 
prior record of 1564, was Lord of the Manor of Witheridge 
under Mortain, and of Radford in Plymstock. In the latter 
parish, his brotlier Robert owned an estate known as Gosewell ; 
in the former, his brother Ralph possessed " Dart," which has 
since been known as Dart Ralph. 

He had also acquired, under William de PoUei, the Worth 
estate in Washfield, which appears to have descended to his 
brother Reginald aforesaid, doubtless through failure of his 
own issue. This property was adjacent to that Manor of 
Washfield which was held in demesne by his father, Ralph 
Paganel, or Paynel, and which afterward seems to have be- 
come merged with it. There was, however, a second Manor, 
which is still known as that of Washfield, a portion of which 

* Another son of ihis Ralph, " William Fitz-Payne,'' acquired the Devonshire 
Barony of Bamplon l>y marriage wiih the daughter and heir of Robert de Douay. 


the Worthes subsequently acquired by marriage, as will be 
shown hereafter. I may remark here, however, that at a later 
period the Manor of Worth, presumably with Washfield 
" Paganel," was assessed at more than tlouble ilie amount 
charged upon the otlicr Manor of Washfield, which at the 
period of the survey in 1086 belonged to Ralph de Pomeioy. 
Sir Reginald Fitz-Pa)'ne, iiaving succeeded his brother Ralph 
at Worth, assumed the name of that property; his son, Robert, 
otherwise " de Worthe," left Witheridge to a son of the same 
name (who was liie ancestor of Robert Fitz-Payne, Lord of 
Witheridge in 1245), but Worth descended to his son Alexander. 

Alexander " I'^itz- Robert," rt//rtj "de Worthe," was the father 
of Sir Richard Wmthe, Kt , whose son, Sir Hugh Worthe, 
Kt., of Wurih, mairied Avis, eldest daughter of Richard de 
Redvers, third Earl of Devon, by liis wife. Avis, daugiiter of 
Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, and thus his descendants not only 
derive a descent, on the same terms as the " Conqueror," from 
the Dukes of Normandy, and thence through Edgina, grand- 
daughter of King Alfred, from Cerdic King of the West Saxons, 
but also co-represent, with the Courtenays, the ancient house 
of Redvers.* 

Lady Avis Worthe, and her son and heir, Robert, are men- 
tioned in an existing deed by her nephew, William Redvers 
"de Vernon," sixth Earl of Devon, c. 1166, and this deed is 
sealed with the three torteaux, since borne as the arins of the 
Courtena}'S, Earls of Devon. I have already given tiie general 
descent of the Wurthes of Worth, and of the several branches 
of the family, on previous pages, in the form of foot notes to 
sucii of their testamentary documents as have been included 
in this volume, and as their pedigree has been already printed 
at length elscwhcre.f it only remains for me to add a 
few particulars as to their histor)-, fortunes, and misfortunes- 
The elder line failed at the death of Alexander Worthe, 
sometime after 1366, when Worth and oilier properl}- at 
Topsham and Tiverton, which had been acquired in marriage 

* For a further descent from Redvers, through Courlenay, see a)ite, p. 69, note. 

t Vivian, nt ante. See also Visitation, 1564, Colby, pp. 212, 213. Sir William 
Pole (pub. 1791) has included several authenticated sjenerations, which are omitted 
in the Visitation Records (flK/f, p. 312). Wesicote, 1627-1642 (pub. 1S45), "Worth 
i.f Exeter, Coinpton Poole, and Barum,'' p. 561. 


with Lady Avis Kedvers, passed to his younger brother, j 

Sir John Worthe, Kt. Their grandfather, Alexander Worthe, ' 

of Worthe, had been one of the claimants to the Earldom of ' 

Devon in 1293, the succession to which dignity, after the | 

death of Isabella " de Fortibus," and until it was finally j 

granted to the Courtenays by their Royal cousin. King Ed- { 

ward III., was a bone of contention amongst the kin of ' 

Kedvers* for over forty years. j 

Sir John Worthe of Worth, married Cicelye, daughter and I 

co-heir of Sir John Doddescombe of " Leigh " (since known as j 

Doddiscombesleigh, .si.x miles from Exeter), and of Compton j 

Pole, in the parish of Marldon. " Here," writes Thomas West- I 

cote in 1630, "the family of Worth set a younger .scion which 1 

prospereth well," and the descendants of this " younger scion " j 

have since written their name " Worth)'," f instead of Worthe, I 

as indeed some members of the family did as far back as ' 

tlie fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, J from which it may be | 

inferred that the final letter was always pronounced, although I 
the name has been altered to "Worth" by the elder line, of 
Washfield, since the sixteenth century, and was entered by 

them as " Worth " (but as " IVort/ie " by the second house i 

and their branches) at the several Visitations of Devon and | 

Somerset in the following century. | 

By the marriage with Cicelye, who was granddaughter of ! 

Ralph Doddescombe, by Johanne, daughter and co-heir of I 

Hugh Peverell, by Alice, daughter of Ralph Pole, by Alice , 

Dalditch, and granddaughter and eventual co-heir of Maurice , 

de la Pole, by Dionisia, daughter and heir of Compton, the ; 

family became entitled to quarter the arms of Doddiscombe, | 

Peverell, Pole, Dalditch, Compton, de Alva, and Marldon. i 

John Worthe § of Worth, son and heir of John and Cecilia 

* This family had become extinct, in the male line, at the death of Baldwin, 8lh i 

Earl of Devon, in the year 1261. | 

+ See AnU, p. 44, note. j 

J Ep. Reg. Brantyni^ham, Vol. I, f. 31 {1372). 

Exeter Mun. Rec. No. 1 116 (1424). 

/^/i/, 1127 {1425-6), 1159-1436. j 

A1)S " Worthie," pensioned as a "nun of Polsloe" 31st Henry VIII. She was ! 

daughter of Otho Worthe of Compton Pole, and died 15S6. Her maternal aunt ^ 

presided over the community and died in 1530. | 

§ Burke calls him " Sir John Wrothe " (sub. Willington), an error which may be j 

due to a misprint in Lysons, Mag. Brit., Devon, vol. i, p. 172, but v\hich is cor- j 

rected in vol 2, p. 18, of the same work. ; 


DoJdescombe, married Margaret, second daughter and co-heir 
of Sir John WiUington of Umberleigh, b}- Matilda, daughter 
of Sir Walter Carniinow. 

The Willingtons were descended from John WiUington of 
WiUington St. Michael, co. Derby, whose great grandson mar- 
ried Joan, daughter and heir of William Champernowne, and 
b\' this marriage the Worthcs acquired a large addition to their 
property in the form of lands in Barnstaple and the surrounding 
district. (See ante, pp. 260-1, note.) And thus also became 
entitled to quarter the arms of WiUington, Franc, Champer- 
nowne, Soleigny, and Loman, of Uplownian and Gittisham, and 
became co-heirs to the ancient Barony of WiUington of Keir- 
kenny, in abeyance, created by writ of nth Edward I. (1283). 

Tiie son and heir of this marriage, Thomas Worthe of Worth, 
was the father of a son and heir, of like name, who married 
M.irgery, daughter of Hugh and sister and co-heir of Humphry 
Beauchainp, Lord of the Manor of Washfield and patron of 
the cliurch. This u as the second Manor of Washfield to which 
I have already referred, and which, in 1086, belonged to Ralph 
de Ponieroy of Berry, and in or before the time of Henr)' HI., 
when it was held by William le Abbe, had passed to the 
Abbots of Loughtor, in the parish of Plympton St. Mary, and 
was held, not under the Lords of Berry, but under the Lords 
of Totnes Castle, the transfer having probably taken place 
during some period of forfeiture by the Pomeroys. 

The seat of the Pomcroy Manor of Washfield, now and for 
many ages known as Great Bc-auchamp, came to Humplirv-, 
younger brother of Hugh Heauchamp of White Luckington, 
the maternal ancestor of the Spekes, by his marriage with 
Alice, daughter and heir of Waller Abbot of Loughtor and 
Washfield, who afterward married John Strokesdon. 

This branch of the great house of Beauchamp was descended 
from Milo Beauchamp of Eaton, co. Bedford, fourth son of 
Hugh de Bello-Campo, Baron of Bedford, and younger brother 
of Walter Beauchamp, who was himself a third son, the ancestor 
of the Earls of Warwick. The great-grandfather of Humphry 
Beauchamp (the first of his race at Washfield), John Beauchamp 
of Hache, co. Somerset, manied Cecilia, daughter and heir of 
John "Vyvon," or Vivian, by Maud, third daughter of William 


Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and co-heir to her mother, Sibyl, 
daughter and co-heir of William, k Marshal, Earl of Pembroke. 
The third Earl of Derby married Margaret, daughter and heir 
of William Peverell of Nottingham, whose arms were: — Quar- 
terly gii. and vair, a lion ramp org., and the husband of Cecilia 
Vivian usually bore a plain shield " vair" in lieu of his paternal 
arms, quarterly or. and gu., a bend of the last, and thus the 
" vair coat of Beauchamp " came to be adopted as the arms of 
the prior and convent of Frithelstock, which, however, had been 
founded by Robert Beauchamp, the father-in-law of the said 
Cecilia Vivian. 

\^Y this marriage the Worthes acquired one-third, with the 
lordship, of the Manor of Washfield Pomero)-, and the riglit of 
patronage to Washfield Rectory, and sixteen additional quarter- 
ings to their family arms, including those of the old Earls of 
Chester, the Clares, the Marshals, Earls of Pembroke, and other 
powerful families. 

Margerie Beauchamp, the wife of Thomas Worthe of Worth, 
who presented to Washfield Rector}', iitli January, 1410, was 
the eldest of three co-heirs, her sisters, Muriel and Matilda, 
having married Simon Bernville and Richard Donington. 

Alice Abbot, described as " now wife of John Strokysdone," 
granted the Manors of Washfield and Loughtor to her son, 
Hugh Beauchamp, with the advowson of Washfield Rectory, 
by deed dated 36th Edward III. (1362). By deed dated at 
Worth, Tuesday after the Conversion of St. Paul, 5th Edward 
IV., John, son and heir of Simon Bernville, and Muriel, his 
wife, daughter and one of the heirs of Hugh Beauchamp and 
sister of Humphry Beauchamp, released his lands and rights in 
Washfield and the advowson of the church to "Thomas, son and 
heir of Thomas Worthe, son and heir of Margerie Worthe, 
daughter and co-heir of Hugh Beauchamp, and sister of the 
said Humphry." In the year 1500 Robert and George Wliityng 
were co-patrons of this rectory with Thomas Worth and others. 
In 15 17 Anthony and John Worth presented to it, with the 
consent of Christina Leche, widow, and Alice Rasshelegh, and 
in the fifteenth year of Henrj^ VIII. (1523) Anthony, son and 
heir of Thomas Worthe, was amerced in the sum of fourpence 
at Totnes Castle for "one third," the heirs of Alice Rayshlegh, 


threepence for a moiety, and Juaiia, daughter of Ricliard Leche 
and next of kin to said Ah'cc, threepence for another moietj- 
of " VVa}-sliefyld Manor," held by tiiem "under the Loid of 
Totnes Castle." 

Hence it is that the Worthes, having only inherited a third 
of the Maror of Washfield Pomeroy, the other two-thirds 
were from time to time split up into smaller holdings and 
passed to several owners, but from tlie date of the marriage 
with Margery Beauchamp, and until the sale of the property, 
witii tiie exception of Great Beauchamp, referred to on a 
previous page {ante, p. 52), her posterit\' owned the whole of 
the parish of Washfield (3,319 acres in all), with the exception 
of two-thirds of the lands of the Manor of Washfield Pomeroy. 

The grandson of Thomas Worthe and Margery Beauchamp, 
also called Thomas, married Isabel), daughter and co-lieir of 
Humphi)' Bevill of Wolston and Barkenden, in the parish 
of Staverton, by which they acquired much land on the soutii- 
eastern side of the county and four additional quarterings, 
including Avenel, a family which co-represented, with them- 
selves and Courtcnax-, the ancient house of Redvers (See m)- 
Suburbs of Exeter, p. 87). 

Thomas Worthe and Isabell Bevill were the parents, inter alios, 
of Thomas " Worthe," son and heir of Worth, and of Roger 
Worthe, second son, who, by devise of his grandfather, who 
ilied in 1463, inherited Compton Pole ; property in Doddis- 
combesleigh, and the co-patronage of the latter church ; together 
with much Willington propert)' at Pilton and Barnstaple. His 
grandson, Otho Worthe of Compton Pole, had a son and lieir, 
John, and a second son, Roger Worthe, who had the Barn- 
staple and Pilton property, and represented that borough in 
Pailiament in 1553; his grandson, Paul Worthe of Barnstaple, 
who died in 161 5, was the ancestor of the Worths of Penryn, 
represented in the last century by Charles Worth of Penzance, 
who died in 1766, and also of the Worths of Timbersconibe, 
CO. Somerset, descended from John Worthe, who was baptized 
at Barnstaple in 1541 and who was the third brother of the 
aforesaid Paul. 

The Manor of Sydenham, and niuch other Somerset propert)-, 
was held b)- several )-oimger branches of the famih-, who were 


considerable landuwncis in tliat county also, from the four- 
teenth century until uitiiin the last seventeen years. Their 
pedigrees will be found in the Visitations of Somersetshire, 
1623, MS. Harl. {original) 1141 and 1445. 

The son and heir of Otho VVorthe, John Worthe of Compton 
.Pole (brother of Roger, M.P. for Barnstaple), married Agnes, 
daughter of John Bodley of Dunscombe, Crediton, first cousin 
of John, the father of Sir Thomas Bodley, M.A., of Merton 
College, Oxford, Esquire of the Body in the household of 
Queen Elizabeth, and the celebrated founder of the Bodleian 
Library. Their son, John, resided at Dunscombe, but left 
Compton Pole to his eldest son, who was seised of it in 1638. 
His second son, George, of tiie city of Exeter, was the father 
of John " Worthy," who was a Parliamentary Commissioner 
for Devon in 1643, and the great great-grandfather of John 
Dewdney Worth)', son and heir, born 1760, and whose daughter 
and co-heir man ied Bieniridge (see the history of that family, 
ante); and of Jonathan Worthy, second son, born 1762,* Sheriff 
of Exeter, 1797 and 1803, and Mayor of Exeter, 1799, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John Melhuish of Hill, in Cruse 
Morchard, and died at Ide, 26th of June, 181 5, and was buried 
with other members of his family at Stoke Canon. See notes 
pages 46 and So, ante. 

Having now traced the descent of the Worthes of Compton 
Pole, I must return to the brother of their immediate ancestor, 
Thomas Worthe of Worth He seems, lik-e veiy many others 
his contemporaries, to have attracted the attention of Richard 
Empson, one of the iniquitous agents of Henry VII., for we find 
from the Royal Household Accounts {MS. Add. 21480, /<?/. 35) 
that " Thomas Worthe of Devonshire hath enfeoffed Richard 
tlmpson, and others in his manor called Berkenden, for a 
yearly annuity of ;£'20, to be given at the King's pleasure," 
and further, that the said Thomas Worthe "shall owe, by 
obligacion, at Mydsomer, ^^150 4s. od." Thus, as is well known, 
the existing laws of that period were perverted for the purposes 
of extortion b)' the King's shrewd lawyers, Messrs. Empson 
and Dudle\-, and quiet country gentlemen like poor Thomas 

* The issue male of iheir younger brothers, Richard and Thomas, is extinct ; their 
third brother, James, died unmarried in 1823, aged 60. 


Worthe were compelleiJ to pay similar enormous fines to avoid 
utter ruin. This Thomas Worthe was the father of Antlioiiy 
"Worth" of Worth, who, as I have aheady mentioned, was 
amerced at Totnes Castle for his Manor of Washfield in 1517, 
and who married Katherine, daughter of Simon Digb}- of Cules- 
liill, the ancestor of tlie Lords Digby. 

Anthony's grandson, Arthur Worth, had the Bevill property, 
Barkeiiden, settled upon him and his heirs male, by deed dated 
9th May, 1559, and there is a fine prie Dieu monument to the 
memory of this branch of the family in Staveiton Church. The 
body of Simon Worth of Barlcenden, who died in Ital\- in 1669, 
was brought home and buried beneath it in that jcar. In the 
Philosophical Transactions, vol. 47, p. 253, is an account of the 
exhumation of his body during some repairs to the church, 
pending which the coffin seems to have been placed in a dry 
ditch in the churchyard. Although it had been then buried 
for eighty-one years, the corpse, which had been doubtless 
embalmed in Italy, was found perfectly fresh and the features 
quite recognisable, but, unfortunatel}-, before it was returned 
to the vault one uf the workmen accidentally jumped upon the 
coffin whilst it was resting in the ditch, and thus broke in the 
cover and destroyed the face of the deceased. 

Tiie elder brother of Arthur Worth of Harkenden, Henrj' 
Worth of Worth, was the direct ancestor of his successors in 
that ancient propert)', who, in successive generations, inter- 
married with the Frys of Yart)-, the Bampfjldes of Poltimore, 
the Calmadys of Langdon, the daughters and heirs of Furse 
of Morsehead, and of Furlong of Langford Budville. The said 
Henry Worth's mother was a Foriescue, and after him there 
were two other Henrys, followed by three Johns, the last 
of whom died without issue, when Worth went to iiis j-ounger 
brother, Henry Worth of Worth, who died in 1777. He was 
the great-grandfather of the late John Francis W'orih of Worth, 
who died in 1878, when he was succeeded b)- his only surviving 
son, Reginald. 

Thus the senior line of Worth, of Wortli, commenced 
and ended with Reginald, and thus an old fannly tradition was 
fulfilled, that whenever a second Reginald succeeded to the 
property the land " would fade away.' Some, but not man)-, of 


the youii>^er sons had been called Re»iiiald, but no Reginald 
had ever succeeded to the property since the time of Reginald 
Fitz-Payiie, Lord of Witheridge and Worth, and the second 
Reginald of Worth inherited the property quite accidentally by 
the early deatiis of two elder brothers, John and Henry. 

Reginald Worth, who was in Holy Orders, married Elizabeth 
Susannah, daughter of John Harbensom, but died without issue 
at Siiarcott Manor, Wiltshire, 12th March, 1880. 

His only sister, Henrica Duntze Worth, married the Rev. W. 
L. Jones, Rector of Washfield, who, in 1882, assumed the name 
of Worth by Royal license, and died 8th January, 1884, leaving 
issue. His wife resided at Worth for a few years prior to the 
dispersal of the property by sale in 1887-8, when it realized 
;^5 5,000 (see at!tt\ p. 52), and died at Great Beauchamp in 
Waslifield, 2nd July, 1891. 

The mere name. Worth, or Worthy, is, of course, by no means 
singular to Devonshire, as it is simply a place name derived 
from the Saxon '' weord," an enclosed estate, or land near the 
hend of a river. This particular Worth is watered by the river 

The Arms of the family, as admitted at all the county Visita- 
tions are: — Arg., an eagle displa_\-ed witli two necks sa., beaked 
and legged gu. 

Crest — An arm erect, vested erms., gloved erin., tasselled or, 
holding an eagle's leg couped at the thigh of the last. 

Motto — "Nee imbellein feroees progeniant aquilce cohiiiihain" 

The field is sometimes tinctured ermine, as on the book 
plate of the late Jonathan Worthy of Exeter, who died 
December, 1784, and, according to Robert Glover, Somerset 
Herald, 1571, the aims of "Sr. de Worthe, Deuon," were: 
Erin, an eagle double headed, dispd. s., beaked and legged 

The same arms as admitted to Worthe (of Compton Pole, 
etc.) in 1 564 had the field arg. According to Westcote, his 
ancestor, Roger Worthe, surmounted his eagle with a bar gu.. 
and charged the latter with a crescent to mark his cadenc)-, 
but his descendants never adopted the said " bar guT 

The arms of Richard Worthe ot Tiniberscombe, co. Somerset, 
uho was second son of Richard Worthe of Luckombe, in the 


same county, third son of Jolin Worthe of Timberscombe, are 
tliose of his family above blazoned and duly differenced with 
a mullet, thereon a crescent. Said Richard Worthe died 17th 
August, 1637, and his arms are "tricked." {Coll. Ar., /., 24, 
fol loi.) 

Finally, the arms of Peter Worthe of Braunton, near Barn- 
staple, fifth son of Thomas Wonhe of Worth, and younger 
brother of the said Roger Worthe of Compton Pole, have also 
the field arg., and are duly differenced with an annulet. (Coll. 
Ar. C 22. MS. Harl. 1445.) 


No attempt has been hitherto made to trace the faiuil)- of 
Northcote beyond the }-ear 1 103, when a certain " Sir GeoftVey," 
called in records " Galfridus Allies," was the owner of the Manor 
of Northcote, in the parisii of East Downe, and presumably of 
another estate of the same name in the parish of Inwardleigh, 
which long remained with his descendants, and is said by our 
old writers, Pole and Risdon, erroneously according to the 
pedigree which was laboriously compiled by Robert Cooke, 
Clarencieux (1566-1592), to have passed to " Lutterell" in mar- 
riage with " Joan, daughter and heir of John Northcot," in the 
reign of King Henry IV. 

The Manor of Northcote, in East Downe, however, from 
which the famil\- name is derived, remained with the North- 
cotes until the commencement of the last centur}', when the 
house, having been then recently destroyed by fire, the 
lands were sold, in parcels, by Sir Henry Northcote, Bt., who 
died in 1729-30. Both these Manors of Northcote were held 
in io86 by " Drogo," under Geoffrey, Bishop of Coutance, and 
this "Drogo" was one of four brothers, said in the Clifford 
Pedigree, published at Paris in 1S17, to have been the sons 
of " VVm. de Owe,"* who was realh,- the ancestor of the 

, "Comte D'Eu," an illegitimate son of Richard "Sans 


Duttons, from whom Lord Sherborne is descended on the 
"spindle" side. 

"Walter," "Osborne," "Drogo,"* and "Richard," tlie last 
being the Clifford ancestor, were the sons of " Mauger Le 
Ponz" (uncle of William the Conqueror), by his wife, Basilia, 
nephew of Mauger, the ancestor of the Granvilles, and youngest 
son of Richard " Le Bon," Duke of Normandy, and I have 
come to the conclusion that "Galfridus Miles," the owner of 
Northcote in 1 103, was the nephew of Drogo, the sub-tenant 
of Northcote in 1086 (son of his brother Walter), and that 
he was named after Geoffrey of Coutance the chief lord of 
the fee. 

He should, in such case, therefore, in accordance with the 
custom of the times in which he lived, be described as Sir 
Geoffrey Fitz-Walter. He was, in any case, iiowever, the fatlier 
of Sir John Fitz-Geoffrey, "Johannes filius Galfridi Miles," who 
owned Northcote after him and transmitted it to his son, 
Geoffrey of Northcote, in the }-ear 11 18. The latter held one 
knight's fee of the Abbot of Taxistock, and owned lands 
likewise in Withcridge hundred, and had two sons, William 
and Walter. 

William Northcote, son and heir, of Northcote, married 
Margaret de Afeton, and had three sons, Walter, Andrew, and 
Edmund ; the line was continued by the second of these, who 
married a daughter and co-heir of Faber of Bovey Tracy in 
the 7th year of Edward L, 1278, and their eldest son, William 
Northcote of Northcote, by his wife Matilda, daughter and 
heir of Robert Hillion, had two sons, John and Andrew. 

The wife, " Uxor Hervei de Helion',' appears as tenant in 
capite of two manors in Devonshire in 1086. Her son Robert 
was the father of Gelenus de Helion, father of Alan, great- 
grandfather of Robert, whose daughter, Matilda, married 
William Northcote. Their eldest son, John Northcote, Sheriff 
of Devon, 1354-55, became the husband, in 1343, of Joan de 
Moels. Her father, Roger de Moels, who died in 1325, was 
the second son of Nicholas, Lord Moels, by Margaret, sister 
of Hugh de Courtena}', first Earl of Devon of that line. Her 

* "Drugo " was the ancestor of Bremridge and Drewe. (See " Bremrklge," aiitt.) 


mother was Alice, daughter and heir of Sir VVilliain Prowse ; 
she had sisters married to Damarcl and Wibery, with whom 
she divided the inheritance of her parents, as shown by a writ 
of partition dated 14th Edward IIL, 1340. 

Her son and heir, John Northcote of Northcote, married 
Margery de Bickington, widow of John de Graas ; their great- 
grandson, John Nortiicote of Northcote (son of Walter, by a 
co-heir of Hawkworthy, son of John, by his wife, Isolda Sutton), 
was the father of another John, who married Joan, daughter 
of John Luttrell, and to the error which this marriage has 
occasioned, with respect to the descent c^f the Northcote property 
at Inwaidleigh, I have already referred. 

The husband of Joan Lutrell, however, was a tliird son, 
and possibly did not inherit the Northcote Manor of Inward - 
leigh, although Northcote in East Downe seems to have 
descended in his line. His son Walter, by Alice, daughter 
and co-heir of Baldwin de Mamhead, was the grandfather of 
John Northcote (son of Walter) of Yewton, Crediton, who 
married Alice, daughter and co-heir of John Dirt, alias Walleis, 
of Barnstaple and Colebrook. Tiieir son, Walter, who was 
buried at Crediton 5th May, 1572, married Elizabeth Hill of 
Shilston, CO. Devon, and was the father of John Northcote of 
Crediton, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dowrish 
of Dowrish, in Sandford, and was the father of John Northcote, 
second son, described as of " Uton " (Yewton) " Esq." in the 
" Visitation " of 1620, and who, as third in descent from John 
Northcote of Yewton, signs the pedigree which was then 
entered ; the previous generations, from " Galfridas Miles," 
being also on record at the College of Arms. This John North- 
cote, who was baptized at Crediton 27th May, 1570, and was 
buried at Newton St. Cyres 22nd December, 1632, had, accord- 
ing to Risdon, the custod}' of the county committed to \\\\\\ 
the third year of Charles I. He appears to have acquired 
Hayne, the old seat of the Drewes, in Newton St. Cyres, 
although it was his elder brother, Walter Northcote, who 
married on the 17th May, 1585, Mary, daughter and heir of 
Ednmnd Drewe of Ha}'ne, b>' wdiom he had issue, Elizabeth 
Northcote, who married, first, Edward Yarde of Churston, by 
whom she had issue, and secondl}", Dr. Barnabas Potter, 


Bisho[5 of Carlisle. (See my Devonshire Parishes, vol. 2, 
pp. 69, 292 ; and also Ashhurton and its Neighbourhood, 
P- 135O 

John Northcote of Yewton and Hayne (the latter property 
still belongs to Lord Iddesleigh) married firstly, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Anthony Rouse of Halton, co. Cornwall, by 
whom he had a son, Anthony, who died without issue in 1619 ; 
and secondly, Susan, daughter of Sir Hugh Pollard of Nymet- 
Regis (Mar. Lie., loth April, 1596), and by that lady he had 
a large family, twelve sons and six daughters. There is a 
memorial to him and his two wives in the little church 
of Newton St. Cyres, which bears a somewhat singular 
inscription. Under the figure of the first lady are the words, 
" My fruit was small, one son was all, that not at all " ; and 
under the second, " My John had by me as many sons as he'd 
daughters, twice three." The word plus before twice would 
have made this statement more intelligible.* 

Of this family, the eldest son, John, born 1599, who was, 
according to the Visitation pedigree, " the first son living, 
and aged twenty-one," 1620 (liis younger brother, Benja- 
min, the eleventh son, was buried 27th June that year), 
succeeded to the family property. He was Sherifif of Devon in 
his father's lifetime, third of Charles I., 1627, and was created 
a Baronet i6th July, 1641. At the outbreak of the Civil War 
he declared for the Parliament, and joined Lord Bedford's 
army in the west in 1642. In 1643 he was one of the Com- 
missioners for the County who were appointed in that year 
to make arrangements for sequestrating the estates of their 

* The issue of John Norlhcote and Elizabelh Kouse — one son, Anthony Northcoie, 
died s. p., 1619. 

The issue of the said John and Susan Pollard : — 

1st.— Sir John Noitlicote, the 

Baronet, b. 1599. 
2nd.— Lewis Noithcote, 1). 1601. 
3rd.— Amias „ b. 1603. 
4ih.— Edmund „ b. 1605-6. 
5th. -Edmund „ (twin) b. 1608. 
6th.-Amias „ b. 1613. 
7th. — Kranciscus „ (t>vin) b. 1614. 
8th.— William „ b. 1615. 
9th.— Walter ,, b. 1617. 

The sequence of the twelve sons, 
is quite inaccunle. 


lOlh.— Pollard Nr 
nth. — Benjamin 
1 2th.— Robert 

rlhcote, b. 161S. 
b. 1620. 
b. 1621-2. 

1st. — Elizabeth Northcote, b. 1604. 
2nd.— Susan ,, (twin) b. 1607-S. 
3rd. — Dorothy ,, b. 1609. 
4th.— Gertrude „ b. 1611. 
5th — Francisca ,, (twin) b. 1614. 
6ih.— Anne ,, h. 1619. 

in- to \'ivian, risi/a/iou of Da-on, p. 5S2, 


opponents, and he sat as a representative nf the Borouyh of 
Ashburton in the " Long Parliament," 1640-1653. No writ for 
Ashburton appears to have been issued for the ParHament of 
1654, but Sir John Nortiicote, uith ten others, was returned 
for the coutily, l-th of July, 1654, to the "Protector's Parlia- 
ment," which met on September 4th that year ; and again to 
the Convention Parliament, March, 1660, which voted the 
return of the King. He died 29th June, 1676, and was buried 
at Newton St Cyres. B)- his wife, Grace, daughter ami heir 
of Hugh Halsweli of Wells, he had seven sons and four 
daughters ; his eldest son. Sir Arthur Northcote, second 
Baronet, born 1627. By his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Francis Godolphin, and sister of the Lord High Treasurer 
of that name, he iiad,* inter alios, two sons who succeeded to 
the title. The _\ ounger of these, Sir Henry Northcote, fourth 
Baronet, born 1655, niairied Penelope, daughter and co-heir of 
Robert Lovett of Liscombe, co. Bucks., and of Corfe, co. Devon, 
and was the father of Sir Henry Northcote, hfth Baronet, who 
married Bridget Maria, only daughter and heir of Hugh 
Stafford, by which alliance the Northcotes acquired the pictur- 
esque property- known as Pynes, in tiie parish of Upton Pyne, 
wliich is the present seat of the family. Lad\' Northcote's 
mother, Bridget, was the c'aughter of John Kellond of Pains- 
ford, M.P. for Totnes, 1678, son of John Kellond, t by Susannah, 
daughter of Thomas Fo.vnes, by his wife, Joan, daughter of 
Walter Hele of Gnaton, by Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Strode of Ncweniiam, by Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Pliilip, 
second son of Sir Philip Courtenay of Molland, second son of 
Sir Philip, grandson of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderhani, 
who uas the sixth son of Hugh, Karl of Devon, by Lady 
Margaret, his wife, youngest daughter of Humphry de Bolum, 
Earl of Hereford, by the Princess Elizabeth, fifth daughter 
of Pldward L, King of England, bv Eleanor, daughter of 

* His second daughter, Penelope, marrricd, at Newton St. Cyres, 2iid January, 
1708-9, John Heskeih of Exeter, and h's wife's family purchased for him ihe patent 
office of Lancaster Herald. There is a painting of him at the College of Arms. 
Lancaster re>igiied his Tahard in 1727 in favour of Sieplien Martin Leake, v%ho was 
alteiwards advanced to the posiiion of Garter King of Arms. 

t Although " Lysons," A/agiia Brit., and others write the name " Kcllaml," it is 
spelt as above, both in the Parliamentary returns and on the mem. to John Kellond, 
1679. See ray Devonshire Parishes, vol. I, p. 324. 


Ferdinand, King of Castile. Sir Henry Northcote was long 
M.P. for Exeter, died in 1743, and was buried at Newton 
St. Cyres on the 28th May that )-ear, when he was succeeded 
by his eldest son, Sir Stafford Northcote, as sixth Baronet, 
whose only son, Sir Stafford, seventh Baronet, married 
Jaquetta, daughter of Cliarles Baring of Larkbeare, whose 
brother, Francis, was the ancestor of the Lords Northbrooke 
and Ashburton. 

Their eldest son, Henry Stafford Northcote, died v.p., and 
the late Sir Stafford H. Northcote succeeded as eighth Baronet 
on the death of his grandfather, 17th March, 1851. I have 
already dwelt elsewhere, and at some length, up6n the life 
of that illustrious statesman,* who was born on the 27th Octo- 
ber, 1819, and died, Lord-Lieutenant of his native county, and 
to the great grief of the nation, 13th January, 1887. On the 
3rd July, 1885, he had been deservedly elevated to the peerage 
as Viscount St. Cyres and Earl of Iddesleigh. His Lordship 
married, 5th August, 1843, Cecilia Frances, daughter of Thomas, 
and sister of Sir Thomas Farrcr, Baronet, by whom he had a 
family of seven sons and three daughters. His secmd son, the 
Honourable Henry Stafford Northcote, C.B., born in 1S46, 
was created a Baronet 23rd November, 1S87, and has long 
represented Exeter in Parliament. He married, in 1873, Alice, 
daughter of Sir George Stephen, Bt, who was raised to the 
peerage as Lord Mt. Stephen, 1S91. 

Lord Iddesleigh was succeeded in his title and estates by 
his eldest son. Viscount St. C)res, born 7th August, 1845, who 
married, 1868, Elizabeth Lucy, eldest daughter of Sir H. S. 
Meysey-Thompson, Bt, of Kiiby Hall, Yorks., and has issue, 
with three daughters, Stafford Henry Northcote, Viscount St. 
Cyres, who was born 29th August, 1869. 

Arms of Northcote as admitted at the Visitation of Devon, 
1620 — -A/'o^., 3 crosslcts in bend sa. 

Crest — On a chapeau ^^u/es turned up en/i., a stag trippant 

Supporters — Two stags//;-., from the neck of each suspended 

* /.t/e of the late Right Honourable the Earl of Iddesleigh, G.C.B., second ecUiion, 
Lomlon, 1887, pp. 11-53. 

DErOXSHl/^F. WILLS. 447 

by a chain or , an escutcheon erui. charged with a pine cone of 
the second. 

Motto — " Christi Crux Est Mca Lux." 

Note. — The Northcotes have customarily borne their arms : — 

Quarterly, ist and 4th arg., a fess between 3 crosses moline sa. 
2nd and 3rd arg., 3 crosslets in bend sa. 

One and four are very similar to the arms of Faber of Bovey Tracey. 
The daughters and co-heirs of Peter Faber of that parish, 1289, mar- 
ried Northcote, as above stated, Beare, and Campfylde ; and I consider 
that the second and third quarterings of Northcote may have been 
also founded upon Faber, and adopted subsequently to the marriage 
of Andrew Northcote with Matilda Faber in the reign of Edward I. 
Faber, as quartered by Bampfylde, bore arg. on a fess sa. 3 crosslets 
or, a iDordure azure. 

The Northcotes should righdy quarter, ist Faber, 2nd Hillion, 3rd 
Meols, 4th De Bickington, 5th Hawkworthy, 6th de Mamhead, 7th 
Dart of Barnstaple and Colebrook, 8th Halswell, 9th Lovett of Lis- 
combe, loth Stafford of Pynes. 

Although the Newton St. Cyres property has descended to Lord 
Iddesleigh it must be remembered that its devolution was not due to 
the match with Drewe of Hayne in that parish ; the Yardes of Churston 
quartered Northcote and Drewe of Hayne in right of the marriage of 
Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of Walter Northcote, by his wife, 
Mary, daughter and heir of Edmund Drewe of Hayne. According to 
Lysons, Mag. Brit., Vol. i, p. ex. (Devon), "the heiress of Passmere " 
married a Northcote subsequently to the match with de Mamhead. 
The surname of Alice, wife of Walter, son of Walter Northcote, by 
Alice de Mamhead, is omitted from the pedigree anterior to the Visit , 
1620, which is preserved at the College of Arms. 

The arms of Dart of Barnstaple, &c. (miswritten " Durke " in the 
Northcote pedigree) were " Gu., a fess and canton erm." 


In the years immediately subsequent to the Norman Con- 
quest, the King's great Barons coninionly granted smaller 
manors witiiin their own honours to be held under them by 
persons of somewhat lesser importance, and in process of time 
man}' of these sub-infeudations acquired most, if not all, of the 
privileges of the parent manors, although being non-existent 
at the period of the Survej-, they are not to be found entered 
in the pages of '' Domesday Book," 

One of such, in respect of which the latter record is silent, 
is the Manor of Bradfield, within the parish of UtTculme, a 


few miles from Cullompton, now the scat of Sir W. H. 
Walrond, Bt., and which, for more than six centuries, was 
the residence of the Wahonds in direct male line ; it was 
originally parcel of the Domesday Manor, then known as 
Offacome, which became included in Walscin de Douay's great 
Barony of Bampton. The property within Offacome, in early 
records written " Bradfelle," or tiie Broadfield, gave name to 
a family who tenanted it under the Barons of Bampton for 
four generations, from the time of Henry J. to that of King 
John, and although the late Sir Bernard Burke has ventured 
to set them down as the ancestors of the House of Walrond, 
existing evidence is quite adverse to his assertion, and that 
these " de Bradfelles" were removable at the lord's pleasure 
is suf^ciently evident from the fact that the then Baron of 
Bampton, " Fulkc Paynel," as shown, Sir Bernard Burke ad- 
mits, by a deed "still in possession of the family," transferred 
Bradfield " to Walerande "in the reign of King John, 1 199-1216 ; 
and there is abundant evidence that since the- latter date, 
that is from the period of the accession of Henry HI., Richard, 
or Robert, Walrond's posterity have been hereditary owners 
of this property. 

This Fulk Paynel, as I have previously stated,* was the son 
of Julian, granddaughter of Walscin de Douay, and was dead 
beiore the lOth of King John (1209), in which year his son 
and heir paid two hundred marks for livery of his inheritance, 
and for the further consideration that his mother, Ada, should 
not be disturbed in her " pure widowhood," or, in plainer terms, 
that she should not be constrained by the crown to take a 
second husband, in accordance with the agreeable fashion of 
those times. 

It is almost needless to remaik that the de Bradfelles, who 
were known by the name of their residence, and as " Robert," 
or "Richard," from the time of Henry I. to that of Richard 
" Coeur de Lion," were not of baronial rank, which the Wal- 
ronds were in the reign of Henry H., at which time Walter 
Waleran, the great-grandson of the Norman owner of Sutton- 
Walrond, in Dorset, married Isabel, the eldest daughter of 

* House of Worth, aii/e. 


William, Earl of Salisbury (William Longespeej, and his barony 
was divided by his three daughters and co-heirs. (Their 
mother afterward married Wm. Fitz-Eustace, alias de Vesci.) 

He was probabl)- the uncle of Robert and of William 
Walrond, the former of ^\•hom married Isabel, daughter and 
co-heir of Hugh de K}'lpec, and thus obtained that lordship 
in the county of Hereford. 

This Robert disinherited his nephew Robert, son of his 
brother, William Waliond, and gave the honour of Kylpec 
to another nephew, Alan Plugcnct, son of Alice Walrond, his 
sister, and who was summoned to Parliament in his Barony 
of Kylpec in 1295. 

William Walrond flourished in the reign of King John, ffe 
was, as I have shown, a younger son, and I believe therefore 
that Fulk Paj-nel's grant of Bradfield was made to him or to 
his son Robert, who is called " Richard " in the Walrond 

Whether " Richard" or Robert, he was the father of William 
Walrond of Bradfield, whose daughter, Alice, married John 
Ayshford of Ayshford, in the parish of Burlescombe, who died 
in 1265, and whose brother, John Walrond, was the father 
of another John, whose wife, Alice, daughter and heir of John 
Stowford of Stowford, in Colyton, brought him that propert}-^ 
which remained with the Walronds until the sixteenth century, 
when it was sold by Humphry Walrond of Bradfield to William 
Pole, who died in 1587, an-l was the father of Sir William Pole, 
the antiquar)-. 

William, son and heir of John Walrond and Joan Stowford, 
commences the pedigree of the faniil)' which was entered at 
the Devonshire Visitation of 1564; b}- his wife, Julian, he had, 
with two daughters, a son and heir, John Walrond of Bradfield, 
who, as Tristram Risdon tells us, " well increased their inheri- 
tance by an heir of Uflet that had formerly married an heir of 
Martin Fishacre, Kt.'' His wife was Agnes, daughter and heir 
of John Ufflett, by Agnes, daughter and heir to Sir Martin 
Fishacre, by an heir of Spekes, and tlius the ancient heritage of 
the latter in the parish of Little Hempston and elsewhere came 
to the Walronds, " in which name Combefishacre doth yet 
remain," says Risdon, writing in 1638. 


The issue of this marriage, according to the Visitation pedi- 
gree, 1564, MS. Harl., 5185 (Colby, 204), was John Walrond, 
son and heir, of Bradfield, and, according to Westcote, Joan, 
wife of Robert Battin of Dunsland. It has been asserted that 
there was another son, " WiUiam Walrond,"* who, by his wife, 
" Joan, daughter of John Bret, and widow of Higgens," was 
the ancestor of " Walrond of Bovey," "whose eventual heiress," 
says Sir Bernard Burke, " was the wife of Lord RoUe," creation, 

But this " William Walrond of Bovey," if he ever had any 
actual existence, must, to have been the "ancestor" of Lady 
RoUe, have flourished at a much later period, because there 
were as many as nine generations between the issue of John 
Walrond and Joan Ufiflett, and the year 1638, at which period, 
Risdon tells us, the then proprietor of Bovey, " Edmond 
Walrond," was its tliird owner in that line, and tliat this branch 
had therefore then become " a distinct family," but that pre- 
viously this " ancient inheritance of the Walronds had been 
usually given to a younger son."t 

The " Bovey " referred to is not either of the parishes of 
that name in South Devon, but a property at Seaton, near 
Axminster. Its last male owner of this name was William 
Walrond, after whose death it came to Judith Maria, daughter 
of Henry Walrond, who married Mr. (afterward Lord) Rolle, 
in 1778, and died without issue in 1820. 

John, son and heir of John Walrond and Alice Ufflett, 
married Margaret Moore of Moorhayes, in the parish of Cul- 
lompton, and had issue John and Humphry; the latter was 
the ancestor of the Walronds of Eveleigh, in the parish of 
Broadclist, which estate had been derived by the Ufflett 
marriage, having come to the latter through Valletort, Speke, 
and Fishacre. 

John Walrond, son and heir, of Bradfield, was the father 
of Humphry, son and heir, and of Oliverj Walrond, who 
settled in Somersetshire (and to whom I shall refer later on 

* Burke's Landed Gentry, sub. " Walrond of Dulford." Vivian, Visit, of Devon, 
p. 76S. 

t Risdon, Survey of Devon, pp. 31, 32, edit. 181 1. 

j He is called "Osmond" by Burke and also by Vivian, Visitations of Devon, 
p. 76S. He is not mentioned at all in Weslcote's pedigrees. 


as the ancestor of the Wahonds now of Broadhembiuy), and 
also of Ellen," wife of Anthony, son of Robert Fortescue ; 
of Eleanor, who married Michael Keys, and second!}', Nicholas 
Dillon, and of Elizabeth, wife of Walter Reigny ; altiiough, 
according to Westcote {^Pedigrees 484) he had but an only 
daughter, Alice, married to Robert Yco of Heanton Sachville. 

Humphry VValrond, by his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Henry 
" Owgan " of Saltwinch, co. Somerset, had, with a second son, 
John (and daughters, Jane, wife of William T)'llye, see my 
Suburbs of Exeter, p. 9, and Elizabeth, wife of Jchn "Hall" 
— according to Westcote, of " John Hake"), of Collompton, an 
eldest son and heir, Henry Walrond of Bradfield, who died 
in 1550, and left, with a daughter, Ellen, wife of Thomas 
Yorke, a son, Humphry, who commences the pedigree entered 
at the Visitation of 1620, and had, according to the record of 
1564, three younger brothers, viz., Thomas, William, and 
Alexander, the second of whom was probably the real ancestor 
of Lady Rolle.f 

According to both the Visitation records I have cited, 
Humphry Walrond, of Biadfield, by his wife Mar)-, daughter 
of Sir Thomas VVilloughby, Justice of the Common Pleas, 
was the father of William Walrond, son and heir, Thomas, 
and Alexander, who both died issueless, and of two Humphrj'S, 
the first baptized in 1554, and the second in 1555, Both 
these Humphrys lived to maturity. The elder of them resided 
at Upham, in the parish of Farringdon, a property wliich 
had belonged to the Dukes. He married Mary Audley, of 
Holbury, co. Wilts., had "no issue" in 1620, and died in 
1632. His brother, Humplir)', the younger, settled at Ash, 
in the parish of Ottery St. Marj^, an er^tate which had been 
granted to his father, the son-in-law of Justice Willoughb)% 
after the attainder of the Duke of Suffolk in 1553. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Duke, of Otterton, 
and had issue, Humphry Walrond, son and heii', "aged 6, 

His eldest brother, William Walrond, of Bradfield, married 

* She is made " daughter," of Humphry Walrond, by Westcote and Vivian, 
who do not menlion her sisters Eleanor and Elizabeth, 
t See above, Walrond of Hovey, in the parish of Seaton. 


Mary, widow of John Wane, and daughter of Nicholas Sanford, 
and died in 1627, but the family pedigree as entered before 
the Heralds, is signed by " Humphry" and by " H. Walrond." 
The latter was probably his son and heir, then thirty-six 
years old, and the husband of Penelope Sidenham, of Dulverton, 
by whom he had thirteen cliildren. The eldest of them, William 
Walrond, "aged 10," in 1620, duly succeeded to Bradfield 
in 1650, and had, b}' his wife, Ursula Speccot, of Launcells, 
CO. Cornwall, besides three daughters, an eldest son, Sir William 
Walrond, the owner of Bradfield in 1667, and who was knighted 
by the king at Bedford in 1671. Sir William died unmarried 
in 16S9, and was succeeded b}' his only brother, Henry 
Walrond, a Barrister of the Middle Temple, who survived 
until 1724. By his first wife, Elizabeth Maynard, a widow, 
and daughter of Sir William Strode, of Newnham, he had 
two sons and two daughters. The youngest of the latter, Hester, 
was the wife of the Rev. John Carwithen, Rector of Willand 
and Woolfardisworthy, and Vicar of Crediton, who died in 

Mrs. Carwithen's eldest brother, William Walrond, married 
Anne, daughter of Francis Courtenay, and had a son, Courtenay, 
who died without issue in 1761, when he was succeeded by 
his next brother, the Rev. H. Walrond, Rector of Woolfardis- 
worthy, who married Dorothy Milford, at Woolfardisworthy 
in 1759, and died in 1787, and had, with two daughters, an 
only son, William Henry Walrond, of Bradfield, who married 
Mary Alford, of Sandford, and left two daughters, co-heirs, 
the eldest of whom, Frances Walrond, became the wife of 
Benjamin, son of John Dickenson, by his wife, Harriet Bowden. 
Mr. Dickenson assumed the name of Walrond by Royal License 
2ist April, 1845, and was the father of the late owner of Brad- 
field, Sir John Walrond, D.L. and J. P., Sheriff of Devon, 1874, 
and M.P. for the Borough of Tiverton. Sir John, who was 
created a baronet 24th February, 1876, married The Honourable 
Frances Caroline Hood, daughter of the second Lord Bridport, 
and his eldest son, Sir William Hood Walrond, M.P. for 
IDevonshire (Tiverton Division), and now of Bradfield, was 
born 26th February, 1S48. Sir William Walrond was for- 
merly a Captain in the Grenadier Guards, and subsequently 


commanded tlie ist Devon RV. foi' many }-ears ; lie married 
in 1871 Elizabeth, daughter and heir of the late James Pit- 
man, of Dunchideock, co. Devon, and has had, with other 
Issue, John Neville Hood Walrond, son and heir, born 36th 
November, 1874. 


"Osmond," or Oliver, Walrond, as he is called in the 
Visitation Pedigree of 1564, appears, b}- that record, to have 
settled in Somerset, and to have been the uncle of Henry 
Walrond of Bradfield, and second son of John Walrond, 
son and heir of John and Margaret Moore. According to the 
pedigrees, as printed,* he married " Eml)'n, daughter of Buck- 
tliought of Devonshire,"t and liad three sons, the eldest of 
whom, Humphr)' Walrond, in riglit of his first wife, Eiiza- 
betli Brokehampton, settled at Sea, in the parish of Ilminster. 
He married, secondl)', Katherine, daughter of Sir John Pi.)pham, 
chief justice of the King's Bench. I5y his first wife, he had 
issue, Henr)' Walrond, who succeeded to Sea, and is said to 
be "named in the will of his cousin, Humphr)' Walrond, of 

Henry \\'alrond, of Sea, married Elizabeth, daughter and 
co-heir of William Devcnish, of Hellingleigh, co. Sussex, the 
descendant of Sir John Devenish, whose wife was Elizabeth, 
widow of Thomas Alassingberd, and third daughter and co-heir 
of Thomas, first and last Lord Hoo and Hastings (so created 
by Patent 2nd June, 26 H)'. VI.) by his wife, Alianore, eldest 
daughter and co-heir of Leo, seventh Lord Welles (writ 27th 
Ed. I.), and, in right of descent from this marriage, the late 
Mr. Walrond, of Br.>adhembury, established his claim to 
the co-heirship of the Welles Baron\-, and " petitioned the 
King, in 1832, to terminate its abeyance in his behalf,'';): a 

* Burke, Landed Cciifiy. Vivian, Visilation Dez'oii, p. 770. 

t Tlie Buckthoiights were Somersetshire people ; but it is worthy of note that there 
was a family connection with the " Buckyats," variously spelt, one of whom married 
Jane Walrond of Bovey, and who were of Buckyat in the parish of Little Hempston 
in this county. See my Dczmu/iire Parishes, vol. 2., p. 69. 

+ Sir Bernard Burke. 


concession which was not accorded.* Henry Wahoiid, of Sea, 
died in the year 1616. His son, Humphrey, also of Sea, 
hy his wife, Elizabeth Colles, was the father of the brave 
Col. Humphry Walrond, of Sea, who suffered much for the 
King's sake, and was one of the six hostages surrendered to 
Fairfax at Bridgwater after the capitulation of that town 
in 1645 ; his companions in misfortune being Sir John Hale, 
Sir Hugh Wyndham, Mr. Warre, Mr. Sydenham, and Mr. 
Spek-e. He was also, I believe, one of the four lieut. -colonels 
taken at Dartmouth in the following January with Lord 
Newport, the King's Governor there, with more than forty 
other officers of various rank.f He subsequently emigrated 
to Barbadoes, and became President of that island, which was 
our first settlement in the West Indies, and the cradle of the 
English sugar trade. 

On the Sth April, 1653, Philip IV. of Spain created him, 
by patent of that date. Count of Parma and Valderonda, 
Marquis of Vallado, and a Grandee of the first class ; and his 
own Royal Master, to mark his fidelity, permitted him to bear 
the crest of his ancestors upon a mural crown. He married 
first, Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Napier, of More Critchel, 
CO. Dorset, who died in 1635; but his second wife, "Grace 
Walrond," w-as alive thirty }-ears later. He left a large 
family, six sons and three daughters. Of the sons, the third, 
Henry Walrond, attained the rank of Lieut.-General and died 
in 1693. The fifth, Col. Thomas Walrond, was resident in 
the parish of Christ Church, Barbadoes, 22nd December, 1679, 
upon three hundred and forty acres of land, and maintained 
theie eighteen wliite servants and one liundred and seventy 
slaves. He married Frances, daughter of Col. Sir Jonathan 
Atkins, and had an only child, who was the wife of William 

* Lady Devenish was, as above intimated, a second wife. She had, moreover, two 
sister.';, co-heirs with hetself, Eleanor, ancestress of the Carews, of Beddington, and 
Jane, ancestress of the Moyle-Copleys. Their mother, Alianure de Welles, had 
three sisters, similarly co-heirs — Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, 
Hereditary Champion of England, and father of Sir Robert, who executed that office 
at the coronations of Richard III. and Henry VH. and VHI ; Cicely, wife of Sir 
Richard Willoughby ; and Catherine, who married Sir Laiinde, and 
issue ; so it is nut surprising to find that Mr. Walrond did not receive a summons in 
tlie Barony of Welles. 

f See my Devonshin Pan's/ies, vol. I., p. 352. But, in the return from which I 
copied, llie name is written Wad/and. 


Adams. The eldest son, George Walrond, was a captain of the 
Royal Horse, and also settled in Barbadoes, where he died in 
16S8, and married Frances, daughter of William Coryton, of 
Coryton, co. Devon, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Chiches- 
ter, of Ralegh, and had two sons, Theodore and George. The 
latter was of St. Philip's, Barbadoes, married, and had issue. 

His elder brother, Theodore Walrond, settled in the island of 
Antigua, died in the summer of 1766, and left by his first wife, 
Elizabeth Wills, of Wiveliscombe, co. Somerset, a son, Maine 
Swete Walrond, also of Antigua, who died in 1764, at the age of 
tiiirty-nine. By his wife, Sarah Ljons, of Philadelphia, he 
had, with two younger sons, a son Theodore, who survived 
him three years, and died in his niinorit}-, when he was 
succeeded by his next brother, Joseph Lyons Walrond, of 
Antigua, born 1752, who married Caroline, daughter of 
Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, in 1797, and re-established 
himself in England. After the death of the last Earl of 
Montrath (Coote), who died in 1802, he purchased of that noble- 
man's executors a house which his lordship had built within the 
manor of Carswell-cum-Dulford, in the parish of Broadhem- 
bury, then l<nown as " Montrath House," the necessary land 
having been acquired from the Drewes, of Grange, in the 
said parish, and this property has since been known as " Dul- 
ford House." He died 13th January, 1S15. Failing the issue 
of his eldest son, Lj-ons Walrond, who never attained his 
majority, Bethell Walrond, the second son, born in 1801, 
succeeded to this property at his mother's death, was a deputy 
lieutenant for Devon, and M.P. for the Borough of Saltash. 
He married Lady Janet St. Clair, daughter of the second 
Lord Rosslyn, and died in 1876, leaving an only son, Henry 
Walrond, now of " Dulford House," and Lieut. -Col. of the 4th 
Battalion Devonshire Regiment (ist Devon Militia), who was 
born in 1S41, is married, and has issue. 

Arms of Walrond — Arg., 3 bulls' heads cabossed sa. 
armed or. 

Crest — An heraldic tiger sejant sa., scmec of plates. 

Crest of Walrond, of Dulford House, Broadhembury ; out 
of a mural crown or, an heraldic tiger sa., semec of plates, 
maned, and tufted, or. 



Tlie Fortcscue famil)', of Norman origin, as its name implies, 
is commonly said to be descended from a certain Sir Richard 
Ic Fort, and to have been settled in England since the eleventh 
century, as a consequence of the victory at Hastings. Accord- 
ing to tradition, this Sir Richard le Fort, so styled in reference 
to his prodigious strength, was a " cup bearer " in the 
household of Duke William, and thrice saved his master's life 
at Senlac, by protecting him, whilst unhorsed, from the blows 
of his assailants, and was therefore afterward known as "Richard 
Ic Fort Escii (Richard the strong shield), and was rewarded, 
in the person of his son, Adam Fortescue, with "grants of 
Wymondeston, or Winston, and other lands in the County of 
Devon.* Sir Richard himself is reputed to have returned 
to Normandy and to have founded theie a second family, and 
thus to have btcome the progenitor of those Fortescues who, 
in many branches, long flourished on the French sea-board 
known as the Cotentin. 

It is possible that Sir Richard Ic Fort may not be an entirely 
mj-thical personage, although the only autliority that has been 
cited in proof of his existence is that very unsatisfactory and 
unreliable document known as the "Roll of Battle Abbey," 
in one of the several pretended "copies" of which there is 
mention of the Sire de la Ferte, and in another of the Seigneur 
de la F'crte, otherwise Fort, but who is nowhere called 
" Richard," or identified in any way with the ducal household- 
But, granting the presence at Hastings of the " Seigneur de 
la Ferte," he doubtless took name either from Ferte-Alais or 
Fertc-Milon, both towns in the Isle of France, and without 
any reference to his bodily strength at ail. Tiie name is 
not to be found in either of the three lists of the Norman 
invaders which Stuwe has included in his Aiuialcs, nor is 
it to be discovered in Fox's catalogue of those Normans who 
received territorial grants in return for their services at Senlac,t 
whilst it is abundantly clear, from the Devonshire Domesday, 

Burke, Landed Gentry, sub. " Fortescue of Fallopil 
t .-Ifts and A/on., Vol. i, p. 237. 


that neither a Fort, nor a Fortescue, held lands, either as 
tenant in capite or even as sub-tenant, at the period of the 
Conqueror's Surve)-. 

The compound word "Fortescue" is evidently of military 
origin, and I am inclined to attribute its assumption to the 
period of the first Crusade rather than to that of the Norman 
Conquest, and there can be but little question that the 
previous possession of the place-name " le Ferte," or " Fort," 
primarily suggested the happy cmbination of the two 
words to its original owner, or to his appreciative knightly 
contemporaries. But, as " Fortescue," this famil\' has 
been indisputably kn<>wn for nigh upon eight centuries, and 
hence originated its famous canting motto, Furtc Sciitiun 
Saliis Diicinii, and the legend as to King \^'illiam's cup bearei', 
Unfortunatel}', however, the histor}' of the house of Fortescue 
lias hitherto been made to accord with the ancient and popular 
tradition rather than with historical facts. The two Manors 
of Great Modbury and Wimpston were both given by the Con- 
queror to his half-brother, Robert, Earl of Mortain, and were 
held under him by Reginald de Valletort. Either Reginald, 
or his son and successor, founded, at Modbui'_\', a cell of Hlack 
IV'Ionks, which consisted of a prior and two religious brothers, 
and made it dependent upon the great Benedictine Abbey 
of St. Pierre, Sur Dive, in the lower Normand}- Diocese of Seez. 

In many cases, but not in all, it has become somewhat diffi- 
cult to identif)' the several " Ralphs," " Reginalds," " Richards," 
and others, described only by their christian names, who were 
sub-tenants in 1086, under the King's tenants hi capite; but 
it is noteworthy that the Manor of Little Modbury was at that 
time held by a certain "Richard," under the aforesaid Robert of 
Mortain, and if this "Richard" was identical with Sir Richard 
le Forte, alias Fortescue, it upsets the traditional storj- as to 
his return to France, but establishes the connection of the 
Fortescues with INIodbury more than a century before the 
Wimpston property was granted, or confirmed, to them by 
King John, A° 1208, and that they certainly were connected 
with Modbury at a pei'lod anterior to this concession is proved 
by an existing record.* 

* Assi/.e, I John, r igo. 


" Sir Richard Ic Forte's " reputed son, Adam Fortescue, had, 
according to the pedigree, a son, Ralph Fortescue, who, it 
has been asserted, without reference to the authority,* " granted 
lands to Modbury Priory by deed dated 1135," and in such 
case he must have been one of the earliest benefactors to the 
community, which, according to the commonly accepted date 
of its foundation, did not exist prior to that year. This grant 
of Ralph Fortescue, said to have been duly 'confirmed by 
his son, Richard Fortescue," is not referred to in the Monasticon 
Dioc. Exoii., or in Oliver's Ecclesiastical Atttiquities, and Dr. 
Oliver attributes the foundation of the Priory to the Champer- 
nowne family, on the evidence of the Registers of the See of 
Exeter ; yet, although the Champernownes may have in process 
of time become to be regarded as the founders, they were 
quite unconnected with Modbury until some time subsequently 
to the admission of the earliest Prior, noted by Dr. Oliver, 
2 1st July, 1275, and the name of a still earlier one has been 
found amongst the Charters of Plympton Priorj'.f 

Whoever the " Richard " may have been who held the Manor 
of Little Modbury under the Earl of Mortain, that estate, 
which consisted of a hide of land, was owned, in the reign of 
Henry III., by Ralph, son of William Rous. 

Reginald de Valletort, as sub-tenant under the same lord, 
was followed by his son and grandson in the Manor of Great 
Modbury, which comprised four hides, and possibly also in that 
of " Winestona," which was taxed for half a hide. His great- 
grandson, Sir Roger Valletort, who was alive and of full age 
8th King Johnj (1208), married, after 1240, Joan, daughter of 
Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and titular King of the Romans, 
and had issue an only daughter and heir, Joan, who, as widow 
of Sir Ralph Valletort, married, about 1270, Sir Alexander 
Okeston, Kt., and had issue two children, James and Joan. 
The latter became the wife of Richard Champernowne some- 
where about the year 1290. At about the latter period a 
family had become associated with the Valletorts who gave 
their name to their residence, Lapflode, within the Valletort 

* Vivian, Visitations of Devon, p. 352. 

t T.inner, Not. Monas., sub., Modbury. 

X See my Ashburton and its Neighbourhood, p. loS. 


Manor of Bridford, and which tlie aforesaid Sir Roger Valletort 
had obtained in partition with William do Braose in 1208.' 

In the ninth year of the reign of Edward II. (13 16), by 
deed of that date, Henry Lapflode granted the Manor of 
Great Modbury, by power of the King's Charter, to James de 
Okeston aforesaid, and to Ida, his wife, for life, with remainder 
to Richard de Champernowne,t whose wife, as I have shown 
above, was the granddaughter of the former owner of the 
property, Sir Roger Valletort, and thus the Champernownes 
became settled at Modbury, which remained with their de- 
scendants for many generations. 

To return to the Fortescues, Richard Fortescue, who is said 
to have " confirmed his father's gift to Modbur)' Priory in 
1 1 35," was certainly resident in the County of Devon in 11 99, 
when, with William Bastard, the undoubted descendant of a 
Domesday tenant in capite, he was attached for non-appearance 
at an Assize de Morte d'Ancestre.X This Richard, accord- 
ing to some of the pedigrees of Fortescue, left a son, William, 
who was the father of Sir John, Sir Richard, and Sir Nicholas 
Fortescue. The two latter were companions in arms of Richard 
"Cceur de Lion " in the Holy Land, and Knights of the Order 
of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Their brother, " Sir John Fortescue," is generally supposed to 
liave become settled upon the Manor of Wimpston in Modbur)', 
in 120S, by virtue of a "grant" from the Crown, but which 
was doubtless a mere confirmation of a previous grant by the 
Vailetorts to one of his ancestors, as his son, Richard Fortescue, 
held the same in 1252, as "one knight's fee of the barony of 
Reginald de Valletort, whose ancestor, Reginald de Valletort, 
had been sub-tenant of the said manor under Robert of Mor- 
tain, to whom it had been given by King William." 

Adam, son and grandson of Fortescues, of the same 
name (and great-grandson of the said Riciiard Fortescue), 
by his \\ ife, Anna, daughter of " William de la Port, of Old 
Port," in the same parish, had, with sons Richard and Nicholas, 
a son and heir, William Fortescue, of Wimpston, who paid 

* See my Ashburtoii and its Neighbotirhooil, p. loS. 

t See Abstr.ict of the c:onveyance. Risdon, Suivey of Devon, p. 187. 

X Rot. Cm: Reg., I'algrave, 2, 201. 


his " kniglit's fee in 1345, at the ceremony of the knighthood 
of the 'Black Prince'"; Wimpston being held by him as "of 
the honour of Trematon " in Cornwall, which had also belonged 
to Robert, Earl of Cornwall and Mortain, and was one of 
his two castles and the head of his honour in that county. 
This William Fortescue married Alice, daughter of Walter 
Strechleigh, of Strechleigh, in the parish of Ermington, and 
thus obtained lands in Tamerton ; and, in 1360, by grant 
of his kinsman, Richard Maldett (Malduit), alias Somaster, 
whose mother had been a co-heir of De la Port, he had a 
further extension of property in the form of tenements at Old 
Port, in Modbury, and at Painstou* He was succeeded by his 
son, William Fortescuej (alive 1394), whose son of the same 
name, married, vita patris, Elizabeth Branscombe, widow, who 
was a daughter of Sir John Beauchamp, and sister and co-heir 
of Thomas Beauchamp, of Ryme, co. Somerset. Her assign- 
ment of dower, dated Tuesday after the feast of St. Martin, 
1394, is sealed with the Fortescue Anns, differenced with a 
crescent, which is, I think, conclusive evidence that the 
Wimpston Fortescues were not the elder, but the second, 
line of the family, or else that the fatlier of the said William 
(described as "William Fortescue the younger") was not the 
eldest of the three sons of Adam Fortescue and Anne de la 
Port, as stated in the pedigrees. 

William Fortescue and Elizabeth, his wife (who had no 
issue by her first husband, Richard Branscombe), were the 
parents of William and John. (To the latter I shall refer 

The eldest son, William Fortescue, of Wimpston, by his 
wife, Isabel Fahvell, was the father of John Fortescue, of 
Wimpston, who married Jane Preston, and had three sons, 
John, William, and John. 

The second of these, William Fortescue, was the ancestor 
of Sir Peter Fortescue, " aged half a yeare " in 1620, who was 

* Probably Painsfoni, in the parish of Ashprington, not " Painstone," which is in 
Newton St. Cyres, and belonged to the D. and C. of Kxeter. There is another 
Painstone in the parish of Colebrook. Pain-ford, however, has been supposed to have 
been purchased by the Somasters in the reign of Henry VII. See my Devonshire 
Parishes, vol. i., p. 307. 

+ Omitted in the Ped. Visitation Devon Vivian, p. 352. 


created a baronet in 1667, and was buried at Ermington, in 
1685, when, by failure of iiis male issue, the title became 

John Fortescue, youngest son of John and Jane Preston, and 
mentioned in the will of his brother \\'illiam, was the father of 
Lewis Fortescue, Baron of the Exchequer, who died in 1545, 
and who, by iiis wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Lewis 
Fortescue, of Fallapit, in the parish of East Allington,* was 
the ancestor of Sir Edmund Fortescue, of Fallapit, who was 
the governor of Salcombe Castle, near Kingsbridge, and held 
it for four months after its investment by Col. Weldon, the 
Parliamentary Governor of Plymouth, in 1645. 

Sir Edmund, at length forced to capitulate, was permitted 
to march out with the honours of war, and, with his small 
garrison, retired to Fallapit, distant about four miles, and he 
carried with him the key of the great gate of the fortress 
he had so stubbornly defended, and which has since been 
known as Fort Charles, and this key has since been handed 
down as a heirloom to his descendants. His son and 
heir, Sir Edmund Fortescue, in return for the father's loyalt}-, 
who had died an exile in Holland before the restoration, was 
created a baronet in 1664; but the title became extinct at 
the death of his son, Sir Sand\-s P'oitescue, in 16S3. 

Fallapit, in 1752, came to Elizabeth P"ortescue, the grand 
niece of Sir Edmund, of " Fort Charles." Her sister, Doroth}', 
married Sir Thomas Bur}', whose daughter, Catherine Bury, 
became the wife of the Rev. Nathaniel Wells, whose son and 
heir, Edmund Wells, inherited Fallapit, by devise of his great- 
aunt, the said Elizabeth Fortescue, and assumed her name. 
Of this branch, tliere is elder issue, Walter George, born 1866, 
who has brothers, sons of Captain Edmond Fortescue, of the 
Rifle Brigade ; but P'allapit was sold about twentj- years ago 
to Mr. E. Cubitt. 

I must now return to John Fortescue, the elder brother of 
John Fortescue, of Spridleston, the ancestor of the Fallapit 

* She was great-granddaughter of Sir Henry Fortescue, chief justice of 
Common Pleas, by his second wife, the daughter and heir of "Fallapit." 


He was the son and heir of John Fortescue, by Jane Pieston, 
and inherited Wimpston, which descended to liis son and 
grandson. The latter, Henry Fortescue, of Wimpston, is 
described as " of that property," but the right heir was Joane, 
only daughter of Thomas, his elder brother, who had died 
v.p. She was tiie wife of Edmund Babington, of Wyke, 
CO. Worcester. About this time Wimpston seems to have 
been sold, but Henry Fortescue was the grandfather of Edward 
Fortescue, who died in 1631, and left, by his wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Bruton, of Heavitree,* an only son and 
heir, John Fortescue. It has been suggested that his ancestor, 
Sir John Fortescue, the first certain owner of Wimpston, by 
virtue of King John's " grant," or confirmation, may have been 
the liusband of Margerie, " second daughter, and one of the 
eventual five co-heirs of William Lord Briwere by his wife 
Beatrice, widow of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall"; because this 
" Margerie," who was merely of about the same generation 
as the said Sir John Fortescue, is said, by Dugdale, to have 
married La Ferts. 

This assertion, however, appears to have been one of the 
numerous errors for which Dugdale's works are remarkable, 
and which have been perpetuated over and over again by 
those who have simply repeated his statements without any 
attempts at verification, and in mistaken reliance on his accuracy. 
Margery Briwere was the eldest of the five sisters and married, 
not "La Ferte," or "La Forte," as others have styled him, 
but Dc Fcrnac, as shown by an almost contemporary record ;t 
she had issue a daughter, Gondreda de Fernac, who married 
Payen de Chawerth, whose son and heir, Payen de Chawerth, 
died witliout issue, when his inheritance descended to Patrick, 
his brother, who married a daughter of Earl Warrenne ; she 
was probably one of the illegitimate daughters of John " Plan- 
tagenet," Earl of Warrenne, Surrey, and Sussex, by Maud de 
Hereford, who, although he obtained a divorce from his 
Countess, Joan, daughter of the Comte de Barre, on plea of 
" pre-contract " to Maud de Hereford, does not appear to have 

* See Breton, alias Bruton, of Borough, ante. 
t See my Drcoiuhire Farishes, vol. ii. , pp. 97, 98. 


ever actually married the latter, and his sister, as heir-at-law, 
carried the Earldom of Surrey to her husband, Richard Fitz- 
Alan, son and heir of Edmund, Earl of Arundel. 

John Fortescue, son of William and Elizabeth Branscombe 
{jiee Beauchamp), and younger brother of William Fortescue, 
of Wimpston, lived in the reign of Henry V., and was in that 
monarch's following at the battle of Agiiicourt, October 25th, 
1415. Upon the capitulation of the French town of Mcaux, 
in 1422, he was appointed its governor, and has since been 
known in the Fortescue family as "Captain of Meaux.'"'' By 
his wife, Eleanor Norries, he was the father of Sir Henry 
Fortescue, son and heir. Chief Justice of the Irish Common 
Pleas, whose issue by a first marriage terminated, after four 
descents, in a daughter, who married John Fortescue, of Preston, 
and was the ancestress of the afore-mentioned Sir Peter For- 
tescue, Bart., of Wood. By his second marriage, Sir Henry 
was, similarly, through Elizabeth Fortescue, the ancestor of 
the Fallapit branch. He had a brother Richard, from whom 
descended the p-ortescues of Hertfordshire, Essex, and Bucks. 

Sir John Fortescue, who was raised to the Chief Justice- 
ship of England 25th January, 1441-2, and held it until, in 
consequence of the dethronement of King Henry VP, he was 
superseded on the 14th May, 1461, is said to have been a third 
brother of Sir Henry Fortescue (who is declared by some 
writers to have been his father), and a younger son of '' the 
Captain of Meaux." Sir John was the learned author of the 
De Laudibus Legiim Anglice, but has made tio mention of his 
parentage or extraction in this or either of his other works, 
although he has dilated at some length upon his experiences as 
a student of the law. It is not my present purpose to dwell 
at any length upon his history or career. The proof as to his 
e.xtraction is of the slightest conceivable character, and rests 
principally upon supposition, upon the period at which he 
flourished, and upon his possession of the family name. His 
birthplace is as unknown as the exact date of his birth, and he 

* As an evidence of heraldic inaccuracy, I may mention ihat in the Vi 
of Devon, 1564" (Colby, p. 100), this John Fone'.cue, " Captain of Mcaiilk," is 
made fifth in descent from his usually accepted nephew, John Forlescue, and "son 
of William F." by "Isabella" Beauchamp, son of William F. by Catherine " Welch." 
Admon. to the estate of said Catherine Walch was granted 6lh February, 1580-81. 


never had ostensible connection with this county, and tlie 
property he acquired, by success in his profession, was 
situated at Ebrington, in Gloucestershire, in the chancel 
of which church he was buried at an unknown date, and 
at the age of ninety, according to tradition ; and the inscrip- 
tion over his remains was placed there by Colonel Fortescue, 
of Weare Gifford, in 1677. In proof of his parentage, "a 
deed of the i6th of Henry VI.," without reference to its 
whereabouts, has been asserted, by which " Henry, son of 
John Fortescue, grants, etc., to brother John and Isabella 
his wife," and there is also a statement by Dugdale, Origines 
Jtidiciales, which may be accepted, as evidence of paternity, 
for what it is worth, that, as "Governor of Lincoln's Inn," 
1422-1425, he is described as " Fortescue junior." 

In the Visitation of Devonshire, 1564 (Colby, p. lOi), he 
is described as " John Fortescue Capit. Justie. de Baneo, 
et in fine regni H. 6 Caneell. Anglia'' He is, moreover, there 
set down as son of Henry Fortescue, " Cap. Justie. in Hib.," 
brother of Richard, of " Valowpit," and Heiny, of Wood, and 
as great-great-grandson of " Catherine Welch," whose will, as 
I have stated above, was proved in 1581, mote than a century 
after her thus strangely asseited descendant in the fourth 
degree was " Chancellor of England." The original record of 
the Devonshire Visitation of 1620 is of course somewhat more 
reliable, and there " Sir John Fortiscue, Justice of England," 
whose ancestry is luwecorded, commences the pedigree of For- 
tescue of Buckland, Filleigh, and Weare Gifford — estates which 
were acquired by his son, Martin Fortescue, in marriage with 
Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Richard Densell, in 1454. 

They had two sons, John and William ; upon the latter 
the Buckland Filleigh property was settled by his mother, and 
through him it descended to John Fortescue, who was buried 
at Weare Gifford, in April, 1604. 

By his \\ife, Anne, daughter of Walter Porter, and widow 
of Digory Thome, he had, with other issue, Roger, who con- 
tinued the line at Buckland Filleigh, and was the direct 
ancestor of John Fortescue, of Bampton. who, at the death 
of his kinswoman, Mary Spooner, of Fallapit, and Buckland 
Filleigh (only daughter and heiress of Wm. Fortescue, of 


Filleigh, by Mary, daughter and co-heiress of Edniond For- 
tescue, of Fallapit), inherited the Buckland property, which, 
upon iiis death in 1776, reverted to liis daughter, Rebecca, 
wife of Caleb Inglett, of Dawlish, and her descendants assumed 
the name of Fortescue, and resided at Buckland until that 
propert}' was sold by Col. Inglett-Fortescue, who died in 1841. 
Sir Faithfull Fortescue was the half brother of the afore- 
said Roger Fortescue, of Buckland Filleigh, by the second 
marriage of their father with Susanna, daughter of Sir John 
Chichester, of Goulston, 22nd September, 1584, and sister of 
Arthur, Lord Chichester of Belfast, Deputy of Ireland. To 
advantage himself of his uncle's powerful patronage, he migrated 
to Ireland, and was Governor of Knockfergus in 1620. He 
is vaguely said, in the Visit. Fed., to have married " an Irish- 
tuoinan " / liis wife was Anna, daughter of Garret, Viscount 
Moore, of DrogheJa ; he afterward returned to England, and was 
one of the gentlemen of the Privy Ciiamber subsequently to the 
Restoration of King Charles II. He was buried at Carris- 
brook, 29th May, 1666, being then nearly eighty-one years 
of age, and left several children, the third of whom. Sir Thomas 
Fortescue, of Dromisken, co. Louth, had two sons; the youngest 
of them was the ancestor of William Henry Fortescue, Baron, 
Viscount, and Earl of Clermont, so created 1720 and 1777, 
with remainder, of the viscounty only, to his brother, who 
succeeded to it, and died without issue, when the title became 

The eldest of Sir Thomas Fortescue's sons. Col. Chichester 
Fortescue, of Dromisken, was the great great-grandfather of 
Chichester Fortescue, of Dromisken, whose eldest son, Thomas, 
the late Lord Clermont, obtained the revival of that Irish 
Barony in his favour in 1852, and was also created a peer of 
the United Kingdom in 1866. By special limitation, his lord- 
ship's brother, Chichester S. P. Fortescue, who had been raised 
to the English Peerage as Baron Carlingford 2Sth February, 
1874, has inherited the said Barony of Clermont of Dromisken, 
failing the issue of the first peer of the last creation. 

John, son and heir of Martin Fortescue, by his wife, Elizabeth 
Densell, was born in 1461, and died in 1503. He inherited the 
property now known as Castle Hill, in the parish of Filleigh, and 


hundred of Brauntoii, near South Molton, and which must not be 
confused with his brother's property, Buckland Filleigh, which 
parish is in the Hundred of Shebbear.* His descendant, in the 
sixth generation, Hugh Fortescue, of Filleigh, who was born in 
1 592, had a third son, Arthur Fortescue, of Penwarne, co. Cornwall, 
and of Weare-Giffard, in this county, whose elder brothers died 
without male issue. This Arthur married Barbara, daughter of 
John Elford, of Sheepstor (for whose somewhat singular and 
romantic history I must refer my readers to the first volume 
of my Devonsliirc Parishes, pp. t,j et seq.), and had four sons, 
of whom the eldest, Hugh Fortescue, married, firstl}^, Bridget, 
daughter of Hugh Boscawen, in 1692, by whom he had Hugh, 
son and heir, and eight other children ; and, secondly, Lucy, 
daughter of Matthew, first Lord Aylmer, who was the mother 
of Matthew, second Lord Fortescue, and of Lucy, Lady 

Bridget Boscawen's mother, Lady Margaret Clinton, was the 
youngest co-heir of Tlieophilus, Earl of Lincoln, and her son, 
Hugh Fortescue, was permitted to terminate the abeyance, 
since 1692, of the Clinton Barony, and was summoned to 
Parliament, as fourteenth Baron Clinton, l6th March, 172 1. 
On the 5th July, 1746, his Lordship was created Baron Fortes- 
cue of Castle Hill, in the parish of Filleigh, and co. of Devon, 
with remainder to his lialf-brother, Matthew Fortescue, his five 
whole brothers having died without issue. 

At his death, unmarried, in 175 i, the Fortescue Barony passed 
according to the limitation in its patent, whilst that of 
Clinton once again went into abeyance between his only sur- 
viving sister, Margaret Fortescue, who died unmarried in 1760, 
and Margaret Rolle, Countess of Orford, granddaughter of 
Lady Arabella Rolle, Lady Margaret Boscawen's elder sister, 
and, in view of such seniorit)-, it is somewhat singular that 
Hugh Fortescue should have been permitted to terminate the 
previous abeyance. From 1760 to 1791 the Clinton Barony 
was merged with the Earldom of Orford ; the third Lord Orford 
and sixteenth Baron Clinton then died unmarried, and three 
years afterward Robert George William Trefusis, who was fifth 

* Both Filleigh and Biickbiid Filleigh came to the Densells, through Trewen, hy 
the heiress of Filleigh. 


in descent from the said Lady Arabella Rolle, through her 
daughter, Bridget, wife of Francis Trefusis, was summoned 
as seventeenth Lord Clinton, and was the grandfather of the 
present and twentieth Baron Clinton, of Heanton Sachville, now 
Lord-Lieutenant of Devonshire. 

Matthew Fortescuc succeeded his half-brother as second 
Baron Fortescue 3rd Ma)', 175 i ; in the following year he mar- 
ried Anne Campbell of Cawdcr, and died in December, 1785, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugli, as third Baron, 
who was advanced to the dignities of Viscount Ebrington, in 
allusion to his ancestor's residence, and Earl Fortescue, 1st 
September, 1789. He died in 1841. By his wife, Hester, 
sister of the first Marquess of Buckingham, he had, with other 
issue, the late Countesses of Devon and Portsmouth, and a son, 
Hugh, born in 1783, who succeeded as second Earl, and was the 
father, by his wife. Lady Susan Ryder, of the present Lord 
Fortescue of Castle Hill, who was summoned to the House of 
Lords, during his father's life-time, in the Barony of Fortescue. 

The present Earl married, in 1847, the eldest daughter of 
Lieut-Col. the Right Honourable Dawson-Damer, and his 
eldest son, Viscount Ebrington, was born i6th April, 1854. 

Although the Fortescues have frequently married cousins, 
and the name has thus been preserved, in many cases without 
assumption, all the houses derived, with absolute certainty, from 
the Wimpston branch have been long extinct in the male line, 
and the connection, with Devonshire, of the Filleigh, and Buck- 
land Filleigh, Fortescues can only be referred, authoritatively, 
to the date of the marriage settlement of Elizabeth Densell 
and Martin Fortescue, loth September, 14S4, four hundred and 
forty-one years ago, since which time Lord Fortescue's ancestors 
have resided at Filleigh, and upon the property now known 
as " Castle Hill," in reference to an artificial ruinous castle 
which crowns the summit of an acclivity near the house, and 
which was, I believe, erected by Hugh, Lord Clinton and 
Fortescue, who made many alterations to the home of his 
forefathers at Filleigh, about the middle of the last century. 
Although their descent, in some wa}-, from King John's grantee 
of Wimpston has been commonly accepted, yet it must be 
admitted to be remarkable that no attempt was made to carry 


the pedigree behind Chief Justice Fortescue, of Ebrington, at 
the Visitation of 1620, whilst his descent, as set down in the 
copy of the Visitation of 1564, is so manifestly erroneous, if 
only on account of its anachronisms, that it is not even worthy 
of serious consideration. It cannot, therefore, be a matter of 
surprise that the actual ancestry of the learned judge has, 
from time to time, given birth to a considerable amount of 
controversy. Possibly, too, some of my own statements may 
differ considerably from those of the late Lord Clermont 
{History of the Fortescues), with the contents of which work 
I am unacquainted. 

An earl)' deed of Fortescue, 30th Edward \ , is sealed with 
an estoile ; and the crest of Fortescue appears, at first, to have 
been an uncharged escutcheon, arg. 

Lord Carlingford bears the same crest as Lord Fortescue, but 
the tiger supports, with fore paw, an escutcheon arg., and by 
some authorities the crest is thus blazoned for Fortescue of 
Castle Hill. 

The present Arms of the Earls Fortescue may thus be 
blazoned : — 

'' Az. a bend engrailed atg., cotised orT (Visitation, 1564). 

Crest — An heraldic tiger statant arg. 

Supporters — Two greyhounds arg-, ducally collared and lined 

Motto — " Forte Scutum Salus Ducum." 


The Aclands are supposed to derive their name from Acland, 
in the parish of Landkey, near Barnstaple, which small but 
ancient residence, long utilised as a farmhouse, is still their 
property, and was originally named after the " grove of oaks 
by which the house is seated," according to Tliomas Westcote, 
the quaint author of The Viezv of Devonshire. 

The Key of Ahvyn's land, called in Domesday Alwyue- 
lanclavile belonged in 1066 to " Letwyn," the Saxon, and 
twenty years later to Ralph de Pomeroy. As " Landkey," it 
afterward became the property, for several descents of the 



Beauples, one of whom was Sheriff of Devon, 21st Edward II., 
and passed, in marriage with a daughter of that race, to Sir 
Nigel Loring, during the reign of Edward III. But the 
" Eccelins, Acalans, or Akelanes," as the name is indifferently 
written, had then been Hving at " Accellana," within the said 
parish, almost, if not quite, as long as the Beauples, and 
although, apparentl}', they were not at that period of pre- 
cisely the same importance as their knightly neighbours, yet 
that they were, even then, an eminently respectable family 
is proved by their marriage with the daughter and heir of 
Hawkridge of Hawkridge, in Chittlehampton, as early as the 
reign of Richard II. ; and, prior to the reign of Edward VI., 
they had formed alliances matrimonial with other well-known 
county families, such as Prideaux, Fortescue, and Hext, so 
that it is somewhat surprising to find that no pedigree of 
the Aclands was entered at either of the earlier Visitations of 
the County in 1531, 1564, or 1572. 

In 1620 Sir John Acland of Columb-John, then "aged 29," 
and who was created a Baronet 24th June, 1644,* appeared 
before Henry St. George, Richmond Herald, and Sampson 
Lennard, Blue Mantle, Deputies for William Camden Claren- 
ceux, who held the County Visitation at Exeter on the latter's 
behalf that year, and attested the pedigree of his family 
which was then entered, and which commences with " Baldwin 
Eccelin," who is believed to have been the son of Hugh, and 
is set down as the great-grandfather of "Baldwin" of " Akelane," 
in 1320, son of " William " of Acalan," by " Sara, daughter and 
heir of John de la Pile," or Pyll. 

The grandson of Baldwin de Akelane, who was of the same 
generation as the " Blac]< Prince," father of Richard II., married 
Alice, daughter and heiress of William Hawkridge, and, after an 
interval of six generations, Hawkridge, in the parish of Chittle- 
hampton, was left to the second son of " John Akeland of 
Akeland," by his wife, " Elizabeth Cruwys of Cruwys Morchard." 

Anthony Akeland of Hawkridge married Agnes, daughter of 
John Courtenay of Molland, and his descendants, in the first 
and second lines, were of Hawkridge and Goodleigh, for 

* Foster, and Vivian. But according to Burke, and Stockdale, Eng. Bar., 1S06, 
llie original patent was dated isl .March, 1644-5. 


several generations. The second son of Baldwin " Ackland " 
of Hawkridge, John Ackland, settled in Exeter as a merchant, 
was Mayor of that city in 1627, and died in 1640. His eldest 
son, Baldwin, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, was subse- 
quently Senior Proctor of that University, but ultimately retired 
to his native county and was presented to the Rectory of 
Tedburn St. Mary, and died, treasurer of Exeter Cathedral, 
in 1672. 

The treasurer's next brother, John Acland, merchant, of 
Exeter, died, without surviving male issue, in 1674. H's 
mother had been a daughter of Richard Duck of Heavitree. 

"John Akcland of Akeland," the eldest brother of Anthony, 
aforesaid, of Hawkridge, was born about 1523, and married the 
daughter and co-heir of a rich London tradesman, Hugh RatciifT 
of Stepney, an alliance which seems to have largely contributed 
to the future prosperity of the elder Aclands. The good lady 
left nmch of her money to her favourite but second son, " John 
Akeland." Her eldest son, Hugh, however, married Margaret 
Monk of Potheridge (graiidaunt of " the greatest general of the 
age," George, Duke of Albemarle, whilst her mother was 
Frances, daughter and heir of Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount 
Lisle). He was sheriff of Devon in 161 1, and, at the age of 
sevent}', became " right heir " to all the accumulated property 
of his fortunate and truly charitable brother, John. 

The latter was born in or about the year 1565, and was, as 
I have said, the second of the two sons of "John Akeland, of 
Akeland," by Margery Ratcliff of Stepney. He was knighted 
by King James in 1603, in the following year he was returned 
to Parliament as a Knight of the Shire, and became Sheriff of 
the County in 1608. His elder brother, and his uncle, Anthony, 
having inherited respectively the lands of the family at Landkey 
and Chittlehampton, Sir John Acland, as the name is now 
written, purchased of William Rowswell an ancient property 
known as Columb John, in the parish of Broadclist, an old 
Domesday Manor, which, after passing through several families, 
such as the Culmes, Cliffords, St. Aubyns, Beares, Prideauxs, 
and Courtenays, became forfeited to the Crown by the attainder 
of the Marquess of Exeter, Henry Courtena)', in 1539. Queen 
Mary had granted it to Sir George Basset, a cadet of 


the house of Umberleigh ; and the lattei's son, Philip Basset, 
sold it to Rowsvvell aforesaid. Sir John Acland built a fine 
residence here, upon a foundation said to have been laid 
" by one of the Earls of Devon," but more probably by Richard, 
second son of Thomas Bamfield of Poltiniore, who died 15th 
March, 1429, and who had had a grant of the Manor of 
Columb John, " to him and his heirs male," from ITugh, Earl 
of Devon, between the )'ears 1419-1422, and upon whose deatli 
it had reverted to the Earldom, failing issue of the said RicharLl 
Bamfield. Its propinquity to Poltimore would have made it 
a very desirable residence for a younger branch of that house. 
Sir John also restored and endowed .111 ancient domestic 
chapel upon this property, which was consecrated as a Chapel 
of Ease to Broadclist Cluirch on Sunda)-, September nth, 160S, 
and he usually resided at Columb John until his death, 14th 
February, 1620. He was a considerable benefactor to E.xeter 
College, 0.\ford, and gave the sum of ;^8oo towards the build- 
ing of the Hall, and beer cellar beneath it, and also founded 
tvAO Scholarships there of the annual \-alue of i,"8, for bo)-s from 
Exeter School. Over thirt}- parishes in the county, inclusi\e 
of six of the Exeter churches, have since participated in his 
gilt of bread to the poor, the expense of which, to the amount of 
;^8o per animm, was charged upon the proceeds of "the rectory 
and church of Churchstowe and chapel of Kingsbridge.* His 
will, dated Qtii February, was proved P.C.C, 4tli Jul}', i620.t By 
his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of George RoUe of Steven- 
stone, he had one daughter, Doioth}-, who died in her infancy, 
and had no further issue b)- his second marriage with Margery 
Hawley, a widow and daughter of Sir Heiir\- Portman, Kt., of 
Orchard Portman. He was buried between his two wives, under 
a fine, but undated, monument, in Broadclist church, upon which 
there is a recumbent figure of himself in armour, with a lady 
on either side.| By an Inq. p.m. dated 20th James I. (1622), 
his "right heir " was found to be his elder brother, " Sir Hugh 

* By deeds dated 20lh January and 20th August, 13th and 17th James I. 

t (.Soame 76.) 

X The Lysons ! Mag. Brit.., vol. ii., p. 116, " Devon," state tliat it " appears by 
the parish boolvs that he was buried in 1613." Moore, History of Devon, vo\. ii., 
p. 433, carelessly plagiarises the same fable, although a few lines further on he cites 
the deeds of the said Sir John of " 13th and 17th J.araes I.." 1616-1619. 


Akeland " ; tlie will was proved by the said Hugh's second son 
as executor, who left no surviving issue at his death in 1649-50 
(3rd February), and Columb John had then passed to his 
nephew. Sir John " Aclande," who thus signed the pedigree of 
1620, son and heir of Sir Arthur Aclande, Kt., who had died 
in 1 610, v.p. 

This Sir John "Aclande," "aged 29, 1620," was created a 
Baronet, as above stated. He garrisoned Columb John for the 
king in 1643 ! '" 1646 it had become the headquarters of 
General Fairfax, and that Cromwell, in person, was there during 
the period of its occupation by the Parliamentary forces is 
proved by a letter dated " Colomb John, near Exeter, 23rd 
July, 1646," and addressed to him by Elizabeth, Lady Acland,* 
in which she writes : — " I received such ample testimony of your 
love when you were pleased to quarter at my house, as that I 
cannot express my thankfulness for the same, and hope for 
your interest in favour of mj' husband with the Commissioners 
at Goldsmith's Hall." That this poor lady's supplication was 
of little avail is proved by the fact that at her husband's death, 
at Stoke d'Abernon, in Surrey, thirteen months later (24th Aug., 
1647), his creditors proved his will, and even the patent of his 
baronetcy was lost or destroyed during the troubles to which 
he had been subjected. Lady Acland only survived him until 
1649, and "admon. de bonis non " to her effects was also granted 
to a creditor, William Brown, 6th July, 167 1, her son, Hugh 
Acland, having renounced further trouble with respect to his 
parents' personality. 

The latter, in the following year, became fifth Baronet in 
succession to his two elder brother.s, Sir Francis and Sir John, 
and the latter's son, Sir Arthur, fourth Baronet, who died in his 
minority. The king granted him a fresh patent of the baronetcy 
to replace the one which had been destroyed during the recent 
wars on January 31st, 1677-78, which gives precedence to the 
Aclands over all Baronets created since the date of the original 
patent. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Daniel, Kt., 
of Beswick, co. York, and was of Columb John and Killerton, 
which latter estate, in the same parish, had given name to a 

* She was the daughter of Sir Francis Vincent, first Baronet of Stoke d'Abernon, 
and step-daughter of lier husband's mother. 


family who possessed it for many generations, and whose 
daughter and heir had married Sir John de Vere, and, secondly. 
Sir W. Courtenay, Kt. It was subsequently purchased by the 
Drewes, who were residing there when Edward Drewe murdered 
Will Petre, a tragical episode to which I have already sufficiently 
referred in these pages and elsewhere {Suburbs of Exeter, pp. 12 
et seq.) 

But as this happened in i6ri, and as the property was sold 
to the Aclands by Thomas Drewe, who succeeded to it in 1622, 
the purchaser cannot have been " Sir Arthur Acland, Kt.," 
Sir Hugh's grandfather, as stated bj' the several county his- 
torians, since Sir Arthur had died v.p. in 1610, 26th December, 
and Edward Drewe, father of the said Thomas, and owner of 
Killerton, was interred in the parish church of Broad-Clist in 
1622, M.I. Sir Hugh Acland, of Columb John and Killerton, 
was buried at Broad-Clist 9th March, 17 14, and was succeeded 
by his eldest son, Hugh, as sixth Baronet, the third of whose 
sons, Arthur Acland, was the father of Sir John Palmer Acland, 
created a Baronet 9th December, 1818, and whose onl)' grand- 
daughter and eventual heir married Sir A. B. P. Hood, Bt., 
in 1849. 

On the death of Sir Hugh, sixth Baronet, 29tli July, 1728, 
the title passed to his eldest son. Sir Thomas, seventh Baronet, 
who was followed by his grandson. Sir John, whose mother 
was a daughter of the first Lord Ilchester, as eighth baronet, in 
1785. On the death of the latter, without issue, within two 
months of his succession, viz., isth April that year, the title 
passed to his uncle, Sir Thomas Dyke Acland as ninth Baronet, 
the additional name of " Dyke " having been assumed in right 
of his mother, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dyke, of Tetton. 
The ninth Baronet's eldest son, by his wife Henrietta, daughter 
of Sir Richard Hoare, Bt, was the tenth Baronet, and died at 
Killerton 22nd July, 1871, at the age of eighty-four. He was 
the father of the present Right Honourable Sir Thomas Dyke 
Acland, of Acland, Columb John, and Killerton, who was born 
25th May, 1809, was M.P. for North Devon and West Somer- 
setshire, and is a Privy Councillor. (See Men of the Time, p. 8.) 
Sir Thomas married, firstly, in 1841, Mary, eldest daughter 
of Sir Charles Mordaunt, Bt., and secondly, in 1856, Mary, 


daughter of John Erslcine, and niece of James, second Lord 
Rosslyn. By his first marriage he has had, with other issue, a 
son and heir, Charles Tiiomas Djke Acland, M.P., born 1842, 
and who married, in 1879. Gertrude, daughter of the late Sir 
John W. Walrond, Bt. Arthur, second brother of the present 
Baronet, assumed the name of Troyte, by Royal licence, in 
1852. His fourth brother, Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland, 
K.C.B., Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford, born 181 5, was 
created a Baronet in 1890, and has seven sons. 

Killerton House, which is surrounded by an extensive deer 
park, was built as a temporary residence by the seventii baronet, 
who died in 1785 ; the tenth and late baronet was the first of 
tlie family who presented to the Vicarage of Broad-Clist, through 
his trustees, in his minority, 7th December, 1795. The old 
mansion house at Columb John was pulled down some years 
ago, and the family have since resided permanently at Killerton. 
The new chapel there was provided by the late Sir Thomas 
Dyke Acland, who obtained an Act of Parliament to transfer to 
it the endowments of the ancient stiucture at Columb John, 
already referred to, 1 2th July, 1837. 

The arms of Acland may be thus blazoned —" Ch.cqu)' rtr^-. 
and sable, a fess gules'' 

Crest. — A man's hand gloved, and coupcd at the wrist, 
thereon a falcon, all ppr 

Motto—" In^" 


Poltimore Park, the Devonshire seat of Lord Poltimore, is 
situated about four miles from Exeter, and the property is 
not identical with either of those which in the Domesday record 
are described as "Pontimora" and "Pultimora" respectively. 
At the period of the Survey, it had no separate existence as a 
manor, and appears to have been parcel of the Royal manor of 
" Clistone," since known as " Broad Clist," or great Clist, and 
to have been originally known as " Clist Moins," or Clist the 
less, and ultimately its identity became entirely overlooked 
and lost, through its acquisition by a family who were its 


owners for several descents, and who were known bj- the name 
of their residence, " Pultimore," in the parish of Farway, and 
three miles distant from Honiton.- 

From a note appended to one of the copies of the Visitation 
of Devon, 1564,! it appears that "Stephen of Poltymore, tenip. 

* The early acquisition of the manor of "Clist Moyns, or Afoins " by the Polti- 
mores of Farway, and its consequent change of name from " Clist Moins " to 
Poltimore, has been the occasion of endless topographical confusion. Sir William 
Pole, whose error has been repeated by his cnntemporary, Thomas Westcote, and 
later on by John Prince, has corrupted " Moins " into Moys, and has asserted that it 
had " formerly owners of the latter name who had lands also so called in Gla- 
morganshire." Neither Risdon {c. 1638) or Westcote {c. 1642) have supplied any 
information at all as to the early owners of " Clist Moins," otherwise Poltimore ; 
the first author has merely stated that " Poltimore was long since the seat of the 
Poltiraores' knights," the last that, "Clist Moys, now called Poltimore, Sir Richard 
de Poltimore held, and his predecessors, and posterity for a while after him." 

The authors of the Mag. Brit. , Devon, vol. ii., p. 419, confound this estate with 
that Manor of Poltimore, which was, and is, in the parish of Farway, and which 
belonged, in 1086, to Haimer de Arcis, and afterward gave name to the " Polti- 
mores," as in my text, but this property did not pass to the Bampfyldes, but to 
a family known as " le Jewe," which, after several descents, terminated in 
daughters and co-heirs. In their "Table of the Domesday division of property" 
(J/izj. BriL, Devon, vol. i.) these same authors mention tw-o other manors, which 
they alike term "Poltimore," and describe as, anciently written, " Pontimore," 
one of which they state, as "an appendage of Clist," was held by "Odo," and 
afterward by "Baldwin the Sheriff" in demesne; the other by "Olmer," and in 
10S6 by the "Canons of St. Mary" in demesne. 

But the Domesday record, in fact, has mention but of a siii^/e manor of " Pon- 
timore," which was the property 0/ Baldwin the Sheriff, and held under him at the 
period of the Survey by the Canons of St. Mary of Rouen, in Normandy. This 
manor of "Pontimore" descended with Aylesbeare to Baldwin's posterity, the 
Courtenay Earls of Devon, and is now known as "Newton Poppleford," a modern 
parochial district, but an ancient chapelry, with a market and fair of its own, 
within the said parish of Aylesbeare. 

The hypothetical manor of " Pontimore, or Poltimore," which the brothers 
Lysons assign to "Odo" the Saxon, and to "Baldwin the Sheritf," under the 
Normans, is a pure invention on their part, which seems to l^e founded on a very 
obvious clerical inaccuracy on the part of the Domesday scribes, and the careless 
perpetuation of the error is the less inexcusable, because the authors of the Magna 
Britannia have noted that this "Pontimore" was "an appendage of Clist." 
The facts are as follows : — 

The said Canons of St. Mary held, as sub-tenants to Baldwin, two manors, written 
"Clist" and " Cliste." The first of these has been since known as "Clist St. 
Mary," the second as " Clist William," and the latter is situated within the parish 
of Plymtree, near CuUompton, which, as " Plumtree," was held by Odo Fitz- 
Gamelin at the period of the Survey, from which record it appears that " one farthing 
of land, valued at twelvepence per annum," had been taken " from the manor of Clist, 
held by the Canons of St. Mary under Baldwin, and added to " Odo's manor of 
Pontimore," according to the Exeter Domesday, and " Ponamore," according to the 
Exchequer copy of the Survey. 

And as no such manor as " Pontimore, or Ponamore," was held by any such 
individual as Odo, who was a king's thegn in Saxon times, or by " Odo Fitz-Gamelin," 
under Norman rule, and as it is only mentioned in connection with a portion of 
"Cliste," which was situated in "Odo's manor" of " Plumtree," it is evident that 
there was no such manor of "Pontimore" as Lysons mentions, and that "Ponti- 
more," instead of " Plumtree," was merely an accidental error of description. 

Finally, neither of the manors respectively written " Pontimore," or " Pultimore," 
in Domesday, had anything in common with the property now known as Poltimore 
Park, but the second of them is identical with the estate, still called " Poltimore," in 
the parish of Farway. 

t See Colby, Visit., 1564, pp. 10, 11. 


Henry III., had issue, Bartholomew of Poltymore, who had 
issue Richard of Poltymore, Kt., who had issue Richard of 
Poltymore, Kt, who 2i Edward I. gave the manor by deed to 
a certain Simon de Montacute, Kt., called his "lord" or 
" master," in the deed by which he gave all his lands in Polty- 
more, Wibridge, Bocombe, and South Tawton to the said Simon 
de Montacute in case he should die without issue. Simon de 
Montacute afterwards, by a deed dated 26th Edward I. (1298) 
gave the manor of Poltymore to WiUiam Pontington, canon of 
the Cathedral of Exeter, and to a certain John de Baunfield." 

The above notes add nuicli to the " confusion " to which I 
have already referred. The reversionary conveyance by 
"Richard of Poltymore, Kt.," dated 21 Edward I., and which 
is also applied by Lysons' Mag. Brit, to "Poltimore, near 
Exeter," had literally nothing whatever to do with the latter 
property, as proved by the mention of " Wibridge and Bocombe," 
which, like Poltimore, are, and were, situated in the parish of 

" Wibridge ' (Woodbridge) is now a hamlet, whilst "Bocombe" 
(Boycombe) and Poltimore have been long occupied as farms. 
From the expression " lord " or " master," it may be inferred 
that the " Poltymores" held land under the Barony of Shipton 
Montagu, in the adjoining county, of which the said "Simon" 
was " seized " in the 5th Edward I.* 

That these Poltimores of Poltimore, in Farway, were also the 
owners of Clist Moins, since known also as Poltimore, is suffi- 
ciently evidenced by the fact that Richard, son of Bartholomew 
de Poltymore,t presented John Blundell to the parish church 
of Clist Moins, or Poltimore, in July, 1259, antl from the fact 
that he was the patron instead of his father, I think it probable 
that he may have tlien recently become the owner of Clist 
Moins. It is certain that the parish has been ever since 
known as Poltimore, and it is thus named in the " Taxatio " 
of Pope Nicholas IV., 12S8-1291, when the " firstfruits " 
amounted to £2 13s. 4d. 

Bartholomew de Poltimore, father of Richard, presented 
"Sampson of Hocesham " (Huxham) to Poltimore Rectory 

* See " House of Brito," ante. 
t Ep. Reg. E.xon. 


i6th August, 1263, and again exercised the right of patronage 
in favour of "Adam de Stratton," 2Sth February, 1265-66. 

It is stated in the Cartular)- of St. John's Priory, Exeter 
[Exeter Mun. Archives), that this " Bartholomew sold Poltymore 
Manor to Nicholas de Potyngdon, and to John Bampfeld " 
{c. 1291). John Prince tells us that the last "Sir Richard de 
Poltimore, having no issue of his own, granted the property 
to Simon Lord Montacute, who sold it unto William Pon- 
tington. Canon of the Church of Exeter, for ;£'200, in the 
twenty-sixth )-ear of King Edward I., A.D. 1298, and he gave 
it unto John Bampfield, whom he had the care and tuition of, 
for he is styled his aluniuus or pupil."* 

The Pointingtons were settled for eight descents at Pennicott, 
in the parish of Shobrooke, near Crediton, from the time of 
Edward III., and their pedigree was entered at the Heralds' 
visitation of the county in 1564, and again in 1620. The names 
"William" and "Nicholas" are to be found in the recorded 
generations of this family, who seem to have migrated to 
Devonshire from Somerset, and to have derived their name 
from the parish of Poyntington, near Sherborne. Possibly 
William de l\)intington was the .son of Nicholas, mentioned as 
the co-purchaser with John Bampfeld of the manor of Polty- 
more, nigh Exeter, from Bartholomew de Poltymore in 1291. 
" The Canon of Exeter," ' William de Puntyngdon," succeeded 
Thomas de Charleton as Archdeacon of Totnes 28th September, 
1303, and had been precentor of Exeter Cathedral in the 
previous jear ; he was succeeded in that office by Walter 
Stapeldon, afterward Bishop of the See, and died in 1307. 
"John de Bamfeld" first occurs as patron of the Rector)' of 
Poltimore Sth March, 1340-41, but his father is described, in 
the Aoviiiia J^iHanini, as "Lord of Poltimore" in the j-ear 

With regard to the constantly asserted "gift" of the property, 
either to "William Pontington," or to the latter <?;/^/ to "John 
de Bamfeld," by Simon de Montacute in 1238, this was, I feel 
assured, nothing more than a "quit claim" and "confirma- 
tion" of the actual sale of " Clist Moins," alias Poltimore, 

* Prince's Worthies of Devon, sub Sir C, Bampfeild, Bt. The story is repeated by 
Lysons' Mag. Brit., Devon, vol. ii., p. 419. 


to Poyntington and Bampfeld, by Bartholomew de Poltymore, 
in 1291, and was merely granted by the said Simon, in 1298, 
by virtue of his rights over the hundred of Wonford, in which 
Poltimore Park is situated. He had obtained from the king, 
1 8 Edward I., 1289, a confirmation of his honour of Shepton 
Montague, and, with like rights in other counties, tlie Lordship 
of the whole hundred of Wonford, and was therefore, under the 
Crown, chief lord of the fee of Poltimore, otherwise Clist 

The Bampfyldes have been independently settled at Polti- 
more, near Exeter, with absolute certainty since 13 16, and have 
as certainly presented to its rectory since 1340. By what means 
their ancestors may have become possessed of the Poyntington 
moiety of the manor, whether by gift or purchase, is immaterial, 
but if it is a fact that "John de Baunfield was seized of the 
manor of Poltymore i Edward II.," as noted against his name 
in the copy of the Visitation of 1564,* that date synchronises 
with the death of Archdeacon William Poyntington, or " de 
Puntyngdon," in 1307, and supports the story as to his having 
been a " favoured pupil " of that clerical dignitary, but, as he 
was the son o^ fohn 6e. Baunfeld, by Joan Hastings, his father 
was doubtless the original purchaser of the Bampfylde moiety of 
the manor in 1291. 

The name of Bampfylde, which was spelt "Bampfield" by 
the fifth baronet, who died in 1823, and Bamfield at the creation 
of that title in 1641, has been also variously written Bamfeild, 
Bamfeld, Baunfelde, and Baunfeld. 

John de Baunfelde, the father of the first Baunfelde of 
Poltimore, by his wife Joan de Hastyngs, appears to have been 
settled in the parish of Weston Baunfell, or Baunville, now 
Bamfyld in Somersetshire, and was most probably a cadet of 
the house of Bonville, derived from Sir Nicholas Bonville, who 
was a landowner in that county as early as the first year of 
King John, and who took his surname either from " Bonneville " 
in Savoy, or else from the town of the same name in the fertile 
province of Beauce, on the confines of the Isle of France. The 
" son " (or grandson ?) of Sir Nicholas, Sir William Bonville, 

* The several copies of the Visitation of 1564 are not authoritative; and this 
not repeated in the original Visitation of 1620. 


recovered liis lands in Somerset upon the customary homatjc 
and service, in 1265, and was the grandfather of Nicholas 
Bonville, who married Avis, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas 
Pyne of Shute,* and died in 1294, leaving issue, Sir Nicholas, 
father of Sir William Bonville of Shute (an estate long subse- 
quently, and after attainder, acquired from Petre, by Pole), the 
ancestor of William, Lord Bonville of Chcvvton, who was sum- 
moned to Parliament, as a baron, 28 Henry VI., and also a 
second son, John Bonville, who is saidt to have married Joan, 
daughter of Waryn Hampton, of Musbury, and to have died 
without issue. t 

" John Bamfielde of Poltimore," who commences the pedigree 
recorded by the Heralds at the Devonshire Visitation of 1620, 
married EUinor, daughter of Sir Humphry Beauchamp, of 
Ryme, and is named as " Lord of Poltimore " in the year 1316. § 
He had a son of the same name, who married Isabella, daughter 
of John Cobham, by his wife Anne Bollay, and who presented 
to Poltimore Rectory, 5th March, 1340-41. His son and heir, 
also called John, married Joan, daugliter of Geoffrey Gilbert, 
and was dead, 13th November, 1 360, when the said Joan, as 
"relict of John Bampfeld the elder," presented William Seger to 
the rectory of Poltimore. Consequently her son Thomas, who 
married a " daughter of Coplestone, must have been also dead 
at that date, but the latter's son and heir, " John Baunfeld, Esq.," 
was of full age, 7th November, 1361, when he gave the family 
living to a certain J. de Cobham, who was doubtless his kinsman. 
This "John Baunfeld, Esq," married Joane, daughter of Sir 

* Vivian calls ht-r " widow of Sir Thomas Pyne," wh-ose dauglihrs and coheirs, 
however, married Bonville and Umfraville, and tints Shute descended in the Bonville 

t Vivian " I'liit. Devon," p. loi, who cites "Pole, various Harl. MSB., and 
Maclean's Hiitoiy of Trigg Minor, with additions and corrections." The ow/r pedigree 
of Bonville entered before the Heralds, appears in \\\f: copies of the 1564 "Visitation," 
and refers to the illegitimate descendants of Lord Bonville of Chewton. 

t Although the ancestor of the Bampfyldes may have belonged to an 
earlier generation, it is just possible that this John Bonville of Weston was 
identical with John Baunfelde, father of John of Poltimore, by Joan de Hastyngs. 
Joan Hampton was doubtless a second wife, and tlte wife of his old age, as she is said 
to have mairied twice, subsequently to her first widowhood. The arms of Bonville 
of Chewton were, " sa., six mullets arg., pierced gii. ; " but several branches of the 
family bore, "or., on a bend sa., three mullets arg.," and these latter, but for slight 
variation of tincture, are precisely similar to the present arms of Bampfylde, who 
are said, however, to have originally borne the field, " paly of six arg. and verl." 

§ Nomina viUanvn, lit ante. 


Richard Merton,* but died at a very early age, on which account 
his father-in-law, the said Sir Richard Merton, Kt., presented to 
Poltimore only sixteen montiis later, 24th Marcii, 1362, as 
" Guardian of John Baunfeld, a minor, son and heir of John 
Baunfeld." This youthful heir also died j'oung, but added much 
to the fortunes of the family by his marriage with Joan, 
daughter and heir of John de Hocesham, through which alliance 
his posterity acquired the adjacent manor of Huxham,f which 
is still the property of Lord Poltimore. His widow, Joan, 
presented to Poltimore Rectory, as "relict of John Baunfeld," and 
by right of her dowry, 4th January, 1372-73. Her eldest son, 
Thomas " Bampfeld," presented to Poltimore 24th September, 
1404, and to Huxham, as " true patron," 3rd February in the same 
year. I He married Agnes, daughter and co-heir of John F"aber 
of Bovey Tracy, and was the grandfather of John Bamfield of 
Poltimore, who by his wife Agnes, daughter and heir of John 
Pederton, by Cecilia, daughter and iieir of John Turney, was 
the father of Sir William Bamfield, son and heir of Poltimore. 
This John and his wife rebuilt the Parish Church of Poltimore, 
as shown by an inscription on a gravestone which was, some 
years since, removed from the nave to the chancel, and which 
bears the following inscription : — 

" MC.C.C.XC." 

" Hie jacent Johes Baunfeld et Agnes u,\'or ejus. Pater et 

Mater Willi Baunfeld, qui hanc Ecclesiam et maximam 

Campanani fieri fecerunt." 

Their son. Sir William ]?amfield,§ was sheriff of Devon in 
1426, and died in 1474. The Manor of Huxham appears 
to have been settled upon his second son William Bamfield, 

* According to the Visitation Pedigrees, the inaccuracies and omi-sions in which I 
can only thus slightly notice, the Son of John B. and Ellinor Beauchamp, married 
"Joane, daughter of Sir Richard Martin, Kt." The 1620 pedigree is not vouched 
for by the signature of any member of the family. Said Joane Martin is made the 
mother of Thomas, who married Agnes Coplestone. Martin is, of course, an error 
for Merton. 

t By deed dated 28th September, 1461, and which is, or was, preserved at Wardour 
Castle, " William Bamfeld, Esq." mortgaged tlie manor of Huxham, with other lands 
in " Pynho and Beare," to Jane, widow of Sir Jno. Dynham, to her son John D. and 
to Richard Levermore, as security for the payment of ;^8o. 

tjohn Baunfeld, probably by arrangement with "William de Hocesham," had 
presented to Huxham, I3lh August, 1349. 

§ Where the spelling of the name tlilTers from Bampfylde, it is in all cases a 


who may liave acquired the Pinlioe propert}', mentioned in 
the mortgage above noted, by his second marriage witli 
Margaret Kirkham, widow of John Ciiejmey, of Pinhoe ; 
he succeeded his elder brother Walter " Bamfield," at Poltimore, 
1st Sept., 1478, and was the father, by his first wife Margaiet St. 
Maur, of Sir Edward Bamfield of Poltimore, who married Eliza- 
beth Wadham, and died in 1528. His son and heir, Richard 
Bamfeild, who was an only child and but two years of age at 
his father's death, was, presumablj-, the hero of a sensational 
story which has been handed down to us by John Prince, the 
author of the "Worthies of Devon," published in i/Oi, and 
which he tells us is "a most memorable passage of undoubted 
credit," and to the effect that "one of the heirs of the house, 
not many generations back," being ward to " some very great 
person in the east countr)'," was taken away in his infanc)-, and 
brought up in ignorance of his real position and prospects. He 
was trained to be a servant, and, when di.^covered by one of his 
late father's tenantr}-, was employed as huntsman in his said 
guardian's establishment. Tlie Poltimore farmer is then said to 
have abducted him, to have taken him before the proper 
authorities, and to have duly established the right of his young 
landlord to his inheritance. 

This Richard Bamfeild, at the age of fifty, became Sheriff 
of Devon in the eighteenth year of the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth. His mother, a widow, at the time of her second 
niariiage, was a daughter of Nicholas Wadham, of Merrifield, 
CO. Somerset, and his wife was a daughter of Sir John S)'uen- 
ham of the same county ; by her he had a family of twelve 
children, viz., nine daughters and three sons. The eldest of 
the latter, Giles, predeceased him, having been drowned during 
his passage to Ireland, so he was succeeded in 1594 by his 
second son, Amias, then over tliirty years of age, who was Sheriff 
of the county in 1603, and was knighted that same }ear at 
Windsor.* He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John 
Clifton, of Barrington, Somerset, and had ten children ; one of 

* This Sir Amias Bampfeild built, in 161S, the very interesting house in " Dodde- 
hay," now Bampfylde Street, Exeter, long the city residence of the family, and now 
used as offices. It is rich in armorial bearings of the families allied to Bampfylde by 
marriage. See post. 


his daughters married the nephew of the great Sir Francis 
Drake, who was created a baronet in 1622, and whose sister, 
Elizabeth, was the wife of his eldest son and successor, John 
Bamfeild, of Poltimorc, who was born about 1590. The latter 
also had a large family, fifteen children ; one of the daughters, 
Dorothy, was the wife of Henry Worth, of Worth. The sixth 
son, Francis, was a Nonconformist minister, and died in Newgate 
Gaol in the spring of 1604; the eighth son, Thomas Bampfield, 
was Recorder of Exeter during the Usurpation, and member for 
Exeter in 1656. The third son, John Bamfield, was created 
a baronet 14th July, 1641, and through the deaths of his two 
elder brothers, Amias and Arthur, succeeded to Poltimore at his 
father's death, and married Gertrude, sister and co-heir of John 
Coplestone, of Warleigh. During the great rebellion this first 
baronet was active on the side of the Parliament, and Pultimore 
House was garrisoned by Fairfax in 1645 ; its owner died in 
1650, aged forty, when he was succeeded by his son, Sir Cople- 
stone Bampfield, tiie eldest of a family of nineteen, and who 
was as zealous for the Restoration of monarchy as his sire had 
been for its overthrow, and who was duly "pricked" Sheriff 
of Devon as soon as the king "came home again." He was, 
however, equally zealous in his promotion of the Revolution, 
being actuated, as evidently as his father had been, by perfectly 
conscientious motives, and on his death-bed he called his family 
around him, and impressed upon them the necessity of an 
invariable adherence to the " religion of the Established 
Church of England, and of allegiance to the right heirs of the 
Crown." He experienced a great domestic bereavement 
shortly before his demise, through a melancholy and fatal 
accident of which his eldest and promising son was the 
victim. Tliis son, Colonel Hugh Bampfield, who commanded 
the county militia, was returning from a wedding, when his 
horse tripped whilst descending a hill near Plymouth, and 
the young rider's neck was broken. He left a widow, Mary, 
daughter of James Clifford, of Ware, who administered to 
the will of her father-in-law in the minority of her eldest 
son, Coplestone Warwick Bampfield, who succeeded as third 
baronet in 1692, and also, by devise, to the estates of his 
far away kinsman, Warwick Bampfield, of Hardington, 


CO. Somerset* (Sir Coplestone was M.P. for Exeter, and 
also for the count)', and was buried at Pultimore witli his 
ancestors, 14th Oct., 1727), lie left issue a daughter, IMary 
(Lady Carew), and a son, Richard Warwick Bampficld, fourth 
baronet. The latter, who also represented Devonshire in 
Parliament, married Joan Codrington, of Wraxhall, Somerset, 
and died at the age of fifty-four, 24th July, 1776, when he was 
succeeded by his second but eldest sur\i\iiig son, Charles 
Warwick Bampfiekl, as fifth baronet. 

Tlie latter, who was born and baptized in Bristol, 23rd Januar)% 
1753, represented the city of Exeter in Parliament from 1774 to 
1807, and, at the age of sevent}-, came to an untimcl}- end at 
the hands of his ser\'ant, Alorland, who immediately afterward 
ciimmitted suicide. He died at his town residence. No. i, 
Montague Square, and was buried 25th April, 1823, at Har- 
dington, co. Somerset, which he evidently preferred to his 
Devonshire home, as he is described as of " Hardington Park," 
without any mention of Poltimore, in the London Directory of 
1822. By his wife, Catherine, daughter of Admiral Sir John 
iMoore, Bt, and K.C.B., he left a daughter, Louisa, wife of 
Edward W. Wells, Captain R.N. ; a son, Charles, in holy orders ; 
and a son and heir, Sir George Warwick " Bampf^dde," who was 
born 23rd March, 1786, succeeded as sixth baronet, was a 
Deputy Lieutenant for Devon and Somerset, and colonel of 
the North Devon Militia. On the loth Sept., 1831, Sir George 
was raised to tl-.e peerage as Baron Poltimore, of Poltimore, and 
was afterward a Lord-in-Waiting to Her Majesty the Queen, 
and died iSth December, 1858. His Lordship b}' his second 
wife, Caroline, eldest daughter of Lieut. -General Frederick 
Buller, of Pel}'nt, was the father of the second and present 
baron and seventh baronet, who was born in 1837, and married 
the second daughter of Richard Brinslc)' Sheridan, M.P., of 
Frampton, Dorset, by whom he has, with other issue, a son, the 
Honourable C. R. G. Warwick Bampfylde, born 1859, late of 
the 1st Life Guards, who is married, and has issue. 

Arms of Bampf)-lde. — Or, on a bend^'//., 3 mullets arg. 

* Warwick Bnmpfield was descended from Peter (whose will was proved 7tli June, 
1499, P.C.C), .second son of John Bamfield, of Poltimore, by Agnes, daughter and 
heir of John Pederton, of iLardington, by his wife, Cecilia, daughter and heir of 
John Turney. 


Crest. — A lion's liead erased sa., dncally crowned or. 

Supporters. — Two lions ramp. rey[. sa., crowned as crest, and 
5:;or^ed with a collar genielle or, an escutcheon of the arms 
pendent therefrom. 

Motto. — " Delectare in Domino." 

In the old house in Bampfylde Street, Exeter, to which I 
have already referred as having been erected by Sir Amias 
B.imfielde, Kt., in 1618, are the following coats, illustrative 
of the matrimonial alliances of the faniil\- : — 

On a shield over the fireplace in oak — 

1st. — Or, on a bend gu., 3 mullets arg. — Bampfylde. 

2nd. — Or, a maunch ^«/fj — I Tastings. 

3rd. — Arg., a lion ramp. sa. — Hoceshain. 

4th. — Arg., on a fess sa., 3 crosslets or, a bordure az. — Faber. 

5th. — Arg., a bend gu., between three lions' iieads erased sa., 
crowned of second — Pederton of flardington. 

6th. — Gil., sem6e of crosslets, and a lion pass, guardant arg. — 
Turney"' alias Mallet, of Enmore, co. Somerset. 

7th. — Aig., 2 chevrc^is ^zi!., a label az. — St. Maur. 

8th. — Turnej' as above. 

Over a doorwaj' is a shield of the family impaling Clifton. 
Sa., semee of cinquefoils, a lion ramp. arg. 

In the hall windov are six shields in painted glass, but the 
tinctures have in some cases suffered by injudicious repairs. 

1st Bampfylde. — (Andrew, son and heir of Walter Bamfield, 
aged 4 years, anno 1478, died, S.P?) 

2nd Bampfylde. — Impaling Turney quartering St. Maur. 
'Wm. Bampfylde and his first wife, Margaret St. Maur, heiress 
to her niece, Mary Drury.) 

3rd Bampfylde. — Impaling crin., 3 lions ramp, gn., within a 
bordure engrailed sa. — Kirkham. (W'm. Bampfylde and his 
second wife.) 

4tli. — The same as No. 3. 

5th Bampfylde. — Impaling vert., a chevron between 3 mullets 
^r— Pudsey. (Walter Bampfylde, ob. 1478, son and heir of Sir 
William, and his wife Grace. 

6th. — As 2, but St. Maur quarters Turney. 

* The ancient arms of this family were " paly of six gtt. and or, a lion statant 
guardant arg. " 


Tliere was an ancient tradition as to " Gibbs, of Deny," that the 
first of them came to England in the retinue of King William, 
and their name has been considered, by some, to be equivalent 
to " Gilbert," by others to be deduced from " an Arabic root." 

Sir Bernard Burke has cited an "ancient roll," originally in 
the possession of " Jenkin Gibbes {temp. Henry VII.)," as 
authority for the statement that the Di Guibes, or Gibbes, 
existed in Normandy long prior to the Norman Conquest, and 
adds, that " the name is said to be still found in France," in the 
first form ; it appears certain, however, that families known as 
"Gibbe," or "Gibbes," became settled, during the fourteenth 
century, in the West of England, and were also fiiund long 
since both in Warwickshire and Kent ; the latter stock are said 
to be derived from Devonshire, the first of whom," John Gibbes," 
has been asserted to have been the brother of Gibbes, " of 
Honington, co. Warwick, in the reign of Richard II.," whilst 
the Gibbs of Derry, assu ned to be of the Devonshire branch, 
together with those of Bedminster, co. Somerset, the ancestors 
of Sir E. O. Gibbes, Baronet, alike bear Arms which seem to 
be connected with this county, and which, but for tincture, are 
precisely identical with those of Dennis, of Holcombe Burnell, 
and Orleigh, and also with those of Wyke, of Northwyke, 
already blazoned on a previous page ; whilst, despite the oft 
plagiarised assertion as to the Danish origin of the race of 
Dennis,* I think that it is more than probable that Ralph " le 
Dan," " Dacus," or " Dennis,'' who was settled at St. Pancras, 
near Holsworthy, since known as " Paiicraswick," in the reign of 
Henry II., was responsible for the very suggestive affi.K of that 
parish, and that he was, actually, a brother of William, Robert 
and Roger de Wigornia, of whose ancestry I have already 
sufficiently treated. f 

Sir Ralf de Wick, otherwise Dennis, who may have acquired 
the latter appellative from his arms, anciently blazoned as 
"three Danish axes," was of Wick St. Pancras in the twelfth 
century. He had issue two sons, Robert and Williain ; Robert's 

* See Risdon, Sui~Yy, pp. 120, 234. rrince, H'ort/iia, siih Dennis, Sir Thomas, 
t Ante, p. 375. 


line tei-minatcd after several descents in two co-heirs, Mari^aret 
and Agatha, the wives respectively of Sir Reginald Ferrers, of 
Beer, and of Sir Nicholas Kirkham. But William had a son, 
" Sir Alan le Dennis," whose son, Robert, married Maude, 
daughter and lieir of William de Manworthy, of Manworthy, 
in the parish of Holsworthy. John Dennis, of Manworthy, 
grandson of the last Robert and Maude, and son of William 
Dennys, of Gidicot, in the parish of Bradford, acquired the 
latter manor in marriage with Joan, daughter and heir of John 
Dabernon, and left it to his own descendants ; but his younger 
brother, Walter Dennis, succeeded both to Manworthy and 
Gidicott, and, after several descents, his " heir-general," 
Thomasine Dennis, married Philip Boterford, of Botterford in 
South Huish, and his daughter and heir, Maigery Botterford, 
brought the property to lier husband, a certain William 
May, or Mej', between the \-cars 1 399-141 3. In the mean- 
time Fenton, a hamlet in the parishes of Rattery and 
Dartington, had been alienated by one of the barons of 
Dartington at an early date to a family who styled themselves 
" de Fenton." "John de Fenton " was its owner in 1242, and 
Risdon sajs {Survey, p. 165) that " the inheritance thereof 
came to William Gibbs about the reign of Henry the Fourth" 
(1399-1413), and this William was doubtless the son of the 
"John Gibbes," also of Fenton, who is reputed to have 
been the " brother of Gibbes, of Honington, co. Warwick." 
John, grandson of William Gibbs, appears to have married 
Agnes Mey, or May, of Botterford, Manworthy, and Gid- 
dicott, the last two estates having been derived from Dennis ; 
and hence the connection, between the family of Gibbes, 
of Fenton, and Dennis, originally of Pancraswick, whose arms 
the former appear to me to have assumed, is sufificiently clear ; 
not so, however, the basis upon which these Dennis arms were 
admitted to the family of "Gibbes, of Bedminster and Bristol," at 
the Herald's Visitation of Somersetshire in 1672, since their 
pedigree shows no connection whatever with Gibbes of Fenton, 
locally pronounced Venton. 

Fenton, Botterford, Manworlh}', and Giddicott, descended in 
the family of Gibbes from the reign of Edward IV. to that of 
Oueen Elizabeth. The last of them, William Gibbes, of Fenton, 


is said to have sold Manworthy to Hurst, of Exeter, and 
Butterford to Prestwood. His arms,'' attached to his " Funeral 
Certificate," are impaled with those of his wife, Dorothy 
Beriieiej-. He left two daughters, co-heirs, viz., Silvestra, the 
wife of Walter Wotton, and Elizabeth, who married the said 
Walter's elder brother, Edward Wotton, and secondly, Edward 
Drewe, of Hayne, and by their representatives Fenton and 
the residue of the property was sold. Administration to his 
estate was granted in 1580, to John Ayer, of Penegett, in the 
minority of William, son of Silvestra Wotton, a minor.f Peter 
Gybbes, M.A., Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, Lent Term, 
1387, was possibly of tliis family. 

In 1672 the Gibbes family, of Bristol, then represented b)' 
William Gibbes, aged 42, of Southwark, and Henry Gibbes, 
aged 31, alderman of Bristol, and to whom arms, as borne by 
Gibbes, of Fenton, viz., arg., 3 battle axes in pile sn., were tJicn 
somewhat unaccountablyl admitted, referred their ancestry to a 
certain William Gibbes, of Bed minster, who, by his will dated 
i8th March, 1602, desired to be buried with "his father" in the 
Church of St. Thomas, Bristol. 

Sir Philip Gibbes, of Barbadoes, created a Baronet 30th I\Ia)', 
1774, was the son of Philip, grandson of Philip, uncle of the 
aforesaid Alderman Henry Gibbes, and of his brother William 
Gibbes, of Southwark. The said Philip Gibbes, on 20th 
December, 1679, was living upon a hundred and sevent\--fjur 
acres of land in the parish of St. James, Barbadoes, and had 
there seven white servants, and sixty-nine negroes. 

The first baronet. Sir Philip Gibbes, who was so created 
30th May, 1774, married Agnes, daughter and heir of Samuel